WO1983002298A1 - Improved method for erecting reinforced concrete building structures - Google Patents

Improved method for erecting reinforced concrete building structures Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO1983002298A1
WO1983002298A1 PCT/HU1982/000029 HU8200029W WO8302298A1 WO 1983002298 A1 WO1983002298 A1 WO 1983002298A1 HU 8200029 W HU8200029 W HU 8200029W WO 8302298 A1 WO8302298 A1 WO 8302298A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
meshwork
reinforcement
surface panels
panels
mesh
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/HU1982/000029
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Imre Szombathelyi
Original Assignee
Imre Szombathelyi
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Imre Szombathelyi filed Critical Imre Szombathelyi
Priority to PCT/HU1982/000029 priority Critical patent/WO1983002298A1/en
Publication of WO1983002298A1 publication Critical patent/WO1983002298A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/86Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms
    • E04B2/8623Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms with spacers and at least one form leaf being monolithic

Abstract

When implementing the method, first a rigid spatial reinforcement meshwork for at least a part of the building structure to be erected is formed by rigidly connecting raster-shaped planar and/or spatial steel rod nettings (2, 3) cut to size from pre-fabricated panelled rod mesh (1). Following this, pre-fabricated surface panels (4) of hygroscopic, porous material are arranged and secured to the reinforcement meshwork. Prior to this, preferably fixtures, fillings and installations of the building structure may be arranged with the meshwork. Finally, to form the desired reinforced concrete building structure by simultaneously utilizing the surface panels (4) as remaining formwork, cast concrete (9) is filled into the space of the reinforcement meshwork enclosed by or adjacent to the inner surfaces of the surface panels (4). Thus, the erection of building structures can be performed without any temporary support means or formwork.

Description

IMPROVED METHOD FOR ERECTING REINFORCED CONCRETE BUILDING STRUCTURES
Technical Field
The invention relates to an improved method for erecting reinforced concrete building structures having pre-fabricated surface panels of hygroscopic, porous and capillaric material and further having a reinforcing steel rod meshwork. The surface panels and the reinforcing meshwork are in terfused by cast concrete so as to form a substantially monolithic bearing structure for the building to be erected.
Background Art
In the field of the highly industrialized uiass building trade there is a clear tendency towards project realizations by applying a minimum assortment of pre-fabricated elements that are suitable for providing a large variety of project designs and constructions. The elements applied should be easy to manufacture, to handle, to transport and to store, and they should be suitable for rapid on-the-spot assembling without using any special machinery or equipment. One method for meeting the above outlined demand, i.e. for at least partial realization of the design work, manufacturing and assembling tasks of the mass-erection of building structures is known as a non-tectonic open structure erection system of silicatebasis. This term practically covers that pre-fabricated structural elements manufactured industrially in large series do determine strictly neither the ground plan nor the function and appearance of the buildings to be erected. Thus, design work of such buildings is not entirely bound to the shape and size of pre-fabricated elements applied. According to the basic idea of this known method the building structures to be established are dissolved into modules which are further dissolved into submodular component parts in a manner that all main size dimensions of the modules are generated by using a basic modular length unit while all size dimensions of the submodular component parts are characterized by a geometric submodular length size unit. Thus, a dual reference system between surface panels applied and between submodular mesh elements used is provided, including adjustable machinery or equipment for the raanufacture of said elements. When erecting the building structure by applying this known method, first the covering outer surface elements of the final bearing structure - by using temporary support means - are arranged by vertically and horizontally joining of porous, capillaric surface panels duly pre-fabricated in modular sizes from plaster or from any other preferably gypsumbased material. Following this, the steel rod reinforcement netting of the bearing structure is assembled and put to place. By filling in cast concrete and by simultaneous eliminating hydrostatic pressure through capillaric absorbtion the porous, capillaric surface panels and the reinforcement are interfused so as to form a substantially monolithic bearing structure, and finally, after setting of the filled-in concrete as final step of building erection the temporary support means is removed. By application of the above known method the advantage of the realization possibility of a large number of design varieties by means of a minimum assortment of pre-fabricated elements used is achieved. However, for the on-the-spot assembling work a temporary support means is needed whereby the input demand for assembly and the costs for erection work are increased.
Disclosure of Invention
An object of the present invention is to provide a novel improved method for erecting reinforced concrete building structures the method providing an easier temporary fixing and support of the vertically and/or horizontally arranged surface panels and other structure elements, and resulting in a rapid and more economic on-the-spot assembly of the structure elements without any temporary support means.
According to the present invention the above and other objects are achieved by application of an improved method for erecting reinforced concrete building structures, said method comprising the steps of forming first a substantially self-supporting rigid spatial reinforcement meshwork for at least a part of the building structure to be erected by rigidly coupling raster-shaped, substantially planar and/or spatial steel rod nettings cut to size from pre-fabricated panelled rod mesh. Following this, pre-fabricated surface panels of hygroscopic, porous and capillaric material are secured to the rigid spacial reinforcement meshwork. The surface panels have a substantially even. smooth outer surface and a raster-shaped mesh grooved inner surface. The spacing distances of the raster of the mesh-grooves in the inner surface of the panels are substanially identical with that of the steel rod nettings of the rigid reinforcement meshwork. Thus, the mesh-grooves of the surface panels are capable of at least partially embedding the reinforcement meshwork which they are secured to whereby the reinforce ment meshwork serves simultaneously as supporting structure for the surface panels. The space of the reinforcement meshwork enclosed by or adjacent to the inner surfaces of the panels is filled in with cast concrete forming thereby the desired reinforced concrete building structure by simultaneously utilizing the surface panels as remaining formwork for said structure. Prior to securing the pre-fabricated surface panels of hygroscopic material to the rigid spatial reinforcement meshwork, preferably all or at least some of the structural members or at least fixtures, fittings or casings for such members and/ or building installations like pipes, power cables and the like may also be fixed to the rigid spatial" reinforcement meshwork while it is formed for at least a part of the building structure to be erected. In preferred modes of carrying out the invention the surface panels are pre-fabricated by form- pressing of a mixture of swollen pearlite with a suitable binder added.
With the improved method for erecting reinforced concrete building strutures the improvement lies in that - against all known methods - first the reinforcement meshwork for the bearing strudure of the building is at least partially formed. For the reinforcement meshwork in all cases raster-shaped steel rod nettings are used the raster spacing distances of which are integer parts of the modular length unit of the system. When forming the rigid spatial reinforcement meshwork, planar and/or spatial steel rod nettings are rigidly coupled by means of welding, of screwing or of wireing whereby a substanti ally self-supporting spatial reinforcement meshwork capable of load bearing to a certain desired degree is established. While forming said reinforcement meshwork, preferably installations like power supply cables, pipes and the like may also be secured to it. To the finished reinforcement meshwork covering surface panels that Will simultaneously serve as remaining formwork for the cast concrete to be filled in later are secured by welding, screwing or wireing, or in preferred embodiments by suitable bending of projecting steel pins embedded into said surface panels during their pre-fabrication. Finally, the hollow space of the reinforcement meshwork enclosed by or adjacent to the inner surfaces of the panels is filled in with cast concrete and through setting the latter in a known manner a reinforced load bearing contexture is established. The main advantage of the method invented lies in that for erecting building structures no additional temporary support means are necessary whereby investment costs are considerably reduced and a rapid, easy on-the-spot assembling is provided for. Brief Description of the Drawings
The invention will now be more particularly described showing by way of example only preferred modes of carrying out the same. For that purpose, reference is made to the attached drawing figures. In the drawings show
Fig. 1 a perspectivic view of a substantially planar pre-fabricated steel rod netting applicable for carrying out the method according to the invention,
Fig. 2 a perspectivic view of a spacial steel rod netting for vertical structural parts of the self-supporting rigid reinforcement meshwork to be formed ac cording to the invention,
Fig. 3 a perspectivic view of a spacial steel rod netting applicable for horizontal structural parts of the rigid reinforcement meshwork to be formed, Fig. 4 a perspectivic view of surface panel suitable for carrying out the invented improved method. Fig. 5 an elevational perspectivic view of a rigid reinforcement meshwork formed for a part of the building structure to be established in accordance with the invention, Fig. 6 a possible arrangement of the surface panels with respect to the reinforce ment meshwork for vertically extending structural parts of a building structure, Fig. 7 an arrangement of a surface panel with respect of the self-supporting reinforcement meshwork for horizontally extending structural parts, i.e. for floor parts of a building structure, Fig. 8 a fragmentary view of a horizontal cross-section through a vertically extending structural part of the building structure already completed by filled-in cast concrete, and Fig. 9 a fragmentary view of a vertical plane cross-section of a part of the building structure erected by using the method according to the invention, completed by filled-in cast concrete.
Modes for Carrying out the Invention
When implementing the method according to the invention, first, spatial steel rod nettings 2 for vertically extending structural parts and spatial steel rod nettings 3 for horizontally extending structural parts of the building structure to be erected are made by inserting suitable distance members between pairs of cut to size raster-shaped rod mesh panels 1 having a raster with spacing distances derived from the modular length size unit of the system and pre-fabricated industrially in large series preferably by welding of reinforceing steel rods of a diameter suitable to meet the static load requirement of the structure to be erected. During construction, in distances that are identical with that of the raster spacings of the spatial rod nettings 2 for reinforcing the vertically extending structural parts of the building structure, projecting steel pins are inserted and embedded into the (not shown) building foundation. When erecting the structure, first cut to size rod mesh panels 1 and/or spatial rod nettings 2 serving for necessary reinforcement of the vertically extending structural parts of the building structure are fixed to the projecting ends of said steel pins, preferably by welding. While arranging the spatial nettings 2 next to each other, casings 7 for wall openings (or for any other fittings, fixtures, etc.) are also inserted and rigidly fixed to the rod mesh panels 1 and/or to the nettings 2. Said mesh panels 1 and/or nettings 2 should be rigidly connected to each other preferably by welding, though any other suitable fixing mode, e.g. wireing, etc. may be applied for fixing. After having arranged the rod mesh panels 1 and/or spatial nettings 2 forming thus the vertically extending structural parts of the reinforcement meshwork of the building part to be erected, spatial rod nettings 3 for reinforcing the horizontally extending structural parts of the building structure are inserted and fixed to the nettings 2. Thus, a rigid, self-supporting spatial reinforcement structure is created which is not only suitable for holding and supporting of surface panels 4 (to be dealt with later), covering preferably both the inner and the external wall surfaces of the structure but the rigid meshwork can be utilized simultaneously as grading means for the proper arrangement of said surface panels 4. Installations like power cables S of the building are preferably arranged within and secured to the rigid spatial reinforcement meshwork.
Having completed the rigid reinforcement meshwork for at least a part of the building struc ture to be erected, construction work is continued by arranging and fixing the surface panels 4 next to each other to said meshwork whereby both an external outer wall cover and an inner wall cover are established. The pre ferably heat-insulated surface panels 4 are made of highly hygroscopic, porous material so as to ensure a proper concrete setting later, and they have a substantially even, smooth outer surface, while on their other, inner surface facing the reinforcement meshwork there are raster-shaped mesh-grooves 5 capable of embedding the reinforcement meshwork since the spacing distances of the mesh-grooves 5 are substantially identical with those of the rod mesh panels 1 and nettings 2 and 3 forming the reinforcement meshwork. Said spacing distances are equally derived from the modular length size unit of the system applied. Differing from any other types of known covering panels, in the surface panels 4 steel pins 6 projecting towards the reinforcement meshwork when arranged on it are embedded. After proper arranging the surface panels 4 by using the reinforcement meshwork as grading means for this purpose, the panels 4 are rigidly fixed to the meshwork by connecting the steel pins 6 to the rods of the nettings 2 and 3 respectively by means of welding, wireing, by bending the pins 6 around said rods, or in any other suitable manner. Having the desired number of surface panels 4 arranged and secured properly to the reinforcement meshwork, thin-liquid concrete 9 is poured or pumped into the space formed by the mesh-grooves 5 of the surface panels 4 substantially embedding the reinforcement meshwork.
For making the horizontally extending structural parts the surface panels 4 secured to the nettings
3 act as formwork for the concrete to be filled in. In that case it is sufficient to have surface panels 4 secured to the bottom of nettings 3 only. The thickness of the concrete layer is determined by load calculation.
Proper setting of the filled-in thin-liquid concrete 9 is advanced by the hygroscopic, porous panel material supplying water to the concrete from its capillaries continuously in the required amount, while setting. With the concrete set properly a substantially monolithic mesh-reinforced contexture providing the necessary loadability of the building structure is achieved. The surface panels
4 provide as remaining formwork for the external and the inner wall surfaces of the building including ceiling surfaces too. These surfaces are substantially even and smooth with little finishing work required. However, the external building wall surfaces may freely be plastered and/or coloured in order to improve their quality and appearance, if required.

Claims

Claims
1. An improved method for erecting reinforced concrete building structures having prefabricated surface panels of hygroscopic, porous and capillaric material and further having a reinforcing steel rod meshwork, said surface panels and said reinforcing meshwork being interfused by using cast concrete so as to form a substantially rao nolithic bearing structure, the improved method being c h a r a c t e r i z e d in the steps of forming first a substanti ally self-supporting, rigid spatial reinforcement meshwork for at least a part of the building structure to be erected by rigidly coupling raster-shaped, substantially planar and/or spatial steel rod nettings cut to size from pre-fabricated panelled rod mesh, of securing pre-fabricated surface panels of hygroscopic, porous and capillaric material to said rigid spatial reinforcement meshwork, said surface panels being optionally but not necessarily heat insulated and the surface panels having a substantially even, smooth outer surface and a raster-shaped mesh-grooved inner surface the spacing distance of the raster of its raesh-groovβs being substantially identical with that of the steel rod nettings of the rigid reinforcement meshwork, said mesh grooves of the surface panels thus being capable of at least partially embedding the reinforcement meshwork that serves simultaneously as supporting structure for said surface panels, and of filling in cast concrete into the space of the reinforcement meshwork enclosed by or adjacent to the inner surfaces of the surface panels so as to form the desired reinforced concrete building structure by simultaneously utilizing said surface panels as remaining formwork for said structure.
2. A method as claimed in Claim 1 c h a ra c t e r i z e d in fixing structural members or at least fixtures, fittings or casings for such members and/or building installations like pipes, power cables and the like to the rigid spatial reinforcement meshwork while it is formed for at least a part of the building structure to be erected prior to securing said pre-fabricated surface panels of hygroscopic material to said rigid spatial reinforcement meshwork.
3. A method as claimed in Claim 1 or 2 c h a r a c t e r i z e d in pre-fabricating the surface panels by form-pressing of a mixture of swollen pearlite with a suitable binder added.
List of Reference Signs of the Drawings
rod mesh panel 1 rod netting 2, 3 surface panel 4 mesh-grooves 5 steel pin 6 casing 7 power cable 8 cast concrete 9
PCT/HU1982/000029 1982-05-24 1982-05-24 Improved method for erecting reinforced concrete building structures WO1983002298A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/HU1982/000029 WO1983002298A1 (en) 1982-05-24 1982-05-24 Improved method for erecting reinforced concrete building structures

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/HU1982/000029 WO1983002298A1 (en) 1982-05-24 1982-05-24 Improved method for erecting reinforced concrete building structures
EP19820901611 EP0110874B1 (en) 1982-05-24 1982-05-24 Improved method for erecting reinforced concrete building structures
DE8282901611T DE3273003D1 (en) 1982-05-24 1982-05-24 Improved method for erecting reinforced concrete building structures

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1983002298A1 true WO1983002298A1 (en) 1983-07-07

Family

ID=10980470

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/HU1982/000029 WO1983002298A1 (en) 1982-05-24 1982-05-24 Improved method for erecting reinforced concrete building structures

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0110874B1 (en)
DE (1) DE3273003D1 (en)
WO (1) WO1983002298A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2899327A1 (en) * 2014-01-28 2015-07-29 H&H Technologies Insulating construction element and method for manufacturing same
WO2015140588A1 (en) * 2014-03-21 2015-09-24 Grémound Hungary Kft. Process for building reinforced concrete buildings in characteristically dry climate areas

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4421839C1 (en) * 1994-06-22 1996-01-18 Most Gmbh & Co Kg G Formwork panel made of concrete

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2198036A1 (en) * 1972-08-28 1974-03-29 Wessel Willi
SU903531A1 (en) * 1980-06-24 1982-02-07 Всесоюзный Институт По Проектированию Организации Энергетического Строительства "Оргэнергострой" Board of investment form for errecting ferroconcreate structures

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR1485406A (en) * 1965-07-05 1967-06-16 Construction process for a building and building obtained by this process
FR2240642A5 (en) * 1973-08-06 1975-03-07 Budapesti Muszaki Egyetem Beto Modular building component system - uses porous plates as lost shuttering for concrete
FR2291322B3 (en) * 1974-06-18 1977-04-15 Aupretre Serge
US4057608A (en) * 1976-04-19 1977-11-08 Showa Denko Kabushiki Kaisha Process of continuous manufacture of light-weight foamed concrete
DE2739375B2 (en) * 1977-09-01 1980-06-04 Ekoperl Gmbh, 4600 Dortmund Process for binding dust in expanded perlite
IT1085186B (en) * 1977-09-13 1985-05-28 Ar Co Edil Di Maroni Francesco PREFABRICATED LOSS THERMAL AND SOUND INSULATING FORMWORK

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2198036A1 (en) * 1972-08-28 1974-03-29 Wessel Willi
SU903531A1 (en) * 1980-06-24 1982-02-07 Всесоюзный Институт По Проектированию Организации Энергетического Строительства "Оргэнергострой" Board of investment form for errecting ferroconcreate structures

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
K.E. GORYANOV et al. Tekhnologia Mineralnykh Teploizolyatsionnykh Materialov i Legkikh Betonov, Izdatelstvo Literatury po Stroitelstvu, 1966 (Moscow), pages 177-179 *
N.S. STRONGIN. Sovershenstvovanie Industrialnykh Konstruktsy Perekryty, Sovmeschennykhs Sistemami Potolochno-Luchistogo Otoplenia-Okhlazhdenia. Stroitelstvo i Arkhitektura Uzbekistana, No8, 1969 (Tashkent), pages 1, 2 *
See also references of EP0110874A4 *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2899327A1 (en) * 2014-01-28 2015-07-29 H&H Technologies Insulating construction element and method for manufacturing same
FR3016908A1 (en) * 2014-01-28 2015-07-31 H & H Technologies INSULATING CONSTRUCTION ELEMENT AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME
WO2015140588A1 (en) * 2014-03-21 2015-09-24 Grémound Hungary Kft. Process for building reinforced concrete buildings in characteristically dry climate areas

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP0110874B1 (en) 1986-09-03
DE3273003D1 (en) 1986-10-09
EP0110874A1 (en) 1984-06-20
EP0110874A4 (en) 1984-08-08

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4751803A (en) Prefabricated concrete wall structure
US4934121A (en) Integrated reinforced concrete wall structure
AU2017203291B2 (en) Stronger wall system
US6880304B1 (en) Structural thermal framing and panel system for assembling finished or unfinished walls with multiple panel combinations for poured and nonpoured walls
US4468911A (en) System for forming structural concrete
US6237297B1 (en) Modular structural members for constructing buildings, and buildings constructed of such members
RU2120002C1 (en) Building frame
US5055252A (en) Method of constructing an integrated concrete wall structure
US4605529A (en) Method of constructing a prefabricated concrete wall structure
US5199233A (en) Prefabricated concrete basement and process for constructing the same
EP1992750A1 (en) Prefabricated reinforced-concrete single-family dwelling and method for erecting said dwelling
US4023315A (en) Prefabricated buildings
HU213764B (en) Single-layer or multilayer permanent shutterin for multiple-purpose application to building and process for shaping bearing structures with permanent shutterin
US6625948B2 (en) Element made from brick material and method for manufacturing prefabricated panels for building construction
EP0061100B1 (en) Prefabricated structures, method for their manufacture and their use in the building industry
US3744194A (en) Reinforcing assembly and method of forming reinforced concrete building walls, roofs and the like
US3844083A (en) Wall made of a plurality of interconnected collapsible modules and method of assembly
US5540020A (en) Building panel
US2202850A (en) Building structure
GB2234276A (en) Light-weight panel of wire mesh truss used as building wall element
EP0110874B1 (en) Improved method for erecting reinforced concrete building structures
US5887405A (en) Precast integral structure elements and procedure for the fast construction of buildings with such elements
US3874134A (en) Modular building units
US4227357A (en) Construction blocks
US3958375A (en) Prefabricated hyperbolic paraboloid roof

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
WWE Wipo information: entry into national phase

Ref document number: 1982901611

Country of ref document: EP

AK Designated states

Designated state(s): JP US

AL Designated countries for regional patents

Designated state(s): DE FR SE

WWP Wipo information: published in national office

Ref document number: 1982901611

Country of ref document: EP

WWG Wipo information: grant in national office

Ref document number: 1982901611

Country of ref document: EP