US9370450B2 - Wound packing - Google Patents

Wound packing Download PDF

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US9370450B2
US9370450B2 US14328323 US201414328323A US9370450B2 US 9370450 B2 US9370450 B2 US 9370450B2 US 14328323 US14328323 US 14328323 US 201414328323 A US201414328323 A US 201414328323A US 9370450 B2 US9370450 B2 US 9370450B2
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Prior art keywords
cuts
packing material
set
wound packing
body
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US20140323998A1 (en )
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Bryan Greener
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Smith and Nephew PLC
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Smith and Nephew PLC
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M1/00Suction or pumping devices for medical purposes; Devices for carrying-off, for treatment of, or for carrying-over, body-liquids; Drainage systems
    • A61M1/008Drainage tubes; Aspiration tips
    • A61M1/0088Drainage tubes; Aspiration tips with a seal, e.g. to stick around a wound for isolating the treatment area
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/00051Accessories for dressings
    • A61F13/00068Accessories for dressings specially adapted for application or removal of fluid, e.g. irrigation or drainage of wounds, under-pressure wound-therapy
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/00987Apparatus or processes for manufacturing non-adhesive dressings or bandages
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/02Adhesive plasters or dressings
    • A61F13/0276Apparatus or processes for manufacturing adhesive dressings or bandages
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F15/00Auxiliary appliances for wound dressings; Dispensing containers for dressings or bandages
    • A61F15/001Packages or dispensers for bandages, cotton balls, drapes, dressings, gauze, gowns, sheets, sponges, swabsticks or towels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L15/00Chemical aspects of, or use of materials for, bandages, dressings or absorbent pads
    • A61L15/16Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons
    • A61L15/42Use of materials characterised by their function or physical properties
    • A61L15/425Porous materials, e.g. foams or sponges
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F2013/00089Wound bandages
    • A61F2013/00357Wound bandages implanted wound fillings or covers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/02Other than completely through work thickness
    • Y10T83/0333Scoring
    • Y10T83/0341Processes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/04Processes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/04Processes
    • Y10T83/0524Plural cutting steps

Abstract

Wound packing material, suitable for use in negative pressure wound therapy, includes a body of a porous material, the body having frangible regions defining a plurality of portions, the frangible regions allowing the portions to be selectively removed from the body. Methods of manufacturing the wound packing material, and methods of its use, are provided.

Description

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 13/201,427, filed Sep. 14, 2011, entitled WOUND PACKING, which is a U.S. National Phase of PCT International Application No. PCT/GB2010/000228, filed on Feb. 10, 2010, designating the United States and published on Aug. 19, 2010 as WO 2010/092334, which claims priority to Great Britain Patent Application No. 0902368.0, filed on Feb. 13, 2009. The disclosure of the prior applications are incorporated by reference herein in their entireties and should be considered a part of this application.

BACKGROUND OF THE DISCLOSURE

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to a porous wound packing material and methods of its manufacture and use. In particular it relates to a wound packing material which is adapted to allow it to be easily shaped and configured to the shape of a wound. Such wound packing materials are particularly suitable for negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT).

2. Background

NPWT is a relatively new treatment for open wounds. Typically in NPWT the wound cavity or surface is filled or covered with a material that allows the transmission of a partial vacuum (i.e. does not completely collapse) to the wound bed when a negative pressure is applied to the wound area, and also allows fluids to pass from the wound bed towards the source of negative pressure. There are two primary approaches to NPWT, i.e. gauze or foam types. The gauze type (also referred to as the Chariker-Jeter technique) involves the use of a drain wrapped in gauze topped by a sealed dressing. The foam type involves the use of foam placed over or in the wound. The present invention is directed primarily towards the foam type of NPWT.

In foam based NPWT the wound cavity is filled or covered with a porous foam packing material and covered over and sealed with flexible sheet (a drape) that is fairly impermeable to fluids. A tube is inserted under or through the drape into the wound site and its distal end is connected to a vacuum source (commonly a pump). The wound cavity, enclosed by the drape and tissue, contracts under the force of atmospheric pressure and compresses the packing material visibly. Gross tissue movement ceases after a few tens of seconds and fluid flow from the wound (withdrawn from the tissue) ensues. The fluid is transmitted through the packing material and up the vacuum tube to a collection receptacle positioned between the distal end of the tube and the vacuum source. The wound packing material mechanically supports the tissue to which it is applied, and also allows the free flow of fluids away from the site when a vacuum is applied, even when compressed. A good material for this application is hydrophobic, reticulated polyurethane foam of very high free internal volume.

The packing material for use in NPWT must be shaped to fit the wound to be packed. This is typically achieved by the medical practitioner (typically physician or nurse) cutting a preformed block of foam (usually a cuboid) to approximately fit the wound using a scalpel, knife or scissors. This operation can be complex, time consuming and messy for the medical practitioner, and indeed can be dangerous with the possibility of particulate foam material contaminating the wound site or of an accident during the cutting process. Accordingly, the process of shaping the wound dressing is currently an unaddressed problem in the field of NPWT which is a barrier to its effective and widespread use.

SUMMARY OF SOME EXEMPLIFYING EMBODIMENTS

According to the present invention there is provided a wound packing material comprising a body of a porous material, the body comprising frangible regions defining a plurality of portions, the frangible regions allowing the portions to be selectively removed from the body.

The term frangible is intended to mean that the material has been weakened in some manner which allows the portion to be removed relatively easily (e.g. manually) from the body without substantially damaging the remainder of the body, but where the overall structure of the body is sufficiently strong that the body remains intact during normal use, i.e. in the absence of manipulation to remove a portion. It is highly preferred that the portions can be removed manually, without the use of additional tools such as scissors, knives, scalpels etc. This allows a medical practitioner to remove portions to achieve a desired shape of the body quickly and simply without the need to use additional tools.

Preferably the frangible regions are defined by partial pre-cuts formed in the body.

Use of the term partial pre-cuts is intended to mean a region of the body where the material of the body has been removed or severed to at least partially separate a portion of the body from the rest of the body, but where sufficient material of the body has been left such that the body retains its general structural integrity, i.e. sufficient integrity for general storage, handling and use as a wound packing material. However, the remaining material is sufficiently weak (i.e. frangible) that it is relatively easily severable with manually applied force, e.g. by a medical practitioner tearing the portion from the body.

It should be noted that the term partial pre-cuts is intended to cover both situation where material is removed by cutting or otherwise removing or severing regions of a preformed body of porous material, and also where the pre-cuts are formed during initial production of the body, e.g. formed during a moulding process.

Preferably the wound packing material is a wound packing foam suitable for use in negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT). Particularly suitable foams for NPWT include polyurethane foam, typically reticulated polyurethane foam of very high free internal volume, e.g. 80% or higher, preferably 90% or higher free internal volume. Typical foams used in NPWT have porosities in the range 30-60 ppi (pores per inch) and pore diameters in the range 300-800 μm. However, other suitable foams are known in the art and may be equally suitable. In general suitable foams have an open porous structure, to allow transmission of the negative pressure to the wound bed, and sufficient mechanical strength to prevent the negative pressure (typically approximately 80-125 mm Hg below ambient atmospheric pressure) from substantially collapsing the structure of the foam.

It is highly preferred that the wound packing material is sterile. This can be achieved using conventional sterilisation techniques which are known for sterilising surgical foams and dressings.

It will be clear to the person skilled in the art that size and shape of the selectively removable portions will be determined by the number of frangible regions provided per unit volume of the body, and the number of different orientations and configurations that the frangible regions are provided in.

As mentioned above, the frangible regions are preferably defined by partial pre-cuts within the body—the following description will focus on embodiments whereby the frangible regions are formed in this way, but it will be understood that frangible regions could be formed in other manners (e.g. selectively weakening the foam structure at selected regions using chemically agents or heat) and that such variants are within the scope of the present invention.

It is preferred that the partial pre-cuts are generally planar. In particular, flat planar partial pre-cuts are preferred as they provide for regularly shaped portions. However, it is perfectly possible that the planes could be curved where a curved profile on an exposed region of the body following removal of the portions is preferred. Suitably the body comprises a first set of substantially parallel planar partial pre-cuts in first orientation. The set may comprise a plurality of planar pre-cuts, each planar pre-cut comprising a series of individual pre-cuts, each individual pre-cut being spaced from the adjacent pre-cut by a gap. The individual pre-cuts are aligned with the plane defined by the planar parallel partial pre-cut. Preferably the parallel planar partial pre-cuts of the set are regularly spaced. Where one set of parallel planar partial pre-cuts is provided in a single orientation it will be apparent that the removable portions defined by the set of planar partial pre-cuts will be slices of the body; each slice is removable from the next slice as a result of the planar parallel partial pre-cut between them.

It is preferred that the spacing between each of the parallel planar pre-cuts in the set is 30 mm or less, preferably 25 mm or less, especially 20 mm or less, and optionally 15 mm or less. The size of the portions are defined by the spacing between the parallel planar pre-cuts in the set—in this case the slices would have a thickness corresponding to the spacing between each plane.

The partial pre-cuts sever a substantial amount of the material in the plane being cut, leaving one or more relatively narrow pieces of material attaching the portion to the body (i.e. a gap), the relatively narrow piece of material thus forming the frangible region. It is desirable that the partial pre-cuts define a repeating pattern of severed regions with intervening frangible regions, i.e. perforation. It is preferred that the severed regions have a width of from 10 mm to 30 mm, preferably from 15 mm to 25 mm, and optionally from 16 to 22 mm, especially around 18 mm, and that the remaining frangible regions have a width of from 1 mm to 5 mm, preferably 1 to 3 mm, especially around 2 mm.

In another way of considering the spacing and size of the individual partial pre-cuts, typically the ratio of length of severed material to remaining material will be around 3 to 1 or higher (e.g. 15 mm severed and 5 mm remaining, or a ratio equivalent thereof), preferably 6 to 1 or higher (e.g. 18 mm severed and 3 mm remaining, or a ratio equivalent thereof), especially 9 to 1 or higher (e.g. 18 mm severed and 2 mm remaining, or a ratio equivalent thereof).

In a particularly preferred embodiment the pre-cut severs from 15 to 19 mm and leaves a frangible region of from 1 to 5 mm, preferably 17 to 19 mm and leaves a frangible region of from 1 to 3 mm, and especially approximately 18 mm leaving a frangible region of approximately 2 mm width.

Conveniently such a cut can be made using a die cutting apparatus comprising an array of a set of parallel planar blades, the set comprising a plurality of series of blades arranged in a plane, each blade having a width corresponding to the width of the region to be severed, and a spacing between the adjacent blades within a series corresponding to the width of the frangible region. The spacing between each planar series of blades defines the thickness of the frangible portion.

Thus in a preferred embodiment of the invention, the wound packing material comprises partial pre-cuts formed by die-cutting. Alternative methods of forming the partial pre-cuts such as laser cutting or high pressure fluid cutting might be used as alternatives to die-cutting.

It is preferred that the body comprises a second set of parallel planar partial pre-cuts in a second orientation. Again, it is preferred that the partial pre-cuts are regularly spaced, and the dimensions set out above in relation to the first set of partial parallel planar pre-cuts are equally applicable to the second set.

The second set of partial pre-cuts may also be made by die cutting.

The second set may suitably provided at a second orientation which is substantially perpendicular to the first orientation, i.e. where the first second sets of pre-cuts intersect, it will be substantially at a right angle. The pre-cuts of the first and second sets could thus be said to lie on nominal X and Y planes respectively.

It will be apparent that where two sets of pre-cuts are provided, the selectively removable portions will typically be smaller than where one set of partial pre-cuts is provided, i.e. the second set will sub-divide the portions formed by the first set. Thus it could be said that the body has a higher volumetric resolution in that it is split into finer units.

Generally the shape of portion provided when a first and second set of partial pre-cuts is used will be substantially a cuboid, the width and breadth of which is defined by the spacing of the planes in each of the partial pre-cuts, the length being defined by the relative dimension of the body in a nominal Z plane. This applies for flat planar pre-cuts; where non-flat planar cuts are provided, such regular shapes will not be provided.

It is preferred that the body comprises a third set of parallel planar partial pre-cuts in a third orientation. Again, it is preferred that the pre-cuts are regularly spaced, and the dimensions set out above in relation to the first and second sets of partial pre-cuts are equally applicable to the third set.

The third set may suitably be provided at a third orientation which is substantially perpendicular to both the first and second set of pre-cuts. Thus it could be said that the third set of pre-cuts lies on the Z plane, relative to the X and Y planes of the first and second sets respectively. Where three such sets are provided, the resultant selectively removable portions will be generally cuboids. Where the spacing between the planar partial pre-cuts are the same in each of the three sets, the resultant selectively removable portions will be substantially cubic.

It is of course possible to provide more than three sets of partial pre-cuts, and vary the angles between the pre-cuts to increase resolution and provide for a greater control over the shape and size of the selectively removable portions. However, where more than three sets are provided, the engineering difficulties in terms of physically forming the pre-cuts and also in retaining the general structural integrity of the body become considerable. In fact, even providing three sets of cuts in the X, Y and Z planes (i.e. a 3D pre-cut body) is somewhat difficult to achieve, and it is a significant aspect of the present invention that this has made possible.

As mentioned above, the spacing of the parallel planar partial pre-cuts, in particular the spacing between each pre-cut plane, dictates the size and shape of the selectively removable portions. A spacing of 20 mm, for example, in all 3 sets of a 3D pre-cut body provides for portions which are cubes of approximately 20 mm in each dimension. This allows a medical practitioner to remove cube shaped portions of foam to shape the body to the desired shape for wound packing, and to achieve a fit to the shape of the wound to within 20 mm. Alternatively, blocks of 20×20×10 mm may be a suitable shape allowing increased resolution one dimension, but retaining a relatively manageable number of portions. It is, of course, generally desirable to allow the medical practitioner to shape the body of wound packing material as closely as possible to the desired shape for wound packing, but this must be balanced against the need for ease of manufacture and simplicity of handling. It has been found that such a balance can be achieved using dimensions of from 10 to 20 mm for the removable portions.

It should be pointed out that in certain instances it may be sufficient to have the ability to remove portions to achieve a far less precise shape of body of wound packing material. In such situations a body comprising three sets of pre-cuts may not be required, and a body comprising one or two sets of parallel planar partial pre-cuts may provide sufficient scope for customisation of shape.

However, it is an objective of the present invention to provide a wound packing material which is highly customisable, and that a body comprising three or more sets of parallel planar partial pre-cuts is generally preferred.

Accordingly, in a particularly preferred embodiment the present invention provides a wound packing material comprising a body of a porous material, the body comprising frangible regions defining a plurality of selectively removable cuboidal portions, the frangible regions being defined by partial pre-cuts provided in the body of the body.

Preferably the body is entirely comprised of selectively removable cuboidal portions interconnected by frangible regions, each of the edges of the cuboids being 5 to 30 mm, preferably from 10 to 24 mm, especially from 10 to 20 mm.

More preferably the cuboidal portions are cubic and have an edge length of from 5 to 30 mm, preferably from 10 to 24 mm, especially from 10 to 20 mm.

Suitably the body is generally cuboidal in shape, prior to the removal of any selectively removable portions. The body may suitably be a cube, or it may be a rectangular cuboid or square cuboid. Various shapes of body may be useful for different wound shapes and sizes. Typically NPWT foam is provided as a rectangular cuboid of approximate dimensions 200×100×30 mm, and this is a suitable shape for the body of the present invention. For such a shape and size, portions of approximately 20×20×10 mm are very suitable to allow customisation of shape.

In a further aspect the present invention provides a method of manufacture of a wound packing material, the method comprising the steps of:

    • providing a body of a porous wound packing material;
    • forming at least one partial pre-cut in a first orientation in said body, said at least one partial pre-cut severing regions of the body to leave frangible regions of the body, the frangible regions allowing the portions to be selectively removed from the body.

Preferably the at least one partial pre-cut is a parallel planar partial pre-cut.

Preferably the at least one partial pre-cut is formed by die cutting.

The die cutting may involve providing at least one blade and pushing said blade through the body to cut a region of the body and leave at least one frangible region.

It is preferred that the die cutting involves providing a plurality of blades in a suitable arrangement to provide desired partial pre-cuts and frangible regions. Dimensions and other details of the partial pre-cuts are set out above.

Suitably the blades have a length great enough to pass completely through the body. It should be noted that the body may be compressed as it is cut, and therefore the blades need only be long enough to pass completely through the body as it is compressed in the cutting process. Alternatively the blades may be shorter where it is not desirable to cut all the way through the body, or where cuts from two sides will be made to cut completely through the body; in the latter case the blades will generally have a length of approximately half of the relevant dimension of the compressed body to be cut.

The blades may suitably be arranged as an array of a set of parallel planar flat blades, the set comprising a plurality of series of individual flat blades arranged in a plane, each individual flat blade having a width corresponding to the width of the region to be severed, and a gap between the individual flat blades corresponding to the width of the frangible region. Suitable details of the blades are set out above.

Suitably the method involves the step of forming a second partial pre-cut in a second orientation, especially a second set of partial pre-cuts as discussed above. Preferably the second orientation is perpendicular to the first orientation. Preferably the second partial pre-cut is a parallel planar partial pre-cut.

Suitably the method involves the step of forming a third partial pre-cut in a third orientation, especially a third set of partial pre-cuts as discussed above. Preferably the third orientation is perpendicular to the first and second orientations. Preferably the third partial pre-cut is a parallel partial planar pre-cut.

Thus the method may involve providing three partial pre-cuts in nominal X, Y and Z planes. Suitably the X, Y and Z planes are congruent with the faces of the body, where the body is a cuboid.

Suitably the method involves forming partial pre-cuts to define a plurality of regularly shaped and sized cuboidal portions interconnected by frangible regions. Suitably the entire body is formed of selectively removable cuboidal portions. Suitably the cuboidal portions are cubes.

In certain embodiments two or more sets of pre-cuts can be made simultaneously. This can be suitably carried out using a single array of blades comprising two sets of blades in two orientations, e.g. an array of cruciform blades.

Where there is a risk of excessive distortion to the body during the cutting process it is useful to support the foam structure during the cutting process.

In a further aspect of the present invention there is provided a method of preparing a wound packing material comprising the steps of:

    • providing a wound packing material as set out above; and
    • removing portions of the body of said would packing material such that the body is a desirable shape.

Preferably the body is shaped to approximately fit the shape of a wound to be packed.

Preferably the portions are removed manually, i.e. without the use of tools.

In a further aspect the present invention provides a method of treating a wound comprising the steps of;

    • providing a wound packing material as set out above;
    • removing portions of the body of said would packing material such that the body is a desirable shape to fit within said wound; and
    • packing the wound with said wound packing material.

Preferably the method provides the step of applying a negative pressure to the wound through the wound packing material, i.e. the method is NPWT. In general this can be achieved by providing a substantially fluid impermeable sheet over the wound and wound dressing, thus defining a sealed volume, and applying a negative pressure inside said sealed volume. The seal need not be completely hermetic, but should be sufficient to allow a suitable negative pressure to be sustained. The source of negative pressure, e.g. a pipe form a vacuum pump, is provided at a position such that it draws fluids from the wound bed through the wound packing material.

Suitably the negative pressure is in the range of from 80 to 125 mm Hg below ambient atmospheric pressure.

In a further aspect the present invention provides the use of a wound packing material as set out above in wound treatment, especially NPWT.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Embodiments of the present invention will now be described, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 shows a body of porous wound packing material after being pre-cut in the x, y and z dimensions;

FIG. 2 schematically shows the set of pre-cuts in the x and y dimension;

FIG. 3 schematically shows the sets of pre-cuts in the z dimension;

FIG. 4 shows a body with a single portion removed;

FIG. 5 shows the body of FIG. 4 with a plurality of portions removed;

FIG. 6 shows a first array of a set of blades suitable for forming a partial pre-cut in a first orientation in a body of wound packing material; and

FIG. 7 shows a second array of sets of blades suitable for making second and third sets of partial pre-cuts in a body of wound packing material in second and third orientations;

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF SOME EXEMPLIFYING EMBODIMENTS

As shown in FIG. 1, a body 10 of porous material, such as foam, is generally a cube in shape having three dimensions, x, y and z. The porous material is suitable for wound packing. The material may be reticulated polyurethane foam of very high free internal volume. The body 10 could be a different shape, e.g. a comparatively flat cuboid, which is a conventional shape for foams for NPWT.

As shown in FIG. 2, the body 10 is partially pre-cut by a suitable cutting technique, such as die cutting (though other techniques may be useable), in the planes in the x and y dimensions to define a first and second set of parallel planar partial pre-cuts 14, 16. The body 10 is also partially pre-cut in the z dimension to define a third set of parallel planar partial pre-cut 18. The three sets of partial pre-cuts 14, 16, 18 define individual cubic portions 12 of approximately equal volume.

The three sets of partial pre-cuts 14, 16, 18 are intermittent, the gaps in the pre-cuts defining frangible regions 20 on each internal face of each portion 12 (in other words they are perforated for easy removal of the portions). The frangible regions 20 connect adjacent portions 12 together thereby to ensure the portions 12 remain connected together when the body 10 is stored, compressed or extended, i.e. when being used as a wound packing in NPWT.

The frangible regions 20 extend between face sides of each portion 12 and are elongate. The thickness of each frangible region 20 is suitable to provide adequate strength to ensure adjacent portions 12 remain connected when the body 10 is being compressed or extended during normal use, whilst allowing one or more portions 12 to be easily pulled from the body 10 by compromising the integrity of the frangible regions 20 attaching the portion 12 to the body. For typical NPWT foams, a frangible region of approximately 2 mm of thickness provides a good compromise of strength versus tearability.

One or more portions 12 can be selectively removed by hand from the body 10 to shape the body 10 for a particular wound packing application. Advantageously, cutting tools such as knives, scalpels and scissors are not required to shape the body 10 of porous material.

As shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, the body 10 is a cube of volume 448000 mm3, which is pre-cut in the x, y and z dimensions to define 448 (i.e. 7×8×8) equally sized 1000 mm3 portions 12 (i.e. 10×10×10 mm). Adjacent portions 12 are connected by a frangible portion 20 of 2 mm thick porous material (not shown).

The frangible regions 20 ensure the body 10 retains its structural integrity for storage and handling purposes whilst allowing one or more portions 12 to be selectively removed therefrom. FIG. 4 shows a single portion 12 removed from the body 10 to leave a hole 22, whilst FIG. 5 shows a plurality of portions 12 removed from the body 10 to selectively shape the body 10 for a particular application of wound packing. The body 10 may be shaped to complement the external contours of a patient or to fit in a cavity.

Of course, the dimensions of the body 10 and the portions 12 may be different to those described above for a particular application and the number and orientation of partial pre-cuts lines 14, 16, 18 may be varied and may be planar or curved to define regular or irregular portions 12 accordingly.

To form a wound packing material similar to the above the following general process may be used. The present process describes a process for converting a single cuboid block of foam into 6 cuboidal wound packing material bodies. The block is initially approximately 200 mm by 100 mm by 180 mm and is cut into 6 blocks of 200 mm by 100 mm by 30 mm. It will be apparent that variations of this method could be used to manufacture wound packing materials of a great variety of different shapes and sizes, and having varying portion size and shapes.

    • A body of porous material is provided which has the dimensions set out above.
    • A first set of parallel planar partial pre-cuts is made in the body using an array of blades 30. The pre-cuts are made perpendicular to, and into, a first face of the body
    • The array (FIG. 6) comprises a number of planes 31 made up of a series of 18 mm wide flat blades 32, and a 9 mm blade 33 at each end of the plane; a gap 34 of 2 mm is provided between each blade in the series.
    • The first set of partial pre-cuts is achieved by placing the block of foam against the array of blades 30 and urging the blades into and through the block. The pressure required may be generated by a hydraulic press (also known as a clicker press). This is a conventional form of die cutting and the necessary apparatus and techniques are well known to one skilled in the art.
    • Second and third sets of partial pre-cuts are made using a second array 40 of blades (see FIG. 7). In the second array a plurality of cruciform blades 42 are provided. Due to the shape and arrangement of the blades 42, the array is suitable to make two sets of parallel planar partial pre-cuts in two orientations, which are perpendicular to each other. Thus, in one cutting action, two sets of parallel planar partial pre-cuts are made. Each cruciform blade 42 comprises two 18 mm long linear blade elements 44,46 intercepting at each of their midpoints at a right angle to define the cruciform blade.
    • The cruciform blades are arranged in the array to form a square matrix with gaps 48 of 2 mm provided between each cruciform blade.
    • As with the first cut, the second cut is made by applying pressure to drive the blades 42 through the body.
    • The length of the blades in the first and second array are sufficient to pass completely through the body and emerge at the other side.

This process forms 6 cuboids of foam measuring 200 mm×100 mm×30 mm, which are each formed of cuboids measuring approximately 20 mm×20 mm×10 mm, each of the cuboid portions being interconnected with adjacent portions by frangible regions of approximately 2 mm thickness.

It should be noted that where a generally cubic body of foam is being prepared the order of the cuts is not particularly significant as the cube is equally structurally stable in all 3 dimensions. However, when preparing a body with a relatively thin minor dimension, as set out in the method above, it is important that the first cut made is the one perpendicular to the plane of the thin dimension (i.e. the smallest face of the cuboid), or that the shape of the block is supported as the cut is made. If the order is reversed, or the block shape is not supported, there is generally an unacceptable amount of crushing and/or corrugation of the body resulting in a significant distortion to the desired cut geometry.

The result of this process is a wound packing material which can be custom shaped by manually removing cuboid portions by tearing the frangible regions interconnecting the portions making up the body. This allows a medical practitioner to shape the body of wound packing material to fit the wound to be packed or dressed. Once the wound packing material has been shaped appropriately, the wound can be dressed for NPWT.

Claims (25)

What is claimed is:
1. A wound packing material comprising a body of a porous material, the body comprising:
frangible regions defining a plurality of selectively removable portions, the frangible regions allowing the selectively removable portions to be selectively removed from the body;
wherein each selectively removable portion of the plurality of selectively removable portions is connected to a first adjacent selectively removable portion via one or more frangible regions located in a first plane, to a second adjacent selectively removable portion via one or more frangible regions located in a second plane substantially perpendicular to the first plane, and to a third adjacent selectively removable portion via one or more frangible regions located in a third plane substantially perpendicular to both the first plane and to the second plane, and wherein the first plane, the second plane and the third plane are substantially parallel to each other for every selectively removable portion of the plurality of selectively removable portions; and
wherein the body comprises a first set of substantially parallel planar partial pre-cuts in a first orientation and a second set of substantially parallel planar partial pre-cuts in a second orientation.
2. The wound packing material of claim 1 wherein the selectively removable portions can be removed manually.
3. The wound packing material of claim 2 wherein the frangible regions are defined by partial pre-cuts formed in the body.
4. The wound packing material of claim 1 wherein the first plane, the second plane and the third plane for each selectively removable portion of the plurality of selectively removable portions are flat planes.
5. The wound packing material of claim 1 wherein the first set of substantially parallel planar partial pre-cuts comprises a plurality of planar pre-cuts spaced from one another by a spacing, each planar pre-cut comprising a series of individual pre-cuts, each individual pre-cut being spaced from the adjacent pre-cut by a gap.
6. The wound packing material of claim 5 wherein the planar pre-cuts of the first set are regularly spaced.
7. The wound packing material of claim 6 wherein the spacing between the planar pre-cuts in the first set is 30 mm or less.
8. The wound packing material of claim 7 wherein the first and second sets of substantially parallel planar partial pre-cuts define a repeating pattern of severed regions with intervening frangible regions.
9. The wound packing material of claim 1 wherein each frangible region has a length of from 1 to 5 mm.
10. The wound packing material of claim 1 wherein the second set of substantially parallel planar partial pre-cuts is provided at a second orientation which is substantially perpendicular to the first orientation.
11. The wound packing material of claim 10 wherein the body comprises a third set of substantially parallel planar partial pre-cuts in a third orientation.
12. The wound packing material of claim 11 wherein the third set of substantially parallel planar partial pre-cuts is provided at a third orientation which is substantially perpendicular to both the first and second set of substantially parallel planar partial pre-cuts.
13. The wound packing material of claim 1 wherein the frangible regions define a plurality of selectively removable cuboidal portions.
14. The wound packing material of claim 1 wherein the body is entirely comprised of selectively removable cuboidal portions interconnected by frangible regions.
15. The wound packing material of claim 14 wherein the cuboidal portions are cubic and have an edge length of from 5 to 30 mm.
16. The wound packing material of claim 1 wherein one or more of the first plane, the second plane and the third plane for each selectively removable portion of the plurality of selectively removable portions is curved.
17. A wound packing material comprising:
a body of a porous material;
a first set of partial pre-cuts having a first orientation, each partial pre-cut of the first set extending completely across the body along a first direction;
a second set of partial pre-cuts having a second orientation, each partial pre-cut of the second set extending completely across the body along a second direction, the second direction being substantially perpendicular to the first direction; and
a third set of partial pre-cuts having a third orientation, each partial pre-cut of the third set extending completely across the body along the second direction.
18. The wound packing material of claim 17, wherein the first set of partial pre-cuts comprises a plurality of substantially parallel planar partial pre-cuts.
19. The wound packing material of claim 17, wherein the second set of partial pre-cuts comprises a plurality of substantially parallel planar partial pre-cuts.
20. The wound packing material of claim 17, wherein the third set of partial pre-cuts comprises a plurality of substantially parallel planar partial pre-cuts.
21. The wound packing material of claim 17, wherein the second orientation of the second set of partial pre-cuts is perpendicular to the third orientation of the third set of partial pre-cuts.
22. The wound packing material of claim 21, wherein the partial pre-cuts of the second set of partial pre-cuts intersects with the partial pre-cuts of the third set of partial pre-cuts.
23. The wound packing material of claim 17, wherein at least one of the first orientation, the second orientation and the third orientation is curved.
24. The wound packing material of claim 17, wherein the body of porous material is cuboid in shape.
25. The wound packing material of claim 17, wherein the body of porous material comprises a single cuboid block of foam.
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