WO1993020741A1 - Percutaneous surgical endoscopy - Google Patents

Percutaneous surgical endoscopy Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO1993020741A1
WO1993020741A1 PCT/US1993/002888 US9302888W WO9320741A1 WO 1993020741 A1 WO1993020741 A1 WO 1993020741A1 US 9302888 W US9302888 W US 9302888W WO 9320741 A1 WO9320741 A1 WO 9320741A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
surgical instrument
endoscopic surgical
vessel
instrument
blade
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US1993/002888
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Geza J. Jako
Original Assignee
Jako Geza J
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US86531492A priority Critical
Priority to US865,314 priority
Application filed by Jako Geza J filed Critical Jako Geza J
Publication of WO1993020741A1 publication Critical patent/WO1993020741A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/313Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor for introducing through surgical openings, e.g. laparoscopes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/02Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for holding wounds open; Tractors
    • A61B17/0218Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for holding wounds open; Tractors for minimally invasive surgery
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/12Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for ligaturing or otherwise compressing tubular parts of the body, e.g. blood vessels, umbilical cord
    • A61B17/12009Implements for ligaturing other than by clamps or clips, e.g. using a loop with a slip knot
    • A61B17/12013Implements for ligaturing other than by clamps or clips, e.g. using a loop with a slip knot for use in minimally invasive surgery, e.g. endoscopic surgery
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B90/00Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups A61B1/00 - A61B50/00, e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges
    • A61B90/30Devices for illuminating a surgical field, the devices having an interrelation with other surgical devices or with a surgical procedure
    • A61B2090/306Devices for illuminating a surgical field, the devices having an interrelation with other surgical devices or with a surgical procedure using optical fibres

Abstract

The invention includes a multiple action surgical endoscopic instrument comprising first (7) and second (8) blades. A support carries first (15) and second (16) adjusting mechanisms which provide independent angular adjustment of the first (7) and second (8) blades, respectively. The support also carries a third adjusting mechanism (4) which provides adjustment of the separation between the first (7) and second (8) blades. The invention also includes a diagnostic surgical endoscopic instrument comprising a tapered tube (31) and a handle (35) which is detachably secured at the proximal end of the tube (31) to a selected one of diametrically opposed positions relative to the axis of the tube (31). A process according to the invention includes inserting the distal ends of the first (7) and second (8) blades through an incision in a patient; adjusting the first (15), second (16), and third (4) adjusting mechanisms; and inserting instruments through the first (7) and second (8) blades and the incision into the patient.

Description

PERCUTANEOUS SURGICAL ENDOSCOPY This invention relates to percutaneous surgical endoscopy. According to one aspect of the invention, a multiple action surgical endoscopic instrument comprises first and second blades having distal and proximal ends and support for the first and second blades. The support carries first and second adjusting mechanisms which provide independent angular adjustment of the first and second blades, respectively. The support also carries a third adjusting mechanism which provides adjustment of the separation between the first and second blades. According to one aspect of the invention, a diagnostic surgical endoscopic instrument comprises a tube having an axis, distal and proximal ends, and a support for the tube. A handle is attached to the instrument at the proximal end. One important feature of the diagnostic surgical endoscopic instrument is that the tube is tapered at the distal end. Another important feature of the diagnostic endoscopic surgical instrument is that the handle is detachably secured to the instrument in a selected one of diametrically opposed positions relative to the axis of the tube. A process according to the invention includes the steps of making an incision in a patient of width corresponding substantially to that of the first and second blades; inserting the distal ends of the first and second blades through an incision; adjusting the first, second, and third adjusting mechanisms; and inserting instruments through the first and second blades and the incision into the patient.

According to one aspect of the invention, the invention includes a vessel ligating device. The vessel ligating device comprises a wire for ligating a vessel and a plate with two ports through which the wire can pass. The vessel ligating device also includes a tightening device for tightening the wire around the vessel and a stabilizing point for controlling movement of the vessel.

The above structural arrangements allow insertion of the endoscopic surgical instrument through a relatively small percutaneous incision with adequate lighting of the internal region while allowing independent control of the endoscopic surgical Instrument through flexible axial positioning of the blades during surgery. In addition, the movable light rod is movable axially, transaxially, and pivotally allowing the surgeon to control illumination of the surgical treatment region. The movable light rod also acts as a retractor. The diagnostic endoscopic surgical instrument has the advantage of a detachable handle capable of being attached above or below the tapered tube.

The endoscopic surgical instrument and diagnostic endoscopic surgical instrument may be used in the.chest, thoracic cavity, and abdominal cavity, or in other regions for less invasive surgery.

Other features, objects, and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following -description when read in connection with the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a rear elevational view of the surgical endoscope with the retractor blades in the enclosed position; FIG. la is a rear view at the optional light pipe holder and securing screw;

FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of the surgical endoscope of FIG. 1;

FIG. 2a is a side view of the optional double prism for inverting and offsetting the image; FIG. 3 is a side elevational view of the diagnostic surgical endoscopic instrument;

FIGS. 4a-4d show side and top views of one embodiment of a vessel ligating device; and FIGS. 5a-5c show side and top views of another embodiment of a vessel ligating device.

Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2, one embodiment of a surgical endoscope shows an endoscope handle 1 having a round slot 2 for insertion of a securing arm (not shown) with joints that are attachable to an operating table. A lead screw 3 with a lead screw knob 4 adjust the opening between the first and second retractor blades, 7 and 8, respectively, along the path indicated by arrow A. A fork 5 is connected to first retractor blade 7. First retractor blade extension 9 is movable axially in directions indicated by arrow B. A fork 6 holds adjustable first and second retractor blades, 7 and 8, respectively. Second retractor blade extension 10 is movable axially in directions indicated by arrow C. First and second retractor blades, 7 and 8, respectively, may be of varying lengths and widths. Lead screws, 11 and 12, respectively, move first and second retractor blade extensions, 9 and 10, respectively, in directions B and C, respectively, by the use of a torque wrench. Set screws 11a and 12a with annular slots are threaded through set screw collars lib and 12b, respectively, secured to the outside of first and second retractor blades, 7 and 8, respectively, on adjusting lead screws, 11 and 12, respectively. First and second retractor blade positioning plates, 14 and 13, respectively, pivot first and second retractor blades, 7 and 8, respectively, along paths D and E, respectively, with first and second retractor blade positioning screws, 15 and 16, respectively. Left and right second retractor blade hinge screws, 17 and 18, respectively, secure second retractor blade 8 to second retractor blade positioning plate 13. Securing screw 19 secures the horizontal and vertical hinge movement of optical telescope 20, micro-video camera 24, and fiber lighting (not shown) to the support. Prism arrangement 22 inverts and offsets the image through the optical telescope as explained below.

Connector 21 connects fiberoptics light pipe 26 to the instrument. Adjustable lens 23 focuses the image provided by optical telescope 20 to micro-video camera 24. Cable and cable connector 25 connects the micro- video camera 24 to a micro-video monitor (not shown) . Fiberoptics light pipe holder and positioner 27 holds and positions fiberoptics light pipe 26. A flat spring 28 balances second retractor blade 8. A second flat spring (not shown) balances first retractor blade 7.

In addition, the surgical endoscopic instrument preferably has a detachable plastic disposable light carrier end for safer use in the chest cavity and a moveable light rod.

In one embodiment the surgical endoscopic instrument has one light pipe 26 on one side and one optical telescope 20 connected to a micro-video camera 24 on the other side. In another embodiment the surgical instrument has two light pipes 26 and no optical telescope 20 or micro-video camera 24.

Referring to FIG. la, an optional light pipe holder 29 with securing screw 27a is provided.

Referring to FIG. 2a, an optional double prism 22a inverts and offsets the image through the optical telescope.

Referring to FIG. 3, handle 35 is detachably attached to either handle mount 33 or handle mount 36. Tube 31 is tapered at its distal end and has a beveled distal opening 30 allowing viewing, with the wall opposite opening 30 restricting trochar (probe) travel. Fiber optics light pipe extensions 26a are connected to fiber optics light pipes 26. Optical telescope channel 32 is connected to optical telescope inlet 37. Prism arrangement 22 inverts and offsets the image and adjustable lens 23 focuses the image to micro-video camera 24. Cable and cable connector 25 connects micro- video camera 24 to a micro-video monitor (not shown) .

Referring to FIGS. 4a-4d, the surgical endoscopic instrument may be used, for example, in concert with a ligating wire 41 passed through annular ports 39 and plate 38 around vessel V. A stabilizing point 40 controls the movement of vessel V. The ligating wire 41 is pulled tight around vessel V and secured to annular ports 39 with crimping indents 42.

Referring to FIGS. 5a-5c, the surgical endoscopic instrument may also be used, for example, in concert with a ligating wire 46 passed through ports 44 in plate 43. A stabilizing point 45 controls the movement of vessel V. The ligating wire 46 is anchored through one of ports 44 on plate 43 with knot 47 and is tightened around vessel V through the second of ports 44 by pulling wire 46 and successively notching one-way triangular anchors 48 on plate 43. Other embodiments are within the claims.

What is claimed is:

Claims

Claims 1. A multiple action surgical endoscopic instrument comprising: first and second blades having distal and proximal ends; support for said first and second blades; said support carrying first and second adjusting mechanisms providing independent angular adjustment of said first and second blades respectively; said support carrying a third adjusting mechanism for providing adjustment of the separation between said first and second blades.
__ 2. The endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 1 and further comprising fourth and fifth adjusting mechanisms for independently adjusting the lengths of said first and second blades.
3. The endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 1 and further comprising a viewing device carried by said support for viewing a cavity into which said endoscopic surgical instrument is placed.
4. The endoscopic surgical instrumen of claim 1 and further comprising an illumination device carried by said support for illuminating a cavity into which said endoscopic surgical instrument is placed.
5. The endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 1 where said first adjusting mechanism comprises first and second blade positioning plates, first and second blade positioning screws, and first and second blade balancing flat springs. 6. The endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 5 where said first adjusting mechanism further comprises a hinge for pivotally moving said second blade and hinge securing screws for securing said second blade to said support.
7. The endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 1 where said second adjusting mechanism comprises a first fork connected to said first blade, a second fork connected to said second blade, a first lead screw for providing separation between said first and second blades, and a first lead screw knob.
8. The endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 1 where said first blade has a first blade extension with a tapered distal end and is movable axially along said first blade.
9. The endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 1 where said second blade has a second blade extension with a rounded distal end and is movable axially along said second blade.
10. The endoscopic instrument of claim 1 where said handle comprises a round slot for insertion of a jointed securing arm attachable to an operating table.
11. The endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 3 where said viewing device comprises at least one micro- video camera cable and micro-video camera cable connector, at least one optical telescope, at least one micro-video camera, at least one adjustable lens between said optical telescope and said micro-video camera, and at least one optical inversion device to optically invert an image provided to said viewing device.
12. The endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 11 where said optical inversion device is a double prism.
13. The endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 4 where said illumination device comprises a fiberoptics light pipe connector, a fiberoptics light pipe, a fiberoptics light pipe holder and positioner, and a movable light rod.
14. The endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 1 and further comprising a handle carried by said support.
15. A diagnostic surgical endoscopic instrument comprising: a tube having an axis and distal and proximal ends; a support for said tube; a handle attached to said instrument at said proximal end.
16. The diagnostic surgical endoscopic instrument of claim 15 where said tube is tapered at said distal end.
17. The diagnostic surgical endoscopic instrument of claim 15 provided with a viewing device for viewing a cavity into which said diagnostic endoscopic surgical instrument is placed.
18. The diagnostic surgical endoscopic instrument of claim 15 provided with an illumination device for illuminating said cavity into which said diagnostic endoscopic surgical instrument is placed.
19. The diagnostic endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 17 where said viewing device comprises at least one micro-video camera cable and micro-video camera cable connector, at least one optical telescope, at least one micro-video camera, at least one adjustable lens between said optical telescope and said micro-video camera, and at least one optical inverting device to rotate an image provided to said viewing device.
20. The diagnostic endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 19 where said optical inverting device is a double prism.
21. The diagnostic endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 18 where said illumination device comprises a fiberoptics light pipe connector, a fiberoptics light pipe, a fiberoptics light pipe holder and positioner, and a movable light rod.
22. The diagnostic endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 15 where said handle is detachably secured to said instrument in a selected one of diametrically opposed positions relative to the axis of said tube.
23. A surgical method using the instrument of claim 1 which method includes the steps of: making an incision in a patient of width corresponding substantially to that of said first and second blades; inserting the distal ends of said first and second blades through said incision; adjusting said first, second, and third adjusting mechanisms; and inserting instruments through said first and second blades and said incision into said patient.
24. The method of claim 23 and further comprising ligating a vessel which includes the steps of: surrounding a vessel with a ligating wire; pulling said wire through two portals in a plate; tightening said wire around said vessel by use of a tightening device; controlling movement of said vessel by use of a stabilizing point on said plate.
25. A vessel ligating device comprising: a wire for ligating a vessel; a plate with two ports through which said wire can pass; a tightening device for tightening said wire around said vessel; a stabilizing point for controlling movement of said vessel.
26. The vessel ligating device of claim 25 where said ports are of annular form.
27. The vessel ligating device of claim 25 where said tightening device comprises crimping said wire to said annular ports after tightening said wire around said vessel.
28. The vessel ligating device of claim 25 where said wire for ligating said vessel is knotted and comprises triangular anchors attached thereto for anchoring said wire to said plate. AMENDED CLAIMS
[received by the International Bureau on 19 August 1993 (19.08.93) ; original claims 1-28 replaced by amended claims 1-28 (6 pages)]
1. A multiple action surgical endoscopic instrument comprising: first and second blades having distal and proximal ends; support for said first and second blades; each of said first and second blades having a pivot point between said distal and proximal ends and a lever arm between its pivot point and proximal end angularly displaced from the blade portion between its pivot point and distal end and being pivotally attached to said support at its pivot point; said support carrying first and second adjusting mechanisms providing independent angular adjustment of said first and second blades respectively; each of said first and second adjusting mechanisms comprising an angle-adjusting screw connected between said support and a respective proximal end constructed and arranged so that rotation of an angle-adjusting screw adjusts the angle of the associated blade about the associated pivot point to a desired angle that persists when rotation stops to maintain a stable angular orientation of the blades; said support carrying a third adjusting mechanism for providing adjustment of the separation between said first and second blades.
2. The endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 1 and further comprising fourth and fifth adjusting mechanisms for independently adjusting the lengths of said first and second blades. 3. The endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 1 and further comprising a viewing device carried by said support for viewing a cavity into which said endoscopic surgical instrument is placed.
4. The endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 1 and further comprising an illumination device carried by said support for illuminating a cavity into which said endoscopic surgical instrument is placed.
5. The endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 1 where said first and second adjusting mechanisms comprise first and second blade positioning plates comprising said lever arms, first and second blade positioning screws, and first and second blade balancing flat springs.
6. The endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 5 where each of said first and second adjusting mechanisms further comprises a hinge and hinge securing screw[s] for securing each blade to said support.
7. The endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 1 where said third adjusting mechanism comprises a first fork connected to said first blade, a second fork connected to said second blade, a first lead screw for providing separation between said first and second blades, and a first lead screw knob connected to said first lead screw.
8. The endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 1 where said first blade has a first blade extension with a tapered distal end and is movable axially along said first blade.
9. The endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 1 where said second blade has a second blade extension with a rounded distal end and is movable axially along said second blade.
10. The endoscopic instrument of claim 14 where said handle comprises a round slot adapted for insertion of a jointed securing arm attachable to an operating table.
11. The endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 3 where said viewing device comprises at least one micro- video camera cable and micro-video camera cable connector, at least one optical telescope, at least one micro-video camera, at least one adjustable lens between said optical telescope and said micro-video camera, and at least one optical inversion device to optically invert an image provided to said viewing device.
12. The endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 11 where said optical inversion device is a double prism.
13. The endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 4 where said illumination device comprises a fiberoptics light pipe connector, a fiberoptics light pipe, a fiberoptics light pipe holder and positioner, and a movable light rod.
14. The endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 1 and further comprising a handle carried by said support.
15. A diagnostic surgical endoscopic instrument comprising: a tube having an axis and distal and proximal ends; a support for said tube; a handle attached to said instrument at said proximal end.
16. The diagnostic surgical endoscopic instrument of claim 15 where said tube is tapered at said distal end.
17. The diagnostic surgical endoscopic instrument of claim 15 provided with a viewing device for viewing a cavity into which said diagnostic endoscopic surgical instrument is placed.
18. The diagnostic surgical endoscopic instrument of claim 15 provided with an illumination device for illuminating said cavity into which said diagnostic endoscopic surgical instrument is placed.
19. The diagnostic endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 17 where said viewing device comprises at least one micro-video camera cable and micro-video camera cable connector, at least one optical telescope, at least one micro-video camera, at least one adjustable lens between said optical telescope and said micro-video camera, and at least one optical inverting device to rotate an image provided to said viewing device.
20. The diagnostic endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 19 where said optical inverting device is a double prism.
21. The diagnostic endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 18 where said illumination device comprises a fiberoptics light pipe connector, a fiberoptics light pipe, a fiberoptics light pipe holder and positioner, and a movable light rod.
22. The diagnostic endoscopic surgical instrument of claim 15 where said handle is detachably secured to said instrument in a selected one of diametrically opposed positions relative to the axis of said tube.
23. A surgical method using the instrument of claim 1 which method includes the steps of: making an incision in a patient of width corresponding substantially to that of said first and second blades; inserting the distal ends of said first and second blades through said incision; adjusting said first, second, and third adjusting mechanisms; and inserting instruments through said first and second blades and said incision into said patient.
24. The method of claim 23 and further comprising ligating a vessel which includes the steps of: surrounding a vessel with a ligating wire; pulling said wire through two portals in a plate; tightening said wire around said vessel by use of a tightening device; controlling movement of said vessel by use of a stabilizing point on said plate.
25. A vessel ligating device comprising: a wire for ligating a vessel; a plate with two ports through which said wire can pass; a tightening device for tightening said wire around said vessel; a stabilizing point for controlling movement of said vessel.
26. The vessel ligating device of claim 25 where said ports are of annular form.
27. The vessel ligating device of claim 25 where said tightening device comprises crimping said wire to said annular ports after tightening said wire around said vessel.
28. The vessel ligating device of claim 25 where said wire for ligating said vessel is knotted and comprises triangular anchors attached thereto for anchoring said wire to said plate.
PCT/US1993/002888 1992-04-08 1993-03-25 Percutaneous surgical endoscopy WO1993020741A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US86531492A true 1992-04-08 1992-04-08
US865,314 1992-04-08

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1993020741A1 true WO1993020741A1 (en) 1993-10-28

Family

ID=25345216

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/US1993/002888 WO1993020741A1 (en) 1992-04-08 1993-03-25 Percutaneous surgical endoscopy

Country Status (2)

Country Link
AU (1) AU3938493A (en)
WO (1) WO1993020741A1 (en)

Cited By (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0698374A2 (en) * 1994-07-19 1996-02-28 International Surgical Technology, Inc. Apparatus for direct access endoscopic surgery
US5588949A (en) * 1993-10-08 1996-12-31 Heartport, Inc. Stereoscopic percutaneous visualization system
US5682906A (en) * 1993-02-22 1997-11-04 Heartport, Inc. Methods of performing intracardiac procedures on an arrested heart
US5718725A (en) * 1992-12-03 1998-02-17 Heartport, Inc. Devices and methods for intracardiac procedures
US5814097A (en) * 1992-12-03 1998-09-29 Heartport, Inc. Devices and methods for intracardiac procedures
US5817062A (en) * 1996-03-12 1998-10-06 Heartport, Inc. Trocar
FR2763498A1 (en) * 1997-05-21 1998-11-27 Wolf Gmbh Richard Endoscope, especially mediastinoscope
US5846249A (en) * 1996-02-07 1998-12-08 Pinotage, Llc Video gynecological examination apparatus
US5849005A (en) * 1995-06-07 1998-12-15 Heartport, Inc. Method and apparatus for minimizing the risk of air embolism when performing a procedure in a patient's thoracic cavity
US5860992A (en) * 1996-01-31 1999-01-19 Heartport, Inc. Endoscopic suturing devices and methods
US5957832A (en) * 1993-10-08 1999-09-28 Heartport, Inc. Stereoscopic percutaneous visualization system
US6010531A (en) * 1993-02-22 2000-01-04 Heartport, Inc. Less-invasive devices and methods for cardiac valve surgery
US6125852A (en) * 1993-02-22 2000-10-03 Heartport, Inc. Minimally-invasive devices and methods for treatment of congestive heart failure
US6224545B1 (en) 1998-07-24 2001-05-01 Core Surgical, Inc. Surgical retractor and method for use
US6283127B1 (en) 1992-12-03 2001-09-04 Wesley D. Sterman Devices and methods for intracardiac procedures
US6613069B2 (en) 1993-02-22 2003-09-02 Heartport, Inc. Tunneling instrument for port access multivessel coronary artery bypass surgery
US7017581B2 (en) 1993-02-22 2006-03-28 Boyd Stephen W Devices and methods for port-access multivessel coronary artery bypass surgery
US7213601B2 (en) 1993-02-22 2007-05-08 Heartport, Inc Minimally-invasive devices and methods for treatment of congestive heart failure
EP1906809A2 (en) * 2005-06-16 2008-04-09 JGMG Bengochea, LLC Surgical retractor extensions
US7867238B2 (en) 2001-03-01 2011-01-11 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Method for using dynamic lordotic guard
US7914530B2 (en) 1988-06-13 2011-03-29 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Tissue dilator and method for performing a spinal procedure
US8517935B2 (en) 2006-01-04 2013-08-27 DePuy Synthes Products, LLC Surgical retractors and methods of minimally invasive surgery
US8550995B2 (en) 2006-01-04 2013-10-08 DePuy Synthes Products, LLC Surgical access devices and methods of minimally invasive surgery
US8734447B1 (en) 1988-06-13 2014-05-27 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Apparatus and method of inserting spinal implants
US8764755B2 (en) 2001-03-01 2014-07-01 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Method for using a guard for creating a socket posteriorly in the lumbar spine
US9066701B1 (en) 2012-02-06 2015-06-30 Nuvasive, Inc. Systems and methods for performing neurophysiologic monitoring during spine surgery
US9254126B2 (en) 2006-01-05 2016-02-09 DePuy Synthes Products, Inc. Non-rigid surgical retractor
CN105902285A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-08-31 北京航空航天大学 Expandable retractor used for breast tumor surgery
USRE46134E1 (en) 2002-04-05 2016-09-06 Warsaw Othopedic, Inc. Devices and methods for percutaneous tissue retraction and surgery
US9486133B2 (en) 2010-08-23 2016-11-08 Nuvasive, Inc. Surgical access system and related methods
US9622732B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2017-04-18 Nuvasive, Inc. Surgical access system and related methods
US9655505B1 (en) 2012-02-06 2017-05-23 Nuvasive, Inc. Systems and methods for performing neurophysiologic monitoring during spine surgery
US9757067B1 (en) 2012-11-09 2017-09-12 Nuvasive, Inc. Systems and methods for performing neurophysiologic monitoring during spine surgery
US9795367B1 (en) 2003-10-17 2017-10-24 Nuvasive, Inc. Surgical access system and related methods

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3048308A (en) * 1960-03-23 1962-08-07 Kleid Boris Self-contained combined closure and liquid dispensing unit
US3993076A (en) * 1973-08-20 1976-11-23 Fogarty Thomas J Vessel occluding instrument
US4263899A (en) * 1978-05-01 1981-04-28 Burgin Kermit H Locking adjustable speculum
US4616635A (en) * 1984-04-04 1986-10-14 Aesculap-Werke Aktiengesellschaft Surgical instrument for the splaying of wound edges
US4762120A (en) * 1983-11-08 1988-08-09 Laserscope, Inc. Endoscopic device having handle assembly and catheter assembly
US4799485A (en) * 1987-06-11 1989-01-24 Pilling Co. Neonatal subglottiscope set
US4905670A (en) * 1988-12-28 1990-03-06 Adair Edwin Lloyd Apparatus for cervical videoscopy
US4950285A (en) * 1989-11-27 1990-08-21 Wilk Peter J Suture device

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3048308A (en) * 1960-03-23 1962-08-07 Kleid Boris Self-contained combined closure and liquid dispensing unit
US3993076A (en) * 1973-08-20 1976-11-23 Fogarty Thomas J Vessel occluding instrument
US4263899A (en) * 1978-05-01 1981-04-28 Burgin Kermit H Locking adjustable speculum
US4762120A (en) * 1983-11-08 1988-08-09 Laserscope, Inc. Endoscopic device having handle assembly and catheter assembly
US4616635A (en) * 1984-04-04 1986-10-14 Aesculap-Werke Aktiengesellschaft Surgical instrument for the splaying of wound edges
US4799485A (en) * 1987-06-11 1989-01-24 Pilling Co. Neonatal subglottiscope set
US4905670A (en) * 1988-12-28 1990-03-06 Adair Edwin Lloyd Apparatus for cervical videoscopy
US4950285A (en) * 1989-11-27 1990-08-21 Wilk Peter J Suture device

Cited By (54)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8734447B1 (en) 1988-06-13 2014-05-27 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Apparatus and method of inserting spinal implants
US8353909B2 (en) 1988-06-13 2013-01-15 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Surgical instrument for distracting a spinal disc space
US7914530B2 (en) 1988-06-13 2011-03-29 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Tissue dilator and method for performing a spinal procedure
US7967833B2 (en) 1992-12-03 2011-06-28 Edwards Lifesciences Llc Devices and methods for intracardiac procedures
US6899704B2 (en) 1992-12-03 2005-05-31 Heartport, Inc. Devices and methods for intracardiac procedures
US5718725A (en) * 1992-12-03 1998-02-17 Heartport, Inc. Devices and methods for intracardiac procedures
US5814097A (en) * 1992-12-03 1998-09-29 Heartport, Inc. Devices and methods for intracardiac procedures
US6283127B1 (en) 1992-12-03 2001-09-04 Wesley D. Sterman Devices and methods for intracardiac procedures
US6125852A (en) * 1993-02-22 2000-10-03 Heartport, Inc. Minimally-invasive devices and methods for treatment of congestive heart failure
US7017581B2 (en) 1993-02-22 2006-03-28 Boyd Stephen W Devices and methods for port-access multivessel coronary artery bypass surgery
US5713951A (en) * 1993-02-22 1998-02-03 Heartport, Inc. Thoracoscopic valve prosthesis delivery device
US6802319B2 (en) 1993-02-22 2004-10-12 John H. Stevens Minimally-invasive devices and methods for treatment of congestive heart failure
US6613069B2 (en) 1993-02-22 2003-09-02 Heartport, Inc. Tunneling instrument for port access multivessel coronary artery bypass surgery
US5728151A (en) * 1993-02-22 1998-03-17 Heartport, Inc. Intercostal access devices for less-invasive cardiovascular surgery
US5682906A (en) * 1993-02-22 1997-11-04 Heartport, Inc. Methods of performing intracardiac procedures on an arrested heart
US6010531A (en) * 1993-02-22 2000-01-04 Heartport, Inc. Less-invasive devices and methods for cardiac valve surgery
US7213601B2 (en) 1993-02-22 2007-05-08 Heartport, Inc Minimally-invasive devices and methods for treatment of congestive heart failure
US5957832A (en) * 1993-10-08 1999-09-28 Heartport, Inc. Stereoscopic percutaneous visualization system
US5588949A (en) * 1993-10-08 1996-12-31 Heartport, Inc. Stereoscopic percutaneous visualization system
US6508759B1 (en) * 1993-10-08 2003-01-21 Heartport, Inc. Stereoscopic percutaneous visualization system
EP0698374A3 (en) * 1994-07-19 1996-03-13 Int Surgical Tech Inc
EP0698374A2 (en) * 1994-07-19 1996-02-28 International Surgical Technology, Inc. Apparatus for direct access endoscopic surgery
US5849005A (en) * 1995-06-07 1998-12-15 Heartport, Inc. Method and apparatus for minimizing the risk of air embolism when performing a procedure in a patient's thoracic cavity
US5860992A (en) * 1996-01-31 1999-01-19 Heartport, Inc. Endoscopic suturing devices and methods
US6589168B2 (en) 1996-02-07 2003-07-08 Robert Lee Thompson Video gynecological examination apparatus
US5846249A (en) * 1996-02-07 1998-12-08 Pinotage, Llc Video gynecological examination apparatus
US5817062A (en) * 1996-03-12 1998-10-06 Heartport, Inc. Trocar
FR2763498A1 (en) * 1997-05-21 1998-11-27 Wolf Gmbh Richard Endoscope, especially mediastinoscope
US5954632A (en) * 1997-05-21 1999-09-21 Richard Wolf Gmbh Endoscope in particular a mediastinoscope
US6224545B1 (en) 1998-07-24 2001-05-01 Core Surgical, Inc. Surgical retractor and method for use
US9597202B2 (en) 2001-03-01 2017-03-21 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Method for using a guard for creating a socket posteriorly in the spine
US7909832B2 (en) 2001-03-01 2011-03-22 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Retractor for percutaneous surgery in a patient and method for use thereof
US7998143B2 (en) 2001-03-01 2011-08-16 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Dynamic guard
US8764755B2 (en) 2001-03-01 2014-07-01 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Method for using a guard for creating a socket posteriorly in the lumbar spine
US7867238B2 (en) 2001-03-01 2011-01-11 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Method for using dynamic lordotic guard
US8372079B2 (en) 2001-03-01 2013-02-12 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Dynamic guard and method for use thereof
US9211198B2 (en) 2001-03-01 2015-12-15 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Method for using a guard for creating a socket posteriorly in the lumbar spine
USRE46134E1 (en) 2002-04-05 2016-09-06 Warsaw Othopedic, Inc. Devices and methods for percutaneous tissue retraction and surgery
USRE46148E1 (en) 2002-04-05 2016-09-20 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Devices and methods for percutaneous tissue retraction and surgery
US9795367B1 (en) 2003-10-17 2017-10-24 Nuvasive, Inc. Surgical access system and related methods
US9622732B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2017-04-18 Nuvasive, Inc. Surgical access system and related methods
US8048109B2 (en) 2005-06-16 2011-11-01 Javier Garcia-Bengochea Surgical retractor extensions
EP1906809A2 (en) * 2005-06-16 2008-04-09 JGMG Bengochea, LLC Surgical retractor extensions
EP1906809A4 (en) * 2005-06-16 2009-07-29 Jgmg Bengochea Llc Surgical retractor extensions
US8517935B2 (en) 2006-01-04 2013-08-27 DePuy Synthes Products, LLC Surgical retractors and methods of minimally invasive surgery
US8550995B2 (en) 2006-01-04 2013-10-08 DePuy Synthes Products, LLC Surgical access devices and methods of minimally invasive surgery
US9254126B2 (en) 2006-01-05 2016-02-09 DePuy Synthes Products, Inc. Non-rigid surgical retractor
US9486133B2 (en) 2010-08-23 2016-11-08 Nuvasive, Inc. Surgical access system and related methods
US9924859B2 (en) 2010-08-23 2018-03-27 Nuvasive, Inc. Surgical access system and related methods
US10172515B2 (en) 2010-08-23 2019-01-08 Nuvasive, Inc. Surgical access system and related methods
US9066701B1 (en) 2012-02-06 2015-06-30 Nuvasive, Inc. Systems and methods for performing neurophysiologic monitoring during spine surgery
US9655505B1 (en) 2012-02-06 2017-05-23 Nuvasive, Inc. Systems and methods for performing neurophysiologic monitoring during spine surgery
US9757067B1 (en) 2012-11-09 2017-09-12 Nuvasive, Inc. Systems and methods for performing neurophysiologic monitoring during spine surgery
CN105902285A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-08-31 北京航空航天大学 Expandable retractor used for breast tumor surgery

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
AU3938493A (en) 1993-11-18

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US8439831B2 (en) Laparoscopic instrument and trocar system and related surgical method
US9433435B2 (en) Laparoscopic instrument and cannula assembly and related surgical method
US6447444B1 (en) Video rectoscope
JP5289504B2 (en) Coupling surgical instrument for performing minimally invasive surgery in improved dexterity and sensitivity
US5275151A (en) Handle for deflectable catheter
EP1161174B1 (en) Controllable endoscopic sheath
EP1768544B1 (en) Minimally invasive surgical spinal exposure system
US6554766B2 (en) Endoscope device
US9107572B2 (en) Surgical method utilizing transluminal endoscope and instruments
US7476240B2 (en) Devices and methods for inserting a spinal fixation element
AU2007201673B2 (en) Endoscopic rotation
US6322500B1 (en) Minimally invasive surgical apparatus
US7887482B2 (en) Minimal access lumbar diskectomy instrumentation and method
AU2007267794B2 (en) Illuminated surgical access system including a surgical access device and integrated light emitter
US5039198A (en) Stereoscopic microsurgery system
US8021293B2 (en) Medical treatment endoscope
US6080180A (en) Surgical instrument with rotatably mounted offset end effector and method of using the same
US5997471A (en) Apparatus for guiding surgical instruments for endoscopic surgery
US5395367A (en) Laparoscopic instrument with bendable shaft and removable actuator
JP5213380B2 (en) Medical instruments
US5195506A (en) Surgical retractor for puncture operation
US20110245836A1 (en) Minimal incision maximal access mis spine instrumentation and method
CA2633245C (en) Articulating endoscopic instrument
US8617054B2 (en) Medical treatment endoscope
US5275608A (en) Generic endoscopic instrument

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AK Designated states

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AU CA HU JP KR

AL Designated countries for regional patents

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AT BE CH DE DK ES FR GB GR IE IT LU MC NL PT SE

121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application
DFPE Request for preliminary examination filed prior to expiration of 19th month from priority date (pct application filed before 20040101)
122 Ep: pct application non-entry in european phase
NENP Non-entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: CA