USPP19024P3 - Grapevine plant named ‘Sugrathirtytwo’ - Google Patents

Grapevine plant named ‘Sugrathirtytwo’ Download PDF

Info

Publication number
USPP19024P3
USPP19024P3 US11/329,258 US32925806V USPP19024P3 US PP19024 P3 USPP19024 P3 US PP19024P3 US 32925806 V US32925806 V US 32925806V US PP19024 P3 USPP19024 P3 US PP19024P3
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
approximately
sugrathirtytwo
color
absent
density
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active, expires
Application number
US11/329,258
Other versions
US20070163018P1 (en
Inventor
David W. Cain
Michael J. Striem
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sun World International LLC
Original Assignee
Sun World International LLC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sun World International LLC filed Critical Sun World International LLC
Priority to US11/329,258 priority Critical patent/USPP19024P3/en
Assigned to SUN WORLD INTERNATIONAL, LLC reassignment SUN WORLD INTERNATIONAL, LLC ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: CAIN, DAVID W., STRIEM, MICHAEL J.
Publication of US20070163018P1 publication Critical patent/US20070163018P1/en
Assigned to BLACK DIAMOND COMMERCIAL FINANCE, LLC reassignment BLACK DIAMOND COMMERCIAL FINANCE, LLC SECURITY AGREEMENT Assignors: SUN WORLD INTERNATIONAL, LLC
Assigned to RABOBANK, N.A. reassignment RABOBANK, N.A. SECURITY AGREEMENT Assignors: SUN WORLD INTERNATIONAL, LLC
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of USPP19024P3 publication Critical patent/USPP19024P3/en
Assigned to SUN WORLD INTERNATIONAL, LLC reassignment SUN WORLD INTERNATIONAL, LLC RELEASE OF SECURITY INTEREST IN INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY Assignors: BLACK DIAMOND COMMERCIAL FINANCE, LLC
Assigned to SUN WORLD INTERNATIONAL, LLC reassignment SUN WORLD INTERNATIONAL, LLC RELEASE OF SECURITY INTEREST Assignors: RABOBANK, N.A.
Assigned to OWL ROCK CAPITAL CORPORATION, AS AGENT reassignment OWL ROCK CAPITAL CORPORATION, AS AGENT SECURITY INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: SUN WORLD INTERNATIONAL, LLC
Active legal-status Critical Current
Adjusted expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H6/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H6/88Vitaceae, e.g. Vitus [grape]
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H5/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their plant parts; Angiosperms characterised otherwise than by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H5/08Fruits

Abstract

A new and distinct grapevine variety characterized by producing red skinned, aromatic flavored, elliptical berries that have an excellent eating quality. The berries ripen early to mid-season, having a naturally medium size, a crisp flesh texture, and have medium and up sugar content.

Description

Latin name of the genus and species claimed: Vitis vinifera.
Variety denomination: ‘Sugrathirtytwo’.
BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
This invention relates to the discovery and asexual propagation of a new variety of grapevine as herein described and illustrated. The new variety was first hybridized by David W. Cain and Michael J. Striem in Wasco, Kern County, Calif., the variety being originated by controlled hybridization and subsequent culture of seed traces and embryo rescue procedures. The new variety ‘Sugrathirtytwo’ is characterized by producing early-mid-season ripening, aromatic flavored, red skinned, seedless grapes. The berries have a naturally medium size, and an elliptic shape, crisp flesh texture, medium and up sugar content and excellent eating quality. ‘Sugrathirtytwo’ is exceptional with its read color development when ripening even under hot weather. The new variety ‘Sugrathirtytwo’ ripens at about the same time as ‘Sugrathirteen’ (U.S. Plant Pat. No. PP10,434), and about seven days after ‘Flame Seedless’ (unpatented), as grown in the Wasco area, California.
The seed parent is the varietal selection ‘88124-037-243’ (unpatented) and the pollen parent is the varietal selection ‘88047-004-226’ (unpatented). The parent varieties were first crossed in May, 1994, by David W. Cain and Michael J. Striem. The new variety was created by hybridization of two “seedless” grapes possessing small, abortive, vestigial ovules. From the initial population of hybrid ovules, embryo rescue methods were used to produce a population from which the present variety was selected. The date of first sowing was August, 1994, and the date of first flowering was May, 1996.
The new variety ‘Sugrathirtytwo’ was first propagated in December, 1998, in Wasco, Kern County, Calif., by Dr. David Cain using hardwood cuttings.
The new variety ‘Sugrathirtytwo’ resembles its seed parent ‘88124-037-243’ in many characteristics, such as berry color, but differs from its seed parent in having much larger berries (3.88 gr) as compared to the berries of the seed parent (2.73 gr). Additionally, ‘Sugrathirtytwo’ ripens approximately 1-2 weeks after the seed parent.
The new variety ‘Sugrathirtytwo’ differs from its pollen parent ‘88047-004-226’ in that the berries of the pollen parent are creamy-white and much smaller (1.97 gr) than those of the new variety ‘Sugrathirtytwo’ (3.88 gr). Additionally, ‘Sugrathirtytwo’ ripens approximately 1-2 weeks after the pollen parent.
The new variety ‘Sugrathirtytwo’ resembles the comparable variety ‘Flame Seedless’ in its color and ripening window. However, the berries of ‘Sugrathirtytwo’ are more oval, not as crunchy and not as round as the berries of ‘Flame Seedless.’ The berries of the new variety ‘Sugrathirtytwo’ develop full uniform red color, and do not crack as easy as those of ‘Flame Seedless.’ The eating quality of the new variety ‘Sugrathirtytwo’ differs from ‘Flame Seedless’ in that the berries of ‘Sugrathirtytwo’ have anew aromatic flavor, compared with the neutral flavor of the ‘Flame Seedless’ berries.
The new ‘Sugrathirtytwo’ variety has been shown to maintain its distinguishing characteristics through successive asexual propagations by, for example, cuttings.
Variations of the usual magnitude from the described above many occur with changes in growing conditions, irrigation, fertilization, pruning, management and climatic variations.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURE
The accompanying drawing in FIG. 1 illustrates in full color a typical cluster of berries, a young shoot, and a mature leaf blade of the new grapevine at 5 years of age. The colors are as nearly true as is reasonably possible in a color representation of this type.
DETAILED BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
Throughout this specification, color names beginning with a small letter signify that the name of that color, as used in common speech, is aptly descriptive. Color names beginning with a capital letter designate values based upon the R.H.S. Colour Chart, published by The Royal Horticultural Society, London, England.
Many of the description values in this specification are based on and conform to those set forth by the International Board for Plant Genetic Resources Institute Grape Descriptors (Vitis spp.) of 1983 and/or 1997 which was developed in collaboration with the Office International de la Vigne et du Vin (OIV) and the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV).
The descriptive matter which follows pertains to ‘Sugrathirtytwo’ plants grown in the vicinity of Wasco, Kern County, Calif. during 2002, 2003, and 2004, and is believed to apply to plants of the variety grown under similar conditions of soil and climate elsewhere:
VINE
  • General:
      • Planting.—Trained on ‘Cross-Arm’/T trellis, planted in a 7 ft.×12 ft. spacing.
      • Practices.—Gene-pool-vine: Cane pruned to approximately 6 canes per vine and trimmed once in the early summer. Test-vines: Spur pruned to approximately 12 to approximately 18 two-bud-spurs per vine, and tested also as cane pruned to approximately 6 canes per vine.
      • Size.—Medium. Height: Approximately 1.80 to 2.15 m. Width: Approximately 1.75 to 1.95 m.
      • Vigor.—Vigorous.
      • Fresh pruning weight.—Approximately 11.88 kg per vine.
      • Density of foliage.—Medium.
      • Productivity.—Medium productive — approximately 77 clusters per vine.
      • Yield.—Approximately 17.96 kg per vine, thinned to approximately 24 cluster per vine.
      • Crop load.—Approximately 1.52 kg per vine (kg fruit per kg fresh-pruning-weight).
      • Root stock.—Not applicable.
      • Own root.—Yes.
  • Trunk:
      • Shape.—Slender.
      • Diameter.—Approximately 66 mm.
      • Straps.—Very long.
      • Surface texture.—Smooth.
      • Inner bark color.—Near Greyed-orange 177B.
      • Outer bark color.—Near Brown 200D with near Grey 201A.
SHOOTS
  • Young shoot:
      • Form. of tip.—Wide open.
      • Distribution of anthocyanin coloration of tip.—Absent.
      • Intensity of anthocyanin coloration of tip.—Absent.
      • Density of prostrate hairs on tip.—Very sparse.
      • Density of erect hairs on tip.—Absent.
  • Woody shoot (Mature canes):
      • Shape.—Slender.
      • Internode length.—Approximately 52 mm.
      • Width at node.—Approximately 12 mm.
      • Cross section.—Circular.
      • Surface.—Smooth.
      • Main color.—Near Greyed-orange 166C.
      • Lenticels.—Absent.
      • Density of erect hairs on nodes.—None or very sparse.
      • Density of erect hairs on internodes.—None or very sparse.
      • Growth of axillary shoots.—Strong, approximately 14 cm.
  • Flowering shoot:
      • Attitude during flowering on shoots which are not tied.—Erect.
      • Color of dorsal side of internodes.—Near Yellow-green 144A.
      • Color of ventral side of internodes.—Near Yellow-green 144B with near Greyed-purple 183A stripes.
      • Color of dorsal side of nodes.—Near Yellow-green 144A.
      • Color of ventral side of nodes.—Near Yellow-green 144A.
      • Density of erect hairs on nodes.—None.
      • Erect hairs on internode.—Absent.
      • Density of prostrate hairs on nodes.—None.
      • Density of prostrate hairs on internodes.—Absent.
      • Anthocyanin coloration of buds.—Absent or very weak.
  • Tendrils:
      • Distribution on the shoot at full flowering.—Continuous.
      • Thickness.—Thick.
      • Color.—Near Yellow-green 144B.
      • Form.—Bifurcated.
      • Number of consecutive tendrils.—Up to 2.
      • Length of tendril.—Medium, approximately 8 cm.
LEAVES
  • Young leaves:
      • Color of upper surface of first 4 distal unfolded leaves.—Near Yellow-green 144A.
      • Average intensity of anthocyanin coloration of six distal leaves prior to flowering.—Weak.
      • Density of prostrate hairs between veins at lower surface of 4th distal unfolded leaf.—Very sparse.
      • Density of erect hairs between veins at lower surface of 4th distal unfolded leaf.—Absent.
      • Density of prostrate hairs on veins at lower surface of 4th distal unfolded leaf.—Very sparse.
      • Density of erect hairs on veins at lower surface of 4th distal unfolded leaf.—Absent.
  • Mature leaves:
      • Average length.—Approximately 135 mm.
      • Average width.—Approximately 188 mm.
      • Size of blade.—Large.
      • Shape of blade.—Circular.
      • Number of lobes.—Approximately 5.
      • Anthocyanin coloration of main veins on the upper side of the blade.—Very weak.
      • Mature leaf profile.—Flat.
      • Blistering surface of blade upper surface.—Absent.
      • Leaf blade tip.—In the plane of the leaf.
      • Undulation of margin.—Slight.
      • Thickness.—Medium.
      • Undulation of blade between main and lateral veins.—Absent.
      • Shape of teeth.—Both sides convex.
      • Length of teeth.—Long.
      • Ratio length/width of teeth.—Small.
      • General shape of petiole sinus.—Slightly open.
      • Tooth at petiole sinus.—Absent.
      • Petiole sinus limited by veins.—Absent.
      • Shape of upper lateral sinus.—Lobes slightly overlapping.
      • Depth of upper lateral sinus.—Medium.
      • Density of prostrate hairs between veins on lower surface of blade.—Absent.
      • Density of erect hairs between veins on lower surface of blade.—Absent.
      • Density of prostrate hairs on main veins on lower surface of blade.—None or very sparse.
      • Density of erect hairs on main veins on lower surface of blade.—None or very sparse.
      • Density of prostrate hairs on main veins on upper surface of blade.—Absent.
      • Autumn coloration of leaves.—Near Greyed-yellow 162A, near Yellow-green 153D. Slow to develop. Normally frost kills leaves before extensive color change.
  • Upper surface:
      • Color.—Near Green 139A.
      • Surface texture.—Smooth.
      • Surface appearance.—Dull.
  • Lower surface:
      • Color.—Near Green 139B.
      • Anthocyanin coloration of main veins on lower leaf surface.—Absent.
      • Glossiness.—Weak.
      • Pubescence.—Absent.
      • Surface texture.—Smooth.
      • Surface appearance.—Dull.
  • Petiole:
      • Length of petiole.—Long, approximately 13.2 cm.
      • Length of petiole compared to middle vein.—Equal.
      • Diameter.—Approximately 3.1 mm.
      • Density of prostrate hairs on petiole.—None.
      • Density of erect hairs on petiole.—None.
      • Shape of base of petiole sinus.—V-shaped.
      • Color.—Near Yellow-green 145A.
  • Buds:
      • Shape.—Slightly pointed.
      • Size.—Medium, approximately 4 mm×5 mm.
      • Position.—Markedly held out, approximately 45° angle.
      • Cane bud fruitfulness.—Basal most fruitful.
      • Time of bud burst.—Early, Mar. 11, 2004.
FLOWERS
  • General:
      • Flowers sex.—Hermaphrodite.
      • Length of first inflorescence.—Long, approximately 31 cm.
      • Position of first flowering node.—Fourth to fifth.
      • Number of inflorescences per shoot.—Up to 1.
      • Date of full bloom.—Apr. 19, 2004.
      • Time of bloom.—Very early.
      • Size (diameter of fully open flower).—Medium, approximately 5 mm.
FRUIT
  • General:
      • Ripening period.—Medium, approximately 11 days ahead of Thompson Seedless variety.
      • Use.—Fresh market.
      • Keeping quality.—Good.
      • Shipping quality.—Good.
      • Date of first harvest.—Jul. 21, 2004.
      • Solids-sugar.—Medium (≈18%).
      • Refractometer test.—Approximately 17.0.
      • Acid.—High, approximately 4.7 gr./L tartaric acid.
      • Juice pH.—Approximately 3.41.
      • Resistance.—Neither resistance nor susceptibility to diseases or pests has been observed in this variety.
  • Cluster:
      • Branch size (peduncle excluded).—Small.
      • Bunch length (peduncle excluded).—Short, approximately 28 cm.
      • Bunch width.—Approximately 18.4 cm.
      • Bunch weight.—Low, approximately 748.4 g.
      • Bunch density.—Loose.
      • Number of berries.—Approximately 213.4.
      • Form.—Cylindrical.
  • Peduncle:
      • Length of peduncle.—Medium, approximately 54 mm.
      • Lignification of peduncle.—Very low.
      • Color.—Near Yellow-green 148A.
  • Berry:
      • Size.—Medium.
      • Uniformity of size.—Uniform.
      • Berry weight.—Medium, approximately 3.88 gr.
      • Shape.—Elliptic, ovate.
      • Presence of seeds.—Rudimentary.
      • Cross section.—Circular.
      • Dimensions.—Longitudinal axis: Approximately 20.66 mm. Horizontal axis: Approximately 17.38 mm.
      • Skin color (without bloom).—Near Greyed-purple 187A.
      • Juiciness of flesh.—Very juicy.
      • Berry firmness.—Very firm.
      • Particular flavor.—None.
      • Bloom (cuticular wax).—Very weak.
      • Pedicel length.—Intermediate, approximately 6.96 mm.
      • Berry separation from pedicel.—Easy.
      • Visibility of hilum.—Unclear.
  • Skin:
      • Thickness.—Medium.
      • Texture.—Tender.
      • Reticulation.—Absent.
      • Roughness.—Absent.
      • Tenacity.—Tenacious to flesh.

Claims (1)

1. A new and distinct variety of grapevine as herein illustrated and described.
US11/329,258 2006-01-10 2006-01-10 Grapevine plant named ‘Sugrathirtytwo’ Active 2026-11-25 USPP19024P3 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/329,258 USPP19024P3 (en) 2006-01-10 2006-01-10 Grapevine plant named ‘Sugrathirtytwo’

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/329,258 USPP19024P3 (en) 2006-01-10 2006-01-10 Grapevine plant named ‘Sugrathirtytwo’

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20070163018P1 US20070163018P1 (en) 2007-07-12
USPP19024P3 true USPP19024P3 (en) 2008-07-15

Family

ID=38234277

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11/329,258 Active 2026-11-25 USPP19024P3 (en) 2006-01-10 2006-01-10 Grapevine plant named ‘Sugrathirtytwo’

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) USPP19024P3 (en)

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USPP10434P (en) 1996-08-08 1998-06-09 Sun World, Inc. Grapevine cv. `Sugrathirteen`

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USPP10434P (en) 1996-08-08 1998-06-09 Sun World, Inc. Grapevine cv. `Sugrathirteen`

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US20070163018P1 (en) 2007-07-12

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
USPP30325P2 (en) Grapevine plant ‘IFG Thirty-four’
USPP23479P2 (en) Grapevine plant named ‘Sugraforty’
USPP19065P3 (en) Grapevine plant named ‘Sugrathirtyone’
USPP30706P2 (en) Grapevine ‘IFG Thirty-five’
USPP29936P2 (en) Grapevine named ‘IFG Thirty-one’
USPP33069P3 (en) Grapevine plant named ‘IFG Forty-four’
USPP30089P2 (en) Grapevine named ‘IFG Twenty-eight’
USPP32304P3 (en) Grapevine plant named ‘IFG Thirty-eight’
USPP23315P2 (en) Grapevine ‘IFG Eight’
USPP30424P2 (en) Grapevine named ‘IFG Thirty’
USPP31147P3 (en) Grapevine plant named ‘IFG Thirty-two’
USPP19024P3 (en) Grapevine plant named ‘Sugrathirtytwo’
USPP29963P2 (en) Grapevine plant named ‘IFG Twenty-seven’
USPP16177P3 (en) Grapevine named ‘Sugratwentyfour’
USPP30013P3 (en) Grapevine named ‘IFG Twenty-six’
USPP28956P2 (en) Grapevine named ‘IFG Twenty-four’
USPP19008P2 (en) Grapevine plant named ‘Sugrathirtythree’
USPP22078P3 (en) Grapevine plant named ‘Sugrathirtysix’
USPP26121P3 (en) Grapevine ‘IFG Nineteen’
USPP20491P2 (en) Grapevine plant named ‘Sugrathirtyfive’
USPP25998P3 (en) Grapevine plant named ‘Sugrafortythree’
USPP22431P2 (en) Grapevine plant named ‘Sugrathirtyeight’
USPP19750P2 (en) Grapevine Plant Named ‘Sugrathirtyfour’
USPP23480P2 (en) Grapevine plant named ‘Sugrafortyone’
USPP24250P2 (en) Grapevine plant named ‘Sugrafortytwo’

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: SUN WORLD INTERNATIONAL, LLC, CALIFORNIA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:CAIN, DAVID W.;STRIEM, MICHAEL J.;REEL/FRAME:017459/0596;SIGNING DATES FROM 20051230 TO 20060103

AS Assignment

Owner name: BLACK DIAMOND COMMERCIAL FINANCE, LLC, VIRGIN ISLA

Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:SUN WORLD INTERNATIONAL, LLC;REEL/FRAME:020035/0796

Effective date: 20050225

AS Assignment

Owner name: RABOBANK, N.A., CALIFORNIA

Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:SUN WORLD INTERNATIONAL, LLC;REEL/FRAME:020339/0101

Effective date: 20071228

AS Assignment

Owner name: OWL ROCK CAPITAL CORPORATION, AS AGENT, NEW YORK

Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SUN WORLD INTERNATIONAL, LLC;REEL/FRAME:056225/0268

Effective date: 20210512