USRE21624E - Garment construction - Google Patents

Garment construction Download PDF

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Publication number
USRE21624E
USRE21624E USRE21624E US RE21624 E USRE21624 E US RE21624E US RE21624 E USRE21624 E US RE21624E
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Prior art keywords
portion
shield
body
crotch
garment
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41BSHIRTS; UNDERWEAR; BABY LINEN; HANDKERCHIEFS
    • A41B9/00Undergarments
    • A41B9/04Knickers for ladies, with or without inserted crotch or seat parts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41BSHIRTS; UNDERWEAR; BABY LINEN; HANDKERCHIEFS
    • A41B9/00Undergarments
    • A41B9/001Underpants or briefs
    • A41B9/002Underpants or briefs with thong, tonga or string shape

Description

NOV. 19, 1940. DANN Re. 21,624

GARMENT CONSTRUCTION Original Filed April 2, 1934 '1 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR 'rnesi ,Dann

jL-A 50M ATTORN EYS Nov. 19, 1940. E. G. DANN QARMENT CONSTRUCTION anrz QM Original Filed April 2, 1954 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTDR Ern'es f D BY i ATTORNEYS RoianodNov. 19,1940

PATENT OFFICE osimss'r CONSTRUCTION Ernest G. Dann, New York, N.'Y.

Original No. 2,056,713, dated October 6, 1938. Se-

rial No. 718,620, April 2, 1934. Application for reissue January 15, 1940, Serial No. 314,000

2 Claims. (cl; z-zzo This invention relates to a garment construction and more particularly to an undergarment designed for the central portion of the body.

One of the objects of this invention is to pro- 5 vide a garment construction which will be simple,

practical and thoroughly durable. Another object is to provide a construction of the above character which may be manufactured with a minimum amount of inexpensive materials and m a considerable saving in time and labor. Another object is to provide a construction of the above character which, while being attractive in appearance, is extremely comfortable in use. Another object is to provide a construction of the 1 above character which will remain in position about the crotch portion of the body without appreciable relative movement with respect thereto, regardless of the position which the body assumes. Another object is to provide a con- I struction of the above character in which all tendency to bind about the crotch portion of the body is eliminated. Another object is to provide a construction of the above character in which any pressure on the crotch portion of the body 9 necessary to hold the garment in position is diverted to points where it may be withstood with ease and comfort. Another object is to provide a construction of the above character which is light in weight and which fits snugly about the body with no protruding portions. Other objects will be in part obvious and in part pointed out hereinafter.

The invention accordingly consists in the features of construction, combinations of elements a and arrangements of parts as will be exemplified in the structure to be hereinafter described, and the scope of the application of which will be indicated in the following claims.

In the accompanying drawings, in which are shown several of the various possible embodiments of my invention,

Figure 1 is a front elevational view of the preferred embodiment of my garment in position on the body;

Figure 2 is a rear elevational view of the garment shown in Figure l;

Figure 3 is a perspective view of the garment when removed from the body;

Figure 4 is a front elevational viewfof another embodiment of my invention in positlonon the body:

Figure 5 is a. rear elevational view of the garment shown in Figure 4 in position on the body;

55 Figure 6 is a side elevational view of the garment shown in Figure 4 in position on the body, and

Figure 7. is a perspective view of the garment shown in Figure 4 when removed from the body.

Similar reference characters refer to similar parts throughout the several views of the drawings.

As conducive to a. clearer understanding of certain features of this invention, it might here be pointed out that garments of this general character are usually characterized by complexity of construction and the use of an undue amount of material. This not only increases the expense of manufacture but also adds to the labor necessarily involved in laundering or the like. Also these garments are usually made in such a manner that they will only fit one definite size of body and are incapable of adjustment to various sizes. Furthermore, these garments as a rule are not pliable so that they may follow various'movements of the body without binding or otherwise causing discomfort to the wearer. A glaring defect noticeably apparent in garments of this general character is the crotch construction and support therefor which often causes great discomfort by way of binding, chafing, and the application of an undue amount of pressure at sensitive points on the body. One of the objects of this invention is to provide a garment construction in which the several difllculties hereinabove mentioned as well as many others are successfully overcome.

Referring now to the drawings in detail, there is shown in Figures 1 and 2 a belt generally indicated at l0. Preferably belt i0 comprises an inelastic portion Ii extending across the abdominal region of the body, the remaining portion I2 thereof being elastic in character. Secured to the front and rear sides of belt I0 is a. shield 'member generally indicated at I3.

Thus front end ll of shield I3 is secured to the lower edge of belt l0 and is preferably equal in width to the length of inelastic portion ll of belt i0. Shield 13 thence extends downwardly over the abdomen, through the crotch, upwardly over the buttocks (Figure 2), and has its end l5 secured to the loweredge of portion i2 of belt l0. Accordingly, shield l3 comprises in itsentirety a front portion IS, a. crotch portion l1 and a rear portion I8. Preferably a part Ila of crotch portion i1 is elastic in character so that this part of the garment may be stretched to one side for toilet purposes.

Preferably the edges 19 and 20 of front portion. i6 taper inwardly toward the crotch portion, while n eachbuttock. Iha'vediscoveredthatwhenrear inwardly about the crotch portion is materially eliminatedwithouttheuseofotherstaylngf aresubstantiallyspacedfrounbeltlandextend the upper extremities of the l ss. Accordlaterally extaided position, no matter what posi-' tion the body may assume.

In order to provide for a maximum amountof" 40 the crotch, and thence upwardly to substantially corresponding points on the rear portion-of the; belt. Also there is indicated a distance C-'-which is the length of a lineextending line of the belt, down through the center of thei 4| crotch, and up to a corresponding point rearportionoithebelts The dimensions of shield is. along the lines A and B have for their minimums the lengths-"of the corresponding distances on the body. IIow-' so ever, the dimension of shield II in the vicinity of theline C should be greater than the lengthofi the corresponding distance on thebody. In elect this makes the crotch portion ll of the shield slightly concave with to the crotch pore;

utionofthebodyasshowninl 'lgurel.

Accordingly. when in normal use on the wearer,

the bottom edge of the belt ll usually lies in a single horizontal plane. Thus tension in upward 7 directions on shield i3 is greater indirections substantially along the lines A and 8 than it is along line C. Accordingly. pressure exerted on the crotch portion of the body by shield," isnaturally concentrated at the oppodte sides of the crotch, whereas the center of crotch portion as I! of the shield exerts very little if any pres- .sure against the central portion of the crotch. In order to have shield I! rest firmly against the body, and avoid relative movement with respect to the body, it is highlydesirable to have certain 70 thereof flt snugly against the body. Ac-

- cordingly shield II rests firmly against the side Qporttonsof the crotch, exerting any necessary immune-e thereagainst where it may be easily withstood, while the center line vicinity of crotch Ii -portion n exerts verylittle 1: any pressure about inglytheyexertatensionagainsttheopposite' sidesofrearportionlltoholdthispartina'- it might cause discomfort and annoyance. the term side-angular distance" as used hereinafter will denote substantiallythelength'ofthelinesAandB (Figures 1 erthebodyortheshield ",while term center distance" will indicate a dishowever, that these distances are not to be lim- 1o lines-A or-B, and the term .center line direc- 15 tion" indicates a direction substantially along the erably secured to a brassiere II at a point slightly to the'rear ofthe arm pit. "The lower end of so strip II has attached thereto a button 21 adapted to at within a suitable'buttonhole II in belt ll. Preferably 'buttonhole 'II is located in the vicinity of the hip of the wearer, asbest shown in Figures 2 and 3. Another elastic strip (not shown), simig5 lar in construction and position-to strip 28, is

secured to the'otherside of brassiere it and connected in a like manner to .the other side of belt ll. Accordingly, these strips serve. as an additional support for belt I. and help to hold the belt on an even horizontal plane during movement of the body. of course it is understood that belt ll,'due to exaggerated movements of the body, cannot remain .on such a' horizontal plane at alitimes. Thesestripsalsoexertatencordingly'. I have indicated in Figures. 1 and- 2, distancesAandBwhicharethelengthsoflines passing from the opposite sides of the front por tlon of the belt, down along the opposite sides of.v

sion upon belt I. in side-angular directions. Accordingly, any tension which they exert upon the 1 crotch portion ll of the shield II Ls concentrated at points on the opposite sides thereof and not at the central portion thereof. a

' Referring now to Figure 4, in which there is shown another embodiment of my invention, a

shield generally indicated at ilts about the icrotchportion of the body and the parts immediately adjacent thereto. Preferably, although a not shield II is shorter than shield ll (Figures 1 and 2) and the edges SI and II taper inwardly and outwardly as will be clear 1 from Figures 4, band 6. Accordingly, the narrower portion of shield II passes about the crotch.

portion of the body.

Secured to the opposite sides of the front end 32 of shield II are the opposite ends of a strip upper abdominal region of the'body while the extremity of strip 38 passes about the back and is preferably spaced slightly above the normal waistline. a

In order to hold strips 33 and 34 in this crowd relationship, thus to make dressing and undress- 5 ing less complicated, I prefer to provide a pair of buckleparts 3| and 31 through which each strip passes. Buckle parts 30 and I1 comprise a rectangular body portion (Figure 7) and a portion 31a connecting two of the sides thereof. Accord- 1o ingly, each strip is passed underneath the frame of the buckle and over the portion Ila so that each buckle holds the strips substantially in the crossed relationship. Furthermore, buckle parts 36 and 31 may be moved in directions along either [a of the strips thus to increase or decrease the distance between each buckle and each end of the shield. In this manner the tension of the strips on the opposite ends of the shield may be varied as well as the position of the strips about the It will now be seen that the entire supporting tension of the strips 33 and 34 on the shield 29 is in side-angular directions, while there is no direct pull on the shield in a center line direction. Accordingly the pressure resulting from the tension of the strips 33 and 34, which hold shield 29 flrmly and comfortably against the'body, is concentrated at the sides of the crotch, while the central crotch portion has very little if any pressure exerted thereagainst. Many of the advantages found in the preferred embodiment of my invention also exist in this embodiment thereof and it has the added advantage of being extremely simple in construction and consequently may be economically manufactured. Also, it may be placed on or removed from the body with extreme ease and washed with a minimum amount of inconvenience. This embodiment of my invention is especially well suited for wear underneath a foundation garment such as a girdle. Due to its compactness and lack of bulk, it may be worn in this manner'with ease and a great deal of comfort.

Thus I have provided an undergarment characterized by simplicity of construction and yet so designed as to create a maximum amount of comfort to the wearer. This garment offers a great deal of freedom of bodily movement when worn, without the usual inconvenience common to garments of this general character. Accordingly it will be seen that I have provided a thoroughly practical and efficient construction in which the several objects hereinabove referred to as well as many others are successfully accomplished. It will be understood that I do not intend to limit this invention to undergarments or the like as many features thereof may be adequately embodied in other articles of apparel, as, for example, shorts, pajamas, or the like. Furthermore, the term shield as .used hereinbefore or hereinafter is to be interpreted in its broadest sense to include any covering body.

As many possible embodiments may be made of the above invention and as many changes might be made in the embodiment above set forth, it is to be understood that all matter hereinbefore set forth or shown in the accompanying drawings is to be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

I claim:

1. In garment construction, in combination, a waistband, a front shield having its upper portion connected .to said waistband and adapted to extend down over a substantial portion of the abdomen of the wearer, the lower portion of said shield adjacent the crotch of the wearer being convex, and a rear shield member having its upper edge connected to the rear side of said waistband and shaped to extend down over a substantial portion of the buttocks of the wearer and connected to the convex portion of said front shield to form a crotch portion concave with respect to the crotch of the wearer to create a fullness along the central portion of the garment whereby the supporting stresses of the garment run through the shields in directions from the sides of the crotch portion to points on said waistband in the general vicinity of the hips, said directions being spaced inwardly from the sides of said shields so that binding is eliminated in all portions of the garment.

2. In garment construction, in combination, an elastic waistband which exerts lateral tension at the top of the garment and is adapted to resist downward pull, a front shield having its upper portion connected to said waistband and adapted to extend down over a substantial portion of the abdomen of the wearer, the lower portion of said shield adjacent the crotch of the wearer being convex, and a rear shield .member having its upper edge connected to the rear side of said waistband and shaped to extend down over a substantial portion of the buttocks of the wearer and connected to the convex portion of said front shield to form a crotch portion concave with respect to the crotch of the wearer to create a fullness along the central portion of the garment whereby the supporting stresses of the garment run through the shields in directions from the sides of .the crotch portion to points on said waistband in the general vicinity of the hips, said directions being spaced inwardly from the sides of said shields so that binding is eliminated in all portions of the garment, and elastic means connecting said shields at the sides above the crotch portion and below the hips, said elastic means being adapted to pass around the thighs of the wearer and exert lateral tension on the shields to make the garment substantially taut fore and aft and maintain the concave shape of the crotch portion in use.

ERNEST G. DANN.

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2419867A (en) * 1944-01-27 1947-04-29 Woodman Edward Garment
USRE42478E1 (en) * 1994-04-12 2011-06-21 Sca Hygiene Products Aktiebolag Method of manufacturing a pants-type diaper of a sanitary panty, and one such absorbent article
US9072323B2 (en) 2013-03-08 2015-07-07 Curtis WEBER Anti-riding underpants
US20150230531A1 (en) * 2014-02-18 2015-08-20 Heath Wayne Merchen Shirt Hold-Down Undergarment

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2419867A (en) * 1944-01-27 1947-04-29 Woodman Edward Garment
USRE42478E1 (en) * 1994-04-12 2011-06-21 Sca Hygiene Products Aktiebolag Method of manufacturing a pants-type diaper of a sanitary panty, and one such absorbent article
US9072323B2 (en) 2013-03-08 2015-07-07 Curtis WEBER Anti-riding underpants
US20150230531A1 (en) * 2014-02-18 2015-08-20 Heath Wayne Merchen Shirt Hold-Down Undergarment
US9433250B2 (en) * 2014-02-18 2016-09-06 Heath Wayne Merchen Shirt hold-down undergarment

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