US931542A - Electromagnet-coil construction. - Google Patents

Electromagnet-coil construction. Download PDF

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Publication number
US931542A
US931542A US46323608A US1908463236A US931542A US 931542 A US931542 A US 931542A US 46323608 A US46323608 A US 46323608A US 1908463236 A US1908463236 A US 1908463236A US 931542 A US931542 A US 931542A
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United States
Prior art keywords
coil
wire
winding
electromagnet
turns
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Expired - Lifetime
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US46323608A
Inventor
Maurice J Wohl
Harry Hertzberg
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HARRY HERTZBEG
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HARRY HERTZBEG
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Priority to US46323608A priority Critical patent/US931542A/en
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Publication of US931542A publication Critical patent/US931542A/en
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01FMAGNETS; INDUCTANCES; TRANSFORMERS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR MAGNETIC PROPERTIES
    • H01F27/00Details of transformers or inductances, in general
    • H01F27/28Coils; Windings; Conductive connections
    • H01F27/32Insulating of coils, windings, or parts thereof
    • H01F27/323Insulation between winding turns, between winding layers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49002Electrical device making
    • Y10T29/4902Electromagnet, transformer or inductor
    • Y10T29/49071Electromagnet, transformer or inductor by winding or coiling

Description

M. J. WOHL & H. HERTZBERG. ELEGTEOMAGNET COIL CONSTRUCTION.

APPLICATION FILED NOV. 18, 1908.

93 1 ,542. Patented Aug. 17, 1909.

W/T/VESSES INVENTORS QXWQMQXWQ I M jay/1M ATTORNEY UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

MAURICE J. WOHL, OF NEW YORK,'AND HARRY HERTZBERG, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, ASSIGNORS TO ABBOT A. LOW, OF HORSESHOE, NEW YORK, MAURICE J. WOHL, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., AND HARRY HERTZBERG, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, TRUSTEES.

ELECTBOMAGNET-COIL CONSTRUCTION.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Aug. 17, 1909.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that we, MAURICE J. VVOHL and HARRY Hnn'rznnnc, citizens of the United States, and residents, respectively of the city of New York, borough of Manhattan, county and State of New York, and of the city of New York, borough of Brooklyn, county of Kings, and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Electromagnet-Coil Construction, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to electromagnet coil construction and has for its object the provision of means for insulating the turns of wire from one another in such a manner that the insulation will not be destroyed by the heat generated in the coil by the passage of the current therethrough or otherwise.

The object of the invention is to avoid the difiiculty experienced in electromagnet coils in which the ordinary insulated wire is used or the insulation being destroyed when the coil is excessively heated.

A further object of the invention is to simplify and cheapen the coil construction by employing bare wire instead of the usual insulated wire.

In its general nature this invention is similar to the invention described in our co-pending a plication Ser. No. 463235, but differs there rom in several important features, which will be described more fully hereinafter.

1n the drawing accompanying this specification like parts in the several views have been given the same reference numbers.

Figure 1 is a side elevation, partially in section, showing the several layers of wire in position. F1g. 2 is an enlar ed view of a portion of the coil, similar to ig. 1, showing the coil after the same has been in use. Fig. 3 shows the composite insulating strip. Fig. dis a view of a portion of the winding.

ispool upon which the elect-romagnet coil is wound is shown at 1. This spool may be of any approved construction and upon the same is wound successive turns of the conductor for the operating current, preferably of copper wire, as shown at 2. Coiled about the turns of the conducting winding are successive turns of an insulator. This insulator is shown in the drawing at 3 and is preferably formed by winding turns of bare aluminum wire about the turns of the conducting wire 2. The aluminum wire oxidizes readily when exposed to the air, especially if some moisture is present, and the oxidation is accelerated when the wire is heated. This forms an insulating coating of oxid for the aluminum wire having sufiicient insulating properties to insulate the turns of the conductlng wire 2 from one another.

It is understood in electromagnet coil construction for any ordinary purposes the difference in potential or drop between two successive turns of the coil is very small and it has been found by actual tests that a coil wound with bare copper wire for the conducting winding and having wound thereabout turns of bare aluminum wire with a coating of oxid, as described, will operate successfully and will possess the very desirable property of being able to withstand excessive heating caused by an unusual amount of. current or from other sources without breaking down. In fact the effect of the heating, as already explained, is to accelerate and increase the formation of the insulating coating of oxid. \Vhere the coil is composed of a plurality of layers of wind ing, these layers may be insulated from one another by inter-posing between the same a strip of insulating material. This is preferably a composite strip comprising a central layer of mica and outer layers of a combustible material, such as paper or cloth. Such a strip is shown in Fi 3. The mica forms a good insulator, but 1s so brittle that it is practically impossible to wind or place the same in position upon the successive layers of wire but by using a composite strip constructed as described, this 1s easily accomplished as the strip may be readily wound upon the successive layer of wire, as shown in the drawings. A further advantage obtained by using a composite insulating strip such as described is that when the coil becomes heated the outer layers being of combustible material burn away leaving the layer of mica in lace. This provides an additional space wliich permits the turns of the winding to become separated somewhat, thus increasing the insulating elfect.

Fig. 1 shows a coil such as described before use and Fig. 2 shows the same coil after the same has been used and heated, and the combustible layers burned away from the strip between the layers of the winding, the effect bein' of course, somewhat exaggerated in or er to show. the separation of the turns of the winding, etc., in the drawing.

It will be understood that the foregoing description and drawing are intended to show a preferred embodiment of the invention for the urpose of illustrating the same and the insu ator or insulating winding has been described as aluminum wire which is oxidized on its surface. In some cases other forms of an insulating casing, such as a tube of aluminum or other readily oxidizable material having insulating properties, may be employed with the same eifect- It is not to be understood, however, that the invention is limited in this respect to any particular material or to the particular form of coil or winding shown and described, as it will be evident that many changes may be made in the details of construction without departing from the scope of the invention.

What we claim is:

1. An electromagnet coil wound with turns of copper wire and aluminum wire coiled about the copper wire.

I 2. An electromagnet coil wound with turns of copper wire andv wire coated with an insulating oxid coiled about the copper wire.

3. An electromagnet coil comprising a plurality of layers, each layer having successive turns of a conducting winding positioned within an insulating winding, and a composite strip located between said layers oomprisinggvcentral layer of insulating material and outer layers of combustible material.

4. The method of making an electromagnet coil which consists in winding a plurality of layers, eachlayer having successive turns of a conducting winding positioned within an insulating winding, and successively winding upon said layers a com osite strip comprising a central layer of insu ating material and outer layers of combustible material.

Signed at Brooklyn, N. Y. city, in the county of Kings and State of New York, this 16th day 0 November, 1908.

MAURICE J. WOHL. HARRY HERTZBERG. Witnesses:

A. LAURENT, Geo. WELLING GIDDINGS.

US46323608A 1908-11-18 1908-11-18 Electromagnet-coil construction. Expired - Lifetime US931542A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2727945A (en) * 1951-01-31 1955-12-20 Lignes Telegraph Telephon High frequency magnetic elements and telecommunication circuits
US20090295531A1 (en) * 2008-05-28 2009-12-03 Arturo Silva Optimized litz wire

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2727945A (en) * 1951-01-31 1955-12-20 Lignes Telegraph Telephon High frequency magnetic elements and telecommunication circuits
US20090295531A1 (en) * 2008-05-28 2009-12-03 Arturo Silva Optimized litz wire
US8975523B2 (en) * 2008-05-28 2015-03-10 Flextronics Ap, Llc Optimized litz wire

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