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WO1982002448A1 - A rearview mirror having an electronic instrument display - Google Patents

A rearview mirror having an electronic instrument display

Info

Publication number
WO1982002448A1
WO1982002448A1 PCT/US1981/001663 US8101663W WO1982002448A1 WO 1982002448 A1 WO1982002448 A1 WO 1982002448A1 US 8101663 W US8101663 W US 8101663W WO 1982002448 A1 WO1982002448 A1 WO 1982002448A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
mirror
vehicle
housing
display
readout
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US1981/001663
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Chester Hackewicz
Original Assignee
Chester Hackewicz
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C5/00Registering or indicating the working of vehicles
    • G07C5/08Registering or indicating performance data other than driving, working, idle, or waiting time, with or without registering driving, working, idle or waiting time
    • G07C5/0816Indicating performance data, e.g. occurrence of a malfunction
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS, IN VEHICLES
    • B60K35/00Arrangement of adaptations of instruments
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R1/00Optical viewing arrangements
    • B60R1/12Mirror assemblies combined with other articles, e.g. clocks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R1/00Optical viewing arrangements
    • B60R1/12Mirror assemblies combined with other articles, e.g. clocks
    • B60R2001/1215Mirror assemblies combined with other articles, e.g. clocks with information displays
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R1/00Optical viewing arrangements
    • B60R1/12Mirror assemblies combined with other articles, e.g. clocks
    • B60R2001/1246Mirror assemblies combined with other articles, e.g. clocks with clocks

Abstract

Automotive instruments have traditionally been located in the dashboard about the steering column generally outside the driver's peripheral vision. To see them the driver must take his or her eyes off the road. A novel rearview mirror (13) has an electronic instrument display incorporated into it so that the driver may receive driving information without removing his or her eyes from the road. A speedometer (14), odometer (16), and fuel gauge (15) are easily placed on the mirror (13) so that readouts display through unsilvered portions. 'Trip log' functions (18) and other displays (17, 21 and 22) may also be incorporated. A microprocessor (20) conveniently processes data input and controls the displays.

Description

A REARVIEW MIRROR HAVING AN ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENT DISPLAY

Technical Field

This invention relates to a novel rearview mirror which incorporates into it all or most of the instrument readouts desired in automobiles, trucks, or other similar vehicles. Electronic components, such as microprocessors and LEDs, are mounted behind the usual mirror for the vehicle. Signals are displayed through unsilvered portions of the mirror.

Background Art

In Canadian Patent 1,063,695, Litman discloses a rearview mirror for a motor vehicle which incorporates repeater lamps connected to the direction indicator system for the vehicle. This arrangement provides greater encouragement for a driver to use the rearview mirror and direction indicators, thereby reducing automobile accidents. Litman also discloses means to prevent the repeater lamps from dazzling the driver in low levels of general light.

The Litman mirror is a safety advance which merely brushes the surface of available alterations to the interior of a vehicle. Traditionally, automotive instruments have been located in the dashboard about the steering column. The practice arose out of necessity for mounting instruments where they would be visible and rigidly attached. However, continued location in this area hinders safety. The instruments generally are outside the driver's peripheral vision. To see them, the driver must take his or her eyes off the road, at least for an instant. The Litman patent discloses that turn signal indicator lamps can be placed behind the mirror reflective surface. However, the patent does not teach the need for multiple conventional dashboard instrumentation at this more desirable eye level location. As highl ighted at pages 45-48 of the De cemb e r , 1980, edition of Radio-Electronics, electronics are quickly replacing mechanical and electromechanical instrumentation in a dashboard. Much more information is available in easily read displays, thanks to these advances. However, it is recognized that the displays are still located out of the driver's field of view. Hope lies with heads-up displays used in military jet aircraft. By moving the readouts to the rearview mirror, the desired result may easily be achieved today.

Disclosure of Invention

A novel feature of this invention is its incorpor- ation of an electronic instrument display for travel infor- mation, such as speed, mileage, or fuel, within a rearview mirror to bring the display into the peripheral vision of the driver while he or she looks straight ahead and to remove the clutter from about the steering column so that additional safety improvements can be made to the dashboar area. Preferably, the mirror contains all the essentia components for the several readouts commonly 'housed in the dashboard. Microprocessors are small enough today to fit within a mirror housing. Sensors about the vehicle need be the only devices outside the mirror. Alternatively, the mirror may have only the readout electronics, such as LED's, with the processing devices mounted elsewhere in the vehicle.

The mirror has a housing which is attachable to the vehicle, either to the frame or to the windshield. The housing holds a mirror and several instrument displays, such as odometers, speedometers, fuel gauges, systems warnings, and turn signal indicators. Preferably the readouts are placed behind unsilvered portions about the periphery of the mirror. A microprocessor preferably is mounted in the housing to process signals and to display the information on the readouts. Means for electrical communication run from the electronic components in the housing to the vehicle. For mirrors glued to the windshield, the means for communication include a plurality of wires encapsulated in a transparent film, such as Mylar, which is glued to the windshield also . Conventional wiring processors and sensors are found in the vehicle frame. The mirror may also have trip log function readouts or a common readout with switches for the various functions.

These and other novel features of the present invention will be apparent from the following description, which is given by way of example of a preferred embodiment.

Brief Description of the Drawings

Figure 1 is a schematic of a rearview mirror having an electronic instrument display.

Figure 2 is a partially sectional schematic similar to Figure 1 showing a microprocessor mounted behind the partially silvered mirror.

Best Mode for Carrying Out the Invention

Referring now to Fig. 1, a rearview mirror which incorporates the novel features of this invention is schematically shown. The mirror has a housing 10 which is attachable by suitable means 11 to the frame or windshield of the vehicle. Means for electrical communication 12 extend from the electrical components in the mirror to suitable wiring in the vehicle, which runs to the ordinary sensors for travel information. Preferably, this means 12 includes a plurality of connecting wires of small diameter, arranged in ribbon form and encapsulated in a transparent plastic film (as shown in Fig. 2). Mounted in the housing 10 is a mirror 13 which has unsilvered portions. Signal lights, repeater lamps, or LEDs mounted behind the unsilvered portions emit light which is visible through the mirror 13. Preferably, these unsilvered portions are arranged about the periphery of the mirror 13 so that they do not impair its ordinary function. Alternately, the readouts may be placed around the housing of the mirror or on the glass of the mirror. As an example of the display possible. Fig. shows a digital speedometer 14 in the lower lefthand corner, an electronic fuel gauge 15 in the upper lefthand corner, digital odometer 16 in the upper center, systems warning lights 17, such as battery, oil, brakes, or seatbelts, along the right edge, and a digital readout 18 in the lower center. Arrayed along the bottom of the mirror are separately identified push-button switches 19 controlling a micropro- cessor 20 (Fig. 2) to permit display of various "trip log" functions in the readout 18. Preferably, the switches are lighted so that they are identifiable at night. The odometer 16, speedometer 14, and fuel gauge 15 may have individual microprocessors if space permits, or all of the readouts in the mirror may share one microprocessor 20 (Fig. 2). The intensity of light from the displays is controlled with a screw dimmer switch 23. Furthermore, a turn signal indicator 21 and a hi-low beam indicator 22 may be placed at a convenient place in the mirror. The microprocessors might just as easily be placed elsewhere in the vehicle, with only the readout components, such as the LEDs, in the mirror.

The odometer 16 preferably features a permanent semiconductor memory capable of extended data retention even with power removed. Thus, if the battery fails, the accumulated mileage will not be lost.

Incorporated 'by reference as part of this description, M. B. Weinsteins's article entitled "Electronics your next car," Radio-Electronics, December, 1980, pp. 45-48, discusses the state of the art in electronic displays as well as the numerous options available. Especially relevant is the discussion of "trip log" functions, such as distance traveled, elapsed time, average speed, estimated time of arrival, and distance to destination.

The mirror may also incorporate a clock, if desired. The clock may be made a part of the "trip log" functions whereby display of the time would appear only on selection, or a separate digital readout may be included in the mirror. In some circumstances, microtransmitters and microreceivers may be used to communicate between the mirror's readouts and the vehicle's sensors. Medical technology has recently developed these small components, although their use should be avoided if interference causes the transmission to be garbled.

Those skilled in the art will recognize numerous modifications to the preferred embodiment shown and described. Therefore, this invention should not be limited unless limitation is necessary due to the prior art or the nature and spirit of the appended claims.

Claims

ClaimsI claim:
1. A rearview mirror having an electronic instrument display in it for use in an automobile, truck, or similar vehicle, comprising:
(a) a housing attachable to the vehicle;
(b) a mirror attached to the housing for rear viewing;
(c) a readout for indicating travel information attached to the housing; and
(d) means for electrical communication between the vehicle and the readout.
2. The mirror of claim 1 wherein the readout is behind an unsilvered portion of the mirror.
3. The mirror of claim 1 wherein the readout is speedometer.
4. A rearview mirror having an electronic instrument display in it for use in an automobile, truck, or similar vehicle, comprising:
(a) a housing attachable to the vehicle;
(b) a mirror attached to the housing for rear viewing; (c) a speedometer readout attached to the housing; (d) an odometer readout attached to the housing;
(e) a fuel gauge attached to the housing; and
(f) means for electrical communication between the vehicle and the readouts in the housing.
5. The mirror of claim 4 wherein the three readouts are behind unsilvered portions of the mirror.
6. The mirror of claim 5, further comprising a microprocessor mounted in the housing to process information and to display it in the several readouts.
7. The mirror of claim 5 or claim 6, further comprising systems warning lights behind unsilvered portions.
8. The mirror of claim 4, further comprising a digital readout for trip log functions and switches to change the display readout for the functions.
9. The mirror of claim 6, further comprising a digital readout for trip log functions and switches to change the display readout for the functions.
10. The mirror of claim 9, further comprising systems warning lights behind unsilvered portions.
11. The mirror of claim 10, further comprising turn signal indicators behind unsilvered portions of the mirror.
12. The mirror of claim 11, further comprising hi-low beam indicators for the vehicle behind an unsilvered portion of the mirror.
13. The mirror of claim 4 wherein the odometer has a permanent semiconductor memory capable of extended data retention even with power removed.
14. The mirror of claim 1, claim 4, or claim 13 wherein the means for electrical communication have a plurality of wires encapsulated in a transparent film.
15. The mirror of claim 4 wherein the several readouts have LEDs for digital displays.
PCT/US1981/001663 1981-01-09 1981-12-14 A rearview mirror having an electronic instrument display WO1982002448A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US22381981 true 1981-01-09 1981-01-09
US223819810109 1981-01-09

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1982002448A1 true true WO1982002448A1 (en) 1982-07-22

Family

ID=22838090

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/US1981/001663 WO1982002448A1 (en) 1981-01-09 1981-12-14 A rearview mirror having an electronic instrument display

Country Status (2)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0069143A1 (en)
WO (1) WO1982002448A1 (en)

Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2525789A1 (en) * 1982-04-21 1983-10-28 Fiat Auto Spa Device for detection and display of the travel parameters for a motor vehicle
EP0635395A1 (en) * 1993-07-09 1995-01-25 HOHE GmbH & Co. KG Information unit in a motor vehicle
EP0667254A1 (en) * 1994-02-10 1995-08-16 Donnelly Corporation Vehicle information display
US5820245A (en) * 1995-12-11 1998-10-13 Donnelly Corporation Rearview mirror assembly
US5871251A (en) * 1996-03-14 1999-02-16 Prince Corporation Visor display
US6000823A (en) * 1995-12-11 1999-12-14 Donnelly Mirrors Limited Rearview mirror assembly
FR2783036A1 (en) * 1998-09-09 2000-03-10 Honda Motor Co Ltd Light panel assembly and configuration that reduces the levels of reflected light particularly for use with motorcycle display panels
EP0937601A3 (en) * 1998-02-18 2000-11-08 Donnelly Corporation Rearview mirror assembly incorporating vehicle information display
US6167255A (en) * 1998-07-29 2000-12-26 @Track Communications, Inc. System and method for providing menu data using a communication network
US6222460B1 (en) 1998-02-18 2001-04-24 Donnelly Corporation Interior rearview mirror system incorporating a supplemental inflatable restraint system status information display
US6329925B1 (en) 1999-11-24 2001-12-11 Donnelly Corporation Rearview mirror assembly with added feature modular display
US6405033B1 (en) 1998-07-29 2002-06-11 Track Communications, Inc. System and method for routing a call using a communications network
US6428172B1 (en) 1999-11-24 2002-08-06 Donnelly Corporation Rearview mirror assembly with utility functions
US6535743B1 (en) 1998-07-29 2003-03-18 Minorplanet Systems Usa, Inc. System and method for providing directions using a communication network
US6648477B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2003-11-18 Donnelly Corporation Rearview mirror assembly with information display
US6857194B2 (en) 1999-05-27 2005-02-22 Johnson Controls Technology Company Vehicle compass system with continuous automatic calibration
US6870655B1 (en) 1998-10-14 2005-03-22 Gentex Corporation Rearview mirror with display
US6902284B2 (en) 1999-11-24 2005-06-07 Donnelly Corporation Interior rearview mirror system including a pendent accessory
US7224324B2 (en) 2000-03-27 2007-05-29 Donnelly Corporation Interactive automotive rearvision system
US7427150B2 (en) 1999-05-14 2008-09-23 Gentex Corporation Rearview mirror assembly including a multi-functional light module
US8833987B2 (en) 2005-09-14 2014-09-16 Donnelly Corporation Mirror reflective element sub-assembly for exterior rearview mirror of a vehicle
US8884788B2 (en) 1998-04-08 2014-11-11 Donnelly Corporation Automotive communication system
US8908039B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2014-12-09 Donnelly Corporation Vehicular video mirror system
US9014966B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2015-04-21 Magna Electronics Inc. Driver assist system for vehicle
US9019091B2 (en) 1999-11-24 2015-04-28 Donnelly Corporation Interior rearview mirror system
US9073491B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2015-07-07 Donnelly Corporation Exterior rearview mirror assembly
US9090211B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2015-07-28 Donnelly Corporation Variable reflectance mirror reflective element for exterior mirror assembly
EP2996101A1 (en) * 2014-09-12 2016-03-16 Continental Automotive GmbH Driver assistance system, method for assisting a driver during a parking manoeuvre and program product
US9352623B2 (en) 2001-01-23 2016-05-31 Magna Electronics Inc. Trailer hitching aid system for vehicle
US9557584B2 (en) 2003-05-19 2017-01-31 Donnelly Corporation Rearview mirror assembly for vehicle
US9809171B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2017-11-07 Magna Electronics Inc. Vision system for vehicle

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US4035764A (en) * 1974-05-16 1977-07-12 Nippon Soken, Inc. Combination meter for automobile
US4109235A (en) * 1971-10-29 1978-08-22 Regie Nationale Des Usines Renault Electronic-display instrument panels for automotive vehicles
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US4109235A (en) * 1971-10-29 1978-08-22 Regie Nationale Des Usines Renault Electronic-display instrument panels for automotive vehicles
US4035764A (en) * 1974-05-16 1977-07-12 Nippon Soken, Inc. Combination meter for automobile
US4031363A (en) * 1976-05-17 1977-06-21 General Time Corporation Display apparatus for automotive vehicles
GB2048532A (en) * 1979-05-04 1980-12-10 Bosch Gmbh Robert Travel data computer for vehicles

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Cited By (64)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2525789A1 (en) * 1982-04-21 1983-10-28 Fiat Auto Spa Device for detection and display of the travel parameters for a motor vehicle
US5576687A (en) * 1991-12-20 1996-11-19 Donnelly Corporation Vehicle information display
US5708410A (en) * 1991-12-20 1998-01-13 Donnelly Corporation Vehicle information display
EP0635395A1 (en) * 1993-07-09 1995-01-25 HOHE GmbH & Co. KG Information unit in a motor vehicle
US5631638A (en) * 1993-07-09 1997-05-20 Hohe Gmbh & Co.Kg. Information system in a motor vehicle
EP0667254A1 (en) * 1994-02-10 1995-08-16 Donnelly Corporation Vehicle information display
US6183119B1 (en) 1995-12-11 2001-02-06 Donnelly Corporation Lighted vehicular mirror assembly
US5820245A (en) * 1995-12-11 1998-10-13 Donnelly Corporation Rearview mirror assembly
US6000823A (en) * 1995-12-11 1999-12-14 Donnelly Mirrors Limited Rearview mirror assembly
US5871251A (en) * 1996-03-14 1999-02-16 Prince Corporation Visor display
US5927792A (en) * 1996-03-14 1999-07-27 Prince Corporation Visor display
US6642851B2 (en) 1998-02-18 2003-11-04 Donnelly Corporation Interior rearview mirror system incorporating a directional information display
US7012543B2 (en) 1998-02-18 2006-03-14 Donnelly Corporation Rearview mirror assembly incorporating accessories
US7468651B2 (en) 1998-02-18 2008-12-23 Donnelly Corporation Interior mirror system
US6222460B1 (en) 1998-02-18 2001-04-24 Donnelly Corporation Interior rearview mirror system incorporating a supplemental inflatable restraint system status information display
US6326900B2 (en) 1998-02-18 2001-12-04 Donnelly Corporation Interior rearview mirror system incorporating a light-emitting information display
US6483438B2 (en) 1998-02-18 2002-11-19 Donnelly Corporation Rearview mirror assembly incorporating electrical accessories
US6366213B2 (en) 1998-02-18 2002-04-02 Donnelly Corporation Rearview mirror assembly incorporating electrical accessories
EP0937601A3 (en) * 1998-02-18 2000-11-08 Donnelly Corporation Rearview mirror assembly incorporating vehicle information display
US6774810B2 (en) 1998-02-18 2004-08-10 Donnelly Corporation Rearview mirror assembly incorporating supplemental inflatable restraint system status information display
US9481306B2 (en) 1998-04-08 2016-11-01 Donnelly Corporation Automotive communication system
US9221399B2 (en) 1998-04-08 2015-12-29 Magna Mirrors Of America, Inc. Automotive communication system
US8884788B2 (en) 1998-04-08 2014-11-11 Donnelly Corporation Automotive communication system
US6535743B1 (en) 1998-07-29 2003-03-18 Minorplanet Systems Usa, Inc. System and method for providing directions using a communication network
US6405033B1 (en) 1998-07-29 2002-06-11 Track Communications, Inc. System and method for routing a call using a communications network
US6167255A (en) * 1998-07-29 2000-12-26 @Track Communications, Inc. System and method for providing menu data using a communication network
FR2783036A1 (en) * 1998-09-09 2000-03-10 Honda Motor Co Ltd Light panel assembly and configuration that reduces the levels of reflected light particularly for use with motorcycle display panels
US6870655B1 (en) 1998-10-14 2005-03-22 Gentex Corporation Rearview mirror with display
US7427150B2 (en) 1999-05-14 2008-09-23 Gentex Corporation Rearview mirror assembly including a multi-functional light module
US6857194B2 (en) 1999-05-27 2005-02-22 Johnson Controls Technology Company Vehicle compass system with continuous automatic calibration
US9019091B2 (en) 1999-11-24 2015-04-28 Donnelly Corporation Interior rearview mirror system
US7012727B2 (en) 1999-11-24 2006-03-14 Donnelly Corporation Rearview mirror assembly with utility functions
EP1103421A3 (en) * 1999-11-24 2004-01-02 Donnelly Corporation Rearview mirror assembly with modular display
US9827918B2 (en) 1999-11-24 2017-11-28 Donnelly Corporation Forward facing imaging system
US6902284B2 (en) 1999-11-24 2005-06-07 Donnelly Corporation Interior rearview mirror system including a pendent accessory
US6501387B2 (en) 1999-11-24 2002-12-31 Donnelly Corporation Rearview mirror assembly with added feature modular display
US7488080B2 (en) 1999-11-24 2009-02-10 Donnelly Corporation Information display system for a vehicle
US6756912B2 (en) 1999-11-24 2004-06-29 Donnelly Corporation Information display system for a vehicle
US6428172B1 (en) 1999-11-24 2002-08-06 Donnelly Corporation Rearview mirror assembly with utility functions
US9376061B2 (en) 1999-11-24 2016-06-28 Donnelly Corporation Accessory system of a vehicle
US6329925B1 (en) 1999-11-24 2001-12-11 Donnelly Corporation Rearview mirror assembly with added feature modular display
US9278654B2 (en) 1999-11-24 2016-03-08 Donnelly Corporation Interior rearview mirror system for vehicle
US9783114B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2017-10-10 Donnelly Corporation Vehicular video mirror system
US9809168B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2017-11-07 Magna Electronics Inc. Driver assist system for vehicle
US8908039B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2014-12-09 Donnelly Corporation Vehicular video mirror system
US9315151B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2016-04-19 Magna Electronics Inc. Driver assist system for vehicle
US9809171B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2017-11-07 Magna Electronics Inc. Vision system for vehicle
US9014966B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2015-04-21 Magna Electronics Inc. Driver assist system for vehicle
US7224324B2 (en) 2000-03-27 2007-05-29 Donnelly Corporation Interactive automotive rearvision system
US6648477B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2003-11-18 Donnelly Corporation Rearview mirror assembly with information display
US9352623B2 (en) 2001-01-23 2016-05-31 Magna Electronics Inc. Trailer hitching aid system for vehicle
US9694749B2 (en) 2001-01-23 2017-07-04 Magna Electronics Inc. Trailer hitching aid system for vehicle
US9341914B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2016-05-17 Donnelly Corporation Variable reflectance mirror reflective element for exterior mirror assembly
US9073491B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2015-07-07 Donnelly Corporation Exterior rearview mirror assembly
US9545883B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2017-01-17 Donnelly Corporation Exterior rearview mirror assembly
US9878670B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2018-01-30 Donnelly Corporation Variable reflectance mirror reflective element for exterior mirror assembly
US9090211B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2015-07-28 Donnelly Corporation Variable reflectance mirror reflective element for exterior mirror assembly
US9557584B2 (en) 2003-05-19 2017-01-31 Donnelly Corporation Rearview mirror assembly for vehicle
US9783115B2 (en) 2003-05-19 2017-10-10 Donnelly Corporation Rearview mirror assembly for vehicle
US9694753B2 (en) 2005-09-14 2017-07-04 Magna Mirrors Of America, Inc. Mirror reflective element sub-assembly for exterior rearview mirror of a vehicle
US9045091B2 (en) 2005-09-14 2015-06-02 Donnelly Corporation Mirror reflective element sub-assembly for exterior rearview mirror of a vehicle
US8833987B2 (en) 2005-09-14 2014-09-16 Donnelly Corporation Mirror reflective element sub-assembly for exterior rearview mirror of a vehicle
US9758102B1 (en) 2005-09-14 2017-09-12 Magna Mirrors Of America, Inc. Mirror reflective element sub-assembly for exterior rearview mirror of a vehicle
EP2996101A1 (en) * 2014-09-12 2016-03-16 Continental Automotive GmbH Driver assistance system, method for assisting a driver during a parking manoeuvre and program product

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