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Folding-box.

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Publication number
US953132A
US953132A US1909503821A US953132A US 953132 A US953132 A US 953132A US 1909503821 A US1909503821 A US 1909503821A US 953132 A US953132 A US 953132A
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US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
box
inner
form
wall
outer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Frederick G Fischer
Original Assignee
Frederick G Fischer
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D5/00Containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons, trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper
    • B65D5/42Details of containers or of foldable or erectable container blanks
    • B65D5/56Linings or internal coatings, e.g. pre-formed trays provided with a blow- or thermoformed layer
    • B65D5/566Linings made of relatively rigid sheet material, e.g. carton

Description

F. G. FISCHER.

FOLDING BOX. APPLICATION mum mm: as, 1909.

953,132, Patented Mar. 29, 1910.

4 SHEETS-SHEET 1.

WITNESSES V Wyn/10R @719 JMWAV. v [htd'lgftk 01 1301202 w ATTORNEYS F. G. FISCHER.

FOLDING BOX.

APPLIOLTIOR FILED JUNE 23, 1900.

Patented Mar.29,1910.

4 sums-sum z.

ATTORNEYS F. G. FISCHER.

FOLDING BOX. APPLICATION FILED JUNE 23, 1900.

Patentd Mar.29, 1910.

4 SHEETS-SHEET 3.

INVENTOR fi t'delu'c'l alike/2e] WITNESSES F. G. FISCHER.

FOLDING BOX APYLIOATIOH FILED JUNE 23, 1909.

Patented Mar. 29,1910.

4 SHEETS-SHEET 4.

WITNESSES Q I VENT 0!? Memo} alike/en anomws 's FREDERICK G. FISCHER, F NEW HAVEN, CONNECTICUT.

FOLDING BOX.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Application filed i'une 23, 1909 Serial No. 508,821.

Patented Mar. 29,- 1910.

. To all whom it may concern:

Be. it known that I, Fixnonniox G.

' FISCHER, a citizen of the United States, and

a resident of New Haven, in the county of New Haven and-State of Connecticut, have invented a new and Improved Folding Box of which the following is a full, clear, an

r rexact description.

The principal obj'ectswhich the present invention has in view are to provide a folding box having an inner compartment so constructed that dampness is excluded from the box; to provide a folding box the outer wall of which is so constructed as to form no visible joint; to provide a construction wherein both the inner and outer ,walls of the box are provided with view openings which aline; and to provide a construction having a bin ed cover having the four struc tural sides rmly secured to form a rigid structure. 2

ilar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the views.

- .Figure 1 is a perspective view of a box constructed in accordancewiththe present invention; Fig. 2 1s a perspective view of the inner wall; Fig. 3 is a vertical longi-' tudinal section of a box constructed. in conformity with this invention; Fig. 4 is a vertical cross section oithe inner'WaIh Fig. 5

is a horizontal section of the outerfiwal the box, showing the arrangement and construction of the bottom flaps; Fig. 6 is a plan view from beneath, showing the construction and arrangementof the bottom flaps of the outer wall; Fig.7 is an outspread view of theblank forrning the outer wall of the box; Fig. 8 is an outspread view of the blank forming the inner wall of the box; Fig. 9 is a to view of the inner wall shown in the act 0 being folded- Fig. 10 is a vertical longitudinal section oi the structure forming the outer wall of the box; Fig. 11 is a. perspective view of'the outer wall of the box shown in a modified form; and Fig.

12 is an outspread view of the, blank from' t which the modified form of the outer wall is constructed.

from the contents of the box any dam ness which might rise upward from the shell.

A further. essential to this form of box is that the sides should resent anunbroken surface to receive any or configuration.

construction of the inner and outer walls ihall1 differ, to embody the two essentials set ort A further desirable feature incident -to such construction is that the covervor lid shall. be hinged to the body structure andhave depending side walls. 1

It is in recognition of the necessities above stated that I have provided a construction, herein shown and described, having two separate walls formed from blanks sepa rately constructed and essentially difierin For the convenience of descri tion- I w' l first describe the inner wall which is illustrated at Fig. 8 of the drawings.

As above stated, it is essential to the proper construction of-the inner wall that there shall be 'no openi or joint which would lead, throu h capi ary or other action, the moisture i -rom the bench or floor on which the box may be set, up to and within the containing portion of the box. In Fi therefore becomes essential that the? orm of pictorial de- 8 of the drawings the scoring of the blank 1s illustrated by dotted lines shown in the said figure, the full lines illustrating severed or ,cut portions. The scores form the bottom panel 14, from the four-sides of which are extended the panels 15, 16' and 17, 17.- The diagonal scores 18, 18 are extended from the corners of the bottom panel 14 to the inner corners of the folding extensions 20, 20. U on the scores 18, 18,the extensions 20, 20 to (1 together, as shown in Fig. 9 of the drawings. In thus'folding the extensions 20, 20 u oneach other and along the scores 18, 18, the panels 15, 16 and 17, 17 are bent upward from the bottom 14. The folded extensions 20, 20 are extended outward from the lower corner upward, and the folded ex- A tensions are then led around, upon and to the outside of the panels 17, 17 and there secured. I i

The folded form above described is secured by means of the tabs 21, 21 andthe sockets 22, 22, so disposed on op osite sides as to receive the tabs 21, 21. e sockets 22,' 22 are formed substantially as shown in the drawings and of slightly'les's length than thelength-of the head of the tabs'21, 21.

The tabs 21, 21 are mounted upon extensions 23, 23, protruded from the extensions 20, 20,

on the one side of the blank forming the inner wall. I The extensions 23, 23 are of sufficient length to overlap the extensions 20, 20 on .the opposite side of the blank to permit the tabs 21, 21 to enter and engage the sockets 22, 22. When the side walls of the box are thus held in theirvertical position by reason of the engagement of the tabs 21, 21 with the sockets 22, 22, the structure of the inner wall of the box is further strengthened by tabs 24, 24 on extensions 25, 25, to be inserted within sockets 26, 26

' formed in the extensions 20, 20.

It will be noticed that with the turning bf the extensions 25, 25 down upon the folded extensions 20, 20 the passage between the 'folded extensions and the panels 17, 17

on the outside thereof is closed by the said extensions 25,25. This construction is such that should any water gain admission through the outer wall of'this box and be carried by capillary action upward between the walls of the extensions 20, 20 and the panels 17, it would be prevented from entering the'box through this passage by the folded extensions 25, 25. A further-purpose is served by the extensions 25, 25 in strengthening the anchorage of the various parts.

- 'With the'construc-tion above described, 1t Wlll be seen that we have a containing vessel to which the access of dampness from the outside except through the open top is completelyprevented.- At the same time, it will be seen that ,thesides are not such as would be desired for'a display box or carton.

The display feature in the completed box is provided by'the outer wall, formed from the blank as shown in Fig. 7 of the drawings. In this blank the panels 26,. 27, 28 and 29 form the vertical sides of the completed box. In this view of Fig. 7 as in Fig. 8, the dotted lines illustrate the scores or deep rulings upon which the material is bent.

The bottom of the box is formed by panels 30,31, 32 and 33. These panels are sepa-;

rated from the adjacent panels by severing cuts,as shown by the full lines separating them. They are folded at right angles .to the side forming the panel to which they are connected. They overlap from. opposite directions when the panels 26, 27, 28 and 29 are formed to a rectilmear shape. In this position of the side panels the tabs 34, 34 of the panel 32 are brou ht into position, to be in-, 'serted' within soc ets 35, 35 formed in the panel30, and the tabs 34 of the panel 31 are inserted within the sockets 35 formed in the panel 33. The bottom thus formed for the outer wall is a stron structure, consisting in the major part 0 .four thicknesses, as shown in Figs. 5 and 6. l

the panel 29 separating; from the panel 26, the latter .is provided with a lateral extension 36, which when bent'at rigl'it angles to the panel 26 is glued, stapled or sewed to the panel 29. When thus folded and secured together, the panels 26, 27, 28 and 29 form a substantial and rigid box like structure.

This structure is slightly larger than .the

structure formed from the blank illustrated in Fig. 8 of the drawings, as it 'is intended that the inner wall formed fromthe blank shown in Fig. 8 shall be inserted within the outer .wall formed by the blank shown in Fig.7. The difference in size is slight, to.

require some little pressure to force the one within the other.

Where the coinpleted box is to be used to contain articles it is desired to display, both the blank forming the inner wall and the.

blank forming the outer wall are cut to form an opening37, 37; These openings aline when the two formed structures are forced together, as above set forth. The inner wall is rovided while in the blank with a sheet of lsinglass, mica or other material 38. This is glued or otherwise secured tosa'id wall. The covering for the opening 37 in the inner .wall is preferably secured to the outside-of the said wall.

The completed' box is hinged cover formed by a panel 39 which is attached to the panel 29 substantially as shown in Fig. 7 of the drawings. From each of the sides of the panel 39 areextended flaps 40 and 41, 41. All of the flaps are of the same width. Those designated as 41, 41 are bent from the panel, to overlap the completed box and are provided with sockets 42, 42, shaped substantially as shown in-said Fig. 7 of the drawings. The flaps 40, 40 are provided with end extensions 43, 43, on which are formed tabs 44, 44, adapted to extend within and engage the sockets 42. When the flaps 40, 40 and 41, 41 are bent from the panel 39 and secured by the tabs 44, 44 engaging with the sockets 42, 42, a cover is formed for the box which resembles in structure and operation the hinged covers of metal and wooden boxes. The hinge is formed by the scoring "interposed between the panel 29 and the adjacent flap 40; It will be noticed that the scoring which separates the panel 29 from the flap 40' interposed between the said panel 29 and thesaid panel 39 is disposed below the up er edge of the box structure formed 'bythe b ank shown in Fig. 7 of the drawings. The scoring just referred to is-at the'sam'e level on the completed box structure as will be the turned edges of the other of the flaps 40, 41, 41,

' when the top or lid is turned down upon the box structure, so as to infold the upper edge thereof. v

In the modified form of the box structure provided with a shown at Fi s.'=11 and 12 of the drawings, theuppere ge of.the panels 26, 27 and 28 are'formed level with the' scoring constitutingathis hinge, as above described. In this form of the construction the inner wall shown in dotted lines at Fig. 11 constitutes theguides for the top or cover.

Injthe form of box illustrated at Fig. 1 of thedrawings, the uppered 'e down to the dotted line therein shown farms the guide for the cover, while extensions 45, *form lateral inward extensions or.covering edges for thebox structure, sealing the many ply formation of the side walls. In the completed box structure, if desired, the extensions45, 45" may be held in their butted relation by any suitablefo'rm of construction;

In the modified form shown at Figs. 11 and 12, I have changed the constructlon of the top or lid by forming in the blank the corner sections 46, 46. These sections I fold inward on the line 47, 47 then turn the folded sections against the extensions 41, 41 and secure them in this position by driving metal sta les 48, 48 through the assembled layers.

' aving thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:

1. A folding box com rising a plurality of box-like receptacles a apted to fit the one within the other to form the inner and outer walls, of the said box, constructed each from a continuous flat 3 read sheet ada ted to be folded in receptac e form with t e lapped portions of the inner receptacle disposed on the exterior of the side sections thereof, and the lap'ed portions of the'outer receptacle dis ose on the bottom section thereof, the suit outer receptaclebein brovided with flatextensions to over-fokl t e up er edge of the inner receptacle; and ,means or securing the said -l'apped. portions'in folded position. 2. A folding box, com rising an inner box-like receptacle forme from a continuous sheet folded to form inner bottom and side flushsurfaces; an outer box-like receptacle formedfrom a continuous sheet folded to form outer side flush surfaces and havin a bottom consisting of a' plurality of lappec extensions of the sides ofsaid outer rece tacle; and securing means for holdin t e said receptacles together to form a single structure having flush inner and outer surfaces.

A folding box comprising a plurality of box-like receptacles adaptedto fit the one within the other to form the inner and outer wallsof the said'box; said receptacle forming the inner wall embodying a continuous sheet bended to form a rectangular inner space the lateral-extensions whereof are u turned to form the sides of said rece tac e and the material intermediate the sai sides whereof is unsevered and folded outward and lappedu on the said sides of the rece'ptacle; the sai out-er receptacle formed from a continuous sheet bended to form recta'n lar sections having extensions ada ted to old each upon the other to form a ottom for saidreceptacle; and securing means'forx holding the said receptacles togetherfto' K form a single structure having an' impenetratable inner wall and flush inner and outer surfaces.

4. A folding box com rising a. plurality of box-like receptacles a apted to fit the one within the other to form the inner and outer walls of the said box; said receptacle forming the inner wall embodying a continuous sheet bended to form a rectangular inner space the lateral extensions whereof are u s turned to form'the sides of said receptac e and the material intermediate the said sides whereof is unsevered and folded outward and lapped u on the said sides of the receptacle; the sai outer receptacle formed from a continuous sheet bended to form rectanular sections having extensions ada ted to fold each upon the other to form a ottom for said receptacle; and securing means embodying a flap extension'of'the side sections of the outer receptacle to over-fold the u per edge'of the inner receptacle to hold t e said receptacles together to form a single structure the innertwall whereof is impenetratabl'e and having flush inner and outer surfaces.

' 5. A folding box com rising an inner box-like .rece tacle forme from a continuous sheet fol ed to form inner bottom and sideflush'surfaces; an outer box-like receptacle formed from a continuous sheet folded to form outer side flush surfaces and havin a bottom consisting of a plurality of lapped flaps adaptedto be i walls of said box; the said receptacle forming the inner wall constructed from .a con- 12o tinuous sheet folded to form inner bottom and side flush surfaces; the said receptacle forming the outer wall formed from a continuous sheet folded to form bo'x side sec: tions disposed in serial order each of said sections having a flap-like extension adapted to be folded upon each other to form the bottom of the receptacle; a" box top adapted "to infold the upper edge. of said inner receptacle consisting in a lateral extension of 130 one of said side sections havlng extended.

from theisides thereof depended guides, one

"of said guides being ficxiblyattached to.v the 1 side section to which said top is attached to forni a hinge for said top; and securing means for holding the ,said receptacles in their box-like form.

7. A folding box comprising a plurality I of box-like receptacles adapted to fit the one within the other to form the inner and outer walls of said box; the said receptacle forniing the inner wall constructed from a continuous sheet folded to .form inner bottomi bottom of the receptacles; a box top adapted to infold the upper edges ofsaid receptacles consisting in a lateral extension of one of said side sections having extended from the sides thereof depended guides, one 'of said guides being flexibly attached to the side section to which said top is attached and below the upper edge of the other of said side sections to form a hinge for said top; and securing means for holding all of. said parts in their folded position.

In testimony whereof I-- have signed my name to this specification in the presence of 1 two subscribing witnesses.

FREDERICK G. FISCHER.

' .lVitnesses:

Orro STEPHEN HALL, L. L. SABIN.

US953132A 1909-06-23 1909-06-23 Folding-box. Expired - Lifetime US953132A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2649240A (en) * 1947-10-13 1953-08-18 Clyde L Gilbert Blank for box production
US2741416A (en) * 1953-03-02 1956-04-10 Morris Paper Mills Container
US4801079A (en) * 1987-01-22 1989-01-31 Federico Gonella High capacity collapsible container
US5344065A (en) * 1991-06-03 1994-09-06 Moran Charles E C Reversible containers
US6892513B1 (en) 1999-10-19 2005-05-17 Kraft Foods Holdings, Inc. Method of forming and filling an end load carton with a food delivery system
US20110121060A1 (en) * 2007-08-22 2011-05-26 Gram Ole Foldable container with gusset folds

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2649240A (en) * 1947-10-13 1953-08-18 Clyde L Gilbert Blank for box production
US2741416A (en) * 1953-03-02 1956-04-10 Morris Paper Mills Container
US4801079A (en) * 1987-01-22 1989-01-31 Federico Gonella High capacity collapsible container
US5344065A (en) * 1991-06-03 1994-09-06 Moran Charles E C Reversible containers
US6892513B1 (en) 1999-10-19 2005-05-17 Kraft Foods Holdings, Inc. Method of forming and filling an end load carton with a food delivery system
US20110121060A1 (en) * 2007-08-22 2011-05-26 Gram Ole Foldable container with gusset folds

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