US903300A - Tile. - Google Patents

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Publication number
US903300A
US903300A US40147307A US1907401473A US903300A US 903300 A US903300 A US 903300A US 40147307 A US40147307 A US 40147307A US 1907401473 A US1907401473 A US 1907401473A US 903300 A US903300 A US 903300A
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Prior art keywords
tiles
tile
recesses
edge
cement
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Expired - Lifetime
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US40147307A
Inventor
Frederick N Marvick
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Frederick N Marvick
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Priority to US40147307A priority Critical patent/US903300A/en
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Publication of US903300A publication Critical patent/US903300A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements

Description

F. N. MARVICK.

TILE.

APPLICATION FILED NOV. 9, 1907,

903,300. Patented Nov. 10, 1908.

FIG. 1.

Inventor:

by ohm FREDERICK N. MARVIOK, OF MIAMI, FLORIDA.

TILE

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Nov. 10, 1908.

Application filed November 9, 1907. Serial No. 01,473.

To all whom 'it may concern:

Be it known that I, FREDERICK N. MAR- vIoK, a citizen of the United States, residing at Miami, in the count of Dade and State of Florida, have invente certain new and useful Improvements in Tiles; and I do hereby declare the followin to be a full, clear, and exact description oi the same, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.

This invention relates to tiles, more particularly to tiles for use in roofing and flooring, although the same may be used for many other purposes, and the objects of the invention are to improve the construction of such tiles, to insure good adhesion of the tiles to the surface on which they are laid, and to facilitate the filling of the spaces between adjacent tiles, so as to insure good joints.

Further objects of the invention are to secure lightness and strength with great durability and simplicity of form.

To the accomphshment of these objects and such others as may hereinafter appear, the invention comprises the novel construction and combination of parts hereinafter described and particularly pointed out in the claims, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming a part thereof, and in which 1 Figure 1 is a perspective view of a tile constructed according to my invention; Fig. 2 is an end view of a series of tiles laced end to end; Fig. 3 shows a top view 0 sucha series oftiles; Fig. 4 is a detail sectional view of a modified form of tile.

Referring to the drawings, A represents a tile made of burnt cla vitreous material, or wood or other suitab e material. Said tile may be of various forms permitting the la ing of tiles close together, the partlcular t' e shown being s uare. The outer edges of the tile A are beve ed as shown at B, both from above and from below, so as to form a rib O which is preferably situated about midway of the edges of the tile. The tiles are referably laid edge to edge, as shown in igs. 2 and 3, adjacent rows of such tiles being also edge to edge as customary. The beveled portions B are preferably curved, although the may be straight. I find that curved sur aces give the best adhesion. To facilitate the Introduction of cement or bindin material, the edges of the ribs are provide with recesses D, the said recesses of adjacent which iquid binding or connecting material may be )oured. The corners of the tile are prefer-ab y rounded. Through the top of the tile are provided counter-sunk holes E for the insertion of screws or nails to hold the tile in position, although these holes may be dispensed with as the cement is usually sufficient to hold the tiles in osition without the use of nails or screws. 0 facilitate bedding the tiles, and for other reasons, the tiles are preferably provided on-their under sides with concave recesses F. Of course either side of the tile may be uppermost; but preferably said concavely-curved side is placed down.

The floor or roof upon which the tiles are placed is first preferably coated with a layer of cement or other suitable binder, such as pine-tar or asphaltum or other suitable material, such for example as the elastic glue sometimes used for closing the joints in ships decks; and the tiles are preferably dipped or coated on one side at least, with pine-tar or asphaltum or other liquid binder. The ribs are then laid edge to edge on the prepared surface, as shown in Figs. 2 and 3, and pinetar or asphaltum or other binder, such as the elastic glue above mentioned, is poured into the joints through recesses D. When such cement or glue sets it holds the tiles firmly in place, the portion of the cement in the grooves abovethe ribs 0 being united to the cement beneath said ribs through the openings formed by the recesses D, so that the tiles are positively locked in place. The same is true with respect to the openings due to the rounded corners of the tiles. Pine-tar, if used for coating the tiles, or otherwise used as a cement or binder, should be boiled.

What I claim is 1. A tile for the purpose described comprising a body portion having reduced projections on its sides with recesses extending transversely the full Width of said projections, such recesses adapted to register with recesses of corresponding tiles to form openings through which a binder may be poured. 2. A tile for the purpose described, comprising under side and having tapering projections on its sides provided with recesses extending transversely the full width of said projections.

.3. A tile for the purpose described, comprising a body portion tiles re ,istcrin'g-and forming openings through 4 a body portion having a recess on its aving a recess on its underside and having tapering projections .on its sides provided with recesses extending.

transversely the full width of said projections, the under surface of said projections being coneavely curved. v s

4'.*A vtiled surface comprising a'plurality of tiles set edge to ed e, said tiles having along their ad acent ed ges tapering projecverse a binder 1 5, ti led surface comprising a plurality of tiles set edge edge, the said edges on the tiles tapering from above and from below, fonning grooves to receive binding material, said tiles having in said es whlch extend transversely the which bindmg ma terial maybe poured and bind ng material within said grooves and opemngs locking the tiles inplace.

In testimony whereof I afiix my signature, 3

in the presence of twowitnes'ses;

\ 1 FREDERICK N.-MARVIOK. Q Witnesses: r 1. v

:Jomr C. Gagmnme,

E. GRAHAM.

width'o Y the tapering edgesforming openin'gs through

US40147307A 1907-11-09 1907-11-09 Tile. Expired - Lifetime US903300A (en)

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US40147307A US903300A (en) 1907-11-09 1907-11-09 Tile.

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US40147307A US903300A (en) 1907-11-09 1907-11-09 Tile.

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US40147307A Expired - Lifetime US903300A (en) 1907-11-09 1907-11-09 Tile.

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2755882A (en) * 1952-04-22 1956-07-24 Maccaferri Mario Acoustic tiles
US2904990A (en) * 1957-10-04 1959-09-22 Us Ceramic Tile Company Ceramic tile
US3096621A (en) * 1959-01-20 1963-07-09 Grenobloise Etude Appl Artificial blocks for the protection of hydraulic structures
US5352396A (en) * 1989-08-31 1994-10-04 Zaragueta Juan J L Method of fabricating ceramic tile
US5471806A (en) * 1994-09-29 1995-12-05 Rokhlin; Zinoviy A. Construction panel with plurality of cells
US20080047212A1 (en) * 2006-08-25 2008-02-28 Huber Engineered Woods Llc Self-Spacing Wood Composite Panels

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2755882A (en) * 1952-04-22 1956-07-24 Maccaferri Mario Acoustic tiles
US2904990A (en) * 1957-10-04 1959-09-22 Us Ceramic Tile Company Ceramic tile
US3096621A (en) * 1959-01-20 1963-07-09 Grenobloise Etude Appl Artificial blocks for the protection of hydraulic structures
US5352396A (en) * 1989-08-31 1994-10-04 Zaragueta Juan J L Method of fabricating ceramic tile
US5471806A (en) * 1994-09-29 1995-12-05 Rokhlin; Zinoviy A. Construction panel with plurality of cells
US20080047212A1 (en) * 2006-08-25 2008-02-28 Huber Engineered Woods Llc Self-Spacing Wood Composite Panels
US8065851B2 (en) * 2006-08-25 2011-11-29 Huber Engineered Woods Llc Self-spacing wood composite panels

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