WO1993020976A1 - Abrasive article - Google Patents

Abrasive article

Info

Publication number
WO1993020976A1
WO1993020976A1 PCT/US1993/001789 US9301789W WO1993020976A1 WO 1993020976 A1 WO1993020976 A1 WO 1993020976A1 US 9301789 W US9301789 W US 9301789W WO 1993020976 A1 WO1993020976 A1 WO 1993020976A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
abrasive
substrate
side
article
indicia
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US1993/001789
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Gene O. Lindholm
Mark L. Sterner
Theodore C. Tocci
Original Assignee
Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24DTOOLS FOR GRINDING, BUFFING, OR SHARPENING
    • B24D11/00Constructional features of flexible abrasive materials; Special features in the manufacture of such materials
    • B24D11/001Manufacture of flexible abrasive materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24DTOOLS FOR GRINDING, BUFFING, OR SHARPENING
    • B24D3/00Physical features of abrasive bodies, or sheets, e.g. abrasive surfaces of special nature; Abrasive bodies or sheets characterised by their constituents
    • B24D3/001Physical features of abrasive bodies, or sheets, e.g. abrasive surfaces of special nature; Abrasive bodies or sheets characterised by their constituents the constituent being used as supporting member
    • B24D3/002Flexible supporting members, e.g. paper, woven, plastic materials

Abstract

An abrasive article (20) includes a substrate (22) having a front side (24) and back side (26) with an abrasive material (28) bonded to the front side of the substrate. Indicia (30) are disposed on the substrate so that the indicia are viewable from the front side of the substrate in a normal non-mirror image readable from left to right.

Description

ABRASIVE ARTICLE

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates generally to an abrasive article in which abrasive grains are bonded to a backing.

On an abrasive article, indicia in the form of printed information are placed on the back side, which is the side opposite from the front side. The front side contains the abrasive grains or grit. The indicia typically includes a grade number, a product name or other identification. The grade number refers to the average particle size or the particle size distribution of the abrasive grain. Printing on the back side of some prior art abrasive articles is incidentally viewable from the front side due to the substrate being translucent. However, the information is not readable since it is in a mirror image. Such a product has been sold under the trademark IMPERIAL MICRO FINISHING FILM by Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company of St. Paul, Minnesota.

Abrasive articles are typically converted into a wide variety of forms such as sheets, discs, or belts. It is well known to attach the discs or sheets to a backup pad or support pad during use such as with a pressure sensitive adhesive.

When the indicia is disposed on the back side of the abrasive article, the information cannot be seen if the abrasive article is opaque. If the abrasive article is translucent, only a mirror image of the indicia is seen and it is difficult to discern the indicia. Information which cannot be read by viewing the front of the abrasive article has several disadvantages. First, an operator may want to check the particular grade of an abrasive article if the operator forgets which grade of abrasive article is being used when the abrasive article is attached to a back-up pad or support pad. Secondly, if a second operator or new operator uses the same abrasive article, the second or new operator may not know the particular grade of the abrasive article. In both instances, the operator has to remove the abrasive article from the pad in order to check the grade, the product identification, or the manufacturer. Then, if possible, the abrasive article is remounted on the back of the pad. If not, then a new abrasive article has to be attached to the pad. Another disadvantage relates to packaging of the abrasive article. Generally, in order to check the grade of the abrasive article, an abrasive article has to be removed from the package in order to view the indicia containing the grade designation.

The Steinhauser et al. U.S. Patent 3,849,949 discloses a concatenation of coated abrasive discs in which the non-abrasive side of the disc contains a pressure sensitive adhesive.

The Shaw U.S. Patent 4,437,269 discloses an abrasive sheet having indicia carried on its rear face overlaid by a translucent textile material providing a surface engagable by hooks. The material being adhered to the indicia and information content remain discernible through the textile material.

The Ott U.S. Patent 4,609,581 discloses a coated abrasive sheeting that is adhered to a backup pad by means of a loop material on the rear surface of the coated abrasive sheet. The loop material comprises a carrier web with a multiplicity of multi-filament yarns stitched into the coated abrasive backing with portions of the yarns providing the loops.

SUMMARY- OF THE INVENTION

The present invention includes an abrasive sheet having a substrate with a front and back side. An abrasive material is adhered to the front side of the substrate. Indicia are disposed on the substrate and are viewable from the front side of the substrate in a non- mirror image readable from left to right.

In one preferred embodiment, the indicia are disposed on the back side of a substrate that is light trans issive. In another preferred embodiment, the indicia are disposed on the front side of a substrate which may or may not be light transmissive.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Figure 1 is a cross-sectional view of an abrasive article of the present invention.

Figure 2 is a perspective view of an abrasive article of the present invention with indicia being disposed on the front surface thereof.

Figure 3 is a perspective view of the abrasive article of the present invention with indicia being disposed on a back surface thereof and readable from the front surface.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

An abrasive article of the present invention is generally indicated at 20 in Figure 1. Abrasive article 20 includes a backing or substrate 22 which has a front side 24 and a back side 26. An abrasive material 28 is bonded to the front side 24 using a suitable adhesive 25 or other bonding means now known or later developed. Indicia 20 are positioned either on the front side 24 as illustrated in Figure 2 or on the back side 26 and viewable on the front side 24 as illustrated in Figure 3. In both instances, the indicia are viewable in a non-mirror image readable from left to right from the front side of the abrasive article.

As illustrated in Figure 2, the indicia 30 are applied to the front side 24 of the substrate 22. The indicia are preferably applied to the substrate 22 prior to adherence of the abrasive material 28. The indicia 30 are readable in a non-mirror image from left to right when viewed from the front side of the substrate 22. As illustrated in Figure 3, the indicia 30 are positioned on the back side 26 of the substrate 22. The substrate 22 is light transmissive. By light transmissive is meant that the substrate is sufficiently transparent so that the indicia are viewable from the front side 24. Light transmissive substrates may be translucent, clear, transparent, or lucid. The indicia are applied to the back surface 26 in a mirror image, , and therefore when viewed from the front side, the indicia are viewable in a non-mirror image readable from left to right. A layer of colorant may also then be applied to the back side of the substrate over the indicia with the colorant layer being in a contrasting color to the indicia to enhance readability.

The indicia that are applied may include standard information that is typically found on an abrasive sheet. Such information includes the thickness of the sheet, the grit size, a product designation number, and manu acturer.

If the indicia are disposed on the front side 24, the substrate 22 may include either light transmissive or opaque materials such as paper, fiber, cloth, polymeric film, non-woven webs and combinations and treated versions thereof. If, however, the indicia are disposed on the back side 26, then the substrate must be at least translucent. Examples of such substrates include polymeric films such as polyester film, polyethylene film, and polypropylene film. It is preferred that the front and/or back surface of the polymeric film contain a primer to increase the adhesion to the adhesive. The primer can be a surface alteration or chemical type primer. Examples of surface alterations include corona treatment and scuffing to increase the surface area. Examples of chemical type primers include ethyl acrylic acid copolymer and aziridine type materials as disclosed in U.S. Patent 4,749,617.

Preferably, the abrasive grains should also be light transmissive. Examples of typical abrasive grains used.for abrasive material 28 include silicon carbide, aluminum oxide, white aluminum oxide, ceramic aluminum oxide, cerium oxide, diamond, cubic boron nitride, boron carbide and mixtures thereof. Although typical abrasive grains are somewhat opaque, the particles as a layer on the substrate still have light transmissive properties such that the indicia of the present invention clearly show through the layer of abrasive grains. Furthermore, in abrasive articles in which the abrasive grains are spaced from each other (sometimes referred to as "open coat"), the opacity of the individual abrasive grains is even less of an obstruction to viewing the indicia. Translucent abrasive grains are preferable such as white aluminum oxide to aid in the readability of the indicia from the front side of substrate 22.

The adhesive used to adhere the abrasive material to the substrate is preferably also light transmissive to aid in the readability of the indicia from the front side of the substrate 22. Examples of typical adhesives include polyester resins, urethane resins, acrylate resins, phenolic resins, glue, urea-formaldehyde resins, melamine resin and mixtures thereof. Such adhesives are applied at a thickness normally used for adhering abrasive material to a substrate. In one preferred embodiment, polyester film substrate approximately 70 microns thick was primed with an ethylene acrylic acid copolymer primer. An abrasive white aluminum oxide in the range of 1 to 100 microns in particle size was bound with a resole phenolic resin.

The indicia can be applied using a wide variety of well-known methods, which apply an ink onto the substrate. Such methods include letterpress printing, lithographic printing, gravure printing, and screen printing. Letterpress printing is preferably used.

Letterpress printing involves a printing element that consists of a raised surface, wherein the surface can be a line, a word, a point or any type of figure. In letterpress printing, the printing ink is applied to the raised surface and then pressed onto the substrate 22- to cause the printing ink to transfer the specified pattern onto the substrate 22. In lithographic printing, an indirect image transfer is made where the inverse of the printing plate is transferred to the substrate 22. Lithographic printing is also known as of set printing or planographic printing. In gravure printing, a master tool or roll is engraved with minute wells. The printing ink ills these wells and the excess printing ink is removed by a doctor blade. The ink in the well is then transferred to the substrate 22. The size and the shape of the well determines the pattern on the substrate 22. In screen printing, the printing ink is brushed through a stencil image on a fine screen and then onto the substrate 22. The stencil image forms the pattern that is transferred to the substrate 22. More detailed information on printing techniques is found in Printing; Inks. Kirth-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology 19, 110-163 (3d ed. 1982) incorporated hereinafter by reference.

The abrasive article 20 is produced into a wide variety of forms such as sheets, discs, or belts. The discs or sheets are attached to a back-up pad 31 that drives abrasive article 20 to abrade a work piece (not shown) as illustrated in Figure 1. The back-up pad is used to support the abrasive article 20 during abrading. The back-up pad can be made from any material, although it is preferred that the material have at least some elasticity so that the material flexes during the abrading process. Examples of suitable materials include metal, rubber such as neoprene rubber, butyl nitrile rubber, plastics such as thermoplastics including nylon, polypropylene, acrylonitrile butadiene styrene .copolymer, thermosetting plastics, and reinforced plastics, and polyurethane foam. The back-up pad is generally circular in nature and ranges in diameter from 1 to 40 cm and preferably in the range of 5 to 25 cm. Generally, the diameter of the abrasive article is slightly larger than the diameter of the back-up pad. By slightly larger is meant that the diameter of the abrasive article is between about 0.1 mm to about 2 mm larger than the back-up pad. In one embodiment of the present invention, a pressure sensitive adhesive is applied to the back side 26 of the substrate 22 to allow the abrasive article 20 to be easily attached to the pad. The pressure sensitive adhesive must have sufficient adhesive strength to secure the coated abrasive to a support pad during use. Representative examples of pressure sensitive adhesives suitable for this invention include latex crepe, rosin, acrylic polymers and copolymers such as polybutylacrylate, polyacrylate ester, vinyl ethers such as polyvinyl n-butyl ether, alkyd adhesives, rubber adhesives such as natural rubber, synthetic rubber, chlorinated rubber, and mixtures thereof. A preferred pressure sensitive adhesive is an isooctylacrylate:acrylic acid copolymer. The abrasive article 20 can also be attached to the pad 31 by a hook and loop fastening system. A hook and loop fastening system typically includes a loop portion 32 and a hook portion 34. A suitable hook and loop fastening system is sold by Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company of St. Paul, Minnesota. Preferably, the loop portion is laminated to the back side 26 of the substrate 22. The hook portion is then attached to the pad 31. The hooks then engage between the loops to attach the abrasive article to the pad. Of course, the loop portion can be attached to the pad, and the hook portion can be attached to the substrate. The loop material can be any type of textile material which has loops projecting therefrom. Examples of suitable textile materials. include cotton, polyester, nylon, rayon, and the like. The loop materials can be ultifilament yarns which are described in detail in Ott U.S. Patent 4,609,581, incorporated hereinafter by reference. Other types of loop materials are woven or knitted yarns having filament loops or curls extending from the surface. In one embodiment, the loop material is an opaque color to improve the readability of the indicia viewed from the front side of the substrate 22. To produce an abrasive sheet material that will withstand a large number of disengagements from and reengagements with the hooks on the support pad it is necessary to apply an adhesive coating 36 such as thickened or foamed latex, extruded polymer film, or hot melt adhesive to adhere the loops to the back side 26. The hot melt adhesive or other bonding material adhering the loops to the back side 26 may be colored prior to lamination of the loops to further improve the readability of the indicia from the front side of the substrate 22.

Although the present invention has been described with reference to preferred embodiments, workers skilled in the art will recognize that changes may be made in form and detail without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims

CLAIMS :
1. An abrasive article (20) comprising: a substrate (22) having a front side (24) and a back side (26) ; an abrasive material (28) bonded to the front side of the substrate; and indicia (30) disposed on the substrate, substantially all the indicia being viewable from the front side of the substrate in a non-mirror image readable from left to right.
2. The abrasive article (20) of claim 1 wherein the substrate (22) is light transmissive and the indicia (30) are disposed on the back side of the substrate.
3. The abrasive article (20) of claim 1 wherein the substrate (22) is opaque and the indicia (30) are disposed on the front side of the substrate.
4. The abrasive article (20) of claim 1 wherein the abrasive material (28) is light transmissive.
5. The abrasive article (20) of claim 1 and further comprising: an adhesive (25) adhering the abrasive material (28) to the front side (24) of the substrate, the adhesive being light transmissive.
6. The abrasive article (20) of claim 1 and further comprising: means for releasably attaching the article to a support pad (31) .
7. The abrasive article (20) of claim 6 wherein the means for releasably attaching includes a hook and loop fastener having a first portion (34) containing a plurality of hooks and a second portion containing a plurality of loops (32) and wherein either the first or the second portion is attached to the back side of the substrate and wherein then the other first or second portion is attached to the support pad (31) .
8. The abrasive article (20) of claim 7 and wherein the portion of the hook and loop fastener attached to the substrate is opaque.
9. The abrasive article (20) of claim 8 and further including: an adhesive (36) for adhering the portion of the hook and loop fastener to the back side of the substrate
(22).
10. The abrasive article (20) of claim 9 wherein the adhesive is opaque.
11. The abrasive article (20) of claim 1 wherein the substrate (22) is a light transmissive polymeric film and the indicia are disposed on the back side of the polymeric film.
12. The abrasive article (20) of claim 11 and further including a layer of colorant disposed over the indicia (30) , the colorant being in contrasting color to the indicia.
PCT/US1993/001789 1992-04-13 1993-03-01 Abrasive article WO1993020976A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US86800792 true 1992-04-13 1992-04-13
US07/868,007 1992-04-13

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE1993611105 DE69311105D1 (en) 1992-04-13 1993-03-01 abrasive
EP19930907085 EP0636057B1 (en) 1992-04-13 1993-03-01 Abrasive article
JP51830193A JPH07505583A (en) 1992-04-13 1993-03-01
DE1993611105 DE69311105T2 (en) 1992-04-13 1993-03-01 abrasive

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1993020976A1 true true WO1993020976A1 (en) 1993-10-28

Family

ID=25350905

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/US1993/001789 WO1993020976A1 (en) 1992-04-13 1993-03-01 Abrasive article

Country Status (6)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0636057B1 (en)
JP (1) JPH07505583A (en)
CA (1) CA2131526A1 (en)
DE (2) DE69311105D1 (en)
ES (1) ES2104137T3 (en)
WO (1) WO1993020976A1 (en)

Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1995011772A1 (en) * 1993-10-28 1995-05-04 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive article having a colored substrate
US5607345A (en) * 1994-01-13 1997-03-04 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrading apparatus
EP0846040A1 (en) * 1995-08-21 1998-06-10 Rodel, Inc. Polishing pads
US6106922A (en) * 1997-10-03 2000-08-22 3M Innovative Company Coextruded mechanical fastener constructions
WO2001087543A2 (en) * 2000-05-12 2001-11-22 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colored loop substrate for releasably attachable abrasive sheet material
US6524164B1 (en) 1999-09-14 2003-02-25 Applied Materials, Inc. Polishing pad with transparent window having reduced window leakage for a chemical mechanical polishing apparatus
US6537133B1 (en) 1995-03-28 2003-03-25 Applied Materials, Inc. Method for in-situ endpoint detection for chemical mechanical polishing operations
US6676717B1 (en) 1995-03-28 2004-01-13 Applied Materials Inc Apparatus and method for in-situ endpoint detection for chemical mechanical polishing operations
US6719818B1 (en) 1995-03-28 2004-04-13 Applied Materials, Inc. Apparatus and method for in-situ endpoint detection for chemical mechanical polishing operations
US6849152B2 (en) 1992-12-28 2005-02-01 Applied Materials, Inc. In-situ real-time monitoring technique and apparatus for endpoint detection of thin films during chemical/mechanical polishing planarization
US6876454B1 (en) 1995-03-28 2005-04-05 Applied Materials, Inc. Apparatus and method for in-situ endpoint detection for chemical mechanical polishing operations
US6910944B2 (en) 1995-03-28 2005-06-28 Applied Materials, Inc. Method of forming a transparent window in a polishing pad
US6962635B2 (en) 1999-02-25 2005-11-08 3M Innovative Properties Company Method for making a stem web
US6991517B2 (en) 1999-02-04 2006-01-31 Applied Materials Inc. Linear polishing sheet with window
US6994607B2 (en) 2001-12-28 2006-02-07 Applied Materials, Inc. Polishing pad with window
US7037403B1 (en) 1992-12-28 2006-05-02 Applied Materials Inc. In-situ real-time monitoring technique and apparatus for detection of thin films during chemical/mechanical polishing planarization
US7108596B2 (en) * 2001-06-25 2006-09-19 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Coated abrasives with indicia
US7118457B2 (en) 2000-05-19 2006-10-10 Applied Materials, Inc. Method of forming a polishing pad for endpoint detection
US7264536B2 (en) 2003-09-23 2007-09-04 Applied Materials, Inc. Polishing pad with window
WO2007117129A1 (en) * 2006-03-03 2007-10-18 Ferronato Sandro Giovanni Gius System for indicating the grade of an abrasive
WO2007144915A1 (en) * 2006-06-16 2007-12-21 Power-Tech Srl Abrasive member
US7374477B2 (en) 2002-02-06 2008-05-20 Applied Materials, Inc. Polishing pads useful for endpoint detection in chemical mechanical polishing
US7731566B2 (en) 1995-03-28 2010-06-08 Applied Materials, Inc. Substrate polishing metrology using interference signals
WO2016073227A1 (en) * 2014-11-07 2016-05-12 3M Innovative Properties Company Printed abrasive article

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JP2012066328A (en) * 2010-09-22 2012-04-05 Disco Corp Dressing board and dressing board storage case

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Cited By (49)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7024063B2 (en) 1992-12-28 2006-04-04 Applied Materials Inc. In-situ real-time monitoring technique and apparatus for endpoint detection of thin films during chemical/mechanical polishing planarization
US7037403B1 (en) 1992-12-28 2006-05-02 Applied Materials Inc. In-situ real-time monitoring technique and apparatus for detection of thin films during chemical/mechanical polishing planarization
US7569119B2 (en) 1992-12-28 2009-08-04 Applied Materials, Inc. In-situ real-time monitoring technique and apparatus for detection of thin films during chemical/mechanical polishing planarization
US7582183B2 (en) 1992-12-28 2009-09-01 Applied Materials, Inc. Apparatus for detection of thin films during chemical/mechanical polishing planarization
US6849152B2 (en) 1992-12-28 2005-02-01 Applied Materials, Inc. In-situ real-time monitoring technique and apparatus for endpoint detection of thin films during chemical/mechanical polishing planarization
WO1995011772A1 (en) * 1993-10-28 1995-05-04 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive article having a colored substrate
US5607345A (en) * 1994-01-13 1997-03-04 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrading apparatus
US6719818B1 (en) 1995-03-28 2004-04-13 Applied Materials, Inc. Apparatus and method for in-situ endpoint detection for chemical mechanical polishing operations
US7731566B2 (en) 1995-03-28 2010-06-08 Applied Materials, Inc. Substrate polishing metrology using interference signals
US6537133B1 (en) 1995-03-28 2003-03-25 Applied Materials, Inc. Method for in-situ endpoint detection for chemical mechanical polishing operations
US6676717B1 (en) 1995-03-28 2004-01-13 Applied Materials Inc Apparatus and method for in-situ endpoint detection for chemical mechanical polishing operations
US7775852B2 (en) 1995-03-28 2010-08-17 Applied Materials, Inc. Apparatus and method for in-situ endpoint detection for chemical mechanical polishing operations
US7841926B2 (en) 1995-03-28 2010-11-30 Applied Materials, Inc. Substrate polishing metrology using interference signals
US6860791B2 (en) 1995-03-28 2005-03-01 Applied Materials, Inc. Polishing pad for in-situ endpoint detection
US6875078B2 (en) 1995-03-28 2005-04-05 Applied Materials, Inc. Apparatus and method for in-situ endpoint detection for chemical mechanical polishing operations
US6876454B1 (en) 1995-03-28 2005-04-05 Applied Materials, Inc. Apparatus and method for in-situ endpoint detection for chemical mechanical polishing operations
US7255629B2 (en) 1995-03-28 2007-08-14 Applied Materials, Inc. Polishing assembly with a window
US6910944B2 (en) 1995-03-28 2005-06-28 Applied Materials, Inc. Method of forming a transparent window in a polishing pad
US7118450B2 (en) 1995-03-28 2006-10-10 Applied Materials, Inc. Polishing pad with window and method of fabricating a window in a polishing pad
US8506356B2 (en) 1995-03-28 2013-08-13 Applied Materials, Inc. Apparatus and method for in-situ endpoint detection for chemical mechanical polishing operations
US8556679B2 (en) 1995-03-28 2013-10-15 Applied Materials, Inc. Substrate polishing metrology using interference signals
US7011565B2 (en) 1995-03-28 2006-03-14 Applied Materials, Inc. Forming a transparent window in a polishing pad for a chemical mechanical polishing apparatus
US8092274B2 (en) 1995-03-28 2012-01-10 Applied Materials, Inc. Substrate polishing metrology using interference signals
EP0846040A1 (en) * 1995-08-21 1998-06-10 Rodel, Inc. Polishing pads
EP0846040A4 (en) * 1995-08-21 1998-09-30 Rodel Inc Polishing pads
EP1281477A1 (en) * 1995-08-21 2003-02-05 Rodel Holdings, Inc. Polishing pads
US6106922A (en) * 1997-10-03 2000-08-22 3M Innovative Company Coextruded mechanical fastener constructions
US6991517B2 (en) 1999-02-04 2006-01-31 Applied Materials Inc. Linear polishing sheet with window
US6962635B2 (en) 1999-02-25 2005-11-08 3M Innovative Properties Company Method for making a stem web
US6524164B1 (en) 1999-09-14 2003-02-25 Applied Materials, Inc. Polishing pad with transparent window having reduced window leakage for a chemical mechanical polishing apparatus
US6896585B2 (en) 1999-09-14 2005-05-24 Applied Materials, Inc. Polishing pad with transparent window having reduced window leakage for a chemical mechanical polishing apparatus
US7677959B2 (en) 1999-09-14 2010-03-16 Applied Materials, Inc. Multilayer polishing pad and method of making
US7189141B2 (en) 1999-09-14 2007-03-13 Applied Materials, Inc. Polishing pad with transparent window having reduced window leakage for a chemical mechanical polishing apparatus
WO2001087543A3 (en) * 2000-05-12 2002-06-27 Kimberly Clark Co Colored loop substrate for releasably attachable abrasive sheet material
WO2001087543A2 (en) * 2000-05-12 2001-11-22 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colored loop substrate for releasably attachable abrasive sheet material
US7429207B2 (en) 2000-05-19 2008-09-30 Applied Materials, Inc. System for endpoint detection with polishing pad
US7118457B2 (en) 2000-05-19 2006-10-10 Applied Materials, Inc. Method of forming a polishing pad for endpoint detection
US9333621B2 (en) 2000-05-19 2016-05-10 Applied Materials, Inc. Polishing pad for endpoint detection and related methods
US8485862B2 (en) 2000-05-19 2013-07-16 Applied Materials, Inc. Polishing pad for endpoint detection and related methods
US7108596B2 (en) * 2001-06-25 2006-09-19 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Coated abrasives with indicia
US7198544B2 (en) 2001-12-28 2007-04-03 Applied Materials, Inc. Polishing pad with window
US6994607B2 (en) 2001-12-28 2006-02-07 Applied Materials, Inc. Polishing pad with window
US7374477B2 (en) 2002-02-06 2008-05-20 Applied Materials, Inc. Polishing pads useful for endpoint detection in chemical mechanical polishing
US8858298B2 (en) 2002-07-24 2014-10-14 Applied Materials, Inc. Polishing pad with two-section window having recess
US7547243B2 (en) 2003-09-23 2009-06-16 Applied Materials, Inc. Method of making and apparatus having polishing pad with window
US7264536B2 (en) 2003-09-23 2007-09-04 Applied Materials, Inc. Polishing pad with window
WO2007117129A1 (en) * 2006-03-03 2007-10-18 Ferronato Sandro Giovanni Gius System for indicating the grade of an abrasive
WO2007144915A1 (en) * 2006-06-16 2007-12-21 Power-Tech Srl Abrasive member
WO2016073227A1 (en) * 2014-11-07 2016-05-12 3M Innovative Properties Company Printed abrasive article

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP0636057B1 (en) 1997-05-28 grant
EP0636057A1 (en) 1995-02-01 application
DE69311105D1 (en) 1997-07-03 grant
DE69311105T2 (en) 1997-10-30 grant
JPH07505583A (en) 1995-06-22 application
CA2131526A1 (en) 1993-10-28 application
ES2104137T3 (en) 1997-10-01 grant

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