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US959609A - Electric valve. - Google Patents

Electric valve. Download PDF

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Publication number
US959609A
US959609A US1909510490A US959609A US 959609 A US959609 A US 959609A US 1909510490 A US1909510490 A US 1909510490A US 959609 A US959609 A US 959609A
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Prior art keywords
valve
position
chamber
seat
wholly
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Expired - Lifetime
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Frank N Roehrich
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George P Carroll
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K31/00Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices
    • F16K31/02Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices electric; magnetic
    • F16K31/06Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices electric; magnetic using a magnet, e.g. diaphragm valves, cutting off by means of a liquid
    • F16K31/0675Electromagnet aspects, e.g. electric supply therefor
    • F16K31/0679Electromagnet aspects, e.g. electric supply therefor with more than one energising coil

Description

P. N. ROEHRIGH.

ELECTRIC VALVE APPLICATION FILED JULY 30, 1909.

0 1 9 1 1 3 W M d 8 b n w a P FRANK N. ROEHRICH, F JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY, ASSIGNOR '10 GEORGE P. CARROLL. 0F BRIDGEPORT, CONNECTICUT.

ELECTRIC VALVE.

To all whom 'it may concern:

Be it known that I, FRANK N. RoEHRion, a citizen of the United States, residing at the city of Jersey City, Hudson colinty,

State of New Jersey, have invented a new and useful Electric Valve, of which the following is a specification.

Y My invention relates to electrically actuated valves and consists of means for opening a valve, for keeping it open and for clospassage of current between the time when the valve is opened and the time when it is closed. It thus not merely avoids the liability of leakage arising from a loose stufling box and of loss of power from a tight stufiing box, but also prevents any waste of current during the time the valve remains open. It therefore constitutes an improvement on the construction set forth in the like entitled application of Schmidt, filed May 6, 1909,

Ser. No. 494,391. The means empioyed are as will appear.

In the drawings Figure 1 is a partial vertical section and partial front elevation of my invention. Fig. 2 is a right side eleva- -tion of the same.

A valve body 1,' preferably of brass, has midway between its ends a flat horizontal valve seat 2, having a circular riin at its top. A valve disk 3 has inserted on its under side a babbitt ring 4 so thatwhen the at the bottom so as to hold a ball 6 at theexact center of the disk. The top of the disk thus forms a rim around the pocket. A stem 7 has a central concavity at its lower end so as to fit over the ball 6 and is secured to the disk by two opposed pins 8 passing through the rim at its top and into the stem. There is sufficient play of the stem about the pins and over the ball so that, as the stem is thrust down, the disk is seated 5Q perfectlyflat. Just above the disk 3 the stem 7 is threaded for an internally thread- Specification of Letters Patent. Paiggntefi Eiay 31, two, Application filed July 30, 1909.

Serial No. 510,490.

ed supporting disk 9, kept in any desired vertical position by a lock nut 10 underneath it. A coiled spring 11 surrounds the stem and abuts at its lower end against the upper surface of the disk. A little distance above the valve seat 2 the chamber 1 is internally threaded for supporting an externall threaded ring 12 having a shoulder 13 fitting over the top of and bearing down upon the spring ll. The spring, acting through the disk 9, the stem 7 and the ball 6, thus constantly tends to seat the disk 3 upon the seat 2. A core 1% has a hollow bore, extendin from its lower end up to near its top an toward its top, is slotted on both sides at 15. The upper and major part of the stem 7 loosely fits in the bore of the core and is transversely pierced near its top by a pin 16 extending at each end into the slots 15. lVhen the core is unmagnetized the pin is in the top of the slots and supports the core as shown. The inside of the top of the casing 1 is threaded for the securing of a flanged ring 17, externally threaded underneath the flange, and fitting into and over the top of the casing. A thin tube 18, open at both ends, is externally threaded at its lower end and is then inserted into the inside of the top of the ring 17. The core It makes a reciprocating fit within the tube 18.

Surrounding the tube 18 and fitting over a rim on the central top of the ring 17 is a plate 19, supporting an insulating disk 20. In part surrounding the tube 18 and supported by the disk 20 is a solenoid coil 21 of insulated copper wire. A centrally perforated insulating disk 22 covers the top of the coil. A plug 23 passes through this latter disk and the upper half of the coil 21; and at its lower end, where it is of slightly less diameter, it tits tightly within the top of the tube 18. A yoke 24 fits over the plug 23 and the disk 22 and has its lower ends firmly bolted to the plate 19. A bolt 25 passes through a washer 26 and the center of the top of the yoke 24 into the plug 23 so as to hold the parts in firm position. lit is understood that the usual connecting wires lead to and from the coil 21.

The parts 8 and 16 are preferably made of any steel suitable for pins and the part 11 is preferably made of any steel suitable for springs. The ball 8 is preferably of hard steel. lhe tube 18 is preferably of brass.

The parts a, v, 9, 10, i2, 1e, 2s, 24, 25 and plate 30 cast integral with the casing and similar to but much smaller than the plate 19. Uutside of the plate 30 the casing 28 consists of a thin tube 31 similar shape to but much smaller than the tube 18.

An annular stopper 32 fits into the internal thread of the casing 28 toward the outside or" the boss 2?, A transversely slotted core 33, similar to the core 14, but of less relative length, has a longitudinal perforation extending a little distance the left of its impert'orate right end as seen Fig, l and through its other end; the core also makes a reciprocating fit in the casing 23 outside or the s pper 32. res, latch 3% has one end within the slot of the core 33, passes through its perforation, the stopper 32 and a squared opening in a guide 35, so that it may hear at its other end against a part of the core 14 between the rings 1'! and 12. The guide 35 fits into the internal thread of the casing 28 at its extreme end within the body l. A light coiled spring 36 surrounds latch 34: and bears at one end against the stopper 32 and at its other end against a collar 37 secured to the latch between the stopper 32 and the guide 35 before the latter is screwed into place. The end of the latch 34 adapted for bearing against the core 1% is preferably loeveled as shown so as to present a somewhat sharp edge transverse to the core. The end of the latch 34: within the slot, of the core 33 is secured in place by a transverse pin 38 similar to the pin 16. The latch as is thus free to reciprocate a little distance within the per foration of the core 33, but is limited in its movements by the pin 38.

Surrounding thetube 31 against the plate 30 is an insulating dish 39. In part surrounding the'tube 31 and against the disk 394s a solenoid coil 40 of insulated copper wire. A centrally perforated insulating disk 41 covers theoutside of the coil. A plug l2 passes through this latter disk and the outer half of the coil and at its inner end, where it of slightly less diameter, it fits tightly within the outer end of the tube esaeoe 31. A yoke 13 fits over the plug 42 and the disk ll and has its inner ends firmly bolted to the plate 30. A bolt 44: passes through a washer 1 5 and the center of the outer end of the yoke 43 so as to hold the parts in firm position. It is understood that the usual connecting wires lead to and from the coil 40.

The parts 28, 33, 34, 43, 44 and 45 are preferably made of low carbon steel. The

- parts 32, 35 and 37 are preferably'made of brass.

The method of operation is as follows: The parts being in the initial position as shown, the thrust oi the spring 11 is holding the disk 3 upon its seat 2 so asto prevent any passage through the body 1; and also the thrust of the spring 36 only lightly holds the latch 34 against the core 14. When a sufficient electric current is passed through the coil 21, the consequent lines of magnetic force pass through the plug 23, the yoke 24, the plate 19 and the minor magnetizable parts in the same pathway so as to quickly pull the core is up toward the plug 23. In its ascent the lower ends of the slot 15 come in contactwith the pin 16, delivering a hammer blow. The effect on the pin is to lift the stem '1 the disk 9 and the pin 8 so as to raise the disk 3 from ofi its seat 2, and also to compress the spring 11. Thereupon the spring 36, acting on the collar 37, presses the beveled end of the latch 34: against the core 14: in its elevated position to hold in such position after the cessation of current through the coil 21. lhus a momentary current through the coil 21 results in an opening and a keeping open of the valve without the use of any more current than is suiliciant to open the valve il hen, however, it is desired to close the valve a less electric current is passed through the coil $10. The consequent lines of magnetic force pass through the plug 42, the yoke 43, the plate 30 and the minor niagnetizable parts in the same pathway so as to quickly pull the core 33 outward toward the plug 42. In this movement the slot of the core, acting on the pin 38, carries the latch 31: just far enough to release the core 14. Thereupon the spring 11 reseats the disk 3 and the valve is closed. This result also only requires a momentary current through the coil Q0. Upon the cessation of such latter current the spring 36, acting on the collar 37, presses the beveled end of the latch 34 against the core 14 in the inh tial position as shown.

It will be noted that the nut 17, the tube 18 and the plug 23 all form parts of the top wall of the valve chamber; that the casing 28 and the plug 42 also form parts of the wall of this chamber; and that the wall of thi1 chamber is imperforate except at the on s.

As before indicated the Opening and closing of the valve is accomplished by one brief current through the coil 21 and another brief current through the coil 42 without any intervening use of current.

This construction of valve is especially useful for controlling the flow of gas to the burners of an instantaneous water heater, as is more fully described in my copending application entitled Water controlled switch.

I claim: I

1. In combination a valve chamber having a valve seat, a valve adapted first to be positioned in one position in relation to said seat and then in another position in relation to said seat. a magnetizable device wholly within said chamber, normally holding said valve in whichever position it may be positioned and operating when magnetized to release.

said valve, and an electric device wholly without said chamber and operating when energized to magnetizesaid magnetizable device.

2. In combination a valve chamber having a valve seat, a valve adapted first to be positioned in one position in relation to said seat and then in another position in relation to said seat, means tending to position said valve in one of said positions, a magnetizable device wholly within said chamber, normally overcoming the tendency of said means and operating when magnetized to release said sneans, and an electric device wholly without said chamber and operating when energized to magnetize said magnetizable device.

3. In combination a valve chamber having a valve seat, a magnetizable valve wholly within said chamber and adapted fir st to be positioned in one position in relation to said seat and then in another position in relation to said seat, means tending to position said valve in one of said positions, a magnetizable device wholly within said chamber, normally overcoming the tendency of said means and operating when magnetized to release said means, an electric device wholly without said chamber and operating when energized to magnetize said magnet-izable device, and an electric device wholly without said chamber and operating when energized to magnetize said valve so as to position it in the other of said positions.

4. In combination a valve chamber having a valve seat. a valve adapted first to be positioned in one position in, relation to said seat, a reciprocating member secured to said valve and adapted for so positioning said valve, a magnetizable device wholly within said chamber, normally holding said member in whichever position it may be positioned, thereby holding said valve in a corresponding position, and operating when magnetized to release said member, and an electric device wholly without said chamber and operating when energized to magnetize said magnetizable device.

5. In combination a valve chamber having a valve seat, a valve adapted first to be positioned in one position in relation to said seat and then in another position in relation to said seat, a reciprocating member secured to said valve, means tending to position said valve in one of said positions, a magnetizable device wholly within said chamber, no1= mally acting on said member so as to overcome the tendency of said means and operating when magnetized to release said member, and an electric device wholly without said chamber and operating when energized to magnetize said magnetizable device.

6. In combination a valve chamber having a valve seat, a valve wholly within said chamber and adapted first to be positioned in one position in relation to said seat and then in another position in relation to said seat, a magnetizable reciprocating member secured to said valve, means tending to position said valve in one of said positions, a magnetizable de'ice wholly within said chamber, normally acting on said member so as to overcome the tendency of said means and operating when magnetizable device, and an electric device wholly without said chamber and operating when energized to magnetize said member so as to position said valve in the other of said positions.

7. In combination a valve chamber having a valve seat, a valve adapted first to be postioned in one position in relation to said seat and then in another position in relation to said seat, a reciprocating part secured to said valve and adapted for positioning said valve in one of said positions, means tending to position said valve in the other of said positions, a magnetizable latch wholly within said chamber and adapted when deenergized to engage said partso as to hold said valve in position notwithstanding the tendency of said means, a s ring wholly within said chamber and ten ing to force said latch into such engagement, and a magnet winding wholly without said chamber and operating when energized to withdraw said latch from such engagement.

8. In combination a valve chamber having a valve seat, a valve adapted first to be positioned in one position in relation to said seat and then in another position in relation to said seat, a magnetizable reciprocating partsecured to said valve and operating when magnetized to position said valve in one of said positions, means tending to position said valve in the other of said positions, a magmpi netizable latch wholly within said chamber and adapted when deenergized to engage said part so as to hold said valve in position notwithstanding the tendency of said means, a spring wholly within said chamber and tending to force said latch into such engagement, a magnet winding wholly without said chamber and operating when energized to withdraw said latch from such engagement, and an electric device operating when energized to magnetize said part.

9. In combination a valve chamber having a valve seat wholly within said chamber and. adapted first to be positioned in one position in relation to said seat and then in another position in relation to said seat a magnetizable reciprocating part wholly within said chamber, secured to said valve and operating when magnetized to position said valve FRANK N. RQEHRICH.

Witnesses Joni: Bases WM. J. WALKER,

US959609A 1909-07-30 1909-07-30 Electric valve. Expired - Lifetime US959609A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2442599A (en) * 1944-01-05 1948-06-01 Atomic Energy Commission Glass magnetic stopcock
US2723681A (en) * 1952-05-12 1955-11-15 Jr William F Macglashan Normally closed solenoid-operated valve with downstream venting when closed
US4176687A (en) * 1977-08-25 1979-12-04 Cla-Val Co. Hollow spool valve
US4494727A (en) * 1980-10-23 1985-01-22 Robert Bosch Gmbh Electrically controllable valve
US4750705A (en) * 1985-03-07 1988-06-14 M.A.N. Technologie Gmbh Magnetic quick action valve
US6267351B1 (en) * 1998-10-27 2001-07-31 Aura Systems, Inc. Electromagnetic valve actuator with mechanical end position clamp or latch

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2442599A (en) * 1944-01-05 1948-06-01 Atomic Energy Commission Glass magnetic stopcock
US2723681A (en) * 1952-05-12 1955-11-15 Jr William F Macglashan Normally closed solenoid-operated valve with downstream venting when closed
US4176687A (en) * 1977-08-25 1979-12-04 Cla-Val Co. Hollow spool valve
US4494727A (en) * 1980-10-23 1985-01-22 Robert Bosch Gmbh Electrically controllable valve
US4750705A (en) * 1985-03-07 1988-06-14 M.A.N. Technologie Gmbh Magnetic quick action valve
US6267351B1 (en) * 1998-10-27 2001-07-31 Aura Systems, Inc. Electromagnetic valve actuator with mechanical end position clamp or latch

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