WO1987007480A1 - Golf shoes - Google Patents

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Publication number
WO1987007480A1
WO1987007480A1 PCT/US1987/001320 US8701320W WO8707480A1 WO 1987007480 A1 WO1987007480 A1 WO 1987007480A1 US 8701320 W US8701320 W US 8701320W WO 8707480 A1 WO8707480 A1 WO 8707480A1
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WO
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Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
shoe
golfer
shoes
golf
sole
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US1987/001320
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Howard C. Rice
Roy W. Fuerst
Original Assignee
Boots & Boats, Inc.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B23/00Uppers; Boot legs; Stiffeners; Other single parts of footwear
    • A43B23/08Heel stiffeners; Toe stiffeners
    • A43B23/16Heel stiffeners; Toe stiffeners made of impregnated fabrics, plastics or the like
    • A43B23/17Heel stiffeners; Toe stiffeners made of impregnated fabrics, plastics or the like made of plastics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B5/00Footwear for sporting purposes
    • A43B5/001Golf shoes

Abstract

Golf shoes characterized by having differential inward beveling (14) on the edges of their soles to promote a proper golf swing to be improved by the incorporation into each shoe of a rigidly mounted substantially non-deformable heel counter (16). The heel counter (16) can grip the golfer's heel and allows the shoes to more completely proximate the proper golf swing. It is also disclosed that such golf shoes can employ an external heel counter support (17) adhered to the sole and to the upper of the shoe to provide further support in this area. It is also disclosed that the outer portions of the sole of the right shoe for the right-handed golfer (or left for the left-handed golfer) can be cantilevered and/or flaired (20) outward for additional resistance to swaying and/or pivoting in that direction during the golf backswing. In this embodiment, the placement of the spikes or cleats (23, 23a) on the flaired shoe can advantageously be wider than the placement of the spikes or cleats on the unflaired shoe.

Description

GO F SHOES

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Field of the Invention

This invention is in the field of athletic footwear. More specifically it relates to an improvement in golf shoes and their fabrication.

Background and Prior Art

It has long been known by golfers that a proper golf swing is essential to good performance in the game. A proper golf swing involves the coordinated movement or non-movement of all the golfer's various body parts. It includes proper positioning of the head, arms, shoulders, torso, legs and fee<t. A wide range of devices and techniques have been, proposed heretofore to • make the golf swing more automatic and to eliminate the need to focus on certain aspects of the swing.

United States Patent Number 4,149,324 issued on April 17. 1979 to es Lesser and Frank' R. Washburn and commonly assigned with the present invention, discloses the concept that golf shoes can advantageously have specially beveled edges to assist the wearer in making a proper golf swing.. This patent, which' is. incorporated . herein by reference, points out that conventionally, golf shoes are mirror images of one another and that usually golf shoes are little more than comfortable street shoes with spikes to provide an anchor to the turf. These shoes, marketed by the owners of the present invention as the "Washburn" shoe, provided the feature of having differentially beveled edges, that is the edge of the right shoe was different from the left. This beveling helped the golfer achieve the desired lateral movement and improved the golfer's swing. Although these shoes were a major step forward in golf shoe design and did provide substantial advantages to their wearer, as introduced, they presented certain manufacturing and durability problems. In- addition, they did not address all the factors inherent in a golf swing and thus left opportunities for further improvements.

In one particular; the Washburn shoe did no always grip the.wearer's heel. In our studies, we have observed that the golfer's foot would tend to pull out of the shoe. This separation would have the effect of eliminating much of the advantage provided by the shoe's design. In another particular, the soles of these prior shoes at times had problems with cracking and tearing" It is one object of this invention to provide improvements in the Washburn type shoe. it is also an object of this invention to provide golf shoes which promote a proper golf swing and have a commercially-attractive appearance.

STATEMENT OF THE INVENTION

It- has now been found that differentially beveled golf shoes of the Washburn type are improved by rigidly incorporating into their structure a substantially non-deforraable heel counter. Such a counter can grip the golfer's heel and allows the shoes to more completely proximate the proper golf swing. Stated in structural terms, this aspect of the invention provides an improvement in a pair of golf shoes in which the individual shoes have differential inward and downward beveling on the edges of their soles to promote a proper golf swing. In these shoes, the beveling on the shoe corresponding to the handedness of the golfer (that is, right shoe for a right-handed golfer and left shoe for a left-handed golfer) is along substantially the entire inner edge. On the other shoe of the pair the beveling is from about the inner edge at the ball around the toe and along substantially the entire outer edge. In such shoes, the improvement involves coupling to each of the soles in substantially rigid affixment a substantially non deformable heel counter. The combination of the rigid heel counter and the particularly beveled sole is especially advantageous because of the beneficial action of the beveled soles on the golfer's swing and the ability of the heel counter to force the golfer to take advantage of this beneficial action.

In another aspect this invention employs the heel counter improvement in combination with an external heel counter support adhered to the sole and to the upper of the shoe.

In a further aspect this invention provides an improvement in differentially beveled sole. golf shoes wherein outer portions of the sole of the right shoe for the right-handed golfer (or left for the left-handed golfer) are cantilevered and/or flaired outward for additional bracing and resistance to pivoting and swaying in that direction during the backswing. In this embodiment, the placement of the spikes or cleats on the flaired shoe can advantageously be wider than the placement of the spikes or cleats on the unflaired shoe. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Brief Description of the Drawings

In this specification, reference will be made to the accompanying drawings in which Figure 1 is a partially cut away side view of a golf shoe embodying the present invention;

Figure 2 is a rear-facing cross sectional view taken at line 2-2 of the golf shoe of Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a cross-section of a flared outside sole for use in a golf shoe of this invention; and Figure 4 is a bottom view of the soles of a pair of golf shoes embodying preferred aspects of this invention.

Description of Preferred Embodiments

Referring now more particularly to Figures 1 and 2 in the drawings in which like reference numerals refer to like parts in the differing views, it will be seen that Figure 1 provides a side view of a golf shoe 10 of this invention. This shoe includes a conventional appearing upper 11 attached to a molded sole 12. In the embodiment shown, sole 12 has been hollowed out and filled with weight-saving plastic foam insert 13.

Insert 13 can be made, of ethylene vinyl .acetate foam or . the like as desired. Upper 11 is glued or. heat-molded to the sole 12. Shoe 10 is a right shoe for a right-handed golfer, or as defined herein, it is the shoe which corresponds to the "handedness" of the golfer. Thus, as set forth in the teachings of USP 4.149.324. it has an inward and downward bevel 14 along its entire inside edge but not on its outside edge 15. In accord with the present invention, the shoe is equipped with a substantially non-deformable heel counter 16. This is firmly and substantially rigidly affixed to sole 12 so as to form a single coupled unit with sole 12. Again this can be accomplished with glues, hot melt adhesives or the like. Heel counte 16 surrounds the golfer's heel and,' as shown, extends forward from the rear of the shoe about 1 1/2 to 4 inches especially about 2 to 3 inches. Heel counter 16 is fabricated from plastic (e.g. polyurethane) or hard fiber sheet stock so as to be firm and offer support to tήe; golfer. The heel counter comes up high enough to grip the golfer's heel. By the use of the heel counter, the golfer's foot is held into the shoe so that when the golfer pivots he does so in the set manner dictated by the shape of the sole of the shoe.

The direct coupling of the golfer's foot to the sole of the shoe can be further enhanced by the addition of an external heel counter support 17 which is generally made of plastic or hard rubber and adhered or sewn around the outside rear of the shoe immediately above and in attachment to the edge of the molded sole. Another device that will assist in retaining the golfer's foot in the shoe during'the swing is a padded collar around the top of the shoe, or as shown as 18 in Figures 1 and 2. around the Achilles tendon area of the shoe. Other features of the s.hoe construction shown in these Figures include an insole 19 which can serve as cushioning or merely to present a comfortable flat surface for the foot to rest upon. In various embodiments of this invention, this insole can be made thick or thin or tapered in thickness. This insole can be used to achieve a variation in heel height from negative to positive or visa versa by means of suitable tapering. In another aspect, the present invention provides an improved profile for the outside edge of the right shoe sole for right-handed golfers or left shoe for left-handed golfers. In this improved profile. instead of being substantially vertical, the outer edge of the sole from about the toe to about the heel is flaired outwards to enhance the support and to make that edge of the shoe more resistant to lateral movement. The extent of this flairing is from about 3/16 of an inch up to about 1/2 of an inch with the actual dimension selected being graded according to shoe size. Larger shoes in the size range can employ larger flairings while smaller shoes employ smaller flairings. In Figure 3. a cross section of a sole made at essentially the same place as the cross section in

Figure 2, this flairing. is depicted as item 20. with insert 13 in sole 12 and bevel 14 being as described above. In Figure 3. item 21- is a shadow view of an indention or relief molded into, or' cut into the- flairing. This indention is one of one or more in the flairing . They are present to promote flexibility and proper bending of the shoe during, walking while • permitting the desired bracing action of the flaired sole to be achieved. In Figure 4 flairing 20 is shown to extend substantially along the outside edge of the right shoe for a right-handed golfer. This flairing can take any shape which* is aesthetically pleasing. Advantageously, this flairing is not present on the inside of the other shoe, even though this shoe's inside edge is not inwardly beveled. Figure 4 also shows that the right shoe contains 4 indentions or reliefs 21. 21A. 21B and 21C in flair 20. These indentions extent inward at their base to about the width of the flair. They may. if desired, by accompanied by or flex grooves 27, 27A, 27B and 27C which cross the bottom of the sole and further promote bending and associated comfort during walking. The other shoe of the pair has the same flex grooves, shown as 27' 27A' 27B' and 27C, respectively 5. but does not have the one or more indentions in the side of its sole because it does not have the flaired outer edge of the right shoe.

The golf shoe depicted in Figures 1 and 2 is not shown as having spikes or cleats. These have been 0 omitted to simplify the drawings. In fact, the shoes of this invention would have spikes or cleats of the metal or hard rubber/plastic variety. These can be placed at conventional locations about the ball and heel areas. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the 5 placement of the spikes is different on the right and left shoes with- the. spikes- on the shoe corresponding to the golfer's handedness being placed in a wider pattern and the spikes on the other shoe being in a narrower pattern. .This is shown in Figure 4 where a pair of 0 soles for a right-handed golfer are depicted. The right shoe 10 has its sole 12 flaired on its outer edge at 21 in the region set forth with the dotted line. Its. inside edge is beveled at 14. The left shoe, 10A has its sole 12'- beveled around its toe and along its 5 outside surface.at 14' and carries on its bottom 10 spikes 22' through 26a' . Sole 12 of shoe.10 carries 10 . spikes or cleats 22. through 26a. Spikes 23 and 23a are- spaced about 1/4 inch (that is from about 1/8 to about 3/8 inch) further apart than corresponding spikes 23' 0 and 23a' on the left shoe. Likewise, spikes 24 and 24a are spaced about 1/4 inch (that is from about 1/8 to about 3/8 inch) further apart than spikes 24' and 24a' This wider placement on the right shoe allows it to plant more firmly and to achieve the desired correct swing. As will be appreciated, for a left-handed golfer, this pattern would be reversed.

While the invention has been described with reference to a preferred embodiment, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the invention can be adapted and modified without departing from its spirit and that its scope is defined by the following claims.

Claims

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:
1. In a pair of golf shoes in which the individual shoes have differential inward and downward beveling on the edges of their soles to promote a proper golf swing, the beveling on the shoe corresponding to the handedness of the golfer being along substantially the entire inner edge and on the other shoe of the pair being from about the inner edge at the ball around the toe and along substantially the entire outer edge, the improvement comprising coupling to each of said soles in substantially rigid affixment a substantially non-deformable heel counter.
2. The golf shoes of claim 1 wherein the heel counter includes an external heel counter support adhered to the sole and to the upper of the shoe.
3. The qcylf. shoes of claim 1 wherein said heel counter is adapted to grip the golfer's heel.
4. The golf shoes of claim 1 wherein the sole of the shoe corresponding to the handedness of the golfer is flaired outward along its outside edge from the heel to the toe so as to increase its resistance to - lateral movement or sway.
5. The golf shoes of claim 4 wherein the spikes on the forefoot area of the sole of the shoe corresponding to the handedness of the golfer are spaced wider apart than the corresponding spikes on the othe shoe of the pair with the outer spikes being placed in closer proximity to the flaired sole edge thus providing additional resistance to lateral motion during the golf backswing and the spikes adjacent to the inward and downward bevel being placed more distant from the edge to promote lateral motion in that direction.
6. In a pair of golf shoes in which the individual shoes have differential inward and downward beveling on the edges of their soles to. promote a proper golf swing, the beveling on the shoe corresponding to the handedness of the golfer being along substantially the entire inner edge and on the other shoe of the pair being from about the inner edge at the ball around the toe and along substantially the entire outer edge, the improvement comprising employing a sole on the shoe corresponding to the handedness of the -golfer which is flaired outward along its outside edge from the heel to the toe so as to increase its lateral support and its resistance to sway during the golf backswing.
7. The golf shoes' of claim' 6 wherein the spikes on the forefoot area of the sole of the shoe corresponding to the handedness of' the golfer are spaced wider apart than the corresponding spikes. on the other shoe of the pair.
PCT/US1987/001320 1986-06-12 1987-06-05 Golf shoes WO1987007480A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US87366286 true 1986-06-12 1986-06-12
US873,662 1986-06-12

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WO1987007480A1 true true WO1987007480A1 (en) 1987-12-17

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4866861A (en) * 1988-07-21 1989-09-19 Macgregor Golf Corporation Supports for golf shoes to restrain rollout during a golf backswing and to resist excessive weight transfer during a golf downswing
US5212894A (en) * 1990-02-07 1993-05-25 Michael Paparo Golf shoe insoles for improving the golf swing
FR2775563A1 (en) * 1998-03-06 1999-09-10 Jacques Thual Golf shoe facilitating transfer from one foot to other during swing
US6584706B1 (en) 1990-01-10 2003-07-01 Anatomic Research, Inc. Shoe sole structures
US6609312B1 (en) * 1990-01-24 2003-08-26 Anatomic Research Inc. Shoe sole structures using a theoretically ideal stability plane
US6629376B1 (en) * 1988-09-02 2003-10-07 Anatomic Research, Inc. Shoe sole with a concavely rounded sole portion
US6810606B1 (en) * 1988-07-15 2004-11-02 Anatomic Research, Inc. Shoe sole structures incorporating a contoured side
WO2009155904A2 (en) 2008-06-25 2009-12-30 Johannes Schwarz Pair of golf shoes
US8873914B2 (en) 2004-11-22 2014-10-28 Frampton E. Ellis Footwear sole sections including bladders with internal flexibility sipes therebetween and an attachment between sipe surfaces
US8869435B2 (en) 2011-08-02 2014-10-28 Nike, Inc. Golf shoe with natural motion structures
US9568946B2 (en) 2007-11-21 2017-02-14 Frampton E. Ellis Microchip with faraday cages and internal flexibility sipes

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1870751A (en) * 1931-01-07 1932-08-09 Spalding & Bros Ag Golf shoe
US2078626A (en) * 1934-12-03 1937-04-27 Perry S Bauer Shoe heel
US3732634A (en) * 1971-09-09 1973-05-15 Kayser Roth Corp Shoe construction
US4118034A (en) * 1976-12-23 1978-10-03 Brien John P O Golfer's stance block
US4149324A (en) * 1978-01-25 1979-04-17 Les Lesser Golf shoes
US4161829A (en) * 1978-06-12 1979-07-24 Alain Wayser Shoes intended for playing golf
US4288929A (en) * 1980-01-15 1981-09-15 New Balance Athletic Shoe, Inc. Motion control device for athletic shoe
US4459765A (en) * 1981-09-29 1984-07-17 Power-Soler, Inc. Heel-counter stabilizer
US4524531A (en) * 1982-12-02 1985-06-25 Vanderipe Donald R Golf shoes
US4580359A (en) * 1983-10-24 1986-04-08 Pro-Shu Company Golf shoes

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1870751A (en) * 1931-01-07 1932-08-09 Spalding & Bros Ag Golf shoe
US2078626A (en) * 1934-12-03 1937-04-27 Perry S Bauer Shoe heel
US3732634A (en) * 1971-09-09 1973-05-15 Kayser Roth Corp Shoe construction
US4118034A (en) * 1976-12-23 1978-10-03 Brien John P O Golfer's stance block
US4149324A (en) * 1978-01-25 1979-04-17 Les Lesser Golf shoes
US4161829A (en) * 1978-06-12 1979-07-24 Alain Wayser Shoes intended for playing golf
US4288929A (en) * 1980-01-15 1981-09-15 New Balance Athletic Shoe, Inc. Motion control device for athletic shoe
US4288929B1 (en) * 1980-01-15 1986-02-18
US4459765A (en) * 1981-09-29 1984-07-17 Power-Soler, Inc. Heel-counter stabilizer
US4524531A (en) * 1982-12-02 1985-06-25 Vanderipe Donald R Golf shoes
US4580359A (en) * 1983-10-24 1986-04-08 Pro-Shu Company Golf shoes

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6810606B1 (en) * 1988-07-15 2004-11-02 Anatomic Research, Inc. Shoe sole structures incorporating a contoured side
US4866861A (en) * 1988-07-21 1989-09-19 Macgregor Golf Corporation Supports for golf shoes to restrain rollout during a golf backswing and to resist excessive weight transfer during a golf downswing
US6629376B1 (en) * 1988-09-02 2003-10-07 Anatomic Research, Inc. Shoe sole with a concavely rounded sole portion
US7234249B2 (en) 1990-01-10 2007-06-26 Anatomic Reseach, Inc. Shoe sole structures
US6584706B1 (en) 1990-01-10 2003-07-01 Anatomic Research, Inc. Shoe sole structures
US6609312B1 (en) * 1990-01-24 2003-08-26 Anatomic Research Inc. Shoe sole structures using a theoretically ideal stability plane
US5212894A (en) * 1990-02-07 1993-05-25 Michael Paparo Golf shoe insoles for improving the golf swing
FR2775563A1 (en) * 1998-03-06 1999-09-10 Jacques Thual Golf shoe facilitating transfer from one foot to other during swing
US9107475B2 (en) 2004-11-22 2015-08-18 Frampton E. Ellis Microprocessor control of bladders in footwear soles with internal flexibility sipes
US9642411B2 (en) 2004-11-22 2017-05-09 Frampton E. Ellis Surgically implantable device enclosed in two bladders configured to slide relative to each other and including a faraday cage
US9339074B2 (en) 2004-11-22 2016-05-17 Frampton E. Ellis Microprocessor control of bladders in footwear soles with internal flexibility sipes
US9681696B2 (en) 2004-11-22 2017-06-20 Frampton E. Ellis Helmet and/or a helmet liner including an electronic control system controlling the flow resistance of a magnetorheological liquid in compartments
US9271538B2 (en) 2004-11-22 2016-03-01 Frampton E. Ellis Microprocessor control of magnetorheological liquid in footwear with bladders and internal flexibility sipes
US8925117B2 (en) 2004-11-22 2015-01-06 Frampton E. Ellis Clothing and apparel with internal flexibility sipes and at least one attachment between surfaces defining a sipe
US8959804B2 (en) 2004-11-22 2015-02-24 Frampton E. Ellis Footwear sole sections including bladders with internal flexibility sipes therebetween and an attachment between sipe surfaces
US8873914B2 (en) 2004-11-22 2014-10-28 Frampton E. Ellis Footwear sole sections including bladders with internal flexibility sipes therebetween and an attachment between sipe surfaces
US10021938B2 (en) 2004-11-22 2018-07-17 Frampton E. Ellis Furniture with internal flexibility sipes, including chairs and beds
US9568946B2 (en) 2007-11-21 2017-02-14 Frampton E. Ellis Microchip with faraday cages and internal flexibility sipes
US8607479B2 (en) 2008-06-25 2013-12-17 Johannes Schwarz Pair of golf shoes
DE102008029832B3 (en) * 2008-06-25 2010-02-11 Johannes Schwarz Golf shoe pair
WO2009155904A2 (en) 2008-06-25 2009-12-30 Johannes Schwarz Pair of golf shoes
US9414638B2 (en) 2011-08-02 2016-08-16 Nike, Inc. Golf shoe with natural motion structures
US8869435B2 (en) 2011-08-02 2014-10-28 Nike, Inc. Golf shoe with natural motion structures

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