USRE23293E - Fuse construction - Google Patents

Fuse construction Download PDF

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USRE23293E
USRE23293E US23293DE USRE23293E US RE23293 E USRE23293 E US RE23293E US 23293D E US23293D E US 23293DE US RE23293 E USRE23293 E US RE23293E
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terminal
fuse
tube
assembly
lightning arrester
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01TSPARK GAPS; OVERVOLTAGE ARRESTERS USING SPARK GAPS; SPARKING PLUGS; CORONA DEVICES; GENERATING IONS TO BE INTRODUCED INTO NON-ENCLOSED GASES
    • H01T4/00Overvoltage arresters using spark gaps
    • H01T4/08Overvoltage arresters using spark gaps structurally associated with protected apparatus

Description

R. H. EARLE Nov. 14, 1950 Original Filed May 13, 1946,

Luv:

f'lvni'or fliiorney Reissuecl Nov. 14, 1950 UNITED STATE COMBINED LIGHTNING ARRESTER AND FUSE CONSTRUCTION f,

Ralph H. Earle, Wauwatosa, Wis., assignor to Me- Graw Electric Company, a corporation of Delaware Original No. 2,490,952, dated December 13, 1949, Serial No. 669,256, May 13, 1946. Application for reissue March 1'7, 1951!, Serial No. 150,170,

7 Claims. (G-1.200 115 Matter enclosed in heavy brackets appears in theoriginal patent but forms no part of this reissue specification; matter printed in italics indicates the additions made by reissue This invention relates to a combined lightning in which the insulating barrel or tube of the.

lightning arrester is used for two purposes, one of which is to house the arrester itself, namely the spark gaps and the valve material, and the other to support the fuse construction thereby avoiding the expense of providing a separate and distinct support for the fuse.

Further objects are to provide a combined fuse and lightning arrester in which the fuse is carried on the outside of the lightning arrester to render the fuse readily accessible for refusing or inspection and in one form of the invention to so correlate the fuse and lightning arrester construction that there will be no radio interference.

Embodiments of the invention are shown in the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a vertical elevation of a combined lightning arrester and fuse showing one form of the invention with parts of the lightning arrester broken away and in section.

[Figure 2 is a similar view showing a further form of the invention] Referring to Figure 1 it will be seen that the lightning arrester is indicated generally by the reference character I and the fuse construction by the reference character 2. The lightning arrester comprises an elongated tube 3 of porcelain, glass or other suitable insulating material. It is preferably provided with a series of spaced ribs 5 in accordance withthe usual practice and is closed at its upper end except for a small aperture 6.

silicon carbide, fills the major portion of the cylinder and may extend down to the dotted line 8, for instance. The lower end of the lightning arrester is provided with a series of Valve material I, such as.

spark gaps 9 terminating in a lower fitting or I I Between the shoulder I2 and the metal plate 13 it is preferable to provide a gasket l4.

sulating cement l5 fills the enlarged lower end of the arrester and interlocks with the tube 3 as the tube is provided with a plurality of anfnular grooves IS in accordance with the usual The housing 3 of i upper portion of the Valve material I.

practice. A lower hanger ll formed of metal is held to the lower portion of the arrester by means of the nut l2.v This hanger is attached to a pole or other suitable support and is grounded as indicated, i

The'upper end of the arrester is provided with an upper contact member l8 in contact with the v A metal cap 19 having downwardly extending flanges overlaps. the reduced upper end 20 of the arrester and. is provided with an externally threaded pin 2| that extends through the opening 6 inthe tube 3 and isscrewed into the contact member l8, gaskets being positioned above the contact ,member, l8 and belowthe .cap 19 so as to insure seams.

The cap 19 forms in reality an upper terminal and may have a projecting portion 22 adapted toreceivea clamp. or other type of fastener 23. The upper terminal isfintegral with an upper terminal arm 24, which forms the upper terminal ,of the fuse structure.

At a point intermediate the ends of the tube 3, the lower terminal of the fuse structure is positioned and takes the form of an annular clamp 25 to which a pair of spring arms 26 are secured. These spring arms are each provided with a loop 21 to increase their rearms 25 ,may be like that shown in the patent to Schultz et al., No. 2,311,092 of February 16, 1943, for Repeating cutout construction.

It is to be understood, of course, that in the present invention a single fuse link and an upper and lower terminal assembly is employed. As shown in the patent, the upper terminal 24 and the lower terminal 28 are hook-like members that removably receive the upper and lower terminals 30 and 3| of the fuse link, suitable eyelets 32 being provided at the upper and lower terminals. All of this construction is described in considerable detail in the above noted patent. v

The upper terminal of the combined fuse construction and lightning arrester is connected with the high tension line 33 and the lower terminal 25 of the fuse construction is connected to the load line as indicated at 34. The lower terminal of the lightning arrester is the metal bracket I! which is grounded.

It is to be noted that other means may be provided for supporting the combined lightnin'g'a'rrester and fuse construction. For instance, a hanger may be used to encircle a portion of the tube "3 of the lightning arrester and may be attached to a pole or other support in the usual manner. [Such a hangar is illustrated in Figure 2 hereinafter described] It is to be noted that the insulatingtube 3 of the lightning arrester provides a very firm and adequate support for the fuse construction which latter in no way interferes with the correct operation of the lightning arrester. Similarly, the lightning arrester does not interfere with the correct action of the fuse. 7

When an overload occurs, the fuse link is ruptured and the lower terminal 28, which is spring urged downwardly by the resilient arms 26; quickly separates any remaining portion of the fuse link and throws the lower portion of the fuse link downwardly away from the apparatus.

.Q'This form of the invention is free from radio disturbance as it will be seen that the terminal 18, '24 of the fuse construction and lightning arrester and the lower terminal 25 of the fuse construction are at line potential, and the lower terminal 25 of the fuse construction is adjacent the valve material, all of which valve material is at line potential. Thus, there is no radio disturbance produced by this construction.

It is to be noted that the 'pin II and socket or fitting II) at the lower end of the lightning ar-,

rester provide ease in assembly and form a means of connecting the lower terminal [1 with the lowest member of the spark gap assembly. A spring 35 is positioned around the pin II and below the fitting l and holds the spark gap assembly 9 upwardl in contact with the valve material.

[The form of the invention shown'in'Figure 2 is very much like that described in connection with Figure 1 except that the position 'of the spark gap and valve material is reversed. The valve material is indicated by the reference character 36 in Figure 2 and the spark gap assembly fby'the reference character 31. The fuse assembly is substantially as hereinbefore described and is indicated generally by the reference character '38. Its lower terminal 39 is clamped about the tube 40 of the lightning arrester in exactly the same manner as previously described. The lower end of the lightning arrester shown in Figure 2 may be provided with a downwardly projecting annular flange 4! which contacts with a sealing metal plate 42. If desired, a gasket may be positioned between the plate 42 and the flange 4|. This metal plate is welded, brazed or otherwise secured to a pin 43 whose upper end is threaded and is screwed into the contact member 44 which engages the lower portion of the valve material,

"a suitable gasket being positioned between the contact member 44 and the transverse web 45 of the tube 40. The upper end of the tube 40 is closed by a metal cap 46 which is spun over the beaded upper end 41 of the tube 40 in the usual manner, a suitable gasket, not shown, being provided] [A second rib or bead 48 is positioned below the bead 41 and a circular clamping metal member the high tension line 52 in any suitable way and the lower terminal 39 of the fuse construction is connected to the load line 53 in any suitable manner. The lower metal plate "42 or lower terminal of the lightning arrester is provided with a connector 54 of any suitable type, which is connected to the ground as indicated] [Any suitable supporting means may be provided, such as the circular clamping hanger 55 which is adapted to be attached to any support.]

It is to be understood that other types of fuse constructions could be employed if desired without departing -from the spirit of this invention. However, the type of fuse assembly disclosed is eminently suitable as it is of light weight and as it throws the lower end of the fuse link downwardly away from the high tension line when rupture occurs. This invention is primarily concerned with the unitary assembly of a lightning arrester and a fuse in which advantage is taken of the excellent insulation afforded by the elongated insulating tube of the lightning arrester to directly support a fuse assembly and to provide ample insulation not only between the terminals of the fuse assembly but also between the supporting means, such as the hanger and the other terminals of the assembly.

'It is to be noted that the fuse link assembly does not span the entire length of the elongated insulating tube but, instead, spans only a part thereof.

Although this invention has been described in considerable detail, it is to be understood that such description is "intended as illustrativerather than limiting, as the invention may be variously embodied and is to be interpreted as claimed.

' I claim:

1. A combined fuse construction and "lightning arrester comprising an elongated insulating tube having an upper terminal adapted to be connected to a line and a bottom terminal adapted to be connected to the ground and having an intermediate terminal, valve material located within said tube and extending from the upper terminal to a point below the intermediate terminal, spark gap means connected to the lower "end of said valve material and extending to the bottom terminal, and a fuse link connected between said upper and intermediate terminals and being spaced from said spark gap means longitudinally of said elongated insulating tube.

2. A combined fuse construction and lightning arrester comprising an elongated insulating tube, a rigid upper terminal assembly carried by the upper end of said tube and adapted to be connected to a line and having fuse link engaging means, an intermediate load terminal havinga portion encircling an intermediate part of said tube and having a resilient outwardly extending portion terminating in fuse link engagingmeans, a fuse link between said fuse link engaging means, a bottom terminal adapted "to be connected to the ground, and valve material and a spark gap assembly connected in series between the upper terminal assembly and the bottom terminal and located within said tube With the valve material extending downwardly fromthe upper terminal to a pointbelowthe intermediate terminal, said fuse link being spaced from said spark gap assembly longitudinally of said *elon-' gated'insulating tube.

3. A combined fuse construction and lightning arrester comprising'an elongated insulating tube, a rigid upper terminal assembly carried by the upper end-of'said tube andadapted tribe-connect ed to a line and having fuse linkngaging means,

an intermediate load terminal having a portion encircling an intermediat part of said tube and having a resilient outwardly extending portion terminating in fuse link engaging means, a fuse link between said fuse link engaging means, a bottom terminal adapted to be connected to the ground, valve material and a spark gap assembly connected in series between the upper terminal assembly and the bottom terminal and located within said tube with the valve material extending downwardly from the upper terminal to a point below the intermediate terminal, said fuse link being spaced from said spark gap assembly longitudinally of said elongated insulating tube, said spark gap assembly having a slidable connection with said lower terminal, and spring means urging said spark gap assembly upwardly to maintain contact with said valve material.

4. In a combined fuse construction and lightning arrester assembly, the combination with an elongated insulating tube having a line terminal at one end provided with a fuse link engaging contact, a grounding terminal at the other end, and a load terminal intermediate said ends provided with a resilient outwardly extending portion terminating in a fuse link engaging contact, said terminals insulated from each other by said tube and said grounding terminal serving as a support for said assembly, of valve material in said tube connected to said Zine terminal and extending to a point between said load terminal and said grounding terminal and a gap assembly in series with said valve material and said grounding terminal, whereby a fuse link suspended between said fuse link engaging contacts will be spaced from said spark gap assembly longitudinally of said elongated insulating tube.

5. In a combination fuse construction and lightning arrester assembly, the combination with an elongated insulating tube having a line terminal at one end provided with a fuse link engaging contact, a grounding conductor at the other end, and a load terminal intermediate said ends provided with a resilient outwardly extending portion terminating in a fuse link engaging contact, said line terminal, load terminal and conductor insulated from each other by said tube, of an arrester assembly including a spark gap having an electrode electrically connected to said line terminal and normally at substantially the same potential as said line and load terminals and having a grounding electrode connected to said grounding conductor, said gap disposed in said tube at a point between said load terminal and said grounding conductor, whereby a fuse link suspended between said contacts is spaced from said gap longitudinally of said elongated tube.

6. In a combined fuse construction and lightning arrester assembly, the combination with an elongated insulating tube having a line terminal at one end including a fuse link engaging contact, said line terminal exposed interiorly and exteriorly of said tube and a second terminal mounted on said tube intermediate the ends thereof and including a fuse link engaging contact, of a spark gap disposed in said tube, said gap having one electrode electrically connected to said line terminal and normally at substantially the same potential as said terminals and having a second electrode at the other end of said tube including a conductive element extending to the exterior of said tube for cooperation with a grounded connection the electrodes of said gap being positioned between said second terminal and said conductive element.

7. In a combined fuse construction and lightning arrester assembly, the combination with an elongated insulating tube having a line terminal at its upper end including a fuse engaging contact, said line terminal apposed interiorly and exteriorly of said tube, a second terminal mounted on and intermediate the ends of said tube and having a fuse engaging contact, of an arrester assembly mounted in said tube including a gap and having current limiting characteristics, said gap disposed below said second terminal and having one electrode electrically connected to said line terminal and also having a second electrode including a conductive element eateriorly of the end of said tube opposed to the first mentioned end, said conductive element and second electrode being insulated from each other and from said line terminal by said tube.

RALPH I-I. EARLE.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent or the original patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,159,205 Frank Nov. 2, 1915 1,873,499 Steinmayer Aug. 23, 1932 1,939,371 Spurgeon Dec. 12, 1933 2,185,105 Hill Dec. 26, 1939 2,376,996 Fox May 29, 1945

US23293D Fuse construction Expired USRE23293E (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3038046A (en) * 1960-05-18 1962-06-05 Mc Graw Edison Co Combined cutout and lightning arrester bracket assembly

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3038046A (en) * 1960-05-18 1962-06-05 Mc Graw Edison Co Combined cutout and lightning arrester bracket assembly

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