WO1994010675A1 - Display system - Google Patents

Display system Download PDF

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Publication number
WO1994010675A1
WO1994010675A1 PCT/GB1993/002254 GB9302254W WO9410675A1 WO 1994010675 A1 WO1994010675 A1 WO 1994010675A1 GB 9302254 W GB9302254 W GB 9302254W WO 9410675 A1 WO9410675 A1 WO 9410675A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
means
light
system according
discharge lamp
display system
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/GB1993/002254
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Martin Kavanagh
Original Assignee
Rank Brimar Limited
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to GB929223114A priority Critical patent/GB9223114D0/en
Priority to GB9223114.1 priority
Application filed by Rank Brimar Limited filed Critical Rank Brimar Limited
Publication of WO1994010675A1 publication Critical patent/WO1994010675A1/en

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/34Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source
    • G09G3/3433Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source using light modulating elements actuated by an electric field and being other than liquid crystal devices and electrochromic devices
    • G09G3/346Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source using light modulating elements actuated by an electric field and being other than liquid crystal devices and electrochromic devices based on modulation of the reflection angle, e.g. micromirrors
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/34Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source
    • G09G3/3406Control of illumination source
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N3/00Scanning details of television systems; Combination thereof with generation of supply voltages
    • H04N3/10Scanning details of television systems; Combination thereof with generation of supply voltages by means not exclusively optical-mechanical
    • H04N3/12Scanning details of television systems; Combination thereof with generation of supply voltages by means not exclusively optical-mechanical by switched stationary formation of lamps, photocells or light relays
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N5/00Details of television systems
    • H04N5/74Projection arrangements for image reproduction, e.g. using eidophor
    • H04N5/7416Projection arrangements for image reproduction, e.g. using eidophor involving the use of a spatial light modulator, e.g. a light valve, controlled by a video signal
    • H04N5/7458Projection arrangements for image reproduction, e.g. using eidophor involving the use of a spatial light modulator, e.g. a light valve, controlled by a video signal the modulator being an array of deformable mirrors, e.g. digital micromirror device [DMD]
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B41/00Circuit arrangements or apparatus for igniting or operating discharge lamps
    • H05B41/14Circuit arrangements
    • H05B41/36Controlling
    • H05B41/38Controlling the intensity of light
    • H05B41/39Controlling the intensity of light continuously
    • H05B41/392Controlling the intensity of light continuously using semiconductor devices, e.g. thyristor
    • H05B41/3921Controlling the intensity of light continuously using semiconductor devices, e.g. thyristor with possibility of light intensity variations
    • H05B41/3922Controlling the intensity of light continuously using semiconductor devices, e.g. thyristor with possibility of light intensity variations and measurement of the incident light
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2310/00Command of the display device
    • G09G2310/02Addressing, scanning or driving the display screen or processing steps related thereto
    • G09G2310/0237Switching ON and OFF the backlight within one frame
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2320/00Control of display operating conditions
    • G09G2320/06Adjustment of display parameters
    • G09G2320/0626Adjustment of display parameters for control of overall brightness
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2320/00Control of display operating conditions
    • G09G2320/06Adjustment of display parameters
    • G09G2320/0626Adjustment of display parameters for control of overall brightness
    • G09G2320/0633Adjustment of display parameters for control of overall brightness by amplitude modulation of the brightness of the illumination source
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2360/00Aspects of the architecture of display systems
    • G09G2360/14Detecting light within display terminals, e.g. using a single or a plurality of photosensors
    • G09G2360/145Detecting light within display terminals, e.g. using a single or a plurality of photosensors the light originating from the display screen
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/2007Display of intermediate tones
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/2007Display of intermediate tones
    • G09G3/2077Display of intermediate tones by a combination of two or more gradation control methods
    • G09G3/2081Display of intermediate tones by a combination of two or more gradation control methods with combination of amplitude modulation and time modulation
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/34Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source
    • G09G3/36Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source using liquid crystals
    • G09G3/3611Control of matrices with row and column drivers

Abstract

A display system includes an arc lamp (1) effective to direct light onto a number of spatial light modulator devices (3, 13, 15). A control circuit (39) is provided effective to modulate the output of the arc lamp (1) in synchronisation with the switching of the spatial light modulator devices.

Description

DISPLAY SYSTEM

This invention relates to display systems. The invention has particular, although not exclusive, relevance to display systems including a projection system in which light from a light source is modulated by a spatial light modulator device, the modulated light then being projected onto a display.

Spatial light modulators may take several forms.

Generally, spatial light modulators may be divided into two types, that is temporally modulated spatial light modulators and amplitude modulated spatial light modulators. One example of a temporally modulated spatial light modulator is a deformable mirror device as described for example in "Deformable Mirror Spatial Light Modulators" by Hornbeck, published in Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 1150, 6-11 August 1989 in San Diego, California, USA. Such devices comprise an array of mirrored cantilever beam structures, each structure carrying an electrode so as to be electrostatically deflectable between two positions. Thus dependent on the electric field applied to the device, each structure will reflect an incident light beam into one of two alternative light paths, either towards an optical system for projection onto a display or into a beam dump. Using an array of such structures, each structure being individually addressable, a two dimensional image can be reproduced. The small size and fast switching times of each structure makes such devices usable at video picture data rates enabling the display of television or video moving images on a display screen onto which the reflected and collated beam is projected.

There is however difficulty in displaying low level grey scales using such devices. Generally low level grey scales reguire a very short burst of light from the deformable mirror device. Thus leads to difficulties in timing the bursts of light because of the finite response time of the spatial light modulator. Furthermore it is necessary to blank the display screen whilst addressing each of the cantilever beam structures whenever the address time exceeds the display period. This leads to dead time in the display device. Finally, artefacts may be produced due to the variable display times of light for each of the grey-scale levels displayed in each picture frame. An example of an amplitude modulated spatial light modulator is a liquid crystal device comprising a matrix of individually addressable liquid crystal pixels. In such devices, the grey scale is generated by altering the transmission or reflection of each pixel of the liquid crystal device. Such amplitude modulated spatial light modulators also experience problems where it is necessary to display low level grey scales as incident light which is not transmitted (or reflected) by the pixels of the liquid crystal device will be absorbed by the pixels and converted into heat. Furthermore, the discrete nature of the amplitude modulation on a pixel by pixel basis leads to problems of linearity in the grey scale of the light projected on the display, and also problems in general uniformity from area to area of the matrix of pixels.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a display system of the type including a temporally modulated spatial light modulator device wherein the above problems may be at least alleviated. According to a first aspect of the present invention there is provided a display system including a light source arranged to direct light onto at least one switchable light modulator device, the system including means for modulating the light output of the light source.

According to a second aspect of the present invention there is provided a light source, and means for modulating the light output of the light source so as to increase the efficiency of operation of the light source.

By use of a display system in accordance with the invention, it will be seen that low level grey scales can be displayed whilst avoiding the problems inherent in prior art systems.

It is a feature of the invention that normally amplitude modulated spatial light modulator devices may be operated in a binary manner with the grey scales being operated by temporal modulation. Thus switchable light modulator device may be either a temporally modulated or an amplitude modulated spatial light modulator device. A nwnber of display systems in accordance with embodiments of the invention will now be described, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying figures in whic :-

Figure 1 is a schematic diagram of a display system;

Figure 2 is a schematic diagram of a spatial light modulator array incorporated in Figure 1;

Figure 3 illustrates the illumination of an element of the device of Figure 2;

Figure 4 is a block schematic diagram of the circuitry used in the power supply circuit for the lamp in the system of Figure 1 in a first embodiment of the invention; and

Figure 5 is a block schematic diagram of alternative circuitry used in the power supply circuit for the lamp of Figure 1 in a second embodiment of the invention. Referring firstly to Figure 1, the particular example of a display system to be described is arranged to project a colour image onto a display screen. The display system includes a light source 1 which may take any suitable form, for example an arc lamp. The light source 1 is arranged such that the beam from the source is directed onto a planar deformable mirror display device 3 which is in turn arranged to deflect the incident beam so as to direct the beam through a projection lens 5 onto the display screen 7.

Positioned in the light path between the light source 1 and the deformable mirror device 3 are two dichroic mirrors 9, 11. The first mirror 9 is designed and angled to reflect blue light onto a second planar deformable mirror display device 13 and transmit all other incident light. The second dichroic mirror 11 is designed and angled so as to reflect red light onto a third planar deformable mirror device and transmit the remaining green component of the light from the source 1 onto the first deformable mirror display device 3. Referring now also to Figures 2 and 3, each deformable mirror device 3, 13, 15 comprises an array of x n deflectable mirror devices, typically 500 x

500 devices for a low resolution display system or 2000 x 2000 devices for a high resolution display system. Each array 17 is connected to an addressing circuit which receives an electronic colour video signal from the control circuit indicated as 21 and addresses each of the mirror devices M 1.1, M n as,' for example, described in the applicants' earlier International Patent Application number PCT/GB92/00002 dated 2nd January 1992 (incorporated herein by reference). Dependent on the applied address signal, each mirror device is caused to take one of two different positions corresponding to an "on state" in which the reflected light is directed in a first path 23 and an "off state" in which the reflected light is directed in a second path 25. The second path 25 is chosen such that light reflected along this direction is directed away from the optical axis of the display system and thus does not pass into the projection lens 5. Thus, each array 17 is capable of representing a two dimensional image, those mirror devices which are set to the "on state" appearing bright and those which are set to the "off state" appearing dark. By varying the ratio of the "on" period to "off" period, a temporal modulation means of providing grey scale can be achieved as described in earlier UK Patent Application No 2251511. Typically, the display period is divided into a binary sequence of time periods so that the darker elements comprise very short flashes of light.

Turning now particularly to Figure 3 the angle through which each mirror device is deflected between the "on state" and the "off state" is relatively small. Thus in order to achieve good discrimination between the on and off states the incident light beam 27 from the source 1 is directed towards each spatial light modulator 3, 13, 15 at an angle c^ measured

from the normal to each device of around 20°.

When an individual mirror device M is lying at rest parallel to the plane of the array 17, the incident beam 27 is reflected at a corresponding angle

of 20 to the normal along an "off" path 25 into a beam dump (not shown). When the control signal from the addressing circuit 19 sets the mirror device M into a first deflection state at first angle to the plane of the array 17, the incident beam 27 is reflected along the direction 22 in a further "off" path into the beam dump. When the control signal from the addressing circuit 19 sets the mirror device M into a second deflection state at a second angle to the plane of the array 17, the incident beam 27 is reflected out along the normal to the array along the "on" path 23.

As so far described, the display system is of known form. Turning now to Figure 4, however, in order to enable low level grey scales to be displayed on the screen 7, using the system as described above, the light source 1 is arranged to have a modulated output as will now be described.

Referring to Figure 4, the supply circuit for the light source 1 includes an electro-magnetic interference filter 29 connected across the AC mains input, a power factor correction circuit 31, an energy storage circuit 33 including a large valued storage capacitor, a rectifier circuit 35 and an ignition circuit 37. All these circuit components are common to most lamp supply circuits, and thus their form will be apparent to anyone skilled in the art of lamp supply circuit design. The supply circuit for the light source 1 differs however from known circuits, however, in that it includes a light output control circuit 39. This control circuit 39 has an input of modulation signals synchronised with the signals from the control circuit 21 provided to the spatial light modulators 3, 13, 15. Control signals from the light output control circuit 39 are provided to a converter and current regulator circuit 42 whose output is in turn full wave rectified by rectifier 35. The light output control circuit 39 also provides start signals to the ignition circuit 37.

A photo detector 41 is arranged in the periphery of the light produced by the light source 1, so as not to intercept the light passing onto the modulators 3,

13, 15 but to provide an indication of the amplitude of the light produced by the source 1. If necessary, a partially reflective mirror, such as that indicated as 43 in Figure 1, may be placed in the light path from the source 1, so as to divert a small portion of the output of the source 1 into the detector 41. The signals from the photo detector 41 are fed back to the light output control circuit 39 so as to modify the control signals provided to the converter and current regulator 42. Thus the amplitude of the light produced by the light source is stabilised in accordance with the input to control circuit 39. Furthermore, start signals are provided to the ignition circuit 37 when the photodetector 41 detects no light from the light source 1 so as to enable the light source to be reignited where the current through the lamp is insufficient to maintain the arc in the light source 1. This is in addition to the normal function of the ignition circuit when the projector system is initially turned on.

The input modulation signals provided to the control circuit 39 are designed to alter the amplitude of the light source 1 several times (typically 12) during each picture frame of the displayed image in synchronism with the switching cycles of the spatial light modulators 3,13,15. Each pixel may be "on" or "off" for each amplitude of the lamp. It will be seen that by such a means grey scale can be achieved by digital modulation of a light modulator without the problems inherent in prior art systems. The spatial light modulators 3, 13, 15 need to be switched once per lamp amplitude level per frame of the picture being displayed on the screen 7. The display periods can be made long enough to avoid the necessity for blanking the screen 7 during data loading when low level grey scales need to be displayed, and can conveniently be made equal.

It is found that timing of the switching of the spatial light modulators 3, 13, 15 is easier to achieve in a consistent manner than in prior art systems because of the relatively long and usually equal display periods. The time for addressing the spatial light modulators 3, 13, 15 can easily be arranged to be less than the minimum display period, thus avoiding dead periods on the screen 7. As the display times are usually equal, artefacts produced as a result of short variable display times are reduced. There is now potential to increase the number of grey scale levels.

It is found that there are other benefits to be gained in a system in accordance with the invention in terms of light source efficiency. Where the light source is an arc lamp, lamp efficiency is found to rise considerably with input power. By running the light source at its rated average power but modulating it in a binary manner so as to produce the necessary grey scale in the image projected on the screen as described above, it is found that the peak power into the lamp rises by a factor of approximately 4. This gives a six-fold increase in light output for peak power levels because of improved lamp efficiency. During the times that the low level grey scales are displayed the light source will be run at very low power levels, that is the output of the light source and its efficiency will be low. As this inefficient operation only occurs at the low brightness and power end of the grey scale it has little effect on the system efficiency. Generally, it is found that the overall effect of lamp modulation is typically a light output gain of 40% for a given lamp power averaged over lOmS periods, based on a series of continuous amplitude levels applied to the lamp without off periods.

Turning now to Figure 5, this figure shows a second embodiment of a control circuit for the light source 1. As many of the components are similar to those shown in Figure 4 like components are correspondingly numbered. The circuit of Figure 5 differs from that of Figure 4 however in that the supply is based on multiple capacitor discharge. Accordingly a number of capacitors 43,, 432, ••• 3„

are provided between a converter and charge control circuit and rectifier all indicated as 45, and a corresponding number of switches 47.., 47-..., 47... The

switches 47...... 47-. operate under control of control

signals from the control circuit 39 so as to selectively switch the capacitors 43...... 43„ to

the lamp via the ignition circuit 37. The charge provided by the chosen capacitor 43...... 43„ is

used to create a very short, intense flash of light of amplitude determined by the charge on the capacitor. Between flashes charge from the energy storage capacitor 33, as modified by a simmer control circuit 49, is used to ensure that the arc of the arc lamp is kept alight. Thus by this means shorter, brighter flashes of light can be achieved by appropriate choice of capacitor 43 than by use of the circuit of Figure 4. Each flash represents the light for a level of the digital grey scale and is synchronised to the switching operation of the deformable mirror devices 3, 13, 15. Furthermore, these short flashes of light enable more efficient operation of the lamp a by use of the circuit of Figure 4. The use of the loop from the energy storage circuit provides further efficiency gains as the necessity to keep reigniting the arc lamp is avoided. It is found however that the power supply is the main limitation in such circuits, it being very difficult to extinguish an arc where there are short periods of low or zero power. Thus the loop from the energy storage capacitor 33 to the ignition circuit 37 may be omitted in many cases.

It will be appreciated that in either of the lamp supply circuits described herebefore, where a whole frame of a specific level of the grey scale is not to be displayed on the screen 7, the light source 1 does not have to turn on and remains at "simmer" level so as to prevent the necessity of reignition. This thus saves lamp life and reduces heat in the display system.

It will also be appreciated that whilst the embodiments described herebefore utilise temporally modulated light valve systems in the form of deformable mirror devices, the invention is equally applicable to amplitude modulated spatial light modulators, for example liquid crystal arrays. It will be appreciated that although such spatial light modulators can be operated so as to have inherent grey scale, they can also by use of a system in accordance with the invention be operated in an on/off mode. This thus avoids linearity errors over large scale spatial light modulators such as large scale liquid crystal arrays. Furthermore the problem of heat dissipation in amplitude modulated spatial light modulator systems where low level grey scales are being projected are avoided. Even without taking the lamp grey scale approach, such systems could benefit from the more efficient lamp arising from a continuous pulsed operation.

It will also be appreciated that whilst arc lamps form a particularly appropriate light source for use in a display system in accordance with the invention, any form of light source may be used, for example a fluorescent lamp, or an incandescent lamp.

It will be appreciated that the principle of modulation of light sources can be extended to the drive circuits for discharge lamps in general to improve overall efficiency of the lamps. A continuous series of high energy pulses will give a marked efficiency gain relative to the average power. The rate of pulsing and peak to mean power ratio will be application dependant. By "discharge lamps" are meant such lamps as arc lamps and fluorescent lamps.

Thus, the invention can be applied to achieve level control, or efficiency gains in non-projector systems which do not use spatial light modulators, for example theatre spotlights, and fluorescent lighting fittings. The modulation input signals synchronised with the signals controlling the spatial light modulations provided to the control circuit in such lamp systems will, of course, be replaced by appropriate control signals.

It will also be appreciated that display systems in accordance with the invention, may include lamp supply circuits which are either AC or DC based.

Claims

CLAIMS :
1. A display system including a light source arranged to direct light onto at least one switchable light modulator device arranged to operate in a binary manner so as to produce grey scales by means of temporal modulation, the system including means for modulating the light output of the light source in synchronisation with the operation of the switchable light modulator device.
2. A display system according to claim 1, in which the switchable light modulator device is a spatial light modulator device.
3. A display system according to claim 2, in which the spatial light modulator device is capable of producing grey scales by means of amplitude modulation.
4. A display system according to any one of the preceding claims including means for temporally modulating the light output.
5. A display system according to claim 4, in which the light source is arranged such that the means for temporally modulating increases the efficiency of the light source.
6. A display system according to any one of the preceding claims, including means for amplitude modulating the light output.
7. A display system according to any one of the preceding claims in which the light source is a discharge lamp.
8. A display system according to claim 6 or claim 7, including a bank of energy storage means, and means for selectively connecting chosen ones of the energy storage means to the light source so as to modify the light output of the light source.
9. A display system according to claim 7 or claim 8 when dependent on claim 7, including feedback means effective to determine when the discharge lamp is not operating and to cause operation of an ignition circuit when the discharge lamp is not operating.
10. A display system according to any one of the preceding claims, including means operative to determine the light output of the light source, and means for adjusting the power supplied to the light source dependent on the determined light output.
11. A display system substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to Figure 4 or Figure 5 of the accompanying drawings.
12. A discharge lamp system including means for modulating the light output of the discharge lamp so as to increase the efficiency of the discharge lamp.
13. A system according to claim 12 in which the means for modulating amplitude modulates the output of the discharge lamp.
14. A system according to claim 12 or 13 in which the means for modulating temporally modulates the output of the discharge lamp.
15. A system according to any one of claims 12 to 14 including means operative to determine the light output of the discharge lamp, and means for adjusting the power supplied to the discharge lamp dependent on the determined light output.
16. A system according to claims 14 or 15 when dependent on claim 14 including a bank of energy storage means, and means for selectively connecting chosen ones of the energy storage means to the discharge lamp so as to modify the light output.
17. A system according to claim 15 or claim 16, including feedback means effective to determine when the discharge lamp is not operating and to cause operation of an ignition circuit.
18. A system according to any one of claims 12 to
17, including means operative to determine the light output of the discharge lamp, and means for adjusting the power supplied to the discharge lamp dependent on the determined light output.
19. An discharge lamp system substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to Figure 4 or Figure 5, of the accompanying drawings.
PCT/GB1993/002254 1992-11-04 1993-11-02 Display system WO1994010675A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB929223114A GB9223114D0 (en) 1992-11-04 1992-11-04 Display system
GB9223114.1 1992-11-04

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Publication Number Publication Date
WO1994010675A1 true WO1994010675A1 (en) 1994-05-11

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/GB1993/002254 WO1994010675A1 (en) 1992-11-04 1993-11-02 Display system

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GB (1) GB9223114D0 (en)
WO (1) WO1994010675A1 (en)

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1995011572A1 (en) * 1993-10-21 1995-04-27 Philips Electronics N.V. Image projection device and lamp control system for use therein
EP1018723A2 (en) * 1998-12-28 2000-07-12 Texas Instruments Incorporated Gradation control of a display system
EP1091342A2 (en) * 1999-10-04 2001-04-11 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Display technique of high grey scale
EP1111575A1 (en) * 1994-10-25 2001-06-27 James L. Fergason Brightness control and halftoning in optical display system
WO2002003687A2 (en) * 2000-07-03 2002-01-10 Imax Corporation Equipment and techniques for increasing the dynamic range of a projection system
WO2002039417A1 (en) * 2000-11-08 2002-05-16 Ocellar Limited Image display apparatus with a plurality of light emitting coupled each to a light generating element controlled by the former on the basis of a received light command
WO2004010710A2 (en) * 2002-07-18 2004-01-29 Philips Intellectual Property & Standards Gmbh Projection system
US6816141B1 (en) 1994-10-25 2004-11-09 Fergason Patent Properties Llc Optical display system and method, active and passive dithering using birefringence, color image superpositioning and display enhancement with phase coordinated polarization switching
WO2004112443A1 (en) * 2003-06-16 2004-12-23 Philips Intellectual Property & Standards Gmbh Projection system
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US7843416B2 (en) 1994-10-25 2010-11-30 Fergason Patent Properties, Llc Optical display system and method, active and passive dithering using birefringence, color image superpositioning and display enhancement with phase coordinated polarization switching
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US7843417B2 (en) 1994-10-25 2010-11-30 Fergason Patent Properties, Llc Optical display system and method, active and passive dithering using birefringence, color image superpositioning and display enhancement with phase coordinated polarization switching
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US7224335B2 (en) 2000-03-15 2007-05-29 Imax Corporation DMD-based image display systems
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WO2002039417A1 (en) * 2000-11-08 2002-05-16 Ocellar Limited Image display apparatus with a plurality of light emitting coupled each to a light generating element controlled by the former on the basis of a received light command
US7856055B2 (en) 2002-03-13 2010-12-21 Imax Corporation Systems and methods for digitally re-mastering or otherwise modifying motion pictures or other image sequences data
US20060097958A1 (en) * 2002-07-18 2006-05-11 Koniklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Projection system
WO2004010710A3 (en) * 2002-07-18 2004-06-03 Koninkl Philips Electronics Nv Projection system
WO2004010710A2 (en) * 2002-07-18 2004-01-29 Philips Intellectual Property & Standards Gmbh Projection system
US7425932B2 (en) 2002-07-18 2008-09-16 Koninklijke Philips Electronics, N.V. Projection system featuring light source luminuous flux sensing and compensation
US9847073B2 (en) 2003-03-10 2017-12-19 Fergason Licensing Llc Apparatus and method for preparing, storing, transmitting and displaying images
US9881588B2 (en) 2003-03-10 2018-01-30 Fergason Licensing Llc Apparatus and method for preparing, storing, transmitting and displaying images
WO2004112443A1 (en) * 2003-06-16 2004-12-23 Philips Intellectual Property & Standards Gmbh Projection system
US8251512B2 (en) 2004-07-08 2012-08-28 Imax Corporation Equipment and methods for the display of high resolution images using multiple projection displays
US7551154B2 (en) 2005-09-15 2009-06-23 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Image display system and method
WO2007040731A1 (en) * 2005-09-15 2007-04-12 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Image display system and method
US8842730B2 (en) 2006-01-27 2014-09-23 Imax Corporation Methods and systems for digitally re-mastering of 2D and 3D motion pictures for exhibition with enhanced visual quality
US9282313B2 (en) 2006-06-23 2016-03-08 Imax Corporation Methods and systems for converting 2D motion pictures for stereoscopic 3D exhibition
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