WO1994013476A1 - Copolyester film primed with acrylic polymers - Google Patents

Copolyester film primed with acrylic polymers

Info

Publication number
WO1994013476A1
WO1994013476A1 PCT/US1992/010699 US9210699W WO1994013476A1 WO 1994013476 A1 WO1994013476 A1 WO 1994013476A1 US 9210699 W US9210699 W US 9210699W WO 1994013476 A1 WO1994013476 A1 WO 1994013476A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
film
biaxially oriented
primer
film according
primer coated
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US1992/010699
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Cynthia Bennett
E-Won Choe
John Anthony Flint
Bodo Kuhmann
Original Assignee
Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
Hoechst Celanese Corporation
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08JWORKING-UP; GENERAL PROCESSES OF COMPOUNDING; AFTER-TREATMENT NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C08B, C08C, C08F, C08G
    • C08J7/00Chemical treatment or coating of shaped articles made of macromolecular substances
    • C08J7/04Coating
    • C08J7/047Coating with only one layer of a composition containing a polymer binder
    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03CPHOTOSENSITIVE MATERIALS FOR PHOTOGRAPHIC PURPOSES; PHOTOGRAPHIC PROCESSES, e.g. CINE, X-RAY, COLOUR, STEREO-PHOTOGRAPHIC PROCESSES; AUXILIARY PROCESSES IN PHOTOGRAPHY
    • G03C1/00Photosensitive materials
    • G03C1/76Photosensitive materials characterised by the base or auxiliary layers
    • G03C1/795Photosensitive materials characterised by the base or auxiliary layers the base being of macromolecular substances
    • G03C1/7954Polyesters
    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03CPHOTOSENSITIVE MATERIALS FOR PHOTOGRAPHIC PURPOSES; PHOTOGRAPHIC PROCESSES, e.g. CINE, X-RAY, COLOUR, STEREO-PHOTOGRAPHIC PROCESSES; AUXILIARY PROCESSES IN PHOTOGRAPHY
    • G03C1/00Photosensitive materials
    • G03C1/76Photosensitive materials characterised by the base or auxiliary layers
    • G03C1/91Photosensitive materials characterised by the base or auxiliary layers characterised by subbing layers or subbing means
    • G03C1/93Macromolecular substances therefor
    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03GELECTROGRAPHY; ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHY; MAGNETOGRAPHY
    • G03G7/00Selection of materials for use in image-receiving members, i.e. for reversal by physical contact; Manufacture thereof
    • G03G7/0006Cover layers for image-receiving members; Strippable coversheets
    • G03G7/002Organic components thereof
    • G03G7/0026Organic components thereof being macromolecular
    • G03G7/004Organic components thereof being macromolecular obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03GELECTROGRAPHY; ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHY; MAGNETOGRAPHY
    • G03G7/00Selection of materials for use in image-receiving members, i.e. for reversal by physical contact; Manufacture thereof
    • G03G7/006Substrates for image-receiving members; Image-receiving members comprising only one layer
    • G03G7/0073Organic components thereof
    • G03G7/008Organic components thereof being macromolecular
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08JWORKING-UP; GENERAL PROCESSES OF COMPOUNDING; AFTER-TREATMENT NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C08B, C08C, C08F, C08G
    • C08J2367/00Characterised by the use of polyesters obtained by reactions forming a carboxylic ester link in the main chain; Derivatives of such polymers
    • C08J2367/02Polyesters derived from dicarboxylic acids and dihydroxy compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08JWORKING-UP; GENERAL PROCESSES OF COMPOUNDING; AFTER-TREATMENT NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C08B, C08C, C08F, C08G
    • C08J2433/00Characterised by the use of homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and only one being terminated by only one carboxyl radical, or of salts, anhydrides, esters, amides, imides, or nitriles thereof; Derivatives of such polymers

Abstract

The invention deals with a primer coated, biaxially oriented self-supporting, mono- or multilayer copolyester film, wherein the copolyester is PENBB and wherein the primer coating contains an acrylic polymer. PENBB is a copolyester containing units of formula (I).

Description

COPOLYESTER FILM PRIMED WITH ACRYLIC POLYMERS

The present invention relates to biaxially oriented PENBB film coated on one or both sides with acrylic polymers which render the copolyester film surface receptive to additional reprographic or matte coatings applied thereto, and to film containing the reclamation product of such coated film.

Background Of The Invention

Oriented polyester films, particularly biaxially oriented film composed of polyethylene terephthalate (PET), are widely used as a base for drafting film, photographic film, and reprographic film, as well as for packaging and labeling applications.

Polyester films, especially PET films, have disadvantages which still need to be overcome, e.g., UV resistance, dimensional stability, heat stabili- ty, and hydrolysis resistance are still poor. Moreover, PET film is hydrophobic and is not readily receptive to coating in most applications where the film is to serve as a base or support for other coatings, and must therefore be first coated on one or both sides with a primer coating which adheres to the film and is receptive as well to other coatings applied to it. For example, U.S. Patent IMos. 2,627,088 and 2,698,240 teach a primer coating for PET film comprising a terpolymer composition of vinylidene chloride, acrylic ester and itaconic acid. This primer layer is said to have excellent adhesion to the polyester surface and to water or alcohol based photographic gelatin layers subsequently coated thereon. Another known PET film primer includes copolymers of a vinyl haloge- noester, such as vinyl chloroacetate which may be copolymerized with numerous different monomers such as acrylic and methacrylic acids, esters and amides, olefins and vinyl alcohols as disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 3,674,531. Such copolymers may also be crosslinked by the inclusion of melamine or urea formaldehyde resins in the composition. The primed PET film is stated to exhibit enhanced adhesion to a variety of coatings applied thereto, including reprographic coatings. While some of these and other polyester film primer layers are effective in enhancing the adhesive qualities of PET film, it is important for the film manufacturer that scrap film made during production must be recyclable through the film-forming process. Scrap film is normally comminuted, mel- ted, extruded into the form of pellets, mixed with fresh virgin polyester, re- melted and re-fed to the film-forming extruder. Typically high temperatures may be encountered during such processing of PET reclaim film. Many of the primer compositions discussed above are not stable at such temperatures and tend to impart an undesirable yellow or black discoloration to finished orient- ed PET film containing significant amounts of such primed reclaim film, particularly after repeated passes through the extruder. Such is the case with the vinylidene chloride-containing polymers used as PET primer layers and disclosed in U.S. Patent Nos. 2,627,088 and 2,698,240. It is also the case with primer layers based on copolymers containing vinyl chloroacetate as disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 3,674,538. It has been found that discoloration and degradation of these primer layers during the reclaim process is most likely attributable to the evolution of chlorine gas or hydrogen chloride in the case of chlorine-containing primer layers.

Another known primer is the thermoset, acrylic or methacrylic coatings taught in U.S. Patent No. 3,819,773, which can be applied to the PET film from aqueous medium. Such a primer layer enhances the adhesion of organic solvent based reprographic and drafting layers applied thereto. This patent also discloses that film primed with the acrylic coatings described therein may be reclaimed in the film forming extruder by mixing it with 50 percent by weight or more of virgin polyester and refeeding the mixture to the film- forming extruder. This reference discloses that problems of discoloration or degradation caused by certain prior art primer coatings are reduced. While this is true in comparison with the chlorine-containing primers discussed abo¬ ve, the acrylic primer coatings of U.S. Patent No. 3,819,773, which are crosslinked using the resinous crosslinking agents disclosed therein, still are found to give rise to an undesirable yellowing of the finished film containing such primed film as reclaim, particularly when compared to film based solely on virgin polymer.

Summary of the Invention It has now been found that a primer coated biaxially oriented self- supporting mono- or multilayer copolyester film, wherein the copolyester is PENBB and wherein the primer coating contains an acrylic polymer provides excellent UV resistance, good dimensional stability, heat stability and hydroly¬ sis resistance, lower moisture absorption, improved stiffness (tensile strength and modulus), while providing excellent adhesion to many organic solvent based coatings subsequently applied thereto, and reciaimability when re¬ processed during the manufacture of the PENBB film while giving rise to hardly any degradation of the film.

Most of the acrylic coating compositions mentioned herein are disclo- sed in U.S. Patent No. 4,571 ,363.

U.S. Patent No. 3,008,934 discloses copolyesters containing as acid derived units 4,4'-bibenzoate and a host of other dicarboxylates including 2,6-naphthalic dicarboxylate. It also discloses oriented fibers and films prepa¬ red from these copolyesters, however, biaxially oriented PENBB films are not disclosed or envisioned. In particular, those films with improved stiffness

(tensile modulus) and tensile strength in both MD and TD as well as thermo- stability, UV stability, hγdrophobicity, dimensional stability and impermeability toward gases in comparison to PET film are not disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 3,008,934.

Description of the Preferred Embodiments of the invention

PENBB as mentioned hereinbefore is a copolyester containing as acid- derived unit at least 5 mole percent of a radical of the formula

(bibenzoate, B8 In the case that more than 10 mole percent of terephthalic acid derived radicals are present in the copolymer, the content of bibenzoate derived units is at least 25 mole percent. Films of these copolyesters are mentioned in the unpublished German Patent Application P 4224161.8, which is incorporated herein by reference. Preferably PENBB is a copolyester wherein at least 80 mole percent of the acid derived units (NBB) consist of bibenzoate (20 to 80 mole percent, preferably 40 to 60 mole percent) and naphthalate (80 to 20 mole percent, preferably 60 to 40 mole percent). The remaining 20 or less mole percent may consist of other acid derived units, which e.g. affect the melting point or the crystallization kinetics. Preferably at least 80 mole percent of the diol-derived units consist of -O(CH2) -O-units. The remaining

20 or less mole percent consist of other diol-derived units, which e.g. may also affect the melting point or the crystallization kinetics. It may also be desirable to replace minor amounts of the acid- and/or diol-derived units with hydroxycarboxyiic-acid-derived units, e.g. such derived from p-hydroxyben- zoic acid.

To produce the film, the polymer melt is extruded through a die onto a chill roll where it solidifies, is then biaxially oriented, heat set, optionally post treated and wound on a roll. In order to achieve the desired mechanical properties in the biaxially oriented PENBB film it is recommended that the IV value (inherent viscosity, as measured in a 1 : 1 weight-ratio mixture of pentafiuorophenol and hexafluoroisopropanol at a concentration of 0.2 g/dl and a temperature of 25 βC) of the PENBB polymer after extrusion be > 0.5 di/g and preferably > 0.55 dl/g. Biaxial drawing is performed such that the birefringeance is < 0.2, preferably < 0.1 to ensure adequately isotropic properties. Birefringeance as mentioned herein is the absolute value of the difference between the maximum and minimum refractive indices in the plane of the film, as measured on common instruments such as Abbe refractome- ter, optical bench or compensators. For a multilayer film known methods for coextrusion, in-line or off-line coating can be used. The solidified film as ex¬ truded on the chill roll should be obtained in an essentially amorphous state. To achieve this, the melt film must be pinned to the chill roll by a known method such as electrostatic pinning or vacuum, air knife or the like.

The biaxial orientation of the film is achieved by stretching the film at elevated temperature in the machine (MD) and transverse direction (TD). This stretching can be either simultaneous or sequential. In the case of sequential stretching, the first stretching step can be in either MD or TD, followed by stretching in the other direction. The orientation in MD can also be achieved in several steps, either one after another prior to stretching in TD, or before and after the TD stretching. Preferred temperatures for stretching lie bet¬ ween the glass transition temperature and about 30 *C above the cold cry¬ stallization temperature of the PENBB copolymer composition in use (both temperatures can easily be measured on amorphous films by DSC). The total stretch ratios (Λ) in MD and TD lie between 1 : 2 and 1 : 10, preferably between 1 : 2.5 and 1 : 5'. The product of the total stretch ratios should be between 1 to 30, and preferably between 5 to 20.

In order to optimize properties such as shrinkage, relaxation steps can be included in the orientation and heat setting processes.

The heat setting takes place at a temperature between the cold cry- stallization temperature and the melt temperature of the copolymer composi¬ tion.

In some cases a surface treatment such as corona, plasma or flame treatment should be employed before winding the film on a roll.

Prior to coating the PENBB film surface with the acrylic coating compo- sition, the film may be surface treated in a conventional manner by exposure to, e.g. an electric corona, plasma or flame treatment. Electric corona disch¬ arge is a conventional surface treatment which is commonly performed on a film to enhance its surface qualities, especially its adhesive and printing properties. Electric corona discharge methods and apparatus are described in U.S. Patent Nos. 3,057,792 and 4,239,973. If the surface treatment follo¬ wed by the coating occurs before stretch orientation, heating the film before stretch orientation will drive off the water. For biaxially oriented film, prefera- bly the corona treatment followed by the acrylic polymer coating may occur during the in-line manufacturing process, either before stretch orientation, or between the machine draw and transverse draw of biaxial stretch orientation, or after stretch orientation. If the surface treatment and coating steps occur after stretch orientation, it is necessary to completely dry the film before winding. If the surface treatment and coating occur before orientation, or between draw during orientation, the later orientation steps which require the film to be heated would drive off the excess water from the acrylic polymer coating. Preferably, the corona treatment and subsequent acrylic polymer coating occur between draws during the stretch orientation step.

The mono- or multilayer biaxially oriented PENBB film is coated on the corona, plasma or flame treated surface preferably with an aqueous disper¬ sion of the acrylic coating composition described below. The coating compo¬ sition may conveniently be applied as an aqueous dispersion or emulsion using any of the well known coating techniques. For example, the film may be coated by roller coating, spray coating, gravure coating, or slot coating. The heat applied to the film during the subsequent pre-heating, stretching, and heat setting stages is generally sufficient to evaporate the water and crosslink the acrylic coating, if a crosslinkable monomer comprises a portion of the acrylic coating.

The coated, biaxially oriented PENBB film may then be heat treated for a period of time necessary to crystallize the film. Crystallization imparts the improved dimensional stability and excellent tensile properties to the PENBB film. The so coated, crystallized and biaxially oriented PENBB film is then wound onto a roll.

The above description describes an aqueous acrylic coating applied in¬ line (during manufacture). While this is the preferred process for the biaxially oriented copolyester film, organic solvent-based acrylic coatings as well as off-line coating (after manufacture of the film is complete) is a further aspect of the invention.

The acrylic copolymers used as primer layers according to this inven¬ tion consist essentially of at least about 50 percent by weight of one or more polymerized acrylic and/or methacrylic monomers. Although not necessary, the acrylic copolymer may contain from about 1 to 15 percent by weight of a copolymerizable comonomer, which in its copolymerized state is then capa¬ ble of intermolecular crosslinking by the application of heat with or without the addition of a separate resinous crosslinking agent.

The acrylic component of the primer copolymers is preferably present at a level of from about 50 to 99 percent by weight and preferably comprises an ester of acrylic acid or methacrylic acid, especially an alkyl ester wherein the alkyl group contains up to 10 carbon atoms such as methyl, ethyl, n- propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, isobutyl, t-butyl, hexyl, heptyl and n-octyl. Acrylic copolymers derived from a lower alkyl (C, to C4) acrylate, especially ethyl acrylate, together with a lower alkyl methacrylate provide particularly effecti¬ ve adhesion between the PENBB film and superimposed reprographic or matte layers. Primer copolymers comprising an alkyl acrylate, e.g. ethyl acrylate or butyl acrylate, together with an alkyl methacrylate, e.g. methyl methacrylate, desirably in a total proportion in the range of about 70 to 95 weight percent, are particularly preferred. The acrylate comonomer of such acrylic/methacry- lic combinations is preferably present in a proportion in the range of 15 to 65 mole percent and the methacrylate comonomer preferably in a proportion exceeding that of the acrylate comonomer generally by an amount in the range of 5 to 20 mole percent. The methacrylate is preferably present in a proportion in the range of 35 to 85 mole percent.

Examples of suitable crosslinking comonomers include N-methγlol acrylamide, N-methylol methacrylamide and their corresponding ethers; epoxide materials such as glycidyl acrylate, glycidyl methacrylate and allyl- glycidyl ether; carboxyl containing monomers such as crotonic acid, itaconic acid or acrylic acid; anhydrides such as maleic anhydride or itaconic anhydri¬ de; hydroxy containing monomers such as allyl alcohol and hydroxy ethyl or propyl acrylate or methacrylate; amides such as acrylamide, methacrylamide or maleamide; and isocyanates such as vinylisocyanate or allylisocyanate.

Preferred comonomers from the above are N-methylolacrylamide and N-methylolmethacrylamide, mainly because copolymer chains containing one of these monomers are capable of condensing with one another with the ap¬ plication of heat to form the desired inter-molecular crosslinking. In the case of copolymers containing the other functional monomers, it is necessary to form blends of two or more copolymers containing different functional como- nomers to achieve the desired crosslinking, e.g. blending an acrylic/crotonic acid copolymer with an acrylic copolymer containing isocyanate, epoxide or N-methylol functionality capable of reacting with acidic functional groups.

Specific additional combinations of such blended acrylic copolymers include copolymers containing monomers having epoxide functionality combi- ned with copolymers containing monomers having amine, acid anhydride, carboxyl, hydroxyl, or N-methylol functionality; copolymers containing mono¬ mers having N-methylol or N-methylol ether functionality combined with copolymers containing monomers having isocyanate functionality combined with copolymers containing monomers having carboxyl or hydroxyl functiona- lity; and so forth. Preferably, the functional monomers present in the mixed copolymer systems are present in approximately equimolar amounts.

The acrylic copolymers also may contain up to about 49 percent by weight of one or more halogen-free non-acrylic monoethylenically unsaturated monomers interpolymerized therewith. Suitable comonomers include dialkyl maleates such as dioctyl maleate, di-isooctyl maleate and dibutyl maleate; vinyl esters of versatic acid; vinyl acetate, styrene, acrylonitrile and similar materials.

The preferred crosslinking mixed copolymer compositions for the purposes of this invention are approximately 50/50 blends of an ethyl acryla- te/methyl methacrylate/crotonic acid copolymer with an ethyl acrylate/methyl methacrylate/glycidylacrylate copolymer, blends of an ethyl acrylate/methyl methacrylate/methacrylamide copolymer with an ethylacrylate/methyl metha- crylate/N-methylolacrylamide copolymer; and compositions based on copoly¬ mers of ethyl acrylate/methyl methacrylate/N-methylolacrylamide such as copolymers containing from about 50 to 99 percent by weight of acrylic and/or methacrylic monomers, 0 to 49 percent by weight of the mono-ethyle- nically unsaturated monomer and about 1 to 15 percent by weight N-methy- lolacrylamide. More preferred as copolymers containing from about 70 to 90 percent by weight of acrylic and/or methacrylic monomers, about 0 to 25 percent by weight of the mono-ethylenically unsaturated monomer, and from about 5 to 10 percent by weight N-methyoiacrylamide. As pointed out above, the polymeric acrylic primer composition does not require the presence of an external crosslinking agent such as a melamine or urea/formaldehyde condensate.

The primer coating is applied to the base mono- or multilayer PENBB film preferably as an aqueous dispersion or latex and at a solids concentration within the range of about 0.5 to 15 percent, preferably about 3 to 10 percent by weight. The preferred solids level is such as to yield a final dry coating thickness within the range of about 1 nm to 300 nm, which translates into a solids level on a dry weight basis of from 1 mg/m2 to 300 mg/m2. The preferred thickness range of the dried PENBB copolyester primer is from 15 to 50 nm, with 25 nm being the target thickness. The thickness of the base mono- or multilayer film to which the coating is applied may range from about 1 to about 250 μm.

The coating may be applied to one or both sides of the mono- or multilayer PENBB film, or it may be applied to one side only with optionally a different coating applied to the opposite side. Additives known in the .art may be present in the coating formulation such as antistatic agents, wetting agents, surfactants, pH regulating agents, anti-oxidants, dyes, pigments, slip agents such as colloidal silica, and the like. Normally, it is desirable to in¬ clude a surfactant to enhance the wettability of the aqueous coating to the base PENBB film.

PENBB film primed with the above acrylic composition has excellent utility as a film base for the production of photosensitive reprographic films. Such films are prepared by forming a coating on a surface of the primed PENBB film of a photosensitive composition comprising an organic solvent solution of a resinous binder containing or impregnated with a light-sensitive diazionium compound, and drying said coating. Resinous binders suitable for this purpose include cellulose acetate butyrate, cellulose acetate, cellulose acetate propionate as well as vinyl polymers such as polyvinyl acetate. Suitable solvents include acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl ketone, ethylene glycol monomethyl ether and mixtures thereof. These reprographic coatings and their method of application and use are well known in the art.

Similarly the primed PENBB film of this invention forms an excellent substrate for the application of matte coatings which render the film suitable for use as a drawing or drafting material. These matte coatings may be based on an organic composition comprising a resinous binder and a finely divided particulate material which serves as a "toothing agent." The resinous binder may include the resinous materials referred to above as well as acrylic or methacrylic resins. The organic solvents may also include those listed above. Particulate materials include finely divided (less than 10 μm particle size) clays or silica. Other ingredients such as thickeners or dispersing agents may also be present in such matte formulations. Similar matte formulations are disclosed for example in British Patent No. 1 ,072,122 and U.S. Patent No. 3,624,021.

Yet another application of the primed film of this invention is as a packaging or label material. The primed biaxially oriented PENBB films de- monstrate good adhesion to organic solvent based printing inks and markedly improved UV resistance, dimensional stability and stiffness (tensile strength) when compared with unprimed films, especially unprimed PET films. These inks may comprise organic solvent dispersions or solutions of pigments and/or dyes in combination with acrylic resins or other resins and thickening agents.

Accordingly, the excellent UV resistance, dimensional stability, stiff¬ ness (tensile strength) and adhesive qualities of PENBB film primed with the crosslinked acrylic copolymer layers of this invention to organic solvent based coatings applied thereto renders such film of more universal utility to the manufacturer of finished reprographic, graphic and packaging products.

Reprographic adhesion (Repro) is evaluated using a lacquer comprising (in parts by weight) 9 parts cellulose acetate butyrate of "20 second" grade dissolved in a mixture of 88 parts ethylene glycol monomethyl ether (methyl cellosolve) and 3 parts methyl ethyl ketone with Rhodamine B dye added for color (3 parts of a 1 percent Rhodamine B dye in n-butanol). The lacquer is applied to the coated surface of the film by means of a wire-wound bar, Meyer rod No. 70, and cured in an oven for 5 minutes at 60β C. The coating is scored with a cross-hatched pattern by means of scalpel. A strip of adhe¬ sive tape (Scotch tape 610) is adhered to the cross-hatched area, rubbed with a fingernail to insure intimate contact and then pulled rapidly from the film. The amount of lacquer remaining in the cross-hatched area is expressed as a percentage of the amount remaining, i.e. no lacquer removed = 100 percent adhesion, all lacquer removed = 0 percent adhesion with intermedia¬ te adhesion values being assessed in terms of the proportion of lacquer area remaining adhered to the film. The test is done twice on two sheets (total of

4 areas tested) and the adhesion value reported as that of the test area showing the most failure.

Repro test results demonstrating less than 95 percent adhesion are not generally considered acceptable, whereas test results approaching or equaling 100 percent adhesion are the target standard.

The mechanical properties are measured in a tensile testing machine made by Zwick (Ulm, Germany) on 15 mm wide strips of film. The initial distance between the chucks is 100 mm and the crosshead speed is 100 mm/min for strength determination and 10 mm/min for the tensile modulus determination.

The UV resistance is tested by measuring the retention of tensile elongation after exposure to UV light in a "Suntest" apparatus manufactured by Heraeus (Hanau, Germany) for 14 days.

The following example is illustrative of the invention.

EXAMPLE A latex comprising 4.5 percent by weight solids of a copolymer of 60 weight percent of methyl methacrylate, 35 weight percent ethyl acrylate, and

5 weight percent of N-methyloiacrylamide, and a surfactant are applied as a primer coating to a PENBB film which is made of 289 parts by weight of dimethyl 2,6-naphthalene dicarboxylate, 322 parts by weight of dimethyl 4,4'-bibenzoate, 368 parts by weight of ethylene glycol. Granules of this polymer, having a melting point of 281 °C are melted in a single screw ex¬ truder at temperatures of 280 to 320°C and extruded through a sheet die onto a cooling roll, temperature controlled at 30°C. A 120 μm thick film is obtained which is clear and transparent. Its density is 1.31 g/cm3. This pre- film is then sequentially biaxially oriented. The longitudinally drawn film is corona treated by a corona discharge apparatus and thereinafter coated with the latex described above by reverse gravure coating. The corona treated longitudinally drawn, coated film is dried at a temperature of about 100°C. Thereafter the film is stretched in the transverse direction. The biaxially drawn film is heat set at a temperature of 230°C. These heat treatments result in the crosslinking of the primer coating.

The thus obtained primer coated PENBB film shows the following characteristics compared to a similarly coated PET film.

TABLE 1

As is evident from the above table, stiffness (tensile strength, tensile modulus), elongation at break, shrinkage, and UV resistance are improved as compared to similarly coated PET films. The film produced according to the above example is tested for reprographic adhesion as set forth above and provides greater than 95 percent adhesion as compared with a control uncoa- ted polyester film which exhibited 0 percent adhesion.

Claims

THAT WHICH IS CLAIMED IS:
1. Primer coated, biaxially oriented self-supporting, mono- or multilayer copolyester film, wherein the copolyester is PENBB and wherein the primer coating contains an acrylic polymer.
2. Primer coated biaxially oriented copolyester film according to Claim 1, wherein the primer coating consists essentially of a copolymer of at least 50 percent by weight of polymerized acrylic and/or methacrylic monomers, from 1 to 15 percent by weight of a copolymerized functional group containing comonomer which in the copolymerized state is capable of inter-molecular crosslinking by the application of heat.
3. Primer coated biaxially oriented copolyester film according to Claim 1 or 2, wherein the primer coating contains from 0 to 49 percent by weight of one or more halogen-free mono-ethylenically unsaturated copolymerized monomers.
4. Claim 2 or 3, wherein said functional group present in said functional group containing monomer is selected from the group consisting of amine, amide, acid anhydride, N-methylol, carboxyl, hydroxyl, epoxy and isocyanate.
5. Primer coated biaxially oriented copolyester film according to Claim 2, 3 or 4, wherein said functional group containing comonomer is selected from the group consisting of N-methylolacrylamide and N-methylolmethacrylamide.
6. Primer coated biaxially oriented copolyester film according to any one or more of the preceding claims, wherein the coating is applied on one surfa¬ ce of the film.
7. Primer coated biaxially oriented copolyester film according to Claims 1- 5, wherein the coating is applied on both surfaces of the film.
8. Primer coated biaxially oriented copolyester film according to any one or more of the preceding claims, wherein the film is a monolayer film.
9. Primer coated biaxially oriented copolyester film according to any one or more of the preceding claims with a birefringeance < 0,2.
10. Primer coated biaxially oriented copolyester film according to any one or more of the preceding claims wherein the PENBB has an IV of > 0.5 dl/g.
1 1. Use of the primer coated biaxially oriented copolyester film according s to claim 1 as a packaging film.
12. Use of the primer coated biaxially oriented copolyester film according o claim 1 as a reprographic film.
PCT/US1992/010699 1992-12-09 1992-12-09 Copolyester film primed with acrylic polymers WO1994013476A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/US1992/010699 WO1994013476A1 (en) 1992-12-09 1992-12-09 Copolyester film primed with acrylic polymers
EP19930900176 EP0671994A4 (en) 1992-12-09 1992-12-09 Copolyester film primed with acrylic polymers.

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Cited By (42)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0674584A1 (en) * 1992-12-09 1995-10-04 Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft Biaxially oriented penbb film for glazing, optical and weatherable applications
US6149995A (en) * 1998-03-25 2000-11-21 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Transparent polyester film with high oxygen barrier, its use and process for its production
US6200511B1 (en) 1998-03-25 2001-03-13 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Polyester film having a high oxygen barrier and improved adhesion to metal layers its use and process for its production
US6214440B1 (en) 1998-10-29 2001-04-10 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Coextruded, biaxially oriented polyester film for metallizing, its use and process for its production
US6238782B1 (en) 1998-09-02 2001-05-29 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Biaxially oriented polyester film having more than one layer
US6261663B1 (en) 1998-04-22 2001-07-17 Mitsubishi Polyster Film Gmbh Single-layer, biaxially oriented polyester film, its use, and process for its production
EP1116745A1 (en) * 1998-09-25 2001-07-18 Yupo Corporation Thermoplastic resin film and label sheet comprising the same
US6280833B1 (en) 1998-07-31 2001-08-28 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Biaxially oriented polypropylene film having more than one layer, its use, and process for its production
US6291053B1 (en) 1997-09-23 2001-09-18 Hoechst Diafoil Gmbh Multilayer biaxially oriented polyester film, and the use thereof, and process for the production thereof
US6358604B1 (en) 1998-07-31 2002-03-19 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Matte, coextruded polyester film, its use and process for its production
US6376042B1 (en) 1998-04-22 2002-04-23 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Biaxially oriented polyester film having more than one layer; its use; and process for its production
US6383585B2 (en) 1998-03-25 2002-05-07 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Sealable polyester film with high oxygen barrier, its use and process for its production
US6391410B1 (en) 1998-03-25 2002-05-21 Mitsubishi Polyester Film, Gmbh Use of a transparent polyester film as a gas/flavor barrier film
US6410132B1 (en) 1998-09-16 2002-06-25 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Biaxially oriented polypropylene film, the use of the film and process for its production
US6409862B1 (en) 1998-08-27 2002-06-25 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Process for producing biaxially oriented PET films and use of the same for SMD-technology film capacitors
EP1251003A2 (en) * 2001-04-18 2002-10-23 Mitsubishi Polyester Film GmbH Transparent, multilayer, biaxially oriented polyester film, its use and process for its production
US6528144B2 (en) 1997-09-23 2003-03-04 Hoechst Diafoil Gmbh Biaxially oriented polyester film, the use thereof, and process for the production thereof
US6534169B2 (en) 1998-03-25 2003-03-18 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Polyester film with a high oxygen barrier, the use of the film and process for its production
US6537647B2 (en) 1998-03-25 2003-03-25 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Polyester film with surface topography matched to the intended use, the use of the film and process for its production
US6551686B1 (en) 1998-04-01 2003-04-22 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Biaxially oriented polyester film having more than one layer, process for its production, and its use as magnetic tape film
US6565936B1 (en) 1998-11-03 2003-05-20 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Film laminate comprising a biaxially oriented polyester film with high oxygen barrier, its use and a process for its production
US6641924B1 (en) 1999-07-14 2003-11-04 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh White, biaxially oriented polyester film with cycloolefin copolymer (COC), process for producing the film, and its use
US6730406B2 (en) 2000-01-20 2004-05-04 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Matt, UV stable, flame-retardant co-extruded polyester film, a method for the production thereof and the use of the same
US6872460B2 (en) 2000-01-20 2005-03-29 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Matt, UV-stable, Thermoformable, co-extruded polyester film, a method for the production thereof and the use of the same
US6946192B2 (en) 1998-03-25 2005-09-20 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Transparent polyester film with high oxygen barrier and additional functionality, its use and process for its production
US7056573B2 (en) 2000-01-20 2006-06-06 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Matt, UV-stable, co-extruded polyester film, a method for the production thereof and the use of the same
US7122239B2 (en) 2000-07-20 2006-10-17 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Opaque polyester film containing a cyclic olefin copolymer (COC) with good surface attachment, method for producing the same and use thereof
US7141307B2 (en) 2004-06-26 2006-11-28 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Extrusion-coatable polyester film comprising poly(m-xyleneadipamide)
EP1728815A1 (en) 2005-06-01 2006-12-06 Mitsubishi Polyester Film GmbH White opaque film with low transparency with high dielectric strength
US7182997B2 (en) 2000-02-19 2007-02-27 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Opaque, white film with low transparency made from a crystallizable thermoplastic and having additional functionality
US7189452B2 (en) 2004-07-06 2007-03-13 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Matt, thermoformable, IR-reflective polyester film
US7189451B2 (en) 2004-07-06 2007-03-13 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Multilayer, matt, thermoformable, IR-reflective polyester film
US7205040B2 (en) 2003-11-10 2007-04-17 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Peelable polyester film having improved oxygen barrier, process for its production and its use
US7211306B2 (en) 2003-11-10 2007-05-01 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Peelable polyester film with self-venting, process for its production and its use
US7329453B2 (en) 2003-11-10 2008-02-12 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh White, heatsealable, peelable polyester film, process for its production and its use
US7384684B2 (en) 2004-10-12 2008-06-10 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Polyester film with hydrophilic coating, process for its production and its use
US7396578B2 (en) 2003-11-10 2008-07-08 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Adhesion-promoted , heatsealable and peelable polyester film, process for its production and its use
US7588816B2 (en) 2006-05-18 2009-09-15 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Biaxially oriented polyester film for heat-metal lamination
DE102009021713A1 (en) 2009-05-18 2010-11-25 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Peelable, transparent polyester film for nonpolar substrates with Antifog
US8158230B2 (en) 2007-11-06 2012-04-17 Mitsubishi Polyester Film, Inc. Tamper evident composite film
EP3248777A1 (en) 2016-05-27 2017-11-29 Mitsubishi Polyester Film GmbH Heat-sealable and peelable polyester film, method for their preparation and their use
EP3321083A1 (en) 2016-11-11 2018-05-16 Mitsubishi Polyester Film GmbH Biaxial heat-sealable and peelable polyester films, method for their preparation and their use

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US4571363A (en) * 1983-12-12 1986-02-18 American Hoechst Corporation Polyester film primed with crosslinked acrylic polymers
US4592953A (en) * 1983-12-12 1986-06-03 American Hoechst Corporation Polyester film primed with crosslinked vinyl acetate polymers
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US4592953A (en) * 1983-12-12 1986-06-03 American Hoechst Corporation Polyester film primed with crosslinked vinyl acetate polymers
US4556606A (en) * 1983-12-30 1985-12-03 General Electric Company UV-Stabilized coated polyester-carbonate articles and process
US5128206A (en) * 1989-03-08 1992-07-07 Rhone-Poulenc Chimie Composite polyester films as final coating supports

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See also references of EP0671994A4 *

Cited By (51)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0674584A1 (en) * 1992-12-09 1995-10-04 Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft Biaxially oriented penbb film for glazing, optical and weatherable applications
EP0674584A4 (en) * 1992-12-09 1995-11-22 Hoechst Ag Biaxially oriented penbb film for glazing, optical and weatherable applications.
US6291053B1 (en) 1997-09-23 2001-09-18 Hoechst Diafoil Gmbh Multilayer biaxially oriented polyester film, and the use thereof, and process for the production thereof
US6528144B2 (en) 1997-09-23 2003-03-04 Hoechst Diafoil Gmbh Biaxially oriented polyester film, the use thereof, and process for the production thereof
US6383585B2 (en) 1998-03-25 2002-05-07 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Sealable polyester film with high oxygen barrier, its use and process for its production
US6537647B2 (en) 1998-03-25 2003-03-25 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Polyester film with surface topography matched to the intended use, the use of the film and process for its production
US6200511B1 (en) 1998-03-25 2001-03-13 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Polyester film having a high oxygen barrier and improved adhesion to metal layers its use and process for its production
US6946192B2 (en) 1998-03-25 2005-09-20 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Transparent polyester film with high oxygen barrier and additional functionality, its use and process for its production
US6391410B1 (en) 1998-03-25 2002-05-21 Mitsubishi Polyester Film, Gmbh Use of a transparent polyester film as a gas/flavor barrier film
US6149995A (en) * 1998-03-25 2000-11-21 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Transparent polyester film with high oxygen barrier, its use and process for its production
US6534169B2 (en) 1998-03-25 2003-03-18 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Polyester film with a high oxygen barrier, the use of the film and process for its production
US6551686B1 (en) 1998-04-01 2003-04-22 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Biaxially oriented polyester film having more than one layer, process for its production, and its use as magnetic tape film
US6376042B1 (en) 1998-04-22 2002-04-23 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Biaxially oriented polyester film having more than one layer; its use; and process for its production
US6261663B1 (en) 1998-04-22 2001-07-17 Mitsubishi Polyster Film Gmbh Single-layer, biaxially oriented polyester film, its use, and process for its production
US6280833B1 (en) 1998-07-31 2001-08-28 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Biaxially oriented polypropylene film having more than one layer, its use, and process for its production
US6358604B1 (en) 1998-07-31 2002-03-19 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Matte, coextruded polyester film, its use and process for its production
US6409862B1 (en) 1998-08-27 2002-06-25 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Process for producing biaxially oriented PET films and use of the same for SMD-technology film capacitors
US6238782B1 (en) 1998-09-02 2001-05-29 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Biaxially oriented polyester film having more than one layer
US6410132B1 (en) 1998-09-16 2002-06-25 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Biaxially oriented polypropylene film, the use of the film and process for its production
US7914887B2 (en) 1998-09-25 2011-03-29 Yupo Corporation Thermoplastic resin film and label paper employing the same
EP1116745A1 (en) * 1998-09-25 2001-07-18 Yupo Corporation Thermoplastic resin film and label sheet comprising the same
EP1116745A4 (en) * 1998-09-25 2005-04-13 Yupo Corp Thermoplastic resin film and label sheet comprising the same
US6214440B1 (en) 1998-10-29 2001-04-10 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Coextruded, biaxially oriented polyester film for metallizing, its use and process for its production
US6565936B1 (en) 1998-11-03 2003-05-20 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Film laminate comprising a biaxially oriented polyester film with high oxygen barrier, its use and a process for its production
US6641924B1 (en) 1999-07-14 2003-11-04 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh White, biaxially oriented polyester film with cycloolefin copolymer (COC), process for producing the film, and its use
US6730406B2 (en) 2000-01-20 2004-05-04 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Matt, UV stable, flame-retardant co-extruded polyester film, a method for the production thereof and the use of the same
US7056573B2 (en) 2000-01-20 2006-06-06 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Matt, UV-stable, co-extruded polyester film, a method for the production thereof and the use of the same
US6872460B2 (en) 2000-01-20 2005-03-29 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Matt, UV-stable, Thermoformable, co-extruded polyester film, a method for the production thereof and the use of the same
US7182997B2 (en) 2000-02-19 2007-02-27 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Opaque, white film with low transparency made from a crystallizable thermoplastic and having additional functionality
US7122239B2 (en) 2000-07-20 2006-10-17 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Opaque polyester film containing a cyclic olefin copolymer (COC) with good surface attachment, method for producing the same and use thereof
EP1251003A3 (en) * 2001-04-18 2004-06-02 Mitsubishi Polyester Film GmbH Transparent, multilayer, biaxially oriented polyester film, its use and process for its production
EP1251003A2 (en) * 2001-04-18 2002-10-23 Mitsubishi Polyester Film GmbH Transparent, multilayer, biaxially oriented polyester film, its use and process for its production
US6866920B2 (en) 2001-04-18 2005-03-15 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Transparent, multilayer, biaxially oriented polyester film, and process for its production
US7329453B2 (en) 2003-11-10 2008-02-12 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh White, heatsealable, peelable polyester film, process for its production and its use
US7396578B2 (en) 2003-11-10 2008-07-08 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Adhesion-promoted , heatsealable and peelable polyester film, process for its production and its use
US7205040B2 (en) 2003-11-10 2007-04-17 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Peelable polyester film having improved oxygen barrier, process for its production and its use
US7211306B2 (en) 2003-11-10 2007-05-01 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Peelable polyester film with self-venting, process for its production and its use
US7141307B2 (en) 2004-06-26 2006-11-28 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Extrusion-coatable polyester film comprising poly(m-xyleneadipamide)
US7189452B2 (en) 2004-07-06 2007-03-13 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Matt, thermoformable, IR-reflective polyester film
US7189451B2 (en) 2004-07-06 2007-03-13 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Multilayer, matt, thermoformable, IR-reflective polyester film
US7384684B2 (en) 2004-10-12 2008-06-10 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Polyester film with hydrophilic coating, process for its production and its use
US7238419B2 (en) 2005-06-01 2007-07-03 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh White opaque film having low transparency and improved dielectric strength
EP1728815A1 (en) 2005-06-01 2006-12-06 Mitsubishi Polyester Film GmbH White opaque film with low transparency with high dielectric strength
US7588816B2 (en) 2006-05-18 2009-09-15 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Biaxially oriented polyester film for heat-metal lamination
US8158230B2 (en) 2007-11-06 2012-04-17 Mitsubishi Polyester Film, Inc. Tamper evident composite film
DE102009021713A1 (en) 2009-05-18 2010-11-25 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Peelable, transparent polyester film for nonpolar substrates with Antifog
EP2263868A2 (en) 2009-05-18 2010-12-22 Mitsubishi Polyester Film GmbH Peelable transparent polyester film for unpolar substrates with anti-fog coating
EP3248777A1 (en) 2016-05-27 2017-11-29 Mitsubishi Polyester Film GmbH Heat-sealable and peelable polyester film, method for their preparation and their use
DE102016209214A1 (en) 2016-05-27 2017-11-30 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh Heatsealable and peelable polyester film, process for their preparation and their use
DE102016222146A1 (en) 2016-11-11 2018-05-17 Mitsubishi Polyester Film Gmbh A biaxially oriented, heat-sealable and peelable polyester film, process for their preparation and their use
EP3321083A1 (en) 2016-11-11 2018-05-16 Mitsubishi Polyester Film GmbH Biaxial heat-sealable and peelable polyester films, method for their preparation and their use

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Publication number Publication date Type
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