WO1982004169A1 - Sonorous card for numerical codification through telephone line - Google Patents

Sonorous card for numerical codification through telephone line

Info

Publication number
WO1982004169A1
WO1982004169A1 PCT/BR1982/000008 BR8200008W WO1982004169A1 WO 1982004169 A1 WO1982004169 A1 WO 1982004169A1 BR 8200008 W BR8200008 W BR 8200008W WO 1982004169 A1 WO1982004169 A1 WO 1982004169A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
card
telephone
sonorous
numerical
code
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/BR1982/000008
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Sa Ind Mecanica & Eletronica Schause
Original Assignee
Schause Donald Elmar
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M11/00Telephonic communication systems adapted for combination with other electrical systems
    • H04M11/06Simultaneous speech and telegraphic or other data transmission over the same conductors
    • H04M11/066Telephone sets adapted for data transmision

Abstract

A sonorous card or sonorous transmitter (1), electronic and connectable to a telephone mouthpiece, having internally and permanently recorded in its memory a code corresponding to the numerical code of its user, a numerical keyboard so that the user fingers his security code and the control number of the desired function, it emits sonorous pulses which are picked up by the telephonic cartridge transmitting them to other terminal where the receiver is connected (2) and decodifying them in digits on a numerical display (2-A) at any distance, being used for telephone calls to be paid by the card's user, request of bank account balance by telephone, shopping by telephone, etc.

Description

Descriptive Report of the Patent of Invention "SONOROUS CARD FOR NUMERICAL C0-- DIFICATION THROUGH TELEPHONE LINE".

All of us know that the modern technology ap- < plied to telecommunications, makes possible the transmission of information ' ** 5 through telephone, allowing the usage of frequency band of the voice for tranjs mission of information by means of a numerical codification.

By using the above-described technique and the mentioned transmission mean, this Patent of Invention is concerned to a sono - rous electronic device, which has the purpose to emit a numerical code through 10 a telephone line, being formed by a sonorous transmitter, in a shape of a card or other portable form and a receiver connected to a telephone line which ' receives the^signals emitted by the transmitter decoding them into numbers on a numerical display.

The sonorous card is connectable to a telepho- 15 nic mouth piece anda has an electric code internally and permanently recorded, which corresponds to the numerical code of the card.

The sonorous card receives a command and emits sonorous signals, transmitting therefore the signalling by telephone line ' through its transmitter cartridge. ' ZO. When,the receiver is connected to the telepho¬ nic terminal to which the telephone call was made, it receives the signalling transforming it into numerical code of the card in visible manner on a numeri¬ cal display.

The sonorous card is specifically a sound ' 25 transmitter, compactly built in the shape of a card, in order it can be carri¬ ed in the user's pocket, wallet, briefcase, etc.

The energy for the functioning of the card or sound transmitter is furnished by.batteries of that type used for watches and electronic calculators, with a duration of one year in virtue of the low ' 30 consumption of energy of the transmitter.

The numerical code is recorded in the form of Λ electric codification with permanent memory by the supplier company of sono¬ rous cards and there are no possibilities for the mentioned code be erased or modified by its user not even when the battery is discharged. 35 When the command is operated, the electric co¬ de, previously recorded, will control the oscillators which emit a sequence of tones that will be converted into sounds through an electric-acoustic transduc tor which is inside the sonorous card.

The transductor can be of the piezoelectric ty 40 pe because it has a low consumption of energy and high acoustic efficiency. - -

The method used for transmission of signals ' through a telephone line is that of the modulation by displacement of carrying frequency, called FSK (Frequency Shift Keying) or other similar method genera¬ lly used for transmission of information through telephone lines, considering that this method combines two tones or frequencies contained in the voice band and they represent in an adequate sequence a numerical signalling.

When the tones are in the audible band, the ' telephonic cartridge"picks up the sounds emitted by the card and converts them into electric signals which are transmitted to the other end of the line where the receiver is connected.

The receiver is connected to a telephonic ter¬ minal which is used to receive the user's code.

Upon receiving a telephone call, made by the ' card's user, from any other telephonic terminal, the receiver is prepared to decipher the signals emitted because it has a device for tone reconnaissance * and a decoder which converts the signalling into numbers shown on a numerical display which will identify the numerical emitted.

There is also in the receiver an identificati¬ on system of errors that verifies any error in the reception caused by noises in the telephone line or by sonorous interference in the telephone cartridge ' in which the signalling is being inserted.

The error verification is made by the compari¬ son of standardized signals which must follow the signalling, observing that ' if the standardized signals did not arrive in the adequate form, the receiver' will not show any numerical code, or shows an indication of incorrect code and in such case the user must transmit his code once again.

The numerical code of the card could be made up by the telephone number of the user, including his area code, which usually requires ten numbers, being seven numbers of the telephone and three of the ' area code. The codification can have a higher or lower number, evidently depe ding on the enumeration adopted.

Each number is codified in four states and ' each one of them can be in two conditions.

The combinations of the four-states represents sixteen numbers and as the numbers from 0 (zero) to 9 (nine) are interesting , six combinations will not be valid because they will be identified on the re¬ ceiving and will also contribute for error identification.

Eight control states are introduced into the signalling transmitted which are generated from the transmitted data and each state could be in two conditions being tested in the reception for verification of the errors. This technique of error detecting is usually called "Parity Ve¬ rification" and it is commonly used in data transmission.

The system of transmission and reception used in the sonorous card is planned to reject interferences that cause errors in ^ 5 the' identification of the code. However in the event of too intense interfere^ ce besides the rejection by the equipment, the system of error identification will reveal the failure classifying the errors in two categories, that is, low level errors and high level errors.

The low level errors are caused by interfere^ 10 ces in telephone line or by noises introduced into the telephone cartridge if the sonorous transmitter card is too far and the place of transmission is too noisy.

Evidently that within a certain tolerance, ' such interferences will be rejected, however, in case that it does not happen, 15 the transmitted message will be lost and the user would have to transmit it again.

Low level errors are not highly 'detrimental be cause the most that could occur would be the fact that the user would have to transmit his code again with a loss of time inferior to one second.. .20 High level errors are prejudicial to the sys - tern and are caused by a sonorous and electric casual interference, received by the receiver and presenting an incorrect code wich is highly detrimental but ' there is only a remote possibility of such occurrence.

The sonorous card is secure from message failjj 25 re or loss.

A message failure could cause the reception of a wrong code, which would incorrectly identify the user. Such problem is alrea^ dy minimized by the system of error identification- and could be totally solved with the emission of multiple messages. 30 Therefore, on operating the transmitter the ' user would send several times his code and the receiver would verify the coin¬ cidence of messages and so the possibility of any noise send a wrong code to "* the receiver would be eliminated.

The problem of loss of the card and its undue 35 use by another person is solved because there is in the card a numerical key - board and only its bearer knows his security code and can press it on the key¬ board.

Correct sonorous pulses will only be propaga - ted by the transmitter card if the correct security code is pressed on the nu-

40 merical keyboard.

If a incorrect security code is pressed on the -4- numerical keyboard the card will emit incorrect sonorous pulses which are not accepted by the receiver.

This characteristic is useful to make diffi - cult unauthorized persons to find out the security code. Therefore whenever a sequence of numbers is pressed down, the card will emit sonorous pulses, being impossible to diffe - rentiate by ear the correct sonorous pulses from the incorrect ones.

"THE SONOROUS CARD FOR NUMERICAL CODIFICATION

THROUGH TELEPHONE LINE" was planned in order to perform a series of functions with the aid of a telephone line, for example, telephone calls to be paid by the card's user, request of bank account balance by telephone, purchase by telephone, etc.

For each of such different functions there is a control number of function which will be pressed on the card by the user ' after having pressed down his security code. The control number of function ' will be interpreted where the receiver is placed.

Each user could have his card previously pro¬ grammed for one or more functions, being impossible its use in functions non- programmed since the card will not comply with the command. "THE SONOROUS CARD FOR NUMERICAL CODIFICATION

THROUGH TELEPHONE LINE" object of this Patent of Invention could be better ' understood through the annexed drawings, as follows:

Figure 1. It shows a schematic view of the * utilization of the sonorous card or sonorous transmitter (1) coupled to a ' telephone mouthpiece and emitting sonorous signals through the telephone line to the receiver (2) connected to the terminal to where the telephone call was made and that upon receiving the signalling converts it into a numerical code in a visible form on the numerical display (2-A). The sonorous card (1) has a numerical keyboard (3). Figure 2. It shows a diagram of blocks of the sonorous card or sonorous transmitter (1) with a numerical keyboard (3), iden_ tifier for correct code (4), controller (5), main oscillator (6), code regis¬ ter (7), tone generator (8), amplifier (9), transductor (10) and the telepho¬ ne mouthpiece where the sonorous card or sonorous transmitter is coupled. Figure 3. It shows a diagram of the blocks of the receiver (2) with the telephonic terminal where the receiver is connected, the amplifier (11), tone identifier (12), controller (13), main oscillator ( 14), decodifier (15), error identifier (16) and numerical display (2-A).

"THE SONOROUS CARD FOR NUMERICAL CODIFICATION TELEPHONE LINE" gives the identification of an electronic card and consequen- -5- tly its user through the numerical code of acoustic signals emitted by the ' card and detected and identified by a detector equipment, placed at any distaji ce through an acoustic communication channel, as the telephone. It is useful ' for telephone calls to be paid by the card's user, request of bank accounts ba^ lance by telephone, shopping by telephone, etc.

Claims

1. "THE SONOROUS CARD FOR NUMERICAL CODIFICATION THROUGH TELEPHONE LINE" is characterized as a sonorous card or sonorous transmitter (1} with reduced di¬ mensions, portable, connectable to a telephone mouthpiece, having internally * and permanently recorded in its memory an electric code corresponding to the numerical code of its user, a numerical keyboard (3) for its user recorde the digits of his security code, a receiver (2) attached to a telephone line which receiving the signals emitted by the transmitter (1) decodifies them in digits on a numerical display (2-A). It is useful for telephone calls to be paid by ' its user, request of bank account balance, shopping by telephone, etc., commaji ded in the numerical keyboard (3).
2. "THE SONOROUS CARD FOR NUMERICAL CODIFICATION THROUGH TELEPHONE LINE", ' according to the Claim 1, is characterized by a numerical keyboard (3) on the sonorous card or sonorous transmitter (1) to record the security code only ' known by its user and to record the control number of the desired function.
3. "THE SONOROUS CARD FOR NUMERICAL COFIGICATION THROUGH TELEPHONE LINE" , according to Claims 1 and 2, is characterized by correct sonorous pulses which are only generated by the transmitter card fl) if the correct security code is pressed on the numerical keyboard (3), and when an incorrect seccurity code is pressed on the numerical keyboard (3) the card will emit incorrect sonorous ' pulses and the receiver does not accept them (2),
4. "THE SONOROUS CARD FOR NUMERICAL CODIFICATION THROUGH TELEPHONE LINE" , according to the Claims 1 and 2, is characterized by the reason that only its user has his sonorous card (1) previously programmed to one or more functions being impossible to use it for functions nonprogrammed.
PCT/BR1982/000008 1981-05-21 1982-05-21 Sonorous card for numerical codification through telephone line WO1982004169A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
BR8103249810521 1981-05-21
BR8103249 1981-05-21

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1982004169A1 true true WO1982004169A1 (en) 1982-11-25

Family

ID=4028042

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/BR1982/000008 WO1982004169A1 (en) 1981-05-21 1982-05-21 Sonorous card for numerical codification through telephone line

Country Status (2)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0079347A1 (en)
WO (1) WO1982004169A1 (en)

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0289590A1 (en) * 1986-10-31 1988-11-09 Call-It Co. Portable electronic information card and communications system and method
EP0374012A1 (en) * 1988-12-07 1990-06-20 ETAT FRANCAIS représenté par le Ministre des Postes, Télécommunications et de l'Espace Authentication apparatus for an interactive server
WO1993003246A1 (en) * 1991-08-05 1993-02-18 Supra Products, Inc. Improved electronic security systems
US5245652A (en) * 1985-10-16 1993-09-14 Supra Products, Inc. Secure entry system with acoustically coupled telephone interface
US5475375A (en) * 1985-10-16 1995-12-12 Supra Products, Inc. Electronic access control systems
US5654696A (en) * 1985-10-16 1997-08-05 Supra Products, Inc. Method for transferring auxillary data using components of a secure entry system
FR2753859A1 (en) * 1996-09-25 1998-03-27 Fintel Sa Method and system for secures the services of operators of telecommunication
FR2753858A1 (en) * 1996-09-25 1998-03-27 Fintel Sa Method and system for telephone calls secures management centers
US6704715B1 (en) 1996-09-25 2004-03-09 Fintel S.A. Method and system for ensuring the security of the remote supply of services of financial institutions
US6904520B1 (en) 1996-09-25 2005-06-07 Fintel S.A. Method and system for ensuring the securing of computer servers of games
US6931527B1 (en) 1996-11-08 2005-08-16 Fintel S.A. Method and system for ensuring the security of fax transmission using an identifying card
US7032109B1 (en) 1996-09-25 2006-04-18 Fintel S.A. Method and system for ensuring the security of service supplies broadcast on a computer network of the internet type

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3614326A (en) * 1969-07-07 1971-10-19 Int Automated Electronics Corp Telephone actuated switch
US3725589A (en) * 1972-02-14 1973-04-03 M Golden Remote-control system for intelligence-recording apparatus with control tone eliminating switching
US3976840A (en) * 1975-07-14 1976-08-24 Spencer Cleveland Portable securities selector system
US3989637A (en) * 1975-06-02 1976-11-02 Monsanto Company Corrosion inhibitors and processes for using the same
US3992587A (en) * 1974-08-19 1976-11-16 National Data Corporation Remote data line monitor

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3614326A (en) * 1969-07-07 1971-10-19 Int Automated Electronics Corp Telephone actuated switch
US3725589A (en) * 1972-02-14 1973-04-03 M Golden Remote-control system for intelligence-recording apparatus with control tone eliminating switching
US3992587A (en) * 1974-08-19 1976-11-16 National Data Corporation Remote data line monitor
US3989637A (en) * 1975-06-02 1976-11-02 Monsanto Company Corrosion inhibitors and processes for using the same
US3976840A (en) * 1975-07-14 1976-08-24 Spencer Cleveland Portable securities selector system

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin, Volume 10, No. 3, issued August, 1967, M.F. DAVIS, Jr. and R.H.KOEPF, "Wallet Terminal Keyboard with Acqustic Coupler"(pages 188-189). *

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5475375A (en) * 1985-10-16 1995-12-12 Supra Products, Inc. Electronic access control systems
US5654696A (en) * 1985-10-16 1997-08-05 Supra Products, Inc. Method for transferring auxillary data using components of a secure entry system
US5245652A (en) * 1985-10-16 1993-09-14 Supra Products, Inc. Secure entry system with acoustically coupled telephone interface
EP0289590A1 (en) * 1986-10-31 1988-11-09 Call-It Co. Portable electronic information card and communications system and method
EP0289590A4 (en) * 1986-10-31 1989-08-22 Call It Co Portable electronic information card and communications system and method.
EP0374012A1 (en) * 1988-12-07 1990-06-20 ETAT FRANCAIS représenté par le Ministre des Postes, Télécommunications et de l'Espace Authentication apparatus for an interactive server
FR2640835A1 (en) * 1988-12-07 1990-06-22 France Etat An interactive server authentication
WO1993003246A1 (en) * 1991-08-05 1993-02-18 Supra Products, Inc. Improved electronic security systems
WO1998013990A2 (en) * 1996-09-25 1998-04-02 Fintel Method and system for ensuring the security of the supply of services of telecommunication operators
FR2753858A1 (en) * 1996-09-25 1998-03-27 Fintel Sa Method and system for telephone calls secures management centers
FR2753859A1 (en) * 1996-09-25 1998-03-27 Fintel Sa Method and system for secures the services of operators of telecommunication
WO1998013991A2 (en) * 1996-09-25 1998-04-02 Fintel Method and system for ensuring the security of telephone call management centres
WO1998013991A3 (en) * 1996-09-25 1998-05-07 Fintel Sa Method and system for ensuring the security of telephone call management centres
WO1998013990A3 (en) * 1996-09-25 1998-05-14 Fintel Sa Method and system for ensuring the security of the supply of services of telecommunication operators
US6377670B1 (en) 1996-09-25 2002-04-23 Fintel S.A. Method and system for ensuring the security of the supply of services of telecommunication operators
US6445780B1 (en) 1996-09-25 2002-09-03 Fintel S.A. Method and system for ensuring the security of telephone call management centers
US6704715B1 (en) 1996-09-25 2004-03-09 Fintel S.A. Method and system for ensuring the security of the remote supply of services of financial institutions
US6904520B1 (en) 1996-09-25 2005-06-07 Fintel S.A. Method and system for ensuring the securing of computer servers of games
US7032109B1 (en) 1996-09-25 2006-04-18 Fintel S.A. Method and system for ensuring the security of service supplies broadcast on a computer network of the internet type
US6931527B1 (en) 1996-11-08 2005-08-16 Fintel S.A. Method and system for ensuring the security of fax transmission using an identifying card

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP0079347A1 (en) 1983-05-25 application

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