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WO1993025839A1 - Movable protection structure for hawsers, hoses, cables, pipes and similar - Google Patents

Movable protection structure for hawsers, hoses, cables, pipes and similar

Info

Publication number
WO1993025839A1
WO1993025839A1 PCT/NO1992/000110 NO9200110W WO1993025839A1 WO 1993025839 A1 WO1993025839 A1 WO 1993025839A1 NO 9200110 W NO9200110 W NO 9200110W WO 1993025839 A1 WO1993025839 A1 WO 1993025839A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
structure
fire
protection
system
joint
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/NO1992/000110
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Kyrre SJØTUN
Original Assignee
Viking Mjøndalen A/S
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16LPIPES; JOINTS OR FITTINGS FOR PIPES; SUPPORTS FOR PIPES, CABLES OR PROTECTIVE TUBING; MEANS FOR THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16L57/00Protection of pipes or objects of similar shape against external or internal damage or wear
    • F16L57/04Protection of pipes or objects of similar shape against external or internal damage or wear against fire or other external sources of extreme heat

Abstract

A protecting structure (2) for explosion vulnerable or combustible, elongated members (1) like hawsers, hoses, cables, pipes and similar comprises a movable system of successive, articulately connected and substantially cylindrical sections (3) of a fire protecting material, with a substantially axial through bore (4) for accommodating the member (1) to be protected.

Description

MOVABLE PROTECTION STRUCTURE FOR HAWSERS, HOSES, CABLES, PIPES AND SIMILAR

The present application relates to a protection structure for explosion vulnerable and combustible, elongated members like hawsers, hoses, cables, pipes and similar.

Particularly in the offshore industry, but also in other surroundings where there is a need of strong and flexible anchoring methods, it may turn out that fibre hawsers constitute a much better solution than e.g. steel chains. One obvious reason is the specific weight of steel chains as compared to the specific weight of a correspondingly strong fibre hawser. Studies have been made to the effect that steel chains give problems concerning dimensions, effect, costs, wear problems, wind problems (due to the large mass), torsion problems etc. Often a total construction may quite simply become instable when using such heavy steel products. In addition it is a well known fact that steel in maritime surroundings is rather heavily exposed to corrosion. Thus, fibre hawsers may often be a favourable replacement.

However, a need exists to protect such a hawser against fire, and in this connection the present invention has its relevance. The invention is constituted by an articulated structure surrounding and protecting the hawser, while still providing full hawser ovability.

The invention is defined precisely in the enclosed patent claims.

The protecting structure in accordance with the invention may, depending on dimensions, provide protection against a hydrocarbon fire for two or four hours, and will thus fulfil the normally set requirements for safety regarding this type of fire in oil platforms and similar. In a system where a fibre hawser of the type "Twaron" is used, a fire protected system is achieved which is equally strong as steel, but which weighs only one fifth of a steel system. The hawser together with its fire protection structure can be moved in all directions, and also a rotating movement can be imparted thereto. The protecting structure resists fire, does not corrode, is shock resistant, resistant to sea water and oil, is a low weight structure, is non-magnetic, electrically non¬ conducting and cannot cause sparking. The system is simply handled due to its flexibility and its small weight, and in many cases regarding handling, a full crew may be reduced to only one man. It should be noted that the protecting structure can be used not only for fibre hawsers, but as indicated in the introduction, also as a protection around cables, pipes and hoses.

The invention shall be described more closely in the following, while referring to the exemplary embodiment and also referring to the enclosed drawings.

In figs, la and lb are shown complete hawsers in tightened and slack conditions, with the protecting structure in place. The protecting structure consists of successive sections connected to each other by joints .in such a manner that the sections together form a movable, flexible and stretchable tube around the hawser to be protected. The material from which said sections are manufactured, is in reality the so-called "Viking Fire Stop" material, i.e. a special rubber compound with excellent fire preventing and heat insulating characteristics. However, the material itself is not of paramount importance, since it is the section-wise construction which primarily constitutes the present invention.

The single sections may display a substantially cylindrical exterior, but the expression "substantially cylindrical" shall in this context also comprise a conical shape or for instance an undulated outer contour. The assembly of many sections each of which deviating to a certain degree from a cylindrical shape, will nevertheless result in a substantially cylindrical shape when the hawser including its envelope is stretched out in a straight line.

In figs. 2a and 2b is shown the internal structure of a first embodiment of the protection system. The hawser to be protected will be located in a central bore passing through all sections. In the embodiment shown, the sections are connected by means of ball-and-socket joint connections, where the balls themselves also have the same bore, and with a conical opening in the end of each ball to provide a smooth transition to the bore of the next section. It is to be noted that when a joint is e.g. bent all the way to the outer mechanical touch position for the joint movement, the use of an elastic material (rubber in particular) entails that further deflection is possible, by elastically deforming the material itself.

In figs. 3a and b is shown a variant which is quite similar to the preceding one, but in this case more importance is attached to providing good tightening from the outer milieu toward the inner bore. This is achieved by having O-ring packings as seals in the ball joints, in fig. 3a this seal is situated in the outer joint, while in fig. 3b it is located in the inner joint. Furthermore, the outer envelope of each section is extended somewhat in relation to that which is shown in the first drawing, in order to improve the tightening.

In figs. 4a and 4b is shown a double system, i.e. the hawser to be protected runs in an inner bore and is surrounded by a first protecting structure, which itself is located in a bore in a second protecting structure. Both protecting structures utilize ball-and-socket joints, where the geometrical relations are adapted. Such a double protection system may prove very favourable.

Fig. 5 shows the end pieces of the system, where the hawser is suspended in/strapped to outside constructions, and the end sections of the system are adapted around the suspension points.

Fig. 6 shows typical dimensions of the system in connection with a parameter table, and fig. 7 shows how the tensile strength of a fibre hawser changes with temperature and time.

In addition to the fire protection, the protecting structure in question will be efficient also regarding explosion protection. The effect of an explosion pressure wave will be subdued strongly for the hawser or hose itself, and similarly other types of external stresses and shocks will be subdued.

The protecting structure consists of a number of joints, preferentially but not necessarily of the ball-and-socket type. However, a ball-and-socket connection provides very good possibilities for the joint to follow the hawser in all directions, and very small bend radii can be achieved. In addition, the ball-and-socket joint provides the axial movement necessary in order to follow the longitudinal extension of the hawser when it is exposed to a strain. When a tensile load is created in the system, the force is accomodated by the blocking action of the smallest diameter of the outer joint against the ball. See fig. 8, 0 196H8, which diameter is smaller than the top diameter of the ball-and- socket joint, 0 198H8, same figure. When this tensile load is removed, the ball joints slide into each other again, and a neutral position is established.

The ball-and-socket joints are particular in that the inner joint has a smaller radius shape R=99, see fig. 8, than the outer joint, R=100. Consequently, the joints may, when they are pressed weakly against each other, move freely and with a very small friction in relation to each other. This is an important factor when it comes to accomodating rapid movements created e.g. by arriving pressure waves from explosions and similar.

By constructing the joints connections as approximate spheres or balls, and snapping these into each other, the protecting system will maintain its radial strength at all times, and thereby render the system shock and explosion safe in all joint deflection positions.

The joint deflection is adapted in such a manner that the system simultaneously works as a bend safety means for cables, pipes, hoses, wires, chains and similar. This is a substantial advantage, safeguarding against a bend overload for the object to be protected, which object always has a smallest allowed bend radius. This feature also increases the general system safety, and reduces the need for inspection.

It should also be noted that joint connections of the type mentioned, provide a spring-like tensile connection, i.e. the articulate protection sleeve will pull itself together after a situation with a tensile load.

Another important point is that this system has a great radial strength.

There is no doubt that joint connections are previsously known, also ball-and-socket connections, however an articulate protection system of the type mentioned above, is supposedly novel. The ability to achieve free movability, torsion, bending and extension and at the same time maintaining the radial stiffness and position (impact resistance) , imply sufficient advantages to support a presumption that the system is a substantial improvement in relation to previously known products for fire and explosion protection.

For time reasons, a copy of an English language offer to a customer of the Applicant, is enclosed, and parts of this text will be merged into a more formally correct application text.

RISER CATCHER PROTECTION

3.1 System description

3.1.1 Contents

The Catcher system consists of 2 flexible layers of Viking Firestop, which cover a webbed Twaron fibre rope, which has two slings for connection to both riser and the frame. See drawing no. 26-372-303. On the end of the flexible layer there is a split end cover which fits into the flexible other layer of the Viking Firestop protection, and to the Chartec III fire protection cover which is specified used on the riser.

3.1.2 Function

The Viking Firestop layer consists of a number of joints, which are fitted together with a ball-and- socket joint connection, which gives sufficient movement for the joints to follow the rope/catcher in all directions and specified bending radiuses ( in. 1 ) .

The ball and socket joint also gives the necessary axial movement to follow the elongation on the rope which takes place. The whole catcher cover is locked between the two connection slings on both sides of the rope (see drawing) , and will therefore always be kept together and in a right and safe position.

The end protection consists of a split cover which is kept together with clamping rings, and has to be adapted to the Chartec III configuration. The dimension of the Chartec III protection cover is not shown in the drawing, therefore this end cover has to be adapted directly on the Chartec III body. We suggest that we deliver two separate catcher sets, one for workover (3,989 m and one 4,006 m) and one for drilling (7,654 m and 7, 662 m) . That will give the lightest, lean form, the easiest to handle, and the cheapest catcher altogether.

3.1.3 Dimensions

To meet your requirements of 4 hours hydrocarbon fire, we have to build up the Viking Firestop protection based on our earlier test results. From our tests with covering steel pipe (30-50 mm fire protection) and covering steel panels, with tongue and grooves, (35 mm fire protection) , see enclosed test report. Our system is generally designed for 2 hours. We have two such layers in this case.

We also think that two separate layers have a better insulation effect than the same dimension in one layer. This because of the fact that big destruc¬ tions might occur after 2 hours around the catcher, with very big vibration and mechanical breakdowns.

Then we believe that parts of the outer layer can fall off, and we still have our inner layer left with full strength for the next two hours.

3.1.4 Alternative solutions

Important reasons for this solution: Viking Mjøndalen has made a wide study on different steel chains and wire solutions used together with our Firestop material, and found that because of the dimensions, weight, cost, wear problems, wind problems (because of the heavy masses) , twist problems etc. the total construction will be unstable with this steel product. If you compare

SUBSTITUTE SHEET steel chain with webbed Twaron fibre rope regarding weight, the relation is 395 kg/m (100 tons) for steel chain and 8.,6 kg/m (150 tons) for webbed Twaron fibre rope. The dimension proportion is for the same 481 x 288 mm for steel chain and ø 100 for Twaron fibre rope. Totally Saga will save many tons of weight with our solution.

In addition comes the increase in weight and dimension of our Firestop material which makes the total cost very high.

Another important reason for using rope, is the fact that the steel beam on the upper deck EL 515000 comes very close to the catcher protection. Wear and damages may occur on the protection over a long time, using a steel solution.

3.1.5 Rope

The Twaron webbed fibre rope is a well tested rope offshore, and gives many advantages compared to steel products. The rope is delivered with Lloyds or Veritas certificate and with all relevant data sheets. See enclosed data sheet and pamphlet. In addition to the already mentioned advantages (in item 3.1.4) for the use of rope, there are other features:

With use of Twaron fibre rope we are avoiding all corrosion problems and all workover cost with regard to that.

A Twaron webbed fibre rope has a relatively slow percentage loss of strength with influence of high termperature, ses enclosed diagram for 340° from 4 to 5 hours.

A Twaron webbed fibre rope will also, because of its elaεtical property, have a suitable and important ability to withstand impact forces, for pulse

SUBSTITUTE SHEET . 8/1

lengths (see enclosed diagram) which are most common for mechanical forces in an offshore environment.

3.1.6 Maintenance work

There is no need for extra maintenance work on the catcher rope or on the Viking Firestop material itself. It is however, important to check if e.g. the fire shield "skirt" (see drawing) is in the right position, and has no damages before mounting. This can be taken care of by ordinary routine control, which has to be worked out in relation to how often the catcher is mounted on and off. That figure is not mentioned in your specification.

If there is any need of repair work, this can be done with your people, but always controlled by Viking Mjøndalen or by representatives approved by Viking Mjøndalen.

Due to your requirement of service life of 15 years it is necessary with a maintenance routine worked out together with Saga. There is no need for special tools for mounting or for maintenance work on the platform.

3.1.7 Fire protection

Consists of 2 layers with Viking Fireprotection, dimensions and configuration are described in drawing P26-373-302, 303 and 304.

From our earlier tests we have only tested our Firestop material for 2 hours against a hydrocarbon fire of 1100°C.

We cannot be sure of how our Firestop material 8/2 behaves with an increase in the thickness only, and there is also a limitation in the production regarding thickness.

There is a need for fire testing of this dimension and configuration before we put too much cost into this solution. Only a prototype test can give a safe answer to this. We will however, also give reference to the flench protector test at SINTEF 14.9.90 (see enclosure) which gives us a belief that this is the right way to go.

In addition to these enclosed data, we will mention that our Firestop material has been jet fire tested at The British Gas Test Site in Spadeadam, UK.

SUBSTITUTESHEET

Claims

P A T E N T C L A I M S
1. A protecting structure for explosion vulnerable or combustible elongated members like hawsers, hoses, cables, pipes and similar, c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n that it comprises a movable system of successive, articulately connected and substantially cylindrical sections of a fire protecting material, with a substantially axial through bore for accomodating the member to be fire and explosion protected.
2. Structure in accordance with claim 1, c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n that the articulations are of the ball-and-socket type, the ball member thereof having substantially the same bore as each section, however with a conical enlargement of the bore in the end of the ball.
3. A structure in accordance with claim 1 or 2, c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n that the fire protecting material is a material exhibiting a certain elasticity, so that further bending and extension of the system can be achieved also beyond the full mechanical joint deflection.
4. A structure in accordance with one of the preceding claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n that the fire protecting material comprises a neoprene rubber.
5. A structure in accordance with one of claims 2-4, c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n that each ball joint is equipped with a seal ring in the actual joint surface, either in the inner joint or in the outer joint.
6. A structure in accordance with one of the preceding claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n that a radially outer part of each section is extended to overlap the adjacent part of the 10
preceding section for protecting and completing each articu¬ lation also at full joint bend deflection.
7. A structure in accordance with one of the preceding claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n that it is a double structure, i.e. a corresponding second and outer structure surrounds a first such structure in such a manner that said inner, first structure is accomodated in the substantially axial bore of said second structure and is protected by said second structure.
PCT/NO1992/000110 1991-05-06 1992-06-18 Movable protection structure for hawsers, hoses, cables, pipes and similar WO1993025839A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
NO911773 1991-05-06

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1993025839A1 true true WO1993025839A1 (en) 1993-12-23

Family

ID=19894130

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8905332B2 (en) 2002-12-10 2014-12-09 Water Pik, Inc. Dual turbine showerhead
US8967497B2 (en) 2006-12-29 2015-03-03 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld showerhead with mode selector in handle
CN104832723A (en) * 2015-03-11 2015-08-12 辽宁锦兴石油机械有限公司 Offshore thermal oil recovery steam transport pipe
US9127794B2 (en) 2007-05-04 2015-09-08 Water Pik, Inc. Pivot attachment for showerheads
US9157218B2 (en) 2005-10-18 2015-10-13 Water Pik, Inc. Dispensing system and method for shower arm
USD744066S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-11-24 Water Pik, Inc. Wall mount showerhead
USD744064S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-11-24 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld showerhead
USD744065S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-11-24 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld showerhead
USD744611S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-12-01 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld showerhead
USD744612S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-12-01 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld showerhead
USD744614S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-12-01 Water Pik, Inc. Wall mount showerhead
USD745111S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-12-08 Water Pik, Inc. Wall mount showerhead
US9347208B2 (en) 2012-06-22 2016-05-24 Water Pik, Inc. Bracket for showerhead with integral flow control
US9404243B2 (en) 2013-06-13 2016-08-02 Water Pik, Inc. Showerhead with turbine driven shutter
US9700909B2 (en) 2006-10-09 2017-07-11 Water Pik, Inc. Shower arm attachment assembly
USD803981S1 (en) 2016-02-01 2017-11-28 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld spray nozzle

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3107045A1 (en) * 1981-02-25 1982-09-09 Mo Stankostroitelnyj Zavod Im Hose for the protection of flexible connection lines

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3107045A1 (en) * 1981-02-25 1982-09-09 Mo Stankostroitelnyj Zavod Im Hose for the protection of flexible connection lines

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9795975B2 (en) 2002-12-10 2017-10-24 Water Pik, Inc. Dual turbine showerhead
US8905332B2 (en) 2002-12-10 2014-12-09 Water Pik, Inc. Dual turbine showerhead
US9157218B2 (en) 2005-10-18 2015-10-13 Water Pik, Inc. Dispensing system and method for shower arm
US9700909B2 (en) 2006-10-09 2017-07-11 Water Pik, Inc. Shower arm attachment assembly
US9636694B2 (en) 2006-12-29 2017-05-02 Water Pik, Inc. Showerhead with movable control valve
US8967497B2 (en) 2006-12-29 2015-03-03 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld showerhead with mode selector in handle
US9623424B2 (en) 2006-12-29 2017-04-18 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld showerhead with mode selector in handle
US9623425B2 (en) 2006-12-29 2017-04-18 Water Pik, Inc. Showerhead with rotatable control valve
US9127794B2 (en) 2007-05-04 2015-09-08 Water Pik, Inc. Pivot attachment for showerheads
US9347208B2 (en) 2012-06-22 2016-05-24 Water Pik, Inc. Bracket for showerhead with integral flow control
US9404243B2 (en) 2013-06-13 2016-08-02 Water Pik, Inc. Showerhead with turbine driven shutter
USD744614S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-12-01 Water Pik, Inc. Wall mount showerhead
USD745111S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-12-08 Water Pik, Inc. Wall mount showerhead
USD744612S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-12-01 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld showerhead
USD744611S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-12-01 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld showerhead
USD744065S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-11-24 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld showerhead
USD744064S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-11-24 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld showerhead
USD744066S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-11-24 Water Pik, Inc. Wall mount showerhead
CN104832723A (en) * 2015-03-11 2015-08-12 辽宁锦兴石油机械有限公司 Offshore thermal oil recovery steam transport pipe
USD803981S1 (en) 2016-02-01 2017-11-28 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld spray nozzle

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