WO1991011212A1 - A retractable sharp - Google Patents

A retractable sharp Download PDF

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Publication number
WO1991011212A1
WO1991011212A1 PCT/AU1991/000035 AU9100035W WO9111212A1 WO 1991011212 A1 WO1991011212 A1 WO 1991011212A1 AU 9100035 W AU9100035 W AU 9100035W WO 9111212 A1 WO9111212 A1 WO 9111212A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
device
means
body
groove
needle
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/AU1991/000035
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Gerard Philip Gilliland
Joseph Redvers Buller Parsons
Original Assignee
Gerard Philip Gilliland
Joseph Redvers Buller Parsons
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to AUPJ843790 priority Critical
Priority to AUPJ8437 priority
Application filed by Gerard Philip Gilliland, Joseph Redvers Buller Parsons filed Critical Gerard Philip Gilliland
Publication of WO1991011212A1 publication Critical patent/WO1991011212A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/178Syringes
    • A61M5/31Details
    • A61M5/32Needles; Details of needles pertaining to their connection with syringe or hub; Accessories for bringing the needle into, or holding the needle on, the body; Devices for protection of needles
    • A61M5/3205Apparatus for removing or disposing of used needles or syringes, e.g. containers; Means for protection against accidental injuries from used needles
    • A61M5/321Means for protection against accidental injuries by used needles
    • A61M5/3243Means for protection against accidental injuries by used needles being axially-extensible, e.g. protective sleeves coaxially slidable on the syringe barrel
    • A61M5/3271Means for protection against accidental injuries by used needles being axially-extensible, e.g. protective sleeves coaxially slidable on the syringe barrel with guiding tracks for controlled sliding of needle protective sleeve from needle exposing to needle covering position
    • A61M5/3272Means for protection against accidental injuries by used needles being axially-extensible, e.g. protective sleeves coaxially slidable on the syringe barrel with guiding tracks for controlled sliding of needle protective sleeve from needle exposing to needle covering position having projections following labyrinth paths
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/178Syringes
    • A61M5/31Details
    • A61M5/32Needles; Details of needles pertaining to their connection with syringe or hub; Accessories for bringing the needle into, or holding the needle on, the body; Devices for protection of needles
    • A61M5/3205Apparatus for removing or disposing of used needles or syringes, e.g. containers; Means for protection against accidental injuries from used needles
    • A61M5/321Means for protection against accidental injuries by used needles
    • A61M5/3243Means for protection against accidental injuries by used needles being axially-extensible, e.g. protective sleeves coaxially slidable on the syringe barrel
    • A61M5/3245Constructional features thereof, e.g. to improve manipulation or functioning
    • A61M2005/3247Means to impede repositioning of protection sleeve from needle covering to needle uncovering position
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/178Syringes
    • A61M5/31Details
    • A61M5/32Needles; Details of needles pertaining to their connection with syringe or hub; Accessories for bringing the needle into, or holding the needle on, the body; Devices for protection of needles
    • A61M5/3205Apparatus for removing or disposing of used needles or syringes, e.g. containers; Means for protection against accidental injuries from used needles
    • A61M5/321Means for protection against accidental injuries by used needles
    • A61M5/3243Means for protection against accidental injuries by used needles being axially-extensible, e.g. protective sleeves coaxially slidable on the syringe barrel
    • A61M5/326Fully automatic sleeve extension, i.e. in which triggering of the sleeve does not require a deliberate action by the user
    • A61M2005/3267Biased sleeves where the needle is uncovered by insertion of the needle into a patient's body
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/178Syringes
    • A61M5/31Details
    • A61M5/32Needles; Details of needles pertaining to their connection with syringe or hub; Accessories for bringing the needle into, or holding the needle on, the body; Devices for protection of needles
    • A61M5/3205Apparatus for removing or disposing of used needles or syringes, e.g. containers; Means for protection against accidental injuries from used needles
    • A61M5/321Means for protection against accidental injuries by used needles
    • A61M5/3243Means for protection against accidental injuries by used needles being axially-extensible, e.g. protective sleeves coaxially slidable on the syringe barrel
    • A61M5/3257Semi-automatic sleeve extension, i.e. in which triggering of the sleeve extension requires a deliberate action by the user, e.g. manual release of spring-biased extension means

Abstract

A non-reusable sharp device (40) is disclosed for injection or for taking body fluid or body tissue samples. The device comprises an inner body (42) having a sharp (43) attached thereto at one end and adapted at the other end (44) to be attached to a handle and an outer body (41) having a bore therethrough adapted to receive the inner body (42) therein for slidable and rotational movement between the inner and outer body. The device may be operated from a first position in which the sharp is contained within the outer body via one or more second or intermediate positions, in at least one of which intermediate position the sharp is exposed for use to a third position in which the sharp is contained and locked within the outer body. The device may be automatically retractile. The device includes cooperating groove (50) and projections (49) to control the operation of the device.

Description

A RETRACTABLE SHARP The present invention relates to a non-reusable sharp, needle or sampling device and relates particularly but not exclusively to an automatically retractile non-reusable hypodermic needle for introduction of fluids to or sampling of fluids from a human or other animal body.

The device may also find application in providing a non-reusable knife, scalpel or other body sampling cutting blade implement (i.e. a sharp) in which the blade or sharp is in an unexposed configuration as received, is able to be operated to expose the sharp for use and may subsequently be operated to lock the sharp within the body of the device to prevent accidental injury and to prevent reuse of the device. The form of the invention described in detail relates to a needle device however the needle of the device could equally well be replaced by a sharp for obtaining other body samples.

The risks of infection from reuse of needles and syringes and from accidental needle stick injuries are well known and many attempts have been made in recent times to overcome these problems. Numerous patents are directed to attempting to overcome the problems of needle stick injury from arid multiple use of syringes and needles. Representative examples of such patents are US patents 4813940 (Parry), 4846809 (Sims), 4872552 (Unger), 4887998 (Martin), 4897083 (Martell) and 4906236 (Alberts).

Of particular relevance to the problem of needle stick injuries and prevention of reuse of syringes is US patent 4813940 (AU patent application 81406/87) ("Parry") which is directed to needles and needle and syringe combinations which attempt to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art. Parry discloses in one embodiment a retractable needle device in which the needle is biassed by spring means towards an extended position in which the needle, which may be mounted on a slidable inner boss portion, is enclosed within a protective outer sleeve portion. The needle is exposed by exerting pressure against the spring bias means in order that injections may be given or blood samples taken. There is no disclosure of means to enable the device to be retained (temporarily) in the exposed or contracted configuration without the device being manually held in that configuration against the spring bias means by the operation of the device.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a retractable non-reusable needle device which overcomes or alleviates at least some if not all of the disadvantages of the devices of the prior art. The present invention therefore provides a non-reusable sharp device for taking body tissue samples which comprises an inner body having a sharp attached thereto at one end and adapted at the other end to be attached to a handle and an outer body having a bore therethrough adapted to receive the inner body therein for slidable and rotational movement between the inner and outer body said device being operable from a first position in which the sharp is contained within the outer body via one or more second or intermediate positions, in at least one of which intermediate position the sharp is exposed for use to a third position in which the sharp is contained and locked within the outer body.

The present invention also provides a non-reusable needle device for injection or for withdrawal of body fluid samples adapted to be connected to a syringe or to body fluid collection device which comprises at least two body sections forming an inner body having a needle attached thereto and an outer body slidably and rotatably mounted about the inner body said device being operable from a first position in which the needle is retracted and contained within the outer body, via a second position in which the needle extends beyond the outer body and is releasably engaged in an in use configuration to a third position in which the needle is locked in a retracted configuration within the outer body. The present invention further provides a non-reusable needle device for injection or for withdrawal of body fluid samples which comprises an inner body having a needle attached thereto at one end and adapted at the other end to be attached to injector or body sampling means and an outer body having a bore therethrough adapted to receive the inner body therein for slidable and rotational movement between the inner and outer body said device being operable from a first position in which the needle is contained within the outer body via one or more second or intermediate positions at which at least one of which positions the needle is exposed for use to a third position in which the needle is contained and locked within the outer body.

Preferably the device includes bias means to bias the device towards the first and/or third positions.

Preferably the bias means comprises a spring disposed within the outer body. Preferably the inner body is disposed substantially within an axially disposed bore in the outer body. Preferably movement of the device from the first to the third position is controlled by groove means formed in one of said body sections and groove follower means formed on the other of said body sections. Preferably the groove means is of varying depth along its length and includes step means to restrict relative movement between the groove follower and the groove means to one direction and at least one step means.

Preferably the step means locks the device in said third position such that the device cannot be operated to expose the needle. Preferably the groove additionally includes one or more projections to restrain the device against force of the bias means in any one of a plurality of positions intermediate said first and third positions. Preferably the configuration of the grooves and the positions of the steps and beads causes the device to automatically retract to the locked position when the device is removed from the syringe or other attachment. Preferably follower means is biassed towards the groove means.

Referring to Figs. 1 and 2 there is shown a non- reusable needle device 10 comprising a generally cylindrical outer body 11 and a generally cylindrical inner body 12.

The outer body 11 has an axially disposed bore 13 adapted to slidably accommodate inner body 12 therein. Inner body 12 includes an axially disposed bore 14 therethrough to permit fluid communication between needle 15 fixed to the forward end 16 thereof and connection means 17 at rearward end 18 adapted to be connected to e.g. a syringe or■ body fluid collection device (not shown).

Outer body 11 includes towards the forward end 19 an annular flange 20 within the bore 13 and longitudinal groove 21 formed within the walls of the bore 13. The outer body includes at its rearward end 22 a further inwardly directed annular flange 23. inner body 12 includes at end 16 a forwardly projecting boss 24 with a flange 25 disposed rearwardly thereof. Disposed rearwardly of the flange 25 on inner body 12 is a pair of diametrically opposed groove followers 26 comprising projections 27 and resilient connectors 28. The rear end of the groove followers 26 includes step 29. Flange 25 is dimensioned to readily slide within the bore 13 of diameter "d" in the outer body 11.

Disposed within outer body 11 about needle 15 and boss 24 is a spring 30 which extends between annular flange 20 on the outer body and flange 25 on the inner body to bias the needle in a retracted configuration as shown in Fig. 2 such that needle 15 is entirely within outer body 11. Step 29 on groove follower 26 abuts flange 23 on the outer body 11 to restrain the inner body 12 within the -outer body 11. The inner body and outer body are dimensioned such that the inner body snap fits through the annular flange 23 on assembly of the parts.

Fig. la is a cross-sectional view and Fig. lb a plan view of the groove 21 along its length from B to B'. Referring to Fig. 3 in conjunction with Figs, la and lb the operation of the non-reusable needle device 10 will be described in more detail. Fig. 3a shows the needle device in cross-section in a retracted position ready for use, Fig. 3b shows the needle device in cross-section in an exposed configuration ready for use. Fig. 3c shows the needle device in cross-section in an intermediate configuration prior to retraction following use and Fig. 3d shows the needle device in cross-section in the fully retracted and locked configuration. In Fig. 3 the plane of the cross-sectional view of the inner body portion is constant whilst the plane of cross-section of the outer body in Figs. 3a and 3b is at right angles to the plane of cross- section of. the outer body in Figs. 3c and 3d. That is to say in Fig. 3 the inner body does not rotate about its axis whilst the outer body as shown in Figs. 3c and 3d is rotated about its axis by 90° with respect to the outer body as shown in Figs. 3a and 3b.

In Fig. 3a the inner body 12 is biassed by spring 30 so that the needle 15 is fully retracted within outer body 11 with step 29 on groove followers 26.abutting against flange 23 on outer body 11 due to the bias of spring 30. The projections 27 of followers 26 are biassed outwardly due to the resilience of connectors 28 within longitudinal groove portion 21a. As the needle device is fitted to e.g. a syringe (not shown) the device moves from the configuration of Fig. 3a to that of Fig. 3b. Projections 27 are depressed inwardly as they move along inclined ramp 31 of groove portion 21b from level (i) to level (ii) until the projections 27 pass over step 32 and into groove portion 21c at level (i). Abutment of projections 27 against step 32 prevents return of the device to the configuration of Fig. 3a and holds the needle 15 exposed for use. Once the needle has been used the outer body is rotated 90° with respect to the inner body to the configuration as shown in Fig. 3c. Projections 27 pass along circumferential groove 21c at level (i) and then along longitudinal groove portion 21d due to bias of the spring 30. The projections 27 are depressed inwardly as they move along inclined ramp 33 of groove portion 21d from level (i) to level (ii)= ntil the projections pass over step 34 to level (i) to lock the needle device in the retracted configuration as shown in Fig. 3d by means of abutment of projections 27 in groove portion 21e behind step 34 and with step.29 on groove follower 26 restrained also within groove portion 21e by outer body flange 23.

Referring to Fig. 4 there is shown an alternative construction of non-reusable needle device 40 including outer body 41 having inner body 42 slidably mounted therein. Inner body 42 has affixed thereto needle 43 such that there is fluid communication between needle 43 and syringe attachment means 44. Inner body 42 is slidably mounted within bore 45 of outer body 41. Spring 46 disposed between inner end face 47 of the bore 45 of the outer body and forward end 48 of the inner body 42. Outer body has resiliently mounted within bore 45 a groove follower 49 adapted to fit within and follow groove 50 in the inner body 42 as will be described later. inner body 42 is designed to snap fit within bore 45 of outer body 41 and be held in the retracted configuration with needle 43 entirely within outer body 41 by bias of spring 46 retaining rearward face 51 of inner body 42 abutting against stop 52 in the form of a circumferential bead on the outer body 41 within the bore 45. As the needle device is drawn on to a syringe (not shown), inner body 42 is caused to move forward relative to outer body 41 and against the bias of spring 46. Follower 49 moves along grooved portion 50a and is restrained in groove portion 50b by way of a circular twisting motion of the inner body 42 with respect to outer body 41. The device is thus fixed in a configuration ready for use with the needle 43 fully extended. In the Fig. the device is shown in the final retracted and locked position and includes two sets of grooves 50 and followers 49.

As the needle device is removed from the syringe, the bias of spring 46 causes the follower to return automatically back along groove portion 50b until step 53 is reached which diverts the follower 49 along groove portion 50c where a further groove step 50d restrains the device in the retracted configuration as shown such that the needle 43 cannot be re-extended and reused. In the configuration of Fig. 4 it will be seen that the needle device of the invention is moved from the retracted to the exposed configuration as the device is attached to a syringe (not shown) by pressure of the end of the syringe against the tapered (right hand) end of the inner body 42. Detachment of the needle device from the syringe permits the device to return to the retracted configuration with the needle locked within the outer body by means of cooperation between the groove follower 49 and groove 50. Referring to Fig. 5 there is shown a further variant of needle device similar to that as described in Fig. 4. Fig. 5a is a plan view of the groove 63. The device 60 includes outer body 61 and inner body 62 slidably mounted therein as previously described in relation to Fig. 4. The inner body 62 includes a "Z plan" groove 63 disposed therein. The inner body as before has needle 65 attached thereto. Spring 64 is also provided to bias the device towards the retracted configuration wherein the needle 65 is contained and restrained wholly within the outer body 61. Follower 66 resiliently mounted as before on the inside of the wall of outer body 61 follows groove 63 as previously. The device is initially supplied with the follower at groove portion 63a with the needle fully retracted within the outer body 61 as shown. Placement of the needle device on, for example a syringe (not shown) causes outer body 61 to slide over inner body 62 guided by passage of follower 66 within groove 63 from groove portion 63a to groove portion 63b. A slight twist of the outer body 61 with respect to inner body 62 causes the follower to rest in groove portion 63c. The follower is releasably retained in groove portion 63c by means of bead 67 over which follower 66 snap fits. In this configuration the needle 65 is fully extended ready for use and held in position due to the constraint of the follower 66 in groove portion 63c with the assistance of bead 67. Once the needle has been used the device is rotated as explained above to release follower 66 over bead 67 and the device operated so that follower 66 returns along groove 63b to 63a whereby the needle 63 is again withdrawn to within outer body 61. The inner body 62 is then rotated with respect to the outer body 61 so that the follower 66 passes over bead 68 and is forced by the resilient means into groove portion 63d which projects deeper or further into the inner body 62 than the remaining portions of groove 63. The used needle device 60 is thus locked in a retracted configuration with the needle 65 completely contained within the outer body 61 by cooperation between groove 63 and follower 66.

In the devices of Figs. 1 to 3 and 5 as distinct from the device of Fig. 4 the attachment of the needle device to the syringe (or other device) does not necessarily cause the needle device to be moved from the first retracted configuration to the second "in use" configuration depending on whether or not the device is held by the inner or outer body portions. Separate manipulation of the needle device is required after the needle device is attached to the required syringe or other sampling device depending on whether injection or body fluid sampling is to be conducted. It will be seen that by holding the device by the inner body portion the device may be attached to a syringe without the risk of the needle being exposed or contaminated. The device of Figs. 1 to 5 may additionally contain bead means or other projections within the groove to hold the device in any one of a plurality of positions between the initial retracted configuration and the final locked retracted configuration.

It will be seen that with appropriate positioning of these grooves and beads it is possible to construct a device which automatically returns to the locked retracted configuration when the device is removed from the syringe or other attachment.

The device may be constructed of any suitable materials. For example the needle and spring may be of suitable stainless steel. The inner and outer body means may be of any suitable synthetic plastics material able to be sterilized in the usual manner.

Claims

THE CLAIMS DEFINING THE INVENTION ARE AS FOLLOWS:
1. A non-reusable needle device for injection or for withdrawal of body fluid samples adapted to be connected to a syringe or to a body fluid collection device which comprises at least two body sections forming an inner body having a needle attached thereto and an outer body slidably
• and rotatably mounted about the inner body said device being operable from a first position in which the needle is retracted and contained within the outer body, via a second position in which the needle extends beyond the outer body and is releasably engaged in an in use configuration to a third position in which the needle is locked in a retracted configuration within the outer body.
2. A device as claimed in claim 1 which includes bias means to bias the device towards the first and/or third positions.
3. A device as claimed in claim 1 or 2 in which the bias means comprises a spring disposed within the outer body.
4. A device as claimed in claim 1, 2 or 3 in which the inner body is disposed substantially within an axially disposed bore in the outer body.
5. A device as claimed in claim 1, 2, 3 or 4 in which movement of the device from the first to the third position is controlled by groove means formed in one of said body sections and groove follower means formed on the other of said body sections.
6. A device as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 5 in which said groove means is of varying depth along its length and includes step means to restrict relative movement between the groove follower and the groove means to one direction.
7. A device as claimed in claim 6 in which there is at least one step means.
8. A device as claimed in claim 6 or 7 in which said step means locks the device in said third position such that the device cannot be operated to expose the needle.
9. A device as claimed in 6, 7 or 8 in which the groove additionally includes one or more projections to restrain the device against force of the bias means in any one of a plurality of positions intermediate said first and third positions.
10. A device as claimed in any one of claims 5 to 8 in which the follower means is biassed towards the groove means.
11. A non-reusable needle device for injection or for withdrawal of body fluid samples which comprises an inner body having a needle attached thereto at one end and adapted at the other end to be attached to injector or body sampling means and an outer body having a bore therethrough adapted to receive the inner body therein for slidable and rotational movement between the inner and outer body said device being operable from a first position in which the needle is contained within the outer body via one or more second or intermediate positions at which at least one of which positions the needle is exposed for use to a third position in which the needle is contained and locked within the outer body.
12. A device as claimed in claim 11 which includes bias means to bias the device towards the first and/or third positions.
13. A device as claimed in claim 11 or 12 in which the bias means comprises a spring disposed within the outer body.
14. A device as claimed in claim 11, 12 or 13 in which the inner body is disposed substantially within an axially disposed bore in the outer body.
15. A device as claimed in claim 11, 12, 13 or 14 in which movement of the device from the first to the third position is controlled by groove means formed in one of said body sections and groove follower means formed on the other of said body sections.
16. A device as claimed in any one of claims 11 to 15 in which said groove means is of varying depth- along its length and includes step means to restrict relative movement between the groove follower and the groove means to one direction.
17. A device as claimed in claim 16 in which there is at least one step means.
18. A device as claimed in claim 16 or 17 in which said step means locks the device in said third position such that the device cannot be operated to expose the needle.
19. A device as claimed in claim 16, 17 or 18 in which the groove additionally includes one or more projections to restrain the device against force of the bias means in any one of a plurality of positions intermediate said first and third positions.
20. A device as claimed in any one of claims 15 to 18 in which the follower means is biassed towards the groove means.
21. A non-reusable sharp device for taking body tissue samples which comprises an inner body having a sharp attached thereto at one end and adapted at the other end to be attached to a handle and an outer body having a bore therethrough adapted to receive the inner body therein for slidable and rotational movement between the inner and outer body said device being operable from a first position in which the sharp is contained within the outer body via one or more second or intermediate positions, in at least one of which intermediate position the sharp is exposed for use to a third position in which the sharp is contained and locked within the outer body.
22. A device as claimed in claim 21 which includes bias means to bias the device towards the first and/or third positions.
23. A device as claimed in claim 21 or 22 in which the bias means comprises a spring disposed within the outer body.
24. A device as claimed in claim 21, 22 or 23 in which the inner body is disposed substantially within an axially disposed bore in the outer body.
25. A device as claimed in claim 21, 22, 23 or 24 in which movement of the device from the first to the third position is controlled by groove means formed in one of said body sections and groove follower means formed on the other of said body sections.
26. A device as claimed in any one of claims 21 to 25 in which said groove means is of varying depth along its length and includes step means to restrict relative movement between the groove follower and the groove means to one direction.
27. A device as claimed in claim 26 in which there is at least one step means.
28. A device as claimed in claim 26 or 27 in which said step means locks the device in said third position such that the device cannot be operated to expose the needle.
29. A device as claimed in 26, 27 or 28 in which the groove additionally includes one or more projections to restrain the device against force of the bias means in any one of a plurality of positions intermediate said first and third positions.
30. A device as claimed in any one of claims 25 to 28 in which the follower means is biassed towards the groove means.
PCT/AU1991/000035 1990-02-02 1991-02-01 A retractable sharp WO1991011212A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AUPJ843790 1990-02-02
AUPJ8437 1990-02-02

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Publication Number Publication Date
WO1991011212A1 true WO1991011212A1 (en) 1991-08-08

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PCT/AU1991/000035 WO1991011212A1 (en) 1990-02-02 1991-02-01 A retractable sharp

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WO1994022510A1 (en) * 1993-04-01 1994-10-13 Novo Nordisk A/S Dispenser secured against reuse
EP0770351A1 (en) * 1995-10-26 1997-05-02 Serge Bajada Medical sharp apparatus with means for rendering it safe after use
US6106500A (en) * 1993-08-23 2000-08-22 Mahurkar; Sakharam D. Hypodermic needle assembly
US6156013A (en) * 1998-11-04 2000-12-05 Mahurkar; Sakharam D. Safety syringe
WO2001091837A1 (en) * 2000-05-31 2001-12-06 Novo Nordisk A/S A disposable double pointed injection needle, and an insulin injection system comprising a disposable double pointed injection needle
WO2003011378A1 (en) * 2001-07-28 2003-02-13 Owen Mumford Limited Improvements relating to injection devices
US6547764B2 (en) 2000-05-31 2003-04-15 Novo Nordisk A/S Double pointed injection needle
EP1313520A1 (en) * 2000-08-02 2003-05-28 Becton Dickinson and Company Pen needle and safety shield system
WO2004000397A1 (en) * 2002-06-22 2003-12-31 Barry Peter Liversidge Medical needle assemblies
EP1447108A1 (en) * 2003-02-11 2004-08-18 Douglas Arthur Emmott A safety accessory for needles
WO2004071560A1 (en) * 2003-02-11 2004-08-26 Weston Terence E A safety needle
EP1459683A1 (en) * 2003-03-20 2004-09-22 Roche Diagnostics GmbH Puncturing aid with lancet device and prevention of reuse
EP1479408A1 (en) * 2003-05-23 2004-11-24 Becton, Dickinson and Company Needle shield with wings
EP1542745A1 (en) * 2002-08-26 2005-06-22 bioMD LIMITED Sheath for a needle assembly
FR2884723A1 (en) * 2005-04-20 2006-10-27 Becton Dickinson France Soc Pa Injection needle protector with support, sleeve and spring has axial guides to prevent sleeve from rotating as it moves axially relative to support
US8048035B2 (en) 2004-08-06 2011-11-01 Meridian Medical Technologies, Inc. Automatic injector with needle cover
US8109905B2 (en) * 2001-10-24 2012-02-07 Becton, Dickinson And Company Retractable needle assembly
AU2010200895B2 (en) * 2001-10-24 2012-03-22 Becton, Dickinson And Company Retractable needle apparatus
US8235950B2 (en) 2005-02-03 2012-08-07 Salvus Technology GmbH Safety needle
US8597255B2 (en) 2005-02-03 2013-12-03 Salvus Technology Limited Safety needle
US8827961B2 (en) 2005-02-03 2014-09-09 West Pharmaceutical Services, Inc. Safety needle
US8870827B2 (en) 2004-08-06 2014-10-28 Meridian Medical Technologies, Inc. Automatic injector
US9352079B2 (en) 2005-02-25 2016-05-31 Salvus Technology Limited Safety needle accessory
US9526846B2 (en) 2009-08-19 2016-12-27 Safety Syringes, Inc. Patient-contact activated needle stick safety device
WO2017001719A1 (en) * 2015-07-02 2017-01-05 Servicio Andaluz De Salud Safety device for blood extraction

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