US992739A - System of constructing buildings. - Google Patents

System of constructing buildings. Download PDF

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Publication number
US992739A
US992739A US50977509A US1909509775A US992739A US 992739 A US992739 A US 992739A US 50977509 A US50977509 A US 50977509A US 1909509775 A US1909509775 A US 1909509775A US 992739 A US992739 A US 992739A
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Prior art keywords
slabs
beams
slab
frame
columns
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US50977509A
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Albert J Meier
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UNIT CONSTRUCTION Co
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UNIT CONSTRUCTION CO
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Priority to US50977509A priority Critical patent/US992739A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/43Floor structures of extraordinary design; Features relating to the elastic stability; Floor structures specially designed for resting on columns only, e.g. mushroom floors

Description

A. J. MBIBR.

SYSTEM 0F GONSTRUCTING BUILDINGS. unicum! FILED 1111.127, 1909.

3 SHEETS-SHEET 1.

992,739. Patented May 16, 1911.

A. J. MBIR.

SYSTEM 0F GONSTBUOTING BUILDINGS. APPLIOATION FLBD 1111327.19019. l 992,739. Patented May 16, 1911.

3 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

1 A. J. MBIER. SYSTEM or coNsTRUoTING' BUILDINGS.

.LPYLIOATION- FILED JULY 27,1909.

Patented May 16, 1911.

3 SHEETS-SHEET 3'.

UNiTnn sTATns PATENT OFFICE.

ALBERT J. MEIER, 0F GLENDALE, MISSOURI, ASSIC'NOR, BY MESNE ASSIGNMENTS, 'IO

TINIT CONSTRUCTION COMPANY, A CORPORATION OF DELAWARE.

'SYSTEM OF CONSTRUCTING BUILDING-S.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, ALBERT-J; -MEIER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Glendale, in the county of St. Louis and Stateof Missouri, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in vSystems of Constructing Buildings, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.

This invention pertains to a system of constructing buildings, and has for its object to dispense with the use of centering in' the construction of concrete or other floors formed of plastic composition.

A further object of my invention is to provide a novel type of portable Hoor or other slab which may be quickly and readily applied in position and which will be-capable of withstanding enormous static pressure.

By use of the present invention the slabs are constructed as individuals and are allowed to set or harden thoroughly prior to being applied in position. Thus the slabs are virtually independent of each other and when applied in position collectively form the floor, wall, or other bounding surface.

It is a further object of my invention to provide novel means whereby the independent slabs are united to the supporting column so as to collectively form a floor, wall or the like, which is, to all intents and purposes, as though it were a single continuous integral mass. l

Further and other objects will later herein be manifested and pointed out.

In the drawings, Figure 1 isa top plan view of the floor of a'ibuilding embodying the present invention, Fig. 2 is a side eleva tion illustrating some of the slabs applied in position, Fig. 3 is a detail plan View, partly in section, of a column and four of the slabs shown as being affixed thereto, Fig. 4 is a fragmentary sectional* view on line 4 4 of Fig. 3, Fig. 5 is a similar view taken on the line 5-5 of Fig. 3,' and Fig. 6 is a view in perspective of one of the portable slabs.

In the present invention the slabs are Specification of Letters Patent.

manufactured so as to be portable, and independent of each other, the same after manufacture being suitably secured or affixed to the columns of the building.

Each slab is formed of metal beams designated l in the drawings. The beams' are preferably of channel-iron, the channel parts of the beams facing inwardly and having a rectangular arrangement. For the purpose of uniting the beams where the same engage-each other at their ends, there are angle plates 2, attached to the inner faces of the beams whereby the frame of the slab is heldin assembled condition. The flanges 3 of the beams face inwardly, thus leaving the plain sides of the channel frames exposed. As shown in Fig. 6 of the'drawings, and as seen in dotted vlines in Fig. 3, the angle plates 2 close the space left open at the abut-ting. ends' of the channels of the bars' or beams 1, and serve to rigidly unite the bars or beams which constitute the frame of a slab. As shown in Fig. 6 the frame formed by the beams is filled with a mass of concrete or other suitable lire-proof flooring material, denoted by the reference numeral 4t.

For the purpose of properly uniting the loea'nis.y which constitute the slab frame, to the columns of thebuilding, bolt holes 6 are formed through the side faces of the beams at each end* thereof. The mass or body of the concrete is cut away or omitted at each corner of the frame, as indicated at 8, enabling free access of the handsof the mechanic to properly apply the bolts or rivets in securing the beams of the slabs to 'thegirders The beams on their top faces, as well as on their bottom faces, are formed at. intervals along their lengths with bolt holes 7, for a purpose later setr forth. The concrete body 4 is further formed so as to leave a space 7 at points opposite bolt holes 7, the purpose of which, above stated in connection with the bolt holes 6, being to permit ease and facility in fastening of the frames ofthe slabs directly to each other.

In the drawings there are indicated columns 5 which are arbitrarily depicted as4 being of square cross section, to which the Patented May 16. 1911.

Application led July 27, 1909. Serial No. 509,775. g I

firmly secured. By reference to Fig. '1, it will be observed that the columns 5, have a rectangular arrangement due to the fact that' the slabs themselves are possessed of similar shape, the two ends 9 of the slab frames being of less length than that of the sides l0, the ends 9 being of such length as to span the distance between adjacent faces of the columns against which they abut, while the sides 10 are of such length as to extend from the said faces of the columns to the corresponding faces of the columns at each end of the slab. The sides 10 engage the column and are engaged by the ends 9 of adjoining slabs. Thus it will be obvious that each slab is arranged so that it has contact with the column and with its fellow adjoining slab. The slabs evidently contribute mutual support to one another, since each slab contacts with one or more columns, according to the location of the slabs, and it in turn engages with the adjoining slab. l

For the purpose of securely uniting the slabs, plates 8 are fastened t-o the top and bottom faces of. adjoining slabs at their abutting portions, the plates extending fromone beam to the` adjoining beam of the adjacent slab and are secured by bolts or rivets which extend through the bolt holes 7 previously mentioned, the two channel beams in their assembled relation as shown in Figs. 4 and 5 literally constituting I-beams.

For the purpose of sustaining or supporting the slabs against downward. movement a series of elements arbitrarily illustrated as brackets l1 are secured to the columns 5 to afford suitable support tothe slabs. The brackets constitute but one of a number of means which can be employed to sustain or support the slabs against downward movement, since the function of the vso-called brackets isto provide a rest' or footing for the slab. By extending or facing the fianges of the beams inwardly, -it will be evident' that a firm hold or footing is provided for the concrete mass, since the latter seats or engages with the top and bottom flanges of `each of the bars or beams. The slabs may be .constructed of any 'Shape and material. The bodyn of plastic material completely fills the space between the beams of the frame and since it is engaged with the top and bottom flanges of the beams, the latter'serve to protect the marginal edges of the body of concrete, the beams completely inclosing the body of plastic material at its sides and ends, acting as a `metallic protector and strengthener therefor.

What is claimed is 1. A portable structural slab, comprisinga skeleton metallic frame filled in with a body of hardened plastic material, the members ofsaid frame having openings formed therein for the reception of fastening de vices, portions of said body of material being removed adjacent said openings, to expose the inner faces of the frame members at such points and to afford access to the fastening devices. 2. A portable -structural slab comprising a quadrangular metallic frame consistingof four load sustaining beams connected together at their ends and having openings in the Webportions thereof for the reception of fastening devices, and a body of hardened plastic material filling said frame, portions of said body of material being removed adjacent said openings to afford access to the fastening devices.

3. A portable structural slab comprising a skeleton metallic frame composed of load sustaining flan-ged beams, connected .together at their ends and formed with bolt holes, the flanges of said beams being inturned, and a body of hardened plastic.rnaterial filling said frame and supported by said flanges, portions of said body of material adjacent the bolt holes being 'removed to afford access to the bolts received in said holes. Y

- 4. A lbuilding construction comprising a column,A a series of juxtaposed individual slabs having sides and ends, each slab having a corner thereof abutting the column and an end and side abutting respectively the side and end of the adjacent slabs and connected to the same, the abutting corners of said slabs being secured to said column, and means secured to said column for supporting said corners against downward movement.

5. The combination with a series of columns arranged in spaced parallel rows and provided -withgsupports, of a flooring consisting of juxtaposed individual slabs having their corners resting on said supports, each slab extending along one face of each of its supporting columns and terminating flush with the adjacent face of the same.

6. In a building construction, the combination, with a series of juxtaposed individual slabs each having a load sustaining metallic frame provided with .side and end members the side and end members of the frame of each slab abutting the end and side members respectively, of the frames of adjacent slabs, of a column interposed between the mutually adjoining inner corners of said frames and provided with supports upon which said corners rest, means for fastening together' the abutting members of the frames of adjoining slabs, and additional means for anchoring said frame corners to said supports.

7. The combination, with a series of individual slabs arranged in the form of a rectangle; each slab heffing sdesland ends, the In testimony whereof I have axed my sides and ends of each slabfabuttng the sgnture in presence of two Witnesses. ends and sides respectively o theedjacen;-

slabs, of a colmn" interposed between the ALBERT J MEEB mutua1]yadjoning inner corners of. said Witnesses:

slabs and pro'vlded Wlth supports. upon GLADYS VVALTON, .Whleh sind corners rest. EDNA J. GOCKEL.

Copies of this patent may be obtained for :five cents each, by addressing the Sommssioner of Patents, Washington, I). C.

US50977509A 1909-07-27 1909-07-27 System of constructing buildings. Expired - Lifetime US992739A (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2841977A (en) * 1952-07-12 1958-07-08 Meteoor Nv Betonfabriek Welding and assembling floor
US2995799A (en) * 1956-10-03 1961-08-15 Philip N Youtz Method of producing nested floor panels
US3260028A (en) * 1963-07-22 1966-07-12 Fraser R Lee Method of constructing a building
US3312024A (en) * 1963-12-12 1967-04-04 Paschmann Helmut Modular building structure and prefabricated components therefor
US3577693A (en) * 1968-12-09 1971-05-04 Technology Consortium Inc Cellular building structure
US3604165A (en) * 1969-04-25 1971-09-14 Jacob D Naillon Panelled deck construction for building
US3788024A (en) * 1970-12-18 1974-01-29 Fokker Vfw Open framework, especially for building purposes
US3869018A (en) * 1973-01-26 1975-03-04 Caterpillar Tractor Co Engine enclosure for hydraulic excavators
US3943674A (en) * 1972-11-14 1976-03-16 Liskey Aluminum Inc. Elevated floor assembly with releasable tie means connecting the panel sides
US4074488A (en) * 1974-06-05 1978-02-21 Liskey Archectural Mfg. Inc. Elevated floor assembly
US4802322A (en) * 1987-02-27 1989-02-07 Dwayne Bendfeld Portable dike system
US20040221521A1 (en) * 2003-05-09 2004-11-11 Schubert Fred E. Multi-story building and method for construction thereof
US20110271636A1 (en) * 2010-05-05 2011-11-10 Kurek Nathan A Form, system and method for forming concrete diaphragms

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2841977A (en) * 1952-07-12 1958-07-08 Meteoor Nv Betonfabriek Welding and assembling floor
US2995799A (en) * 1956-10-03 1961-08-15 Philip N Youtz Method of producing nested floor panels
US3260028A (en) * 1963-07-22 1966-07-12 Fraser R Lee Method of constructing a building
US3312024A (en) * 1963-12-12 1967-04-04 Paschmann Helmut Modular building structure and prefabricated components therefor
US3577693A (en) * 1968-12-09 1971-05-04 Technology Consortium Inc Cellular building structure
US3604165A (en) * 1969-04-25 1971-09-14 Jacob D Naillon Panelled deck construction for building
US3788024A (en) * 1970-12-18 1974-01-29 Fokker Vfw Open framework, especially for building purposes
US3943674A (en) * 1972-11-14 1976-03-16 Liskey Aluminum Inc. Elevated floor assembly with releasable tie means connecting the panel sides
US3869018A (en) * 1973-01-26 1975-03-04 Caterpillar Tractor Co Engine enclosure for hydraulic excavators
US4074488A (en) * 1974-06-05 1978-02-21 Liskey Archectural Mfg. Inc. Elevated floor assembly
US4802322A (en) * 1987-02-27 1989-02-07 Dwayne Bendfeld Portable dike system
US20040221521A1 (en) * 2003-05-09 2004-11-11 Schubert Fred E. Multi-story building and method for construction thereof
WO2004101904A1 (en) * 2003-05-09 2004-11-25 Nci Building Systems, L.P. Multi-story building and method for construction thereof
US20060010825A1 (en) * 2003-05-09 2006-01-19 Nci Building Systems, L.P. Multi-story building and method for construction thereof
US7007431B2 (en) * 2003-05-09 2006-03-07 Nci Building Systems, Lp Multi-story building and method for construction thereof
US9447573B2 (en) 2003-05-09 2016-09-20 Nci Group, Inc. Multi-story building and method for construction thereof
US20110271636A1 (en) * 2010-05-05 2011-11-10 Kurek Nathan A Form, system and method for forming concrete diaphragms
US8572788B2 (en) * 2010-05-05 2013-11-05 Nathan A. Kurek Concrete diaphragm including form spanning between spaced-apart longitudinal members

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