USRE9312E - Passenger-register - Google PatentsPassenger-register Download PDF
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- USRE9312E USRE9312E US RE9312 E USRE9312 E US RE9312E
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J-. ByBENTON, Asslgnor, by mesne assignments, to THE RAILWAY REGISTER Mmumc'rumus COMPANY.
Passenger Register. No. 9,312. Reissued July 20,1880.
1.1V V E./\/ TOR I rgm 3196mm, By his Attorneys I 7 5 Sheet-
J. B. BENTON, Assigno'r, by mesne assignments, to THE RAILWAY REGISTER MANUFACTURING 001mm;
0 8 8 0 2 W U v d le u 8 s 8'' g R r e g n e s S ow
P 2 3 9 o N WITNESSES By his , dtfbrneys 5 Sheets-Sheet. 3. J. ,B.- BENTON, Assignor, by mesne assignments, to THE RAILWAY REGISTER Muumc'ruamu COIPAHY.
No. 9,312. Reissu ed July 20,1880.
Sheet 4. J. B. BENTON, Y
Assignor, by means assignments, to THE RAILWAY REGISTER MAmImc'rbmnG COMPANY.
v I Passenger Register. No. 9,312. Reissued July 20,1880.
WITNESSES INVENTOR By his .dthn-ney v rBBenz-ow:
Sheet 5. J. B. BENTON,
Assignor, by mesne assignments, to THE RAILWAY REGISTER MANUEAGTURING COMPANY. Passenger Register. v No. 9,312. Reissued July 20, I880.
F 9, Q65 6 j t\ t WITNESSES [ JV'VEJVTOR 1 other class in which duplex registers simulta PATENT OFF CE,
JOHN B. BENTON, or New YORK, ASSIGNOR, 'BY MESNE ASSIGNMENT, TO, THE RAILWAX REGISTER MANUFACTURING COMPANY, or BUFFALO,
SPECIFIGATIONformin'g part of Reissued Letters Patent"N0.. 9,312, dated July 20, 1880. Original No. 167.057, dated August 24, 1875. Application for reissue filed January 558, 1880.
panying drawings, making part of this speci- I I 7 consecutive trips.
tication. V v
My invention relates more especially to the '15 classof' counting-machines or registers which embody in their organization two sets of registering mechanism operated simultaneously,
, or nearly so, to record or register the number of fares taken from passengers while riding in or. upon street-cars or other public vehicles or conveyances, one Ot'said mechanisms being for the purpose of registering continuously a large number of fares or the fares consecutively received on a large number of trips of the car or vehicle, and incapable of being set to zero or the starting-point at will, now coinmonly called a general, continuous, or
permanent register, while the other of said registers is for the purpose oi registering the number of fares receiyed upon each separate trip, or in some comparz'itivelyshortinterval of time of travel only, ot' the car or vehicle,
and capable of being readily set to zero or they;
starting-point at the l'reginning of each trip or stated time, now commonly called a trip index or register.
,1 will here at the outset distinguish or dis" criminate registers of the class to which my;
invention,belongs from those of a certain neonsly operated are also employed. -l) uplex machines of the class to which my invention belongs have two registering meclr-fl anisms simultaneously operated, as before; ,f' stated, each of said mechanisms being capa-f ble of showing at the same time, after under-2' goinga series of actuations, the tptalor' agf gregate of, the numbers counted or fares re-g DIVISION A.
ceived-that is to say, each register shows-as the-count proceeds an increase of one for every actuation of a COIlllIlOlll l'llIlB mover or actu- I ator, whereby, during the trip of a car or ve hicle or stated interval of time, each register recordsthe same number of fares and acts as and constitutes a check upon the other, and this with the capacity of one of said registers to be returned to zero or the starting-point a t pleasure, while the other Ofsaid registers is incapable of adjustment and continuously counts the fares received upon a number of 6 lnthe'ot her class of said duplexregisters. (which difl'er radically and substantially from the class to which mine'belongs in construe tion, mode of operation, and function or capability) the two registers are simultaneously operated at each actuation of a common prime mover or actuator; but each register is'capable of showing at thesame' time the number or count made for one actuation only, one of said registers only, in other words, being capable of registering consecutively and of maintaining the count made with an increase at every new actuation, while the other of 'said registers shows but momentarily the count or increase thereof'made upon the other register for one actuation, being automatically returned at the finish of each actuation to its zero-point, whereby it will be seen that the register which is, incapable ofconsecutive 8o counting or of maintaining the count made and of increasing it with each successive actuation does not constitute a continuous cheek upon the'otlier register, nor is, by such a construction and OIgitIllZlltlOll, a duplex register obtained in whichtworegistering mechanisms are capable, whenact'uated, of showing each at the, same time the total or aggregate of a. se-
, l'les of actuations the; advantages andneces- I 1 *sity of which'i-n far registering machines are ,now established; n
improvefd're gister embodies in its organization and construction an alarmfapparatns, and also athirdindex or rcgisteripg echanism tOihdic-atethe' number-of timestl e'trip-regis- 9 ter is tnrnedor brought to the'zerqor starting [0 ceiver of the fares, to which manipulations, as
far as I am aware, all duplex fare-registers constructed or proposed to be constructed prior to my invention were more or less llable; and to this end my invention consists of 1 certain new combinations and organizations of devices which are pointed out at the close of this specification. j 4 w The accompanying drawings represent all my said new combinations of mechanism as embodied in one machine in the best way known to me at the date of filing the application for my original patent.
Figure 1 represents a front view of the ma chine ready for operation. Fig. 2 is a plan of the machine, showing'th'e internal partsthere- 0t. Fig. 3 is a view'similar'to the one shown in Fig. 2, with an addition of operating connections and handles for operating the machine. Fig.4 is a broken verticaland sec- 0 tional viewJejiresenting some of the working parts. Fig. 5 is a broken view, showing the position of the-actuating-pawl and its connection with the ratchet-wheel. Fig. (Irepresents amodification of Fig. 3, showing how the register can be operated by cords and pulleys.
Fig. 7. is a front view of the machine, showing two auxiliary dials or detecters. Fig.8 is a vertical section through Fig. 7. Fig. 9 is a detached sectional view of a portion of the mechanism shown in Fig. 8. i Fig. 10 is alongit'udinal section through a street-car, showing the position of the register and the rod- (mnne'ction for operating it; Fig. 11, an inside view of the end of the car with the register- 5 ing-instrument in position and connected to the operating-rod bymeans of suitable levers or jointed connections. I Fig. 12 is a sectional view through the casing of the register, showing the manner of attaching myimproved ap 5o paratus in a-slationary position in the car.
Fig. 13 is a cross-section of the operating-rod and elevation of one of its supports and levers. Fig. 14 shows a wrench for operating the actuating-rod. Fig. 15'is across-section through a portion of the trip-register mechanism; and
- Fig. '16 is an elevation of apiu or lever to act-' uate the operating-rod by inserting it in a hole or holes arranged at convenient distances along said rod.
My improved register resembles in its general features the one shown in Letters Patent of the United States granted April 27, 1875, to Hamilton E. Towle and myself jointly, as- No. 162,717, and constitutes an improvement more especially upon the mechanism and organization of parts shown in that patent, as
well as upon that shown in the Deschamps patent of 1854.
The casing A of the registering mechanism is shown as consisting of abase or back plate. a, a ring,or band, a, constituting the sides of the casing, and a glass face-plate or covering, a, through which to read or inspect the registering mechanism inclosedand protected by the casing.
A shaft or axle, B, is mounted centrally in the casing, at rear in the base or back plate, and in front in a suitable cross-bani), extending across the diameter otithe machine and supported by
suitable posts 0, risingfrom said base-plate, and is capable of turning freely in its bearings. An actuating ratchet-wheel, D,-
provided with (in this instance)" one hundred teeth in its circumference, is mounted'npon the shaft B, and is acted upon by an actuating-pawl, c, carriedby a pivo ed lever, prime mover, or ac tuator,-E,- the outer end of which actuator constitutes or is connected with a handle by which to operate the register. The
shaft B carries near its outer front end.and between a graduated dial-plate, F, and the glass face-plate or cover of the casing, two in 'dex hands or pointers, G H, the one G being firmly and immovably fixed to theshaft, while the one H is connected therewith by a friction-sleeve, h, which nearly. surrounds the shaft, and is itself surrounded by a claspingspring, i. This spring is smaller than the diameterof the sleeve, and when placed thereon contracts the sleeve, thereby causing it to hold firmly to the shaft, thus securing a constant, eve'n,'andany desired amount of tension or friction. (See Figs. 8, 9, and 15.) L
The index or-pointer G constitutes, in connection with its actuating mechanism and dial, the permanent or general register, while the hand or pointer H constitutes, in connection with the actuating mechanism and dial, the trip index or register, the general register being incapable of resetting, except by working it continuously around, while the trip-register may be turned to zero at will, owing to its frictional connection with the shaft B of the register, by means of a suitable key or implement, independently of the prime mover or actuator of the machine.
, The shaft: B is inade to rotate in its bearings at.'each actuation of the lever or actuator IE, not by direct pulls given the lever, as in the Towle and Benton patent, aforesaid; but upon the back movement or stroke of said actuator by means of a spring, D',placed under tension by the movement of the lever im pellcd by the hand in one. direction, the register being actuated upon the return movement of the lever in the other direction by the accumulated force of said spring.
In Fig. 2 the actuating-lever is shown as pivoted at j, and as provided with a bent or angular end for the actuating-spring to act upon, said spring being coiled around the post (1, with one of its ends, 11, resting against the stop b, while the other,'d, presses against the end of the lever, the range of movement of said lever beinglimited by two stops or shoulders, 9- v In Figs. 3,'4, and 8 the actuating-lever is shown as centered upon the shaft B, with the actuating-spring'D' coiledaround the shaft, and having one of its ends, d, resting against the stop-baud the other against or fastened to the lever. The spring, in this latter example, also exert-s tension or force in a direc- ,-ttionfto thrast -the-ratchet-wheel 'D upward against the
crossbar 0, in order, by the triction thnsobtained,to prevent the wheel being carried too far forward when impelled by the spring to actuate the register. (See Figs.4 and 8.)
In order to prevent back movement of the ratchet-wheel D, a locking-pawl, I, is pivoted tothe casing and engages with the teeth of the wheel, the pawl permitting forward movement of the wheel, but looking it against'back rotation. A spring wire or shank, k, is secured to the pawl l, and terminates in aball or hammer,.k', to strike a bell, J. during the actuation of the ratchet-wheel and rise and fall of the pawl, the hammer being caused, for every acttuation of the wheel and rise and fall of the pawl, to sound an alarm by means of a spring, l, connected with the hammer or pawl in a well-known way. I 1
Thespring, l ofcourse tends tokeep the pawl I always in properlcontnet with-thence uating-wheel, while the
spring 1 serves the same purpose for the actuating-pawl e.
In order to give the permanent register the capacity of continuously registering a large number of fares, i add, in this instance, a register wheel or disk, L, which indicates the numher of times that the index-fingerG passes the.
century-point on the dial-plate Ffwhich dialpla-te is provided with one hundred graduations, corresponding to the number of teeth in the wheel I), and is common to the indexhands of the machine-that is to say, the dial and with a corresponding number of teeth or' notches in its circumference,- whereby the continnously-counting register, infihis instance,
has, the capacity of registeri n g two thousand flVeJlillllilQtiiittlfiS, the wheel h being turned onerpoint at each revolution ofthe shaft B,
and its actuating ratchet-wheel D. by a tooth or projeetionmnon said shaft, which tooth engages the teeth in the wheel, asis well understood. e v
The wheel L preferably operates on theprina cipleofthewell-known GenevastopJin order to keep the wheel locked in position when not engaged by the tooth m. e 2 'lo'avoid confusion and error in observing the numerals upon the disk L (which are read or inspected through an opening, f, in the dialplate F) during the engagement of the tooth and while the disk L is 'in motion, a. coverplate or guard, M, is employed and centered with the disk L, and so formed on its end next disk it also carries with it the; guard-plate M until the tooth escapes and allows the spring an lvatthe. same-time expose'the next higher and advanced numeral, which is read through an opening in the guard-plate. The movement With the exception of the feature of operating the instrument on the back-stroke,-which, however, [do not broadly claim as of my in vention,the-mechanism so far described is substantially similar to that shown in the ,Towle and Benton patent aforesaid.
By pulling upon thelever oractuator to rock it on its pivot the actuating-pawl eis carried back over one tooth of the wheel,,which is held from back action by the retainingpawl I. On releasing the lever it is immediately carries with it theratchet-wheeLD the distance of one tooth, and consequently registers one point on the dial by both permanent and trip hands, the pawl I also being caused to suweeding one with sufficientmomentum to ring the bell, through the hammer k, at the same instant that the tripand permanent registers move forward one point, the alarm being sounded, it should be understood, each tilnea registration is made or effected.
At the endot' the trip, it less than one hundred fare-shave been registereththe trip hand or index is turned forward tozero orthe starting-point by'hand, independently of the actuatoror prime mover, to begin a new trip, while the permanentlnnnl maintains the count al-v ready made, being nil-adjustable.
In order to give the trip-register the capacii y'of being set to zero, irrespective of the permanent' register, in one direction only, instead the register;) and thus,'i-n connection with independent mechanism, (shown as consisting of a register, N (),to indicate the-' nber'of ti mes the trip-register nas been; reset .tojthe-ae'ro' or starting point,) to-prevent fraudulent manipnlationof the register without detection, I proganized as shown, with wedge-shaped or inclined projections r r, 7. and U. y
A liey is made to correspond with the projections r r, as shown ,in Fig, 9, whereby the trip-hand can be moved in one direction only itnlependent-ly of the prime mover--thnt is,
bring its actuating points or projections against the abrupt shoulders of the projections M the of in eitherdirection, (which latter method I l have found to he a defective onein permitting.
fraudulent manipulation and tampering with .the tooth m that. when said toothactuates the in to force the guard-plate suddenly over the last expiring. or receding'nnmeral on the disk,
of thc guard-plate isdetermined by the stop n.
thrown forward by theactuating-spring D, and
rise on the receding tooth and fall on the next IIO.
vide the trip hand or index, in the machine or as clearlyshown in Figs.
when the key is turned-in the direction to I shaft.
:The direction in which the trip-hand may be adjusted by its resetting device independently of the permanent register and prime mover is 'in a forward direction in the example shown.
The detectingdial or wheelN is turned the distance ofone notch by the
tooth 0, which projects from a hnb, 0', carried by the triphand, every time said trip-hand is turned to zero by its resetting device, while at every complete revolution of the wheel or dial N the dial 0 is turned the distance of one notch by the tooth pon the hub or shaft p of the dial N It will thus be seen that a machine is produced which at all times exhibits three distinct results namelyz first, the number of actua' tions or operations the machine has received since starting it with the two registers at zero; second, then u in her of actuations received since the adjustable or trip register was last placed at zero; and, third, the number of times the trip-register has been reset.
Besides the indications above described, the machine is made to strike a blow on abellfor each actuation of ther'egister, thereby giving notice that an indication on registration has been made.-
My improved machine not only indicates the number of fares collected on any trip and the totals for several trips independently of each other, but also the number of times the trip or adjustable register has been set to zero, the object of which is .to prevent tampering with the trip-register,-which might otherwise be set forward-to deceive a detective without operating the instrument, and at some other points on the route, after the passengers have-left the ear, be set back to correspond with the permanent register, whereby the usefulness of the machine would be defeated; but by my invention this difliculty is obviated, the adjustable hand being made to move in one direction only independently of the actuating-lever, and being made also, at every revolution it makes, at the time it reaches zero, to move'the detecting-dial N one notch. Consequently the triphand must movearound as many timesas there are notches'iu the dial to complete the 'entire' revolution of said dial, which dial, in turn, is eompelledto' move around as many times as there are notches in the
wheel 0 to complete the revolution of said wheel, whereby the triphand' must move a great many times around the zero-point before thenuinerals on the dialplate F and detecter-registe r can be made to.
coincide with the point from which they first started. Now the time employed by the condoctor in turning the trip-register so that he may defraud the company will be so great that there will be no interval oftime between the two ends of his. route whereby the numerals can be made to coincide.
The detecter-dials may be increased in number and in diameter. The said dials or register may also be located'beneath the dial-plate F, with openings therein of sutiicient size to firmly in the bases, between which and the ratchet-wheel D the actuating-
pawl 0 works,
the said pawl being provided with an inclined recess, 8', deepening as it recedes from the pivot of said pawl, (see Fig. 5,) whereby the pawl may be drawn back to be placed in position to operate theratchet-wheel when impelled forward by the spring D';,but when so impelled, and the pawl has traveled forward just enough to carry the wheel thedistance of one tooth, the said pawl will be jammed between the pin 8 and the ratchet-wheel, thereby lockin g said wheel firmly and preventing its farther forward movement.
The register as organized is intended to be secured firmly in the car, and to accomplish this without delay the back of the casing is provided with an opening, q", for the reception of an inclined hook or horn, Q, whereby the weight of the machine tends to jam and hold the instrument against the side of the car or wall to which said hook or horn is attached. v
A' staple, T, passing through a slot,'t, in a projecting ear, t, of the casing, receives a wedge or look, which must be removed before the machine can be taken from its place.
The staple may be formed to act as aspring to draw the edge of the back firmly against the horn, as shown in Fig. 12. This method of securing registers in place is not of my sole invention, being that of Benton and Towle.
Street-cars areso often ciowded that it becomes difficult for a detective to keep a record of the passengers getting in and out, and unless the registering device is so arranged that the conductor can and shall be compelled to register each and every fare directly after the same has been collected and before another has been accepted, the machine loses in a great measure its value. To obviate this difficulty, whilesecuring the register permanently atone end of the car, in full view, I place on both sides of the care connection, S, (shown in cross-section in.Fig. 3,) supported by bearings, and at convenient distances I apply an implement or handles to the said connection, which, on being actuated, communicate motion to therecording mechanism of the machine. Inasmuch, however, as this improved method of operating the register from all parts of the car constitutes the subject-matter of another divisionlB) of this reissue, itis deemed unnecessary tojdescribe itand the various modifica- 7 time of my improvement in detail here.
It is believed that my invention will-be readily understood from the foregoing description, and that itsadvantages will be, and have been, appreciated by those familiar with this class of machines.
It is to be understootL-of course, that' this registering-machine, though explained in par ticular reference to its application to vehicles or cars, is at the same time equally useful as a counter or registering-machine for printing-inachines, engines, stamping-presses, or any other machine having moving parts. It is also equally useful for keeping accounts of persons entering or leaving a theater or ball, passing a turnpike, or entering a ferry, and-for other like purposes.
1 claim as my invention- 1. The combination, substantially as hereiubetore set forth, of the permanent register, the trip-register, the actuator or lever for simultaneousl-y actuating the two registers by its movement, the alarm for announcing each registration or actuation of the register, and the mechanism which prevents said trip-register being set to zero, but in one direction only, independently of the permanent register or its actuator, while said trip-register is incapable of being actuated during the process of counting without a corresponding actuation of. the
permanent register. 1 I I 2. The combination, substantially as hereiuhefore set forth, of the permanent register,
the trip-register, and the independent register,
which registers the number of times the tripregister is turned to zero by its resetting mechanism.
3..The combination, substantially as hereinbet'ore set forth, of the permanent register, the tripregister, the independent register, whichindicates the number of times the tripregister is turned to zero byits resettin g mechauism, and the alarm for-audibly announcing each registration.
4. The combination, substantially as hereiubefore set forth, of the permanent register, the trip-register, having the capacity of being turned to zero or thestarting-point in one direction only irrespective of the operation of the permanent register, and an independent register which indicates the number of times the trip-registerhas been set'tozero its resetting devices.
5. The combination, substantially as hereinbeforeset forth, of the permanent register,
the trip-register, the alarm, the actuator or lever for actuating said'registers and alarm, the device for settin g the trip-register to zero or the starting-point independently of said'actuator, and mechanism which registers or records each time the trip-register is brought or turned to zero.
6. The combination, substantially as hereinbefore set forth, of a permanent register, a trip-register,the inclosiu g-casing of the two registers, an actuator which moves said registers in the process of counting, an alarm apparatus sounded at each actuation of the register, and
set the trip-register, which possesses the capacity of .bei ug turned in one direction only independently of the permanent register, the independent register, which indicates the number of times the trip-register has been set to 'zero, and the glass or transparent coveror face-plate of the register, which permits its in dications to be inspected or'observeda 8. The combination, substantially as-hei'e inbefore set forth, of the'actuating-lever amt ratchet-wheel with a spring arranged to actuate the wheel by its force in one plane and to furnish force to produce friction in another plane, for the purpose specified.
In testimony my hand this 19th day of January, A. D. 1880. 1
JOHN B. BENTON.
Witnesses WM. S. BEAMAN, ANTHONY Gear, Jr.
whereof I have hereunto set
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