USRE32576E - Combination rear view mirror and digital clock - Google Patents

Combination rear view mirror and digital clock Download PDF

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Publication number
USRE32576E
USRE32576E US06925673 US92567386A USRE32576E US RE32576 E USRE32576 E US RE32576E US 06925673 US06925673 US 06925673 US 92567386 A US92567386 A US 92567386A US RE32576 E USRE32576 E US RE32576E
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US
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Grant
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Prior art keywords
instrument
mirror
view
rear
indicating
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
US06925673
Inventor
Ronald Pastore
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R1/00Optical viewing arrangements
    • B60R1/12Mirror assemblies combined with other articles, e.g. clocks
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B5/00Optical elements other than lenses
    • G02B5/08Mirrors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R1/00Optical viewing arrangements
    • B60R1/12Mirror assemblies combined with other articles, e.g. clocks
    • B60R2001/1215Mirror assemblies combined with other articles, e.g. clocks with information displays
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R1/00Optical viewing arrangements
    • B60R1/12Mirror assemblies combined with other articles, e.g. clocks
    • B60R2001/1246Mirror assemblies combined with other articles, e.g. clocks with clocks

Abstract

An improved rear view mirror which may contain any of a wide variety of indicator instruments such as a clock, speedometer, etc. Use of this improved mirror improves driving safety in that the driver does not have to divert his attention and visual eye contact downward to see a normal instrument cluster. Instruments are easily connected and installed and, if necessary, removed by means of removable back plate and sliding pressure contacts. The instruments may be illuminated for ease of night time viewing.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention generally relates to an improvement of rear view mirrors to allow the incorporation and integraton of any of a number of measuring instruments. Present practice in automotive instrumentation is to include such common measuring instruments as the odometer, clock, speedometer, fuel gauge, battery indicator, and many additional instruments into a cluster located directly in front of or slightly to the right of the driver and below the steering wheel. While this is a convenient place for instrument location, it does present the driver with a problematic choice: while in motion does he risk taking his eyes off traffic to check his gauges, or risk speeding or running out of fuel?

SUMMARY OF THE PRESENT INVENTION

It is therefore a primary object of the present invention to provide an improved rear view mirror which allows the driver of any motor vehicle to frequently observe important gauges without diverting his eyes from traffic. Most drivers routinely check their rear view mirror to check for approaching cars etc. This requires little or no loss of eye contact with forward traffic. At this same instant of time, through the use of the present invention, the driver could also check his gauges or clock.

A further object is to provide for the transmittal of power and data to and from the indicating instrument. All instruments require some sort of ground connection. This may be accomplished by providing each instrument with a ground ring which comes into intimate contact with the grounded silvered surface of the mirror itself. Power and data connections may be made by utilizing a multiplicity of electrically active regions on the case of the instrument as power inputs and output connections to which are assured by using pressure contact clips. The connecting cables may then be attached to these clips, fed through the body of the mirror and may then exit the mirror through a hollow mirror mounting column.

A further object is to make the display easily visible to the driver. This is accomplished by removing the silvering that would otherwise block the instrument from view. This removed silvering then forms a window. The display itself may be illuminated by means of a pilot lamp or light emitting display.

A yet further object is to make the instrument easy to install into the mirror and easy to remove should the instrument require repair. This is accomplished by means of a removable back plate which also contain any necessary openings of access to instrument setting and/or adjustment controls.

Further objects of the invention will appear as the description proceeds.

To the accomplishment of the above and related objects, this invention may be embodied in the form illustrated in the accompanying drawings, attention being called to the fact, however, that the drawings are illustrative only and that changes may be made in the specific construction illustrated and described within the scope of the appended claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIGURES

The figures in the drawings are biefly described as follows:

FIG. 1 is a front view of the motor vehicle rear view mirror with the invention incorporated therein.

FIG. 2 is a cross sectional view taken along line 2--2 in FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a partial front view of a wall mirror or the like with a modified form of the invention attached thereto.

FIG. 4 is an exploded cross sectional view taken along line 4--4 in FIG. 3 showing how the time piece is attached by clear adhesive to the rear surface.

FIG. 5 is a partial front view of a rear view mirror shown with the invention installed in the embodiment of a fuel gauge.

FIG. 6 is a partial front view of a rear view mirror shown with the invention installed in the embodiment of a cluster of on-off light indicators.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

The present invention may be more readily understood with reference to the drawing figures. In FIG. 1 the invention is shown with the installed instrument as digital clock 12. The digital display of clock 12 is visible through window 14 which represents a region where mirror silvering has either been removed or was never deposited. Typical time setting and control buttons 16 and 18 are seen protruding above the top of the invention 10.

FIG. 2 shows how the clock 12 may actually be mounted into the invention 10. First, removable back plate 20 is removed. Digital clock 12 is slipped into place under pressure clip 22 until its hits the end of insertion stop 24. Every electrical measuring instrument requires a ground connection. This is accomplished by providing the digital clock 12 with a ground ring 26 which is in intimate electrical contact with grounded silvered surface 28 thereby providing a secure ground. Power to digital clock 12 is supplied through contact of an insulated pressure clip 22 an an electrically active region 30 of the digital clock 12.

The connections then proceed from typical pressure clip 22, through typical cable 48, through hollow mirror mounting column 50 and thereby to the instrument console of the motor vehicle.

It may be seen that this system of connection may provide for a multiplicity of connections thereby allowing the use of many different kinds of indicators and the use of multiple indicators.

FIG. 3 represents an application of the invention to a wall mounted clock in which the clock may be analog or digital. Furthermore, FIG. 4 shows how an optically transparent adhesive 34 may be applied to secure this clock 32 to silvered surface 36 without obscuring window 38.

FIG. 5 shows an alternative embodiment of the invention 10 in which the indicating instrument is a fuel gauge 40. FIG. 6 shows another alternative embodiment of the invention in which the indicating instrument is a cluster of on-off indicator lamps such as battery lamp 42, oil pressure lamp 44 and seat belt indicator lamp 46.

While certain novel features of this invention have been shown and described and are pointed out in the annexed claims, it will be understood that various omissions, substitutions and changes in the forms and details of the device illustrated and in its operation can be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention.

Claims (6)

What is claimed is:
1. A rear view mirror for use in motor vehicles comprising in combination a frame supporting a mirror with a grounded reflective silvered surface on the back of the mirror, an indication instrument means for transmitting power and data to said indicating instrument, means for making said indicating instrument visible to a user of sair rear view mirror, means for attaching said indicating instrument to said rear view mirror including access means for accessing instrument controls and adjustments on the indicating instrument and removal means for removal of said indicating instrument, said means for transmitting power and data to said measuring instrument further comprising a ground connection to a car's electrical system by means of direct contact between a ground ring on said measuring instrument and said grounded reflective silvered surface on said mirror; at least one pressure clip which contacts electrically active regions on the indicating instrument in such a manner as to assure low resistance electrical contact and sufficient numbers of conductors to transmit said data and power; and a cable with a multiplicity of conductors which is connected on one end to said pressure clips and exits said rear view mirror.
2. A rear view mirror, as recited in claim 1, wherein said indicating instrument consists of a digital clock.
3. A rear view mirror, as recited in claim 1, wherein said indicating instrument consists of an analog clock.
4. A rear view mirror, as recited in claim 1, wherein said means for making said indicating instrument visible to a user of said rear view mirror comprises removing an appropriate area of silvering on said grounded reflective silvered surface of said mirror so as to form a window.
5. A rear view mirror, as recited in claim 1 wherein said means for attaching said indicating instrument to said rear view mirror comprises a removable back plate and an end of insertion stop. .Iadd.
6. A rear view mirror for use in motor vehicles comprising in combination a frame supporting a mirror with a grounded reflective silvered surface on the back of the mirror, an indication instrument means for transmitting power and data to said indicating instrument, means for making said indicating instrument visible to a user of said rear view mirror, means for attaching said indicating instrument to said rear view mirror, including access means for accessing instrument controls and adjustments on the indicating instrument and removal means for removal of said indicating instrument, said means for attaching said indicating instrument to said improved rear view mirror comprises a removable back plate and an end of insertion stop. .Iaddend. .Iadd.7. A rear view mirror for use in motor vehicles comprising in combination a frame supporting a mirror with a grounded reflective silvered surface on the back of the mirror, an indication instrument means for transmitting power and data to said indicating instrument, means for making said indicating instrument visible to a user of said rear view mirror, means for attaching said indicating instrument to said rear view mirror including access means for accessing instrument controls and adjustments on the indicating instrument and removal means for removal of said indicating instrument, said means for transmitting power and data to said measuring instrument further comprising a ground connection to a car's electrical system by means of a direct contact between a ground ring on said measuring instrument and said grounded reflective silvered surface on said mirror; at least one pressure clip which contacts electrically active regions on the indicating instrument in such a manner as to assure low resistance electrical contact and sufficient numbers of conductors to transmit said data and power. .Iaddend.
US06925673 1984-01-18 1986-10-31 Combination rear view mirror and digital clock Expired - Fee Related USRE32576E (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US06571820 US4588267A (en) 1984-01-18 1984-01-18 Combination rear view mirror and digital clock
US06925673 USRE32576E (en) 1984-01-18 1986-10-31 Combination rear view mirror and digital clock

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US06925673 USRE32576E (en) 1984-01-18 1986-10-31 Combination rear view mirror and digital clock

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US06571820 Reissue US4588267A (en) 1984-01-18 1984-01-18 Combination rear view mirror and digital clock

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
USRE32576E true USRE32576E (en) 1988-01-12

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US06925673 Expired - Fee Related USRE32576E (en) 1984-01-18 1986-10-31 Combination rear view mirror and digital clock

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US5099462A (en) * 1991-05-02 1992-03-24 Karowski Robert E Construction hat timepiece apparatus
US5223814A (en) * 1988-12-05 1993-06-29 Prince Corporation Sensor for vehicle accessories
US5455716A (en) * 1990-08-14 1995-10-03 Prince Corporation Vehicle mirror with electrical accessories
US5469298A (en) * 1991-08-14 1995-11-21 Prince Corporation Reflective display at infinity
US5475366A (en) * 1988-12-05 1995-12-12 Prince Corporation Electrical control system for vehicle options
US5576687A (en) * 1991-12-20 1996-11-19 Donnelly Corporation Vehicle information display
US5614885A (en) * 1988-12-05 1997-03-25 Prince Corporation Electrical control system for vehicle options
US5793308A (en) * 1992-07-02 1998-08-11 Sensorvision Technologies, L.L.C. Vehicular position monitoring system with integral mirror video display
US6170956B1 (en) 1998-10-14 2001-01-09 Gentex Corporation Rearview mirror with display
US6247820B1 (en) 1995-02-13 2001-06-19 Johnson Controls Technology Company Electro-optic mirror with contrasting display
US6257746B1 (en) 1998-11-03 2001-07-10 K. W. Muth Company, Inc. Signalling assembly
US6345015B1 (en) 1999-06-10 2002-02-05 Lonnie Coulson Tooth brushing timer
US6447128B1 (en) 2000-07-28 2002-09-10 Lang-Mekra North America Llc Rearview mirror assembly for a vehicle with monitor
US20030112121A1 (en) * 2001-12-19 2003-06-19 Lear Corporation Universal garage door operating system and method
US6642840B2 (en) 2000-07-28 2003-11-04 Lang-Mekra North Amicica, Llc Rearview mirror assembly with monitor
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US20050024185A1 (en) * 2003-07-30 2005-02-03 Lear Corporation Remote control automatic appliance activation
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US20050024255A1 (en) * 2003-07-30 2005-02-03 Lear Corporation Bus-based appliance remote control
US6996031B1 (en) * 2003-03-20 2006-02-07 Cripe Jeffery L Mirror with digital clock readout
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US20080169899A1 (en) * 2007-01-12 2008-07-17 Lear Corporation Voice programmable and voice activated vehicle-based appliance remote control
US20080180529A1 (en) * 2000-03-02 2008-07-31 Donnelly Corporation Video mirror system for a vehicle
US20080266389A1 (en) * 2000-03-02 2008-10-30 Donnelly Corporation Vehicular video mirror system
US20090201137A1 (en) * 2000-03-02 2009-08-13 Donnelly Corporation Rearview assembly with display
US20090219394A1 (en) * 1998-01-07 2009-09-03 Donnelly Corporation Accessory mounting system suitable for use in a vehicle
US20090243824A1 (en) * 2008-03-31 2009-10-01 Magna Mirrors Of America, Inc. Interior rearview mirror system
US20090262192A1 (en) * 1995-05-22 2009-10-22 Donnelly Corporation Vehicular vision system
US20090290369A1 (en) * 2000-03-02 2009-11-26 Donnelly Corporation information display system for a vehicle
US20100033797A1 (en) * 2003-10-02 2010-02-11 Donnelly Corporation Mirror reflective element assembly
US20100045790A1 (en) * 2001-01-23 2010-02-25 Donnelly Corporation Video mirror system for vehicle
US20100085645A1 (en) * 1999-11-24 2010-04-08 Donnelly Corporation Information display system for vehicle
US20100095106A1 (en) * 2008-10-15 2010-04-15 Icera Inc. Boot algorithm
US20100117815A1 (en) * 1997-08-25 2010-05-13 Donnelly Corporation Interior mirror system
US20100207013A1 (en) * 2002-05-03 2010-08-19 Donnelly Corporation Vehicle rearview mirror system
US20100219985A1 (en) * 1998-01-07 2010-09-02 Donnelly Corporation Accessory system suitable for use in a vehicle
US20110019260A1 (en) * 2002-09-20 2011-01-27 Donnelly Corporation Vehicular electrochromic interior rearview mirror assembly
US7914188B2 (en) 1997-08-25 2011-03-29 Donnelly Corporation Interior rearview mirror system for a vehicle
US7918570B2 (en) 2002-06-06 2011-04-05 Donnelly Corporation Vehicular interior rearview information mirror system
US20110109746A1 (en) * 2003-10-14 2011-05-12 Donnelly Corporation Vehicle information display
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US8049640B2 (en) 2003-05-19 2011-11-01 Donnelly Corporation Mirror assembly for vehicle
US8083386B2 (en) 2001-01-23 2011-12-27 Donnelly Corporation Interior rearview mirror assembly with display device
US8164817B2 (en) 1994-05-05 2012-04-24 Donnelly Corporation Method of forming a mirrored bent cut glass shape for vehicular exterior rearview mirror assembly
US8228588B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2012-07-24 Donnelly Corporation Interior rearview mirror information display system for a vehicle
US8282226B2 (en) 2002-06-06 2012-10-09 Donnelly Corporation Interior rearview mirror system
US8288711B2 (en) 1998-01-07 2012-10-16 Donnelly Corporation Interior rearview mirror system with forwardly-viewing camera and a control
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US8503062B2 (en) 2005-05-16 2013-08-06 Donnelly Corporation Rearview mirror element assembly for vehicle
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Cited By (176)

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US5223814A (en) * 1988-12-05 1993-06-29 Prince Corporation Sensor for vehicle accessories
US5699044A (en) 1988-12-05 1997-12-16 Prince Corporation Electrical control system for vehicle options
US5475366A (en) * 1988-12-05 1995-12-12 Prince Corporation Electrical control system for vehicle options
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US5614885A (en) * 1988-12-05 1997-03-25 Prince Corporation Electrical control system for vehicle options
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US5099462A (en) * 1991-05-02 1992-03-24 Karowski Robert E Construction hat timepiece apparatus
US5469298A (en) * 1991-08-14 1995-11-21 Prince Corporation Reflective display at infinity
US5576687A (en) * 1991-12-20 1996-11-19 Donnelly Corporation Vehicle information display
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US8164817B2 (en) 1994-05-05 2012-04-24 Donnelly Corporation Method of forming a mirrored bent cut glass shape for vehicular exterior rearview mirror assembly
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US8288711B2 (en) 1998-01-07 2012-10-16 Donnelly Corporation Interior rearview mirror system with forwardly-viewing camera and a control
US20110166785A1 (en) * 1998-04-08 2011-07-07 Donnelly Corporation Interior rearview mirror system
US8525703B2 (en) 1998-04-08 2013-09-03 Donnelly Corporation Interior rearview mirror system
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