USRE2120E - Petroleum-burner for cookinq - Google Patents

Petroleum-burner for cookinq Download PDF

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USRE2120E
USRE2120E US RE2120 E USRE2120 E US RE2120E
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United States
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burner
chamber
petroleum
plate
heating
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J. P. HAYES."
Petroleum Burner for Cooking, 8w;
Reissued Dec; 5, 1865.
' Vania, have invented a newand useful Imdelivery in its downward direction against the .tor above and the said plate or chamber below UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOHN P. HAYES, or PHILADELPEUA, P ENNSYLVAN IA PETROLEUM-BURNER FOR COOKING,- 8w.
. Specification. Forming-partofLctters Patent Norz'xfiytfiigdatdSeITtinBer'QETTSGS; Reissue N 0. 2,120, dated December 5, 1865.
To ctZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that 1, JOHN P. HAYES, of the city of Philadelphia, in the State of Pennsylprovement in Oil or Petroleum Burners for Heating and Cooking; and I do hereby declare that the following .is a full, clear, and exact description of theconstruction and op eration of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, making a part of this specification, in which- Figure 1 represents a verticalhalf-section of the said improved burner; Fig. 2, a plan view of the upper side or plate ofils heating-chamber-below the dotted line a" of Fig. 1; and Fig. 3, a like view of the perforated diaphragm or bottom of the said chamber below the dotted line 3 of the same figure, like letters of reference indicating the same parts when the .difierent-figures: w
The object of my invention is to produce a; burner for cooking and heating by the combustion of oil, petroleum, or other hydrocarbons, that will give a much larger and more intensely heated flame than any burner heretofore produced for the same purposes.
The nature of my invention consists, substantially as hereinafter d'escribed,'in causing the gasified oil, orpetroleum, or other hydrocarbon used to be discharged in a downward direction from a heater or generator above, so as to ini pin ge against a plate or heating-chamber below in such amann'er that the gas issuing from the said generator above and impinging against the said plate or chamber below will be spread out horizontally, and also upward, around, and in contact with the generator above, in such a manner as to envelop the said generator in flame when the said gas is ignited, causea more perfect and rapid conversion ofthe heated oil, petroleum, or other hydrocarbon used into gas, and its more rapid plate or. heatingrchar'nber below, andtherefore a more extended and intensely heated flame; and, second, the nature of my invention also consists, in combination with the said generait, in .the employment of a strainer and diffuser of the oil or petroleum at a point between the usual supplyreservoir and the said heating-chamberorplate,substantiallyashereinafter described,
' In the drawings, A B is the generator G, the heating chamber below it; D E, a supporting stand or base containing the strainer or difinsereg and F a short section of a tube in tended to lead into any suitable reservoir for supplying the hydrocarbon.
The base or stand D E is a cylindrical metallic cup having a flanged bottom sufficiently large to support the whole burner firmly in a vertical position. At one slide, near its bottom, the tube F, which leads to the reservoir, (not shown in the drawings,)is tightly inserted, and the interior of the cup is nearly filled with small. broken fragments of pumice stone or gravel, e. y
The heating-chainber G is also made of metaii and consists of racircnlarrtep,plate, e, a
a-nda circular perforated bottom or diaphragm, 0 each united by their edgesto a hollow case or cylindrical band, 0", so as to form together a shallow chamber, 0, between them at the:
upper end of the band 0 while thelower end of the cylinder formed by the said band 0 being adapted for the purpose,
isscrewed tightly overthe upper end of the stand-D E. (See Fig. 1.)
The generator 'A B'is in this instance a tube bent into one or more coils, a", and has one of its ends inserted tightly into the top plate, 0, ata point near the edge of the latter, (see Figs. 1 and 2,) so as to communicatewith the interior of the heating-chamber 0, while its other end, (1 is straight and brought so as to point downward in a vertical position over the center of the top plate, a, of the chamber (J, and,
with its said free end a? at about half an inch (more or less) above the said plate. (See Fig. 1.) The free end a hole, I), through the center ing-disk thereof. I
The burner described being placed in an empty fire-place or grate, and connected by ot'the plug or closmeans of the tube F kwith a sufficiently elevated reservoir of thecombustible fluid to be used and the stop-cock of the said reservoir opened, the fluid passes through the strainer and diir'user e, thence, as indicated by the arrows, through the perforated diaphragm or of thetube A B is closed, with the exception of a verysmall vertical orifice b in its end, and, passing throughjthis in a comparatively minute stream, it finally inipin ges against the center of the top plate, a, of the chamber 0, and eventually envelops the generator, illegals being ignited, and the heated, is converted into gas, which is "forced bottom 0 into the heating-chamber O, thence up through the generatorA B to the small flame soon heats both the generator above and the plate or chamber below, and the combustible fluid therein becoming more and more continually downward against the plate 0, thus producing an intenselyheated circular horizontal flame having a diameter of six or eight inches, and enveloping the generator A' B, the said burner being about the size shown in the drawings. i
The whole burner is simple and inexpensive of construction, not liable to derangement,- and is more effective for heating and cooking by the combustion of hydrocarbons, either crude or refined, than any other device known.
Ii i'le not intend to confine myself to the particular form or construction of either the gen l I erator A B or the chamber 0, as it is obvion'sl that each may consist of two spirally-grog cast-iron plates united together so as duce a spiral ohanne ithin it, whio feet the same purpose Having fully ties, and its principle of op Iifi. new therein, of m Al iii e in H of the preceding claiin the employment of any suitable strainer and difinser, e, of the hydrocarbon ata point; between the usual supply-reservoir and the heating-chamber O or plate 0, as and for the purposes described.
J. P. HAYES. Witnesses:
\BENJ. Momson, J AS. WINSMORE.

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