US886347A - Governing mechanism for pneumatic piano or organ players. - Google Patents

Governing mechanism for pneumatic piano or organ players. Download PDF

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Publication number
US886347A
US886347A US1905241544A US886347A US 886347 A US886347 A US 886347A US 1905241544 A US1905241544 A US 1905241544A US 886347 A US886347 A US 886347A
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Prior art keywords
governing
air
pneumatic
motor
bellows
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Joseph H Chase
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CHASE AND BAKER Co
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CHASE AND BAKER Co
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Priority to US1905241544 priority Critical patent/US886347A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60TVEHICLE BRAKE CONTROL SYSTEMS OR PARTS THEREOF; BRAKE CONTROL SYSTEMS OR PARTS THEREOF, IN GENERAL; ARRANGEMENT OF BRAKING ELEMENTS ON VEHICLES IN GENERAL; PORTABLE DEVICES FOR PREVENTING UNWANTED MOVEMENT OF VEHICLES; VEHICLE MODIFICATIONS TO FACILITATE COOLING OF BRAKES
    • B60T13/00Transmitting braking action from initiating means to ultimate brake actuator with power assistance or drive; Brake systems incorporating such transmitting means, e.g. air-pressure brake systems
    • B60T13/10Transmitting braking action from initiating means to ultimate brake actuator with power assistance or drive; Brake systems incorporating such transmitting means, e.g. air-pressure brake systems with fluid assistance, drive, or release
    • B60T13/24Transmitting braking action from initiating means to ultimate brake actuator with power assistance or drive; Brake systems incorporating such transmitting means, e.g. air-pressure brake systems with fluid assistance, drive, or release the fluid being gaseous
    • B60T13/46Vacuum systems
    • B60T13/52Vacuum systems indirect, i.e. vacuum booster units
    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10FAUTOMATIC MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
    • G10F1/00Automatic musical instruments
    • G10F1/02Pianofortes with keyboard
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • Y10T137/7781With separate connected fluid reactor surface
    • Y10T137/7793With opening bias [e.g., pressure regulator]

Description

' No. 886,347. PATENTED MAY 5, 1908.
J! HI GOVERNING MECHANISM FOR PNEUMATIC PIANO OR ORGAN PLAYERS.
APPLICATION FILED JAN. 18,1905.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
No. 886,347. PATENTED MAY 5, 1908.
. J. H. CHASE. GOVERNING MECHANISM FOR PNEUMATIC PIANO OR ORGAN PLAYERS.
APPLICATION FILED JANIN, 1905.
2 SHEETS-SHEBT 2.
UNITED STATES PATENT onnron.
JOSEPH H. CHASE, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR TO CHASE AND BAKER COMPANY, OF BUFFALO, NEW YORK, A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK.
GOVERNING MECHANISM FOR PNEUMATIC PIANO OR ORGAN PLAYERS.
To all whom it m (03 concern:
Be it known that I, JosEPH H. CnAsE, a citizen of the United States of America, and resident of Chicago, Cook county, Illinois, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Governing Mechanism for Pneumatic Piano or Organ Players, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to piano or organ players,that is to say, players of that wellknown character in which pneumatic de vices are employed for actuating the fingers which press the keys of the piano or organ, and which said fingers are operated in accordance with the character of the perforations in a sheet or long stri of perforated music, as it is commonly ca led. In an instrument of this character, it is obvious that the pneumatic apparatus for actuating the fingers, and for driving the rolls upon which the perforated music is mounted, must be given an even and uniform motion; and it is particularly desired that the pneumatic motor employed for operating the music rolls be caused to operate at a uniform speed. For this reason, governors of various kinds and descriptions are employed for controlling the pneumatic apparatus; and my present invention contemplates an improved governor or speed controlling arrangement for piano or organ players of the foregoing general character.
Generally stated, the object of my inven- -tion is to effectively govern the action and speed of the pneumatic apparatus without the necessity of employing either auxiliary valves or levers in the windways or channels, or elsewhere, for this purpose, and to simply make use of the under or inner side of the movable board of the exhaust bellows, or other windway, as a means for acting on a raised block, or other similar device, in which is an opening for the passage of the air exhausted from the apparatus, the said movable board thereby serving as the valve, and without any intervening devices or mechanism whatever.
It is also an object, of course, to provide certain details and features of improvement tending to increase the general efficiency and serviceability of a governing-arrangement of this particular character.
To the foregoing and other useful ends, my invention consists in matters as hereinafter set forth and claimed.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed January 18, 1905.
Patented May 5, 1908.
Serial No. 241,544.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a vertical section of a governing-arrangement embodying the principles of my inventlon. Fig. 2 is a view of the outer surface of the movable wall of the exhausting bellows or apparatus. Fig. 3 is a face view of the raised block within the collapsible air-chamber, and which serves as a valve-seat.
It will be readily understood that the general construction of the player may be of any suitable known or approved character. In Fig. 1, the motor A, for example, may be of any known or suitable character. As will be readily understood, this motor is operated by exhausting the air from it in the usual Wellknown manner. The air exhausted from said motor is conducted downwardly through a flue or windway B, and thence to the air exhausting apparatus C. It will be observed that the said air exhausting apparatus comprises an exhaust bellows 0 having communication with a collapsible exhaust or air chamber 0 and it will also be seen that the air from the motor is exhausted into this col- 'lapsible chamber by way of the passages c and 0 The passage 0, by way of which the air is exhausted from the chamber 0 is formed partly in a block or raised member 0 secured to the inner or stationary bellows board 0 The outer end or surface 0 of the said block is adapted, as will hereinafter more fully appear, to serve as a valve-seat. As shown, the movable wall 0 of the said collapsible air-chamber is provided with a large central openin c", which is covered by a paddedcover or c osure 0 The padding may be secured by applying felt or other material to the inner surface of the said closure 0 A properly tensioned spring c is introduced between a lug c carried by the movable Walls 0 and the wall 0 The tension of this spring can be regulated in such manner that its power or strength is sufiicient to expand the air chamber 0 unless the exhaust action is so violent, or of such a character, as to permit the external or atmos heric pressure to collapse such chamber. WVh e the exhaust apparatus or bellows c is being operated, the air ows downwardly from the motor through the passage 0 and c and thenceinto the collapsible air chamber 0 and if the exhaust action is sufficiently strong, this chamber 0 then collapses. When the padded .board or cover 0 engages the flat outer surface 0 of the block 0 the passage 0 is thereby closed, and
the air cannot then continue to flow from the chamber 0 into the bellows c. In this way, the movable board 0 acts as a governing valve or cut-off for regulating the exhaust action, and for preserving a uniform speed on the part of the said motor; it being obvious that as soon as the exhaust action becomes too strong, and of a character to probably run the motor faster than is necessary or de sirable, the exhausting apparatus is automatically cut off or disconnected, so to speak, from the motor. Immediately upon the entrance of more or less air into the chamber 0 from the motor, however, and before the motor materially reduces its speed, the valve arrangement, consisting of the movable board 0 and the valve-seat 0 is automatically opened, and the motor is again in communication with the exhaust apparatus; In this way, the'movable board of the collapsible air chamber serves, as stated, as the valve for automatically opening and closing communication between the motor and the exhaust apparatus. Furthermore, this desired governing action will, as it will be seen, be obtained without the use of any auxiliary valves or levers in the windways or channels or elsewhere; and in this way, the desired governing action is obtained with a comparatively simple, yet effective, construction and arrangement. The block 0" having its face adapted to serve as a valve-seat, is preferably made removable for convenience in fitting and adjusting, as the proper incline of its outer face is not always accurately deter mined before assembling; and it can always be refitted afterwards if necessary. As explained, the-tension of the spring 0 can be front wall hinged below. As shown, the
valved passages X communicate with the passage 0, and the valved passages Y on the back board of the bellows c communicate with the atmosphere. lowsc is collapsed, the air is exhausted there from into the atmosphere, and then when it is expanded, the air is exhausted or drawn from the bellows 0 into the bellows c.
What I claim as my invention is:
In a device of the class specified, the combination of a governor bellows, a removable block of wood within said bellows, an outlet passage leading through said block, an extended fiat surface surrounding saidpassage on the face of the block, a padded cover carried by the movable wall of the bellows adapted to directly seat on said flat surface to close said assage, and an inlet passage for said belows.
Signed by me this 18th day of Jan. 1905.
JOSEPH H. CHASE. Witnesses;
WHITNEY E. BUNDY, F. R. WYOKOFF.
Thus, when the bel-
US1905241544 1905-01-18 1905-01-18 Governing mechanism for pneumatic piano or organ players. Expired - Lifetime US886347A (en)

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