WO1987001549A1 - A device for heating with energy saving in cars and boats - Google Patents

A device for heating with energy saving in cars and boats Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO1987001549A1
WO1987001549A1 PCT/NO1986/000061 NO8600061W WO8701549A1 WO 1987001549 A1 WO1987001549 A1 WO 1987001549A1 NO 8600061 W NO8600061 W NO 8600061W WO 8701549 A1 WO8701549 A1 WO 8701549A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
device
heating
defined
element
electrodes
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/NO1986/000061
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Odd Stephan Irgens
Geir SA^ETEVIK
Original Assignee
Odd Stephan Irgens
Saetevik Geir
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B3/00Ohmic-resistance heating
    • H05B3/20Heating elements having extended surface area substantially in a two-dimensional plane, e.g. plate-heater
    • H05B3/34Heating elements having extended surface area substantially in a two-dimensional plane, e.g. plate-heater flexible, e.g. heating nets or webs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C7/00Parts, details, or accessories of chairs or stools
    • A47C7/62Accessories for chairs
    • A47C7/72Adaptations for incorporating lamps, radio sets, bars, telephones, ventilation, heating or cooling arrangements or the like
    • A47C7/74Adaptations for incorporating lamps, radio sets, bars, telephones, ventilation, heating or cooling arrangements or the like for ventilation, heating or cooling
    • A47C7/748Adaptations for incorporating lamps, radio sets, bars, telephones, ventilation, heating or cooling arrangements or the like for ventilation, heating or cooling for heating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60NSEATS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES; VEHICLE PASSENGER ACCOMMODATION NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60N2/00Seats specially adapted for vehicles
    • B60N2/56Heating or ventilating devices
    • B60N2/5678Heating or ventilating devices characterised by electrical systems
    • B60N2/5685Resistance
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B3/00Ohmic-resistance heating
    • H05B3/02Details
    • H05B3/06Heater elements structurally combined with coupling elements or holders
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B2203/00Aspects relating to Ohmic resistive heating covered by group H05B3/00
    • H05B2203/002Heaters using a particular layout for the resistive material or resistive elements
    • H05B2203/005Heaters using a particular layout for the resistive material or resistive elements using multiple resistive elements or resistive zones isolated from each other
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B2203/00Aspects relating to Ohmic resistive heating covered by group H05B3/00
    • H05B2203/011Heaters using laterally extending conductive material as connecting means
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B2203/00Aspects relating to Ohmic resistive heating covered by group H05B3/00
    • H05B2203/026Heaters specially adapted for floor heating
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B2203/00Aspects relating to Ohmic resistive heating covered by group H05B3/00
    • H05B2203/029Heaters specially adapted for seat warmers

Abstract

A device for heating with energy saving in a car or boat comprises a current conductive plastic element (1) and embedded braided electrodes (2) with an electric connection (5). The device in the shape of a battery heater (3) is insulated on the surface. When connected with a battery (7) said element (1) will maintain a constant temperature in said battery (7) which will, thus, maintain its capacity when the surrounding temperature decreases. When the state of said battery is good the floor and seat heating elements (1) may be connected at connections (5) and (6). The self-adjusting effect of the material (1) causing power consumption to decrease with increasing temperature, and combined with a homogenous surface temperature makes this solution specially energy saving.

Description

A device for heating with energy saving in cars and boats

The present invention relates to a device for heating with energy saving in cars and boats, comprising an electrically conductive plastic element, electrodes, and an electric connect ion. The invention was developed to reduce problems with cold environments in cars and boats, e.g. starting problems and difficulties with keeping ones feet and buttocks warm.Electric batteries have low capacity at low temperatures, and this may sometimes. cause starting problems. A car/boat battery only shows full capacity at temperatures above 25 C. In cooler weather its capacity is drastically reduced.

In order to remedy this, experiments were made with new kinds of batteries and more capacity, and it was found by experiments that thicker cell plates of the battery improve its capacity. The disadvantage is that the weight and the physical size of the battery increase as well. A heated driver's seat in the car compartment is generally used. This is based on a heater cable arranged in a loop in the back rest and in the seat. Said heat¬ er cable consists of a thin electricas wire, a connection and a thermostat.

With the heated seat of the kind known to day there is a big risk of breaking the heat conductor and the connection, and there have been cases where heat conductors provided with a thermostat failed and resulted in a fire in the seat. Further¬ more, when a heating cable is used, it is necessary to use a high temperature on the cable in order to achieve a uniform temperature in the seat. Power consumption will be equally high

According to the invention a device is proposed, as stated above, which device is characterized in that a heating plate that is resistant to rupture and fire and shows an energy saving and self-adjusting effect keeps the battery heated and, thus, the battery capacity on an acceptable level when it is cold, and that said element may also be stitched into the seat upholstery and rug to act as a compartment/cabin/person heater. Said device is intended to be firmly mounted in a car or a boat, and current, is, thus, taken from the battery to a plastic plate element. Said plate element comprises three electrodes - that are resistant to rupture and are embedded in a current conductive plastic plate. When electric current is connected the entire plate surface gets uniformly warm. Said electrodes that are current-carrying are brided metal conductors which results in a much stronger electric connection than for any other heating element. At the same time the fabric is suffic- iently slack to move with the expansion coefficient of the plastic. Utilization of such a heating element in combination with a car/boat battery will increase the battery capacity considerably in kold weather and, thus, the period of time when there is electric power at one's disposal.

All cars and most boats are equipped with a battery with some space at the place where the battery is arranged. According to the invention said heating element is designed to be secured about the battery like a belt and it is provided with extended electrodes running to the respecitve battery poles. Advantage¬ ously said element may be joined by other materials, and it may e.g. be stitched, nailed, screwed or riveted to textile, a rug, plastic, or the like. Said element may, e.g. be design¬ ed for being stitched into the seat upholstery, a heated chair etc. Advantageously said element prevents static electricity by the aid of its conductivity. Preferably, the consistency of said device is arranged in such a manner that the resistance of said element increases linearly with increasing temperature, which will result in low power consumption at high environmental temperatures and will make a thermostat redundant. This means taht said element is self adjusting and energy saving in use as a heating element in a car/boat. Advantageously, said ele¬ ment removes condensation in boats and prevents moisture in a car floor.

The device accordin'g to the invention may advantageously com¬ prise a total heating solution for a car/boat with battery/ heating elements prolonging the period of available power in combination with self-adjusting heat in the back rest, seat, and floor.

The invention is now to be disclosed in more detail with refer- ence to the drawing wherein

Figure 1 is a sectional view of an element according to the invention,

Figure 2 shows the plate shaped element according to Figure 1 as seen in section from above,

Figure 3 is an isometric view of a tabbery provided with heat¬ ing elements,

Figure 4 is an isometric view of the heating seat.

The device shown in Figures 1 - 4 comprises a conductive plastic element (1) and three electrodes (2). Said plastic plate can be shaped as desired, inter alia as a chair seat and back rest, see Figure 4. Electrodes (2) are special resilient brided metal conductors resistant against mechanical stress, e.g. bending, stretching and pressure. In consequence they may be embedded in a plastic body. When power is connected with said electrodes (2) current is conducted through the plastic (1) from a positive to a negative electrode (2). When said plastic plate (1) is cold there is low resistance in the ma- terial and said plate (1) will be rapidly heated. With in¬ creasing temperature the resistance in the material will in¬ crease and, finally, there will hardly be any current passing through, but the temperature will be maintained at a constant level.

In Figure 3 the entire heating element for the battery is enveloped in a non-conductive and acid-proof plastic material (3). A gas tight chord anchorage in the shape of a clamping and locking member (4) for the insulated electric line (5) is embedded in said heating element (1). Said line (5) may be provided with a contact (6) that is inserted into the opening for the cigaret lighter. A total solution is also feasible, where all elements (1) may be connected with a console compris- ing OFF-ON-switches, timer, and state control.

In Figure 4 the heating seat is provided with slot shaped open¬ ings (8) in the seat member and back rest member to provide for good ventilation. Holes (9) improve the flexibility.

Claims

CLAIMS:
1. A device for heating in an energy saving manner, e.g. in a car or a boat, comprising a current conductive platic heat¬ ing element provided with embedded electrodes for electric connection, c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n that said heat¬ ing element is provided with brided, resilient and metallic electrodes intended for being embedded and for severe mechanical stress, as well as extremely good electric contact surfaces between the fibres in the brided cable and plastic. 0
2. A device as defined in claim 1, c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n that said plastic heating element may be stitched directly onto a seat upholstery or a rug in all parts of said element, inclusively through said
'5 electrodes.
3. A device as defined in claim 2, c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n that recessed holes in the heating seat improve the flexibility, and that a special series of holes in the seat and back rest member causes optimal ventilation for the passenger sitting in said heating seat.
4. A device as defined in claim 3, c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n that electrodes embedded in plastic are completely separated, so that self-ignition cannot occur.
5. A device as defined in one of the preceding claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n that said device is energy saving due to the fact that the power consumption will decrease linearly with increasing temperature and uniform heat is develop ed across the entire surface.
6. A device as defined in one of the prceding claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n that a system of elements is designed to form a total heating solution, wherein increased battery capacity delivers more heating effect to the compartment cabin.
7. A device as defined in one of the preceding claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n that said elements prevent static electricity.
8. A device as defined in one of the preceding claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n that said heating element may be shaped as desired.
9. A device as defined in one of the preceding claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n that heating by the aid of said plastic heating element causes improved charging susceptibility and, thus, correspondingly reduced fuel consumption.
10. A device as defined in one of the preceding claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n that three electrodes are used for achieving very rapid and uniform heating all over the element surface, and that three electrodes in stead of four considerably simplify the electric connection, and that an electric change-over switch can disconnect the center electrode in order to reduce to 1/4 effect.
11. A device as defined in one of the preceding claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n that the connector between said embedded electrodes and the electric supply cable con¬ sists of a gas-tight clamp member placed in said element.
PCT/NO1986/000061 1985-08-26 1986-08-26 A device for heating with energy saving in cars and boats WO1987001549A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
NO853341A NO853341A (en) 1985-08-26 1985-08-26 Device for energy-saving heating in car and boat.
NO853341 1985-08-26

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1987001549A1 true true WO1987001549A1 (en) 1987-03-12

Family

ID=19888442

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/NO1986/000061 WO1987001549A1 (en) 1985-08-26 1986-08-26 A device for heating with energy saving in cars and boats

Country Status (2)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0235242A1 (en)
WO (1) WO1987001549A1 (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1994003027A1 (en) * 1992-07-22 1994-02-03 Central Research Laboratories Limited Electrical connection to thick film tracks
DE4321474A1 (en) * 1993-06-28 1995-01-05 Ruthenberg Gmbh Waermetechnik panel heating
US5643480A (en) * 1992-05-19 1997-07-01 Nordica S.P.A. Field of the invention
EP1132028A1 (en) * 1999-09-22 2001-09-12 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Planar heating element
WO2002054060A2 (en) * 2001-01-05 2002-07-11 Testo Gmbh & Co. Device for analyzing gas
WO2006131785A2 (en) * 2004-03-22 2006-12-14 W.E.T. Automotive Systems Ag Heater for an automotive vehicle and method of forming same
EP1989965A1 (en) * 2006-02-27 2008-11-12 Taduko Ono Battery charging chair heating method and battery charging chair heating device and charging battery type heating chair
CN102378417A (en) * 2010-08-18 2012-03-14 上海越科复合材料有限公司 Carbon fiber heating device for fan blade mold
CN103231670A (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-08-07 上海交通大学 Self-powered integrated circuit (IC) card reading seat

Citations (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE118666C (en) *
CH280399A *
CH445668A *
US3527925A (en) * 1967-10-14 1970-09-08 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Heater for use with storage battery
DE2006165A1 (en) * 1969-02-11 1971-05-06 Renfrew Electronics Ltd
US3593002A (en) * 1969-06-19 1971-07-13 Springfield Wire Sealed tubular electrical resistance heater with ground connection
US3594547A (en) * 1967-12-23 1971-07-20 Space Age Products Sales Ltd Electrical heaters
US3621192A (en) * 1968-11-11 1971-11-16 Schwarzkopf Dev Co Electrically heated chair
FR2287143A1 (en) * 1974-10-01 1976-04-30 Tocksfors Verkstads Ab Resistance heating mat - for heated car seat operated from car battery
SE405873B *
US4242573A (en) * 1979-01-24 1980-12-30 Raychem Corporation Water immersible heater
US4277673A (en) * 1979-03-26 1981-07-07 E-B Industries, Inc. Electrically conductive self-regulating article
SE434204B *
DE3340882C1 (en) * 1983-11-11 1985-06-27 Messerschmitt Boelkow Blohm Device for temperature monitoring and reconditioning of batteries consisting of electrochemical individual cells

Patent Citations (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE118666C (en) *
CH280399A *
CH445668A *
SE434204B *
SE405873B *
US3527925A (en) * 1967-10-14 1970-09-08 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Heater for use with storage battery
US3594547A (en) * 1967-12-23 1971-07-20 Space Age Products Sales Ltd Electrical heaters
US3621192A (en) * 1968-11-11 1971-11-16 Schwarzkopf Dev Co Electrically heated chair
DE2006165A1 (en) * 1969-02-11 1971-05-06 Renfrew Electronics Ltd
US3593002A (en) * 1969-06-19 1971-07-13 Springfield Wire Sealed tubular electrical resistance heater with ground connection
FR2287143A1 (en) * 1974-10-01 1976-04-30 Tocksfors Verkstads Ab Resistance heating mat - for heated car seat operated from car battery
US4242573A (en) * 1979-01-24 1980-12-30 Raychem Corporation Water immersible heater
US4277673A (en) * 1979-03-26 1981-07-07 E-B Industries, Inc. Electrically conductive self-regulating article
DE3340882C1 (en) * 1983-11-11 1985-06-27 Messerschmitt Boelkow Blohm Device for temperature monitoring and reconditioning of batteries consisting of electrochemical individual cells

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5643480A (en) * 1992-05-19 1997-07-01 Nordica S.P.A. Field of the invention
WO1994003027A1 (en) * 1992-07-22 1994-02-03 Central Research Laboratories Limited Electrical connection to thick film tracks
US5560098A (en) * 1992-07-22 1996-10-01 Central Research Laboratories Limited Method of making an electrical connection to thick film tracks
DE4321474A1 (en) * 1993-06-28 1995-01-05 Ruthenberg Gmbh Waermetechnik panel heating
EP1132028A1 (en) * 1999-09-22 2001-09-12 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Planar heating element
EP1647212A3 (en) * 1999-09-22 2006-08-16 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Surface heating device
EP1652454A3 (en) * 1999-09-22 2006-07-12 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Surface heating device
EP1652454A2 (en) * 1999-09-22 2006-05-03 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Surface heating device
EP1132028A4 (en) * 1999-09-22 2005-07-27 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Planar heating element
EP1647212A2 (en) * 1999-09-22 2006-04-19 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Surface heating device
WO2002054060A3 (en) * 2001-01-05 2002-12-19 Testo Gmbh & Co Device for analyzing gas
DE10100242A1 (en) * 2001-01-05 2002-07-18 Testo Gmbh & Co Kg Device for gas analysis
WO2002054060A2 (en) * 2001-01-05 2002-07-11 Testo Gmbh & Co. Device for analyzing gas
WO2006131785A2 (en) * 2004-03-22 2006-12-14 W.E.T. Automotive Systems Ag Heater for an automotive vehicle and method of forming same
WO2006131785A3 (en) * 2004-03-22 2007-05-31 Shaun C Howick Heater for an automotive vehicle and method of forming same
EP1989965A1 (en) * 2006-02-27 2008-11-12 Taduko Ono Battery charging chair heating method and battery charging chair heating device and charging battery type heating chair
EP1989965A4 (en) * 2006-02-27 2012-08-08 Taduko Ono Battery charging chair heating method and battery charging chair heating device and charging battery type heating chair
CN102378417A (en) * 2010-08-18 2012-03-14 上海越科复合材料有限公司 Carbon fiber heating device for fan blade mold
CN103231670A (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-08-07 上海交通大学 Self-powered integrated circuit (IC) card reading seat

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP0235242A1 (en) 1987-09-09 application

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