USPP30008P3 - Apple tree named ‘Gradisca’ - Google Patents

Apple tree named ‘Gradisca’ Download PDF

Info

Publication number
USPP30008P3
USPP30008P3 US15/530,344 US201615530344V USPP30008P3 US PP30008 P3 USPP30008 P3 US PP30008P3 US 201615530344 V US201615530344 V US 201615530344V US PP30008 P3 USPP30008 P3 US PP30008P3
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
gradisca
fruit
color
length
apple tree
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active, expires
Application number
US15/530,344
Other versions
US20180184556P1 (en
Inventor
Olivier Grard
Alexandre Grard
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Abcz Group Bv
Original Assignee
Gradilis Recherche Sarl
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Gradilis Recherche Sarl filed Critical Gradilis Recherche Sarl
Priority to US15/530,344 priority Critical patent/USPP30008P3/en
Publication of US20180184556P1 publication Critical patent/US20180184556P1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of USPP30008P3 publication Critical patent/USPP30008P3/en
Assigned to GRADILIS RECHERCHE SARL reassignment GRADILIS RECHERCHE SARL ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: Grard, Alexandre, Grard, Olivier
Assigned to ABCZ GROUP BV reassignment ABCZ GROUP BV ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: GRADILIS RECHERCHE SARL
Active legal-status Critical Current
Adjusted expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H6/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H6/74Rosaceae, e.g. strawberry, apple, almonds, pear, rose, blackberries or raspberries
    • A01H6/7418Malus domestica, i.e. apples
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H5/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their plant parts; Angiosperms characterised otherwise than by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H5/08Fruits

Definitions

  • ‘Gradisca’ is a new and distinct cultivar of apple tree Malus domestica Borkh discovered in an established ‘Fuji’ (not patented) orchard. This new cultivar originated as a seedling resulting from the open pollination of a ‘Fuji’ apple tree, and is characterized by its bright red fruit and good production capacity. ‘Gradisca’ was first observed in Mudaison, France in 1994. Asexual reproduction by budding and grafting was first carried out at Mudaison in 1996. ‘Gradisca’ has since been observed to remain true to type over successive asexually propagated generations.
  • ‘Gradisca’ was first selected for its attractive bright red fruit and for its productivity. Fruit of ‘Gradisca’ is sweet and perfumed, and colors well in hot weather. There is no equivalent apple with the same organoleptic qualities in the same picking period.
  • ‘Gradisca’ is distinguished from its parent ‘Fuji’ by its more perfumed fruit and more intense red overcolor. Fruit of ‘Gradisca’ is similar in color to that of ‘Rosy Glow’ (not patented), but ‘Gradisca’ is easily distinguished from ‘Rosy Glow’ by its early harvest maturity, at least one month prior to ‘Rosy Glow’.
  • FIG. 1 shows the leaves of ‘Gradisca’
  • FIG. 2 shows 4 th -leaf trees of ‘Gradisca’ one week before picking
  • FIG. 3 shows a fruit of ‘Gradisca’
  • FIG. 4 shows picked whole fruit of ‘Gradisca’
  • FIG. 5 shows a sectioned fruit of ‘Gradisca’.

Landscapes

  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Physiology (AREA)
  • Botany (AREA)
  • Developmental Biology & Embryology (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Natural Medicines & Medicinal Plants (AREA)
  • Breeding Of Plants And Reproduction By Means Of Culturing (AREA)

Abstract

‘Gradisca’ apple tree is the product of an open pollination of ‘Fuji’ apple, and is characterized by its bright red fruit and good production capacity. Fruit of ‘Gradisca’ is sweet and perfumed, and colors well in hot weather. ‘Gradisca’ is distinguished from its parent ‘Fuji’ by its more perfumed fruit and more intense red overcolor.

Description

Latin name: Malus domestica Borkh.
Variety denomination: ‘Gradisca’.
BACKGROUND OF THE VARIETY
‘Gradisca’ is a new and distinct cultivar of apple tree Malus domestica Borkh discovered in an established ‘Fuji’ (not patented) orchard. This new cultivar originated as a seedling resulting from the open pollination of a ‘Fuji’ apple tree, and is characterized by its bright red fruit and good production capacity. ‘Gradisca’ was first observed in Mudaison, France in 1994. Asexual reproduction by budding and grafting was first carried out at Mudaison in 1996. ‘Gradisca’ has since been observed to remain true to type over successive asexually propagated generations.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE VARIETY
‘Gradisca’ was first selected for its attractive bright red fruit and for its productivity. Fruit of ‘Gradisca’ is sweet and perfumed, and colors well in hot weather. There is no equivalent apple with the same organoleptic qualities in the same picking period.
‘Gradisca’ is distinguished from its parent ‘Fuji’ by its more perfumed fruit and more intense red overcolor. Fruit of ‘Gradisca’ is similar in color to that of ‘Rosy Glow’ (not patented), but ‘Gradisca’ is easily distinguished from ‘Rosy Glow’ by its early harvest maturity, at least one month prior to ‘Rosy Glow’.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PHOTOGRAPHS
FIG. 1 shows the leaves of ‘Gradisca’;
FIG. 2 shows 4th-leaf trees of ‘Gradisca’ one week before picking;
FIG. 3 shows a fruit of ‘Gradisca’;
FIG. 4 shows picked whole fruit of ‘Gradisca’; and
FIG. 5 shows a sectioned fruit of ‘Gradisca’.
DETAILED BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE VARIETY
The following detailed botanical description is based on observations made during the 2016 growing season (unless otherwise noted) at Mudaison, France of four-year-old trees grown on ‘M9 EMLA’ rootstock (not patented). All colors are described according to The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart, 5th edition, version 2. It should be understood that the characteristics described will vary somewhat depending upon cultural practices and climatic conditions, and will vary with location and season. Quantified measurements are expressed as an average of measurements taken from a number of individual plants of the new variety. The measurements of any individual plant or any group of plants of the new variety may vary from the stated average.
  • Tree:
      • Vigor.—Vigorous.
      • Type.—Ramified, drooping.
      • Habit.—Semi-upright tree with one trunk and one leader, main branch spreading.
      • Height.—3.20 m.
      • Spread.—2 m.
      • Trunk diameter.—5.8 cm at 30 cm above the graft union.
      • Bark texture.—Fairly smooth with slight crevice and small lenticels.
      • Bark coloration.—Light brown 162A.
      • Lenticels.—2 mm; light beige 159D.
  • Branch (fruiting branches located at around 1 m above the graft union):
      • Length.—1.50 m.
      • Diameter.—16 mm to 20 mm.
      • Crotch angle.—80° to 90°.
      • Color.—Dark brown with grey highlights 165B.
      • Lenticels.—1.5 mm; beige 159D; 4 to 8 per cm2.
  • One-year-old shoot:
      • Length.—25 cm to 35 cm.
      • Color.—Very light brown 160A.
      • Pubescence.—Strong.
      • Thickness.—3 mm to 5 mm.
      • Internode length.—13 mm to 22 mm.
      • Lenticels.—1 mm; white NN155A; 11 per cm2.
  • Winter hardiness:
      • Hardiness.—Hardy in area tested (USDA hardiness zone 9A).
      • Chilling requirement.—Medium; between 450 hours and 650 hours.
  • Flower buds:
      • Quantity per spur.—4 to 5.
      • Shape.—Globose.
      • Diameter.—10 mm to 12 mm.
      • Color.—Red purple 63B.
  • Flowers:
      • Color (balloon stage).—Light pink 36D.
      • Diameter of open flower.—2 cm.
      • Depth.—0.8 cm.
      • Number per cluster.—4.
      • Fragrance.—Light.
      • Pollination requirement.—Pollenizer required.
  • Petals:
      • Quantity per flower.—5.
      • Shape.—Ovate.
      • Length.—15 mm to 18 mm.
      • Width.—14 mm to 16 mm.
      • Color of upper surface.—White NN155D.
      • Color of lower surface.—White NN155D.
      • Texture.—Smooth.
      • Margin.—Entire.
  • Pistils:
      • Length.—12 mm to 13 mm.
      • Color.—Yellow-green 145C.
  • Anthers:
      • Quantity.—16.
      • Size.—2 mm.
      • Pollen.—Present.
      • Pollen color.—Yellow 9B.
  • Stigma:
      • Size.—1 mm.
      • Color.—Yellow 11C.
  • Style:
      • Size.—8 mm.
      • Color.—Yellow-green 145C.
  • Bloom:
      • Date of first bloom.—April 10th (Mudaison, Hérault, southern France).
      • Date of full bloom.—April 14th (Mudaison, Hérault, southern France).
  • Pedicel:
      • Length.—16 mm to 19 mm.
      • Diameter.—3 mm.
      • Color.—Greyed-orange N172C.
  • Sepals:
      • Quantity.—5.
      • Color.—Green 135B.
      • Length.—8 mm to 11 mm.
      • Width.—2 mm to 3 mm.
      • Shape.—Triangular.
      • Margin.—Entire.
      • Texture.—Weakly pubescent.
  • Leaves:
      • Shape.—Ovate.
      • Length (petiole not included).—7 cm to 9 cm.
      • Width.—5 cm to 6 cm.
      • Length/width ratio.—1.4 to 1.6.
      • Blade margin.—Biserrate.
      • Apex.—Acuminate.
      • Base shape.—Cuneate.
      • Color of top surface.—Green 134A.
      • Color of bottom surface.—Green 140B.
      • Texture.—Upper surface — Smooth.
      • Texture.—Lower surface — Moderately pubescent.
      • Venation.—Pinnate.
      • Vein color.—Yellow green 1B.
      • Attitude in relation to shoot.—Outward.
  • Petiole:
      • Length.—18 mm.
      • Diameter.—2 mm.
      • Color.—Green 142A.
  • Fruit:
      • Quantity per cluster.—4.
      • Diameter.—70 mm to 80 mm.
      • Height.—70 mm to 80 mm.
      • Weight.—200 g.
      • Ratio of height to width.—Nearly 1:1.
      • General shape in profile.—Globose slightly conical.
      • Position of maximum diameter.—At middle.
      • Ribbing.—Absent.
      • Crowning at calyx end.—Absent or weak.
      • Aperture of eye.—Closed.
      • Size of eye.—8 mm.
      • Length of sepal.—4 mm to 7 mm.
      • Depth of eye basin.—9 mm to 13 mm.
      • Width of eye basin.—23 mm to 25 mm.
      • Length of stalk.—13 mm to 19 mm.
      • Thickness of stalk.—4 mm.
      • Width of stalk cavity.—17 mm.
      • Depth of stalk cavity.—13 mm.
      • Size of lenticels.—1.5 mm.
      • Bloom of skin.—Absent.
      • Greasiness of skin.—Absent.
      • Background colour of skin.—Yellow 7A.
      • Over colour of skin.—Red-pink N33A.
      • Amount of overcolor.—70% to 90%.
      • Intensity of overcolor.—Very intense.
      • Pattern of overcolor.—Solid flush.
      • Skin texture.—Fine. smooth.
      • Flesh texture.—Firm and light.
      • Aroma.—Good eating quality, sweet and perfumed.
      • Juiciness.—Juicy.
      • Brix.—13.5 to 15.5.
      • Flesh color.—Yellow 4B.
      • Stem color.—Light pink 39D.
      • Locule length.—18 mm to 23 mm.
      • Locule width.—5 mm to 6 mm.
      • Number of locules per fruit.—5.
  • Seeds:
      • Quantity per fruit.—8 to 10.
      • Shape.—Oval.
      • Color.—Brown 200D.
  • Harvest:
      • Amount of fruit produced per harvest.—30 kg per tree.
      • Harvest date.—October 1 to October 13 (2017 growing season, Mudaison, Hérault, southern France).
      • Storage characteristics.—6 months in standard cold storage; 9 months in controlled atmosphere storage.
      • Market use.—Fresh.
  • Diseases/pests:
      • Resistance.—None noted.
      • Susceptibility.—Susceptible to scab (Venturia inaequalis).

Claims (1)

We claim:
1. A new and distinct apple tree named ‘Gradisca’ substantially as described and illustrated herein.
US15/530,344 2016-12-27 2016-12-27 Apple tree named ‘Gradisca’ Active 2037-03-01 USPP30008P3 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US15/530,344 USPP30008P3 (en) 2016-12-27 2016-12-27 Apple tree named ‘Gradisca’

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US15/530,344 USPP30008P3 (en) 2016-12-27 2016-12-27 Apple tree named ‘Gradisca’

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20180184556P1 US20180184556P1 (en) 2018-06-28
USPP30008P3 true USPP30008P3 (en) 2018-12-25

Family

ID=62625190

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US15/530,344 Active 2037-03-01 USPP30008P3 (en) 2016-12-27 2016-12-27 Apple tree named ‘Gradisca’

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) USPP30008P3 (en)

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
UPOV-PLUTO: Plant Variety Database, Apr. 11, 2018, citation for ‘Gradisca’. 1 page. *
UPOV-PLUTO: Plant Variety Database, Apr. 11, 2018, citation for 'Gradisca'. 1 page. *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US20180184556P1 (en) 2018-06-28

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
USPP30008P3 (en) Apple tree named ‘Gradisca’
USPP34416P2 (en) Apple tree named ‘Starlord’
USPP33654P2 (en) Apple tree named ‘PremA093’
USPP32391P2 (en) Apple tree named ‘CIVM49’
USPP33495P2 (en) Apple tree named ‘Eastman’
USPP32618P3 (en) Apple tree named ‘RDS’
USPP32392P2 (en) Apple tree named ‘IPADOR’
USPP31287P3 (en) Apple tree named ‘Inobi’
USPP31443P2 (en) Apple tree named ‘Temptation’
USPP30423P2 (en) Cherry tree named ‘Carneval’
USPP31405P2 (en) Nectarine tree named ‘Burnectthirtyfour’
USPP30628P3 (en) Apple tree named ‘HC2-1’
USPP28201P2 (en) Apple tree named ‘Y101’
USPP30009P3 (en) Apple tree named ‘Gala Surf’
USPP28721P3 (en) Apple tree named ‘RKD’
USPP26989P3 (en) Pear tree named ‘PE3UNIBO’
USPP28398P3 (en) Apple tree named ‘Inolov’
USPP28359P3 (en) Apple tree named ‘MILLY’
USPP27368P3 (en) Apple tree named ‘MORED’
USPP22794P2 (en) Apple tree named ‘Inored’
USPP27029P3 (en) Pear tree named ‘PE1UNIBO’
USPP25406P3 (en) Apple tree named ‘Lewis’
USPP30552P3 (en) Pear tree named ‘PremP009’
US20070089206P1 (en) Apple tree named 'Minneiska'
USPP24664P3 (en) Apple tree named ‘Foxtrot’

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: GRADILIS RECHERCHE SARL, FRANCE

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:GRARD, ALEXANDRE;GRARD, OLIVIER;REEL/FRAME:053007/0508

Effective date: 20180208

Owner name: ABCZ GROUP BV, BELGIUM

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:GRADILIS RECHERCHE SARL;REEL/FRAME:053007/0709

Effective date: 20200323