WO1986000509A1 - Vanity mirror - Google Patents

Vanity mirror

Info

Publication number
WO1986000509A1
WO1986000509A1 PCT/US1985/001145 US8501145W WO8600509A1 WO 1986000509 A1 WO1986000509 A1 WO 1986000509A1 US 8501145 W US8501145 W US 8501145W WO 8600509 A1 WO8600509 A1 WO 8600509A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
seat
assembly
mirror
head
restraint
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US1985/001145
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Mark Lobanoff
Original Assignee
Mark Lobanoff
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60NSEATS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES; VEHICLE PASSENGER ACCOMMODATION NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60N2/00Seats specially adapted for vehicles
    • B60N2/80Head-rests
    • B60N2/879Head-rests with additional features not related to head-rest positioning, e.g. heating or cooling devices or loudspeakers

Abstract

The vehicle seat assembly comprising a vehicle seat (11), a mirror (13) disposed on the rear side of the seat, a cover (16) for the mirror and a means for mounting the cover to the assembly. A second embodiment is disclosed wherein a light (14) is disposed on the rear side of the seat. Preferably, the light is covered when the cover is in a closed position. A third embodiment is disclosed wherein the mirror is movable.

Description

CROSS REFERENCE TT) PF ATpD APPLICATION

This is a continuation-in-rart of application for U.S. patent Serial No. 627,280, filed July 2, 1984, expressly incorporated herein by reference.

BACTGRQTJND AND BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Automotive vehicle suπvisors having lighted vanity mirrors for forward seat passengers are known in the art. Such mirrors are normally located on the side of the visor facing the passenger when in lowered position and may be adjusted to the desired reflecting angle through adjustment of the visor, the angle of the mirror relative to the visor being fixed.

In general no similar vanity mirror has been available for the convenience of rear seat passengers; also, in general the only light available for rear seat passengers for reading or the like while the vehicle is underway has been located in the header of the roof, or in some cases in side pillars of the vehicle. Such lights, if shining while the vehicle is underway, can be distracting to the driver and can possibly impair his clear vision of outside traffic conditions, particularly at night.

Accordingly, it is the primary object of the present invention to provide a vanity mirror and map or reading light arrangement which overcomes the aforementioned disadvantages of prior arrangements. The invention resides in the provision of a mirror and light assembly which is mounted on the rear side of one or both of the front vehicle seats, and preferably on the head restraint portion thereof.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a multi-position vanity mirror and map or reading light arrangement for back seat passengers, as well as one which may be covered if desired.

Another object of the present invention resides in the provision of a neat, attractive head restraint for front seats which incorporates a vanity mirror and map or reading light arrangement for back seat passengers.

Front seat head restraints, whether integrated or separate from the seat, have now become safety mandated standard equipment in order to protect passengers against neck injuries resulting from sudden vehicle acceleration caused by rear end collisions. Such head restraints are normally in close alignment with the forward vision of rear seat passengers. This has been discovered to provide an excellent location for a vanity mirror for use by a rear seat passenger, except that most head restraints, unlike sunvisors, have a relatively fixed position so as not to easily acαxπ odate adjustment of mirror angle. However, conventional head restraints do have a substantial depth, relatively greater than the thickness of a sunvisor, and this has been found to be sufficient to accxmnodate a pivotal mounting for the mirror within the headrest.

Side lights on the mirror combined with a suitable pivoting action have also been found to provide a convenient supplemental reading or map light for the rear passengers which, in fact, may take the place of and obviate the necessity for a conventional overhead header or pillar light, with its attendant disadvantages.

Additional objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from a reading of the detailed description of the preferred embodiments, which make reference to the following set of drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE OtfWTm

Figure 1 is a perspective view of the rear side of a head restraint on the top of a vehicle front seat incorporating an embodiment of the vanity mirror assembly of the present invention;

Figure 2 is a view, partly in transverse section, taken generally along line 2-2 in Figure 1, but with the head restraint in a raised position with respect to the seat;

Figure 3 is a partial sectional view taken generally along line 3-3 in Figure 2;

Figure 4 is a transverse cross-sectional view of a second embodiment of the present invention;

Figures 5 and 6 are perspective views of third and fourth embodiments of the present invention, respectively;

Figure 7 is an enlarged fragmentary cross-sectional view similar to Figure 4, but illustrating a fifth embodiment of the invention;

Figure 8 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view similar to Figure 7, but illustrating the details of construction of a light assembly of the present invention; and

Figures 9-12 are perspective views of four additional embodiments of the present invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EWBCOIWENTS

With reference to Figure 1, there is illustrated a head restraint 10 mounted on the top of a vehicle front seat 11 and incorporating a lighted vanity mirror assembly 12 comprising an open plastic receptacle 22 in which is disposed a mirror housing 20 supporting a mirror 13, side lights 14, a light switch 15 and a cover 16 having a fabric hinge 17 and hook-and-loop strips 18. Mating hook-an-loop elements 19 disposed on receptacle 22 retain cover 16 in its closed position. As best shown in Figure 3, housing 20 is provided with pivotal extensions 21 at each end pivotally disposed in suitable sockets in the ends of receptacle 22, which is embedded within the head restraint. Suitable wiring 23 extends along the headrest mounting arm 24 for lights 14 operated by switch 15, which may be of either the manually actuated slide type, or of the pushbutton type responsive to cover opening and closing control.

It will be.understood that tilting of the mirror about a horizontal axis to any desired mirror reflecting, or map reading, angle as illustrated at 25 in Figure 2, may be accommodated by the pivotal mounting at 21.

Referring to Figure 4, there is illustrated in transverse cross-section a. head restraint 30 comprising a foam core 32, a reinforcing element 34 embedded therein, an outer skin 36 and a mirror assembly 40. The core, reinforcing element and skin are conventional. Reinforcement element 34 is manufactured from sheet metal and possesses the properties and characteristics required by the automotive industry for sustaining shocks of acceleration and deceleration. It is of an overall tubular configuration, as shown in Figure 4, comprising a flange 36, a bottom wall portion 38, rear wall portions 40 and 42, a top wall portion 44 substantially parallel to bottom wall portion 38 and a front wall portion 46. Reinforcement element 34 has a plurality of apertures 48 therethrough so that it will be permeated with foam and will be of minimum weight for its desired strength.

Head restraint 30 is mounted to the vehicle seat by a centrally located single mounting arm 50 extending through an aperture 52 in bottom wall portion 38. Mounting arm 50 has an angled upper portion 54 affixed to a mounting tab 56 lanced out of wall portion 40. Arm 52, which may be rectangular in cross-section, has one or more grooves 58 in which are disposed power leads 60.

Mirror assembly 40 comprises a mounting plate 62 having a shape complimentary to reinforcement element 34 and is affixed thereto by rivets or the like 64. Plate 62 supports, as by threaded fasteners 66, a rectangular open plastic receptacle 68 in which is pivotally disposed a mirror housing 70 (shown in phantom) , which is identical to mirror housing 20 in the first embodiment. Receptacle 68 has a peripheral flange 72 which is generally flush with the surface of the head restraint and frames mirror housing 70. Mirror assembly 40 also includes a cover 72 having an overall rectangular shape in plan and comprising a stiff elongated planar member 74 covered by a foam cushion

76 and an outer covering 78. Covering 78 includes an integral hinge portion 80 by which the cover is secured to head restraint 30, as by means of prongs 81 projecting inwardly from the inside face of the lower portion of flange 72. A pad 82 is positioned on cover 72 for contacting plunger 84 of a suitable light switch 86 affixed to the bottom of receptacle 68 and flange 72. Pad 82 may be a hard plastic circular disk and is positioned so that it actuates plunger 84 when the cover is pivoted upwardly to its closed position.

In order to secure cover 72 in its closed position one or more magnets 88 are affixed to the inside face of the top portion of flange 72, and a metallic strip 90 is positioned in cover 72 underneath covering.78. If desired, magnets 88 may be mounted by snapping them into a suitably shaped groove located as shown in Figure 4. Magnets 88 magnetically attract metallic strip 90 to secure cover 72 in a closed position when it has been manually pivoted to that position.

The embodiment of Figure 5 is similar to that of Figure 4, except that cover 72 is pivoted at its top edge rather than at its lower edge and the head restraint 92 is of a slightly different overall configuration.

The embodiment of Figure 6 is similar to that of Figure 5, except that the cover is divided into two portions 94 and 96 each secured to head restraint 98 by a vertically extending integral hinge 100 disposed on the lateral sides thereof. In this particular embodiment, cover portions 94 and 96 can optionally each be provided with a mirror 102 on its interior surface. The increased number of mirrors increases the visible surface of the viewer. If desired, illumination means 104 may also be positioned on each cover portion 94 and 96. The embodiment of Figure 6 also incorporates a dual mounting arm configuration having two cylindrical hollow tubular arms 106. In this configuration, power leads

60 may be positioned in the interior of each of hollow tubular arms

106. Mounting arms 106 may be secured to the head restraint reinforcement element in the same manner as in the embodiment of Figure

4.

In the embodiment of Figure 7, the mirror housing 70 is mounted by a ball and socket connection to provide for limited universal movement of the mirror and lights with respect to the seat and head restraint. The connection comprises a socket 108 affixed to mounting plate 46 and a complimentary shaped and sized ball member 110 attached to the back of mirror housing 70 and pivotally disposed in socket 108. The parts may be formed of a resilient material, such as plastic, so that they may be assembled by being merely snapped together. This embodiment is otherwise the same as that of Figure 4.

In Figure 8 there is shown, in cross-section, a representative light assembly, usually two of which are used in each mirror assembly. At the location of a light assembly, mirror housing 70 comprises a removable Fresnel lens 112, a support bracket and reflector 114 affixed to housing 70 and overlying the inside face of lens 112, and affixed to bracket 114 a bulb socket and reflector member 116 in which a conventional bulb 118 is removably disposed. Power is supplied using conventional wiring from the vehicle battery. Alternatively, a separate battery can be located in each seat or head restraint provided with a vanity mirror of the present invention. The switch circuit is conventional.

The present vanity mirror assembly 12 may also be positioned in the back of a vehicle seat 150 having an integral head restraint 152, as shown in Figures 9 and 10. In Figure 9 integral head restraint 152 is modified to accommodate the vanity mirror assembly 12 described herein. Alternatively, vanity mirror assembly 12 of the present invention may be positioned elsewhere in the back of vehicle seat 150, as shown in Figure

10. Since the present invention provides for pivoting movement of the mirror and lights, the vanity mirror assembly can be positioned in a multiplicity of positions on a vehicle seat back and still function satisfactorily.

Figure 11 illustrates another embodiment of the present invention in which a mirror assembly 200 is pivotably mounted to a head restraint 202 having a recess 204 on its posterior side for storage of mirror assembly 200 in its closed position. Mirror assembly 200 comprises a light assembly 206, a mirror 13 and a base plate 208. The mirror and light assembly can be of any desired construction. The base plate 208 is generally rectangular in plan and is hinged along its top edge (when open) to head restraint 202, in any suitable manner. Light assembly 206 preferably projects -from the plane of base plate 206, and has a rectangular lens positioned adjacent the top edge of mirror 13 when assembly 200 is open. The light assembly and mirror retract into the recess 204 of head restraint 202 when the assembly is in its closed position. Any type of closing and latching means may be used to maintain the assembly in its closed position, including magnetic means, hook and loop fastener means, latch and catch means, and the like. Mirror assembly 200 is shown in an intermediate position in Figure 11. When open, the mirror assembly hangs downwardly where it can be manually tilted to any desired position.

Figure 12 illustrates another embodiment of the present invention in which a head restraint 300 has a recess 302 on its posterior side adapted to accept a vanity mirror and light assembly 304. Assembly 304 comprises a base plate 306 hinged at 308 to a mirror support 310 on which is mounted a mirror 312, and a pair of light assemblies 314 of any desired type. Assembly 304 is pivotally connected to restraint 300 by a pivotal hinge located at 316.

Mirror 312 (and lights 314) can be manually set at any inclination by merely swinging the assembly about pivot 316, with the top edge of the assembly resting against the bottom surface of recess 302. If desired, suitable notches may be provided on either mirror support 310 or one of the surfaces of recess 302, with corresponding projections on the other part, in order to provide fixed mirror positions. To close the assembly, mirror support 310 is swung downwardly against base plate

306, and the entire assembly swung upwardly into closed position, where it can be maintained by any suitable latch or gripping arrangement.

While it will be apparent that the preferred embodiments of the invention disclosed are well calculated to provide the advantages and features above stated, it will be appreciated that the invention is susceptible to modification, variation and change without departing from the proper scope or fair meaning of the subjoined claims.

Claims

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:
1. A seat assembly for a vehicle, comprising:
(a) a vehicle seat having front and rear sides;
(b) a mirror disposed on the rear side of said seat;
(c) a cover for said mirror; and
(d) means mounting said cover to said assembly for movement of said cover from a first closed position covering said mirror to a second open position wherein said mirror is not covered.
2. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 1, wherein said seat includes a head restraint and said mirror is disposed on the rear side of said head restraint.
3. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 2, wherein said head restraint is integral with said seat.
4. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 2, wherein said head restraint is movable with respect to said seat.
5. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 1, wherein said means mounting said cover comprises a hinge for pivoting said cover about a pivotal axis.
6. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 5, wherein said axis is horizontal.
7. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 6, wherein said axis is adjacent the top edge of said mirror.
8. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 6, wherein said axis is adjacent the bottom edge of said mirror.
9. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 6, wherein said axis is adjacent the center of said mirror.
10. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 5, wherein said axis is vertical.
11.. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 10, wherein said cover comprises two portions each pivotally supported along one vertical edge.
12. A seat assembly for a vehicle, comprising:
(a) a vehicle seat having front and rear sides;
(b) a light disposed on the rear side of said seat;
(c) a cover for said light; and
(d) means mounting said cover to said assembly for movement of said cover from a first closed position covering said light to a second open position wherein said light is not covered.
13. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 12, wherein said seat includes a head restraint and said light is disposed on the rear side of said head restraint.
14. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 13, wherein said head restraint' is integral with said seat.
15. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 13, wherein said head restraint is movable with respect to said seat.
16. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 12, wherein said means mounting said cover comprises a hinge for pivoting said cover about a pivotal axis.
17. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 12, wherein said axis is horizontal.
18. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 17, wherein said axis is adjacent the top edge of said light.
19. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 17, wherein said axis is adjacent the bottom edge of said light.
20. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 17, wherein said axis is adjacent the center of said light.
21. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 16, wherein said axis is vertical.
22. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 21, wherein said cover comprises two portions each pivotally supported along one vertical edge.
23. A seat assembly for a vehicle, comprising:
(a) a vehicle seat having front and rear sides;
(b) a mirror disposed on the rear side of said seat; and
(c) means mounting said mirror to said seat for movement with respect to said seat.
24. A seat assembly as 'claimed in claim 23, wherein said seat includes a head restraint and said mirror is disposed on the rear side of said head restraint.
25. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 24, wherein said head restraint is integral with said seat.
26. A seat .assembly as claimed in claim 24, wherein said head restraint is movable with respect to said seat.
27. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 23, wherein said means mounting said mirror comprises a hinge for pivoting said mirror about a pivotal axis.
28. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 27, wherein said axis is horizontal.
29. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 28, wherein said axis is adjacent the top edge of said mirror.
30. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 28, wherein said axis is adjacent the bottom edge of said mirror.
31. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 28, wherein said axis is adjacent the center of said mirror.
32. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 27, wherein said axis is vertical.
33. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 23, wherein said means mounting said mirror cαnprises a universal connection for providing universal movement of said mirror with respect to said seat.
34. A seat assembly for a vehicle, comprising:
(a) a vehicle seat having front and rear sides;
(b) a light disposed on the rear side of said seat; and
(c) means mounting said light to said seat'for movement with respect to said seat.
35. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 34, wherein said seat includes a head restraint and said light is disposed on the rear side of said head restraint.
36. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 35, wherein said head restraint is integral with said seat.
37. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 35, wherein said head restraint is movable with respect to said seat.
38. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 34, wherein said means mounting said liφt comprises a hinge for pivoting said liφt about a pivotal axis.
39. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 38, wherein said axis is horizontal.
40. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 39, wherein said axis is adjacent the top edge of said liφt.
41. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 39, wherein said axis is adjacent the bottom edge of said liφt.
42. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 39, wherein said axis is adjacent the center of said liφt.
43. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 38, wherein said axis is vertical.
44. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 34, wherein said means mounting said liφt cαnprises a universal connection for providing universal movement of said liφt with respect to said seat.
45. A seat assembly for a vehicle, comprising:
(a) a vehicle seat having front and rear sides;
(b) a mirror disposed on the rear side of said seat; and
(c) a liφt disposed on the rear side of said seat adjacent said mirror.
46. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 45, wherein said seat includes a head restraint and said mirror and liφt are disposed on the rear side of said head restraint.
47. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 46, wherein said head restraint is integral with said seat.
48. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 46, wherein said head restraint is movable with respect to said seat.
49. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 45, further comprising means mounting said mirror and liφt for pivotal movement about a pivotal axis.
50. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 49, wherein said axis is horizontal.
51. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 50, wherein said axis is adjacent the top edge of said liφt.
52. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 50, wherein said axis is adjacent the bottom edge of said liφt.
53. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 50, wherein said axis is adjacent the center of said liφt.
54. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 49, wherein said axis is vertical.
55. A seat assembly as claimed in claim 45, wherein said means mounting said mirror and liφt cαnprises a universal connection for providing universal movement of said mirror and liφt with respect to said seat.
56. A head restraint assembly for a vehicle seat or the like comprising:
(a) a head restraint;
(b) a mirror;
(c) support means for mounting said mirror to said head restraint for pivotal movement with respect thereto.
57. An assembly according to claim 56, wherein said support means provides universal pivotal movement of said mirror with respect to said head restraint. ■ ■
58. An assembly according to claim 57, wherein said support means includes ball-and-socket means.
59. An assembly according to claim 56, wherein said pivotal movement is about a horizontal axis.
60. An assembly according to claim 59, wherein said axis is disposed along one edge of said mirror.
61. An assembly according to claim 60, wherein said axis is disposed adjacent the lower edge of said mirror.
62. An assembly according to claim 60, wherein said • axis is disposed adjacent the_upper edge of said mirror.
63. An assembly according to claim 60, wherein said axis is disposed adjacent the center of said mirror.
64. An assembly according to claim 56, wherein said pivotal movement is about a vertical axis.
PCT/US1985/001145 1984-07-02 1985-06-20 Vanity mirror WO1986000509A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US62728084 true 1984-07-02 1984-07-02
US627,280 1984-07-02

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1986000509A1 true true WO1986000509A1 (en) 1986-01-30

Family

ID=24514005

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/US1985/001145 WO1986000509A1 (en) 1984-07-02 1985-06-20 Vanity mirror

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0187779A4 (en)
JP (1) JPS61502591A (en)
WO (1) WO1986000509A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3637772A1 (en) * 1986-11-06 1988-05-11 Bayerische Motoren Werke Ag Makeup mirror on the rear side of a seat
DE19932298B4 (en) * 1998-07-16 2008-07-31 Volkswagen Ag Headrest with make-up mirror

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2576103Y2 (en) * 1991-05-21 1998-07-09 天龍工業株式会社 Reading lamp of seat

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US325006A (en) * 1885-08-25 Head-rest
US1026706A (en) * 1912-01-20 1912-05-21 W F Stephens Chair.
US1893458A (en) * 1930-09-08 1933-01-03 John J Tatum Car seat
US3407683A (en) * 1966-06-10 1968-10-29 Hall C M Lamp Co Universal mirror
US3795422A (en) * 1972-04-04 1974-03-05 Air Specialties Inc Seat mounted food tray with vanity mirror
US3926470A (en) * 1973-03-21 1975-12-16 Prince Corp Visor assembly
US3976275A (en) * 1975-09-23 1976-08-24 Delbar Products, Inc. Mirror head adjusting mechanism
US4421355A (en) * 1981-07-23 1983-12-20 Prince Corporation Illuminated visor assembly
US4521051A (en) * 1983-09-15 1985-06-04 Prince Corporation Visor with mirror and storage means

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US325006A (en) * 1885-08-25 Head-rest
US1026706A (en) * 1912-01-20 1912-05-21 W F Stephens Chair.
US1893458A (en) * 1930-09-08 1933-01-03 John J Tatum Car seat
US3407683A (en) * 1966-06-10 1968-10-29 Hall C M Lamp Co Universal mirror
US3795422A (en) * 1972-04-04 1974-03-05 Air Specialties Inc Seat mounted food tray with vanity mirror
US3926470A (en) * 1973-03-21 1975-12-16 Prince Corp Visor assembly
US3976275A (en) * 1975-09-23 1976-08-24 Delbar Products, Inc. Mirror head adjusting mechanism
US4421355A (en) * 1981-07-23 1983-12-20 Prince Corporation Illuminated visor assembly
US4521051A (en) * 1983-09-15 1985-06-04 Prince Corporation Visor with mirror and storage means

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
See also references of EP0187779A4 *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3637772A1 (en) * 1986-11-06 1988-05-11 Bayerische Motoren Werke Ag Makeup mirror on the rear side of a seat
DE19932298B4 (en) * 1998-07-16 2008-07-31 Volkswagen Ag Headrest with make-up mirror

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP0187779A4 (en) 1988-04-27 application
JPS61502591A (en) 1986-11-13 application
EP0187779A1 (en) 1986-07-23 application

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