US955314A - Folding rule. - Google Patents

Folding rule. Download PDF

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Publication number
US955314A
US955314A US47784609A US1909477846A US955314A US 955314 A US955314 A US 955314A US 47784609 A US47784609 A US 47784609A US 1909477846 A US1909477846 A US 1909477846A US 955314 A US955314 A US 955314A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
rule
sections
extension
locking
pivot
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US47784609A
Inventor
John F Borne
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John F Borne
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Priority to US47784609A priority Critical patent/US955314A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B3/00Instruments as specified in the subgroups and characterised by the use of mechanical measuring means
    • G01B3/02Rulers with scales or marks for direct reading
    • G01B3/04Rulers with scales or marks for direct reading rigid
    • G01B3/06Rulers with scales or marks for direct reading rigid folding
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C11/00Pivots; Pivotal connections
    • F16C11/04Pivotal connections
    • F16C11/10Arrangements for locking
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C2370/00Apparatus relating to physics, e.g. instruments
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T403/00Joints and connections
    • Y10T403/32Articulated members
    • Y10T403/32254Lockable at fixed position
    • Y10T403/32262At selected angle
    • Y10T403/32319At selected angle including pivot stud
    • Y10T403/32327At selected angle including pivot stud including radially spaced detent or latch component
    • Y10T403/32361Engaging recess in radial face

Description

J. BORNE. FOLDING RULE. APPLICATION FILED FEB. 15, 1909.

2 sannws-snnni 1.

msvnN, R E INDREW a GRAHAM 120., PHOTO-UWDGRAFHERS. WASN Patented Apr. 19, 1910 J.F.BORNE. FOLDING RULE. APPLIGATION FILED FEB. 15, 1909.

2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

ANDRKW & GMRAM' C0 PHOTO-LITHDGRAFHERS. WASHINGTON. 0. c.

Patented Apr; 19, 1910.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

JOHN F. HORNE, OF BUFFALO, NEW YORK.

FOLDING RULE.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, JOHN F. Bonnn, a citizen of the United States, residing at Buffalo, in the county of Erie and State of New York, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Folding Rules, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to folding rules of the class in which the sections are pivoted together by transverse pins which permit the sections to fold laterally or in parallel planes, and more particularly to rules of this kind in which the contiguous sections are provided with automatic locking devices for retaining them in their folded and unfolded positions.

One of the objects ofmy invention is to provide such rules with inexpensive locking devices which do not require the rule-sections to be constructed of steel or similar resilient material, but permit them to be made of any desired material possessing the requisite stifiness such as wood, brass, aluminum or papier mach.

A further object is the construction of such a folding rule in which the jointed sections are doubly locked both in their folded and unfolded positions.

In the accompanying drawings consisting of 2 sheets: Figure 1 is a side elevation of the rule, folded. Fig. 2 is a fragmentary top plan view thereof in the same condition. Fig. 3 is a similar view of two rule-sections, unfolded. Fig. 4 is a longitudinal sect-ion in line 1- 1, Fig. 2. Fig. 5 is a longitudinal section of two rule-sections nearly unfolded, but unlocked. Fig. 6 is a longitudinal section in line 66, Fig. 3, showing the rulesections unfolded and locked. Figs. 7 and 8 are transverse sections on the correspondingly-numbered lines in Fig. 2. Fig. 9 is a perspective view of two separated rule-sections, the lower section being in its normal position and the upper one inverted to show the relation of the locking teats and recesses of the sections. Fig. 10 is a longitudinal section on line 10-10, Fig. 12, showing a modified construction of the locking devices, the rule sections being folded. Fig. 11 is a similar section showing the rule sections nearly unfolded, but unlocked. Fig. 12 is a longitudinal section in line 1212, Fig. 10. Fig. 18 is a fragmentary top plan view and Fig. 14 is a bottom plan view of another modified construction of the rule, both views Specification of Letters Patent.

Application filed February 15, 1909.

Patented Apr. 19, 1910.

Serial No. 477,846.

showing the same unfolded. Fig. 15 is a central longitudinal section of the rule-sections, folded and locked. Fig. 16 is a similar section, showing the rule-sections nearly unfolded, but unlocked.

Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views.

Referring to the construction shown in Figs. 1-9, inclusive, A indicates the rule sections and B the transverse pivots or rivets by which the overlapping end portions of contiguous sections are joined together, so that the sections can be folded and unfolded laterally, in a manner common to this type of rules.

Beyond their connecting pivot B, the rule sections are provided with hinged or yieldable end plates or extensions 0 movable in a plane at right angles to the flat faces of the rule-sections. In the construction shown in the drawings, these extensions are flexibly connected to the ends of the rule-sections by thin plates or leaves D of spring steel or other suitable resilient material, preferably secured to the opposing inner faces of the rule-sections and extensions by rivets cl or other fastenings. The joint between the rule-sections and their extensions is substantially in line with the pivot B, and suiiicient clearance is left between these parts to permit the necessary swinging movement of the extension. The hinge-leaves D may be as wide as the rule-sections, as shown. They preferably extend inwardly beyond the pivot B as far as they extend outwardly beyond it and their outer ends are flush or nearly so, with the free ends of the extensions C. The latter are graduated as shown, to form continuations of the graduated rule-sections. These extensions and the rule-sections are provided in their opposing-faces with 00- operating locking devices of any suitable construction which by reason of the yieldable character of the extensions snap into engagement with each other when adjacent rule-sections are fully folded or unfolded, thus reliably locking the sections in both positions and yet permitting them to be easily unlocked by using suflicient force to overecome the resistance of the hinge leaves D.

In the embodiment of the invention shown in Figs. 19,the extension of each rule-section is provided on its inner side near its free end with a locking teat or projection c and a locking recess or depression f preferably arranged side by side, on opposite sides of the longitudinal center line of the extension. The corresponding rule-section is provided on its inner side with a similar locking recess or socket 9 arranged in longitudinal alinement with the locking projection c of its extension G, the two recesses f, g and the projection e of the same rule-section all being equidistant from the pivot B. By this arrangement of the locking members, when adjacent rule sections are folded, as shown in Figs. 2, 4 and 8, the projection c of each extension C interlocks with the complemental recess of the other extension forming a double lock on the outer side of the pivot B. When the rule sections are fully unfolded, as shown in Figs. 8 and 6, the projection e of each extension interlocks with the recess 9 of the opposing rule-section, locking the two sections together at two points located on opposite sides of the pivot lengthwise of the rule, thus producing a practically rigid joint in this position of the rule-sections.

The teats or projections e are convex, rounded or beveled in order to readily ride up, either on the rule-sections or their extensions, and the corresponding recesses are correspondingly shaped.

It will be understood from the foregoing that the yieldable extensions C with their locking projections and recesses act like spring catches or spring-plates which automatically lock the rule-sections the moment the corresponding locking members come into register with each other, both in the folded and unfolded positions of the sections.

An important advantage of this improvement is that the rule-sections themselves are not required to spring or yield in looking and unlocking them. The material of which rule-sections can be made is therefore not confined to steel or other resilient metal, but they may be constructed of wood or other suitable non-resilient material possessing the requisite strength and stiffness.

The locking teats and recesses are preferably formed integral with the hinge-leaves D by stamping indentations in opposite sides thereof, as shown, producing a simple and inexpensive construction.

In the modified construction of the rule shown in Figs. 10, 11 and 12, the extensions C of adjacent rule-sections are hinged to the latter by flexible leaves D D respectively. One of the leaves, say D is pro vided in its face with a pair of locking r cesses f g arranged equidistant from the pivot B and on opposite sides thereof lengthwise of the rule; while the hinge leaf D has a pair of locking projections 6 6 likewise arranged and adapted to interlock with the recesses 7, g both in the folded and unfolded positions of the rule. In this case, the inner stud or projection e is preferably carried by a spring tongue it formed lntegral with the hinge-leaf, to permit said stud to yield in folding the rule and so avoid springing of the rule-sections. As shown at the rule-section is provided with a recess into which the tongue 72. recedes when deflected. This construction also produces a double lock both in the folded and unfolded positions of the rule-sections.

In the modification illustrated in Figs. 13 to 16, the invention is embodied in a rule having a single lock. In this case, but one of the adjacent rule-sections A A is provided with a yieldable extension C the hinge plate D whereof is provided with a projection 6'' adapted to interlock with either of two recesses 9 formed in a plate D secured to the opposing rule-section, the projection engaging the recess 9 in the folded position of the sections, as shown in Fig. 15, and the recess 9 in the unfolded position thereof.

It will be noted that in each of the several embodiments of the invention herein shown and described, a flexible or yieldable extension is employed on one or both of a jointed pair of rule-sections and that said extension and the opposing rule-section are provided with eomplemental locking members arranged to lock the sections both in their folded and unfolded positions.

Other changes or modifications coming within the scope of the appended claims may obviously be made, and I do not therefore Wish to be limited to the particular constructions herein shown and described.

I claim as my, invention:

1. In a folding rule, the combination of a rule-section, and a second rulesection connected to the first-named section by a pivot arranged at right angles to the plane of the sections, to permit them to fold laterally, the second-named section being provided beyond said pivot with a yieldable graduated extension movable toward and from the face of the opposing section, said extension forming a continuation of the measuring part of the second-named section and having locking means arranged to engage the first-named section.

2. In a folding rule, the combination of a rule-section, a second rule-section pivotally connected therewith and provided beyond the pivot-joint with a separate extension, ar ranged substantially in the plane of the corresponding rule-section to form a continuation thereof, and means for yieldingly hinging said extension to the corresponding rulesection, said extension and the first-named rule section having cooperating locking members.

In a folding rule, the combination of a rule-section, a second rule-section pivotally connected therewith and provided beyond the pivot-joint with a separate extension, and an elastic hinge-leaf connecting said extension with the corresponding rule-section, said leaf and the first-named rule section having cooperating locking members.

4. 111 a folding rule, the combination of a pair of rule-sections, and a pivot connecting the same, each of said sections being provided beyond said pivot with a yieldable extension arranged substantially in the plane of the corresponding section to form a continuation thereof, and each of said extensions having a locking member arranged to engage a cooperating locking member on the opposing rule-section.

5. In a folding rule, the combination of a pair of rule-sections a pivot connecting the same, each of said sections being provided beyond said pivot with a separate extension, and elastic hinge-leaves connecting said extensions with the respective rule-sections, said leaves being provided with complemental projections and recesses arranged to lock the rule-sections in their folded and unfolded positions.

6. In a folding rule, the combination of a pair of rule sections pivotally connected together each of said sections being provided beyond the pivot-joint with a yieldable extension capable of swinging toward and from the opposing rulesection, each extension having a projection and a recess arranged to interlock with the complemental members of the opposing extension when the rule-sections are folded.

7 In a folding rule, the combination of a pair of rule-sections pivotally connected together, each of said sections being provided beyond the pivot-joint with a yieldable extension capable of swinging toward and from the opposing rule-section, each extension having a projection and a recess arranged to interlock with the complemental members of the opposing extension when the rule-sections are folded and each section having a recess arranged to interlock with the projection of the opposing extension when the sections are unfolded.

8. In a folding rule, the combination of a pair of rule sections pivotally connected together, each of said sections being provided beyond the pivot-joint with a yieldable extension each extension having a locking proj ection and a locking recess located on opposite sides of the longitudinal center line of the extension and arranged to interlock with the complemental members of the opposing extension when the rule sections are folded, and each section having a recess located diagonally opposite the recess of the corresponding extension and arranged to interlock with the projection of the opposing extension when the sections are unfolded.

Witness my hand this 11th day of February, 1909.

JOHN F. BORNE. Witnesses:

C. F. GEYER, E. M. GRAHAM.

US47784609A 1909-02-15 1909-02-15 Folding rule. Expired - Lifetime US955314A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3776172A (en) * 1971-10-15 1973-12-04 L Lambert Anchor
US4067413A (en) * 1975-08-04 1978-01-10 Herbert Olsen Collapsible ladders
US4881843A (en) * 1988-03-25 1989-11-21 Those Characters From Cleveland, Inc. Joint structure
US20040172841A1 (en) * 2002-12-16 2004-09-09 Plano System Ab Snap locking angle adjustable device, in particular a carpenter's square
US20110073723A1 (en) * 2009-09-25 2011-03-31 Ashpole Benjamin C Joint and foldable structures employing the same
US20140190013A1 (en) * 2013-01-09 2014-07-10 Christopher Coviello Articulating handheld razor tool
US9103711B2 (en) 2011-04-14 2015-08-11 Dennis Farhat Beam scale for proportioning a first component and a second component
USD776876S1 (en) 2015-12-16 2017-01-17 Project Razor Llc Shaving razor handle

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3776172A (en) * 1971-10-15 1973-12-04 L Lambert Anchor
US4067413A (en) * 1975-08-04 1978-01-10 Herbert Olsen Collapsible ladders
US4881843A (en) * 1988-03-25 1989-11-21 Those Characters From Cleveland, Inc. Joint structure
US20040172841A1 (en) * 2002-12-16 2004-09-09 Plano System Ab Snap locking angle adjustable device, in particular a carpenter's square
US7047655B2 (en) * 2002-12-16 2006-05-23 Plano System Ab Snap locking angle adjustable device, in particular a carpenter's square
US20110073723A1 (en) * 2009-09-25 2011-03-31 Ashpole Benjamin C Joint and foldable structures employing the same
US8899536B2 (en) 2009-09-25 2014-12-02 Benjamin ASHPOLE Joint and foldable structures employing the same
US9103711B2 (en) 2011-04-14 2015-08-11 Dennis Farhat Beam scale for proportioning a first component and a second component
US20140190013A1 (en) * 2013-01-09 2014-07-10 Christopher Coviello Articulating handheld razor tool
US9308658B2 (en) * 2013-01-09 2016-04-12 Project Razor Llc Articulating handheld razor tool
USD776876S1 (en) 2015-12-16 2017-01-17 Project Razor Llc Shaving razor handle

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