US945469A - Automatic mechanical stoker. - Google Patents

Automatic mechanical stoker. Download PDF

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Publication number
US945469A
US945469A US44872008A US1908448720A US945469A US 945469 A US945469 A US 945469A US 44872008 A US44872008 A US 44872008A US 1908448720 A US1908448720 A US 1908448720A US 945469 A US945469 A US 945469A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
furnace
grate
automatic mechanical
bars
bar
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US44872008A
Inventor
Lewis A Mapel
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
PERRY W FALLIS
W CLARENCE WOOD
WM J TUCHER
CHAS H JONES
CLARENCE WOOD W
PATRICK M QUIRKE
Original Assignee
CHAS H JONES
CLARENCE WOOD W
PATRICK M QUIRKE
PERRY W FALLIS
WM J TUCHER
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CHAS H JONES, CLARENCE WOOD W, PATRICK M QUIRKE, PERRY W FALLIS, WM J TUCHER filed Critical CHAS H JONES
Priority to US44872008A priority Critical patent/US945469A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US945469A publication Critical patent/US945469A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23HGRATES; CLEANING OR RAKING GRATES
    • F23H7/00Inclined or stepped grates
    • F23H7/06Inclined or stepped grates with movable bars disposed parallel to direction of fuel feeding
    • F23H7/08Inclined or stepped grates with movable bars disposed parallel to direction of fuel feeding reciprocating along their axes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/18Mechanical movements
    • Y10T74/18056Rotary to or from reciprocating or oscillating
    • Y10T74/18184Crank, pitman, and lever

Description

L. A. MAPEL.

AUTOMATIC MECHANICAL STOKER.

APPLICATION FILED AUG.15, 1908.

0 L 1 9H 13 ,H H s an JB an m2 n m a P haw??? L. A. MAPBL.

AUTOMATIC MEUHANIGAL STOKER.

APPLIGATION FILED AUG.15, 1908.

Patented J an. 4, 1916.

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LEVIS A. MAPEIJ, OF ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-SIXTH TO WM. J. TUCKER, ONE-SIXTH TO PERRY W. FALLIS, ONE-SIXTH TO PATRICK M. QUIRKE, ONE-S XTH TO W. CLARENCE WOOD, AND ONE-SIXT MISSOURI.

31' TO CHAS. H. JONES, ALL OF ST. LCUIS,

AUTOMATIC MECHANICAL STOKER.

To all whom it ma z concern:

Be it known that I, Lnwrs A. MAPEL, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at the city of St. Louis. in the State of Missouri, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Automatic Mechanical Stokers, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming part of this specification.

My invention relates to a new and use ful improvement in automatic mechanical stokers, and has for its object to produce a furnace grate having movable grate-bars therein, alternately advanced and retracted or vice versa and lowered and raised, whereby the fuel may be fed within a fire chamber onto succeeding grate-bars, and to provide novel means for actuating said gratebars.

Figure I is a vertical longitudinal section taken through my improved stoker together with a portion of the rear end of a furnace to which it is applied. F II is a front elevation of the stoker. Fig. III is a transverse vertical section of one half of the stoker taken on line IIIIII, Fig. I. Fig. IV is a. horizontal section of the rear end of one half of the furnace, the view being taken on line IVIV, Fig. II, a portion of the device being shown in top plan.

A designates the side walls of the furnace, B the furnace front, O the bridge wall, and D the boiler. The furnace front 13 is provided with an opening I), and the ash-pit floor or bottom of the furnace rear of the bridge wall is provided with two parallel tracks E, which tracks extend a suitable distance beyond the furnace front.

1 designates a truck, as an entirety, which is provided with wheels 2 that rest upon the tracks E, and 3 are side frames mounted upon the journals of the wheels 2, said frames 3 being preferably tied together at their forward ends by a bar or plate 4. The side frames 3 are formed with inclined upper faces which are highest at their rear ends and slant downwardly toward the bridge wall. Along the upper edge of these inclined side frames are arranged av plurality of horizontally disposed perforations designed to receive bolts 6 which bolts are Specification of Letters Patent.

Application filed August 15, 1808.

Patented Jan. 4, 1910. Serial No. 448,720.

also pivotsfor a plurality of double-armed levers 7.

t5 designates brackets carried by the side frames 3 and located near the inner ends of said side frames, and which have journaled thereto rollers 9.

1O designates the grate bars proper each of which is supported on and pivoted at its rear end to the upper arm of a correspondng lever 7. The innermost grate bar is so arranged that its free end rests upon the rollers 9 while each next adjacent grate bar rearwardly thereof is so arranged that its free end rests upon or overlaps the grate bar next forwardly thereof at a point near its pivot point. 'These grate bars are provided with slots 11 to provide for the passage of air therethrough as will be readily understood.

lhe lower ends of the double-armed levers 7 are pivoted to operating bars 12 and 13 in the following manner: The double rmed levers which I will designate as 7-, 7, and 7 are pivoted to the operating bar 12 while the alternately disposed bars 7 7 and 7 are pivoted to the operating bar 13.

1e designates an auxiliary furnace front which is designed, when the device 1S 1Il proper position for use, to close the opening 1) formed in the main furnace front, said auxiliary furnace front 14 being bolted or otherwise secured to the side frames 3 of the truck 1. This front 14 is provided upon its upper end with a hopper 15 into which fuel is fed to the furnace, said front being also provided atits lower portion with an ashpit door 16.

17 designates a palr of brackets secured to the front 14 and journal-2d in said brackets is a main driving shaft 18. I

19 designates a pair of eccentr cs secured to the shaft 18 and each of which is provided with a strap 20 provided with a portion having a slot 21. In each of the slots 21 is arranged a slidable box 22 in which 1s journaled a rock shaft 23, said boxes 22 be ing held against lateral movement by collars 24.

25 designates a pair of double-armed levers pivoted at 26 to the brackets 17, the upper ends of which levers are securedto the ends of the rock shaft 23 and at a point on said upper arm intermediate the pivot point 26 and the said shaft 23 is pivoted one end of the operating bar 12, while to the lowermost arm of the lever 25 is pivotally connected one end of the operating bar 13.

28 designates hand wheels which have secured thereto feed screws 29 mounted in the eccentric straps 20 and so located as to project into the slots 21 and engage screwthreaded limitation blocks 30 also arranged within the said slots 21, whereby upon proper manipulation of the feed screws, these blocks will be so adjusted as to limit the amount of movement of the boxes 22, whereupon the full stroke of the eccentrics may, when desired, only operate the lever 25 to a desired degree.

The operating bars 12 and. 13 each pass through suitable slots 27 formed in the auX- iliary furnace front 14 and after passing through said slots into the furnace proper are offset or bent in opposite directions from each other in order that the said bars 13 will be arranged one on each side of the levers 7, and so engage their respective levers in such manner that one bar will not interfere with the movement of the other one.

In operation, the truck 1 and its carried parts having been passed through the opening 6 in the furnace front proper, and properly positioned beneath the boiler, a fire having been started, fuel is fed into the hopper 15 and is deposited upon the rearmost grate bar and when the main driving shaft is set in motion, the grate bars are moved alternately forwardly and rearwardly and lowered and raised, by the mechanism before described, and the fuel is gradually fed forwardly in such quantities as to pro duce approximately complete combustion.

I claim l. The combination of a plurality of transversely arranged overlapping grate bars, a plurality of vertically disposed movable supports therefor, each of said supports being fulcrumed beneath said grate bars, the rear side of each grate bar being pivo-tally connected to the upper part of its respective support and the front side thereof resting on the next succeeding grate bar, and means for simultaneously rocking said supports.

2. The combination of a plurality of transversely arranged overlapping grate bars, a plurality of vertically disposed movable supports therefor, each of said supports being fulcrumed beneath said grate bars, the rear side of each grate bar being pi votally connected to. the upper part of its respective support and the front side thereof resting on the next succeeding grate bar, and means for simultaneously rocking said supports, each alternate support being rocked in the opposite direction to the other supports.

LElVIS A. MAPEL In the presence of- H. G. Coon, er. A. Soor'r.

It is hereby certified that the name of the first-mentioned assignee in Letters Patent No. 945,469, granted January 4, 1910, upon the application of Lewis A. Mapel, of St. Louis, Missouri, for an improvementin Automatic Mechanical Stokers, was erroneously Written and printed Wm. J. Tucher, Whereas the said name should have been Written and printed Wm. 1 Tucker; and that the 'said Letters Patent should be read with this correction therein that the same may conform to the reeord of the case in the Patent Office.

Signed and sealed this 8th day of February, A. D., 1910.

[SEAL] E. B. MOORE,

Commissioner of Patents.

US44872008A 1908-08-15 1908-08-15 Automatic mechanical stoker. Expired - Lifetime US945469A (en)

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US44872008A US945469A (en) 1908-08-15 1908-08-15 Automatic mechanical stoker.

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2695575A (en) * 1952-07-28 1954-11-30 Leslie F Gough Reciprocal grate for boilers and other heating units
US3038422A (en) * 1960-01-11 1962-06-12 Leslie F Gough Reciprocal grate stokers
US4170183A (en) * 1977-10-20 1979-10-09 Energy Generation, Inc. Incinerating method and apparatus having selective, controlled movement of materials during combustion
US4598651A (en) * 1984-09-21 1986-07-08 Flickinger Dale M Furnace with oscillating grate
US4789332A (en) * 1986-06-26 1988-12-06 Aluminum Company Of America Apparatus for removing volatiles from metal
US5197397A (en) * 1990-05-21 1993-03-30 Nkk Corporation Grate structure for a horizontal type incinerator

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2695575A (en) * 1952-07-28 1954-11-30 Leslie F Gough Reciprocal grate for boilers and other heating units
US3038422A (en) * 1960-01-11 1962-06-12 Leslie F Gough Reciprocal grate stokers
US4170183A (en) * 1977-10-20 1979-10-09 Energy Generation, Inc. Incinerating method and apparatus having selective, controlled movement of materials during combustion
US4598651A (en) * 1984-09-21 1986-07-08 Flickinger Dale M Furnace with oscillating grate
US4789332A (en) * 1986-06-26 1988-12-06 Aluminum Company Of America Apparatus for removing volatiles from metal
US5197397A (en) * 1990-05-21 1993-03-30 Nkk Corporation Grate structure for a horizontal type incinerator

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