US946487A - Electromagnet. - Google Patents

Electromagnet. Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US946487A
US946487A US44327408A US1908443274A US946487A US 946487 A US946487 A US 946487A US 44327408 A US44327408 A US 44327408A US 1908443274 A US1908443274 A US 1908443274A US 946487 A US946487 A US 946487A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
armature
spring
force
circuit
magnet
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US44327408A
Inventor
Elmer A Burlingame
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
BURLINGAME TELEGRAPHING TYPEWRITER Co
Original Assignee
BURLINGAME TELEGRAPHING TYPEWRITER Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by BURLINGAME TELEGRAPHING TYPEWRITER Co filed Critical BURLINGAME TELEGRAPHING TYPEWRITER Co
Priority to US44327408A priority Critical patent/US946487A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US946487A publication Critical patent/US946487A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H47/00Circuit arrangements not adapted to a particular application of the relay and designed to obtain desired operating characteristics or to provide energising current
    • H01H47/02Circuit arrangements not adapted to a particular application of the relay and designed to obtain desired operating characteristics or to provide energising current for modifying the operation of the relay
    • H01H47/04Circuit arrangements not adapted to a particular application of the relay and designed to obtain desired operating characteristics or to provide energising current for modifying the operation of the relay for holding armature in attracted position, e.g. when initial energising circuit is interrupted; for maintaining armature in attracted position, e.g. with reduced energising current

Description

E. A. BURLINGAME.
ELEGTROMAGNET.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 13,1908,
Patented Jan. 11, 1910.
v HII E W I H EEIH vvlTNE/s'szgfs 1 INVENTOR' ATTYSL UNITED sTA n s PATENT oFFioE.
ELMER A. BURLINGAME, OF SAN FRANCISCO, CALI FO RNIA ASSIGNORTO BURLINGAME TELEGRAPHING TYPEWRITEB COMPANY, A CORPORATION OF WASHINGTON.
ELECTROMAGNET.
Specification of Lettersl'iitent. Patented J an, 1 1, 1910,
Application file'd my 13, 1908. Serial No. 443,274;
electro-magnets and the object of the invention is to provide an electromagnetic device by which a part to be operated can .be
moved to selective distances from a neutral position according to the voltage of the current traversing the magnet coils. I aim to provide a simple form of magnet which will operate efficiently and reliably, and may' be produced at a low cost. y
The invention includes the features of construction and arrangements and combination of parts hereinafter described and particularly set forth in the appended claim.
The accompanying drawings, which form a part of this specification,illustrate a mag.- net constructed in accordance with my invention.
In the said drawings: Figure 1 is a front elevation of the magnet; Fig. 2, is a side elevation of the same; Fig. 3, is an end elevation; Fig. 4,- is a diagram of the circuit; Fig. 5, is a crosssection of the armature and poles at line w en in Fig. 1, showing in detail the mechanism employed in-controlling the successive moves of the armature, and; Fig. 6, is a diagram illusltrating the various controlled moves of the a nature.
Referring to the drawings, the numeral 1, is an iron base block to which are attached on its lower side the magnet coils 2 and 3, and
on its upper side the armhture support 4. Pivotally mounted in the armature support- 4, by any suitably adjustable pivots? and 6, is the armature beam 7.011 which is a spring 8, insulated therefrom. On the magnets 2 and 3 are the pole pieces 10 and 9. ()n a suitable support below the. pole pieces, as shown, is
the contact screw 11, which is provided Witha suitable contact point, to engage in contact with the spring 3 through an opening in the armature beam 7. Attached to the armature beam at a point opposite the pole pieces 9 and 10 is the armature piece 12, against the face of which the coil spring 13, supported by the circular plate 14,, and adjustable screw 15. Around the circular plate 14, is the collar 16, which in turn is held with its flange 17 against the plate 14 by the coil spring 18, which rests on the yoke that is secured to the pole pieces 9'and 10. This yoke 19 is of some nonmagnetic material.
, The magnets 2 and 3 are each provided with a double winding. One of the windings, is shown in Fig. 4, by the wires 20 and 21 through the coil, and this is designated as the operating circuit. ing is of a local circuit form-ed as follows and shown in Fig. 4: battery 22, switch 23, wire 24, contact screw 11, spring 8, wire 25, wire 26, the magnet coils 2 and 3, Wire 27, back to the battery 22. Normally the spring 13 holds the armature beam 7, with its at circuit over which the current will be can.
to flow and on throughtheprimary winding of the magnet coils.- This will energize the magnets 2 and 3 so that the pole pieces 9 and The secondary windcause a contact of the spring 8 with the .contact screw ll This contact will close the I local circuit formed of the battery 22, switch 23, wire 24, contact screw 11, spring 8, wire 25, wire 26, magnets 2 and 3, wire 27, backto battery 22. Now when the primary current over wires 20 and 21 ceases, the energy derived'from the local circuit, as described, will be sutticient to hold the armature beam 7 and the armature piece 12 in contact with collar 16, and the spring 8 on the armature in contact with the contact screw 11, thus retaining the flo'wof the current from the battery 22through the secondary winding of the magnet and retaining the magnetic force so generated in the pole pieces 9 and 10. This condition will continue until this local circuit: is broken, as for illustration, by means of the switch 23.
The spring 13 can be compressed by the magnetic force generated by the current of four volts given over the wire. but the magnetic force of four volts so given is not sufiicient to compress the spring 18. This spring 18 is also so proportioned that it will resist. the magnetic force exerted through the mag- .nct coils by the local circuit. as described,
when added to the force exerted by the four volts in passing through the coils from the.
primary circuit..
7 It is a well known principle that a force exerting between an armature and the pole points of a magnet, with a constant current through the magnet, isapproximately increasing ly proportionate to the square of the distance between the faces of the armature and the pole pointf Now, as shown in Fig. 6, the armature piece 12 and the pole points 9 and 10, with a given current, will have a force of one unit additional unit of force. Theprimary circuit is then broken at an outside point on the operating circuit 20 and 21. The local circuit still exerts a force of one unit on the armature piece 12 which is at point B. This force is greater than is required to hold spring 13 in compression, and since it requires less than one unit to hold the spring 13 in compression the armature piece. 12 will remain against the collar 16, or m such position at B, until the circuit is broken as lt'by the switch 23, when the armature beam 7 will be returned to its normal position by the spring 13. Now should a current of eight-volts be sent over the primary circuit to the wires 20 and 21, energizing the magnet, it will exert a force of four units at the beginning of the stroke of the armature piece 12 as it is attracted. When the armature piece 12 reaches the point, as at B, or in contact with the collar 16,"thi s force will be sixteen units. The local circuit is again closed, adding an additional unit. of force making a total of seventeen units of force against the collar 16. As beforedescribed,
seams":
! the spring 18 resisted a force of live units, but now there is a force of seventeen units I against it, which is suflicient to compress it t and bring thearmature to the position shown at D, where the primary force now exerted is two hundred and fifty-six units and the secondary circuit exerts an additional force of sixteen units. The primary, or operating circuit, is now broken at some outside pdint, and the secondary force of sixteen units remains in the magnet. This force is more than enough to hold the sprin 18 and the spring 13 in compression and retain the armature in the position thus given it. When the circuit is broken in the local current as byopening the switch 23, the spring 13 returns the collar 16 to its normal position against the disk 14 and the spring 13 returns the armature beam 7 to its normal position.
The bar 28 is of fiber or some such insulat- 'ing material on which are mounted the binding posts 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, and 34, as suitable and convenient means for attaching the wires of the main and the local circuits. As a convenient means for holding the magnet in osition is shown the piece 35 with the ad usting screw 36 attached to the bar 37.
Having thus described my invention what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is y In an electro-magnet, a magnet provided with two circuits, one being in secondary relation to the other, an armature being in two portions, one portion carrying an armature piece, and the other portion adapted to open or close the circuit of the secondary circuit, springs in succession and of different strengths between said armature piece and said magnet, strengths of said springs in proportion to different magnetic attractions of said magnet, substantially as described.
In testimony whereofyl have affixed my signature in the resence of two witnesses this 29th day of one 1908.
ELMER A. BURLINGAME.
Witnesses:
FRANK L. OWEN,
A. DIXON.
US44327408A 1908-07-13 1908-07-13 Electromagnet. Expired - Lifetime US946487A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US44327408A US946487A (en) 1908-07-13 1908-07-13 Electromagnet.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US44327408A US946487A (en) 1908-07-13 1908-07-13 Electromagnet.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US946487A true US946487A (en) 1910-01-11

Family

ID=3014908

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US44327408A Expired - Lifetime US946487A (en) 1908-07-13 1908-07-13 Electromagnet.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US946487A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2449185A (en) * 1944-06-05 1948-09-14 Robertshaw Fulton Controls Co Safety control system for fuel burners
US3253215A (en) * 1959-09-30 1966-05-24 Automatic Switch Co Overload current detecting device having laminated split core means coupled to a holding circuit with indicator

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2449185A (en) * 1944-06-05 1948-09-14 Robertshaw Fulton Controls Co Safety control system for fuel burners
US3253215A (en) * 1959-09-30 1966-05-24 Automatic Switch Co Overload current detecting device having laminated split core means coupled to a holding circuit with indicator

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US692217A (en) Snap-switch.
US1169475A (en) Magnetic apparatus.
US1606164A (en) Circuit-controlling device
US946487A (en) Electromagnet.
US928582A (en) Polarized magnet.
US364619A (en) Relay-instrument
US1088878A (en) Electromagnetic device.
US921794A (en) Polarized magnet.
US853305A (en) Circuit-changing apparatus.
US2695346A (en) Electric relay
US1117722A (en) Track-controlled mechanism.
US226485A (en) Jesse h
US2345490A (en) Electrical relay
US1071905A (en) Electromagnetic device.
US420422A (en) Ernest p
US558672A (en) Relay
US638101A (en) Telegraph instrument.
US989792A (en) Telegraph-relay.
US963996A (en) Electric switch.
US1743470A (en) Magnetic device
US571952A (en) Electric switch
US1035493A (en) Telephone-line selective-switch device.
US189584A (en) Improvement in armatures for electro-magnets
US1271514A (en) Sounder.
US315427A (en) Polarized