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Metallurgical apparatus.

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US898415A
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tank
water
material
solution
apparatus
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William A Merralls
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William A Merralls
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F3/00Mixing, e.g. dispersing, emulsifying, according to the phases to be mixed
    • B01F3/04Mixing, e.g. dispersing, emulsifying, according to the phases to be mixed gases or vapours with liquids
    • B01F3/04099Introducing a gas or vapour into a liquid medium, e.g. producing aerated liquids
    • B01F3/0473Surface aerating, e.g. by cascading, spraying or projecting a liquid into a gaseous atmosphere
    • B01F3/04765Surface aerating, e.g. by cascading, spraying or projecting a liquid into a gaseous atmosphere with stirrers near to the liquid surface, e.g. partially immersed, for spraying the liquid in the gas or for sucking gas into the liquid, e.g. using stirrers rotating around a horizontal axis or using centrifugal force

Description

PATENTED SEPT. 8,71908'. W. A. MERRALLS.

METALLURGIUAL APPARMUS. APPLIATION FILED DBO. 18, 1906. RENBWED JULY 29, 1908.

W-ILLIAM A. MERRALLS, OF SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA.

METALLURGICAL APPARATUS.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Sept. 8, 1908.

Application filed December 18, 1906, Serial No. 348,492. Renewed July 29, 1908. Serial No. 445,928.

To all whom it may concern):

Be it known that l, WILLIAM A. MER- RALLs, a citizen of the United States, residing at San Francisco, in the county of San Francisco and State of California, have invented new and useful Improvements in Metallurgical Apparatus, of which the following is a specification.

The object of this invention is to provide an improved apparatus for metallurgical pur.- poses, and particularly for the treatment of ores with cyanid solutions. the apparatus the cyaniding can be effected more expeditiously than heretofore and with greater economy, both in original cost and in operating expense. l

In the accompanying drawing, the figure is a vertical section of' a 'preferred form of apparatus embodying the invention.- t Referring to the drawing, 1 indicates a tank, in which the several steps of the process are performed. Said tank is made sufficiently strong to withstand considerable intei-nal pressure, and for this pur ose the top 2 of the tankis secured to the ottom 3 by means of suitably arranged stay-bolts 4.

The wall of the tank is also encompassed with strong bands 5.

The material to be treated is admitted through an inlet 6 in the top of thc tank, and may flow out at the top by an outlet 7 therein.

8 is a discharge opening in the wall through which the refuse can be discharged. The material to be treated 'ma be the tailings from a stamp or othermill, the liquid portion being only the Water used in the operation ofpulverizing the material in the mill or the ore may be pulverized dry and introduced into'the tank, and water may be added; or lime solution may be added for sweetening an acid ore; or cyanid solution may beladded; or it may be the material alread treated with the cyanid solution in the mil when pulverizing. In the first cases, when plain water or lime solution only is used, a sufficient quantity of the water and pulp is first allowed to pass into the tank by the inlet 6 and out by theoutlet 7 until the pul is sufficiently concentrated therein for a ciarge, andthe openings 6, 7, are then closed. The water must now be expelled from the tank. Y

The solid material will naturally tend to settle with a surface slo ing downwards from the inlet opening, and should now be'stirred.

By the use of For this purpose, an agitator is used, preferably in the form of a propeller 9 on a vertical the hub of said bevel gear having a circular p late or flange 21, which, on the'side o posite to the bevel pinion 15 is held down y a roller 22. By this construction the ropeller 9 1s given a rotary motion within tilde tank, stirring up the pul and distributing it uniformly therethrough The material in the tank is now in the proper condition for the expulsion of the water. The bottom of the tank is formed with a filter of any form commonly used in cyaniding, the form here shown consisting of cloth 23 interposed between upper and lower wooden screens 24, resting upon beams 49 having' grooves 50 in the lower edge. Some of the water will have already escaped through said filter. To force the water through the filter,` compressedair' is now admitted in the top of the tank by a pipe 25. The expulsive action of the air is greatly assisted by the agitation of the pulp by the rotating propeller, and the propeller is caused to descend in the tank Vwith the level of the waterthercin so as to continue the agitation of the layer of sand and the slimes left by the expelled water. To provide for this descent of the propeller, the top of the shaft 10 has secured thereto a disk 26 on which rests a plate 27 of phosphor bronze on whichis a plate 28 of steel, upon which rests another plate 29 of phosphor bronze, upon which rests a disk 3() secured to a piston rod 31, around which is a collar 32 of iron with a lower faein of phosphor bronze. The lower disk 26 an the upper collar 32 are secured together by means of a suitable number of U-clamps 33, With this construction, the propeller shaft 1'0 can rotate freely, and at the saine time move vertically with the piston rod, which itself does not rotate. Said rod 31 is secured to a piston 34, which reciprocates in a cylinder 85 supported by posts 36. Said piston may be operated in either direction by any pressure fluid passed through pipes 37 controlled by a four way valve 48. In order to prevent the piston 34 rotating,

its rod is continued upwards into a tubular guide 38 secured upon the top of the cylinder, said rod havinghgrooves 89 engaged by feathers 40. The p osphor bronze plates are for the purpose ofpermitting the propeller shaft to. rotate without undue friction, notwithstanding that the piston rod itself does not rotate.

By the admission of the pressure fluid into the cylinder 35, the propeller can be raised or lowered while in rotation,y and consequently can be applied to the pulp, as the -water descends, to disperse the` same and permit the permeation of the liquidy therethrough to allow lit to escape through the filtering material. The propeller, rotating at alhigh speed, in one direction produces a owerful suction towards the center at the ottom of the tank, creating a very rapid vortex motion of the Water, which thus very qllliickly takes up in suspension the whole of t e solid matter in the tank. If rotated in the opposite'direction, the suction is at the top of the tank and the water and solid matter are drivenvoutwards at the bottom, but the same vortex effect is produced., By this ymeans the slimes and other solid material are prevented from unduly packing, While the compressed air powerfully depresses the water and forces it out through the iilterlng material, the water passin through an outsteps would not be necessary. The water,

or lime solution, as the case may be, having been expelled from the tank and only the solid material containing the values now remaining therein, the cyanid solution is admitted to the tank through a ipe 41, whereupon the tank having been led, or nearly filled with the solution, and the pipe 41 havin been closed, the first ste is to effect the 1 so ution of the gold. For t 's purpose the propeller is set in motion, and this motion is continued until the whole of the contents of the tank are in thorough agitation, and uniformly dispersed throu hout the interior of the tank, and fora sucient length of time to permit the cyanid solution to thoroughly act u on and dissolve the gold.

W en the gold has been completely dissolved, it is then necessary to expel the solution from the tank. For this purpose comressed air is a ain admitted into t e tank in fiks manner as efore, and the pressure of the air on the top of the solution forces the soluessere tion through the filtering material, and out through the pipe 45. By maintaining the propeller in operation simultaneously with the admission of compressed air the slimes are not allowed to settle, and thus clog up the filtering material, and the expulsion of the solution through the filtering material is thus rendered comparatively easy. The solution thus expelled is conducted to the zinc boxes or other like devices and treated in the ordinary manner as now practiced in cyaniding to recover the gold therefrom;

When all of the solution has been expelled and thoroughly washed, water being added for that purpose, either by gravity or under pressure, the residual cake of solid material must be removed from the tank, which may be done either by hand, or by hydraulicing it out with water.l Or a sufficient quantity of water may be turned into the tank, the propeller started, and the solid material thereby dispersed and suspended in the water in the same manner as it was in the cyanid solution, and may be run out of the tank through the outlet 8.'

42 indicates sight-holes through which the interior of the tank may be inspected, the

inner surfaces of the glass windows therein` being washed by water from a conduit 43. Electric lamps 44 are also provided to illuminate the interior of 'the tank. A pressure gage 46 indicates the pressure in the tank.

While only the specific metal, gold, is referred to in the specification, this is for the sake of brevity and clearness only,l and it is to be understood that the apparatus herein disclosed 'and claimed can be used, for the recovery of all metals for which cyaniding is, or can, be practiced.

. I claim 1. Metallurgical apparatus comprising a closed tank, a filter in the lower ortion thereof, a liquid outlet beneath said ter, a mechanical agitator in said tank, sources of supply for pulp, solutions and compressed air, connections bet veen said sources of supply and the upper portion of said tank, and means for closing said connections.

2. Metallurgical apparatus comprisin` a closed tank, a filter in the lower portion thereof, protecting means for the upper surface of said filter, a liquid outlet beneath said filter, a mechanical agitator in said tank,

sources of supply for pulp, solutions and' compressed alr, connections between said sources of sup ly and the upper portion of said tank, an means for closing said connections. v.

3. Metallurgical apparatus comprising a closed tank, a filter in the lower portion thereof, a liquid outlet beneath said filter, a rotatable agitator vertically adjustable in said tank, sources of supply for pulp, solutions and compressed air, connections between said sources of supply and the upper portion of said` tank, and' means for closing sai'd connections.

4. Metallurgical apparatus comprising a closed tank, a filter in4 the lower portion thereof, protecting means for theupper surface of said filter, a liquid outlet beneath said `ilter, a mechanical agitator in said' tank, sources of 'supply forA pulp, solutions and compressed air, connections between said sources of supply and the upper portions of sald tank, means for closing sald connectlons,

myhand in the presence of two subscribing wltncsses.

WILLIAM AMERRALLS.

Witnesses f FRANCIS M. WRIGHT, D. B. RrcHARDs.

US898415A 1908-07-29 1908-07-29 Metallurgical apparatus. Expired - Lifetime US898415A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2521121A (en) * 1943-09-29 1950-09-05 Kilpatrick Martin Dispersion separation
US3059243A (en) * 1960-10-25 1962-10-23 Amcodyne Corp Tank construction

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2521121A (en) * 1943-09-29 1950-09-05 Kilpatrick Martin Dispersion separation
US3059243A (en) * 1960-10-25 1962-10-23 Amcodyne Corp Tank construction

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