USRE4308E - Improvement in breech-loading fire-arms - Google Patents

Improvement in breech-loading fire-arms Download PDF


Publication number
USRE4308E US RE4308 E USRE4308 E US RE4308E
United States
Prior art keywords
Prior art date
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Kiel V. Baenekov
Original Assignee
Himself And Geoege w
Publication date




Breech Loading Fire Arm.
No. 4,308. Reissued March 28. 1871.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 104,100, dated June 14, 1870; Reissue No. 4,308, dated March Q8, 1871.
the hammer or its farthest point back. The
Be It known that I, KIEL V. BARNEKov, of r breech-block E carries on each side a lever, M Cornwall, in the county of Orange and State M, pivoted to the block by pinsmt. Theforof New York, have invented a new and useful Ward' points, m m, form hooks and project be- Breech-Loading Fire-Arm; and I do hereby yond the' face of the block E, and when the declare that he following is a full, clear, and I blockEis in its place closebehind the cartridge the hooks m m hold rmly the shoulder of the those skilled in the art to which my Invention cartridge, and springs N N keep the hooks appertains to make and use the same, referclose to the same, so that when the block E is ence being had to the accompanying drawings, being drawn back by the hammer H, the hooks y making part of this specification, and to the m m pull the shell of the cartridge out at the letters and figures marked thereon. rear end of the barrel. Suitable recesses are The nature of my invention consists in simformed in the breech of the barrel to admit plifying the construction and reducing the those hooks m m, and grooves are cut in the number of the different pieces necessary to side pieces,DD,to admit the leversMM. The make a breech-,loading firearm, and in so congrooves in-the side pieces, D D, contract or get strncting and connecting the parts that a sinshallower toward'the rear ends, to press the gle movement of the hammer opens the breech springs N N togetheras soon as the shell is nearafter the gun has been red,extracts the empty ly extracted, so that the hooks mmlet the shell shell, and the gun is ready to be fired again, drop when it isout of the end of the barrel, after a new cartridge has been inserted in and the shell falls through the opening V left place, without another movement of any of the in the lower side of the stock for that purpose. parts; also, in the peculiar construction of the To prevent the extracted sheel from falling hammer and breech-block, as hereinafter parinto the lock, the plate W is properly secured ticularly described.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a longitudinaly power to the hammer, and it is connected to in front of the lock. The spring S S gives the section of my. improved tire-arm. Fig. 2 is a the hammer H bythe link L, which link is' connected to the hammer by the pin Z and to the spring S by the pin P. The trigger Q is held against the flange K of the hammeI'H by the spring U pressing 0n the arm T', the arm T resting in r2 when the hammer is in the second rest, and in r when in first rest. The face of the hammer forms an obtuse-angled depression, h ha, and the rear end ofthe breech-block E is of corresponding form, so that the concussion is simultaneous at all points of contact of the hammer and breechfblock.
When the cartridge is in its place,if the gun is not to be discharged immediately, the hammer top view. Fig. 3 is a crosssection of the lock. A represents the rear end or the barrel; C,
block E. This block has a plate-like projection, F, on its rear end, into which is cut a slot, G G2 G3. This projection F lies in a recess cut in the hammer H, to receive it when in position, as shown in`Fig. 1, and a pin, I, in the lower forward corner of the hammer,` goes through the slot at G. The slot G G2 is shaped concentric withfthe center h of the hammer H-that is, the hammer H can be drawn backward around the center h without moving the plate Fand the breech-block E until the pin I arrives at G2, when, by moving the hammer H still farther back, the pin I pulls inch of the flange of the cartridge C, `so that the pin I goes from G3 nearly to the corner G2. In this position the gun is perfectly safe from any premature discharge, and the hooks m m do not yetl take hold of the cartridge C; but if the gu-n is to be discharged, pull the hammer H back again to the second rest and pull the trigger (2. The hammer will then, by the power of springSS', moveforvvard. The pinI the small number of pieces, necessary in its will push the breech-blockl E close to the car-V construction render it a very desirable fire- Y tridge C Without striking it; When the pin I ar m. arrives at the corner Gl, the hammer H will Vhat I claim as new, and desire to secure finish its Way, the pin I following the eonfcenby Letters Patent, is
y tric curve G2 G. The hammer H Weill fall with I. rIhe hammer H and pin I in combination its obtuse-angled concave face hl h3 on the corwith the breech-block E and?slotted plate F,
responding face of the breech-block E and all as herein shown and described.
strike a quickand powerful blow on the cen- 2. The slot G Gr'z 'Gr3 in the projection F, ter of thecartridge by means of the front face made kas shown and described, for the purof the breechblock E, where a projecting pose speeiiedf.
"point, c, hitsy the center of thecartridge and 3.' The combination of the Yhammer H and explodes it. The back pressure of the exploits pin I with the slotted plate F, when consion through the breech-block is taken up by struoted and operating substantially 'as shown the portion h2 of the face of the hammer and i and described. carried over to the center-pin h of the hammer, 4. The combination of the pivoted hooked which must be strong enoughto standtheblow; levers M M, springs N N, and grooved side but the pressure is never strong enough to pieces, D D, for extracting the empty shell, Open the breechvhieh could here be doneonly When constructed and operating as herein byTpushing `back the hammer. l shown and. described. n
he operation of this gun is so simple only f f T one movement of the hammer being reqnired i f' Y k BABE EKOV' to open the breech to remove the old shell and f Witnesses: to make ready to fire, that. an inexperienced EDWARD E. BUNKER,
person can readily understand the action,while l DAV ID VAN DY CK.



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