US993120A - Windmill. - Google Patents

Windmill. Download PDF

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Publication number
US993120A
US993120A US60886811A US1911608868A US993120A US 993120 A US993120 A US 993120A US 60886811 A US60886811 A US 60886811A US 1911608868 A US1911608868 A US 1911608868A US 993120 A US993120 A US 993120A
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United States
Prior art keywords
shaft
casing
wind
mill
windmill
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US60886811A
Inventor
Clement A Sterner
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Clement A Sterner
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Priority to US60886811A priority Critical patent/US993120A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US993120A publication Critical patent/US993120A/en
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D3/00Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor 
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D3/00Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor 
    • F03D3/04Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor  having stationary wind-guiding means, e.g. with shrouds or channels
    • F03D3/0436Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor  having stationary wind-guiding means, e.g. with shrouds or channels having shield means on one side of the rotor
    • F03D3/0472Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor  having stationary wind-guiding means, e.g. with shrouds or channels having shield means on one side of the rotor orientable with respect to the rotor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/74Wind turbines with rotation axis perpendicular to the wind direction

Description

BY I

0. A. STERNER. WINDMILL. APPLICATION FILED PER. 16, 19 993, 120. u Patented y 23, 1911.

8 1 INVENTOR wM a, /Vm,9 0111111111111.

WITNESSES 1n: NORRIS Pxrlus 0.. vusnmnnw. n. c,

0. A. STERNER.

WINDMILL.

, APPLIUATIOH IILHD THE. 16, 1911.

Patented May 23, 1911.

3 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

A TTORNE Y wlTlvEssZfM ma. AMMM nu NORRIS Pzrrn: can, wAsumcnoN. n. c.

Patented May 23, 1911.

3 SHEETB-SHBET 3.

AMMXQ ZZ A TTORNE Y FIG 6'.

C. A. STERNER.

WINDMILL.

APPLICATION FILED FEB. 16, 1911.

in: NORRIJ rlrlns 50.. wnnlflarau. n. 6,

FIG. 5.

WITNESSES Maw We mama.

UNITED STATES PATENT ()FFICE.

CLEMENT A. STERNER, OF ALLENTOWN, PENNSYLVANIA.

WINDMILL.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, CLEMENT A. STERNER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Allentown, in the county of Lehigh and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in WVindmills,

of which the following is a specification.

a part hereof, in which Figure 1, is a vertical elevational view, partly in section of a turbine principle windmill, embodying main features of my inven tion and also showing a prime transmitting motor or mechanism actuated thereby for increasingly imparting its impelling power to advantage in the utilization of the same. Fig. 2, is a vertical central sectional view of the mill. Fig. 3, is a top or plan view there of. Fig. 4, is a sectional view on the line w, m, of Fig. 2. Fig. 5, is a View, in detail of the roller bearings of the mill and connections of the same; and Fig. 6, is a similar view, showing in detail the brake for manually controlling the main driven shaft of the mill.

Referring to the drawings a is a skeleton standard, as shown, having a series of legs a (1 are tie rods diagonally arranged in connection with the several legs of the standard a, for steadying the same in position to provide a stable supporting structure for the mill. The top of the standard is provided with a circular track-way b, in which rollers b, of a spider-frame 6 travel.

0, is a circular stationary casing having openings 0 and c, on substantially opposite surfaces thereof, but in width differing from each other, as shown in Fig. 3. To one side of each opening from the wall of the casing 0, projects obliquely a stationary windguard c, and at the opposite side, is arranged a movable shutter 0 The shutters 0 are coupled to each other from opposite Specification of Letters Patent.

Application filed February 16, 1911.

Patented May 23, 1911.

Serial No. 608,868.

ment of one by the wind will at the sametime effect a corresponding movement of the other, that is, will operate both in unison, to present air currents to peripheral scoop-like vanes or blades (Z. These vanes or blades are arranged around and secured to top and bottom spider-frames (Z and (Z carried by a vertical centrally arranged shaft d extending through the casing c, as clearly shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 4. The shaft d is mounted in ball-bearings e and 6 so as to aflord freedom of movement of the shaft by the impelling power of air currents actuating the peripheral blades or vanes cl, within the casing, when the air currents are admitted thereinto through the opening 0 and discharged through the opening 0", for effecting such results. Arranged from the top and along one surface of the casing 0, is a fixed vane or blade 0, for permitting air currents to be guided either in the direction of the opening 0 or the opening 0 aided by the wind-guards c and movable shutters c actuating the blades or vanes (Z, and thereby to operate a prime transmitting mechanism or a motor located on a platform 7, supporting the legs of the standard a, as will be hereinafter more fully explained. The shaft (Z is arranged to be clutched at (1?, to a secondary vertical shaft cl, held in a bearing cl. The shaft 0Z is provided with a worm formation g, at the lower portion thereof, as clearly shown in Fig. 1. The worm g, meshes with a worm-gear h, of a prime transmitting mechanism H. This mechanism, consists of a longitudinal shaft M, on which the worm-gear h, is rigidly secured and at the opposite end is secured a bevelgear h gearing with a similar gear h, fixed to a shaft 71, carrying a gear-wheel h, which in turn meshes with a gear h, mounted on a cross-shaft h". This cross-shaft is held in bearings it and carries a pulleywheel h, at one end and on the opposite end a balance-wheel h, as clearly shown in Fig.

1, whereby as so arranged the impelling tation of the shaft 6Z3, when of course the clutch has been thrown out, so as to disconnect the shaft 0Z from the secondary shaft (Z and thus to prevent actuation of the prime transmitting mechanism, hereinbefore explained; and furthermore, undue wear and tear of the machinery generally of the mill. It will thus be observed that as the mill is arranged to control the operation of the prime transmitting mechanism, the derived power can be economically utilized for pumping water, running fans and other machinery.

Having thus described the nature and objects of my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is 1. In a wind-mill, a casing having surface openings, a vertical shaft, scoop-like vanes or blades mounted on said shaft, shutters connected with each other and stationary wind-guards projecting from said casing on opposite sides to said shutters, substantially as and for the purposes described.

2. In a wind-mill, a casing having surface openings, a vertical shaft, scoop-like vanes or blades connected with spiderframes in said casing and revoluble with said shaft, movable shutters and stationary wind-guards located respectively, on opposite sides of said openings, a wind directing vane projecting from the top of said casing and extending down one surface thereof and a prime transmitting mechanism connected with said vertical shaft, substantially as and for the purposes described.

3. In a wind-mill, a casing having surface openings, a vertical shaft extending therethrough and carrying a spider-frame having peripheral scoop-like vanes or blades, the openings of said casing respectively, provided with movable shutters and stationary wind-guards, said shutters connected with each other and a positive acting prime transmitting mechanism detachably connected with said vertical shaft, substantially as and for the purposes described.

4;. In a wind-mill, a casing having surface openings, a vertical shaft extending therethrough and carrying a spider-"frame having peripheral scoop-like vanes or blades, the

openings of said casing provided with movable shutters and stationary wind-guards, said shutters connected with each other, a positive acting prime transmitting mechanism detachably connected with said verti cal shaft and a brake-means adapted to be connected to and disconnected from said clutch device for connecting and disconnecting both of said shafts, substantially as and for the purposes described.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my signature, in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.

' CLEMENT A. STERNER.

Witnesses:

WILLIAM H. BARTHOLOMEW, CLARENCE D. STAUFFER.

Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,

Washington, D. G.

US60886811A 1911-02-16 1911-02-16 Windmill. Expired - Lifetime US993120A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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US60886811A US993120A (en) 1911-02-16 1911-02-16 Windmill.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US60886811A US993120A (en) 1911-02-16 1911-02-16 Windmill.

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US993120A true US993120A (en) 1911-05-23

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4652206A (en) * 1985-03-29 1987-03-24 Yeoman David R Wind turbine
US5391926A (en) * 1992-08-18 1995-02-21 Staley; Frederick J. Wind turbine particularly suited for high-wind conditions
US6191496B1 (en) 1998-12-01 2001-02-20 Dillyn M. Elder Wind turbine system
US6448669B1 (en) 1998-12-01 2002-09-10 Dillyn M. Elder Water power generation system
US6981839B2 (en) 2004-03-09 2006-01-03 Leon Fan Wind powered turbine in a tunnel
US20070231118A1 (en) * 2005-12-29 2007-10-04 Krippene Brett C Vertical Wind Turbine System with Adjustable Inlet Air Scoop and Exit Drag Curtain
US20090001724A1 (en) * 2007-06-26 2009-01-01 Kr Co., Ltd. Method and apparatus for controlling vertical axis wind power generation system
US20090155043A1 (en) * 2005-12-29 2009-06-18 Krippene Brett C Vertical Multi-Phased Wind Turbine System
ITRE20090077A1 (en) * 2009-07-28 2011-01-29 Comet S R L Wind generator

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4652206A (en) * 1985-03-29 1987-03-24 Yeoman David R Wind turbine
US5391926A (en) * 1992-08-18 1995-02-21 Staley; Frederick J. Wind turbine particularly suited for high-wind conditions
US6191496B1 (en) 1998-12-01 2001-02-20 Dillyn M. Elder Wind turbine system
US6448669B1 (en) 1998-12-01 2002-09-10 Dillyn M. Elder Water power generation system
US6981839B2 (en) 2004-03-09 2006-01-03 Leon Fan Wind powered turbine in a tunnel
US20070231118A1 (en) * 2005-12-29 2007-10-04 Krippene Brett C Vertical Wind Turbine System with Adjustable Inlet Air Scoop and Exit Drag Curtain
US7753644B2 (en) 2005-12-29 2010-07-13 Krippene Brett C Vertical multi-phased wind turbine system
US7488150B2 (en) * 2005-12-29 2009-02-10 Krippene Brett C Vertical wind turbine system with adjustable inlet air scoop and exit drag curtain
US20090155043A1 (en) * 2005-12-29 2009-06-18 Krippene Brett C Vertical Multi-Phased Wind Turbine System
US20090001724A1 (en) * 2007-06-26 2009-01-01 Kr Co., Ltd. Method and apparatus for controlling vertical axis wind power generation system
ITRE20090077A1 (en) * 2009-07-28 2011-01-29 Comet S R L Wind generator
WO2011012334A1 (en) * 2009-07-28 2011-02-03 Comet - S.R.L. A wind turbine
US9441608B2 (en) 2009-07-28 2016-09-13 Comet—S.R.L. Wind turbine

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