Connect public, paid and private patent data with Google Patents Public Datasets

Security device

Info

Publication number
WO1992016395A1
WO1992016395A1 PCT/GB1992/000439 GB9200439W WO1992016395A1 WO 1992016395 A1 WO1992016395 A1 WO 1992016395A1 GB 9200439 W GB9200439 W GB 9200439W WO 1992016395 A1 WO1992016395 A1 WO 1992016395A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
circuit
housing
key
steering
locking
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/GB1992/000439
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Mark Ian Tobin
Original Assignee
Mark Ian Tobin
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R25/00Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles
    • B60R25/01Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles operating on vehicle systems or fittings, e.g. on doors, seats or windscreens
    • B60R25/02Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles operating on vehicle systems or fittings, e.g. on doors, seats or windscreens operating on the steering mechanism
    • B60R25/021Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles operating on vehicle systems or fittings, e.g. on doors, seats or windscreens operating on the steering mechanism restraining movement of the steering column or steering wheel hub, e.g. restraining means controlled by ignition switch
    • B60R25/0215Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles operating on vehicle systems or fittings, e.g. on doors, seats or windscreens operating on the steering mechanism restraining movement of the steering column or steering wheel hub, e.g. restraining means controlled by ignition switch using electric means, e.g. electric motors or solenoids
    • B60R25/02153Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles operating on vehicle systems or fittings, e.g. on doors, seats or windscreens operating on the steering mechanism restraining movement of the steering column or steering wheel hub, e.g. restraining means controlled by ignition switch using electric means, e.g. electric motors or solenoids comprising a locking member radially and linearly moved towards the steering column

Abstract

A security device primarily for preventing theft of motor vehicles comprises a rigid metal housing (6) containing a component (10), such as the steering column lock of a vehicle, movable between operative and inoperative modes, a first electronic circuit, conveniently in the form of a first microchip, within the housing (6) for causing movement of the component (10) between its operative and inoperative modes, a receptor socket (22) remote from the housing (6) and electronically interconnected with the first electronic circuit, and an intelligent coded key (24) incorporating a second electronic circuit, conveniently in the form of second microchip, insertion of the key (24) into the receptor socket (22), resulting in the transmission of coded signals between the first and second circuits, reception by the first circuit of an approved signal from the second circuit resulting in the component (10) being moved from its inoperative mode to its operative mode.

Description

SECURITY DEVICE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to security devices and has particular though not exclusive application to such devices for preventing the theft of motor vehicles.

The theft of cars is a major problem worldwide. Apart from the inconvenience caused to the owner of the vehicle, there is a significant cost element associated with the involvement of insurance companies and the police.

Numerous attempts have been made to combat car theft the majority of which comprise the installation of alarm systems. However most of these alarm systems require installation by someone with a knowledge of car electrics, and are therefore quite expensive, while those that are easily fitted by the owner can usually-be easily removed by a potential thief.

Wheel clamps are now available but these are extremely bulky and inconvenient, while there have been improvements in the steering locks fitted by the car manufacturers, but most of these can still be defeated by a serious thief.

The major problem with steering locks is that the key is mechanically connected to the locking mechanism. No matter how secure the key/lock mechanism is, once the barrel has been removed or broken off, the steering lock is readily accessible for operation by a pair of pliers or a screwdriver, while the car engine can be started by simply short-circuiting a pair of wires. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

It would be desirable to be able to provide a security device less vulnerable than heretofore, and in particular a .security device of this type particularly suited to mounting on a motor vehicle to make the theft of the vehicle more of a problem than heretofore.

According to the present invention there is provided a security device comprising a rigid housing containing a component having inoperative and operative modes, said housing further containing a first electronic circuit associated with said component and operable to switch said component between its inoperative and operative modes, a receptor socket for location remotely from the housing and electronically interconnected with said first circuit, and a key incorporating a second electronic circuit and adapted for insertion into said receptor socket, the arrangement being such that, on insertion of the key into the receptor socket, coded signals are transmitted between the first and second circuits whereby, on reception by the first circuit of an approved signal from the second circuit, the component is switched from its inoperative mode to its operative mode.

In a preferred application of the invention, the security device is incorporated in the steering column of a vehicle.

In such an application the security device comprises a rigid housing secured in the vehicle with the steering column thereof extending through said housing, a locking bolt contained within said housing and movable into and out of engagement with the steering column into a locking position and a release position to prevent and permit rotation of the steering column respectively, a first electronic circuit contained within said housing and operable to move the locking bolt between its locking position and its release position, a receptor socket preferably located on the steering column and electronically interconnected with said first electronic circuit, and a key for location in said receptor socket, said key incorporating a second electronic circuit whereby, on insertion of the key into the receptor socket, coded signals are transmitted between the first and second circuits, receipt by the first circuit of an approved signal from the second circuit resulting in movement of the locking bolt from its locking position to its release position.

Preferably the locking bolt is resiliently urged towards its locking position, the housing including an electric motor which, on receipt of the approved signal by the first electronic circuit, is actuated by said first electronic circuit to drive the locking bolt into its release position.

Conveniently the security device includes a source of power connected to the first electronic circuit and to the the receptor socket, insertion of the key into said socket completing the second electronic circuit in said key.

In one embodiment of the invention, the first electronic circuit is connected to one or more auxiliary pieces of equipment within the vehicle whereby, on reception of the approved signal from the second circuit, said auxiliary pieces of equipment are either actuated or made available for actuation. Preferably the housing comprises a steel casing bolted or otherwise secured to a bulkhead of the vehicle.

Conveniently, on disconnection of the power supply from the first electronic circuit, and with the component in its operative mode, said component remains in its operative mode. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Fig. 1 shows a security device according to the invention applied to the steering column of a motor vehicle,

Figs. 2a,2b and 2c are transverse sections through the housing and steering column of the device of Fig. 1 showing the locking bolt in its released position, its lock position prior to engagement with the associated recess in the steering column, and its engaged locking position respectively,

Fig. 3 is an end view in the direction of arrow 'A' in Fig. 2a of the components within the housing, and

Fig. 4 is a front view in the direction of arrow 'B' in Fig. 2a of the components within the housing. DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Referring to Fig. 1 of the drawings there is shown a conventional steering column assembly to which the security device of the invention has been fitted, the assembly including a rotatable column 2 to the upper end of which is secured a steering wheel 4.

A rigid steel, box-like housing 6 is securely bolted or otherwise attached to a bulkhead of the vehicle with the steering column 2 extending through the housing 6, said column 2 incorporating a recess or slot 8 therein into and out of which can be moved a locking bolt 10 as will be detailed below. The housing 6 may be secured within the vehicle other than to a bulkhead, providing the attachment is secure and the steering column 2 extends therethrough.

More particularly, the locking bolt 10 is mounted within a carrier 12 contained within the housing 6, the bolt 10 being resiliently urged by a coiled compression spring 14 to a normal position in which the nose end of the bolt 10 projects from the carrier 12 as seen in Fig. 2a.

The carrier 12 can be driven towards and away from the steering column 2 in the direction of arrow 'M' in Fig. 2a by means of a servo-assisted electric motor 16 also contained within the housing 2. The motor 14 drives a rotatable gear wheel 18 which engages with a corresponding rack 20 on the carrier 12 whereby appropriate controlled rotary movement of the gear wheel 18 is translated into linear movement of the carrier 12.

Fig. 2a shows the steering colum 2 in its unlocked condition permitting rotation thereof, the carrier 12 being in its fully displaced position remote from the steering columm whereby the nose end of the bolt 10 is displaced from the slot 8 in the steering column.

Fig. 2b shows the carrier member 12 having been driven by the motor 16 into an operative position adjacent the steering column with the bolt 10 engaging the outer surface of the column 2 and with the spring 14 compressed.

Subsequent turning of the steering columnm 2 into the position shown in Fig. 2c in which the slot 8 is axially aligned with the bolt 10 results in the nose end of the bolt 10 entering the slot 8 under the influence of the spring 14 and whereby the steering column is effectively locked.

Unlocking of the steering column 2 is achieved by appropriate powering of the motor 16 to withdraw the carrier 12 and the bolt 10 from the position shown in Fig. 2c to that shown in Fig. 2a.

This control of the motor 16 is achieved using the following system.

Also contained within the rigid housing 6 is an integrated electronic control circuit in the form of a master microchip, a power lead from the vehicle battery feeding said circuit.

It is to be emphasised that, the housing 6 effectively comprises a security safe whereby access to any of the components within the housing 6 is prevented.

Mounted on a conventional fixed sleeve 20 surrounding the steering column 2, ad acent the steering wheel 4, is a receptor socket 22 electronically interconnected with the control circuit in the housing 6 either by hard-wiring or otherwise.

The system further includes an intelligent electronic key 24 for location within the receptor socket 22, the key incorporating an integrated circuit in the form of a single microchip adapted to transmit a predetermined coded signal.

In the illustrated arrangement, the key includes a cylindrical plug portion 26 and the socket 22 is of hollow cylindrical shape to receive said plug portion 26 in the manner of a phono plug and socket combination. However the electronic key may be of, for example, credit card shape and the socket of corresponding slit shape, while other electronic information carriers may be used.

On insertion of the key 24 into the socket 22, power is established to the microchip within the key 24 and the predetermined coded signal is transmitted thereby to be received at the control circuit within the housing 6.

The master microchip in said control circuit is programmed to recognise a particular coded signal so that, when mutual recognition between the circuits of the key 24 and the housing 6 occurs, the circuit within the housing 6 actuates associated electrical equipment, in this case the servo-assisted electric motor 16 whereby the bolt 10 is withdrawn from -its locking position of Fig. 2c to its unlocked position of Fig. 2a.

The control circuit within the housing 6 may also be connected to auxiliary equipment indicated by the boxes 'X' and 'Y' in Fig. 1, such as vehicle stereo equipment, the engine management system of the vehicle, a car telephone or other internal communication equipment, a lockable valuables compartment, supplementary burglar alarms and the like. All such auxiliary equipment would be provided with a slave microchip programmed with the same code as the key 24. Thus, on receipt of the approved signal by the control circuit within the housing 6 from the key 24, the auxiliary equipment will either be actuated or made available for actuation.

Thus it will be appreciated that the location of the steering column locking mechanism within a rigid housing or safe to which access is desired prevents any direct tampering with the locking mechanism itself, while movement of the locking mechanism is totally under electronic control and requires the use of an intelligent, specifically-coded key.

The circuitry of the security device of the invention is so arranged that, on insertion of the key 24 into the receptor socket 22, the circuitry compares the codes of the signals being transmitted and, if the correct key is being used, the locking mechanism is released and the auxiliary equipment is operated.

If, upon insertion of the correct key, the friction upon the locking bolt 10 as a result of its engagement with the steering column 2 as in Fig. 2b_ is in excess of a predetermined value, an overload protection circuit is actuated to prevent damage to the motor 16, the circuitry being such as to keep attempting to unlock the mechanism every second or so until the friction is reduced to an acceptable level.

On removal of the key 24 from the socket 22, the bolt 10 would be moved to its locking position of Fig. 2 and the auxiliary equipment would cease to function.

Conveniently the circuitry includes a lockout function such that, if a potential thief inserted a key 24 into the receptor socket 22 and connected the key to a computer with a view to breaking the code by running a series of different combinations to the key, the circuitry would lockout for a predetermined time, typically 5 to 10 seconds, between each combination. This would hinder the potential thief sufficiently to make an attempt to break the code futile.-

The circuitry is preferably designed such that, in the event of a malfunction, the locking mechanism would remain disengaged from the steering column as long as the key was inserted in the socket.

If there is a power failure or any other malfunction, the locking mechanism will remain in its existing mode.

If anyone tampers with any electrical wiring feeding into or out of the housing 6, the circuitry is protected against de-activation due to reversing polarity, overloading, cutting of wires and the like.

Although the key 24 is preferably self-supporting, in that there are no batteries in it to go flat, power for the circuitry thereih being obtained from contacts within the socket 22, the key may incoporate a battery.

The vehicle may incorporate an auxiliary alarm including sensors within the vehicle to determine the presence of an intruder, and a siren for sounding on intrusion. The alarm would be interconnected with the circuitry within the housing 6 in such a manner that, on entering the vehicle, the intruder would activate the sensors which would send a signal to the circuitry within the housing 6. This circuitry would immediately send a signal to the siren, and, if, within a given period of say 5 seconds, the correct coded key 24 is not inserted into the socket 22, the siren would sound. The siren would be a totally self-contained unit with its own power source and fitted under the dash or any other inaccessible place.

Although described in relation to the control of . a locking bolt of a vehicle steering system, the invention has numerous other applications where a component or equipment within a rigid housing is to be moved between two different modes or conditions.

Whatever the application, the security device can be installed extremely quickly and at relatively low cost whilst at the same time providing a virtually thief-proof system.

Claims

CLAIMS 1. A security device comprising a rigid housing (6) containing a component (10) having inoperative and operative modes, said housing (6) further containing a first electronic circuit associated with said component (10) and operable to switch said component (10) between its inoperative and operative modes, a receptor socket (22) for location remotely from the housing (6) and electronically interconnected with said first circuit, and a key (24) incorporating a second electronic circuit and adapted for insertion into said receptor socket (22), the arrangement being such that, on insertion of the key (24) into the receptor socket (22), coded signals are transmitted between the first and second circuits whereby, on reception by the first circuit of 'an approved signal from the second circuit, the component (10) is switched from its inoperative mode to its operative mode.
2. A security device as claimed in claim 1 for the steering column of a vehicle, the device comprising a rigid housing (6) secured in the vehicle with the steering column (2) extending through said housing (6), a locking bolt (10) contained within said housing (6) and movable into and out of engagement with the steering column (2) into a locking position and a release position to prevent and permit rotation of the steering column (2) respectively, a first electronic circuit contained within said housing (6) and operable to move the locking bolt (10) between its locking position and its release position, a receptor socket (22) electronically interconnected with said first electronic circuit, and a key (24) for location in said receptor socket (22), said key (2 ) incorporating a second electronic circuit whereby, on insertion of the key (24) into the receptor socket (22), coded signals are transmitted between the first and second circuits, receipt by the first circuit of an approved signal from the second circuit resulting in movement of the locking bolt (10) from its locking position to its release position.
3. A security device as claimed in claim 2 in which the locking bolt (10) is resiliently urged towards its locking position, the housing (6) including an electric motor (16) which, on receipt of the approved signal by the first electronic circuit, is actuated by said first electronic circuit to drive, the locking bolt (10) into its release position.
4. A security device as claimed in claim 2 and including a source of power connected to the first electronic circuit and to the receptor socket (22), insertion of the key (24) into said socket (22) completing the second electronic circuit in said key (24).
5. A security device as claimed in claim 2 in which the first electronic circuit is connected to one or more auxiliary pieces of equipment (X,Y) within the vehicle whereby, on reception of the approved signal from the second circuit, said auxiliary pieces of equipment (X,Y) are either actuated or made available for actuation.
6. A security device as claimed in claim 2 in which the housing (6) comprises a steel casing bolted or otherwise secured to a bulkhead of the vehicle-.
7. A security device as claimed in claim 2 in which a source of power is connected to the first electronic circuit in such a manner that, with the component in its operative mode and on disconnection of the power source from the first electronic circuit, the component remains in its operative mode.
PCT/GB1992/000439 1991-03-15 1992-03-12 Security device WO1992016395A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB9105578.0 1991-03-15
GB9105578A GB9105578D0 (en) 1991-03-15 1991-03-15 Security system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1992016395A1 true true WO1992016395A1 (en) 1992-10-01

Family

ID=10691678

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/GB1992/000439 WO1992016395A1 (en) 1991-03-15 1992-03-12 Security device

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0575427A1 (en)
GB (1) GB9105578D0 (en)
WO (1) WO1992016395A1 (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2703641A1 (en) * 1993-04-06 1994-10-14 Coffournic Yves Antitheft device for a motor vehicle, causing locking of the steering and various effects of technical, audible, visual or radio-controlled nature, in the event of attempted break-in or theft
EP0706921A1 (en) * 1994-10-14 1996-04-17 Manuel Martins Device for acces control for vehicles
EP0764566A1 (en) * 1995-09-21 1997-03-26 Valeo Securite Habitacle Electrically driven vehicle steering lock
FR2748710A1 (en) * 1996-05-17 1997-11-21 Valeo Securite Habitacle Motorised automobile steering column lock with improved switches
WO1999014085A1 (en) * 1997-09-12 1999-03-25 Robert Bosch Gmbh Vehicle locking system
EP0844154A3 (en) * 1996-11-13 1999-11-24 Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai Rika Denki Seisakusho Steering lock system
EP1174314A3 (en) * 2000-07-18 2002-07-24 Trw Italia S.P.A. Electric vehicle steering lock
EP1329368A2 (en) * 2002-01-17 2003-07-23 Koyo Seiko Co., Ltd. Steering locking device
EP2837532A1 (en) * 2013-08-14 2015-02-18 Audi Ag Locking device for a vehicle steering column

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2487274A1 (en) * 1980-07-23 1982-01-29 Antivols Simplex Sa Electromechanical vehicle steering lock - uses punched card key with LED sensor and microprocessor controlling motor-operated locking bolt
DE3318415C1 (en) * 1983-05-20 1984-08-23 Huelsbeck & Fuerst Steering-wheel and ignition lock for motor vehicles
DE3306863A1 (en) * 1983-02-26 1984-09-06 Daimler Benz Ag Lock system for motor vehicles, in particular steering lock system
GB2226593A (en) * 1988-12-30 1990-07-04 Ivan Anastasovski Digital electronic lock

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2487274A1 (en) * 1980-07-23 1982-01-29 Antivols Simplex Sa Electromechanical vehicle steering lock - uses punched card key with LED sensor and microprocessor controlling motor-operated locking bolt
DE3306863A1 (en) * 1983-02-26 1984-09-06 Daimler Benz Ag Lock system for motor vehicles, in particular steering lock system
DE3318415C1 (en) * 1983-05-20 1984-08-23 Huelsbeck & Fuerst Steering-wheel and ignition lock for motor vehicles
GB2226593A (en) * 1988-12-30 1990-07-04 Ivan Anastasovski Digital electronic lock

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2703641A1 (en) * 1993-04-06 1994-10-14 Coffournic Yves Antitheft device for a motor vehicle, causing locking of the steering and various effects of technical, audible, visual or radio-controlled nature, in the event of attempted break-in or theft
FR2725674A1 (en) * 1994-10-14 1996-04-19 Martins Manuel New access control device for vehicle
EP0706921A1 (en) * 1994-10-14 1996-04-17 Manuel Martins Device for acces control for vehicles
EP0764566A1 (en) * 1995-09-21 1997-03-26 Valeo Securite Habitacle Electrically driven vehicle steering lock
FR2739073A1 (en) * 1995-09-21 1997-03-28 Valeo Securite Habitacle Antitheft electrically powered motor vehicle steering
FR2748710A1 (en) * 1996-05-17 1997-11-21 Valeo Securite Habitacle Motorised automobile steering column lock with improved switches
US6125671A (en) * 1996-11-13 2000-10-03 Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai Rika Denki Seisakusho Steering lock system
US6295848B1 (en) 1996-11-13 2001-10-02 Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation Steering lock system
EP0844154A3 (en) * 1996-11-13 1999-11-24 Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai Rika Denki Seisakusho Steering lock system
WO1999014085A1 (en) * 1997-09-12 1999-03-25 Robert Bosch Gmbh Vehicle locking system
US6354120B1 (en) 1997-09-12 2002-03-12 Robert Bosch Gmbh Vehicle locking system
EP1174314A3 (en) * 2000-07-18 2002-07-24 Trw Italia S.P.A. Electric vehicle steering lock
EP1329368A2 (en) * 2002-01-17 2003-07-23 Koyo Seiko Co., Ltd. Steering locking device
EP1329368A3 (en) * 2002-01-17 2004-01-21 Koyo Seiko Co., Ltd. Steering locking device
EP2837532A1 (en) * 2013-08-14 2015-02-18 Audi Ag Locking device for a vehicle steering column

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
GB9105578D0 (en) 1991-05-01 grant
EP0575427A1 (en) 1993-12-29 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5808372A (en) Ignition key-vehicle communication device which is protected against incorrect operation
US5977654A (en) Anti-theft System for disabling a vehicle engine that includes a multi-contact switch for disconnecting the battery and loading the vehicle electrical system
US4640106A (en) Device for preventing unauthorized use of a cassette tape deck
US6351206B1 (en) Antitheft protection system for a motor vehicle
US6354120B1 (en) Vehicle locking system
US5021916A (en) Theft deterring security system for attachment to powered appliances
US4755799A (en) Microcomputer controlled combination lock security system
US6480117B1 (en) Vehicle control system including token verification and code reset features for electrically connected token
US5604384A (en) Anti-theft device for motor vehicle
US20040055345A1 (en) Door lock system for trailers and cargo containers
US5467070A (en) Vehicle security system with secure valet switch
US4691801A (en) Vehicle protection device
US7061137B2 (en) Vehicle data communications bus disrupter and associated methods
US5006843A (en) Security module to preclude unauthorized users to operate motor driven equipment and to protect valuable parts of the motor from unauthorized exchange
US5693987A (en) Vehicle keyless deadbolt locking system
US6127922A (en) Vehicle security system with remote systems control
US5506563A (en) Motor vehicle anti-theft security system
US4741185A (en) Vehicular tape deck locking and lock-state indicating arrangement
US5511832A (en) Control bolt actuating device
US4682062A (en) Anti-theft system for motor vehicles
US4970494A (en) Radio controlled home security system
US5635899A (en) Vehicle anti-theft device and system
US5623245A (en) Remotely activated vehicle anti-theft and anti-carjacking device
US6429768B1 (en) Vehicle control system including transponder jammer and related methods
US20050012593A1 (en) Ignition apparatus and method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AL Designated countries for regional patents

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AT BE CH DE DK ES FR GB GR IT LU MC NL SE

AK Designated states

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AU US

DFPE Request for preliminary examination filed prior to expiration of 19th month from priority date (pct application filed before 20040101)
WWE Wipo information: entry into national phase

Ref document number: 1992906530

Country of ref document: EP

ENP Entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: US

Ref document number: 1993 117170

Date of ref document: 19931022

Kind code of ref document: A

Format of ref document f/p: F

WWP Wipo information: published in national office

Ref document number: 1992906530

Country of ref document: EP

WWW Wipo information: withdrawn in national office

Ref document number: 1992906530

Country of ref document: EP