WO1991016771A1 - Portable graphic display having integral display movement tracking - Google Patents

Portable graphic display having integral display movement tracking Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO1991016771A1
WO1991016771A1 PCT/US1991/000520 US9100520W WO9116771A1 WO 1991016771 A1 WO1991016771 A1 WO 1991016771A1 US 9100520 W US9100520 W US 9100520W WO 9116771 A1 WO9116771 A1 WO 9116771A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
means
information
display
movement tracking
receiver
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US1991/000520
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Michael J. Deluca
Joan S. Deluca
Original Assignee
Motorola, Inc.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B5/00Visible signalling systems, e.g. personal calling systems, remote indication of seats occupied
    • G08B5/22Visible signalling systems, e.g. personal calling systems, remote indication of seats occupied using electric transmission; using electromagnetic transmission
    • G08B5/222Personal calling arrangements or devices, i.e. paging systems
    • G08B5/223Personal calling arrangements or devices, i.e. paging systems using wireless transmission
    • G08B5/224Paging receivers with visible signalling details
    • G08B5/225Display details
    • G08B5/226Display details with alphanumeric or graphic display means
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/03Arrangements for converting the position or the displacement of a member into a coded form
    • G06F3/033Pointing devices displaced or positioned by the user, e.g. mice, trackballs, pens or joysticks; Accessories therefor
    • G06F3/0354Pointing devices displaced or positioned by the user, e.g. mice, trackballs, pens or joysticks; Accessories therefor with detection of 2D relative movements between the device, or an operating part thereof, and a plane or surface, e.g. 2D mice, trackballs, pens or pucks
    • G06F3/03543Mice or pucks
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/03Arrangements for converting the position or the displacement of a member into a coded form
    • G06F3/033Pointing devices displaced or positioned by the user, e.g. mice, trackballs, pens or joysticks; Accessories therefor
    • G06F3/0354Pointing devices displaced or positioned by the user, e.g. mice, trackballs, pens or joysticks; Accessories therefor with detection of 2D relative movements between the device, or an operating part thereof, and a plane or surface, e.g. 2D mice, trackballs, pens or pucks
    • G06F3/03543Mice or pucks
    • G06F3/03544Mice or pucks having dual sensing arrangement, e.g. two balls or two coils used to track rotation of the pointing device
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/048Interaction techniques based on graphical user interfaces [GUI]
    • G06F3/0484Interaction techniques based on graphical user interfaces [GUI] for the control of specific functions or operations, e.g. selecting or manipulating an object or an image, setting a parameter value or selecting a range
    • G06F3/04845Interaction techniques based on graphical user interfaces [GUI] for the control of specific functions or operations, e.g. selecting or manipulating an object or an image, setting a parameter value or selecting a range for image manipulation, e.g. dragging, rotation
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F2200/00Indexing scheme relating to G06F1/04 - G06F1/32
    • G06F2200/16Indexing scheme relating to G06F1/16 - G06F1/18
    • G06F2200/163Indexing scheme relating to constructional details of the computer
    • G06F2200/1637Sensing arrangement for detection of housing movement or orientation, e.g. for controlling scrolling or cursor movement on the display of an handheld computer

Abstract

An apparatus comprises a display device (10) for displaying information and a movement tracking device (21, 22) for aligning the information on the display means (15) in response to the movement of the display means.

Description

PORTABLE GRAPHIC DISPLAY HAVING INTEGRAL DISPLAY MOVEMENT TRACKING

Field of the Invention

This invention relates in general to display devices, and more specifically to a portable display device wherein a portion of displayable information may be selected and aligned on the display in response to movement of the display device.

Background of the Invention

Displays which are capable of forming images of characters or patterns conventionally may be broadly broken down into two different categories, active, such as light emitting diode (LED) displays, and passive, such as liquid crystal displays (LCD). Since active displays are typically characterized by high power consumption, the choice for low power applications, such as portable calculators, watches, portable radios, and pocket pagers, is typically the passive display. However, both of these conventional displays occupy a substantial amount of area on the housing of the electronic device in which the displayed information is processed. As technology progresses, the trend has been to reduce the size of such electronic devices. This reduction is severely limited by the size requirements of the visual display, e.g., the ability to display a telephone number or a series of words. Furthermore, there is also a recognized desire in the industry to be able to display larger (longer) messages or even graphic information on a portable display. It is obvious that graphic information displayed on a small portable display such as a watch sized display would make it difficult to interpret the details of the information.

Thus, what is needed is a portable display device wherein the displayable information may be readily seen and understood by the user.

Summary of the Invention

Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an improved portable display device. i carrying out the above and other objects of the invention in one form, there is provided an apparatus comprising a display device for displaying information and a movement tracking device for aligning the information on the display means in response to the movement of the display means.

Brief Description of the Drawing

FIGURE 1 is a block diagram of a selective call receiver in accordance with the present invention.

FIGURE 2 is a perspective view of a selective call receiver having two movement tracking devices in accordance with the present invention.

FIGURE 3 is an example of a graphic message. FIGURE 4 is a top plan view of the selective call receiver displaying the graphic message.

FIGURE 5 is a top plan view of the selective call receiver displaying a portion of the graphic message.

FIGURE 6 is a top plan view of the selective call receiver displaying a smaller portion of the graphic message.

FIGURES 7 (a), (b), and (c) are top plan views of the selective call receiver displaying different portions of the graphic message.

Detailed Description of the Invention

Referring to FIGURE 1, a selective call radio receiver 10, e.g., a pager, comprises an antenna 11 that provides an RF carrier signal that is demodulated by the receiver module 12 to provide a signal suitable for processing by the decoder 13 in a manner well known to one skilled in the art. The decoder 13 processes the recovered signal to decode the address and message data contained therein. For selective call receivers with message storage, the recovered message or voice output is stored in the memory 14 for subsequent "playback" by the display 15. In operation, the microcomputer 16 compares information contained in the recovered signal with predetermined addresses contained in the memory 14, and when substantially similar, alerts the user that a signal has been received by alert mechanism 17. The display 15 will automatically, or when manually selected by the controls 18, present the message. Although a selective call receiver is shown, the invention described herein would work equally well with any type of device having a visual display.

For a more detailed description of the structure and operation of a selective call radio paging receiver of the type shown in FIG. 1, reference is made to U. S. Patent Number 4,644,352, the teachings of which are hereby incorporated by reference. Means for moving graphic information having an area greater than the area of a display are known in computer art. A typical example of such a means is incorporated into a MacPaint software package manufactured by Claris Inc. operating on a Macintosh computer manufactured by Apple Inc.

In accordance with the present invention, a display movement tracking device 19 is coupled between the microprocessor 16 and the display 15 for aligning the information (moving the message) on the screen in a manner described more thoroughly hereinafter.

Referring to FIGURE 2, the selective call receiver 10 includes a housing 20, a first movement tracking device 21, conventionally referred to as a mouse, and an optional second movement tracking device 22. The movement tracking devices 21 and 22 are illustrated as knobs on the side of the selective call receiver 10; however, they may assume other forms such as a ball located on the bottom of the selective call receiver 10 in a manner similar to a "mouse" movement tracking means used commonly on modern desk top computers. The knobs 21 and 22 extend below the bottom of the selective call receiver 10 and would move in response to the selective call receiver 10 moving across a surface. Balls located on the bottom of the selective call receiver 10 would move in the same manner. The movement tracking devices 21 and 22 may also be placed so that direct input (e.g., twirling by the fingers) from the user of the selective call receiver 10 would provide a similar response response. Referring to FIGURE 3, an example of a graphic message that may be sent to and displayed by the selective call receiver 10 is shown. The message may alternatively be numeric, alphanumeric, or other form, or any combination thereof.

Referring to FIGURE 4, the message is shown displayed on the selective call receiver 10. The display 15 includes a selection, or zoom, window 23 identifying a portion of the message. Upon activation of a "zoom in" button 24 (one of the controls 18), the portion of the message in the selection window 23 occupies the entire display 15 as shown in FIGURE 5. Activation of the "zoom in" button 24 a second time would present the portion of the message enclosed within the selection window 23 of FIGURE 5 on the entire display as shown in FIGURE 6. This magnification of the message allows the user to view the smaller details that may be difficult to distinguish without the zoom feature. Activation of a "zoom out" button 25 returns the message to the next largest size (FIGURE 5). Additional controls 18 may include other buttons 26 for functions such as on/off and read. Referring to FIGURES 7 (a), (b), and (c), different portions of the message are shown. This is accomplished by moving the movement tracking device 21 as discussed above (e.g., twirling by the finger or moving across a surface). The movement tracking device 21 would provide alignment of the message in the x coordinate and the movement tracking device 22 would provide alignment of the message in the y coordinate. Alternatively, the x-y movement could be provided by a single ball 21 on the selective call receiver 10. A second ball 22 may selectively provide a rotational movement of the message. This rotational movement may be selected by activation of one of the controls 18. For convenience of use, the movement tracking devices 21 and 22 may be located, either together or separately, on the front, back, or any side of the selective call receiver 10

In summary, a portable display device is shown wherein a portion of displayable information may be selected and aligned on the display in response to movement of the display device.

Claims

1. An apparatus comprising: display means for displaying information; and movement tracking means for aligning the information on the display means in response to the movement of the display means.
2. The apparatus according to claim 1 wherein the movement tracking means comprises coordinate tracking means for moving the information in a planar fashion.
3. The apparatus according to claim 2 wherein the movement tracking means further comprises rotational tracking means for rotating the information.
4. The apparatus according to claim 1 wherein the movement tracking means further comprises zoom means for magnifyingly displaying a portion of the information.
5. The apparatus according to claim 1 wherein the movement tracking means further comprises zoom means for displaying a portion of the information, the size of the portion of the information displayed being selected by the zoom means.
6. A method comprising the step of aligning information on a display by moving the display.
7. The method according to claim 6 wherein the aligning step comprises rotating the information.
8. The method according to claim 6 further comprising magnifyingly displaying a portion of the information.
9. A receiver comprising: receiver means for receiving and displaying an electronic message; and movement tracking means for aligning the message on the display means in response to the movement of the receiver means.
10. The receiver according to claim 9 wherein the receiver means comprises a selective call receiver.
11. The receiver according to claim 9 wherein the movement tracking means comprises a mouse coupled to the receiver means, the mouse moving as the receiver means is moved.
12. The receiver according to claim 9 wherein the movement tracking means further comprises zoom means for magnifyingly displaying a portion of the information.
13. The apparatus according to claim 9 wherein the movement tracking means further comprises zoom means for displaying a portion of the information, the size of the portion of the information displayed being selected by the zoom means.
14. The apparatus according to claim 9 wherein the movement tracking means comprises coordinate tracking means for moving the information in a planar fashion.
15. The apparatus according to claim 14 wherein the movement tracking means further comprises rotational tracking means for rotating the information.
PCT/US1991/000520 1990-04-23 1991-01-25 Portable graphic display having integral display movement tracking WO1991016771A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US51312290 true 1990-04-23 1990-04-23
US513,122 1990-04-23

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1991016771A1 true true WO1991016771A1 (en) 1991-10-31

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Family Applications (1)

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Country Status (1)

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WO (1) WO1991016771A1 (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5285426A (en) * 1992-08-03 1994-02-08 Eta Sa Fabriques D'ebauches Rollerball control arrangement for a timepiece adapted to receive radio broadcast messages
EP0594460A1 (en) * 1992-10-23 1994-04-27 Nec Corporation Radio paging receiver
GB2278003A (en) * 1993-05-14 1994-11-16 Nec Corp Selective calling receiver
EP0743624A1 (en) * 1995-05-16 1996-11-20 Nec Corporation Radio selective calling receiver with display function and a picture information displaying method
WO1998006176A1 (en) * 1996-08-02 1998-02-12 Motorola Inc. Selective call radio with contraposed touchpad
EP0858060A1 (en) * 1997-02-07 1998-08-12 Nec Corporation Pager apparatus and method of controlling a display of a cursor
US6020878A (en) * 1998-06-01 2000-02-01 Motorola, Inc. Selective call radio with hinged touchpad
WO2000026751A1 (en) * 1998-11-02 2000-05-11 Sony Computer Entertainment Inc. Information communication electronic device and information display method
WO2002052488A2 (en) * 2000-12-27 2002-07-04 Hewlett-Packard Company Method and apparatus for virtual interaction with physical documents
EP1681611A2 (en) * 2005-01-12 2006-07-19 High Tech Computer Corp. Handheld devices with intuitive page control

Citations (4)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4661810A (en) * 1985-02-19 1987-04-28 International Business Machines Corporation Method for interactive rotation of displayed graphic objects
US4701752A (en) * 1985-10-24 1987-10-20 International Business Machines Corp. Mirror inverse function in an interactive graphics system
US4734689A (en) * 1985-03-07 1988-03-29 Casio Computer Co., Ltd. Display apparatus which can scroll displayed data with regard to cursor position
US4821021A (en) * 1987-01-13 1989-04-11 Nec Corporation Selective calling radio display pager having a message recalling algorithm which simplifies operations

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4661810A (en) * 1985-02-19 1987-04-28 International Business Machines Corporation Method for interactive rotation of displayed graphic objects
US4734689A (en) * 1985-03-07 1988-03-29 Casio Computer Co., Ltd. Display apparatus which can scroll displayed data with regard to cursor position
US4701752A (en) * 1985-10-24 1987-10-20 International Business Machines Corp. Mirror inverse function in an interactive graphics system
US4821021A (en) * 1987-01-13 1989-04-11 Nec Corporation Selective calling radio display pager having a message recalling algorithm which simplifies operations

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
APPLE COMPUTER INC., "MacPaint", 1983. See all. *
IBM TECHNICAL DISCLOSURE, "Mouse/Keyboard Concept Incorporating Devices for Controlling CRT Display Cursors", Vol. 27, No. 10B, March 1985. *

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5285426A (en) * 1992-08-03 1994-02-08 Eta Sa Fabriques D'ebauches Rollerball control arrangement for a timepiece adapted to receive radio broadcast messages
EP0582150A1 (en) * 1992-08-03 1994-02-09 Eta SA Fabriques d'Ebauches Ball-operated control device for a clock used for reception of radio messages
EP0594460A1 (en) * 1992-10-23 1994-04-27 Nec Corporation Radio paging receiver
GB2278003A (en) * 1993-05-14 1994-11-16 Nec Corp Selective calling receiver
GB2278003B (en) * 1993-05-14 1997-09-17 Nec Corp Selective calling receiver
EP0743624A1 (en) * 1995-05-16 1996-11-20 Nec Corporation Radio selective calling receiver with display function and a picture information displaying method
WO1998006176A1 (en) * 1996-08-02 1998-02-12 Motorola Inc. Selective call radio with contraposed touchpad
US5729219A (en) * 1996-08-02 1998-03-17 Motorola, Inc. Selective call radio with contraposed touchpad
EP0858060A1 (en) * 1997-02-07 1998-08-12 Nec Corporation Pager apparatus and method of controlling a display of a cursor
US6020878A (en) * 1998-06-01 2000-02-01 Motorola, Inc. Selective call radio with hinged touchpad
WO2000026751A1 (en) * 1998-11-02 2000-05-11 Sony Computer Entertainment Inc. Information communication electronic device and information display method
WO2002052488A2 (en) * 2000-12-27 2002-07-04 Hewlett-Packard Company Method and apparatus for virtual interaction with physical documents
WO2002052488A3 (en) * 2000-12-27 2003-10-02 Hewlett Packard Co Method and apparatus for virtual interaction with physical documents
US6781069B2 (en) 2000-12-27 2004-08-24 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Method and apparatus for virtual interaction with physical documents
EP1681611A2 (en) * 2005-01-12 2006-07-19 High Tech Computer Corp. Handheld devices with intuitive page control
EP1681611A3 (en) * 2005-01-12 2009-01-07 High Tech Computer Corp. Handheld devices with intuitive page control

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