WO1992003998A1 - Pressure garments - Google Patents

Pressure garments Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO1992003998A1
WO1992003998A1 PCT/GB1991/001475 GB9101475W WO9203998A1 WO 1992003998 A1 WO1992003998 A1 WO 1992003998A1 GB 9101475 W GB9101475 W GB 9101475W WO 9203998 A1 WO9203998 A1 WO 9203998A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
garment
pressure
trunk portion
sleeves
seam
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/GB1991/001475
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Ann Levick
Original Assignee
Beiersdorf Uk Limited
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to GB909019388A priority Critical patent/GB9019388D0/en
Priority to GB9019388.9 priority
Application filed by Beiersdorf Uk Limited filed Critical Beiersdorf Uk Limited
Publication of WO1992003998A1 publication Critical patent/WO1992003998A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41DOUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES
    • A41D27/00Details of garments or of their making
    • A41D27/24Hems; Seams
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/06Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads specially adapted for feet or legs; Corn-pads; Corn-rings
    • A61F13/08Elastic stockings; for contracting aneurisms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/06Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads specially adapted for feet or legs; Corn-pads; Corn-rings
    • A61F13/064Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads specially adapted for feet or legs; Corn-pads; Corn-rings for feet
    • A61F13/069Decubitus ulcer bandages
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F2013/00361Plasters
    • A61F2013/00365Plasters use
    • A61F2013/00387Plasters use skin protection
    • A61F2013/00404Plasters use skin protection against blisters or bed sores

Abstract

A pressure garment for medical use is disclosed wherein the limbs(21, 22, 27, 28) thereof are seamed (23, 24, 25, 29, 30) at intervals longitudinally thereof to provide readily severable section (34) which may be moved.

Description

Pressure Garments

The invention concerns pressure garments, and has more particular reference to garments for use in the medical field in the treatment of hypertropic scarring and other conditions requiring constant pressure therapy.

It has become common practice in controlling and/or preventing hypertropic scarring following burns injuries to utilise pressure garments tailored to fit the individual patient, the pressure applied by the garment encouraging the collagen fibres laid down during the normal healing process to form into a regular latticed structure rather than allowing such fibres to develop into rope-like whorls and modules thus to give a raised lumpy appearance to the scar.

The garments are usually fabricated from knitted fabrics comprising elasticated yarns, thereby to ensure a requisite degree of applied pressure.

From the practical point of view, use of pressure garments as aforesaid has proved eminently satisfactory, but the need to provide a garment specifically tailored to fit the patient has proved expensive and, furthermore, may give rise to delay, albeit of minimal proportions, in making available a garment satisfying the particular requirements of the patient.

The primary object of the present invention is to make available a range of ready-made garments from which by appropriate selection and adaptation, a garment fitted to particular circumstances might be obtained.

According to the present invention there is proposed a pressure garment for use in the medical field in the treatment of hypertropic scarring and other conditions requiring constant pressure therapy characterised by transverse seams in the material of the garment at longitudinally spaced intervals to define successive sections arranged in end-to-end disposition.

According to a preferred feature the seam comprises a narrow tuck in the fabric of the garment on the line of the intended seam and at the outer face of the garment, the tuck being over-sewn to provide an essentially smooth surface at the inner face of the garment.

The invention will now be described further, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying diagrammatic drawings in which : -

Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a pressure garment of conventional form tailored to meet the particular requirements of a patient;

Fig. 2 is a front elevation of a garment corresponding to that of Fig. 1, produced in accordance with the invention;

Figs. 3 and 4 are front elevations of further individual garments embodying the invention;

Figs. 5 and 6 show two preferred forms of seam in cross-section;

Fig. 7 is a scrap view of a part of a garment of the kind shown in Fig. 4, and illustrates a different form of construction in the upper arm region; and

Fig 8 is a section on line VIII-VIII of Fig. 5.

Referring now to the drawings, and particularly to Fig. 1 thereof, an all-in-one pressure garment for a child comprises a body portion 11, arms 12, 13 and legs 14, 15.

The garment is knitted from elasticated yarns and is of such a size as to impart a requisite degree of pressure to the skin of the wearer Sliding clasp fasteners 16 are provided to facilitate application of the garment to the patient and its removal therefrom.

In the case of the particular garment illustrated, leg 14 extends only to the knee whilst arm 12 terminates at the elbow, the material being overstitched at the ends of the limbs 12, 14, as at 17.

Since the practice heretofore has been to produce pressure garments to fit the precise needs of the patient, some delay would have been experienced in making available to the patient a garment such as that shown in the drawing.

The present invention proposes a garment specifically designed for adaptation by the therapist according to the needs of the patient agarment equivalent to that shown in Fig. 1 being illustrated in Fig. 2.

Thus, referring now to Fig. 2, the arms 21, 22 of the garment are provided with upper and lower transverse seams 23, 24 arranged in spaced apart disposition, to define successive sections 25, 26 separated by formations such as will allow unwanted end sections 25 or 25/26 to be severed and discarded without prejudice to the integrity and pressure applying, capacity of the retained arm sections. Similarly, legs 27, 28 have upper and lower seams 29, 30 which allow of the removal of end sections 31 or 31/32, as required.

Thus, in the case of a patient requiring a garment as shown in Fig. 1, the garment of Fig. 2 would be adapted by removal of limb sections 25 (of the left arm) and 31 (of the right leg) by cutting along lines 33, 34 parallel to -the relevant seam and at the distal side thereof. The retained seam 24, 30 existing at the end of the limb of the garment after severence of the respective end section maintains the integrity of the limb by preventing fraying, and thus loss of compression on the skin, of the then end region.

In the second embodiment of the invention, see now Fig. 3, a garment to cover the lower body and legs of a child patient is provided with transverse seams 35, 36 in each leg 37, the seams being positioned above and below the knee, respectively.

A further embodiment is shown in Fig. 4 where the arms 38 of a jacket are similarly provided with transverse seams 39, 40 to provide a ready facility for the removal of an end region or regions according to the needs of the patient without prejudice to the pressure applying characteristics of the remainder thereof. The garment illustrated in Fig. 4 includes sliding clasp fastener means 41 inwardly of which there is provided a flap to maintain an essentially smooth surface in contact with the body of the patient.

Two preferred forms of seam are illustrated in Figs. 5 and 6, each seam including a tuck 42 in the fabric which is maintained by stitching 43. In the case of the seam of Fig. 5 the tuck 42 is laid flat against the outer surface 44 of the fabric and is maintained in such position by the stitching, the backstitch 45 lying closely adjacent the intended inner surface of the fabric so as to avoid the creation of a rub of material proportions at such surface. In the Fig. 6 embodiment, the tuck 42 is upstanding in relation to the body of the fabric, and thereby enables the utilisation of a shorter back stitch 45. Other forms of stitching may be preferred, such as, for example, a stitch through the root of the upstanding tuck 43 in the arrangement shown in Fig. 6.

A modification of the garment of Fig. 4 is shown in Figs. 7 and 8, a gusset 46 being included in the underarm region and the material forming the sleeve portion and existing below seam 39 of Fig. 4 is initially a separate lower sleeve portion 47 sewn to the extremity of that sleeve portion 48 formed integrally with the trunk portion 49 of the garment in the manner illustrated by Fig. 8.

By proceeding in this way, we are able so to orientate the fabric of the lower sleeve 47, as regards the machine direction of the yarn thereof, in an optimum disposition for pressure application. More particularly, in the trunk portion 49 of the garment the machine direction is identifiable by reference to lines 51, which represent inlaid elastic yarns, whilst in the lower (or added) sleeve 47, the direction of the inlaid yarns is represented by lines 52.

It will be appreciated that by providing a range of sizes of garment having transverse seams of the kind hereinproposed, it is possible for a therapist to hold stocks of garments from which the appropriate one might be selected for adaptation as necessary, the elastic nature of the material from which the garment is made being such as to require only a minimal number of sizes to cover all reasonable eventualities.

Conveniently, any sections cut from a selected garment may themselves be used in the treatment of localised regions, the possibility of such application being improved if the seams are provided in double form such as to provide for severance of a section along a line between two closely adjacent seams without prejudice to the integrity of either of the cut edges.

Claims

Claims
1. A pressure garment for use in the medical field in the treatment of hypertropic scarring and other conditions requiring constant pressure therapy characterised by transverse seams in the material of the garment at longitudinally spaced intervals to define successive sections arranged in end-to-end disposition.
2. A pressure garment as claimed in claim 1, wherein some at least of the seams comprise a narrow tuck in the fabric of the garment on the line of the intended seam and at the outer face of the garment, the tuck being over-sewn to provide an essentially smooth surface at the inner face of the garment.
3. A pressure garment as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein at least one seam is of double form, and includes two lines of stitching arranged in closely spaced disposition.
4. A pressure garment as claimed in claim 2 or 3, of knitted construction.
5. A pressure garment as claimed in claim 4, said garment having a trunk portion and sleeves, and the machine direction yarns of the body of the trunk portion are substantially parallel to those of the sleeves.
6. A pressure garment as claimed in claim 5, wherein the sleeves are sewn to the trunk portion.
7. A pressure garment as claimed in claim 6, wherein a gusset is provided in the underarm region of the garment and the garment includes short sleeves formed integrally with the trunk portion each to receive a respective separate sleeve into secured engagement with the lower end thereof.
8. A pressure garment substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to and as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
PCT/GB1991/001475 1990-09-05 1991-08-30 Pressure garments WO1992003998A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB909019388A GB9019388D0 (en) 1990-09-05 1990-09-05 Improvements in or relating to pressure garments
GB9019388.9 1990-09-05

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1992003998A1 true WO1992003998A1 (en) 1992-03-19

Family

ID=10681710

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/GB1991/001475 WO1992003998A1 (en) 1990-09-05 1991-08-30 Pressure garments

Country Status (3)

Country Link
AU (1) AU8526091A (en)
GB (2) GB9019388D0 (en)
WO (1) WO1992003998A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2702143A1 (en) * 1993-03-04 1994-09-09 Zagame Andre Compression vest used to exert permanent compression on the torso of the human body
CN101467798B (en) 2007-12-27 2011-08-17 香港理工大学 Method for producing intelligent pressure coat

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3343537A (en) * 1965-06-04 1967-09-26 James F Graham Burn dressing
US4084586A (en) * 1976-10-13 1978-04-18 Hettick Lon R Tubular support for enclosing a body member
US4121582A (en) * 1976-11-29 1978-10-24 Jose Maria Masso Remiro Direct body covering sheet having a correcting and/or therapeutic action
EP0020007A1 (en) * 1979-05-11 1980-12-10 Radiation Dynamics Inc. Method of bonding sheet materials to form wraps
WO1981001240A1 (en) * 1979-10-30 1981-05-14 A Wulcan A physiological protector for a part of the body
EP0296324A2 (en) * 1984-11-21 1988-12-28 Mölnlycke AB A fixation bandage for holding a dressing in position on the hand of a person

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB959350A (en) * 1962-07-26 1964-05-27 Clark Co Inc David Pressure suit
GB1172028A (en) * 1967-08-17 1969-11-26 Mini Of Technology Improvements in or relating to One Piece Garments
WO1988010074A1 (en) * 1987-06-16 1988-12-29 Raymond Geoffrey Patterson A thermal support suit

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3343537A (en) * 1965-06-04 1967-09-26 James F Graham Burn dressing
US4084586A (en) * 1976-10-13 1978-04-18 Hettick Lon R Tubular support for enclosing a body member
US4121582A (en) * 1976-11-29 1978-10-24 Jose Maria Masso Remiro Direct body covering sheet having a correcting and/or therapeutic action
EP0020007A1 (en) * 1979-05-11 1980-12-10 Radiation Dynamics Inc. Method of bonding sheet materials to form wraps
WO1981001240A1 (en) * 1979-10-30 1981-05-14 A Wulcan A physiological protector for a part of the body
EP0296324A2 (en) * 1984-11-21 1988-12-28 Mölnlycke AB A fixation bandage for holding a dressing in position on the hand of a person
EP0296325A2 (en) * 1984-11-21 1988-12-28 Mölnlycke AB A fixation bandage for holding a dressing in position on the head of a person

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2702143A1 (en) * 1993-03-04 1994-09-09 Zagame Andre Compression vest used to exert permanent compression on the torso of the human body
CN101467798B (en) 2007-12-27 2011-08-17 香港理工大学 Method for producing intelligent pressure coat

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB2247826A (en) 1992-03-18
GB9019388D0 (en) 1990-10-17
GB9118627D0 (en) 1991-10-16
AU8526091A (en) 1992-03-30

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