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Vise.

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US898413A
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US
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Prior art keywords
pressure
cylinder
vise
chamber
end
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Expired - Lifetime
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William A Merralls
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William A Merralls
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/08Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated

Description

PATENTED SEPT. 8, 1908.

W. A. MERRALLS.

VISE.

FILE

INVENTQR} ATTORNEY.

WITNESSES: 4%. /M/? 74.

PATENTED SEPT. 8, 1908.

W. A. MERRALLS.

VISE.

APPLIGATION'IILED OOT.3, 1907.

2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

W N M WITNESSES INVENTOR,

A TTORNE Y.

, at present tion;

-another person to screw it u to hold it in its WILLIAM A. MERRALLS, OF SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA.

VISE

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Sept. 8, 1908.

Application filed. October a, 1907. Serial No. 395,719.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, WILLIAM A. MER- nALLs, a citizen of the United States, residmg at San Francisco, in the county of San Francisco and State of California, have invented new and useful Improvements in X1868, of which the following is a specifica- This invention relates to worksho vises, for benches, lathes, or the like, the ohject of the lnvention being to provide an appliance of this character, which shall always be open and ready for use, and which shall be more convenient and rapid in operation and durable in use than vises heretofore employed.

In using a workshop vise of the character generally constructed, the workman first screws 0 en the vise to a suflicient distance to insert t e piece of metal to be operated upon, he then inserts the metal piece and then, while holding it in place, he screws up again the vise to clamp the piece therein' I saidiece 1s too heavy to hold with one' hand, t e operator has to screw u the vise with his knee, or to obtain the assistance 'of while he is holdmg And even when t e piece can be held m one hand, it is a troublesome matter proper position while clam mg wlth the other. Again, considerable tnnels thus wasted in unscrewing and screwlng up again the vise. Also, in time the vise glves-trouble on account of the screw wearing oose.

The object of the present invention is to provlde a vise free from the above objections. In the accompanying drawing, Figure 1.is

a perspective view showing the vise in opera- 1g. 2 is a lan view; Fig. 3 is a longi-v tudmal section; ig. 4 is a cross section on the hne 4-4 of Fig. 3; Fig. 5 is a cross section on i the line 55 ofFig. 3; Fig. 6 is an enlarged sectional view of the three way valve.

Referring to the drawing, 1 indicates the mam castin or body of the vise, comprising an outer .wah 2 which may be of any suitable contour, an inner wall 3, the inner surface of which is accurately cylindrical, a central verinner wall with the bottom of the outer wall, and walls 6 and 5 formin with the vertical wall 4, two conduits 7, 8,Ieading to o p'osite ends of the cylinder. The inner an outer Walls 2, 3, and the partition 4 thus form three chambers, a cylindrical chamber 9, a high pressure chamber 10 on one side of the vertitical partition 4 connecting the bottom of the cal partition 4, and a low pressure chamber 11 on the other side thereof. All of these chambers are closed at the rear by a cover plate or head 12 suitably secured to the main ody of the vise. The chamber 10 is connected with the cylindrical chamber 9 at one end of said cylinder by the conduit 7 and the chamber 11 is connected with the other end of the cylinder by the conduit 8, both of said conduits opening into their respective chambers 10, 11, near the bottom thereof. Through a stufling boX 13 at the outer end of the cylinder slides the rod 14 of a piston 15, and the outer end of said rod is attached to a slidable jaw 16, which and a fixed jaw 17 constitute the jaws of the vise. The movable jaw 16 slides upon a bracket or outward extension 18 from the body of the apparatus, and can be clamped at any desired position by means of a drop handle nut 19 upon a screw 20 secured to the movable jaw and sliding in a slot 21 in said bracket. 7

v The chamber 10, which communicates with the end of the cylinder nearest to the jaws of the vise, is connected with a source of su ply of high pressure fluid, this connection heing made by means of a pipe 22, and similarly the other chamber 11, whicl is connected to the rear or farthest end of the cylinder, is connected by means of a pipe 23,

having a pressure gage 24 therein, with a ipe 25 leading to the pipe 22, and controlled hy means of a valve 26. A three way valve 27 controls the pipe 22 and connects the chamber 10 either with the pressure fluid or with exhaust, as desired. The valve 27 is operated by means of a lever 28 and a rod 29,

connected with a balanced foot lever 30, so

that by pressure upon one or the other end of said lever 30 the valve can be turned to one of the two positions, opening the chamber 10 to pressure or exhaust, as desired. Oil is placed in each of the chambers 10, 11, of sufficient quantity that, when the iston is at its farthestdistance from the con uit leading to either pressure chamber, so that the whole of the'intervening portion of the cylinder is filled with oil, there is still suflicient oil at the bottom of said chamber to cover the bottom of said conduit, so that air or other pressure fluid cannot escape into the cylinder from said conduit. In the high pressure chamber 10, the pressure is such that by means of the piston suflicient pressure will be given to the movable aw towards the fixed jaw to properly hold an object in the device, while the when the pressure in the high pressure chamber has been withdrawn.

The mode of operation of the device isthe movable aw is extended outwards as far" as possible, there being at that time no ressure in the high pressure chamber an the pressure in the low pressure chamber being suflicient as indicated by the gage to move the movable jaw outwards by the back pressure on the piston. When an operator wishes to clamp an object between said jaws, by means ofthe foot lever 30 he turns the valve 27 to connect the high pressure chamber 10 with the pipe 22. Through the oil in the high pressure chamber force is thereby imparted to the face of the piston next to the movable jaw to move sa1d piston inwards, clamping the object in the vise. The oil rises from the chamber 10 by the conduit 7 to the cylinder and fills the outer end of the cylinder at the same time that the oil flows out from the other end of said cylinder through the conduit 8 intothe low pressure chamber 11. When the o erator desires to release the object clampe he reverses the valve 27, which shuts ofl the high pressure fluid and opens the chamber 10 to exhaust, reducing the pressure therein to atmospheric pressure, whereupon the pressure in the low pressure chamber causes the piston to again move outwards. The gage 24 enables a constant low pressure to be maintained in the low pressure chamber, for if at any time said pressure should fall below a pre-determined magnitude, pressure fluid can be admitted thereinto by means of the valve 26 to raise the pressure in the low pressure chamber to said magnitude.

I claimz- 1. A vise comprising jaws, a cylinder, a piston for said cylinder, a piston rod connected therewith and also with one of the aws, means for admitting pressure fluid into an end of the cylinder to move said latter aw toward the other to clamp an object in the vise, or to the other end of the cylinder to' move said jaw in the reverse direction to release said object, and a foot lever operatively connected to said means and arranged to be moved by a downward pressure into one position to admit said fluid into one end of the cylinder, and to be so moved into another position to admit it into the other end thereof, substantially as described.

i 2. A vise comprising jaws, a cylinder, a piston in said cylinder, a piston rod connected therewith, and also with one of said jaws, a three-way valve arranged in one position to ermit pressure fluid into an end of said cyllnder to move said jaw, and in another position to permit the escape of said fluid from said end, and a foot lever operatively con- .nected with saidlvalve, substantially as de' scribed.

3. A vise com rising jaws, a cylinder, a piston for saidcy mder, a iston rod connected therewith and also wit one of said jaws, a valve for admitting pressure fluid into an end of said cylinder to move said jaw, and a foot lever operatively connected to said valve, and arranged to be moved by a downward pressure of the foot thereon into a position to open said valve and admit said fluid into said end, and also to be moved by a downward pressure of the foot into another position to close said valve and permit said uid to escape from said end, substantially as described.

4. A vise com rising jaws, a cylinder, a piston for said cy inder, a piston rod connected therewith and also with one of said jaws, a three-way valve for admitting pressure fluid .into an end cylinder to move said jaw, and a foot lever operatively connected to said valve, and arranged to be moved by a downward pressure of the foot thereon into a position to open said valve and admit said fluid into'saidend, and also to be moved by a downward pressure of the foot into another position to close said valve and permit said uid to escape from said end, substantially as described.

5. In a vise, the combination of jaws, a cylinder, a piston in said cylinder, a iston rod connected with said iston and a so to one of said jaws, high and ow pressure chambers, means for connecting the high pressure chamber with high pressure fluid, and conduits leading to opposite ends of the cylinder from the respective chambers, substantially as described.

6. In a vise, the combination of jaws, a cylinder, a piston in said cylinder, a iston rod connected with said iston and a so to one of said jaws, high and ow pressure chambers, means for connecting the high pressure chamber with high pressure fluid, conduits leading to opposite ends of the cylinder from the respective chambers, means .for controlling sa1d conduits, andfa foot lever operatively connected with said controlling means, and arranged to be moved by a downward pressure into one position to open one of sa1d conduits and close the other, and to be so moved into another position to close the first conduit and open the second, substantially as described.

7. In a vise, the combination of jaws, a-

piston and operatively con-- 8. In a vise, the combination of jaws, a In testimony whereof I have hereunto set cylinder, a piston therein, a iston rod conmy hand in the presence of two subscribing 10 neoted thereprithdand also Wlth 0mg of said Witnesses. jaws, means or a mittin ressure uid into 5 said cylinder, and ,auxi a i y means for ad- WILLIAM MERRALLS justably holding said latter j aw at any point Witnesses: desired of its movement, substantially as de- FRANCIS M. WRIGHT, scribed. D. B. RICHARDS.

US898413A 1907-10-03 1907-10-03 Vise. Expired - Lifetime US898413A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2552304A (en) * 1946-01-09 1951-05-08 Jr Charles K Arter Fluid power actuated hand clamp
US2663339A (en) * 1950-05-17 1953-12-22 Cleveland Universal Jig Compan Fluid operated clamping device with lubricant atomizing means
US4873902A (en) * 1986-04-11 1989-10-17 Krieg Adrian H Railroad rail cold saw

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2552304A (en) * 1946-01-09 1951-05-08 Jr Charles K Arter Fluid power actuated hand clamp
US2663339A (en) * 1950-05-17 1953-12-22 Cleveland Universal Jig Compan Fluid operated clamping device with lubricant atomizing means
US4873902A (en) * 1986-04-11 1989-10-17 Krieg Adrian H Railroad rail cold saw

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