WO1988003036A1 - Mask - Google Patents

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Publication number
WO1988003036A1
WO1988003036A1 PCT/US1987/002848 US8702848W WO8803036A1 WO 1988003036 A1 WO1988003036 A1 WO 1988003036A1 US 8702848 W US8702848 W US 8702848W WO 8803036 A1 WO8803036 A1 WO 8803036A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
material
means
person
face
mask
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US1987/002848
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Trenton A. Niemeyer
Original Assignee
Filcon Corporation
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62BDEVICES, APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING
    • A62B18/00Breathing masks or helmets, e.g. affording protection against chemical agents or for use at high altitudes or incorporating a pump or compressor for reducing the inhalation effort
    • A62B18/02Masks
    • A62B18/025Halfmasks
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41DOUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES
    • A41D13/00Professional, industrial, or sporting protective garments, e.g. garments affording protection against blows or punches, surgeon's gowns
    • A41D13/05Professional, industrial, or sporting protective garments, e.g. garments affording protection against blows or punches, surgeon's gowns protecting only a particular body part
    • A41D13/11Protective face masks, e.g. for surgical use, or for use in foul atmospheres
    • A41D13/1107Protective face masks, e.g. for surgical use, or for use in foul atmospheres characterised by their shape
    • A41D13/1138Protective face masks, e.g. for surgical use, or for use in foul atmospheres characterised by their shape with a cup configuration
    • A41D13/1146Protective face masks, e.g. for surgical use, or for use in foul atmospheres characterised by their shape with a cup configuration obtained by moulding

Abstract

A mask (10, 10', 10'') for filtering dust and other particulates from air to be breathed by a person (14). The mask (10, 10', 10'') includes a compressible strip (30, 30', 30'') covered partially by a sealing material (32, 32', 32'') around the entire contact path between the mask (10, 10', 10'') and the person's face. The compressible strip (30, 30', 30'') provides for changes in the configuration of the face, while the impermeable material (32, 32', 32'') maintains a seal during all such changes.

Description

MASK

Field of the Invention The present invention is directed to an inexpensive mask for filtering dust and other particulates from air.

Background of the Invention

Masks for filtering dust and other particulates from air are known. In particular, a known mask has a hump- shaped, pliant layer of filter material formed to have an irregularly shaped perimeter to conform relatively closely to a person's face. The mask forms an enclosure about the per¬ son's nose and mouth. The known mask includes a short piece of foam-like material in a region where the mask contacts the person's nose. Apparently, the foam-like material functions as a pading. A pair of straps are attached to the mask for holding the mask to the person's head.

The problem with the known mask is that different people have different face configurations and, for that matter, the face configuration of a particular person changes as he breathes, talks, grimaces, or even as he becomes fatigued during working, so that the known mask does not always conform to these various configurations and provide an appropriate seal. More subtly and more importantly, leakage may occur during normal breathing due to the natural spheri¬ cal concavity formed by the position of the cheekbone, the teeth, and the outer part of the jaw on both sides of the wearer's face. A pliant, muscular tissue covers these con-- cavities to form the cheek. During inhalation, the pressure differential is such that it creates an external force pushing against the cheek area and forcing the cheek tissue inward toward the inside of the mouth. During this process, the cheek tissue may be separated slightly from the perimeter of the known mask. Any slight separation provides an opening so that the small particulates which the mask is intended to filter may be forced into the space enclosed by the mask by the higher pressure which is outside the mask. The problem increases in magnitude anytime the jaw drops thereby increasing the area and depth of the indicated concavity. Although the indicated problem is subtle, the particles which are to be filtered are smaller than the eye can see, and over time this deficiency in the known mask could lead to a serious situation.

Consequently, although the known mask meets the efficiency requirements with respect to the filter material, the mask system which includes attachment to the wearer, ofύen has a much lower efficiency since there either is an inadequate seal between the person's face and the mask at the time the mask is put on, or an inadequate seal develops at various times during the wearing. '

Summary of the Invention The present invention is directed to solving the problems of the known mask. In this regard, the present mask includes a mechanism for filtering dust and other par- ticulates from air, as well as a mechanism for pliably con¬ forming the mask to a person's face and a mechanism for sealing between the person's face and the first material of the filtering mechanism. The filtering mechanism is formed as a hump-shaped, pliant layer of first material wherein the layer has an irregularly shaped perimeter to substantially conform to the person's face so that the hump-shaped layer encloses the person's nose and mouth. The conforming mecha¬ nism is attached to the filtering mechanism in an endless strip near the perimeter of the first material. The sealing mechanism is impenetrable to the dust and other particulates intended to be filtered from the air. The sealing mechanism is endless and is attached to both the strip of second material and to the first material. The sealing mechanism leaves exposed an endless portion of the second material so that air can be forced out of and absorbed into the second material during compression and expansion without flowing through the sealing mechanism into space enclosed by the filtering mechanism. More particularly, the endless strip is formed from a rectangular cross-sectional shaped, foam-like material which will readily compress and expand to conform to a per¬ son's face. One side of the strip is attached to the filter material. A third material, comprising the sealing mecha- nism, is attached to the side of the foam strip opposite the side attached to the filter material and extends for attach¬ ment to the filter material. In this way, the impenetrable material is in contact with the person's face, and provides a seal between the face and the filter material. One side of the foam material is left free of the impenetrable material so that air may be forced out of or absorbed into the foam material during compression and expansion.

The present invention is particularly advantageous in that the foam material allows the mask to conform to the person's face, including the concavities therein, during various configurations of the face. Furthermore, the seal between the face and the filter material is maintained as a result of the elastic, yet impenetrable, third material. Thus, with the present mask, the filter material can be made to perform not only to a high efficiency, but such efficiency can be maintained by minimizing the likelihood of violations' of seal integrity between the wearer's face and the filter material. Significantly, the advantages of the present invention are possible without requiring expensive design details or manufacturing steps.

In a first alternate embodiment, a frame of rigid material is installed between the foam and the filter material of the mask to provide a rigid surface against which the foam may be compressed. In a second alternate embodi- ent, the filter function is provided by a smaller pad of filter material which is replaceable within a window-like frame and held in place by a cover. The window-like frame is formed as a part of a relatively rigid shell. Since the foam and sealing mechanism of the third material is attached to the shell rather than relatively flexible filter materials, the foam compresses against the shell in a fashion similar to the way it compresses against the relatively rigid frame of the first alternate embodiment. These advantages and objectives of the present invention can be better understood by reference to the drawings, briefly described hereinafter, and by reference to the detailed description of the preferred and other embodi¬ ments which follows thereafter and refers to the drawings.

Brief Description of the Drawings FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a person wearing a mask in accordance with the present invention;

FIGURE 2 is a side view of the person and mask of FIGURE 1, showing the mask in cross-section;

FIGURE 3 is a plan, rear view of the mask; FIGURE 4 is a cross-sectional view, in perspective, of a portion of the mask which includes the sealing mecha¬ nism; FIGURE 5 is a cross-sectional view, in perspective, similar to FIGURE 4 of an alternate embodiment;

FIGURE 6 is an exploded perspective view of an alternate embodiment mask in accordance with the present invention; and FIGURE 7 is a cross-sectional view taken along line

7-7 of Figure 6.

Detailed Description of the Preferred Embodiment Referring now to the drawings wherein like reference numerals designate identical or corresponding parts throughout the several views, and more particularly to FIGURE 1, a mask in accordance with the present invention is designated generally by the numeral 10. Mask 10 is held by straps 12 to the face of person 14 so as to enclose the per¬ son's nose and mouth.

As shown in FIGURE 2, mask 10 includes a layer 16 of first materials which function to filter dust and other particulates from air. As shown, layer 16 commonly includes an outer material 18 and an inner material 20. In addition, it is understood that additional sheets of filtering first materials may be included as a part of layer 16. Each sheet of a first material may filter a different size or a dif¬ ferent type of particle from air passing therethrough. In addition, a plurality of sheets provides for the possibility of creating an' air space between adjacent sheets so as to serve a further settling and filtering function.

Layer 16 is formed to have a hump-like shape so as to enclose the nose and mouth, but not contact them, when the mask is against the person's face. The filtering layer is pliant and has a perimeter 22 which is irregularly shaped to conform substantially to a person's face. A seam 24 near perimeter 22 attaches the various first materials together. In addition, ridges or grooves 26 may be formed in one or more of the first materials of layer 16 to provide structure for maintaining the shape of mask 10. A metallic member 28 may be attached with adhesive or in another known fashion to outer material 16 so as to fit over the nose of person 14.- Member 28 is preferably readily malleable by hand so as to easily conform mask 10 to the bridge of the nose.

Strip 30 is fastened with an adhesive or another known fastening mechanism to the inner material 20 of filtering layer 16 near perimeter 22. Strip 30 forms an endless path. Strip 30 is made from an open cell foam second material and, preferably, has a rectangular cross- sectional shape. It is understood, however, that other cross-sectional shapes may function as well. In particular, it is only necessary that strip 30 have a first portion facing at least partially toward space enclosed by layer 16 and a second portion facing at least partially away from space enclosed by layer 16. The open cell foam allows air to be forced out of or absorbed into the foam during compression and expansion, in contrast to closed cell foam which reshapes or displaces rather than compressing and expanding.

A third material 32 also forms an endless path and attaches to both strip 30 and inner material 20. Third material 32 is elastic, impermeable to air, dust and other particulates to be filtered by layer 16 and is so soft that it cannot support its own weight.

As shown, strip 30 has a rectangular cross- sectional shape so that a first side is attached to inner material 20. Third material 32 covers either the first or second portion of strip 30, or, more particularly, is attached to a second side of .strip 30 which is opposite from the first side and to a third side, as well as to a portion of inner material 20. In this way, the portion of third material 32 attached to the second side of strip 30 contacts the face of person 14 and provides an efficient seal between the face and inner material 20.

One or more straps 12 are attached to opposite side edges of filtering layer 16 so that when straps 12 are placed around the head of person 14, mask 10 is held securely to his face. More importantly, straps 12 are elastic or include adjustment mechanisms 34 so that mask 10 is held so tightly to the face of person 14 that strip 30 compresses to the more solid portions of the face, such as the cheek bone and jaw, and conforms to the concavities of the face therebetween. As the configuration of the face changes or as masks are worn different people, the compressibility of strip 30 provid for these various configurations and in conjunction wi third material 32 maintains a seal thereby requiri breathable air to pass through filtering layer 16.

The elasticity of the third material allows it follow the various shapes of compression and expansion strip 30. That is, third material 32 maintains attachment strip 30 and allows strip 30 to conform to the configuratio of the face. In this regard, third material 32 must be soft that it conforms to strip 30 and the face of the wear and does not affect the performance of strip 30 duri compression and expansion. As indicated, to function indicated, third material 32 is sufficiently soft that will not support its own weight. In this way, the lo (compression or expansion) of one segment of third materi 32 is only locally transferred and does not globally affe the entire strip of third material. While third material in combination with strip 30 seals an expanding a contracting perimeter to the skin of the face, substantiall stiffer or nonelastic materials do not allow a perimeter expand and contract and maintain a seal and thus lead to ga with the surface to be sealed or buckling of the material.

It is further noted that third material 32 may generally on the side of the strip 30 facing toward the spac enclosed by layer 16 or on the other side. The importa criteria is that third material 32 is attached to the side strip 30 opposite the side attached to inner material 20 s that it contacts the face and that at least one of the othe sides is free of third material 32 so that air may be force from or absorbed into the open cell foam strip 30 as i compresses and expands during wear.

To use, mask 10 is placed over the nose and mout of person 14 and straps 12 are extended around his head Straps 12 are adjusted so that third material 32 contacts the person's face at least partially all along the endless path of the third material. Also, strip 30 should be at least partially compressed all along its endless path. In that way, third material 32 forms an efficient seal thereby pre¬ venting undesirable particles from bypassing filtering layer 16 and for the most part requiring air to pass through filtering layer 16 before reaching the person's nose or mouth. Over time, as the configuration of the personrs face changes due to smiling, grimacing, talking, breathing, etc., the foam strip 30 compresses or expands, but third material 32 always maintains a seal. During compression and expansion, air can freely flow into or out of strip 30 through the side of strip 30 which is free of third material 32.

A first alternate embodiment of the present inven¬ tion is indicated by the detail shown in FIGURE 5. The embo¬ diment of FIGURE 5 is the same as the preferred embodiment of the other figures, except it includes a frame 36. For the sake of clarity, parts of the embodiment of FIGURE 5 which correspond with parts of the preferred embodiment are designated by exactly the same numerals, only the numerals are primed. Frame 36 is made of a substantially rigid material, like plastic, and shaped to substantially conform to the face of the mask wearer near the perimeter of the mask. Frame 36 may be made from a hand shaped, semi-rigid material. Preferably, frame 36 is endless and is fastened with adhesive or another known mechanism to the interior of the mask near the perimeter of the mask. Second and third materials 30' and 32' are then fastened to one another and to frame 36 in the same fashion as they are fastened to inner material 20 as described with respect to the preferred embodiment 10. In this wayT^- frame 36 provides a more solid surface so that second material 30' may more readily compress between the face, especially the solid portions of the face, and frame 36. Use of the first alternate embodiment is similar to the use of preferred embodiment 10.

A secqnd alternate embodiment of the present inven¬ tion is shown in Figs. 6-7. Parts of the second alternate embodiment which1 correspond with the preferred embodiment are designated by exactly the same numerals, only the numerals are double-primed. The second alternate embodiment mask is generally designated by the numeral 10''. Mask 10'' has a shell 40 formed Ito have a hump-shape so as to enclose the nose and mouth, 'but not contact them, similar to material layer 16 of mask 10. Shell 40 includes a window-like frame 42 for receiving a layer of first materials 44 which function to filter dust an,d other particulates from air. A cover 46 holds layer 44 in place.

Shell 40 has a perimeter 22''. A strip 30'' the same as strip 30 is fastened with adhesive or other known fastening mechanism to shell 40 near perimeter 22''. Similarly, a third material 32"' the same as material 32 is fastened to both strip 30'' and shell 40, leaving one side of strip 30'' exposed to allow air to be forced from or absorbed into the open cell foam material. As discussed with respect to the preferred embodiment, material 32'', therefore, forms- a particulate impenetrable seal between the face and shell 40, while yet allowing the open cell foam strip 30'' to compress or expandi as necessary. Strap holders 48 are preferably made of the same material as shell, 40 and form an integral part with it. Buckles 50 and attached straps are appropriately held by holders 48.

In a location approximately directly forwardly from where the mouth of the wearer of mask 10'' would be, frame 42 is formed. The size of frame 42 is not critical, as long as it is sufficiently large to allow sufficient air to the wearer during respiration for all respiration rates of the wearer. Frame 42 includes a flange 52 about its periphery. In addition, cross members 54 extend between pairs of oppo¬ site sides to form a grid across the opening 56. Layer 44 of filter sheets fit within and completely fill opening 56. A strip of adhesive or a sealing gasket (not shown)along the outer perimeter of layer 44 may be used to attach layer 44 to the outer edge 57 of opening 56 to insure that dirty air can¬ not bypass filtering layer 44 when passing from the outside of shell 40 to a space enclosed by it.

Cover 46 fits over layer 44 and attaches to flanges 52 of frame 42. Cover 46 is formed to have a rectangular frame 58 with cross members 60 and flanges 62 along pre¬ ferably only one pair of opposite sides. Cover 46 is pre¬ ferably slightly arcuate between flanges 62 so that flanges 62 may be separated when cover 46 is placed over frame 42. In this way, flanges 62 frictionally engage mating walls of flange 52.

In use, mask 10' ' is placed over the nose and mouth of the wearer and appropriate straps fit around the wearer's head snugly. Strip 30'' compresses as appropriate and third material 32'' forms a seal as appropriate, both functions being adequately described hereinbefore with respect to the preferred embodiment. A pad of layer 44 is placed in the enclosure defined by flange 52 of frame 42. Cover 46 is bent slightly so that flanges 62 fit over opposite walls of flange 52 to hold layer 44 between cross members 54 and 60. The pad of layer 44 sheets may be installed in this fashion before or after mask 1Q' ' is placed on the wearer.

Mask 10 ' ' is particularly advantageous since shell 40 is relatively rigid and maintains its shape over extended use, even when it gets wet through perspiration or otherwise. The rigidity of shell 40 allows the straps of mask 10 ' to be snugged as desired and, therefore, to compress strip 30'' perhaps more than one would with strip 30 of the preferred embodiment. In addition, sufficient filtering area is pro- vided to allow more than adequate airflow for respiration. Also, layer 44 is readily replaceable so that unclogged filtering sheets can be installed whenever needed. In contrast, a mask as disclosed for the preferred embodiment must be discarded whenever the filtering materials becomes sufficiently dirty.

Thus, the preferred and alternate embodiments of the present invention have hereby been disclosed in detail and advantages of structure and function pointed out. It is understood, however, that the embodiments are only exemplary of other possible equivalent embodiments. Therefore, it is understood that changes made, especially in matters of shape, size and arrangement to the full extent extended by the general meaning of the terms in which the appended claims are expressed, are within the principle of the present invention.

Claims

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:
1. A mask, comprising: means for filtering dust and other particulates from air, said filtering means including a layer of first filter material, said filtering means having an irregularly shaped perimeter to substantially conform to a person's face; means for pliably conforming to said person's face, said conforming means being attached to said filtering means in an endless strip of second material near the perimeter of said filtering mean, said second material allowing air to be forced therein and thereout; means for -sealing between said person's face and said first material, said sealing means being impermeable, said sealing means being endless and attached to both said strip of second material and said first material, said sealing .means leaving exposed an endless portion of said second material so that air may be forced out of and absorbed into said second material during compression and expansion without flowing through said sealing means into space enclosed by said filtering means.
2. A mask in accordance with claim 1 including a frame member attached to said filtering means near the perimeter of said first material and to said conforming means between said filtering means and said conforming means.
3. A mask, comprising: means for filtering dust and other particulates from air, said filtering means including a layer of first filter material, said filtering means having an irregularly shaped perimeter to substantially conform to a person's face; means for pliably conforming to said person's face, said conforming means being attached to said filtering means
Figure imgf000014_0001
in an endless strip of foam-like, second material near the perimeter of said filtering means, said second material allowing air to be forced therein and thereout so that said second material forms an expanding and contracting side facing said person's face as the person's face moves through different expressions, said strip having a first portion facing at least partially toward space enclosed by said layer of first material and a second portion facing at least par¬ tially away from space enclosed by said layer; a third sealing material covering one of said first and second portions and a portion of said layer of first material, said third material being impenetrable, said third material being elastic so that said third material readily stretches to the shape of the expanding and contracting side of said second material so that said second material effec¬ tively functions to conform to the variable irregularities of the face while the third material effectively functions to seal; and a strap attached to said filtering means for wrapping about said person's head to hold said third material against said person's face and compress at least partially said second material whereby air flowing in and out of said second material during compression and expansion is directed by said third material which covers one of said first and second portions to flow through the other of said first and second portions.
4. A mask in accordance with claim 3 including a semi¬ rigid frame member fastened between said layer of first material on one side and said second material on the other side.
5. A mask, comprising: means for filtering dust and other particulates from air, said filtering means forming a hump-shaped, pliant layer of a plurality of first materials, said layer having an irregularly shaped perimeter to conform substantially to a person's face so that said layer encloses said person's nose and mouth; means for sealing between said filtering means and said person's face, said sealing means including an endless strip of foam-like, second material, said strip having a rec¬ tangular cross-sectional shape with four sides, the first of said sides being attached to said filtering means near said perimeter, a second of said sides being opposite said first side, the second side of said second material expanding and contracting to conform to the irregularities in said person's face as the face moves through different expressions, said sealing means further including a third material, said third material being elastic and impermeable, said third material being attached endlessly to at leas.t a portion of said second side and a third of said sides of said second material and a portion of said first material adjacent to said third side, said third material being elastic and sufficiently soft that said third material cannot support its own weight so that said third material readily stretches and takes on the shape of said second material at localized segments thereby allowing said second material to conform to the variable irregularities of the face while yet allowing said third material to seal effectively along its complete endless path; and a strap attached to said filtering means for wrapping about said person's head to hold said filtering means to enclose said person's nose and mouth so that said second material compresses and so that said third material directs air forced out of and absorbed into said second material through a fourth of said sides, thereby preventing contaminated air from bypassing said filtering means through said sealing means.
6. A mask in accordance with claim 5 including a semi¬ rigid frame member fastened between said hump-shaped layer on one side and said second and third materials on the other side.
7. A mask comprising: means for enclosing a person's nose and mouth, said enclosing means having an irregularly shaped perimeter to substantially conform to said person's face and surround said person's nose and mouth, said enclosing means including means for filtering dust and other particulates from air; an endless strip of open cell foam attached to said enclosing means near said perimeter, said foam forming an expanding and contracting side facing said person's face as the person's face moves through different expressions, said strip having a first portion facing at least partially toward space enclosed by said enclosing means and a second portion facing at least partially away from space enclosed by said enclosing means; an elastic material following an endless path and covering one of said first and second portions and a portion of said enclosing means along said entire path, said material being impermeable to air and particulates; said material being so soft that it cannot support its own weight so that said material can elasticly stretch and take on the shape of the foam at localized segments thereby allowing said foam to conform to the variable irregularities of the face while yet allowing the elastic material to seal along its complete endless path; and means for holding said enclosing means against said person's face to compress at least partially said foam whereby air flowing in and out of said foam during compression and expansion is directed by said elastic material to flow through the other of said first and second portions.
8. A mask in accordance with claim 7 wherein said enclosing means includes a semi-rigid shell, said shell having a frame defining an opening, said filtering means including a pad of filter material fitting in said frame, said filtering means further including a cover holding said pad in said frame.
9. A mask in accordance with claim 7 wherein said enclosing means includes a hump-shaped, pliant layer of filter material, said layer extending to said perimeter.
PCT/US1987/002848 1986-10-31 1987-10-30 Mask WO1988003036A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US92528886 true 1986-10-31 1986-10-31
US925,288 1986-10-31
US9607787 true 1987-09-11 1987-09-11
US096,077 1987-09-11

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1988003036A1 true true WO1988003036A1 (en) 1988-05-05

Family

ID=26791038

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/US1987/002848 WO1988003036A1 (en) 1986-10-31 1987-10-30 Mask

Country Status (1)

Country Link
WO (1) WO1988003036A1 (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5143061A (en) * 1990-08-17 1992-09-01 Kaimer Stephen F Supplemental seal for oxygen mask
WO1992020395A1 (en) * 1991-05-22 1992-11-26 Anne Le Mitouard Facial breathing mask
WO1998032494A1 (en) * 1997-01-29 1998-07-30 Richard Gay Pollution-proof masks for protection against dust, particles, noxious gases, acid rains and bacteria
GB2408459A (en) * 2003-11-25 2005-06-01 Joseph Anthony Griffiths High G breathing mask with enhanced seal
EP1889643A3 (en) * 2006-08-14 2008-05-21 Jing-Jyr Lin Complex respirator
CN103263093A (en) * 2013-06-08 2013-08-28 上海大胜卫生用品制造有限公司 Dust mask for elastically sealing two sides of nose bridge
CN103284357A (en) * 2013-06-08 2013-09-11 上海大胜卫生用品制造有限公司 Dust mask with three valves
WO2015058731A1 (en) * 2013-10-25 2015-04-30 Technická Univerzita V Liberci - Katedra Strojírenské Technologie Oddělení Tváření Kovů A Zpracování Plastů Protective breathing mask with the collective inhalation and exhalation hole

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AT87635B *
GB275940A (en) * 1926-08-14 1927-10-13 Ver Nl Rubberfabrieken Nv Improvements relating to gas masks
CH194585A *
CH209470A *
US2931356A (en) * 1958-08-25 1960-04-05 Puritan Compressed Gas Corp Oxygen mask having detachable face seal cushion
GB1077791A (en) * 1962-10-02 1967-08-02 Secr Defence Improvements in or relating to respirators

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AT87635B *
CH194585A *
CH209470A *
GB275940A (en) * 1926-08-14 1927-10-13 Ver Nl Rubberfabrieken Nv Improvements relating to gas masks
US2931356A (en) * 1958-08-25 1960-04-05 Puritan Compressed Gas Corp Oxygen mask having detachable face seal cushion
GB1077791A (en) * 1962-10-02 1967-08-02 Secr Defence Improvements in or relating to respirators

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5143061A (en) * 1990-08-17 1992-09-01 Kaimer Stephen F Supplemental seal for oxygen mask
WO1992020395A1 (en) * 1991-05-22 1992-11-26 Anne Le Mitouard Facial breathing mask
FR2676650A1 (en) * 1991-05-22 1992-11-27 Lemitouard Anne facial respirator.
US5429683A (en) * 1991-05-22 1995-07-04 Le Mitouard; Anne Face mask for breathing
WO1998032494A1 (en) * 1997-01-29 1998-07-30 Richard Gay Pollution-proof masks for protection against dust, particles, noxious gases, acid rains and bacteria
FR2758728A1 (en) * 1997-01-29 1998-07-31 Richard Marcel Camille Gay Anti-pollution masks against dust, particles, harmful gases, acid rain and bacteria
GB2408459A (en) * 2003-11-25 2005-06-01 Joseph Anthony Griffiths High G breathing mask with enhanced seal
EP1889643A3 (en) * 2006-08-14 2008-05-21 Jing-Jyr Lin Complex respirator
CN103263093A (en) * 2013-06-08 2013-08-28 上海大胜卫生用品制造有限公司 Dust mask for elastically sealing two sides of nose bridge
CN103284357A (en) * 2013-06-08 2013-09-11 上海大胜卫生用品制造有限公司 Dust mask with three valves
WO2015058731A1 (en) * 2013-10-25 2015-04-30 Technická Univerzita V Liberci - Katedra Strojírenské Technologie Oddělení Tváření Kovů A Zpracování Plastů Protective breathing mask with the collective inhalation and exhalation hole

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