USPP32439P2 - Hydrangea plant named ‘H218919’ - Google Patents

Hydrangea plant named ‘H218919’ Download PDF

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USPP32439P2
USPP32439P2 US16/602,103 US201916602103V USPP32439P2 US PP32439 P2 USPP32439 P2 US PP32439P2 US 201916602103 V US201916602103 V US 201916602103V US PP32439 P2 USPP32439 P2 US PP32439P2
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hydrangea
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US16/602,103
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Niels Arts
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Hydrangea Breeders Association BV
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Hydrangea Breeders Association BV
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Assigned to Hydrangea Breeders Association B.V. reassignment Hydrangea Breeders Association B.V. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: ARTS, NEILS
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H5/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their plant parts; Angiosperms characterised otherwise than by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H5/02Flowers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H6/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H6/48Hydrangeacae, e.g. Hydrangea

Abstract

A new and distinct cultivar of Hydrangea plant named ‘H218919’, characterized by its upright and uniformly mounded plant habit; vigorous growth habit and rapid growth rate; freely branching habit with strong, thick and sturdy stems; freely and uniformly flowering habit; lacecap-type inflorescences with numerous double sterile flowers that are light red purple in color; and good postproduction longevity.

Description

Botanical designation: Hydrangea macrophylla.
Cultivar denomination: ‘H218919’.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Hydrangea plant, botanically known as Hydrangea macrophylla, commercially referred to as a lacecap-type Hydrangea and hereinafter referred to by the name ‘H218919’.
The new Hydrangea plant is a product of a planned breeding program conducted by the Inventor in De Kwakel, The Netherlands and Lengerich, Germany. The objective of the breeding program was to create new strong and freely-branching Hydrangea plants with strong sturdy stems, uniform flowering habit, large inflorescences with numerous showy sterile flowers, attractive sterile flower color and good postproduction longevity.
The new Hydrangea plant originated from a cross-pollination made by the Inventor in March, 2013 in De Kwakel, The Netherlands, of Hydrangea macrophylla ‘RIE 04’, disclosed in U.S. Plant Pat. No. 16,653, as the female, or seed, parent with a mixture of pollen from a number of proprietary selections of Hydrangea macrophylla as the male, or pollen, parent. The new Hydrangea plant was discovered and selected by the Inventor as a single flowering plant from within the progeny of the stated cross-pollination in a controlled greenhouse environment in Lengerich, Germany in March, 2014.
Asexual reproduction of the new Hydrangea plant by vegetative tip cuttings in a controlled environment in De Kwakel, The Netherlands since April, 2015 has shown that the unique features of this new Hydrangea plant are stable and reproduced true to type in successive generations.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
Plants of the new Hydrangea have not been observed under all possible combinations of environmental conditions and cultural practices. The phenotype may vary somewhat with variations in environmental conditions such as temperature and light intensity without, however, any variance in genotype.
The following traits have been repeatedly observed and are determined to be the unique characteristics of ‘H218919’. These characteristics in combination distinguish ‘H218919’ as a new and distinct Hydrangea plant:
    • 1. Upright and uniformly mounded plant habit.
    • 2. Vigorous growth habit and rapid growth rate.
    • 3. Freely branching habit with strong, thick and sturdy stems.
    • 4. Freely and uniformly flowering habit.
    • 5. Lacecap-type inflorescences with numerous double sterile flowers that are light red purple in color.
    • 6. Good postproduction longevity.
Plants of the new Hydrangea can be compared to plants of the female parent, ‘RIE 04’. Plants of the new Hydrangea differ primarily from plants of ‘RIE 04’ in sterile flower size as plants of the new Hydrangea have larger sterile flower than plants of ‘RIE 04’. In addition, plants of the new Hydrangea have sterile flowers with rounded sepals whereas plants of ‘RIE 04’ have sterile flowers with rhomboidal sepals.
Plants of the new Hydrangea can be compared to plants of the Hydrangea macrophylla ‘H211903’, disclosed in U.S. Plant Pat. No. 25,320. In side-by-side comparisons, plants of the new Hydrangea differ primarily from plants of ‘H211903’ in the following characteristics:
    • 1. Plants of the new Hydrangea are broader than plants of ‘H211903’.
    • 2. Plants of the new Hydrangea are more freely branching than plants of ‘H211903’.
    • 3. Plants of the new Hydrangea have smaller leaves than plants of ‘H211903’.
    • 4. Plants of the new Hydrangea have double sterile flowers whereas plants of ‘H211903’ have single sterile flowers.
    • 5. Plants of the new Hydrangea have not been observed to develop fertile flowers whereas plants of ‘H211903’ develop fertile flowers.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PHOTOGRAPHS
The accompanying colored photographs illustrate the unique appearance of the new Hydrangea plant showing the colors as true as it is reasonably possible to obtain in colored reproductions of this type. Colors in the photographs may differ from the color values cited in the detailed botanical description which accurately describe the colors of the new Hydrangea plant.
The photograph on the first sheet is a side perspective view of a typical flowering plant of ‘H218919’.
The photograph on the second sheet is a close-up view of a typical inflorescence of ‘H218919’.
The photograph on the third sheet is a top perspective view of a typical flowering plant of ‘H218919’ that has been “blued” (left) that is, treated with aluminum sulfate, and a top perspective view of a typical flowering plant of ‘H218919’ that has not been “blued” (right) that is, not treated with aluminum sulfate.
DETAILED BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION
Plants used in the aforementioned photographs and in the following description were grown during the late spring and early summer in 13-cm containers in a glass-covered greenhouse in De Kwakel, The Netherlands and under cultural practices typical of commercial Hydrangea production. During the production of the plants, day and night temperatures averaged 17° C. Plants of the new Hydrangea were one year old when the photographs and description were taken. Plants of the new Hydrangea can be successfully treated with aluminum sulfate to “blue” the inflorescences. In the following description, color references are made to The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart, 2015 Edition, except where general terms of ordinary dictionary significance are used.
  • Botanical description: Hydrangea macrophylla ‘H218919’.
  • Parentage:
      • Female, or seed, parent.—Hydrangea macrophylla ‘RIE 04’, disclosed in U.S. Plant Pat. No. 16,653.
      • Male, or pollen, parent.—A mixture of pollen from a number of proprietary selections of Hydrangea macrophylla, not patented.
  • Propagation:
      • Type cutting.—By vegetative tip cuttings.
      • Time to initiate roots, summer.—About two weeks at temperatures about 23° C.
      • Time to initiate roots, winter.—About 18 days at temperatures about 20° C.
      • Time to produce a rooted young plant, summer.—About four weeks at temperatures about 23° C.
      • Time to produce a rooted young plant, winter.—About five weeks at temperatures about 20° C.
      • Root description.—Thick; typically whitish brown in color, actual color of the roots is dependent on substrate composition, water quality, fertilizer type and formulation, substrate temperature and physiological age of roots.
      • Rooting habit.—Freely branching; dense.
  • Plant description:
      • Plant and growth habit.—Upright and uniformly mounded plant habit; strong and sturdy stems; rapid growth rate and vigorous growth habit.
      • Plant height.—About 25 cm to 30 cm.
      • Plant diameter or area of spread.—About 45 cm to 55 cm.
  • Lateral branch description:
      • Branching habit.—Freely branching habit; when pinched, about nine lateral branches develop per plant.
      • Length.—About 15 cm to 20 cm.
      • Diameter.—About 6 mm.
      • Internode length.—About 6 cm to 7 cm.
      • Texture.—Smooth, glabrous; fully developed, woody; not fasciated.
      • Aspect.—Upright to about 20° from vertical.
      • Strength.—Strong, sturdy.
      • Color.—When developing: Close to 144B; at internodes, close to 187A; lenticels, close to 187A. Developed: Close to 144B; at the internodes, close to 187A; when woody, close to 177C; lenticels, close to 187A.
  • Leaf description:
      • Arrangement.—Opposite, simple.
      • Length.—About 6 cm to 8 cm.
      • Width.—About 5 cm to 6 cm.
      • Shape.—Ovate.
      • Apex.—Acute.
      • Base.—Obtuse.
      • Margin.—Dentate to serrate.
      • Texture, upper surface.—Smooth to rugose, glabrous.
      • Texture, lower surface.—Rugose, glabrous.
      • Venation pattern.—Pinnate.
      • Color.—Developing and fully expanded leaves, upper surface: Close to 139A; venation, close to 145B. Developing and fully expanded leaves, lower surface: Close to 137D; venation, close to 146D.
      • Petioles.—Length: About 1.5 cm. Diameter: About 3 mm to 4 mm. Texture, upper and lower surfaces: Smooth, glabrous. Color, upper surface: Close to 145A. Color, lower surface: Close to 145B.
  • Flower description:
      • Flower type and habit.—Double showy sterile flowers and less conspicuous double fertile flowers arranged on lacecap-type terminal panicles; panicles flattened globular in shape; flowers face upright to outwardly depending on their position in the inflorescence.
      • Fragrance.—None detected.
      • Natural flowering season.—Plants begin flowering about nine to 14 months after planting; flowering begins in the early summer and is continuous throughout the summer in Northern Europe.
      • Flower longevity.—Sterile flowers last about three months on the plant, sterile flowers persistent.
      • Quantity of flowers.—Freely flowering habit; about 30 to 60 sterile flowers and in the center, about 80 to 120 fertile flowers develop per panicle.
      • Panicle height.—About 8 cm to 10 cm.
      • Panicle diameter.—About 18 cm to 20 cm.
      • Sterile flower buds.—Length: About 5 mm. Diameter: About 5 mm. Shape: Spherical. Color: Close to 145D and 69B.
      • Sterile flower diameter.—About 4 cm to 5 cm.
      • Sterile flower depth (height).—About 2 cm to 2.5 cm.
      • Petals, sterile flowers.—To date, petal development has not been observed on sterile flowers of plants of the new Hydrangea.
      • Sepals, sterile flowers.—Quantity and arrangement: About 12 to 14 in about three whorls. Length, outer whorl: About 2 cm to 2.5 cm. Length, inner whorls: About 1.5 cm to 2 cm. Width, outer whorl: About 2 cm. Width, inner whorls: About 1 cm. Shape: Rounded. Apex: Obtuse to acute. Base: Obtuse. Margin: Entire. Texture, upper and lower surfaces: Smooth, glabrous. Color: When opening, upper and lower surfaces: Initially, close to 144C becoming closer to 157B, 158D, N155C and 69B. Fully opened, upper and lower surfaces: Outer sepals, close to 69D and inner sepals, close to N66D becoming closer to 75C to 75D; color does not change with development; when “blued”, outer sepals, close to 97C and inner sepals, close to 97B.
      • Pedicels, sterile flowers.—Length: About 3 cm to 3.5 cm. Diameter: About 2 mm. Strength: Strong. Aspect: Erect to about 45° from vertical. Texture: Smooth, glabrous. Color: Close to 63C.
      • Reproductive organs, sterile flowers.—Stamens: To date, stamen development has not been observed on sterile flowers of plants of the new Hydrangea. Pistils: Pistil quantity per flower: Four to five. Pistil length: About 1 mm. Stigma shape: Conical. Stigma color: Close to 60B. Style length: About 1 mm. Style color: Close to 143C. Ovary color: Close to 143C.
      • Tepals (undifferentiated petals and sepals), fertile flowers.—Quantity and arrangement: About 12 to 14 in about three whorls. Shape: Oblong. Apex: Obtuse. Base: Attenuate. Margin: Entire. Texture, upper and lower surfaces: Smooth, glabrous. Color: When opening, upper and lower surfaces: Close to 69B. Fully opened, upper and lower surfaces: Close to 69D; color does not change with development; when “blued”, outer whorl, close to 97C and inner whorl, close to 97B.
      • Reproductive organs, fertile flowers.—Stamens: To date, stamen development has not been observed on fertile flowers of plants of the new Hydrangea. Pistils: Pistil quantity per flower: Typically four. Pistil length: About 3 mm. Stigma shape: Conical. Stigma color: Close to 79B. Style length: About 1 mm. Style color: Close to NN74D. Ovary color: Close to NN74C.
      • Seeds.—To date, seed development has not been observed on plants of the new Hydrangea.
  • Pathogen & pest resistance: Under commercial production conditions, plants of the new Hydrangea have not been observed to be resistant to pathogens and pests common to Hydrangea plants to date.
  • Temperature tolerance: Plants of the new Hydrangea have been shown to be tolerant to temperatures ranging from about 3° C. to about 38° C.

Claims (1)

It is claimed:
1. A new and distinct Hydrangea plant named ‘H218919’ as illustrated and described.
US16/602,103 2019-08-07 2019-08-07 Hydrangea plant named ‘H218919’ Active USPP32439P2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
UT Extension Institute of Agriculture Hydrangea Production: Cultivar Selection and General Practices to Consider When Propagating and Growing Hydrangea PB 1840-A, retrieved on Mar. 16, 2020, retrieved from the Internet at https://extension.tennessee.edu/publications/Documents/PB1840-A.pdf, pp. 1-12. (Year: 2020). *

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