WO1992003621A1 - New and improved leveling device and system - Google Patents

New and improved leveling device and system Download PDF

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Publication number
WO1992003621A1
WO1992003621A1 PCT/US1991/006401 US9106401W WO9203621A1 WO 1992003621 A1 WO1992003621 A1 WO 1992003621A1 US 9106401 W US9106401 W US 9106401W WO 9203621 A1 WO9203621 A1 WO 9203621A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
means
device
housing
structure
matter
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US1991/006401
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Kenneth J. Kelso
Original Assignee
Kelso Kenneth J
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US56660290A priority Critical
Priority to US566,602 priority
Application filed by Kelso Kenneth J filed Critical Kelso Kenneth J
Publication of WO1992003621A1 publication Critical patent/WO1992003621A1/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D35/00Straightening, lifting, or lowering of foundation structures or of constructions erected on foundations

Abstract

A leveling device and system for adjusting structures that have become uneven or unstable. A primary object of this invention is to provide an insertion means to respectively adjust a structure as it becomes uneven or unstable, by inserting matter which may comprise any solution of liquid, gas and/or solid particles. A plurality of the devices may be implemented to level the structure to a stable condition. Once the structure lies in a level or stable position as required, the liquid and/or gas (801) may be removed through passage means leaving the particles within the chamber of the leveling device. In resting state the load is supported by solids (803) only with no fluid pressure. The passage means may contain a filter to permit the liquid or gas to escape and retain the particles which will support the leveling device piston and structure. A pure fluid may be introduced to wash the solids from the chamber permitting the structure or portion thereof to be lowered. Thereafter, the leveling device may be readjusted up or down as changing conditions dictate to stabilize a structure by simply inserting or removing matter into the housing's chamber.

Description

NEW AND IMPROVED LEVELING DEVICE AND SYSTEM

This application is a continuation in part of Serial No. 07/309,181 filed February 13, 1989. Background of the Invention

The present invention relates to a "new and improved" leveling device and system designed to repetitively adjust a structure to any desired level using a single leveling device or any arrangement of a plurality of the devices. As most present day leveling devices and systems are used, for example, once a structure is leveled, the device is removed, and the structure may not be repositioned in the event the structure requires leveling again thereafter.

Thus, the present invention relates to the art of stabilizing structures that have become unstable or require re-adjustment. The new and improved leveling device enables any structure to be stabilized or adjusted in any direction along x, y, or z axes depending upon how the leveling device is positioned. Further, the new and improved leveling device may be re-adjusted to meet future requirements or changing conditions. The device of the present invention accomplishes this result by an insertion means of matter which can be any viscous liquid solution comprising liquids and particles whereby the particles may consist of sand, rock, beads, glass, soda, jell, or any other liquid soluble particulate. The alterative use of a gaseous compound including for example, air and particles may also be employed in place of a liquid and particle solution. The insertion of said matter would allow on site, adjustment of the leveling device. The improvement of this device over pre-existing similar devices is its ability to stabilize through removal of only the liquid from the solution through an outlet means, or in the alternative, by means of a filter means to allow adjustment to a desired position. The filter means acts to prevent the particles from escaping the chamber, but allows the liquid to be removed from said chamber within the device. The filter means may consist of a screen, or any other means of preventing the release of particles from said chamber. The particles remain in the leveling device, thus rendering the leveling device and structure stable without pressure on seals until future adjustments are required. If in the future the structure becomes unstable or the leveling device requires adjustment, the solution with additional solids may be inserted into the leveling device to further stabilize, or adjust the structure, thereafter, the process of removing said solution through said outlet means, or filter, is repeated. One application for this device is foundation repairs. Foundation failure may be manifested in several ways, such as cracks on interior and exterior walls, separations between brick veneer and window frames, separations at the corners of facia or trim boards, misaligned door frames (doors that will not close, that sometimes open by themselves, or which do not fit squarely in their frames) , separations between rafters and ridge beams, and sloping floors. Whatever the cause or manifestation, the condition must be corrected or eventually the structure may collapse or have to be condemned. Prior art corrective measures distress include moisture stabilization, foundation underpinning, driven pre-cast piles, moisture barriers and mud pumping. The use of drilled piers to underpin a foundation is perhaps the most common remedial measure in use today. However, this only accomplishes a temporary leveling result, because environmental conditions may cause soil conditions to change. The device of the present invention allows for subsequent readjustment in accordance with changing conditions. Prior art leveling techniques have disadvantages such as disastrous results if the piers should fail, and the disruption of normal activities during their construction or subsequent re-leveling. Additionally, if proper maintenance is not applied, such as moisture maintenance, the foundation may have to be re- leveled on the piers by re-jacking and placement of additional steel shims. The new and improved leveling device would not require such maintenance, nor additional digging.

The new and improved leveling device and system should not be limited to the above embodiments only. Further alternative embodiments include; a) leveling shoring sites; b) leveling excavation sites; c) leveling on shore or offshore structures used in drilling for oil or other hydrocarbons; and, d) leveling bridges and other structures. These applications are illustrative only, and the leveling device should not be limited thereto. Summary of the Invention

The present invention replaces jacks, concrete blocks, steel shims, and any other static device that does not allow re-adjustment. As with the prior art this invention replaces, the leveling device may be used with piers, driven or pressed piling, poured in place footers on bell bottom piers, or any of the usual foundation repair techniques. Unlike the prior art, each pile, pier or column is equipped with its own leveling device as a permanent and repetitively adjustable part of the structure. The leveling device may comprise for example a hydraulic jacking cylinder and piston. This jack may be attached to, embedded within , formed within or otherwise made part of the pier pile a column, or the structure itself above the pier pole or column. A viscous liquid solution is inserted into the leveling device to adjust the structure to the desired level. A circuit connecting each device to the solution supply may be used with individually operable valve means for each device. The device may be placed in any planar direction (x,y,z) between any two structures, or between any structure and a stable surface to accomplish the leveling of the structure. An inlet and outlet means may be provided to each leveling device to allow the solution to be inserted, and the particles remain in the chamber while removing said liquid only. The inlet and outlet means may be positioned at separate locations leading to the chamber that houses the matter, or they may be a single inlet/outlet means positioned at one location leading to the chamber that houses the matter. Each inlet and outlet means, whether separate or a single part, may lie within the piston, or the base leading to said chamber. Alternatively, a filter means may be used in conjunction with said inlet and/or outlet means to prevent the escape of said particulate, and allow the release of the liquid from the chamber. Additionally, the inlet line may include a one way check valve or other valve to prevent the solution from returning to the injection means. The outlet line also may include a valve to allow removal of the liquid at a desired rate and for more control of the leveling process. One major advantage of the leveling device is that it is inexpensive and may be left in place with the inlet and/or outlet means leading to a surface after the structure has been leveled. If at a later time re¬ adjustment of the structure is required, an insertion device may be re-connected to the inlet means whereby the solution is inserted tc re-adjust the structure. Brief Description of ti Drawing

Fig. 1 is a side elevational view in cross section of one embodiment of the leveling device of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is a side elevational view of one embodiment of the leveling device of the present invention.

Fig. 3 is a side elevational view of a second embodiment of the leveling device of the present invention.

Fig. 4 is a side elevational view in cross section of a second embodiment of the leveling device of the present invention.

Fig. 5 is a side elevational view in partial cross section of the leveling device of the present invention.

Fig. 6 is a side elevational view in cross section of a third embodiment of the leveling device of the present invention.

Fig. 7 is a side elevational view in cross-section of a fourth embodiment of the leveling device depicting the initial insertion of the solution into the chamber of the device. Fig. 8 is a side elevational view in cross-section of the fourth embodiment of the leveling device depicting the insertion of the solution into the chamber to a final adjusted position.

Description of the Preferred Embodiment For a detailed description of the preferred embodiment of the invention the reader is directed to the accompanying drawings.

In Fig. 1 there is depicted a cross sectional view of the preferred embodiment of the structure leveling device generally depicted at 100. The device is comprised of a outer housing 101 made of suitable pressure and corrosion resistant material. In one embodiment the housing is made from filament wound fiberglass and epoxy. In an alternative embodiment the housing and base are constructed of a hardenable resin likely composed of glass beads, but may employ any other compound or metal capable of withstanding the compression loads that large structures are likely to exhibit. In the lower end of the housing 101 is a base 102. For ease of manufacture, the base 102 may be of a hardenable material which is simply poured into the housing 101. Grooves 104 and 105 serve to retain the hardened base 102 within the housing 101. Alternatively, the base may be machined with the housing or threaded into the housing. In either case the base must be in sealing engagement with the inner surface of the housing.

A piston 103 is slidably mounted within the housing 101. A seal 108 is provided between piston 103 and the inner surface of housing 101. Between piston 103 and base 102 there is defined a chamber 112 the volume of which changes as the piston 103 moves within the housing 101. An internal horizontal passageway comprising opposed radial passageways 109 and 110 extends through piston 103 near the upper end. An vertical passageway 111 in piston 103 connects the horizontal passageway with chamber 112.

Inlet and outlet lines 115 and 116 respectively are connected to passageways 109 and 110 respectively by connections 113 and 114. Connections 113 and 114 are cnnected to the openings of the passageways by conventional means, i.e., threads (not shown).

To the end of line 115 is connected a valve 117. Line 115 together with valve 117, fitting 113, passageway 109 and passageway 111 make up the matter inlet means. To the end of line 116 is connected a valve 118. Line 116 together with valve 118, fitting 114, passageway 110 and passageway 111 make up the liquid outlet means. The lines 115 and 116 are preferably of stainless steel, but can be of any suitable high pressure material.

Referring now to Fig's. 7 and 8, an alternative to the dual inlet and outlet means is to provide a single inlet/outlet means for the matter. The matter is injected, 701 and 801, into the cylinder to the desired level, and a filter thereby circumvents the pump at the external end of the inlet/outlet means allowing for the escape of the liquid but not the particulate. This allows the particulate to remain in the cylinder, thereby stabilizing the cylinder at the desired level 801.

A grout cup 108 is provided at the upper end of the piston 103. The grout cup 108 may be filled with hardenable material and is designed with walls which will collapse with pressure. The hardenable material will then deform to fill any uneven surfaces on the under side of the foundation being leveled providing an evenly distributed load across the piston.

Fig. 4 depicts an alternative embodiment of the structure leveling device generally indicated at 400. This embodiment includes housing 401 with base 402 and piston 403 defining chamber 412. The base is retained in place similarly as the first embodiment, i.e., by grooves 404 and 405. Similarly a seal 408 is provided between piston 403 and housing 401. However, in contrast to the first embodiment, the inlet and outlet means are provided through the housing 401 and base 402. The horizontal passageway is provided through housing 401 and base 402 and comprises opposed and aligned radial passageways 409a and 410a through base 402. Vertical passageway in base 402 connects the horizontal passageway to chamber 412. Lines 415 and 416 along with valves 417 and 418 are connected to passageways 409 and 410 respectively as in the first embodiment with connections 413 and 414 to complete the matter inlet and outlet means.

In operation, an injection source, such as a grease gun or high pressure pump, is connected to the inlet line of either embodiment whereby the matter is inserted into the chamber. The matter forces the piston away from the base thereby initiating expansion of the piston away from the base. The valve prevents the liquid from escaping. If the piston must be lowered, the valve is opened to release the pressure and remove the liquid from the chamber. Referring now to Fig. 2 there is depicted one embodiment of the leveling device of the present invention. This embodiment would be particularly useful in new construction where it could be poured in place before the foundation is laid. The device is shown to comprise a poured column 201 about reinforcing steel bars 203. 1 e lower end is flared into a bell shaped foot 202 for expanded support. . The housing 101 of the leveling device is placed into the uncured concrete at the upper end of the column with the piston 103 exposed. Inlet and outlet lines 115 and 116 are led to the surface of the foundation. After the concrete has hardened the grade beam 205 and foundation 204 may be poured. The device is directly beneath the grade beam 205 supporting the floor stud 206, wall joist 209, wall board 207 and floor facia 208. Thus, readjustment may conveniently be performed at a later date if the foundation settles.

Referring now to Fig. 3, an alternative embodiment of the leveling device is depicted. This embodiment is typical of that used to correct existing foundations. The bore for the column 301 is typically off vertical to avoid the existing foundation. The column 301 still surrounds the steel bars 303 and comprises a bell shaped foot 302. However, due to the offset form of the foundation grade beam 305, a cap 310 is required at the upper end of the column. The housing 101 of the leveling device is placed in the uncured concrete of the cap 310 directly below the grade beam 305 with piston 103 exposed. When the concrete has cured, matter may be inserted into the chamber whereby piston 103 is adjusted to level the foundation. An alternative to insertion of matter comprising liquid and particles is to insert the liquid followed by the insertion of particles, thereby providing stability, and displacing the liquid which is later released through said outlet means.

Fig. 5 depicts a system for leveling a foundation. As shown at the left of the figure, excavation 504 is first made in the surface 508 near and under the foundation 501. A shaft 509 is then drilled, usually at a slight angle, underneath the foundation. The shaft is usually flared at the bottom to form a bell 507. Metal bars 506 are then placed into the shaft and concrete poured about the bars to fill the shaft. A cap 510 is provided at the upper end of the column 502 which extends under the foundation 501. Before the concrete has cured, the leveling devices are placed into the caps 510 between the column and the foundation 501. The lines (not shown) are then led to the surface and the excavations filled. As shown, a plurality of the columns containing leveling devices is strategically placed about the foundation (often under the middle portion of the foundation also) . A loop or circuit from a pressurized solution source may connect each device in series. After all concrete has cured, the matter and/or liquid may be pumped into each device, simultaneously or individually and/or released as necessary, until the foundation is leveled. Then the liquid portion of the matter may be released through said outlet means providing stability to said structure. The matter may be any solution of liquid, particles, and/or gas suitable for the purpose of leveling structures.

In yet another embodiment, a hardenable material may be substituted for the liquid which will fill the chamber and harden with time. While this procedure may be used with any of the devices, a special device for this application is shown in Fig. 6. As in the other devices, this one also includes a cylindrical housing 601 with base 602 and piston 603 defining a chamber 612. However, two inlets and outlets to the chamber are included as the first used would be filled with the hardenable material. A tapered or T shaped plug 620 is inserted in the bottom of one of the passageways 611a to be used later to prevent the hardenable material from filling the passageway. When the new hardenable material is pumped into the device, the plug, held by friction, will simply be forced out of the end and allow the new hardenable material to enter the chamber.

The use of the hardenable material or solids in the solution is preferred because as it sets it protects the seals from pressure. Over a lengthy period of time with normal liquid, the pressure on the seals may cause them to deteriorate and allow the piston to sink in the housing and thus defeat the leveling function. However, the use of hardenable liquid or a solution of liquid in combination with particles and/or gas, wherein the liquid pressure is released leaving the load to be carried by solids in the solution negates this effect.

The piston can be lowered by simply purging or washing out the solids by introduction of a pure fluid or one that contains no solids through one port or inlet into the chamber of the cylinder while opening theother port or outlet to allow the combination solution carrying the solids to flow out. This can be carried out in a cylinder having a single inlet by using a catheterlike line through the inlet to introduce the pure fluid while allowing the inlet line exterior of the catheter to carry the combination solution as the device is purged of solids.

Many modifications and variations besides those specifically mentioned herein may be made in the system and apparatus described herein and depicted in the accompanying drawings without departing substantially from the concept of the present invention. Accordingly, it should be clearly understood that the apparatus and system described and illustrated herein is exemplary only, and is not intended as a limitation on the scope of the present invention.

Claims

What is Claimed is:
1. At least one device to enable movement of a structure to various desired levels comprising:
(a) a housing;
(b) a piston means slidably mounted within said housing above the lower end of said housing wherein the area between said piston and lower housing defines a chamber; .(c) porting means leading to said chamber; and,
(d) a viscous solution for introduction into and removal from said chamber for enabling movement of said piston and said structure to the desired level, said solution comprising a fluid component and a solid component.
2. The device of claim 1 wherein said housing may be made of any composite or material sufficient to withstand heavy compressive loads.
3. The device of claim 1 wherein said housing includes a base formed by any composite or material poured into said housing and hardened in place with said housing.
4. The device of claim 1 wherein said piston may be made of any composite or material sufficient to withstand heavy compressive loads.
5. The device of claim 4 wherein said piston contains a seal in sealing engagement with said piston and housing preventing the escape of matter from said chamber.
6. The device of claim 1 wherein said porting means comprises:
(a) a matter retention means connected in line with inlet means to prevent said matter from escaping from said chamber.
7. The device of claim 1 wherein said porting means comprises:
(a) a matter escape control means connected in line with outlet means to allow said matter to escape at any given rate when said matter escape control means is opened; and, (b) a filter means connected in line with said matter escape control means to allow said liquid and/or gaseous matter to escape through said outlet means after said matter is inserted through said inlet means, and allow said particle matter to remain in said chamber at a level consistent with said piston and the structure.
8. The device of claim 1 wherein said porting means comprises inlet and outlet means are located within said piston.
9. The device of claim 1 wherein said porting means comprises inlet and out let means are located within said lower end of said housing.
10. The device of claim 1 wherein said porting comprises inlet and outlet means are located within said piston and the lower end of said housing.
11. The device of claim 1 wherein said porting means comprises the first solution communication means connected to said chamber for introduction and removal of said solution and a second catheter like fluid supply means located interiorly of said first solution communication means for introduction of a fluid with no solid component.
12. The method of leveling a structure comprising the steps of:
(a) placement of a plurality of leveling devices about the perimeter and interior of the structure operably connected in series with a pressurized solution source to enable simultaneous or individual activation of all devices;
(b) simultaneous or sequential insertion of a solution comprising a fluid component and a solid component from said source into said leveling devices; and,
(c) simultaneous or sequential removal of at least part of said fluid component from said leveling device allowing adjustment of the structure to a desired level.
PCT/US1991/006401 1990-08-13 1991-08-13 New and improved leveling device and system WO1992003621A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US56660290A true 1990-08-13 1990-08-13
US566,602 1990-08-13

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
BR9106827A BR9106827A (en) 1990-08-13 1991-08-13 Device to enable the movement of a structure at various desired levels and the process of leveling a structure

Publications (1)

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WO1992003621A1 true WO1992003621A1 (en) 1992-03-05

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BR (1) BR9106827A (en)
CA (1) CA2089578A1 (en)
WO (1) WO1992003621A1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6923599B2 (en) 2002-06-24 2005-08-02 Kenneth J. Kelso In-ground lifting system and method

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1447609A (en) * 1920-09-09 1923-03-06 Zucco Pierre Concrete piling of indefinite length
US2322855A (en) * 1942-02-09 1943-06-29 Halliburton Oil Well Cementing Method and apparatus for raising and permanently supporting heavy structures
US3065573A (en) * 1959-08-13 1962-11-27 Goldberg Samuel Building construction
US3796055A (en) * 1972-05-19 1974-03-12 R Mahony Method and apparatus for underpinning and raising a building foundation
US4011705A (en) * 1975-10-31 1977-03-15 Peter Martin Vanderklaauw Method for constructing a thin-shell concrete structure designed for lifting with hydraulic apparatus
US4058952A (en) * 1976-09-13 1977-11-22 Donnelly Frank R Expansion of building structure
US4507069A (en) * 1983-10-20 1985-03-26 Foundation Control Systems, Inc. Apparatus for positioning and stabilizing a concrete slab
US4800700A (en) * 1987-05-07 1989-01-31 Atlas System, Inc. Method and apparatus for lifting and supporting slabs

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1447609A (en) * 1920-09-09 1923-03-06 Zucco Pierre Concrete piling of indefinite length
US2322855A (en) * 1942-02-09 1943-06-29 Halliburton Oil Well Cementing Method and apparatus for raising and permanently supporting heavy structures
US3065573A (en) * 1959-08-13 1962-11-27 Goldberg Samuel Building construction
US3796055A (en) * 1972-05-19 1974-03-12 R Mahony Method and apparatus for underpinning and raising a building foundation
US4011705A (en) * 1975-10-31 1977-03-15 Peter Martin Vanderklaauw Method for constructing a thin-shell concrete structure designed for lifting with hydraulic apparatus
US4058952A (en) * 1976-09-13 1977-11-22 Donnelly Frank R Expansion of building structure
US4507069A (en) * 1983-10-20 1985-03-26 Foundation Control Systems, Inc. Apparatus for positioning and stabilizing a concrete slab
US4800700A (en) * 1987-05-07 1989-01-31 Atlas System, Inc. Method and apparatus for lifting and supporting slabs

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6923599B2 (en) 2002-06-24 2005-08-02 Kenneth J. Kelso In-ground lifting system and method

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
AU8661791A (en) 1992-03-17
CA2089578A1 (en) 1992-02-14
BR9106827A (en) 1994-01-25

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