USPP18340P3 - Strawberry variety named ‘Wendy’ - Google Patents

Strawberry variety named ‘Wendy’ Download PDF

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Publication number
USPP18340P3
USPP18340P3 US11/274,388 US27438805V USPP18340P3 US PP18340 P3 USPP18340 P3 US PP18340P3 US 27438805 V US27438805 V US 27438805V US PP18340 P3 USPP18340 P3 US PP18340P3
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wendy
evangeline
fruit
mm
calyx
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US20060236437P1 (en
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Andrew Jamieson
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Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (Aafc)
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Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (Aafc)
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Priority to US11/274,388 priority patent/USPP18340P3/en
Assigned to AGRICULTURE AND AGRI-FOOD CANADA reassignment AGRICULTURE AND AGRI-FOOD CANADA ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: JAMIESON, ANDREW
Publication of US20060236437P1 publication Critical patent/US20060236437P1/en
Assigned to HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN IN RIGHT OF CANADA, AS REPRESENTED BY THE MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE AND AGRI-FOOD reassignment HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN IN RIGHT OF CANADA, AS REPRESENTED BY THE MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE AND AGRI-FOOD ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: JAMIESON, ANDREW
Assigned to HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN IN RIGHT OF CANADA, AS REPRESENTED BY THE MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE AND AGRI-FOOD reassignment HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN IN RIGHT OF CANADA, AS REPRESENTED BY THE MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE AND AGRI-FOOD CORRECTIVE ASSIGNMENT TO CORRECT THE NAME OF THE ASSIGNEE PREVIOUSLY RECORDED ON REEL 017092 FRAME 0156. ASSIGNOR(S) HEREBY CONFIRMS THE ASSIGNMENT OF THE ENTIRE RIGHT, TITLE AND INTEREST. Assignors: JAMIESON, ANDREW
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H6/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H6/74Rosaceae, e.g. strawberry, apple, almonds, pear, rose, blackberries or raspberries
    • A01H6/7409Fragaria, i.e. strawberries
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H5/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their plant parts; Angiosperms characterised otherwise than by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H5/08Fruits

Abstract

This invention relates to a new and distinct variety of strawberry (Fragaria xananassa) named ‘Wendy’. The invention is an early season, short-day variety similar to ‘Evangeline’. ‘Wendy’ is distinguished from ‘Evangeline’ by its flower characteristics, calyx characteristics, fruit size, fruit shape, and insertion of the achenes.

Description

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application claims priority under 35 U.S.C. § 119 to Plant Breeder's Rights Certificate Application No. 05-4723, filed in Canada on Apr. 18, 2005, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

Latin name of the genus and species of the plant claimed: Fragaria xananassa Duchesne.

Variety denomination: The new plant has the varietal denomination ‘Wendy’.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention includes a new and distinct cultivar of Fragaria xananassa known by the varietal name ‘Wendy’, originally designated as ‘K98-6’. The new variety resulted from a controlled cross in an ongoing breeding program between the strawberry plants ‘K96-5’ and ‘Evangeline’. ‘K96-5’ is an unpatented variety. ‘Evangeline’ is a variety developed by Andrew R. Jamieson for which Canadian Plant Breeder's Rights were granted in 1999 (No. 06170). ‘Wendy’ was discovered in 1998 as a seedling in a controlled breeding plot near Sheffield Mills, Nova Scotia at the Sheffield Farm where it was selected and propagated asexually by stolons. Asexual propagules from this original source have been produced annually in a greenhouse in Kentville, Canada. ‘Wendy’ has been tested at a research center in Kentville, Canada (starting in 1999) and also at the Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada research centre at Buctouche, New Brunswick, Canada. This propagation and testing has demonstrated that the combination of traits disclosed herein which characterize the new variety are fixed and retained true to type through successive generations of asexual reproduction via stolons.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a new and distinct variety named ‘Wendy’. The variety is botanically identified as Fragaria xananassa. The variety is typical of short-day varieties and produces fruit over a four week period in northern temperate climates. The new variety is distinguished from other varieties by a number of characteristics as set forth in Tables 1, 2, and 3. All measurements are mean measurements unless otherwise indicated.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The accompanying photographs show typical specimens of the new variety including fruit, foliage and flowers, in color as nearly true as it is reasonably possible to make in color illustrations of these characteristics.

FIG. 1 shows plant parts of the new variety, typical in size, shape, and color.

FIG. 2 shows the flowers of the new variety (on the left) compared with Evangeline (on the right).

FIG. 3 shows primary fruit of the new variety.

DETAILED BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION

The following detailed botanical description of the new variety, and the similar variety ‘Evangeline’, is based upon measurements and observations taken of plants and fruit grown in Kentville, Nova Scotia, Canada. Observations were taken from both varieties as grown in a side-by-side field trial in 2002, 2003, 2004 and 2005. This description is in accordance with UPOV terminology. Color designations, color descriptions, and other phenotypical descriptions may deviate from the stated values and description depending upon variation in the environment, seasonal, climatic and cultural conditions, however, it is believed that this description will apply to the ‘Wendy’ plants grown in similar conditions of soil and climate elsewhere. Colors are described using a standard Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart. Descriptive information on the new variety is presented in Tables 1 and 2. In the tables, the flowers described are secondary flowers. The fruit described is the secondary fruit of the maiden crop, thirteen or fourteen months after planting. The harvest data in Table 3 is based on a complete harvest of the crop. Principal differences between ‘Wendy’ and the variety ‘Evangeline’ are set forth.

The new variety is botanically identified as Fragaria xananassa and commercially classified as a short-day strawberry.

Plant and Foliage Characteristics

When propagated in the field nursery, ‘Wendy’ produces stolons freely; producing similar numbers of daughter plants as ‘Evangeline’. Individual plants of ‘Wendy’ are medium to large. The plants of ‘Wendy’ are of medium density with globose habit and strong vigor. The plant height of ‘Wendy’ is 28.2 cm as compared to ‘Evangeline’ at 24.3 cm. The plant width of ‘Wendy’ is 38.5 cm as compared to ‘Evangeline’ at 36.6 cm.

As shown in Table 1, leaf color of ‘Wendy’ and ‘Evangeline’ are Green Group 137A on the upper surface and lighter Green Group 137C on the under surface. Leaflets of ‘Wendy’ and ‘Evangeline’ are about the same size, shape and convexity, and leaves of both varieties have three leaflets. The leaflet serrations of ‘Wendy’ are similar in size to ‘Evangeline’ but for ‘Wendy’ serrations are more rounded and less pointed than for ‘Evangeline’ and they have a few more serrations than for ‘Evangeline’ and, as a result, the portion of the leaf margin without serrations is smaller. The venation of ‘Wendy’ leaflets is pinnate. Petiole pubescence for ‘Wendy’ tends to be perpendicular to the petiole, whereas petiole pubescence for ‘Evangeline’ tends to be oriented upwards, especially near the point of attachment of the leaflets. ‘Wendy’ produces many stolons. In propagation beds filled with peat-based soil, averaged over three years, ‘Wendy’ produced 140 daughter plants and ‘Evangeline’ produced 103 plants. Both varieties have medium to weak density of pubescence on the stolons.

TABLE 1
Foliar characteristics for ‘Wendy’ and ‘Evangeline’.
Cultivar
Foliar Character ‘Wendy’ ‘Evangeline’
Leaf color Green Group Green Group
Upper surface 137A 137A
Lower Surface 137C 137C
Central leaflet
Length (mm)
Mean 92.8 99.1
Range 83-99 83-114
Width (mm)
Mean 78.2 79.2
Range 68-87 65-93
Length/width ratio 1.19 1.25
No. leaflets/leaf 3 3
Leaf convexity cupped cupped
Serrations
Number
Mean 21.0 18.2
Range 19-22 16-20
Size medium medium
Shape semi-round semi-pointed
Tip serration size small small
Leaf pubescence medium medium
Petiole pubescence
Density medium sparse-medium
Direction perpendicular perpendicular to upwards
Leaf stem color Yellow-Green Group Yellow-Green Group
146D 146D
Trifoliate leaf blade 12.9 13.0
Length (cm)
Trifoliate leaf blade 16.5 16.3
Width (cm)
Petiole length (cm)
Low fertility 13.0 12.2
conditions
High fertility 18.2 16.3
conditions
Petiolule length (mm) 5.0 3.6
Petiolule diameter 1.7 1.5
(mm)
Stolon diameter (mm) 2.9 2.8
Stolon Color Red Group Yellow-Green Group
42C 152B
Stipule Coloration Red Group Yellow-Green Group
46A 144B

Flower and Fruit Characteristics

The length of bloom for ‘Wendy’ is about three weeks when grown in Kentville, Nova Scotia, Canada in a matted row cultural system. Flowering for ‘Wendy’ and ‘Evangeline’ typically begins on May 21 and ends on June 11. As shown in Table 2, the flower truss of ‘Wendy’ averages 3.7 cm longer than for ‘Evangeline’ but flowers of both varieties open even with the leaf canopy or slightly below. ‘Wendy’ flower trusses produce slightly more flowers than ‘Evangeline’. Flowers of ‘Wendy’ and ‘Evangeline’ are white which is not included on The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart. The anther color is Yellow-Orange Group 17 A. Secondary flowers of ‘Wendy’ usually have 5 petals, occasionally 6, ‘Wendy’ flowers are smaller than those of ‘Evangeline’. Petals of both varieties are longer than wide. Petals of ‘Wendy’ generally touch while those of ‘Evangeline’ are spaced. Trusses of ‘Wendy’ are semi-erect at first picking while those of ‘Evangeline’ are erect. The outer calyx of ‘Wendy’ is larger than for ‘Evangeline’ but the inner calyx is about the same size. The position of the calyx is even with the top of the fruit for ‘Wendy’ but raised for ‘Evangeline’. The color of the inner calyx of ‘Wendy’ is Green Group 141C and the outer calyx is darker green Green Group 143A. Both inner and outer calyx of ‘Evangeline’ are Green Group 141C. The calyx is easily separated from the fruit for both varieties. The secondary fruit of ‘Wendy’ are larger than for ‘Evangeline’ and conic in shape while the fruit of ‘Evangeline’ are conic to long conic, and generally longer than wide. The seeds of ‘Wendy’ are even with the surface of the fruit or slightly indented whereas ‘Evangeline’ seeds are more deeply indented. The flesh of both varieties is considered firm. The fruit color of ‘Wendy’ and ‘Evangeline’ is the lighter Red Group 45A when the fully red stage is reached to the darker Red Group 46A when the fruit is more mature. The pith of ‘Wendy’ is similar to or a bit darker than the pith of ‘Evangeline’ but the cortex colors are very similar, recorded at 45A or 46B for ‘Wendy’ and 45A or 45B for ‘Evangeline’ depending on their ripeness. The pith of ‘Wendy’ occupies one-half of the width of the berry and is white at the proximal end of the berry changing to the same color red as the cortex at the distal end. The berry vasculature is white. The achenes of ‘Wendy’ are Green-Yellow Group 1A but darken to Orange-Red Group 34 A on the side of the fruit when exposed to sunlight. Measurements for the reproductive organs were made on secondary flowers within two days of their opening. Both ‘Wendy’ and ‘Evangeline’ have yellow anthers (Yellow Group 17A), yellow-green filaments (Yellow-green group 145B), and the central part of the flower, the pistols, is Yellow-green group 150B. The diameter of the pistol-covered receptacle is 5.1 mm for ‘Wendy’ and 5.2 mm for ‘Evangeline’. The stamen length is 3.2 mm for ‘Wendy’ and 3.5 mm for ‘Evangeline’. The anther length is 1.8 mm for ‘Wendy’ and 1.5 mm for ‘Evangeline’.

TABLE 2
Flower and fruit characteristics for ‘Wendy’ and ‘Evangeline’
Cultivar
Character ‘Wendy’ ‘Evangeline’
Flower Position even or even or
(relative to leaf canopy) slightly beneath slightly beneath
Flower truss length medium short-medium
26.8 23.1 cm
Number of flowers/truss 9.0 8.3
Number of petals 5.2 5.0
Flower size (mm diameter 32.4 35.8
Petal length (mm) 13.7 15.3
Petal width (mm) 12.2 12.6
Petal spacing touching spaced
Calyx size
Inner calyx (mm diam.) 32.3 32.1
Outer calyx (min diam.) 36.8 33.4
Calyx position even raised
Adherence of the calyx weak weak
Fruit size and shape
Length (mm) 32.2 31.8
Width (mm) 32.8 30.3
Length/width ratio 0.98 1.05
Subjective fruit shape conic conic to long-conic
Achene position even to indent
Slightly indented
Fruit firmness firm firm
Fruit firmness (Newtons) 4.9 4.5
Color
Calyx Green Group Green Group
141C to 143A near 141C
Fruit exterior Red Group Red Group
45A To 46A 45A to 46A
Fruit interior Red Group Red Group
Pith 45A to 46B 45A
Cortex 45A to 46B 45A to 45B

Disease Resistance

‘Wendy’ and ‘Evangeline’ are susceptible to red stele root rot (Phytophthora fragariae). ‘Evangeline’ is resistant to powdery mildew (Sphaerotheca macularis) while ‘Wendy’ is moderately resistant. ‘Wendy’ and ‘Evangeline’ are moderately resistant to fruit rot (Botrytis cinerea).

Production Characteristics

‘Wendy’ has been widely tested for several years and in replicated trials planted in 2003 and harvested in 2004. ‘Wendy’ has consistently produce higher yields than ‘Evangeline’, as shown in Table 3. The percent marketability of both varieties is similar, indicating the lack of problems with pollination or fruit diseases. The fruit of ‘Wendy’ are much larger (by weight) than ‘Evangeline’. The mean harvest date for ‘Wendy’ is one day later than for ‘Evangeline’. Subjectively, the flavor of the fruit of ‘Wendy’ is rated very good to excellent when fully ripe. Fruit of ‘Wendy’ when stored at 5° C. will remain in marketable condition for 5 days compared to 4 days for ‘Evangeline’. The market use of ‘Wendy’ is for fresh markets in Eastern Canada and northeastern and mid-western United States.

TABLE 3
Performance of ‘Wendy’ and ‘Evangeline’ for 2004
at Kentville, N.S. and Bouctouche, N.B.
Plants were grown in matted rows and three blocks of 3 m long rows
were harvested at each site.
Total yield % yield Size Mean day
(t/ha) marketable (g/fruit) of harvest
2004 (Kentville)
‘Wendy’ 21.1 90.3 17.1 July 10
‘Evangeline’ 10.8 88.5 11.1 July 9
2004 (Bouctouche)
‘Wendy’ 8.3 85.0 13.3 July 13
‘Evangeline’ 5.8 90.1 9.9 July 12

Claims (1)

1. The new and distinct variety of strawberry plant named ‘Wendy’ as described and illustrated herein.
US11/274,388 2005-11-15 2005-11-15 Strawberry variety named ‘Wendy’ Active USPP18340P3 (en)

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US11/274,388 USPP18340P3 (en) 2005-11-15 2005-11-15 Strawberry variety named ‘Wendy’

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100138966P1 (en) * 2008-12-01 2010-06-03 Edward Vinson Limited Strawberry plant named "Viva Patricia"

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USPP6170P (en) 1986-03-11 1988-05-10 The Conard-Pyle Company Rose plant--Meilarco variety
USPP13081P2 (en) 1999-08-25 2002-10-15 Beach Street Farms, Llc Strawberry plant named ‘Colima’
USPP13387P2 (en) 2000-02-14 2002-12-17 Regents Of The University Of Minnesota Chrysanthemum plant named ‘92-296-25’
USPP14617P3 (en) 2001-04-09 2004-03-23 Regents Of The University Of Minnesota Grape plant named ‘La Crescent’
USPP15703P3 (en) 2002-06-20 2005-03-29 The Regents Of The University Of California Mandarin hybrid tree named ‘TDE3’

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USPP6170P (en) 1986-03-11 1988-05-10 The Conard-Pyle Company Rose plant--Meilarco variety
USPP13081P2 (en) 1999-08-25 2002-10-15 Beach Street Farms, Llc Strawberry plant named ‘Colima’
USPP13387P2 (en) 2000-02-14 2002-12-17 Regents Of The University Of Minnesota Chrysanthemum plant named ‘92-296-25’
USPP14617P3 (en) 2001-04-09 2004-03-23 Regents Of The University Of Minnesota Grape plant named ‘La Crescent’
USPP15703P3 (en) 2002-06-20 2005-03-29 The Regents Of The University Of California Mandarin hybrid tree named ‘TDE3’

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
Jamieson, A.R., et al., "'Evangeline' strawberry," HortScience, 2004, 39(7), 1783-1784.

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100138966P1 (en) * 2008-12-01 2010-06-03 Edward Vinson Limited Strawberry plant named "Viva Patricia"
USPP22717P3 (en) * 2008-12-01 2012-05-08 Edward Vinson Limited Strawberry plant named ‘Viva Patricia’

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