WO1993004576A1 - Plant for farming fish and the like - Google Patents

Plant for farming fish and the like Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO1993004576A1
WO1993004576A1 PCT/NO1992/000150 NO9200150W WO9304576A1 WO 1993004576 A1 WO1993004576 A1 WO 1993004576A1 NO 9200150 W NO9200150 W NO 9200150W WO 9304576 A1 WO9304576 A1 WO 9304576A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
net cage
sea
plant
buoyant
cage
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/NO1992/000150
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Egil Lien
Original Assignee
Sinvent A/S
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to NO913581A priority Critical patent/NO173481C/en
Priority to NO913581 priority
Application filed by Sinvent A/S filed Critical Sinvent A/S
Publication of WO1993004576A1 publication Critical patent/WO1993004576A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/60Floating cultivation devices, e.g. rafts or floating fish-farms
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

A plant for farming and storage of fish and the like in the sea of the kind comprising a net cage which is anchored to the sea bottom and provided with floats, buoyant bodies etc., so that the net cage can be supported in an expanded fashion in the sea. The plant consists of two main parts, namely an anchoring section (2) with a submerged supporting section (4) with positive buoyancy and which is anchored to the sea bottom with a plurality of preferably parallel stays (12) which lead down to sea bottom anchors (14), and a second section (10) which consists of one on the supporting section (4) releasably attached net cage whose upper edge is provided with circumferentially distributed floating members (18). The net cage includes one above the floating members (18) arranged top part (16) which preferably is upwardly conically tapered and in the top center section is provided with a buoyant body (20) adapted to float in the sea surface when the plant is in normal operative condition in the sea.

Description

"Plant for farming fish and the like".

The present invention relates to a plant for breeding, farming and storage of fish and other marine species of the kind comprising a net cage which is installed in a submerged position in the sea. The invention is particularly adapted for installation in open or offshore environments as distinct from sheltered and shallow environments.

Fish farming plants of this kind consist basically of a plurality of anchored floating bodies which are supporting a net cage downwardly suspended in the sea. In order to stabilize the net cage in a substantially vertically expanded configuration in the sea, weights and/or bottom anchorings are arranged along the bottom edge of the net cage. In connection with fish farming plants to be installed in sheltered waters, there are further arranged suitable plattforms with gangways, suspended feeding means etc.

Known plants for farming and storing or caging fish in the sea have, on account of their shape and equipment, a limited field of utilization due to the prevailing environ¬ mental forces, water depths etc. The installation site of the plants creates problems such as a risk for local contamination and traffic impediments. On this background, both fish farmers and authorities want to develop plants which can be positioned in more open, deep water areas. A more freely exposed location of the plants will also render possibilities for installation of larger plants.

In recent years, several types of fish farming plants have been developed, designed for use in offshore environments. As illustrative for the prior art in this field is referred to US Patent No. 4957064, Swedish Patent No. 450866 and Norwegian Patent No. 153991.

The US patent shows a fish cage structure consisting of a cagelike enclosure which at the top is provided with circumferentially arranged float means, designed to float in the sea surface. The net cage is upwardly open and must accordingly not be pulled down below the sea surface, other¬ wise the fish would escape. Along the bottom edge of the fish cage, weights are provided in order to tension the cage downwards. Instead of weights, the bottom edge of the cage may be provided with anchor lines to the sea bottom. On account of the interconnected, complicated floating system shown, the plant will be severely exposed to lateral forces from wind and waves.

Swedish patent no. 450866 shows a fish farming plant where the net cage consists of a lattice framework assembled from rods which are linked together in the nodes. The frame¬ work circumscribes and supports a net cage with a closed ceiling. The plant is designed for use in open waters, i.e. an "offshore" fish farming plant. The plant seems to imply two substantial drawbacks. Firstly, a such relatively tight or compact construction of the plant will be severely affected by lateral forces, i.e. environmental forces from waves, wind, stream etc. Furthermore, maintenance of the plant will be complicated, since the cage is permanently attached to the framework at a plurality of circumferentially distributed points. Growth or fouling might also represent a problem.

Norwegian patent 153991 shows a plant where a submerged cage is used, i.e. a cage which normally is positioned below the sea surface. At the installation site, the cage is pulled down to the selected level. At the top, the cage is provided with ventilation and illumination equipment. A plant with a permanently submerged fish cage will require special air supply means if the plant is to be used for breeding or farming fish belonging to the salmon family.

The main object of the present invention is to create a new design for a fish farming plant with a special view to a construction which is suitable for installation and use in deeper and more exposed or offshore environments.

A special object in this connection'is to provide a farming plant which is little influenced or vulnerable versus lateral environmental forces, such as wind, waves and stream. A further object for the invention is to provide a farming plant which is reasonable in production, maintenance and operation.

A further object for the invention is to provide a farming plant which is such designed that it with advantage can be used on large depths, f.inst. depths exceeding several hundred meters.

A still further object of the invention is to provide a plant for fish farming which is applicable for breeding various kinds of fish, such as round fish and also flatfish (flounder) and other marine species, such as shellfish.

The plant for farming and caging or storing fish and the like in accordance with the invention, is of the kind comprising a net or net cage which is anchored to the sea bottom and provided with necessary floats, buoyant members and the like, so that the net cage can be maintained in a sufficiently expanded, vertical position in the sea, and the plant in accordance with the invention is generally characterized in that it consists of two main parts, namely an anchoring section with a submerged supporting section or the like with positive buoyancy and which is anchored to the sea bottom with a plurality of preferably parallel lines which lead down to a sea bottom anchor, and a second section which consists of one on the supporting section releasably attached net cage which at an upper edge is provided with circum¬ ferentially distributed floating members, and a preferably centrally positioned buoyant body, and in that the anchoring section and the net cage with the buoyant body are such vertically dimensioned that the central buoyant body on the net cage normally will be positioned substantially at the sea surface, but subjected to environmental forces, such as waves, wind and stream, it will be pulled or pushed laterally having into effect that the net cage attains from time to time a com¬ pletely submerged position.

The net cage is preferably made in two parts, namely a lower, substantially cylindrically shaped part which along the top edge or fence is provided with float or buoyant members, and an upper, suitably substantially conically configurated section, the lower edge of which is attached to the top edge of the lower part. The upper conical section is in the uppermost central part provided with a ring-shaped buoyant member, which forms a so-called "water mirror". Such a configuration of the net cage gives rise to several advantages, of which shall be mentioned that the solution makes it very easy to hoist up and remove growths and fouling from the net cage, and such fouling will usually occur mostly on the uppermost conical part of the net cage. Furthermore, such a geometrical configuration of the net cage, having an upper conical part, will render the cage a desired accordion¬ like vertical flexibility during wave actions, simultaneously as the net cage only to a little degree will be exposed to weather, wind and stream.

A fish farming plant in accordance with the invention will in itself have a rather simple construction, and will be reasonable in production.

The anchoring of the plant with the use of a special anchoring module implies that the plant may be anchored at depths of several hundred meters, a fact which to a large degree increases the field of application.

In periods of bad weather with waves and wind, the plant will be forced laterally and attain an entirely submerged position, in which it is not exposed to those extreme dynamic loads which occur at the sea surface.

The net cage has in itself a very simple construction without large surfaces being exposed to environmental forces.

In view of the fact that the net cage is releasably attached to the anchoring module and may be hoisted up to the sea surface, maintenance and replacements are simple.

Embodiments for the invention shall be further described with reference to the enclosed drawings, wherein

Fig. 1 is a schematic, lateral view of a fully installed plant in accordance with the invention,

Figs. 2a, b and c are detail views illustrating a means for releasing and hoisting of the net cage,

Fig. 3 is a schematic, fragmentary view illustrating the net cage in a partly elevated position,

Fig. 4 is a schematic, lateral view illustrating the plant in an extreme laterally displaced position as a result of prevailing environmental forces,

Fig. 5 is a schematic, lateral view of a group of independent fish farming plants in accordance with the invention,

Fig. 6 is a plan view illustrating a further groupwise solution for fish farming plants in accordance with the invention, and

Fig. 7a and b illustrate a further embodiment of a fish farming plant in accordance with the invention, wherein the net cage is provided with a plurality of elevationally spaced floors with throughgoing apertures, which embodiment is especially adapted for housing bottom seeking fish species, such as flounder.

As illustrated in Fig. 1, a fish farm in accordance with the invention consists of an anchoring section, generally designated with the reference no. 2, comprising a support section 4 which in the shown embodiment consists of a ringshaped element 6 with positive buoyancy or provided with separate buoyant elements 8. The support section 4 is given horisontal dimensions and shape, substantially corresponding to the bottom area or floor 13 of the net cage 10. The support section 4 is anchored to the sea bottom by means of a plurality of preferably substantially parallel stays or lines 12, each of which is connected down to bottom anchors 14. The support section is provided with sufficient buoyancy to support the anchor stays 12 under tension, thereby stabilizing the system in horisontal direction, so that the support section is supported in a preselected, substantially horisontal position in the sea. The rigidity of the system in horisontal direction may be varied by varying the buoyancy of the support section 4 and the buoyant elements 8.

To the support section 4 is releasably attached the net cage 10, which in plan view may be circular or for instance squarely shaped, having sidewalls 11, a bottom floor 13, and furthermore with an upwardly tapered top section 16. The net cage 10 is at the uppermost edge 15 provided with circum¬ erentially distributed floating members 18. The top section 16 is uppermost provided with a ringshaped buoyant body 20 adapted to rest and float in the sea surface. On top of the ringshaped buoyant body 20 is suitably mounted a screenshaped dome 21. The buoyant body 20 will normally rest in the sea surface and thereby form a centrally located "water mirror", and using a screenshaped dome prevents birds, seals and the like from entering into the net cage and also prevents the fish from escaping«

A plant in accordance with the invention is suitably given such vertical dimensions, among other things by adjusting the length or height of the anchoring stays relative to the sea depth, that the upper central buoyant body 20 attached to the top part of the top section 16 is floating in the sea surface and forming a water mirror, simultaneously as the upper part 16 of the net cage is suspended with a slack (as shown) down to the buoyant members of the net cage. Thereby is obtained a vertical flexibility of the buoyant system able to absorb minor or normal wave actions and tidal changes. In situations with larger wave actions some of the floating members 18 will be pushed towards the center of the plant and thereby render geometrical flexibility when the buoyant body 20 moves upwards subjected to waves. Thereby undesirable jerks against the cage net and the buoyant members are avoided.

Fig. 2a, b and c are detail views illustrating a means facilitating release and hoisting up of the net cage to desired elevational level. On the support member for the anchoring module or on the buoyant elements 8 are mounted a suitable number of circumferentially distributed quick couplings, each comprising a snap lock 24, having a bushing 26 and a locking pin 28, to which is attached a hoisting line 30 passing down through the bushing to a sheave or block 32, and from there up to a slide ring 34 or the like at the top edge of the net cage, and from there extending to an attachment point 36 on the floating members 18 or the buoyant body 20. The snap lock may suitably be such devised that at one single downward pushing of the pin, the same is locked, and by a renewed second down pushing, the locking pin will be released. By operating a quick coupling like this, the net cage can be released from a sea surface position by means of the hoisting line without requiring assistance from a diver. When the net cage is released, the same can be hoisted up, for instance by utilizing a winch mounted on a vessel (not shown) . In practical operation, it may frequently be desirable to hoist the net cage up to a position such that the floating members 18 are resting in the sea surface, such as illustrated in Fig. 2c, for instance in order to remove or clean the uppermost part, the socalled top section of the net cage, for floating debris, seaweed, fouling and the like. A hoisting up or raising of the net cage may otherwise take place without use of a winch, since when the hoisting line is released at its uppermost position, the top edge 15 of the net cage will elevate to the sea surface by means of the floating members 18. If the net cage shall be replaced, the. same is hoisted up, the bottom of the net cage is released from the hoisting line by means of the locking mechanisms which are arranged at suitable spacings around the bottom of the net cage, where¬ after a new net cage is installed. When a new net cage is attached on the pins in the locking mechanisms, the net cage is pulled down by attaching the hoisting line to a winch mounted on a nearby vessel.

Fig. 3 is a schematic lateral view, illustrating the net cage in a partly elevated position, so that the floating members 18 are positioned in the sea surface, for instance in order the cleanse the upper conical part of the net cage, as mentioned previously.

Fig. 4 is a similar schematic lateral view of the entire fish farming plant in two different modes of operation. In the position or mode "A" shown to the right, the plant has attained a laterally displaced position due to lateral forces created by strong wind and stream. Due to the structural design of the plant, the support section 4 including the bottom of the net cage is being kept in a substantially horisontal position, also in the shown laterally displaced position. The net cage will, however, be physically laterally displaced relative to the anchoring, and the same situation will to a large degree count also for the top section of the net cage. This is an advantage, because hereby the dynamic loads on the net cage is reduced. The conically shaped top section of the net cage will further result in a reduction of prevailing dynamic lateral forces on the entire plant, both during normal and during extreme weather conditions, a fact which reduces the loads on the anchoring and also the combined loads on the net cage as well as on the anchoring module. The mode B shown to the left in Fig. 4 illustrates the fish farming plant during fair weather conditions with little or no stream.

It will be understood that a fish farming plant in accordance with the invention will be particularly applicable on relatively large sea depths, since at large sea depths, a given deviation angle, given as a function of buoyancy and horisontal forces, results in a larger downward movement of the net cage, a fact making it possible for the net cage to be relatively easily pulled down to a submerged position. Also this fact will imply an advantage, since fish will instinc¬ tively seek towards deeper waters during bad weather conditions, and will be more comfortable in a submerged net cage subjected to such conditions.

The uppermost section of the net cage, the socalled top section, which preferably is conically shaped as shown, and the domeshaped buoyant body at the top, constitute an important functional part in the plant, since this particular configuration implies, as previously mentioned, that the upper part of the net cage subjected to normal wave actions will fluctuate up and down in the sea simultaneously as the ringshaped floating member will rest in the sea surface and provide a water mirror in the net cage, a fact which is necessary in connection with farming of fish such as salmon fish which is dependent upon the possibility to swim up to the surface in order to snatch air for its swimming bladder. A submersion of limited time due to bad weather has, however, little or no influence on the health condition of the fish, and as mentioned, fish will normally seek down to deeper waters in bad weather.

Regarding the top section or conical part of the net cage, this part may with advantage be releasably attached to the top edge of the cylindrical part of the net cage, so that the same may be replaced for cleansing. During such an operation, the floating members 18 will prevent the fish from escaping.

Fig. 5 is a schematic perspective view, illustrating a group of fish farming plants 40, 40 etc. in accordance with the invention, placed side by side.

Fig. 6 illustrates a further positional arrangement, where a number of plants 44, 46 etc. are positioned around a central working platform 48 or the like. A such working platform may, during quiet weather conditions, be moved sideways close to each separate net cage by winching the platform towards the net cages by means of the anchoring lines 50. In connection with conventionally interconnected net cages (distributed anchoring) , such an operation will be impossible due to crossing lines.

Fig. 7a and b illustrate a further embodiment of a net cage configuration used in a fish farm in accordance with the invention. In this embodiment, the net cage is provided with one or several vertically spaced floors or shelves 50,50 etc. The floors are provided with one or more openings, in the shown version provided with central openings 52, as shown, providing a vertical throughgoing opening or shaft through the floors down to the bottom floor 13. A net cage provided with the shown supplementary floors will be especially adapted for breeding flatfish such as flounder, i.e. socalled bottom living or seeking fish. By installing a number of supplementary mutually spaced floors as shown, the total bottom or floor area of the net cage will be multiplied, implying that the net cage will have a correspondingly multiplied capacity for breeding such fishes. By providing the floor 50 with openings, the fish is free to circulate to various elevations in the cage.

Claims

Patent Claims 1. Plant for farming and storage of fish and the like in the sea of the kind comprising a net cage which is anchored to the sea bottom and provided with floats, buoyant bodies etc., so that the net cage can be maintained in a sufficiently expanded position in the sea, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that said plant consists of two main parts, namely an anchoring section (2) with a submerged supporting section (4) with positive buoyancy and which is anchored to the sea bottom with a plurality of preferably parallel lines (12) which lead down to a sea bottom anchor (14) , and a second section (10) which consists of one on the supporting section releasably attached net cage which at an upper edge is provided with circum¬ ferentially distributed floating members (18) , said net cage including one on the top side of the floating members (18) arranged upper part or top part (16) which preferably is upwardly conically tapered and in the top center is provided with a buoyant body (20) adapted to float in the sea surface when the plant is in normal operative condition in the sea.
2. Plant according to claim 1, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the anchoring section (2) and the net cage (10) are given such dimensions that the upper part (16) of the net cage above the floating members (18) normally is suspended as a skirt with a slack up to the sea surface and is supported by the buoyant body (20) , in order thereby to absorb tide water variations and smaller waves without imposing a substantial load on the buoyant body (20) and creating a risk of pulling the buoyant body (20) below the sea surface.
3. Plant according to claim 1, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the buoyant body (20) is configurated as a ringshaped element covered with a screenformed cage-like dome (21) .
4. Plant according to any of preceding claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the upper part (16) of the net cage is releasably attached to the cylindrical part of the net cage (10) .
5. Plant according to any of the preceding claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the net cage (10) is re¬ leasably and hoistably mounted on the supporting section (4) .
6. Plant according to claim 5, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the net cage (10) is releasably attached to the support section (4) by means of lines running through circumferentially distributed blocks mounted on the support section (4) , which lines thereafter extend up to the sea surface and suitably are attached to the buoyant body (20) .
7. Plant according to claim 6, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the net cage (10) is releasably attached to the support section (4) by means of interconnected quick couplings (24) operable from the sea surface.
8. Plant according to claim 6 or 7, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the net cage (10) is releasably attached by means of a quick coupling (24) which is operable from the sea surface and is further attached by means of a plurality of lines (30) passing through sheaves or blocks (32) mounted on the support section, such that the net cage, possibly a new net cage in case of replacement, may be pulled down to the support section and be attached thereto utilizing the quick couplings (24) .
9. Plant according to any of the claims 6 to 8, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that each of the quick couplings
(24) consists of a locking pin (28) adapted to be put into a complementary locking bushing (26) provided with locking means, and in that a hoisting line (30) is attached to the end of the locking pin (28) and is passing through said locking bushing to the bottom of same and from there via a block (32) up to the sea surface.
10. Plant in accordance with any of preceding claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the net cage is provided with one or more supplementary substantially horisontal extending floors (50) with one or more openings (52) , which floor or floors function as substrate for bottom seeking fishes, such as flounder.
11. Plant in accordance with claim 9, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the net cage is provided with a plurality of elevationally spaced floors (50) , each of which is provided with a central opening (52) , thereby presenting a vertically open shaft through the supplementary floors.
PCT/NO1992/000150 1991-09-11 1992-09-11 Plant for farming fish and the like WO1993004576A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
NO913581A NO173481C (en) 1991-09-11 1991-09-11 Facilities for farming and storage of fish etc. in the sea
NO913581 1991-09-11

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP5505124A JPH06510430A (en) 1991-09-11 1992-09-11
EP92920214A EP0612209B1 (en) 1991-09-11 1992-09-11 Plant for farming fish and the like
US08/204,356 US5477813A (en) 1991-09-11 1992-09-11 Plant for farming fish and shellfish
GR970400928T GR3023263T3 (en) 1991-09-11 1997-04-22 Plant for farming fish and the like.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1993004576A1 true WO1993004576A1 (en) 1993-03-18

Family

ID=19894453

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/NO1992/000150 WO1993004576A1 (en) 1991-09-11 1992-09-11 Plant for farming fish and the like

Country Status (9)

Country Link
US (1) US5477813A (en)
EP (1) EP0612209B1 (en)
JP (1) JPH06510430A (en)
AU (1) AU2596292A (en)
CA (1) CA2118580A1 (en)
ES (1) ES2099281T3 (en)
GR (1) GR3023263T3 (en)
NO (1) NO173481C (en)
WO (1) WO1993004576A1 (en)

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WO1998031217A1 (en) * 1997-01-20 1998-07-23 Refa As Assembly for floating cages for fish
WO2000049858A1 (en) * 1999-02-12 2000-08-31 Refa As Equipment for flat-bottom floating cage
US6379952B1 (en) 1999-02-01 2002-04-30 3M Innovative Properties Company Method for cell selection utilizing azlactone-functional supports
GB2437642A (en) * 2006-04-25 2007-10-31 Maris Fish Ranches Ltd Net array for fish farming
WO2013066191A1 (en) * 2011-11-03 2013-05-10 Egersund Net As Device for a fish farming net cage and a method of reducing exposure of farmed fish to pathogenic plankton upon use thereof
CN104304130A (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-01-28 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 High-density environment-friendly aquaculture net cage
WO2018091431A1 (en) * 2016-11-15 2018-05-24 Marine Constructions As Net for submersible marine fish pen
RU2707942C2 (en) * 2017-02-20 2019-12-02 Леонид Юрьевич Бугров Submersible cage separating apparatus for growing aquatic organisms
GB2583130A (en) * 2019-04-18 2020-10-21 Impact9 Energy And Marine Ltd A submersible pen system

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US6223689B1 (en) * 1999-02-10 2001-05-01 Gregory John Nelson Nelson trawlers aquaculture unit
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CN100407909C (en) * 2007-02-06 2008-08-06 天津市水产研究所 Controllable environment-friendly type fish culture box
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JP5616555B1 (en) * 2014-05-02 2014-10-29 鈴木 雅雄 Fish farming support tool and fish farming method
CN104067960B (en) * 2014-05-14 2016-01-13 三沙蓝海海洋工程有限公司 Anti-stormy wave cultivation net cage system in the open ocean that can assemble on the spot on the water and reef dish
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Cited By (11)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1998031217A1 (en) * 1997-01-20 1998-07-23 Refa As Assembly for floating cages for fish
US6379952B1 (en) 1999-02-01 2002-04-30 3M Innovative Properties Company Method for cell selection utilizing azlactone-functional supports
WO2000049858A1 (en) * 1999-02-12 2000-08-31 Refa As Equipment for flat-bottom floating cage
GB2437642A (en) * 2006-04-25 2007-10-31 Maris Fish Ranches Ltd Net array for fish farming
WO2013066191A1 (en) * 2011-11-03 2013-05-10 Egersund Net As Device for a fish farming net cage and a method of reducing exposure of farmed fish to pathogenic plankton upon use thereof
EP2773189A4 (en) * 2011-11-03 2015-07-01 Egersund Net As Device for a fish farming net cage and a method of reducing exposure of farmed fish to pathogenic plankton upon use thereof
CN104304130A (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-01-28 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 High-density environment-friendly aquaculture net cage
CN104304130B (en) * 2014-11-03 2016-09-14 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 High density environment-protecting cultivation net cage
WO2018091431A1 (en) * 2016-11-15 2018-05-24 Marine Constructions As Net for submersible marine fish pen
RU2707942C2 (en) * 2017-02-20 2019-12-02 Леонид Юрьевич Бугров Submersible cage separating apparatus for growing aquatic organisms
GB2583130A (en) * 2019-04-18 2020-10-21 Impact9 Energy And Marine Ltd A submersible pen system

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CA2118580A1 (en) 1993-03-18
NO173481C (en) 1993-12-22
NO913581L (en) 1993-03-12
GR3023263T3 (en) 1997-07-30
NO173481B (en) 1993-09-13
EP0612209A1 (en) 1994-08-31
NO913581D0 (en) 1991-09-11
AU2596292A (en) 1993-04-05
US5477813A (en) 1995-12-26
EP0612209B1 (en) 1997-01-22
JPH06510430A (en) 1994-11-24
ES2099281T3 (en) 1997-05-16

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