USRE44573E1 - Liquid crystal display panel and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

Liquid crystal display panel and manufacturing method thereof Download PDF

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USRE44573E1
USRE44573E1 US13/473,772 US201213473772A USRE44573E US RE44573 E1 USRE44573 E1 US RE44573E1 US 201213473772 A US201213473772 A US 201213473772A US RE44573 E USRE44573 E US RE44573E
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tft
region
scan line
pixel
electrically
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Chih-Yung Hsieh
Chien-Hong Chen
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Innolux Corp
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Chi Mei Optoelectronics Corp
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/34Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source
    • G09G3/36Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source using liquid crystals
    • G09G3/3611Control of matrices with row and column drivers
    • G09G3/3648Control of matrices with row and column drivers using an active matrix
    • G09G3/3659Control of matrices with row and column drivers using an active matrix the addressing of the pixel involving the control of two or more scan electrodes or two or more data electrodes, e.g. pixel voltage dependant on signal of two data electrodes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour  based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
    • G02F1/136Liquid crystal cells structurally associated with a semi-conducting layer or substrate, e.g. cells forming part of an integrated circuit
    • G02F1/1362Active matrix addressed cells
    • G02F1/136204Arrangements to prevent high voltage or static electricity failures
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour  based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
    • G02F1/1333Constructional arrangements; Manufacturing methods
    • G02F1/1343Electrodes
    • G02F1/134309Electrodes characterised by their geometrical arrangement
    • G02F2001/134345Subdivided pixels, e.g. grey scale, redundancy
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2300/00Aspects of the constitution of display devices
    • G09G2300/04Structural and physical details of display devices
    • G09G2300/0439Pixel structures
    • G09G2300/0443Pixel structures with several sub-pixels for the same colour in a pixel, not specifically used to display gradations
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2300/00Aspects of the constitution of display devices
    • G09G2300/04Structural and physical details of display devices
    • G09G2300/0439Pixel structures
    • G09G2300/0443Pixel structures with several sub-pixels for the same colour in a pixel, not specifically used to display gradations
    • G09G2300/0447Pixel structures with several sub-pixels for the same colour in a pixel, not specifically used to display gradations for multi-domain technique to improve the viewing angle in a liquid crystal display, such as multi-vertical alignment [MVA]
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2300/00Aspects of the constitution of display devices
    • G09G2300/08Active matrix structure, i.e. with use of active elements, inclusive of non-linear two terminal elements, in the pixels together with light emitting or modulating elements
    • G09G2300/0809Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels
    • G09G2300/0842Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels forming a memory circuit, e.g. a dynamic memory with one capacitor
    • G09G2300/0852Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels forming a memory circuit, e.g. a dynamic memory with one capacitor being a dynamic memory with more than one capacitor

Abstract

A liquid crystal display (LCD) panel includes pixels arranged in matrix, and first and second scan lines and a storage capacitance line. Each pixel has a first sub-pixel, which is disposed between the first and second scan lines, and first to third thin-film transistors (TFTs) and a pixel electrode divided into first and second regions. The first TFT is electrically connected to the first scan line and the first region. The second TFT is electrically connected to the first scan line and the second region. The third TFT is electrically connected to the second scan line and the second region. The storage capacitance line is electrically connected to the third TFT. A distance between the storage capacitance line and the first scan line is longer than that between the storage capacitance line and the second scan line.

Description

This application claims the benefit of Taiwan application Serial No. 096106311, filed Feb. 16, 2007, the entirety of which is incorporated herein by reference.

BACKGROUND

1. Technical Field

The disclosure relates in general to a display panel and a manufacturing method thereof, and, in particular, to a liquid crystal display (LCD) panel and a manufacturing method thereof.

2. Related Art

The LCD panel is one of increasingly popular display panels and advantageously has high resolution, light weight, thin thickness and low power consumption. However, the current LCD panel still has some technological problems to be solved. For example, the problem of wide view angle exists, in which the user sees the displayed image with the different gray-scale levels and brightness when he or she is watching the image from the front or at an angle from either right or left side of the display. Usually, the brightness of the image viewed by the user from the front of the display is higher than that viewed by the user from either side of the display. Therefore, the frames viewed on the LCD apparatus at different angles have different brightness, which causes different color mixing results. Thus, the phenomena of color shift and color de-saturation tend to occur.

Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2, a sub-pixel structure 1 of a conventional multi-domain vertically aligned (MVA) LCD panel includes at least one TFT (Thin Film Transistor) T, a storage capacitance line 11, a sub-pixel electrode 12, a liquid crystal layer 13 and a common electrode 14. The common electrode 14 is formed on a color filter substrate 16. The sub-pixel electrode 12 is formed on a dielectric layer 17 of a TFT substrate 15. The liquid crystal layer 13 is accommodated between the sub-pixel electrode 12 and the common electrode 14. The sub-pixel electrode 12 is disposed between two neighboring scan lines SLn and SLn+1, and the sub-pixel electrode 12 has a plurality of slits 12a so that the sub-pixel electrode 12 is formed with a pattern. The TFT T controls the operation of the sub-pixel structure 1, and a storage capacitor is formed between the storage capacitance line 11 and the sub-pixel electrode 12.

As mentioned hereinabove, the slits 12a or alignment protrusions 14a are arranged on the TFT substrate 15 or the color filter substrate 16 in the MVA LCD panel so that liquid crystal molecules are arranged in multiple directions and several alignment domains can be obtained to improve the problem of wide view angle.

Recently, another technology has been proposed in order to improve the color shift problem associated with the wide view angle problem more effectively. As shown in FIG. 2, the sub-pixel electrode 12 is divided into a first region I and a second region II in order to display different brightness ratios with respect to different gray-scale levels. In order to achieve this effect, in general, it is possible to turn on a third TFT T3, when the next scan line SLn+1 is being enabled, to conduct charges on an auxiliary capacitor, which is defined by the corresponding arrangement of an extra interconnection 11a of the storage capacitance line 11 and an electrode E having a potential equal to that of a source of the third TFT T3, to the second region II of the sub-pixel electrode 12 so that the brightness difference between the second region II and the first region I is kept constant to prevent the problem of color shift from occurring.

FIG. 3 shows an equivalent circuit diagram of the sub-pixel structure 1. The liquid crystal capacitor Clc(A) is defined by the corresponding arrangement of the first region I (e.g., a bright region) of the sub-pixel electrode 12 and the common electrode 14. The liquid crystal capacitor Clc(B) is defined by the corresponding arrangement of the second region II (e.g., a dark region) of the sub-pixel electrode 12 and the common electrode 14. The storage capacitor Cst(A) is defined by the corresponding arrangement of the storage capacitance line 11 and a capacitor electrode 112, which is electrically connected to the first region of the sub-pixel electrode 12 through a via. The storage capacitor Cst(B) is defined by the corresponding arrangement of the storage capacitance line 11 and a capacitor electrode 111, which is electrically connected to the second region of the sub-pixel electrode 12 through a via. The auxiliary capacitor CS is defined by the corresponding arrangement of the extra interconnection 11a of the storage capacitance line 11 and the electrode E having the potential equal to that of the source of the third TFT T3. The first region I and the second region II of the sub-pixel electrode 12 are respectively disposed corresponding to the common electrode 14, and electrically connected to a data line DLn and the scan line SLn opposite to the data line DLn through a first TFT T1 and a second TFT T2 opposite to the first TFT T1. The second region II of the sub-pixel electrode 12 is electrically connected to the next scan line SLn+1 and the auxiliary capacitor through the corresponding third TFT T3.

FIG. 4 is a schematic time chart showing the operation of the scan lines SLn and SLn+1 as well as nodes VP1 and VP2 in FIG. 3. First, when the scan line SLn inputs a signal to the sub-pixel electrode 12, the first TFT T1 and the second TFT T2 turn on, and sub-pixel data of positive polarity is inputted through the data line DL so that the potentials of the nodes VP1 and VP2 are equal to V1. When the scan line SLn stops inputting the signal to the sub-pixel electrode 12, the first TFT T1 and the second TFT T2 instantaneously turn off. At this time, the nodes VP1 and VP2 encounter different feed-through effects due to the influence the parasitic capacitances between the gates and the drains of the TFTs T1 and T2. Thus, the potentials of the nodes VP1 and VP2 are different from each other and are respectively V2 and V21, and the level difference therebetween relative to a common voltage Vcom is about (V2−V21). Next, when the scan line SLn+1 inputs the signal to the sub-pixel electrode 12, the previous frame is influenced by the dot inversion factor. So, when the third TFT T3 turns on, the charges stored in the storage capacitor Cst(B) neutralize the auxiliary capacitor CS and the voltage level of the node VP2 is changed to V3 while the voltage level of the node VP1 is still V2. When the scan line SLn+1 stops inputting the signal, the potentials of the nodes VP1 and VP2 are respectively kept at V2 and V3. When the next frame time comes, the scan line SLn again inputs the signal to turn on the first TFT T1 and the second TFT T2, and inputs the sub-pixel data of negative polarity through the data line DL so that the potentials of the nodes VP1 and VP2 are simultaneously made equal to V4. When the scan line SLn stops inputting the signal, the first TFT T1 and the second TFT T2 instantaneously turn off, and the potentials of the nodes VP1 and VP2 are influenced by different feed-through effects and are thus respectively equal to V5 and V51. So, the level difference therebetween relative to the common voltage Vcom is about (V5−V51). Next, the scan line SLn+1 inputs the signal to turn on the third TFT T3 so that the charges of the previous frame with the positive polarity stored in the storage capacitor Cst(B) are transferred to the auxiliary capacitor CS, and the voltage level of the node VP2 is changed to V6. Meanwhile, the voltage level of the node VP1 is still equal to V5. When the scan line SLn+1 stops inputting the signal, the potentials of the nodes VP1 and VP2 are respectively equal to V5 and V6.

However, no matter which method is utilized, the storage capacitance line 11 in the sub-pixel structure 1 is disposed at a middle position of the sub-pixel electrode 12. When the extra interconnection 11a has to be additionally formed through the storage capacitance line 11 in order to adjust the capacitance, the difficulty and the loading of interconnection of the storage capacitance line 11 will be increased, and the aperture ratio will be decreased. In addition, when the sub-pixel electrode 12 is divided into the first region (bright region) I and the second region (dark region) II and if the bright region I and the dark region II are influenced by different feed-through effects, the signals displayed by two regions of the sub-pixel structure 1 have different levels relative to the signal center point Vcom. Thus, the signal may have the problem of flickering among different frames, and a retained image caused by the polarization of the liquid crystal molecules cannot disappear after a long period of time.

Therefore, there is a need to provide a LCD panel and a manufacturing method thereof, wherein the difficulty of interconnection can be simplified, the influence of the low gray-scale region on the display property can be decreased, and the phenomenon of color shift can be improved.

SUMMARY

In an embodiment, the invention discloses a liquid crystal display (LCD) panel, comprising a thin film transistor substrate, wherein the thin film transistor substrate further comprises: a first scan line disposed on the thin film transistor substrate; a second scan line disposed on the thin film transistor substrate and arranged in parallel to the first scan line; and a plurality of pixels. Each of the pixels comprises a first sub-pixel disposed between the first scan line and the second scan line, and has a first thin-film transistor (TFT), a second TFT, a third TFT and a pixel electrode. The pixel electrode is divided into a first region and a second region for displaying different signals. The first TFT is electrically connected to the first scan line via a first gate and connected to the first region by a first drain electrode. The second TFT is electrically connected to the first scan line via a second gate and connected to the second region by a second drain electrode. The third TFT is electrically connected to the second scan line via a third gate and connected to the second region by a third drain electrode. A data line connects a first source electrode of the first TFT and a second source electrode of the second TFT. A storage capacitance line is arranged in parallel to the first scan line and the second scan line and electrically connected to the third TFT. A distance between the storage capacitance line and the first scan line is longer than a distance between the storage capacitance line and the second scan line.

In another embodiment, the invention further discloses a liquid crystal display (LCD) panel, comprising a thin film transistor substrate, wherein the thin film transistor substrate further comprises: a first scan line disposed on the thin film transistor substrate; a second scan line disposed on the thin film transistor substrate; and a plurality of pixels. Each of the pixels comprises a first sub-pixel, which is disposed between the first scan line and the second scan line and has a first thin-film transistor (TFT), a second TFT, a third TFT and a pixel electrode. The pixel electrode is divided into a first region and a second region for displaying different signals. The first TFT is electrically connected via a first gate to the first scan line and connected to the first region by a first drain electrode. The second TFT is electrically connected via a second gate to the first scan line and connected to the second region by a second drain electrode. The third TFT is electrically connected via a third gate to the second scan line and connected to the second region by a third drain electrode. A data line connects a first source electrode of the first TFT and a second source electrode of the second TFT. A first overlapped area between (a) the first scan line and (b) a first conductive pattern which is connected to the first drain electrode and is the first region of the pixel electrode is smaller than a second overlapped area between (c) the first scan line and (d) a second conductive pattern which is connected to the second drain electrode and is the second region of the pixel electrode. Both the first overlapped area and said second overlapped area are not zero.

In yet another embodiment, the invention discloses a method of manufacturing a liquid crystal display (LCD) panel, the method comprising steps of: forming a first scan line and a second scan line on a thin-film transistor (TFT) substrate; forming a first TFT and a second TFT having gates connected to and first and second drains overlapping the first scan line; forming a third TFT having a gate connected to the second scan line; forming a data line on the TFT substrate to connect sources of the first and second TFTs; forming a pixel electrode on the TFT substrate and between the first scan line and the second scan line; connecting the TFT substrate to an opposing substrate; and forming a liquid crystal layer between the TFT substrate and the opposing substrate. The pixel electrode is divided into a first region and a second region for displaying different signals. The first drain of the first TFT is electrically connected to the first region. The second drain of the second TFT is electrically connected to the second region. A third drain of the third TFT is electrically connected to the second region. A first non-zero overlapped area, where said first scan line overlaps said first drain and said first region, is formed to be smaller than a second non-zero overlapped area, where said first scan line overlaps said second drain and said second region.

Additional aspects and advantages of the disclosed embodiments are set forth in part in the description which follows, and in part are apparent from the description, or may be learned by practice of the disclosed embodiments. The aspects and advantages of the disclosed embodiments may also be realized and attained by means of the instrumentalities and combinations particularly pointed out in the appended claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The disclosed embodiments of the invention will become more fully understood from the detailed description and accompanying drawings, which are given for illustration only, and thus are not limitative of the present invention, and wherein:

FIG. 1 is a side view showing a sub-pixel structure of a conventional multi-domain vertically aligned (MVA) LCD panel;

FIG. 2 is a plan-view schematic illustration showing the sub-pixel structure of a conventional MVA LCD panel;

FIG. 3 is an equivalent circuit diagram of the sub-pixel structure of the conventional MVA LCD panel;

FIG. 4 is an operational timing chart of the sub-pixel structure of the conventional MVA LCD panel;

FIG. 5 is a schematic illustration showing a LCD panel according to an embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 6 is a plan-view schematic illustration showing a sub-pixel structure of a TFT substrate of the LCD panel according to the embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 7 is a plan-view schematic illustration showing a sub-pixel structure of an opposing substrate of the LCD panel according to the embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 8 is a plan-view schematic illustration showing another sub-pixel structure of the TFT substrate of the LCD panel according to an embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 9 is an equivalent circuit diagram of the sub-pixel of the TFT substrate of the LCD panel according to the embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 10 is an operational timing chart of scan lines and nodes VP1′ and VP2′ in FIG. 9;

FIG. 11 is a plan-view schematic illustration showing still another sub-pixel structure of the TFT substrate of the LCD panel according to an embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 12 is an equivalent circuit diagram of the another sub-pixel of the TFT substrate of the LCD panel according to the embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 13 is a plan-view schematic illustration showing yet still another sub-pixel structure of the TFT substrate in the LCD panel according to an embodiment of the invention, wherein a storage capacitance line has two electrical extensions; and

FIG. 14 is a flow chart showing a manufacturing method of the LCD panel according to an embodiment of the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS

Embodiments of the present invention will be apparent from the following detailed description, with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein the same references relate to the same elements.

It is to be specified first that a liquid crystal display (LCD) apparatus 2 in this embodiment is, without being limited to, a multi-domain vertically aligned (MVA) liquid crystal display apparatus. Also, the LCD apparatus 2 may also be a twisted-nematic LCD apparatus, an optically compensated bend (CB) LCD apparatus, an axisymmetric aligned (ASM) LCD apparatus or an in-plane switching (IPS) LCD apparatus.

FIG. 5 is a schematic illustration showing a structure of the LCD apparatus 2 according to an embodiment of the invention. Referring to FIG. 5, the LCD apparatus 2 includes a backlight module 21 and an LCD panel 22. The backlight module 21 is disposed adjacent the LCD panel 22 and outputs light L1 passing through the LCD panel 22. In this embodiment, the backlight module 21 is, without being limited to, a bottom lighting backlight module, and may also be an edge lighting backlight module. A backlight source of the backlight module 21 may be selected from a cold cathode fluorescent lamp (CCFL), a light emitting diode (LED), an organic electro-luminescent device (OELD) or a field emissive device (FED).

In addition, the LCD panel 22 has a thin-film transistor (TFT) substrate (not shown), an opposing substrate (e.g., a color filter substrate) (not shown) and a liquid crystal layer (not shown). The TFT substrate is disposed opposite to the opposing substrate, and the liquid crystal layer is disposed between the TFT substrate and the opposing substrate. The TFT substrate has a plurality of data lines, a plurality of scan lines, a plurality of pixels and a plurality of storage capacitance lines. Each scan line is arranged in parallel with the storage capacitance lines, and the pixels are arranged in matrix. Herein, each pixel includes a sub-pixel disposed between two neighboring scan lines.

FIGS. 6 and 7 are plan-view schematic illustrations showing sub-pixel structures 221 and 222 of the TFT substrate and the opposing substrate, respectively. Referring to FIGS. 6 and 7, the sub-pixel structure 221 of the TFT substrate includes a first sub-pixel P1, a data line DL, a first scan line SL1, a second scan line SL2 and a storage capacitance line SC1 (see FIG. 6). The sub-pixel structure 222 of the opposing substrate includes a common electrode P135, as shown in FIG. 7. In this embodiment, the first sub-pixel P1 may be red, green, blue or other-colored sub-pixels in a full-color pixel.

The first sub-pixel P1 has a first TFT P131, a second TFT P132, a third TFT P133 and a pixel electrode P134. The first TFT P131, the second TFT P132, the third TFT P133, the storage capacitance line SC1 and the pixel electrode P134 are formed on the TFT substrate. In this embodiment, in order to decrease the loading on the layout of the storage capacitance line SC1 caused when an auxiliary capacitor CS is being formed (e.g., to prevent the extra branches of the storage capacitance line SC1 from increasing the loading of the storage capacitance line SC1), a distance S1 between the storage capacitance line SC1 and the first scan line SL1 is configured to be longer than a distance S2 between the storage capacitance line SC1 and the second scan line SL2. The distance S2 between the storage capacitance line SC1 and the second scan line SL2 ranges from 4 μm to 20 μm.

The pixel electrode P134 may also have a plurality of slits P134a so that the pixel electrode P134 is formed with a pattern and the liquid crystal molecules have a predetermined inclination angle. For example, when the LCD is a twisted-nematic LCD apparatus, the slits P134a may be omitted. The pixel electrode P134 is divided into a first region I and a second region II. In this embodiment, the first region I is a bright region, and the second region II is a dark region.

Referring again to FIG. 6, the first TFT P131 has a gate electrically connected to the first scan line SL1, a drain electrically connected to the first region I of the first sub-pixel P1 through a via O1, and a source electrically connected to the data line DL. The second TFT P132 has a gate electrically connected to the first scan line SL1, a drain electrically connected to the second region II of the first sub-pixel P1 through a via O2, and a source electrically connected to the data line DL. The third TFT P133 has a gate electrically connected to the second scan line SL2, a drain electrically connected to the second region II of the first sub-pixel P1 through a via O3, and a source electrically connected to an electrode E1 of the auxiliary capacitor. Herein, the first TFT P131, the second TFT P132 and the third TFT P133 are for controlling operations of the first region I and the second region II of the first sub-pixel P1.

In this embodiment, a first parasitic capacitance Cgd1 is formed between the gate and the drain of the first TFT P131, a second parasitic capacitance Cgd2 is formed between the gate and the drain of the second TFT P132, and a third parasitic capacitance Cgd3 is formed between the gate and the drain of the third TFT P133.

It is known that
ΔVfeed-through=Cgd×(Vgh−Vgl)/(Cst+Clc+Cgd).
Thus, in order to make the two sub-pixels have the same ΔVfeed-through without taking into account the third parasitic capacitance Cgd3 (because the influences of the third parasitic capacitance Cgd3 generated when the second scan line SL2 is enabled and disabled may offset each other), it is obtained that:
Cgd1×(Vgh−Vgl)/(Cst1+Clc1+Cgd1)=Cgd2×(Vgh−Vgl)/(Cst2+Clc2+Cgd2).
After (Vgh−Vgl) is eliminated, it is obtained that:
Cgd1/[((Cst1/Clc1)+1+(Cgd1/Clc1))×Clc1]=Cgd2/[((Cst2/Clc2)+1+(Cgd2/Clc2))×Clc2],
wherein, the value of each of (Cgd1/Clc1) and (Cgd2/Clc2) is far smaller than 1 and may thus be neglected. Thus, when Cst1/Clc1=Cst2/Clc2, it is obtained that
Cgd1/[(2)×Clc1]=Cgd2/[(2)×Clc2].
However, the area/luminous flux of the bright region I is smaller than that of the dark region II due to the design. Therefore, Clc2≧Clc1, so that Cgd2≧Cgd1. That is, the first TFT P131 and the second TFT P132 satisfy the formula (1):
Cgd2≧Cgd1  (1).

In addition, a region, which is located between the source and the drain of the TFT and contains the semiconductor region has a corresponding width referred to as a channel width W, and the distance between the source and the drain is referred to as a channel length L. Referring again to FIG. 6 according to the above-mentioned descriptions, the first TFT P131 has a first channel width W1 and a first channel length L1; the second TFT P132 has a second channel width W2 and a second channel length L2; and the third TFT P133 has a third channel width W3 and a third channel length L3.

The first TFT P131 and the second TFT P132 satisfy the formula (2):
W2/L2≧W1/L1  (2).

In this embodiment, the ratio of the second channel width W2 to the second channel length L2 is equal to the ratio of the first channel width W1 to the first channel length L1.

Referring to FIG. 8, it is also possible to make the overlapped area between (a) the drain of the first TFT P131 as well as the first region I (bright region) of the first sub-pixel P1 and (b) the first scan line SL1 be smaller than the overlapped area between (c) the drain of the second TFT P132 as well as the second region II (dark region) of the first sub-pixel P1 and (d) the first scan line SL1 to satisfy the above-mentioned requirements. For example, the shapes of the first TFT P131 and the second TFT P132 may be the same, but the pixel electrode P134 of the second region II is extended (FIG. 8) to overlap the first scan line SL1. Alternatively, the first TFT P131 and the second TFT P132 may have the same L and an adjustment is made to make W2>W1 (not shown). Or the above-mentioned methods may be utilized simultaneously to satisfy the formula (1).

Please refer to FIGS. 6 and 9, wherein FIG. 9 is an equivalent circuit diagram of FIG. 6. In this embodiment, the LCD panel 22 further includes a patterned metal layer M1 disposed opposite to the storage capacitance line SC1. A portion of the patterned metal layer M1A is electrically connected to the first region I through a via O4 to form a first storage capacitor Cst1 together with the storage capacitance line SC1. Another portion of the patterned metal layer M1B is electrically connected to the third TFT P133 and the second region II through the via O3 to form a second storage capacitor Cst2 together with the storage capacitance line SC1. A further portion of the patterned metal layer M1C is electrically connected to the third TFT P133 to form an auxiliary capacitor CS together with the storage capacitance line SC1. The liquid crystal capacitor is defined by the corresponding arrangement of the pixel electrode P134 and the common electrode P135. That is, the first region I of the first sub-pixel P1 and the common electrode P135 form a first liquid crystal capacitor Clc1, and the second region II of the first sub-pixel P1 and the common electrode P135 form a second liquid crystal capacitor Clc2.

In this embodiment, in order make two sub-pixels have the same ΔVfeed through, it is derived that
Cgd1/[((Cst1/Clc1)+1+(Cgd1/Clc1))×Clc1]=Cgd2/[((Cst2/Clc2)+1+(Cgd2/Clc2))×Clc2],
wherein the value of each of (Cgd1/Clc1) and (Cgd2/Clc2) is far smaller than 1 and may thus be neglected. Thus, when it is assumed that the first TFT P131 and the second TFT P132 have the same designed size (i.e., it is assumed that Cgd2=Cgd1), it is obtained that
1/[(Cst1/Clc1)+1×Clc1]=1/[((Cst2/Clc2)+1)×Clc2].
Also, the luminous flux or area of the bright region I is configured to be smaller than that of the dark region II (i.e., Clc2≧Clc1). Thus, it is obtained that
(Cst1/Clc1)+1≧(Cst2/Clc2)+1,
and thus
(Cst1/Clc1)≧(Cst2/Clc2).
That is, the ratios of the storage capacitors of the first region I and the second region II to the liquid crystal capacitor satisfy the formula (3):
Cst1/Clc1>Cst2/Clc2  (3).

In this embodiment, it is possible to achieve Cst1/Clc1>Cst2/Clc2 by configuring the area of the first region I to be smaller than that of the second region II and configuring the first region I and the second region II to have storage capacitors of substantially the same storage capacity.

In addition, each sub-pixel has a ratio Ra, which satisfies the formula (4):
Ra=CS/(CS+Clc+Cst)  (4),
wherein Clc=Clc1+Clc2 in this embodiment; and
Cst=Cst1+Cst2.
When the ratio of the area of the bright region to that of the dark region is equal to 1:2, the influence of the transmission rate on Ra will be as described in the following section. Assuming that the transmission rate is equal to a reference value (100%) when Ra=0.15, the transmission rate is equal to 95% when Ra=0.2; and the transmission rate is equal to 87.8% when Ra=0.25. Thus, the above-mentioned ratio preferably ranges from 0.1 to 0.35. In brief, the ratio Ra represents the ratio of the auxiliary capacitor CS to the equivalent capacitor of the overall sub-pixel.

In addition, the pixel of the TFT substrate further includes a second sub-pixel (not shown) and a third sub-pixel (not shown). The first sub-pixel P1, the second sub-pixel and the third sub-pixel are disposed adjacent one another in a direction along the first scan line SL1. In this particular embodiment, it is assumed that the first sub-pixel P1 is a red sub-pixel (R), the second sub-pixel is a green sub-pixel (G) and the third sub-pixel is a blue sub-pixel (B). Typically, the brightness output of the display at the short wavelength has to be increased if the specification of the high color temperature is to be satisfied. For example, the blue region of the display has to be reduced because the auxiliary capacitor causes the transmission rate to decrease. Thus, the ratio Ra of each sub-pixel satisfies the formula (5):
Ra(R)=Ra(G)≧Ra(B)  (5).

FIG. 10 is a timing chart showing operational timings of the first scan line SL1, the second scan line SL2 and the nodes VP1′ and VP2′ in FIG. 9.

First, in the first frame time, the first scan line SL1 inputs a signal to turn on the first TFT P131 and the second TFT P132 and inputs sub-pixel data through the data line DL so that the potentials of the nodes VP1′ and VP2′ are simultaneously equal to V1′. When the first scan line SL1 stops inputting the signal, the first TFT P131 and the second TFT P132 instantaneously turn off. However, the first parasitic capacitance Cgd1 and the second parasitic capacitance Cgd2 between the gates and the drains of the TFTs P131 and P132 are designed such that Cgd2≧Cgd1 or W2/L2≧W1/L1 in this embodiment of the invention. Consequently, the potentials of the nodes VP1′ and VP2′ are respectively changed from V1′ to V2′. In other words, the voltage differences between the pixel signals of the nodes VP1′ and VP2′ and the common voltage Vcom can be stably controlled due to the same influence of the feed-through effect.

Next, the second scan line SL2 inputs the signal to turn on the third TFT P133 so that the charges of the second storage capacitor Cst2 neutralize the first auxiliary capacitor CS1, the voltage level of the node VP2′ is changed to V3′, and the voltage level of the node VP1′ is influenced by the second auxiliary capacitor CS2 and is thus changed to V3′. Then, in the second frame time, for example, when the first scan line SL1 again inputs the signal to turn on the first TFT P131 and the second TFT P132, and inputs the sub-pixel data through the data line DL, the potentials of the nodes VP1′ and VP2′ are made simultaneously equal to V4′. When the first scan line SL1 stops inputting the signal, the first TFT P131 and the second TFT P132 instantaneously turn off. However, the first parasitic capacitance Cgd1 and the second parasitic capacitance Cgd2 between the gates and the drains of the TFTs P131 and P132 are particularly configured in this embodiment of the invention such that Cgd2≧Cgd1 or W2/L2≧W1/L1. Consequently, the potentials of the nodes VP1′ and VP2′ are respectively changed from V4′ to V5′. In other words, the voltage differences between the pixel signals and the common voltage Vcom can be stably controlled due to the same influence of the feed-through effect.

Next, the second scan line SL2 inputs the signal to turn on the third TFT P133 so that the charges of the second storage capacitor Cst2 neutralize the first auxiliary capacitor CS1 and the voltage level of the node VP2′ is changed to V6′.

Referring to FIGS. 11 and 12, a portion of the patterned metal layer M1C in the LCD panel 22 is disposed opposite to the first region I to form the second auxiliary capacitor CS2 in this embodiment.

Referring to FIG. 13, the storage capacitance line SC1 of this embodiment further has two electrical extensions SC1A and SC1B, which are disposed opposite to the edge of the pixel electrode P134 of each sub-pixels P1 in the direction along the data line DL. The width of each of the electrical extensions SC1A and SC1B may be about 4 μm.

In the above disclosed embodiments, when it is desirable to place a black matrix layer BM1 (FIG. 7) on the sub-pixel structure 222 of the opposing substrate to cover the pixel electrode P134 on the TFT substrate 221 so that to reduce the light-leakage phenomenon induced by the irregular arrangement of the liquid crystal molecules, the area to be covered by the black matrix layer BM1 when the opposing substrate and the TFT substrate are combined can be reduced because the electrical extensions SC1A and SC1B of the storage capacitance line SC1 have partially covered two side edges of the pixel electrode P134. Thus, the aperture ratio of the first sub-pixel P1 may be increased. In addition, the overlapping portions between the electrical extensions SC1A and SC1B of the storage capacitance line SC1 and the pixel electrode P134 may also be formed with a storage capacitor Cst so that the capacitance of the storage capacitor Cst can be increased.

Referring to FIG. 14, a manufacturing method of a LCD panel according to an embodiment of the invention includes steps S01 to S08. Illustrations will be made with reference to FIG. 14 in conjunction with FIGS. 6 and 7. In the step S01, a first scan line SL1, a second scan line SL2 and a storage capacitance line SC1 are formed on a TFT substrate 221 using a first metal layer, such as a single layer or a multi-layer of aluminum, molybdenum, copper or silver or alloys thereof. In the step S02, a first insulating layer is formed on the first scan line SL1, the second scan line SL2 and the storage capacitance line SC1 using an insulating material, such as silicon nitride (SiNx) or silicon oxide (SiOx). In the step S03, a semiconductor layer of a first TFT P131 and a second TFT P132 is formed on the first scan line SL1, and another semiconductor layer of a third TFT P133 is formed on the second scan line SL2. The first TFT P131 has a gate electrically connected to the first scan line SL1, the second TFT P132 has a gate electrically connected to the first scan line SL1, and the third TFT P133 has a gate electrically connected to the second scan line SL2. In the step S04, a data line DL, sources and drains of the first TFT P131, the second TFT P132 and the third TFT P133, and a patterned metal layer M1 are formed on the TFT substrate 221 using a second metal layer, such as a single layer or a multilayer of aluminum, molybdenum, copper or silver or alloys thereof, wherein the portions of the second metal layer covering the storage capacitance line SC1 form the patterned metal layers M1A, M1B and M1C. In the step S05, a passivation layer, such as silicon nitride (SiNx) or silicon oxide (SiOx), covers each layer to form a second insulating layer. In the step S06, a pixel electrode P134 is formed on the TFT substrate 221, wherein the pixel electrode P134 is disposed between the first scan line SL1 and the second scan line SL2, and is divided into a first region I and a second region II. The first region I is electrically connected to the drain of the first TFT P131 through the via O1 of the second insulating layer, the second region II is electrically connected to the drain of the second TFT P132 through the via O2 of the second insulating layer. The second region II is electrically connected to the drain of the third TFT P133 through the via O3 of the second insulating layer. One portion of the patterned metal layer M1A is electrically connected to the first region I through the via O4 to form a first storage capacitor Cst1 together with the storage capacitance line SC1. Another portion of the patterned metal layer M1B is electrically connected to the second region II through the via O3 to form a second storage capacitor Cst2 together with the storage capacitance line SC1. A further portion of the patterned metal layer M1C is electrically connected to the third TFT P133 to form a first auxiliary capacitor CS1 together with the storage capacitance line SC1. In some embodiments, a portion of the patterned metal layer M1C and the first region I form a second auxiliary capacitor CS2. Next, in the step S07, the TFT substrate 221 is connected to an opposing substrate 222. Finally, a liquid crystal layer is formed between the TFT substrate 221 and the opposing substrate 222 in the step S08 to obtain the LCD panel 22. One of ordinary skill in the art may understand that the order of several steps, e.g., the steps S07 and S08, can be changed.

In the step S01, the distance S1 between the storage capacitance line SC1 and the first scan line SL1 may be longer than the distance S2 between the storage capacitance line SC1 and the second scan line SL2, and the distance S2 between the storage capacitance line SC1 and the second scan line SL2 may range from 4 μm to 20 μm. In addition, the TFTs P131 and P132 satisfy the formula (1) in the step S04:
Cgd2≧Cgd1  (1),
wherein Cgd1 denotes a parasitic capacitance between the gate and the drain of the first TFT P131, and Cgd2 denotes a parasitic capacitance between the gate and the drain of the second TFT P132. Also, the following formula (2) is also satisfied:
W2/L2≧W1/L1  (2)
wherein W1 denotes a channel width of the first TFT P131, W2 denotes a channel width of the second TFT P132, L1 denotes a channel length of the first TFT P131, and L2 denotes a channel length of the second TFT P132.

Furthermore, in the step S04, a first overlapped area between (a) the drain of the first TFT P131 as well as a first conductive pattern (not shown) and (b) the first scan line SL1 is formed to be smaller than a second overlapped area between (c) the drain of the second TFT P132 as well as a second conductive pattern (not shown) and (d) the first scan line SL1. The first conductive pattern has a potential equal to that of the drain of the first TFT P131 and the second conductive pattern has a potential equal to that of the drain of the second TFT P132.

In addition, in the step S07, a region forming ratio of the first region I to the second region II satisfies the formula (3):
Cst1/Clc1>Cst2/Clc2  (3),
wherein Cst1 denotes a first storage capacitor, Cst2 denotes a second storage capacitor, Clc1 denotes a first liquid crystal capacitor, and Clc2 denotes a second liquid crystal capacitor.

In addition, in the step S01, the storage capacitance line SC1 may form at least one electrical extension or two electrical extensions SC1A and SC1B, which are disposed opposite to an edge of the pixel electrode P134 in a direction along the data line DL, wherein the electrical extensions SC1A and SC1B may partially overlap the pixel electrode P134.

In summary, the distance between the storage capacitance line and the first scan line is longer than the distance between the storage capacitance line and the second scan line in accordance with the LCD panel and its manufacturing method according to embodiments of the invention. Thus, the LCD apparatus and the LCD panel of embodiments of the invention may have the simplified interconnections whenever interconnections have to be additionally extended and added from the storage capacitance line. In addition, embodiments of the invention solve the problem of flickering caused by different signals relative to Vcom in the bright region and the dark region by adjusting the values of Cgd and Cst/Clc in the sub-pixel. Moreover, the above-mentioned technology can be applied to the LCD panel with the wide view angle to enhance the color difference compensating ability, to improve the phenomenon of color shift difference, and thus to provide a better image display quality.

Although the invention has been described with reference to specific embodiments, this description is not meant to be construed in a limiting sense. Various modifications of the disclosed embodiments, as well as alternative embodiments, will be apparent to persons skilled in the art. It is, therefore, contemplated that the appended claims will cover all modifications that fall within the true scope of the invention.

Claims (21)

What is claimed is:
1. A liquid crystal display (LCD) panel, comprising a thin film transistor substrate, wherein the thin film transistor substrate further comprises:
a first scan line disposed on the thin film transistor substrate;
a second scan line disposed on the thin film transistor substrate and arranged in parallel to the first scan line;
a plurality of pixels wherein each of the pixels comprises a first sub-pixel disposed between corresponding to the first scan line and the second scan line, and has a first thin-film transistor (TFT), a second TFT, a third TFT and a pixel electrode, the pixel electrode is divided into a first region and a second region for displaying different signals, the first TFT is electrically connected to the first scan line via a first gate and connected to the first region by a first drain electrode, the second TFT is electrically connected to the first scan line via a second gate and connected to the second region by a second drain electrode, and the third TFT is electrically connected to the second scan line via a third gate and connected to the second region by a third drain electrode;
a data line connecting a first source electrode of the first TFT and a second source electrode of the second TFT; and
a storage capacitance line electrically connected to the third TFT;
wherein the TFTs satisfy the formula (1):

Cgd2>Cgd1  (1),
wherein Cgd1 denotes a parasitic capacitance between the first drain electrode of the first TFT and the first scan line, and Cgd2 denotes a parasitic capacitance between the second drain electrode of the second TFT and the first scan line.
2. A liquid crystal display (LCD) panel, comprising a thin film transistor substrate, wherein the thin film transistor substrate further comprises:
a first scan line disposed on the thin film transistor substrate;
a second scan line disposed on the thin film transistor substrate and arranged in parallel to the first scan line;
a plurality of pixels wherein each of the pixels comprises a first sub-pixel disposed between corresponding to the first scan line and the second scan line, and has a first thin-film transistor (TFT), a second TFT, a third TFT and a pixel electrode, the pixel electrode is divided into a first region and a second region for displaying different signals, the first TFT is electrically connected to the first scan line via a first gate and connected to the first region by a first drain electrode, the second TFT is electrically connected to the first scan line via a second gate and connected to the second region by a second drain electrode, and the third TFT is electrically connected to the second scan line via a third gate and connected to the second region by a third drain electrode;
a data line connecting a first source electrode of the first TFT and a second source electrode of the second TFT; and
a storage capacitance line electrically connected to the third TFT;
wherein the TFTs satisfy the formula (2):

W2/L2>W1/L2  (2),
wherein W1 is a channel width of the first TFT, W2 is a channel width of the second TFT, L1 is a channel length of the first TFT and L2 is a channel length of the second TFT.
3. A liquid crystal display (LCD) panel, comprising a thin film transistor substrate, wherein the thin film transistor substrate further comprises:
a first scan line disposed on the thin film transistor substrate;
a second scan line disposed on the thin film transistor substrate and arranged in parallel to the first scan line;
a plurality of pixels wherein each of the pixels comprises a first sub-pixel disposed between corresponding to the first scan line and the second scan line, and has a first thin-film transistor (TFT), a second TFT, a third TFT and a pixel electrode, the pixel electrode is divided into a first region and a second region for displaying different signals, the first TFT is electrically connected to the first scan line via a first gate and connected to the first region by a first drain electrode, the second TFT is electrically connected to the first scan line via a second gate and connected to the second region by a second drain electrode, and the third TFT is electrically connected to the second scan line via a third gate and connected to the second region by a third drain electrode;
a data line connecting a first source electrode of the first TFT and a second source electrode of the second TFT; and
a storage capacitance line electrically connected to the third TFT;
said LCD panel further comprising:
an opposing substrate disposed opposite to the TFT substrate and having a common electrode, wherein a first liquid crystal capacitor is formed between the common electrode and the first region of the first sub-pixel, and a second liquid crystal capacitor is formed between the common electrode and the second region of the first sub-pixel:
a liquid crystal layer disposed between the TFT substrate and the opposing substrate; and
a patterned metal layer disposed opposite to the storage capacitance line, wherein a first portion of the patterned metal layer is electrically connected to the first region to form a first storage capacitor together with the storage capacitance line, a second portion of the patterned metal layer is electrically connected to the second region and the third TFT to form a second storage capacitor together with the storage capacitance line, and a third portion of the patterned metal layer is electrically connected to the third TFT to form a first auxiliary capacitor together with the storage capacitance line and to form a second auxiliary capacitor together with the first region,
wherein region forming ratios of the first region to the second region of the first sub-pixel satisfy the formula (3):

Cst1/Clc1>Cst2/Clc2  (3),
wherein Cst1 denotes the first storage capacitor, Cst2 denotes the second storage capacitor, Clc1 denotes the first liquid crystal capacitor, and Clc2 denotes the second liquid crystal capacitor.
4. A liquid crystal display (LCD) panel, comprising a thin film transistor substrate, wherein the thin film transistor substrate further comprises:
a first scan line disposed on the thin film transistor substrate;
a second scan line disposed on the thin film transistor substrate and arranged in parallel to the first scan line;
a plurality of pixels wherein each of the pixels comprises a first sub-pixel disposed between corresponding to the first scan line and the second scan line, and has a first thin-film transistor (TFT), a second TFT, a third TFT and a pixel electrode, the pixel electrode is divided into a first region and a second region for displaying different signals, the first TFT is electrically connected to the first scan line via a first gate and connected to the first region by a first drain electrode, the second TFT is electrically connected to the first scan line via a second gate and connected to the second region by a second drain electrode, and the third TFT is electrically connected to the second scan line via a third gate and connected to the second region by a third drain electrode;
a data line connecting a first source electrode of the first TFT and a second source electrode of the second TFT; and
a storage capacitance line electrically connected to the third TFT;
wherein the pixels each further comprise a second sub-pixel and a third sub-pixel, the first sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel and the third sub-pixel are disposed adjacent one another along the first scan line, and each of the sub-pixels has a ratio Ra defined by the formula (4):

Ra=CS/(CS+Clc+Cst)  (4),
wherein CS denotes an auxiliary capacitor of each of the sub-pixels, Clc denotes a liquid crystal capacitor of each of the sub-pixels, and Cst denotes a storage capacitor of each of the sub-pixels.
5. The LCD panel according to claim 4, wherein the ratio Ra ranges from 0.1 to 0.35.
6. The LCD panel according to claim 4, wherein the first sub-pixel is a red sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel is a green sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel is a blue sub-pixel, and the ratio Ra of each of the sub-pixels satisfies the formula (5):

Ra1=Ra2≧Ra3  (5),
wherein Ra1 denotes the ratio of the red pixel, Ra2 denotes the ratio of the green pixel, and Ra3 denotes the ratio of the blue pixel.
7. A liquid crystal display (LCD) panel, comprising a thin film transistor substrate, wherein the thin film transistor substrate further comprises:
a first scan line disposed on the thin film transistor substrate;
a second scan line disposed on the thin film transistor substrate; and
a plurality of pixels each comprising a first sub-pixel, which is disposed between corresponds to the first scan line and the second scan line,
wherein
said first sub-pixel has a first thin-film transistor (TFT), a second TFT, a third TFT and a pixel electrode,
the pixel electrode is divided into a first region and a second region for displaying different signals,
the first TFT has a first gate electrically connected to the first scan line, and a first drain electrode electrically connected to the first region,
the second TFT has a second gate electrically connected to the first scan line, and a second drain electrode electrically connected to the second region,
the third TFT has a third gate electrically connected to the second scan line, and a third drain electrode electrically connected to the second region; and
a data line electrically connecting a first source electrode of the first TFT and a second source electrode of the second TFT,
wherein
the first scan line overlaps a first conductive pattern, which is connected to the first drain electrode and comprises the first region of the pixel electrode, in a first overlapped area;
the first scan line overlaps a second conductive pattern, which is connected to the second drain electrode and comprises the second region of the pixel electrode, in a second overlapped area; and
both said first overlapping area and said second overlapping area are not zero and said first overlapped area is smaller than said second overlapped area.
8. The LCD panel according to claim 7, wherein the storage capacitance line is disposed between the pixel electrode and the second scan line.
9. The LCD panel according to claim 7, wherein the TFTs satisfy the formula (1):

Cgd2≧Cgd1  (1),
wherein Cgd2 denotes a parasitic capacitance between the first drain electrode of the first TFT and the first scan line, and Cgd2 denotes a parasitic capacitance between the second drain of the second TFT and the first scan line.
10. The LCD panel according to claim 7, wherein the TFTs satisfy the formula (2):

W2/L2≧W1/L2L1  (2),
wherein W1 is a channel width of the first TFT, W2 is a channel width of the second TFT, L1 is a channel length of the first TFT and L2 is a channel length of the second TFT.
11. The LCD panel according to claim 7, further comprising:
an opposing substrate disposed opposite to the TFT substrate and having a common electrode, wherein a first liquid crystal capacitor is formed between the common electrode and the first region of the first sub-pixel, and a second liquid crystal capacitor is formed between the common electrode and the second region of the first sub-pixel;
a liquid crystal layer disposed between the TFT substrate and the opposing substrate;
a storage capacitance line formed on the TFT substrate in parallel to the first scan line and the second scan line and electrically connected to the third TFT; and
a patterned metal layer disposed opposite to the storage capacitance line, wherein a first portion of the patterned metal layer is electrically connected to the first region to form a first storage capacitor together with the storage capacitance line, a second portion of the patterned metal layer is electrically connected to the second region and the third TFT to form a second storage capacitor together with the storage capacitance line, and a third portion of the patterned metal layer is electrically connected to the third TFT to form a first auxiliary capacitor together with the storage capacitance line and to form a second auxiliary capacitor together with the first region;
wherein region forming ratios of the first region to the second region of the first sub-pixel satisfy the formula (3):

Cst1/Clc1>Cst2/Clc2  (3),
wherein Cst1 denotes the first storage capacitor, Cst2 denotes the second storage capacitor, Clc1 denotes the first liquid crystal capacitor, and Clc2 denotes the second liquid crystal capacitor.
12. The LCD panel according to claim 7, wherein the pixels each further comprise a second sub-pixel and a third sub-pixel, the first sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel and the third sub-pixel are disposed adjacent one another along the first scan line, and each of the sub-pixels has a ratio Ra defined by the formula (4):

Ra=CS/(CS+Clc+Cst)  (4),
wherein CS denotes an auxiliary capacitor of each of the sub-pixels, Clc denotes a liquid crystal capacitor of each of the sub-pixels, and Cst denotes a storage capacitor of each of the sub-pixels; and
wherein the first sub-pixel is a red sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel is a green sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel is a blue sub-pixel, and the ratio R, of each of the sub-pixels satisfies the formula (5):

Ra1=Ra2≧Ra3  (5),
wherein Ra1 denotes the ratio of the red pixel, Ra2 denotes the ratio of the green pixel, and Ra3 denotes the ratio of the blue pixel.
13. A method of manufacturing a liquid crystal display (LCD) panel, the method comprising steps of:
forming a first scan line and a second scan line on a thin-film transistor (TFT) substrate;
forming a first TFT and a second TFT having first and second gates electrically connected to the first scan line, and first and second drains overlapping the first scan line;
forming a third TFT having a third gate electrically connected to the second scan line;
forming a data line on the TFT substrate to electrically connect first and second sources of the first and second TFTs;
forming a pixel electrode on the TFT substrate and between the first scan line and the second scan line;
connecting the TFT substrate to an opposing substrate; and
forming a liquid crystal layer between the TFT substrate and the opposing substrate;
wherein
the pixel electrode is divided into a first region and a second region for displaying different signals, the first drain of the first TFT is electrically connected to the first region, the second drain of the second TFT is electrically connected to the second region, and a third drain of the third TFT is electrically connected to the second region; and
a first non-zero overlapped area, where wherein said first scan line overlaps said first drain and said first region, is formed to be smaller than a second non-zero overlapped area, where said first scan line overlaps said second drain and said second region.
14. The method according to claim 13, further comprising a step of:
forming a storage capacitance line on the TFT substrate, wherein the storage capacitance line is electrically connected to the third TFT, and a distance between the storage capacitance line and the first scan line is longer than a distance between the storage capacitance line and the second scan line,
wherein the storage capacitance line is disposed between the pixel electrode and the second scan line.
15. The method according to claim 14, wherein the distance between the storage capacitance line and the second scan line ranges from 4 μm to 20 μm.
16. The method according to claim 14, wherein the storage capacitance line has at least one electrical extension overlapping an edge of the pixel electrode along the data line.
17. The method according to claim 14, further comprising a step of:
forming a patterned metal layer on the thin-film transistor (TFT) substrate and opposite to the storage capacitance line, wherein a first portion of the patterned metal layer is electrically connected to the first region to form a first storage capacitor together with the storage capacitance line, a second portion of the patterned metal layer is electrically connected to the second region and the third TFT to form a second storage capacitor together with the storage capacitance line, and a third portion of the patterned metal layer is electrically connected to the third TFT to form a first auxiliary capacitor together with the storage capacitance line and to form a second auxiliary capacitor together with the first region.
18. The method according to claim 17, wherein region forming ratios of the first region to the second region of the first sub-pixel satisfy the formula (3):

Cst1/Clc1>Cst2/Clc2  (3),
wherein Cst1 denotes the first storage capacitor, Cst2 denotes the second storage capacitor, Clc1 denotes the to first liquid crystal capacitor, and Clc2 denotes the second liquid crystal capacitor.
19. A liquid crystal display (LCD) panel, comprising a thin film transistor substrate, wherein the thin film transistor substrate further comprises:
a plurality of scan lines disposed in parallel on the thin film transistor (TFT) substrate and including a first scan line and a second scan line;
a plurality of pixels, each of the pixels divided into a first region and a second region;
a plurality of TFTs disposed on the TFT substrate and including, for each pixel, a first TFT, a second TFT and a third TFT, wherein
the first TFT is electrically connected to the first scan line,
the first TFT is electrically connected to the first region by a first drain electrode,
the second TFT is electrically connected to the first scan line,
the second TFT is electrically connected to the second region by a second drain electrode,
the third TFT is electrically connected to the second scan line, and
the third TFT is electrically connected to the second region by a third drain electrode;
a data line electrically connected to a first source electrode of the first TFT and a second source electrode of the second TFT; and
a storage capacitance line electrically connected to the third TFT;
wherein the TFTs satisfy the formula (1):

Cgd2>Cgd1  (1),
wherein Cgd1 denotes a parasitic capacitance between the first drain electrode of the first TFT and the first scan line, and Cgd2 denotes a parasitic capacitance between the second drain electrode of the second TFT and the first scan line.
20. A liquid crystal display (LCD) panel, comprising a thin film transistor substrate, wherein the thin film transistor substrate further comprises:
a plurality of scan lines disposed in parallel on the thin film transistor (TFT) substrate and including a first scan line and a second scan line;
a plurality of pixels, each of the pixels divided into a first region and a second region;
a plurality of TFTs disposed on the TFT substrate and including, for each pixel, a first TFT, a second TFT and a third TFT, wherein the first TFT is electrically connected to the first scan line and the first region, the second TFT is electrically connected to the first scan line and the second region, and the third TFT is electrically connected to the second scan line and the second region;
a data line electrically connected to a first source electrode of the first TFT and a second source electrode of the second TFT; and
a storage capacitance line electrically connected to the third TFT;
wherein the TFTs satisfy the formula (2):

W2/L2>W1/L1  (2),
wherein W1 is a channel width of the first TFT, W2 is a channel width of the second TFT, L1 is a channel length of the first TFT and L2 is a channel length of the second TFT.
21. A liquid crystal display (LCD) panel, comprising a thin film transistor substrate, wherein the thin film transistor substrate further comprises:
a plurality of scan lines disposed in parallel on the thin film transistor (TFT) substrate and including a first scan line and a second scan line;
a plurality of pixels, wherein each of the pixels has a pixel electrode divided into a first region and a second region;
a plurality of TFTs disposed on the TFT substrate and including, for each pixel, a first TFT, a second TFT and a third TFT, wherein the first TFT is electrically connected to the first scan line and the first region, the second TFT is electrically connected to the first scan line and the second region, and the third TFT is electrically connected to the second scan line and the second region;
a data line electrically connected to a first source electrode of the first TFT and a second source electrode of the second TFT; and
a storage capacitance line electrically connected to the third TFT;
said LCD panel further comprising:
an opposing substrate disposed opposite to the TFT substrate and having a common electrode, wherein a first liquid crystal capacitor is formed between the common electrode and the first region of the pixel electrode, and a second liquid crystal capacitor is formed between the common electrode and the second region of the pixel electrode;
a liquid crystal layer disposed between the TFT substrate and the opposing substrate;
a first storage capacitor electrically connected to the first region of the pixel electrode;
a second storage capacitor electrically connected to the second region of the pixel electrode and the third TFT; and
a first auxiliary capacitor electrically connected to the third TFT;
wherein region forming ratios of the first region to the second region of the pixel electrode satisfy the formula (3):

Cst1/Clc1>Cst2/Clc2  (3),
wherein Cst1 denotes the first storage capacitor, Cst2 denotes the second storage capacitor, Clc1 denotes the first liquid crystal capacitor, and Clc2 denotes the second liquid crystal capacitor.
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