USPP31078P2 - Plum tree named ‘Suplumfiftysix’ - Google Patents

Plum tree named ‘Suplumfiftysix’ Download PDF

Info

Publication number
USPP31078P2
USPP31078P2 US16/350,357 US201816350357V USPP31078P2 US PP31078 P2 USPP31078 P2 US PP31078P2 US 201816350357 V US201816350357 V US 201816350357V US PP31078 P2 USPP31078 P2 US PP31078P2
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
approximately
medium
fruit
suplumfiftysix
color
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
US16/350,357
Inventor
Terry A. Bacon
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sun World International LLC
Original Assignee
Sun World International LLC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sun World International LLC filed Critical Sun World International LLC
Priority to US16/350,357 priority Critical patent/USPP31078P2/en
Assigned to SUN WORLD INTERNATIONAL, LLC reassignment SUN WORLD INTERNATIONAL, LLC ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: BACON, TERRY A.
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of USPP31078P2 publication Critical patent/USPP31078P2/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H5/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their plant parts; Angiosperms characterised otherwise than by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H5/08Fruits
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H6/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H6/74Rosaceae, e.g. strawberry, apple, almonds, pear, rose, blackberries or raspberries
    • A01H6/7427Prunus, e.g. almonds
    • A01H6/7472Plums

Abstract

A new and distinct plum tree variety, Prunus salicina, cv. ‘Suplumfiftysix’ is characterized by having very large fruit, with reddish-black skin and red flesh. The fruit of the new variety ‘Suplumfiftysix’ also has firm flesh, a sweet-mild flavor and a stone that is semi-free from the flesh. The date of ripening of the fruit of the new variety is approximately September 7.

Description

Latin name of the genus and species claimed: Prunus salicina.

Variety denomination: ‘Suplumfiftysix’.

BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

This application relates to the discovery and asexual propagation of a new and distinct variety of plum tree, Prunus salicina cv. ‘Suplumfiftysix’. The new variety was first originated by hybridization in September 2007 by Terry A. Bacon as breeder number ‘PL895RB’.

The new variety ‘Suplumfiftysix’ is characterized by having late-ripening fruit that is very large, with reddish-black skin and red flesh. The fruit of the new variety ‘Suplumfiftysix’ also has firm flesh, a sweet-mild flavor and a stone that is semi-free from the flesh.

The seed parent is ‘Suplumtwentynine’ (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 14,880), and the pollen parent is from bulk pollen of several late-ripening plum cultivars. The parent varieties were first crossed in February 2003, with the date of first sowing being February 2004, and the date of first flowering being February 2007. The new plum variety ‘Suplumfiftysix’ was first asexually propagated by Terry Bacon near Wasco, Kern County, Calif. in February 2009 by dormant grafting.

The new variety ‘Suplumfiftysix’ resembles its seed parent ‘Suplumtwentynine’ in both have fruit with red flesh, but the fruit of the new variety ‘Suplumfiftysix’ begins ripening about September 7th compared to June 23rd for ‘Suplumtwentynine’.

The fruit of the new variety ‘Suplumfiftysix’ ripens at about the same time as the fruit of ‘Suplumsix’ (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 2,747), but the fruit of the new variety has a red flesh compared to yellow flesh for ‘Suplumsix’. The flesh of the fruit of the new variety ‘Suplumfiftysix’ resembles the red flesh of ‘Suplumfifty’ (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 27,327) and ‘Black Splendor’(unpatented), but the new variety begins ripening about September 7th compared to August 10th for ‘Suplumfifty’ and June 12th for ‘Black Splendor’. The new variety ‘Suplumfiftysix’ also differs from ‘Suplumsix’ and ‘Suplumfiftyone’ (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 29,486) in regards to the skin color of the fruit. In particular, the fruit of the new variety has reddish-black skin compared to reddish-purple for ‘Suplumsix’ and black for ‘Suplumfiftyone’.

The new variety ‘Suplumfiftysix’ has been shown to maintain its distinguishing characteristics through successive asexual propagations by, for example, cuttings and grafting.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PHOTOGRAPH

The accompanying color photographic illustration FIG. 1 shows typical specimens of the foliage and fruit of the present new plum variety ‘Suplumfiftysix’. The illustration shows the upper and lower surface of the leaves, a view of the fruit as a whole, the stone as a whole, and a sectional view of a fruit divided across its suture plane to show flesh color, pit cavity and the stone remaining in place. The photographic illustration was taken shortly after being picked and the colors are as nearly true as is reasonably possible in a color representation of this type. The photographs depict fruit and vegetative growth from a six year old tree.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

Throughout this specification, color names beginning with a small letter signify that the name of that color as used in common speech is aptly descriptive. Color names beginning with a capital letter designate values based upon The R.H.S. Colour Chart published by The Royal Horticultural Society, London, England, 1986.

The descriptive matter which follows pertains to six-year-old ‘Suplumfiftysix’ plants grown in the vicinity of Wasco, Kern County, Calif. during 2018 and is believed to apply to plants of the variety grown under similar conditions of soil and climate elsewhere.

TREE

  • General: (Measurements taken on six year old trees unless otherwise noted).
      • Size.—Medium, reaches a height of approximately 3 meters with normal pruning.
      • Habit.—Upright.
      • Vigor.—Medium, top shoot growth of at 1 meter during the growing season.
      • Productivity.—Productive.
      • Bearer.—On spurs and long shoots.
      • Fertility.—Self-incompatible; requires pollinator.
      • Hardiness.—Hardy in all fruit growing areas of California. Winter chilling requirement is approximately 700 hours at or below 7.2° C.
      • Disease resistance/susceptibility.—Under close observation in Kern County, Calif., no particular plant/fruit disease resistance/susceptibility has been observed.
      • Insect resistance/susceptibility.—Under close observation in Kern County, Calif., no particular plant/fruit insect resistance/susceptibility has been observed.
  • Trunk: (Measurements at approximately 30 cm above soil line on mature tree).
      • Diameter.—Approximately 140 mm.
      • Texture.—Medium shaggy, increasing with age of tree.
      • Trunk color.—About Medium Greyed-Green 198B with highlights of Medium Greyed-Orange 166C, becoming darker with age.
  • Branches: (Measurements at approximately 90 cm above soil line).
      • Size.—Diameter approximately 70 mm.
      • Texture.—Medium shaggy, increasing with age.
      • Color.—About Dark Grey 201B with highlights of about Medium Greyed-Orange 166C, becoming darker with age.
      • Lenticels.—Present.
      • Lenticels density.—Plentiful, about 12/cm2.
      • Lenticels color.—About Light Grey 201D.
      • Lenticels dimensions.—Length: approximately 3 mm. Width: approximately 1 mm.
  • One year old shoots: (Data taken in September at mid-point of current season growth).
      • Size.—Average diameter approximately 6 mm.
      • Color.—Topside: About Medium Greyed-Orange 177B. Underside: About Medium Greyed-Orange 177B.
      • Internode length.—Approximately 29 mm. Midway on shoot.
      • Spur length.—Medium, usually 10 mm.
      • Anthocyanin intensity on upper side of shoot.—Strong.
  • Vegetative buds:
      • Position of vegetative bud in relation to shoot.—Slightly held out.
      • Size.—Medium, approximately 1.5 mm×2.5 mm.
      • Shape.—Conical.
      • Bud shape at apex.—Acute.
      • Color.—About Medium Greyed-Orange 177B.
  • Flower buds:
      • Shape.—Acute.
      • Dimensions.—Approximately 1.5 mm×2.8 mm.
      • Color.—About Medium Greyed-Orange 177B.
      • Distribution.—2-6 buds, generally on spurs and one year old shoots.
      • Ratio of flowering buds to vegetative buds.—2-6 flower buds to 1 vegetative bud.
FOLIAGE

  • Leaves: (Data taken in June on fully expanded leaves at mid-point of the current season growth).
      • Average length.—Medium; approximately 80 mm without petiole.
      • Average width.—Approximately 40 mm.
      • Length/width ratio.—Moderately elongated, about 2:1.
      • Color.—Upper surface: About Dark Green 136A. Lower surface: About Medium Green 139C.
      • Glossiness of upper side.—Medium.
      • Angle at apex (excluding tip).—Right angled.
      • Base.—Acuminate.
      • Vein color.—About Medium Yellow-Green 145A.
      • Venation.—Pinnately net veined.
      • Surface texture.—Smooth on both upper and lower surfaces.
      • Shape in the cross section.—Concave.
      • Profile.—Up folded.
      • Leaf blade tip.—Curved downwardly.
      • Undulation of margin.—Slight.
      • Density of pubescence of lower side.—Absent or very sparse.
      • Incisions of margin.—Bi-crenate.
  • Petiole:
      • Average length.—Approximately 10 mm.
      • Average diameter.—Approximately 2 mm.
      • Color.—About Medium Green 133B with highlights of Medium Greyed-Orange 176C where exposed to sun.
  • Stipules:
      • Number/leaf bud.—Usually one.
      • Typical length.—Approximately 8 mm.
      • Color.—About Dark Greyed-Orange 166A when dried.
      • Persistence.—Falls off.
  • Leaf glands:
      • Average number and arrangement.—0-2, predominately on the petiole at base of leaf blades.
      • Form.—Globose.
      • Diameter.—Approximately 0.5 mm.
      • Color.—About Medium Greyed-Yellow 162A becoming Dark Greyed-Orange 166A over time.
FLOWERS

  • General:
      • Time of beginning of flowering.—Medium for the San Joaquin Valley, Calif.
      • Flower blooming period.—First bloom: Approximately February 28 in Wasco, Calif. Full bloom: Approximately March 10 in Wasco, Calif.
      • Location of first bloom.—Tips of one year old shoots.
      • Location of full bloom.—Central part of the tree canopy.
      • Duration of bloom.—Approximately 12 days.
      • Flower diameter.—Medium, approximately 20 mm.
      • Flower form.—Showy.
  • Pedicels:
      • Length.—Medium, approximately 10 mm.
      • Diameter.—Approximately 1.2 mm.
      • Color.—About Light Green 139D.
      • Pubescence.—Absent.
  • Petals:
      • Number.—5.
      • Arrangement.—Overlapping.
      • Color.—About White 155A.
      • Length.—Medium, approximately 8 mm.
      • Width.—Approximately 7 mm.
      • Shape.—Circular.
      • Apex shape.—Rounded.
      • Base shape.—Narrows at point of attachment.
      • Surface texture.—Smooth.
      • Undulation of margins.—Medium.
      • Frequency of flowers with double petals.—None.
      • Claw.—Absent.
  • Sepals:
      • Number.—5.
      • Length.—Approximately 4 mm.
      • Diameter.—Approximately 3 mm.
      • Shape.—Medium ovate.
      • Color.—About Light Green 139D.
      • Surface texture.—Smooth.
      • Margins.—Undulating.
      • Positioning.—Adpressed to petals.
      • Frequency of flowers with double sepals.—None.
  • Stamens:
      • Number.—Usually 25-32, usually 28.
      • Average length.—Variable, ranging from 3 mm to 10 mm.
      • Filament color.—About White 155A.
      • Flower pollen color.—About Light Yellow-Orange 18C.
      • Position.—Perigynous.
  • Pistil:
      • Average length.—Approximately 3-4 mm.
      • Ovary diameter.—Approximately 2 mm.
      • Pubescence.—Absent.
      • Stigma extension in comparison to anthers.—Usually below.
      • Style frequency of supplementary pistils.—Few.
  • Receptacle:
      • Depth.—Medium, approximately 4 mm.
      • Pubescence of inner surface.—Absent.
      • Pubescence of outer surface.—Absent.
FRUIT

  • General: (Description taken near Wasco, Kern County, Calif.).
  • Ripening:
      • Time of beginning of fruit ripening.—Late.
      • Date of first pick.—Approximately September 7.
      • Date of last pick.—Approximately September 28.
  • Size:
      • Height.—Tall, approximately 68 mm.
      • Diameter in line with suture plane.—Approximately 67 mm.
      • Diameter perpendicular to suture plane.—Broad, approximately 64 mm.
      • Average weight.—Very large, approximately 160 gm.
  • Peduncle:
      • Length of stem.—Short, approximately 7 mm.
      • Diameter of stem.—Approximately 3 mm.
      • Color of sent.—About Light Green 139D.
  • Shape:
      • Viewed from apex.—Circular.
      • Viewed in-line with suture.—Circular.
      • Viewed from side, perpendicular to suture.—Circular.
      • Symmetry.—Symmetric.
      • Shape of base.—Truncate.
      • Shape of apex.—Depressed.
  • Fruit stem cavity:
      • Depth of stalk cavity.—Shallow; Approximately 5 mm.
      • Width of stalk cavity.—Medium; Approximately 13 mm.
      • Depth of suture.—Absent or very shallow.
  • Fruit skin:
      • Thickness.—Medium, typical of most varieties.
      • Flavor.—Mildly-tart.
      • Adherence to flesh.—Strong.
      • Surface texture.—Smooth.
      • Pubescence.—None.
      • Bloom.—Medium.
      • Ground color.—Not visible.
      • Overcolor.—About Dark Greyed-Purple 187A.
      • Relative area of overcolor.—Whole surface.
      • Pattern of overcolor.—Solid.
      • Reticulation.—Absent.
      • Tendency to crack.—Rare.
      • Number of lenticels.—Many.
      • Size of lenticels.—Medium, approximately 0.5 mm to 1 mm.
  • Flesh at firm-mature harvest stage:
      • Ripens.—Evenly.
      • Texture.—Firm-juicy.
      • Flavor.—Sweet-mild.
      • Color.—About Dark Red 53B.
      • Firmness.—Firm, typically 10 lb to 13 lb pressure at harvest.
      • Juice.—Medium.
      • Acidity.—Medium, 0.50% titratable acidity.
      • Sweetness.—High, about 21% Brix at harvest.
      • Adherence to stone.—Semi-free.
      • Amount of fiber.—Low.
  • Fruit use: Fresh market.
  • Fruit shipping and keeping quality: Good.
  • Stone:
      • Stone freeness.—Semi-free.
      • Stone size.—Size: Medium. Length: Approximately 20 mm. Diameter in line with suture plan: Approximately 19 mm. Diameter perpendicular to suture plane: Approximately 9 mm.
      • Color.—About Medium Greyed-Orange 163A when dried.
      • Position of maximum diameter.—Middle.
      • Shape from lateral view.—Circular.
      • Shape from ventral view.—Medium elliptic.
      • Shape from basal view.—Medium elliptic.
      • Base shape.—Nearly straight.
      • Apex shape.—Pointed.
      • Stone ridges.—Rounded throughout.
      • Stone outgrowing keel.—Well developed.
      • Ventrical edge.—Thin with wing toward middle.
      • Dorsal edge.—Narrow, shallow grooves throughout.
      • Fibers.—Not visible.
      • Symmetry in lateral view.—Moderately asymmetrical.
      • Texture of lateral surface.—Rough.
      • Width of stalk-end.—Medium.
      • Tendency to split.—Rare.

Claims (1)

What is claimed is:
1. A new and distinct variety of plum tree as herein described and illustrated.
US16/350,357 2018-11-06 2018-11-06 Plum tree named ‘Suplumfiftysix’ Active USPP31078P2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US16/350,357 USPP31078P2 (en) 2018-11-06 2018-11-06 Plum tree named ‘Suplumfiftysix’

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US16/350,357 USPP31078P2 (en) 2018-11-06 2018-11-06 Plum tree named ‘Suplumfiftysix’

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
USPP31078P2 true USPP31078P2 (en) 2019-11-19

Family

ID=68535989

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US16/350,357 Active USPP31078P2 (en) 2018-11-06 2018-11-06 Plum tree named ‘Suplumfiftysix’

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) USPP31078P2 (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
USPP29289P3 (en) Strawberry plant named ‘DrisStrawFifty’
USPP26800P3 (en) Strawberry plant named ‘DrisStrawFortyThree’
USPP27813P3 (en) Strawberry plant named ‘DrisStrawFortySeven’
USPP27129P2 (en) Blackberry plant named ‘DrisBlackEleven’
USPP27146P2 (en) Blackberry plant named ‘DrisBlackFourteen’
USPP13443P2 (en) Nectarine tree named ‘Burnectfive’
USPP28596P3 (en) Plum tree named ‘PLUMSWEET XIX’
USPP28597P3 (en) Peach tree named ‘Burpeachthirtyseven’
USPP6407P (en) Cherry tree, "Tulare"
USPP10232P (en) Apricot tree cv. `Suaprieight`
USPP17742P3 (en) Peach tree—named ‘White County’ cultivar
USPP10233P (en) Apricot tree cv. `Suaprisix`
USPP6676P (en) Cherry tree named Brooks
USPP17911P3 (en) Peach tree—named ‘White Rock’ cultivar
USPP15762P3 (en) Interspecific tree named: Flavor Wynne
USPP13589P2 (en) Nectarine tree named ‘Burnectseven’
USPP14126P3 (en) Select Myrobalan tree ‘RI-1’
USPP8037P (en) `Showtime` plum tree
USPP23933P3 (en) Apple tree ‘DS 22’
USPP31446P2 (en) Blackberry plant named ‘FNZ-6VB’
USPP15496P2 (en) Peach Tree named ‘Calara’
USPP17182P3 (en) Peach tree plant named ‘Plawhite 5’
USPP32755P2 (en) Cherry tree named ‘SMS-1-CA-WA 2014-1’
USPP30261P3 (en) Sweet cherry tree named ‘IFG Cher-seven’
USPP31191P2 (en) Plum tree named ‘Plumcandy XV’