US936041A - Window-guard. - Google Patents

Window-guard. Download PDF


Publication number
US936041A US43423908A US1908434239A US936041A US 936041 A US936041 A US 936041A US 43423908 A US43423908 A US 43423908A US 1908434239 A US1908434239 A US 1908434239A US 936041 A US936041 A US 936041A
United States
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Felix J Rush
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HOME SPECIALTY Manufacturing Co
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    • E06B9/00Screening or protective devices for wall or similar openings, with or without operating or securing mechanisms; Closures of similar construction
    • E06B9/01Grilles fixed to walls, doors, or windows; Grilles moving with doors or windows; Walls formed as grilles, e.g. claustra


Patented Oct. 5,1909.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Oct. 5, 1909.
Application filed May 22, 1908. Serial No. 434,239.
To all whom it may concern: y
Be it known that I, FELIX J. RUSH, a citij' zen of the United States, residing' in New York, county of New York, and State of! New York, have invented a new and useful I Improvement in lVindow-Guards, of which j the following' is a description.
This invention relates to window guards, i and has special reference to devices of the character stated, which are capable of being' lifted or turned from one side to the other l of the window. y
Among the objects of my invention may be noted the following: to provide a simple, cheap and effective window guard which can be readily placed in position and to provide a strong' and substantial window guard which can be quickly turned to the outside of the window and as quickly turned l inside the window, so that the latter can be closed with the guard inside; and to provide ,l a window guard which, while turning' freely from one position to another, can be held firmly in either adjusted position by an automatic catch.
With the above objects in view, and others j which will be detailed during the course of this description, my invention consists in the parts, features, elements and combinations of elements hereinafter described and claimed.
In order that my invention may be clearly understood, I have provided a sheet of drawings, wherein:
Figure l is a front elevation of a portion of a window frame showing my guard in position, the figure being divided centrally to indicate the curtailment of the view for l he purposes of this application; Fig. .2 is a vertical section on the line 2`2, of Fig. l, I looking in the direction of the arrows and showing a dotted and full line position; l Fig'. is a horizontal section on the line' 3-3, of Fig'. l, lookingin the direction of the arrows and sho-wing a dotted and full line position; Fig. l is an enlarged detail l showing the automatically operating catch for holding' the guard in position; and Fig'. l 5 is a front elevation showing the journalbracket and catch in one piece and the manner in which the journal is held in its support. i
Referring' to the drawings, the numeral l indicates the window framing, and Q, the windowsill thereof, 3 being' the usual'moldl l ing or strip set around the inside of the framing against and on the out-side of which the window-sash slides, the showing' of these parts being merel f illustra-tive and not intended to disclose well-known details of con- The window-guard consists of a substantially rectangular frame, the upper The frame of the guard, at its opposite ends, is bent so as to produce the portions 6 extending at a right-angle to the body of the guard, the end bars 5 being the terminals of these angularly arranged portions, the guard-frame, as a whole, thus having a substantially U form. The frame portions a and 5 are made preferably of stiff, but elastic and tempered metal, or other elastic material, so that the angularly disposed ends, well as the frame, a whole, may have considerable flexibility' or spring whereby the guard may be sprung into place between the sides of the window-frame and so that the tension of said material will hold the guard firmly in position within the window-frame. Substantially midway of their length, each of said bars 5, has secured to it a U-shaped support, f 'om the center of which extends a trunnion, the body S of or rectangular in cross-section, its end to provide a head 9.
rlhe form of the trunnion is given for a purpose presently described, and the head of the trunnion is received in a journalbracket l0 secured to the adjacent portion of the molding or strip 3, said bracket being provided w of heads of the trunnions thus holding the guard properly journaled between the sides of the frame l, and the shape of the trunnions preventing said guard from being removed when in operative position, but permitting' the said guard to be lifted vertically from the journal-bracket, when turned half round, as will be readily understood.
At a suitable distance below the journalsupport of the guard, the molding or strip 3 is provided with a fastener having a vertical body-portion 13 and a horizontally eXtending portion 14, the latter at its outer end being recessed so as to provide two stopwalls l5 at opposite sides et the bar 5 bel 5 tween which, and in the recess of the said horizontal portion 14C, the said bar 5 is received and held.
ln order that the bar 5 may readily pass the stop-walls l5, each, on its outer end, is curved or beveled, as at 16, so that, as the guard is turned and pushed against the catch, the end portions 5 of the guard will tlex or spring and slide by one or the other end et the beveled or curved walls 16 and snap or expand into position in the recess between the stop-walls l5, as clearly shown in Fig. a. The distance that the catch is placed below the trunnion-braclret 10 is of no moment, the only object being to place a catch which will operate automatically to catch and hold the guard, as it is swung around; and it is quite obvious that said catch may be located above the trunnionsupport or bracket, and that the latter and the catch may be parts, integral or otherwise, of a single piece of metal, as shown in Fig. ythe body of the frame or guard may be nade of woven wire, wire-mesh, or lattice work oi any suitable description indicated by 1T, or it may be of some solid material in contradistinction to :toraminous material, as will be readily understood upon reference to the iigures otl the drawings;` but, an important essential that the frame must be elastic and resilient in whole or in part, so as to be capable of performing its functions.
Frein the above description, it will be readily understood that it is only necessary to lift the guard into horizontal position over the truunion-brackets, so that the trunnions S may be dropped with their heads into the sockets l2, the end portions of the guard being iii-st tiered toward each other to permit the guard to pass between the side portions of the window-trame, the expansion of said side-portions thus holding the lguard iirmly in either adjusted position,
shown by t'ull and dotted lines in Figs. 2 and 3, but at the same time permitting said guard to be turned and lifted from one position or another on its trunnions. TV hen in place, if on the inside of the window, as rshown in full lines in Fig. 3, it is desired to close the window without removing the guard, it is only necessary to slightly compress the lower ends of the bars se as to release them from the ppesite and then swing the guard on its` trunnions to the dottled-line position, Fig. 3, in which said guard will be again automatically caught it swings around in the catches.
An important feature ot' my invention resides in the iiexible ends ot' the guard, or the elasticity of the guard as a whole, which enables it to be readily withdrawn from the catches so as vto turn and remove it from the window. This becomes important in case oi iire should the fireman hook the body of the guard; that is to say, by hooking and pulling upon the guard-body any point between its ends the length of the guard will be shortened and the` end-bars 5 will be drawn from the catches, thus enabling the guard to be easily removed from the window.
Having thus described l claim and desire to secure ent is:
l. .er window guard comprising a frame having angularly disposed end-portions composed oii elastic material, in combination with journals or supports for the same at opposite sides thereof, and a catch having means which, in conjunction with the said elastic end-portions, operates to automatically tasten the guard in position.
2. A window guard comprising a rectangular frame, the end-portions of which are elastic and are set at an angle thereto, in combination with trunnion-supports, and trunnions carried by t-he end-portions of said frame, whereby catches,
my invention, what by Letters Patthe elasticity ot said end-portions permits the iframe to be sprung into position between the journal-supports. 3. window guard composed of a trame having elastic end-portions, and trunnions carried by said end-portions, in combination with trunnion-supports, anda catch having means which, in conjunction with the elastic end-portions, operates to automatically tasten the guard in either of two opposite positions. ln testimony whereof l have hereunto signed my name in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
Witnesses FLORENCE A'rnN Ivns, M. Hnnsnovrrz.
US43423908A 1908-05-22 1908-05-22 Window-guard. Expired - Lifetime US936041A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5443110A (en) * 1993-09-17 1995-08-22 Plott, Sr.; John F. Protective device for window openings
US5487237A (en) * 1994-08-02 1996-01-30 Martin, Jr.; Bill Security device for buildings

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5443110A (en) * 1993-09-17 1995-08-22 Plott, Sr.; John F. Protective device for window openings
US5487237A (en) * 1994-08-02 1996-01-30 Martin, Jr.; Bill Security device for buildings

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