USRE21984E - Fife coupling - Google Patents

Fife coupling Download PDF

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Publication number
USRE21984E
USRE21984E US21984DE USRE21984E US RE21984 E USRE21984 E US RE21984E US 21984D E US21984D E US 21984DE US RE21984 E USRE21984 E US RE21984E
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
coupling
brake
tubular piece
wheel
part
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Priority to DE2108714X priority Critical
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Publication of USRE21984E publication Critical patent/USRE21984E/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16LPIPES; JOINTS OR FITTINGS FOR PIPES; SUPPORTS FOR PIPES, CABLES OR PROTECTIVE TUBING; MEANS FOR THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16L29/00Joints with fluid cut-off means
    • F16L29/04Joints with fluid cut-off means with a cut-off device in each of the two pipe ends, the cut-off devices being automatically opened when the coupling is applied
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60TVEHICLE BRAKE CONTROL SYSTEMS OR PARTS THEREOF; BRAKE CONTROL SYSTEMS OR PARTS THEREOF, IN GENERAL; ARRANGEMENT OF BRAKING ELEMENTS ON VEHICLES IN GENERAL; PORTABLE DEVICES FOR PREVENTING UNWANTED MOVEMENT OF VEHICLES; VEHICLE MODIFICATIONS TO FACILITATE COOLING OF BRAKES
    • B60T17/00Component parts, details, or accessories of power brake systems not covered by groups B60T8/00, B60T13/00 or B60T15/00, or presenting other characteristic features
    • B60T17/04Arrangements of piping, valves in the piping, e.g. cut-off valves, couplings or air hoses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/8593Systems
    • Y10T137/87917Flow path with serial valves and/or closures
    • Y10T137/87925Separable flow path section, valve or closure in each
    • Y10T137/87941Each valve and/or closure operated by coupling motion
    • Y10T137/87949Linear motion of flow path sections operates both
    • Y10T137/87957Valves actuate each other
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • Y10T29/4984Retaining clearance for motion between assembled parts
    • Y10T29/49845Retaining clearance for motion between assembled parts by deforming interlock
    • Y10T29/49853Retaining clearance for motion between assembled parts by deforming interlock of sphere, i.e., ball, in socket

Description

P. HIRSCH E1" AL .L 4 m om 2 Q m PIPE COUPLING Original Filed Sept. 22, 1956 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTORS: fter film-cl: BY kadolf Kaiser i. O. \J

AGENT.

Dec. 23, 1941. P. HIRSCH ET AL Re. 21,984

PIPE COUPLING Original Filed Sept. 22, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Inventors.- Peter [fin h Rudolf Kaiser M "Y mum.

Reissued Dec. 23, 1941 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE PEPE COUPLING Peter Hirsch, New York, N. Y., and Rudolf Kaiser,

Hohenneuendorf, signers to Michigan son, Mich.

Original No.

6 Claims.

to fluid operated brakes into the vehicle wheels to pipe couplings for This invention relates which are incorporated and more particularly brakes of this type.

Liquid operated brakes for wheels of vehicles heretofore have been exclusively constructed so that the wheel body had to be separated from the brake, if the wheel was to be removed e. g. for the repair of the tire and it was only necessary to take the wheel body off the axle leaving the brake casing together with its liquid carrying conduits, untouched. This design has been developed and is in general use with automobiles, because the removal of the brake would require disconnecting the latter from the pipes or conduits carrying the liquid and serious difficulties would arise when such a removal and reassembly becomes necessary on account of the time consuming refilling and priming of the brake system dueto a loss of liquid in the fluid system or due to the inclusion of air in the system.

At present all brakes forthe wheels of vehicles are constructed in a manner which may best be explained, by way of example, in connection with the wheels-of an aircraft because in this case the most difficult operating conditions prevail. Owing to the constantly increased flying speed of aircrafts the landing speed also is increased in the same proportion and it is practically impossible to compensate the increased landing speed by longer run outs. Therefore, the brake has to absorb the increased kinetic energy, i. e, such energy must be converted into heat and the heat must be absorbed and dissipated. The enlargement of the brake itself is limited on account of the space available within the wheel and the increased amount of heat developed endangers the safety of operation because an increased amount of heat, on the one hand, may lead to a destruction of the brake lining respectively of the braking surfaces and, on the other hand, may damage the tire. In fact, an improved brake for the wheels of aircraft represents one of the most important problems in the further development of aircraft.

What has been mentioned above in connection with the brakes of the wheels of an aircraft is also true for liquid operated brakes of other fast vehicles, as the diiiiculties encountered in braking such vehicles are the same as for aircrafts.

The present invention is based upon the knowledge .that the efficiency of a brake of given weight and dimensions can be increased only it near Berlin, Germany, as- Patents Corporation, Jack- 2,108,7l4, dated February 15, 1938, Serial No. 102,023, September cation for reissue April 20,

In Germany September 28, 1935 22, 1938. Appli- 1940, Serial No.

surface available 101' dissipation and cooling is' ensured without increase of weight.

Our new wheel and brake design has been made possible by the utilization of a self sealing pipe coupling provided in each pipe carrying brake fluid to the vehicle wheels. Both coupling parts of the ,coupling are equipped with an automatically acting self sealing valve positively held open if the coupling is connected and being automatically closed if the coupling is disconnected. Pipe couplings of the kind referred to are known per se but heretofore the advantage of the use of such pipe couplings and its effect on the design of vehicle wheels provided with liquid operated brakeshas not been recognized.

In fact it is the present invention which first allowed the development of a combined wheel and brake design and thereby led to wheels with brakes of equal 'weight and dimension and with greatly increased brake capacity as compared with those of prior design.

Accordingly, it is among the objects of the invention to provide a fluid operated brake which is incorporated in the wheel of a vehicle.

Another object of the invention is to provide a self sealing coupling for the conduit of the fluid operating the brake of the wheel.

A further object of theinvention is to provide a self sealing coupling with valves positively held open when the coupling is connected and which are closed automatically when the coupling is disconnected.

These and other objects of the present invention will become more evident in the following description taken in connection with the drawings, in which:

I Fig. 1 is a section along line l-l of Fig. 2 showing a brake and wheel unit;

Fig. 1A is a fragmentary view of a detail of Fig. 1 illustrating the assembled coupling together with the brake fluid conducting hose and a portion of the wheel body.

2 is a plan view of the assembly shown in Fig. 3 shows a cross-section through the couthe other hand, the

pling according to the invention in the coupled state;

Fig. 4 a cross-section similar to Fig. 3, but through one coupling part in the uncoupled state;

Fig. 5 is a cross-section similar to Fig. 4 through the other coupling part;

Fig. 6 is a plan View of detail.

Referring to Figs. 1 and 2, wheel 40 comprises two substantially equal halves 42 and 43 connected together e. g. by screw bolts. The coupling for the fluid conduit 45 is generally designated 4I.

wheel body are provided with ribs 44 to reinforce the wheel body. The fluid in conduit 45 operates the brake generally designated 46 which may be of any known construction. Brake 46 forms a unit with the wheel 40.

As shown in Figs. 3 to 6 the coupling consists of a socket-like part I and a spigot-like part 2, which are fixed to the ends of the pipes to be connected, which are not shown. Fixing can for instance be effected by means of the internal thread 3 provided in the coupling part I and with the coupling part 2 by means of the external thread 4,

The coupling part I has a chamber 5 for the reception of the ball 6. I is the seating surface for the ball. which co-acts with the ball and, on the ball bearing against it, provides a tight closure. The ball is under the influence 01' a compression spring 8 which is held by means of a nut 9 screwed into the internal thread 3. Similarly, in the coupling part 2 there is a chamber III with a ball II, the sealing surface I2 for the latter, the compression spring I3 and a nut I4 which is screwed into the internal thread I5.

The connection of the two coupling parts I and 2 is effected as follows:

The coupling part I is provided with an engagement surface I6 which allows of the coupling part being held to prevent turning, for in- Coupling 4I is shown in greater detail I in Figs. 3 to 6. The two halves 42 and 43 of the stance by means of a spanner, a clamp or the like. In the example shown, this engagement surface I6 is formed as a hexagon, but in some circumstances a fluted cylindrical surface will sufiice. Below this surface I6 the coupling part I is provided with an extension I1 (Fig. 4), which has an external thread I8 for screwing on the cap nut I9. The space within the coupling part I widens out behind the valve seating I, so as to form a chamber -2 I, the purposeof which will be described below. The extension II is made of somewhat smaller diameter at its lower end, so that an annular flange 22 is formed. In this flange two oppositely disposed slots 23 are provided, for the bayonet-like engagement of the lateral projections 24 at the end of the coupling part 2. When the coupling part I (Fig. 4) is to be connected with the coupling part 2 (Fig. 5), the part I is held at the periphery I6 to prevent it turning, for instance by means of a spanner. The projections 24 of the coupling part 2 are pushed into the bayonet catch 23 and are turned in the chamber 2| until the stop 25 is reached, .which is a pin introduced into a bore in the coupling part I.

The cap nut I9 is then screwed on to the thread I8, engaging by means of its bottom internal flange 26 in the external flange 27 of the part 2 purpose asmall tubular piece 29 is inserted into the end of the opening of the coupling part 2, which is behind the ball chamber I0 of the latter. This tubular piece 29 has two bridges 3| and 32, which, when the two coupling parts are united, lift the two balls from their seatings and hold them in this position, as shown in Figure 3. As the stressing of the springs B and I3 may be different or as there may be pressure difierences in the pipes behind the coupling parts I and 2, the tubular piece 29 might be displaced by one ball or the other in the axial direction, which might lead to one of the valves closing, if safety means for preventing this were not provided. These safety means consist in an outer ring flange 33 which, as shown in Fig. 3, can bear, or bears, on the one hand against an internal surface of the coupling part I, in the chamber 2|, and on the other hand against the end edge of the flange 24 of the coupling part 2.

On the two coupling parts being separated, the tubular piece 29 will be displaced under the pressure of the ball II, as its bridge 3I is no longer under the pressure of the ball 6, towards the bridge 32. In order to prevent the tubular piece from falling out altogether, its cylindrical surface is slotted at 34 and in this slot there engages a pin 35 provided in the coupling part 2.

In the coupled state (Fig. 3), the two balls are therefore lifted off their seatings I and I2. As, when the cap nut I9 is gradually released, the packing 29 is loosened, but the balls 5 and II are still lifted off their seatings, liquid from the pipe might leak out over the packing 28. In order to prevent this, the tubular piece 29 is accurately fitted in the ends of the coupling parts I and 2.

What we claim is:

1. A pipe coupling comprising two coupling parts, in each coupling part a valve, means for keeping the valves closed, when the coupling is disconnected, a tubular piece overlapping both ends of the coupling parts and disposed between the two valves for keeping the valves open, when the coupling is connected, and a flange on the tubular piece, adapted to bear against the ends of the coupling parts for securing them against axial displacement.

2. The device as claimed in claim 1 in which the tubular piece is located between the two valves and the means for fixing said tubular piece in position is a flange thereon adapted to bear against the endsof the axial part.

3. The device as claimed in claim 1 in which the tubular piece is located between the two valves and the means for fixing said tubular piece in position is a flange thereon adapted to bear against the ends of the axial part, and means in one of said coupling parts to retain said tubular piece therein when the coupling is disconnected.

4. The device as claimed in claim 1 in which the tubular piece is located between the two 5. The device as claimed in claim 1 in which the tubular piece is located between the two valves and the means for fixing said tubular piece in position is a flange thereon adapted to bear against the ends of the axial part, said tubular piece fitting slidingly and tightly in said coupling and adapted to'act as a sealing means during the disconnecting of the coupling parts before the closing 01' the valves, and in which there are further sealing means between the ends of the two coupling parts.

6. In a demountable wheel and brake assembly,

to the wheel axle. a fluid supply conduit, a pipe coupling connecting said conduit and said stationary brake part, said coupling including separable coupling parts one 01 which is connected to said stationary brake part and the other to said supply conduit, and a valve in each of said coupling parts, each valve being held open when the parts are coupled and being adapted to close automatically when the parts are separated, whereby the brake fluid is retained in the brake device as well as in the conduit upon separation oi the coupling and removal of the wheel from a fluid brake device comprising relatively rotatable brake parts, a fluid brake operatively associated with said brake parts, one of said brake parts being stationary relatively the axle.

PETER HIE-SCH. RUDOLF' KAISER.

US21984D 1935-09-28 Fife coupling Expired USRE21984E (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE2108714X 1935-09-28

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US21984D Expired USRE21984E (en) 1935-09-28 Fife coupling
US10202336 Expired - Lifetime US2108714A (en) 1935-09-28 1936-09-22 Pipe coupling

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2616525A (en) * 1947-11-18 1952-11-04 Bendix Aviat Corp Wheel and brake assembly
US2765061A (en) * 1952-08-09 1956-10-02 Fawick Corp Assembly fcr clutches and brakes

Families Citing this family (37)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2638916A (en) * 1947-03-29 1953-05-19 Albert T Scheiwer Fueling device
US2599935A (en) * 1948-05-14 1952-06-10 Gerald J Pasker Hydraulic line coupling
US2761469A (en) * 1950-12-06 1956-09-04 Hansen Mfg Co Valved coupling
US2726738A (en) * 1951-02-07 1955-12-13 Thomas L Fawick Hydraulic, pneumatic and vacuum operated brakes
US2675829A (en) * 1951-06-22 1954-04-20 Bendix Aviat Corp Quick-disconnect coupling with selectively operable valve
US2730380A (en) * 1952-04-26 1956-01-10 Glenn L Martin Co Coupling
DE1108527B (en) * 1958-03-01 1961-06-08 Walther Technik Carl Kurt Walt A valved coupling for pipes or hoses
US3104088A (en) * 1960-09-27 1963-09-17 Crawford Fitting Co Quick connect coupling
US4084614A (en) * 1974-10-30 1978-04-18 Bror Fridolf Thure Ekman Fluid coupling device
DE2537407A1 (en) * 1975-08-22 1977-03-03 Agfa Gevaert Ag hose coupling
US5141014A (en) * 1991-05-28 1992-08-25 M. Carder Industries, Inc. Breakaway coupling
US5275313A (en) * 1992-02-07 1994-01-04 Ashland Oil, Inc. Chemical dispenser having an exterial connecting apparatus with a quick disconnect assembly
US20050082828A1 (en) * 2003-09-12 2005-04-21 Wicks Jeffrey C. Releasable connection assembly for joining tubing sections
ITFI20030240A1 (en) * 2003-09-12 2005-03-13 Formula Srl A device for connecting a pair of pliers and a pump for hydraulic brakes
US7448653B2 (en) * 2005-06-10 2008-11-11 Value Plastics, Inc. Female connector for releasable coupling with a male connector defining a fluid conduit
US7806139B2 (en) * 2006-01-20 2010-10-05 Value Plastics, Inc. Fluid conduit coupling assembly having male and female couplers with integral valves
USD654573S1 (en) 2007-11-19 2012-02-21 Value Plastics, Inc. Female quick connect fitting
USD629894S1 (en) 2008-07-03 2010-12-28 Value Plastics, Inc. Male body of connector for fluid tubing
US8235426B2 (en) * 2008-07-03 2012-08-07 Nordson Corporation Latch assembly for joining two conduits
USD634840S1 (en) 2008-07-03 2011-03-22 Value Plastics, Inc. Female body of connector for fluid tubing
USD630320S1 (en) 2008-07-03 2011-01-04 Value Plastics, Inc. Connector for fluid tubing
USD655393S1 (en) 2009-06-23 2012-03-06 Value Plastics, Inc. Multi-port valve
US9371921B2 (en) * 2009-06-23 2016-06-21 Nordson Corporation Multi-port valve
USD649240S1 (en) 2009-12-09 2011-11-22 Value Plastics, Inc. Male dual lumen bayonet connector
USD783815S1 (en) 2009-12-09 2017-04-11 General Electric Company Male dual lumen bayonet connector
US9464741B2 (en) 2009-12-09 2016-10-11 Nordson Corporation Button latch with integrally molded cantilever springs
US9388929B2 (en) 2009-12-09 2016-07-12 Nordson Corporation Male bayonet connector
US9046205B2 (en) * 2009-12-09 2015-06-02 Nordson Corporation Fluid connector latches with profile lead-ins
USD650478S1 (en) 2009-12-23 2011-12-13 Value Plastics, Inc. Female dual lumen connector
USD652511S1 (en) 2011-02-11 2012-01-17 Value Plastics, Inc. Female body of connector for fluid tubing
USD663022S1 (en) 2011-02-11 2012-07-03 Nordson Corporation Male body of connector for fluid tubing
USD652510S1 (en) 2011-02-11 2012-01-17 Value Plastics, Inc. Connector for fluid tubing
USD698440S1 (en) 2011-07-29 2014-01-28 Nordson Corporation Connector for fluid tubing
USD699841S1 (en) 2011-07-29 2014-02-18 Nordson Corporation Female body of connector for fluid tubing
USD699840S1 (en) 2011-07-29 2014-02-18 Nordson Corporation Male body of connector for fluid tubing
USD709612S1 (en) 2011-12-23 2014-07-22 Nordson Corporation Female dual lumen connector
USD838366S1 (en) 2016-10-31 2019-01-15 Nordson Corporation Blood pressure connector

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2616525A (en) * 1947-11-18 1952-11-04 Bendix Aviat Corp Wheel and brake assembly
US2765061A (en) * 1952-08-09 1956-10-02 Fawick Corp Assembly fcr clutches and brakes

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US2108714A (en) 1938-02-15

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