WO1985002647A1 - Hinge for leaf pivoting, as desired, about two rotation axes - Google Patents

Hinge for leaf pivoting, as desired, about two rotation axes Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO1985002647A1
WO1985002647A1 PCT/EP1984/000387 EP8400387W WO8502647A1 WO 1985002647 A1 WO1985002647 A1 WO 1985002647A1 EP 8400387 W EP8400387 W EP 8400387W WO 8502647 A1 WO8502647 A1 WO 8502647A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
part
movable part
door
axis
characterized
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/EP1984/000387
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Willy Ebner
Original Assignee
Willy Ebner
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CH661483 priority Critical
Priority to CH6614/83 priority
Application filed by Willy Ebner filed Critical Willy Ebner
Publication of WO1985002647A1 publication Critical patent/WO1985002647A1/en
Priority claimed from DK362085A external-priority patent/DK362085D0/en

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D15/00Suspension arrangements for wings
    • E05D15/48Suspension arrangements for wings allowing alternative movements
    • E05D15/50Suspension arrangements for wings allowing alternative movements for opening at either of two opposite edges
    • E05D15/505Suspension arrangements for wings allowing alternative movements for opening at either of two opposite edges by radial separation of the hinge parts at the hinge axis
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/10Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof
    • E05Y2900/13Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/132Doors

Abstract

The hinge for doors (10), covers, etc..., comprises two releasable axes (5, 7). In order to prevent an inadvertent disengagement, a safety device (19-26) prevents the unintentional detachment or separation of the cover or of the door (10) during at least part of the rotary motion for the opening by means of a cam (24) which is engaged by a curved guide (19-23, 25). When the door (10) or the cover is closed, the guide and the cam are at least partially disengaged.

Description

 Hinge construction for one wing, optionally rotatable about two swivel axes.

The invention relates to a hinge construction for the pivotable connection of a movable part (for example a flat locking part, such as a door, cover or the like, or for example a folding console) with an essentially stationary part, with a pivot axis defining the movable part Axle arrangement and a mirror mechanism with a bolt extension and a receiving part receiving this bolt extension in an engagement position. The invention also relates to a piece of furniture, a component or the like, with at least one movable part and at least one part which is arranged in a fixed position relative to the movable part, each fixed part being connected to at least one movable part by a hinge construction according to the invention is.

Especially with built-in furniture, it may often be of interest to 'install doors quickly and with no tools or to disassemble. This applies in particular to self-made furniture, but also to other doors and lids, such as apartment and room doors, etc.

In this regard, the constructions known hitherto, in which pins are to be inserted into hinge holes, are unsatisfactory, which is usually not possible without a tool. This problem also occurs with other swivel parts, such as swivel consolekons to accommodate

PCBs in electrical cabinets, televisions, etc. 1 a-

The invention has for its object to provide a simplified assembly, whereby a door or other movable part can be quickly connected or detached to the associated hinge construction, and the further object, the relevant part, at least two assign different swivel axes around which it can be rotated or swiveled. According to the invention, this is achieved in that the axis arrangement (5,7; 105,107; 305,307; 405,207) itself is constructed as a locking mechanism (8,15,16; 42-50, 116; 60), the locking mechanism being at least partially rotationally symmetrical axis part (5; 105; 205; 305; 405) is formed, which can be brought into a release position by means of the locking mechanism (8, 15, 16; 42-50, 116; 60) for releasing the pivot connection.

Figure imgf000004_0001
- 2-

is feasible.

-_

Because the closure part can be easily detached from its pivot axis with the aid of the release mechanism, there is a risk that this will happen unintentionally, which can result in damage, possibly injuries. In this context, it is advantageous if, in addition, a securing device (19-26; 55-57, 124, 125) is provided to prevent unintentional loosening during at least one partial angle of the pivoting of the movable part (10). As a result, the closure part can be detached or reassembled at any time without the risk of this happening unintentionally.

In principle, the securing device can be designed differently, for example in the form of a bolt which holds an axle stub engaging in a hinge pin in this position. Another possibility is that such an axle stub can be inserted into an elongated opening in the jacket wall of a sleeve forming the bearing for the axle stub, whereupon the opening can be locked by a closing part, or the sleeve can be rotated so that its The opening is closed by a neighboring wall. However, it is preferred if the securing device has a rog guide, in particular a circular arc guide, with which a cam follower part can be brought into contact with the movable part by opening the movable part about the pivot axis assigned to the curved guide, and * preferably in the pivoted position of the movable part It is particularly expedient if the sheet guide has a groove which accommodates the cam follower part, the bottom surface of which preferably lies opposite the end face of the cam follower part even when the movable part is in the swiveled position Backup at - 3-

Swiveling the movable part, whereby - moreover - when using such a hinge on apartment or room doors - the bow guide due to

Intervention with the cam follower prevents the door from being lifted by burglars. The simplest and most reliable form of operation is a circular arc guide, although the possibility of guiding along other curves (parabolas, hyperbolas, ellipses, etc.) will also be discussed later with reference to FIG. 10.

The arch guide is expediently designed so long that it allows a pivoting movement of the movable part by 90 degrees, so as not to impair freedom of movement, but on the other hand it does not have to be too large and still maintain the securing effect , it is advantageous if a stop surface which can be brought into abutment with a counter-stop is provided to limit the pivoting of the movable part, and if this stop surface - as seen from the pivot axis - is preferably arranged outside the curved guide. Without such a limit stop, the sheet guide would probably have to be larger, or one would have to accept that the cam follower disengages from the sheet guide and then the securing effect is lost. Although the stop surface can be formed on the sheet guide or the cam follower itself, e-s - with regard to the forces to be absorbed - is more favorable if the stop surface lies on a larger radius in order to be able to withstand greater torques.

The design according to the invention described above enables an astonishing further development, which consists in that the movable part has at least two axis arrangements each with at least one locking mechanism and possibly also a securing device - 4-

for at least two pivot axes parallel to one another, the movable part being optionally rotatable about one or the other pivot axis. For example, it would also be conceivable to equip a door with three pivot axes - on each edge and in the middle - so that the door can be opened either on the left or right or can also be used as a revolving door around the central axis. Preferably, however, two pivot axes are arranged in the area of two mutually opposite boundary edges of the movable part, although for certain applications the pivot axes can also be provided somewhere in between.

The axis part of the locking mechanism is expediently spring-loaded in the manner of a snap lock in the direction of the recess.

Further details result from the following description of exemplary embodiments schematically illustrated in the drawing. Show it:

1 a box door provided on two opposite side edges with a hinge construction in plan view, partly in section, for which the

2 to S_ illustrate details of the hinge construction, namely FIG. 2 is a side view of the box-side design according to line II-II of FIG. 1; 3 shows a corresponding view rotated by 180 degrees according to arrow III of FIG. 1; and Figures 4 and 5 are sections along lines IV-IV and V-V of Figure 3; the

6 to 8 a modification to the design according to

1 to 5, the representation of FIGS. 6 and - 5-

7 approximately correspond to FIGS. 2 and 3, but FIG. 7 illustrates a view corresponding to FIG. 3, partially in section, while FIG. 8 is a plan view of the construction according to FIG. 7, the parts interacting therewith from FIG. 6 dash-dotted lines are indicated;

9 and 10 show details of variants; and the

11 to 13 three further embodiments, with FIG. 11 an elevation from the inside and FIGS. 12 and 13 each showing a plan view of a detail of a locking mechanism.

A door 10 for closing a box, of which only a piece of the floor board 12 is shown, has a pivot axis 4, 104 in the region of two mutually opposite edges 13, 14. Each pivot axis 4 or 104 has one at each of its two ends Similar hinge construction, which are arranged on the upper or lower side of the door 10. It is advisable to use the same parts for all four parts of the hinge constructions, although it would also be possible to provide different hinge constructions on the underside than on the top, for example those described later with reference to FIGS. 6 to 8 . It is also understood that the pivot axes 4, 104 can, if necessary, run horizontally instead of vertically, i.e. e.g. in the area of the upper and lower edge of the door, or that one of them or an additional pivot axis can be arranged in the middle of the door 10 if this were desired for any reason.

Each hinge construction consists at the top and bottom of a box-side fitting 2 and a door-side fitting 1, which can be brought into engagement with one another and - 6-

are mutually solvable. As later with reference to FIGS. 6 to 8. is explained, the individual parts of these fittings. 1, 2 largely interchangeable, i.e. details of these fittings, which are provided on the door 10 or the box 12, can also be arranged vice versa on the box or the door. It is also understood that one or both parts of the hinge construction need not necessarily be formed separately, but can be formed in one piece with the door or the box, for example on a lid made of plastic or metal for a box or for a box suitcase-like container.

An essential part of the hinge construction shown is a locking mechanism for releasing the door 10 from the axis arrangement, which in the exemplary embodiment shown is essentially given by a bolt-like axle stub 5. In FIG. 1, only the lower right axle stub 5 can be seen, whereas details from FIG. 2 can be seen in a side view. There is also shown that the stub axle 5 on the the door fitting 1 is provided (Fig. 3) facing side with a rounded area 6, which falls from a culmination of sentlichen in we¬ 'in all directions, ie, in the specific case is it around a spherical surface or a spherical surface 6. This spherical surface 6 facilitates the detachment of the door 10 from the stub axle 5 or the renewed connection of these two parts and can of course also be formed by a raster-like ball loaded by a spring his.

The stub axle 5 is in the connected state with the door fitting 1 in a recess 7 (see. Fig. 1, 3, 5). The axle stub 5 is loaded by a spring of any design, preferably a leaf spring 8 (see FIG. 2), because this enables a flat design. - 7-

light becomes. The spring 8, which forms part of the release mechanism * , loads the axle stub 5 against the interior of the recess 7, but on the other hand also enables the axle stub 5 to be pulled out of this recess 7. For this purpose, the spring 8 is expediently form-fitting with the axle stub 5 connected by having fork arms 9 at their free end which engage in a neck groove 11 of the stub axle 5 in order to hold it captive. This neck groove 11 naturally has preferably a slightly greater axial extension than the thickness of the fork arms 9, so as to ensure free mobility when loosening and reassembling the door 10.

The stub axle 5, which is of course just opposite on the opposite side of the door 10, slides when inserting the door 10 into the box or when loosening within a hole guide 15, which does not necessarily have to be cylindrical, as can be seen from the Pin 5 and the contour of the hole guide 15 is shown in Fig. 2. To facilitate the entry of the surface 6 of the stub shaft 5 into the recess 7, an inlet slope 16 (FIGS. 2, 4, 6) leading to this recess 7 is expediently provided. This inlet slope 16 takes up the surface 6 of the stub shaft 5 with its end facing away from the recess 7, widened and recessed, guides the pin 5 with the spring 8 raised against the recess, so that when the door 10 is inserted after catching the surface 6 is given a safe orientation aid by the inlet slope 16 and finally allows the stub axle 5 to drop into the recess 7.

The inlet slope 16 and the recess 7 are expediently provided on a somewhat raised cylinder part 17 which, according to FIG. 1, deviates slightly from the circular cylinder shape, but is in principle (and preferably) designed as a circular cylinder. It can be cheap. - 8th-

move the recess 7 into the center of this circular cylinder. The cylinder part 17 can be inserted into a recess 18 of the box-side fitting 2, which is a further orientation aid when inserting the door 10 into the hinge construction, but also has an additional function in connection with securing the door in the inserted state, as explained below ¬ tert. It should only be noted here that the orientation function can also be performed by a reverse arrangement, in that the projecting cylinder part is provided on the fitting 2 on the box and a corresponding cylinder recess is provided on the fitting 1 on the door. However, as will be explained later with reference to FIGS. 6 to 8, it is preferred, at least for some applications, if all parts protruding from the surface 34 or 35 of the fitting 1 or 2 (see FIGS. 2, 3) are on the door side as far as possible are arranged.

A further essential part of the hinge construction 1, 2 is in fact provided by a securing device which, despite the easy releasability with the aid of the locking mechanism 5 - 9, 15, prevents the door 10 from unintentionally detaching from the axle construction 5, 7, for example after their swinging open under the effect of their own weight. It should be pointed out here that, particularly when such a hinge construction is used on house or room doors, the door leaves can have a not inconsiderable weight, which is why the safety device is all the more important the heavier the respective locking device or door leaf is.

Although the securing device can be designed in very different ways, as will become clear later with reference to the description of FIG. 9, one is preferably provided which does not require any special handling in order to achieve the securing effect. According to - 9-

In such a preferred embodiment, the cylinder part 17, with its cylinder circular surface 19 facing the box, forms a circular arc guide in cooperation with an * inner cylinder surface 10 located at a radial distance from it on an arc wall 21.

In order on the one hand to ensure the stability of the arched wall 21 and on the other hand to facilitate the interaction of the parts of this securing device when the door is inserted, the arched wall 21 is connected to the cylinder part 17 via a base 22, which, however, preferably concerns the Cylinder surface 19 extends over 180 degrees and thus offers the desired relief when inserting the door (as will be explained below), although it would be sufficient for securing the stability of the arch wall 21 to let the floor run only up to the end of this arch wall 21 .

As can be seen particularly from FIG. 5, the bottom 22 with its inner surface 23 together with the surfaces 19 and 20 forms an approximately U-shaped groove, into which an appropriately likewise curved projection 24 of the fitting 2 on the box side projects as a cam follower. As is usual with cam followers, the projection 24 could, however, also be designed in the form of a pin, but the arch shape offers greater strength.

The. on the left side of the door 10 (FIG. 2), the upper door fitting 1 is shown in a top view, which is why the fitting on the box side above it is not visible; only the projection 24 of this fitting can be seen in one section. In contrast, a cut is made through the door 10 on the right side of the door 10, which section runs in the area of the circular cylindrical surface 19 of the lower door fitting 1 below its base 22, which is only indicated by dash-dotted lines. - 1 0-

As can readily be seen, the projection 24 ^ with the door closed 10 is located outside of the surfaces 19, 20 and 22 formed groove 25, so it that opening the door 10 is not hindered. However, if the door 10 is opened, the protrusion 24 enters the groove 25 and thereby prevents the door 10 from being unintentionally torn from its releasable axis arrangement 5, 7. In order for the protrusion 5 to enter the groove 25 without complaint, it is advantageous that the free surface or end face 26 of the protrusion 24, even when the door 10 is closed, is opposite the base surface 23 of the base 22 which extends beyond the end of the arch wall 21 and extends over approximately 180 degrees , so that no kicking or bruising can occur when entering the groove 25. End face 26 and bottom surface 23 are therefore always opposite one another. In a modification of this embodiment, however, it would also be possible to shorten the base 22 and to provide it with a run-on inclined surface as a continuation of the base surface 23 or to design the latter to be chamfered, as can also be done with the end surface 26.

If the projection 24 has entered the groove 25 and the door 10 is then pivoted further, the front surface of the projection 24 would meet the end surface 27 of the groove 25 (see FIG. 4). A limit stop for the pivoting movement of the door 10 could thereby be achieved. However, since the projection 24 is relatively close to the pivot axis 4 or 104, it should be able to absorb a relatively large torque. It is therefore more favorable to provide a separate construction for this purpose, which is somewhat further radially outward with respect to the pivot axis 4 or 104.

This construction, which is located radially further outwards, has a stop projection 28, the stop surface 29 thereof - 1 1 -

a counter stop 30 at the end of the pivoting movement of the door 10 is opposite, as is indicated by dash-dotted lines on the left side of FIG. 1. In this way, the projection is protected from any load and can therefore be dimensioned relatively weak, which may also reduce the space requirement for the entire securing device 19-26.

The stop projection 28 preferably fulfills another function as a centering device. Since the axis arrangement 5, 7 is designed to be detachable, certain tolerances or play are inevitable, so that the closing of the door could meet with increased resistance, in order to obtain centering when the door 10 is closed, In the area of at least one boundary edge 13, 14 on the closure part 10 and / or on the stationary part 12 there is at least one centering surface 31 or 32 which runs obliquely to the pivoting direction of the door 10. The centering surface 31 is on the surface facing the box-side fitting 2, i.e. based on the axial extension of the axis 4 or 104 outside, provided on the projection 28, the centering surface 32 on the surface of the fitting 2 opposite the projection 28, thus facing inwards. The beveling of these surfaces can be seen from FIGS. 2 to 5, but it may be sufficient to provide only one beveled surface, in particular on the underside of the door 10. In any case, the length and the angle of this bevel 31, 32 are exaggerated in the drawing. In practice, tolerances are never so great that such a large bevel would be necessary.

As already mentioned, the door 10 has two hinge constructions above and below for each of the pivot axes 4 and 104. Accordingly, four pairs of fittings 1, 2 are provided. Since the safety device 19-26 only - 1 2-

then comes into effect when the projection 24 enters the groove 25 and this is only the case when the door 10 is opened, the projections 24 on both sides (with reference to FIG. 1) are disengaged when the door 10 is closed. In this state, one only needs to pull one of the handles 33 or 133, whereupon the axle arrangement 5, 7 loosens against the action of the leaf spring 8 and the door opens on this side, the other axle arrangement 5, 7 remains in engagement due to the lack of a force acting transversely to its pivot axis 4 or 104 and the door therefore rotates about the respective axis arrangement 5, 7 in engagement. However, as soon as the door 10 is pivoted open only by a small angle, the projection engages with the groove 25 and ensures that the axis arrangement on the respective pivot axis 4 or 104 cannot continue to be released.

However, if both handles 33 and 133 are pulled when the door 10 is closed, both axle arrangements 5, 7 become detached and the door can be removed without further ado, which may, for example, make it easier for the housewife to clean the inside of the box and do some other work. On the other hand, the door 10 can then be easily reinserted, the projections 17 and. the recesses 18 and the centering surfaces 31, 32, but finally also the run-in slope 16 for the stub axle 5 serve as orientation and centering aids. Of course, these advantages also result if only a single pivot axis 4 . or 104 should be provided. For this reason, fittings 1 and 2 are particularly suitable for series furniture where a short assembly time is important, or for prefabricated built-in furniture or for self-assembly furniture sets, for the assembly of which one must expect inexperienced forces.

Of course, what has just been said also applies to the possibility - 1 3-

Doors or lids which can be pivoted upwards or downwards, in which case the arrangement of the securing device 19-26 is of particular importance, because, as is known, the doors of secretary tables are subject to particularly high forces. The stop surfaces 29 and 31 are then largely used to absorb these forces. On the other hand, it goes without saying that the securing device 19 - 26 with its interlocking parts in the case of house or apartment doors also ensures protection against unhooking by burglars, since yes the sheet guide, for example, lies opposite the end face 26 of the projection with its surface 23 and thus prevents displacement in the axial direction. This is a further advantage of the floor 22 which extends around the surface 19 beyond 180 degrees.

6 shows a further fitting 102 as a modification to FIG. 2, to which a fitting 101 according to FIG. 7 (as a variant to FIG. 3) is located. It goes without saying that both the one or the other fitting 1 or 2 or 101 or 102 both on the door side or cover side and on the side of the respective stationary part, such as box, door frame, but also suitcase (being "stationary" relative to understand) can be arranged. However, such a flat fitting as the fitting 102 represents is preferably arranged on the stationary part, the fitting 101 on the door side. The reason for this lies in the fact that - in particular in the case of built-in or self-made furniture Selbst - = • the shelves can each be equipped with a flat fitting 102 from the outset without impairing the aesthetic impression or the usability, since none at all cumbersome or unsightly projections are provided relative to the surface 35. Depending on the wishes of the buyer, in the case of a wall covering extending over a larger wall area, a door can be fitted between two specialist boards, so that a door can be opened - 1 4-

Box or a box results. It is particularly useful for this that the assembly can be carried out very easily and quickly due to the release mechanism, so that even an inexperienced person can quickly hang in a door.

If the shelves then have the fittings 102 on both sides, one can still decide afterwards whether the door should be hinged on the left or right or even on both sides as in FIG. 1.

6 to 8, in which all parts of the same function have the same reference numerals as in the previous figures, if necessary provided with a hundred digit, differs from the embodiment discussed above by the arrangement of the more prominent Parts 24 and 105 on a single fitting 101, whereas the fitting 102 only has depressions, namely the axial position recess 107 with the inlet bevel 16 and the groove 25 - indicated by dash-dotted lines in FIG. 8 (a plan view of the surface 34 of the fitting 101) having.

Another example of the locking mechanism can also be seen in FIG. 7 only for the sake of example. Here, the stub axle 105 has an approximately conical head with a conical surface 106 falling off from a culmination point on all sides, and a shaft 111 which, practically analogous to the neck groove 11 in FIG. 2, represents the area in which a tongue 108 attacks. The spring 108 is a helical spring, and it can be seen that there is a larger space requirement for this than in the case of a leaf spring 8 according to FIGS. 1 and 2, but this plays less role in the case of a door fitting.

The spring 108 is supported on the one hand on the head having the conical surface 106 and on the other hand on one - 1 5-

Screw nipple 36, which is screwed into a guide sleeve 37 and, in addition to the hole 115 corresponding to the hole guide 15 (FIG. 2), also has a slot opening 38 for attaching a screwdriver.

Under the pressure of the spring 108, the head with the conical surface 106 is pushed forward and is supported on inclined surfaces 39 of a limiting plate 40 which is fastened to the fitting 101 by means of screws 41. The function of all parts otherwise corresponds to that according to the previously discussed embodiment, so that reference can be made to the above description.

9 is only intended to illustrate that the locking mechanism does not have to consist exclusively of the resilient constructions shown, but that other solutions are also conceivable within the scope of the invention. A pin 42 engages in the neck groove 1 of the axle stub 5 at the free end of the arm 43 of an angle lever 43, 44 which can be rotated about an axis 45 fastened to the box part 2. The arm 44 of the angle lever 43, 44 is connected via an elongated hole 46 to a connecting pin 47 on a sensor 48 which is displaceably guided in a guide housing 49 against the pressure of a spring 50. This spring 50 is supported at one end on the arm 44 and at the other end on the snap cover 51 of the housing 49.

It should be pointed out that the connection "between the angle lever 43, 44, the sensor 48 and the axle stub 5 does not necessarily have to be rigid, but that, for example, the pin 42 can be relatively long and possibly also flexible, in which of the latter the case of oblique elastic Achss.tummel 5 over the surface of Einlauf¬ can glide 116 n.. A long pin 42 but may be favorable also for constructional reasons, to the sensor - 1 6-

48 and the axle stub 5 at a distance from one another. For an elastic configuration, however, the axle stub can also be designed in two parts, the two parts either being telescopically guided under the pressure of a spring, or one part being made up from a surface 6 having a ball loaded by a spring inside the stub axle 5.

If the door 10 is inserted, its fitting 201 pushes against the sensor 48, which is displaced against the pressure of the spring 50. As a result, the stub axle 5 lowers through the clockwise pivoting angle lever 43, 44 and slides over the inclined inlet slope 116 - in comparison to the embodiment according to the previous figures - into the recess 7. Already to achieve a secure hold against the inlet obliquely, the recess 7 should preferably be even deeper than shown, the stub axle 5 then receiving the suspension discussed above.

In this exemplary embodiment, the securing device is not shown and can be of any desired design, for example in accordance with the previous figures. 9 that the axle stub has a further neck groove above the neck groove 11, into which a locking bolt on the top of the box part 12 can engage when the axle stub 5 moves from the position shown in FIG the recess 7 is lowered. This bolt can be displaceable with the aid of a handle for locking and releasing, but it can also be acted upon by a spring for locking. It is also conceivable for such a bolt to cooperate with the neck groove 11 on the side of the neck groove 11 opposite the pin 42, the bolt then being accommodated within the body of the box part 12. It would also be possible. - 1 7-

equip the bolt - in order to avoid a separate actuation - with an extension similar to the sensor 48 so that when the door is inserted (after the stub axle 5 has been lowered) into the engagement position it engages in the groove 11, whereby it may support the lowering of the stub axle 5 via an inclined surface. In this case, it is but a * Betä¬ actuating handle need to the safety catch released again when removing the door 10th

On the one hand, it is to be illustrated with the aid of FIG. 10 that the axis arrangement does not in principle exclude the use of constructions such as are common in furniture construction, the respective door 10 rotating about two pivot axes and thus obtaining a predetermined, desired movement characteristic. Furthermore, it is to be shown that the form-fitting curved guide 19-26 according to FIGS. 1 to 8 is preferred, but the invention is in no way limited to this.

According to FIG. 10, a box wall 112 is provided which is aligned with the door 10 in the open position. In order to achieve this, a fitting 52 is conventionally provided, on which a first pivot axis 205 supports a lever 53. This lever 53 is under the tension of a spring 54, which is only indicated. The free end of the lever 53 comprises a pivot pin 305, which is firmly installed in a recess in the door 10.

Up to this point, the axle arrangement 52 - 54, " 205 and 305 corresponds to the known embodiment. However, in deviation from this, the connection between the free end of the lever 53 and the pivot axis 305 is designed as a snap connection, so that the latter can be easily detached from the lever 53. This Training thus represents the release mechanism. - 18-

10, a sheet guide 125 "is provided for securing, against which a cam follower pin 124 fastened to the door 10 via a support arm 55 bears under the action of a strong leaf spring 56. The leaf spring 56 is at the free end of the sheet guide part 57, whose guide curve 125 no longer corresponds to a circular arc due to the special movement characteristic of the pivoting movement of the door 10 when pivoting about the axes 205 and 305, provided that both axes come into effect at the same time, as is the case with this construction of the On the other hand, constructions are conceivable in which the swiveling takes place one after the other about the one and then about the other swiveling axis, in which case there is a circular arc guidance with two adjoining circular arcs with a different radius corresponding to the two axes.

When the door 10 is hung in, the cam follower 124 is first pushed under the spring 56, so that it is pressed against the arch guide 125 by the latter. The swivel axis 305 is then pressed into the snap jaw at the free end of the lever 53.

Numerous variants are conceivable within the scope of the invention; For example, the pivoting movement of the door according to FIGS. 1 and 10 is limited to approximately 90 degrees, and for reasons of space and application it could also be sufficient in some cases to design the securing device so that it only extends over a smaller angular range, or also the Let the pivoting movement of the door run over a smaller angular range. On the other hand, straight hinge constructions of the type shown in FIG. 10 also allow pivoting ranges of up to 180 degrees, in which case the curved guide should expediently be designed so that this pivoting possibility can also be used. - 1 9-

Furthermore, it can be seen from FIG. 8 that here the front surface 129 of the cam follower 24 together with the end surface 27 of the groove 25 results in a limit stop for the pivoting movement of the door, but for the reasons mentioned, a separate stop is shown in accordance with FIGS In any case, 1 to 5 should be preferred if 10 larger forces can result due to the weight of the door.

Although the configuration of the surface 6 or 106 as a spherical or conical surface is preferred in order to facilitate the snap-in of the stub axle, angular stub axles which are guided in a non-rotatable manner are also possible, for example, which then only have one have a single inclined surface or are only designed as a truncated cone.

When used for house or apartment doors, the release mechanism is expediently not designed in such a way that the door 10 can be released from its axis arrangement 5, 7 by a simple pull or push, but rather one will fall back on a solution such as that shown in FIG 9 was described, but with the difference that the angle lever 43, 44 is not positively actuated by a sensor 48, but rather by a linkage, not shown, connected to the arm 43, for example from the inside of the house, is only unlocked when needed.

It goes without saying that the hinge construction according to the invention is not restricted to use in the case of closure parts. It comes in an analogous manner with other folding mechanisms, e.g. Consoles, to carry.

11 shows a door 10 from the inside of a box, a room or a house. The upright, stationary part 112 is in this case of a box - 20-

frame or a door frame. This door 10 has, in the area of each of its two lateral boundary edges 13, 14, a door lock 60 which can be locked from the outside in the usual way by means of a key which can be inserted into a keyhole 61. Thus, a locking bar 405 is either in the usual way either from the lock 60, i.e. from the position on the left-hand side of the door 10 into that on the right-hand side of the door 10 (referring to FIG. 11), in which the locking bars 405 engage in corresponding recesses 207.

However, while the locking bars 405 are approximately rectangular in cross-section according to the prior art, in the embodiment according to FIG. 11 they should be designed as rotating bodies, preferably circular in cross-section. If, therefore, the right bolt 405 engages the associated recesses 207 at the top and bottom and the left bolt 405 is opened, as shown, the door 10 can be pivoted about the right bolt 405 as an axis. If, on the other hand, the left bolt 405 is in engagement with the recesses 207 on its top and bottom and the right bolt 405 is open, the left bolt serves as the pivot axis. In the event that both bolts 405 (left and right are in the engaged position), the door 10 is blocked.

This example shows that in this way a construction is obtained which, on the one hand, can be easily assembled by simply placing the door in the frame 112 and fastening one of the locks 60 in its hinges by turning the key; on the other hand, it is not possible to unhook the door 10 from its hinges from the outside.

Similarly, a bar construction known per se can - 21 -

are used in which a hook 307 (FIG. 12) on the door -10 engages around a substantially stationary pin 305 (namely connected to the stationary part 112). The hook 307 is seated on a rotating rod 62, analogous to the bolts 405 of FIG. 11, perpendicular and parallel to the edge 14, which can be pivoted via the lock 160 with the aid of a key 63 in such a way that the hook 307 from the position shown with solid lines to the dash-dotted position.

However, while in the conventional embodiment the hook lies on the side of the pin 305 facing away from the vertical fixed part 112, it is expedient if the hook 307 faces the wall 112, i. engages between fixed part 112 and pin 305. This results in stable anchoring with simple means in every pivoting position of the door 10. It can be seen that the hook 307 receiving the pin 305 does not reach around the entire circumference of the pin 305 even in the dash-dotted position. A complete encirclement would be necessary, however, if the hook 307 were guided against the pin 305 in the usual way from the side facing away from the wall 112.

If the rotating rod 62 were arranged such that the hook 307, e.g. out of a recess in the door 10, a pin located approximately in the area of the corner of the door 64

- * I could close, it can be installed completely stationary; his. For reasons of space, however, this is in most cases. len is not possible, which is why a construction similar to FIG. 10 is used here. The pin 305 is fastened to a swivel lever 153 which, in turn, can be swiveled about an axis 205 on a fitting 152 and is under the action of the spring 54 already mentioned. Compared to the construction according to FIG. 10, only the axis 205 is offset more from the fixed part 112. - 22-

Under the tension of the spring 54, the lever 153 is supported normally ; sometimes on a side wall (indicated by dashed lines) of the fitting 152.

The door 10 can now be hung in such a way that the hook 307 passes the pin 305 into the position shown in full lines. If the key 63 is then turned, the hook 307 assumes the dash-dotted position. He grips the pin 305 and can be swiveled around with it in such a way that the door 10 swings open by 90 degrees and then assumes the position shown in broken lines. Although the hook 307 is not completely guided around the pin 305 even in this position, a stable swivel bearing is nevertheless obtained because the door 10 cannot deflect against the stationary part 112.

The hook construction can be modified according to FIG. 13, in which two hooks 407 can surround the pin 305 from both sides in the manner of bearing shells. For this purpose, the hooks 407 can be displaced relative to one another in a guide which is not shown in detail, the arrangement being expediently such that they are pulled apart under the action of springs 65, whereas they are turned by turning the key 63 against the Force of the springs 65 are compressed to enclose the pin 305. This can be done with any lock constructions.

Theoretically, the reverse case would also be conceivable (and also applicable to light swivel parts 10), the springs 65 being designed as compression springs and being brought into the pressed-apart position according to FIG. 13 by the key 63, for example by means of the key 63 rotatable nut or an eccentric. In this case, however, the holding force of the hooks 407 on the pin 305 would only be determined by the pressure of the springs 65, which is certainly not favorable for heavy doors 10.

Claims

CHANGED CLAIMS [at the International Bureau on 24 May 1985 (May 24, 1985); original claims 1-10 replaced by new claims 1-9 (4 pages)]
1. Hinge construction for the pivotable connection of a movable part, which has two surfaces approximately parallel to one another, with an essentially stationary part, with at least two axis arrangements, each defining a pivot axis for the movable part, which can be inserted into a receiving part and thus into one ¬ has a handle extension which can be brought into the grip position and which is designed as an at least partially rotationally symmetrical axis part and can be brought into a release position against the force of a loading device in order to release the pivot connection, the movable part optionally being rotatable about one or the other pivot axis, characterized in that that the respective pivot axis (4; 104) defined by the receiving part (7; 107) and the releasable locking extension (5; 105) lies essentially between the planes of the two mutually parallel surfaces of the movable part (10) .
2. hinge construction according to claim 1, with a securing device against unintentional release from the engagement position during at least one Winkelteilberei¬ ches the pivoting of the movable part, which has a circular arc guide with which a cam follower part at least when pivoting the movable part can be brought into engagement about the pivot axis assigned to this circular arc guide, the circular arc guide and the pivoting position of the movable part. Interlocking cam followers form-fit, since ¬ characterized in that the circular arc guide (25) has a groove receiving the cam follower (24), the bottom surface (23) of which is expediently the end face (26) of the cam follower (24) also in the swiveled position of the movable part (10) is opposite.
3. Hinge construction according to claim 1 or 2, with a securing device which has a circular arc guide with which a cam follower part-1 can be brought into engagement at least when the movable part is pivoted open about the pivot axis assigned to the circular arc guide, characterized in that a stop surface (29) which can be brought into abutment with a counter-stop (30) is provided to limit the pivoting of the movable part (10), and that this stop surface (29) - from the pivot axis (4 or 104 ) seen - lies outside the circular arc guide.
4. Hinge construction according to claim 1, 2 or 3, characterized in that the axis arrangement (5-7, 16; 105-106) a transverse to the plane of the flat movable part (10) to deepen the receiving part (7; 107) leading inward slope (16) for the bar extension (5; 105).
5. Hinge construction according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that at least one obliquely to the pivoting direction of the movable part in the region of at least one boundary edge (13, 14) on the movable part (10) and / or on the fixed part (12) (19) extending centering surface (31 or 32) is provided.
6. Hinge construction according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that at least the part of the axle arrangement (5-7, 16; 105, 106) associated with the movable part (10) than on the movable part (10), in particular in a depression thereof, usable fitting (1 or 2) is formed.
7. Hinge construction according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that a leaf spring (8) is provided as the loading device.
8. Hinge construction according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that a part of the axis arrangement (5-7, 16; 105, 106). preferably the receiving part (7) is arranged on a raised cylinder part (17), which in a corresponding recess (18) of the other part of the axis arrangement (5-7, 16; iθ5, 106) can be used transversely to its cylinder axis, the cylinder part (17) being expediently arranged on the movable part (10).
9. Hinge construction according to one of the preceding
Claims, characterized in that the bolt extension (5, 105) serving as the axis part can be displaced in a guide (15) rigidly connected to the respective pivot connection part (10 or 12).
PCT/EP1984/000387 1983-12-12 1984-12-05 Hinge for leaf pivoting, as desired, about two rotation axes WO1985002647A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CH661483 1983-12-12
CH6614/83 1983-12-12

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DK362085A DK362085D0 (en) 1983-12-12 1985-08-08 Hinge for an alternatively on the two pivot axes of pivotable door leaf
FI853063A FI853063A0 (en) 1983-12-12 1985-08-09 Gaongjaernskonstruktion Foer, an optionally runt Tvenne svaengaxlar, svaengbar doerrhalva.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1985002647A1 true WO1985002647A1 (en) 1985-06-20

Family

ID=4312331

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/EP1984/000387 WO1985002647A1 (en) 1983-12-12 1984-12-05 Hinge for leaf pivoting, as desired, about two rotation axes

Country Status (6)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0164381A1 (en)
JP (1) JPS61500679A (en)
AU (1) AU3786885A (en)
FI (1) FI853063A0 (en)
NO (1) NO853119L (en)
WO (1) WO1985002647A1 (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5311824A (en) * 1993-02-22 1994-05-17 Transit America Inc. Hatch cover hinge and lock assembly having safety interlock for hinge
DE4328821A1 (en) * 1993-08-27 1995-03-02 Eckhard Baermann Installable on either side hinge arrangement
US5647652A (en) * 1995-12-20 1997-07-15 Chrysler Corporation Dual-hinged center console
FR2756315A1 (en) * 1996-11-27 1998-05-29 Legrand Sa Handle for open panel, and box provided with door equipped with such door
WO2002046560A1 (en) * 2000-12-04 2002-06-13 Multibrás. S.A. Eletrodomesticos Hinge arrangement for a cabinet door
EP1306506A2 (en) * 2001-10-11 2003-05-02 Hörmann KG Antriebstechnik Control housing with cover pivot mechanism
DE10117173B4 (en) * 2001-04-06 2007-10-04 Biffar Gmbh Door

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR384424A (en) * 1907-08-14 1908-04-08 Karl Metzker Improvements to doors
DE393116C (en) * 1924-04-04 Hermann Arnheim A G Tuerbefestigung for Stahlfaecher
DE3111595A1 (en) * 1981-03-24 1982-10-28 Mukai Taichi Door which, in the installed state, can be fastened either on the left or on the right as often as desired

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE393116C (en) * 1924-04-04 Hermann Arnheim A G Tuerbefestigung for Stahlfaecher
FR384424A (en) * 1907-08-14 1908-04-08 Karl Metzker Improvements to doors
DE3111595A1 (en) * 1981-03-24 1982-10-28 Mukai Taichi Door which, in the installed state, can be fastened either on the left or on the right as often as desired

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5311824A (en) * 1993-02-22 1994-05-17 Transit America Inc. Hatch cover hinge and lock assembly having safety interlock for hinge
DE4328821A1 (en) * 1993-08-27 1995-03-02 Eckhard Baermann Installable on either side hinge arrangement
WO1995006182A1 (en) * 1993-08-27 1995-03-02 Eckhard Baermann Bilateral hinge arrangement
US5530992A (en) * 1993-08-27 1996-07-02 Baermann; Eckhard Double-sided hinges
DE4328821C2 (en) * 1993-08-27 1998-06-04 Eckhard Baermann Installable on either side hinge arrangement
US5647652A (en) * 1995-12-20 1997-07-15 Chrysler Corporation Dual-hinged center console
FR2756315A1 (en) * 1996-11-27 1998-05-29 Legrand Sa Handle for open panel, and box provided with door equipped with such door
EP0845563A1 (en) * 1996-11-27 1998-06-03 Legrand Handle for openable wing, and cabinet having a door equiped with such a handle
WO2002046560A1 (en) * 2000-12-04 2002-06-13 Multibrás. S.A. Eletrodomesticos Hinge arrangement for a cabinet door
DE10117173B4 (en) * 2001-04-06 2007-10-04 Biffar Gmbh Door
EP1306506A2 (en) * 2001-10-11 2003-05-02 Hörmann KG Antriebstechnik Control housing with cover pivot mechanism
EP1306506A3 (en) * 2001-10-11 2007-12-26 Hörmann KG Antriebstechnik Control housing with cover pivot mechanism

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP0164381A1 (en) 1985-12-18
FI853063L (en) 1985-08-09
AU3786885A (en) 1985-06-26
FI853063A0 (en) 1985-08-09
JPS61500679A (en) 1986-04-10
FI853063A (en)
NO853119L (en) 1985-08-07
FI853063D0 (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US7065833B2 (en) Furniture hinge with automatic opening control mechanism
US6386214B1 (en) Umbrella operating system
DE19531698B4 (en) Bracket fitting for front panels of drawers
US6993944B2 (en) Dead bolt lock
US6347483B1 (en) Child safety barrier
EP0786042B1 (en) Improvements relating to nursery gates
ES2241534T3 (en) System of rotating and / or sliding leaves with interlock.
US5090750A (en) Locking mechanism for sash type windows
US4759576A (en) Adjustable deadlatch
US6016629A (en) Walk-through gate
DE4328821C2 (en) Installable on either side hinge arrangement
AT399018B (en) hinge
US20050166647A1 (en) Multi-point door lock and offset extension bolt assembly
CN101208492B (en) Storage unit
ES2199418T3 (en) Drawer.
EP1066437B1 (en) Spring-loaded catch for a sliding door of a sheet metal cupboard
ES2248392T3 (en) Environmental device for taking, lifting, handling and turning kitchen utensils with two handles.
US5873199A (en) Locking device for full tilt windows
ES2325214T3 (en) removable handle.
US20060032019A1 (en) Appliance hinge
US8732906B1 (en) Locking hinge assembly
CA2303055C (en) Improved hinge for furniture and the like, with movable arm arranged inside the fixed arm
US9414675B2 (en) Drawer slide
US6317928B1 (en) Lockable hinge device
DE69922901T2 (en) Snap hinge for carrying door panels

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AK Designated states

Designated state(s): AU DK FI JP NO US

AL Designated countries for regional patents

Designated state(s): AT BE CH DE FR GB LU NL SE

WWE Wipo information: entry into national phase

Ref document number: 1985900098

Country of ref document: EP

WWE Wipo information: entry into national phase

Ref document number: 853063

Country of ref document: FI

WWP Wipo information: published in national office

Ref document number: 1985900098

Country of ref document: EP

WWW Wipo information: withdrawn in national office

Ref document number: 1985900098

Country of ref document: EP