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US878254A - Golf-ball. - Google Patents

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Publication number
US878254A
US878254A US1906334123A US878254A US 878254 A US878254 A US 878254A US 1906334123 A US1906334123 A US 1906334123A US 878254 A US878254 A US 878254A
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Prior art keywords
cavities
surface
ball
depth
golf
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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William Taylor
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William Taylor
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B37/00Solid balls; Rigid hollow balls; Marbles
    • A63B37/0003Golf balls
    • A63B37/0004Surface depressions or protrusions

Description

No. 878,254. PATENTED FEB. 4, 1908. W. TAYLOR.

GOLF BALL.

APPLI CATION'IILED SEPT.11.1906.

\ walls confined to the immediate neighbon UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

GOLF-BALL.

No. events.

Specification of Letters B atant.

Patented Feb. 4, 1908.

Application filed September 11,1906. Serial No. 334.123.

To all whom it may concern:

Be. it known that 1, WILLIAM TAYLOR, a subject of the King ofGreat Britain, residing at 57 Sparkenhoe street, Ize'icester, in the county of Leicester, England, engineer, have invented certain new and useful Irn rovements in Golf-Balls, of whichthe fol owing is a specification.

This invention relates to balls such as are used in the game of golf and hasfor its principal object to obtain better results in the flight of the ball in the direction of a sustained hanging flight giving a fiat trajectory with a'slight rising tendency particularly towards the end of the flight, than havebeen possible with balls of known types. Formerly the most common marking for such balls consisted of numerous grooves of even width intersectin each other and leaving between them iso ated polygonal portions of the spherical surface of the ball, and it has been proposed to invert this marking so that the spherical surface-of the ball consists of numerous ridges intersecting each other and inclosing isolated polygonal cavities. Another common marking consists in forming the surface with numerous separate prominenccs resembling those upon the sur face of a blackberry and named on this account the bramble pattern. The character of the marking which constitutes the present invention may be described in general terms as an inverted bramble pattern, and consists ofisolated cavities the essential features of which are. that they must be substantially circular in plan and substan tially evenly distributed, they must be shallow, and their sides, particularly at the lip of the cavity, must he steep. Stcepness of the cavity walls is essential to the hanging flight, but excessive depth besides )romoting the collection of dirt, is detrimental to length of flight by offering great resistance to the passage of the air. Consequently the cavity must be shallow and the steepness of its hood of the lip. These features are described and illustrated in'the accompanying drawings, in which Figure l is an elevation and Fig. 2 a central section of a solid ball the surface of which is marked in the im rovcd manner,

' it being understood that tie invention is equally applicable to the cored type of ball.

Figs. 3, 4 and 5 are enlar ed detail views illustrating various forms 0 cavities.

The section of the cell which is exemplified may be of the form of a sha low inverted truncated cone (Fi 3) with flat bottom, the angle inclosed %)y the walls being less than a right angle, but preferabl the bot tom is made somewhat concave ig. 5) the rentrant angle is rounded as shown at 0 (Figs. 4 and 5) and the angle between the walls at the lip of the cell made more acute so that the section of the cavity becomes prae tically semi-elliptical (Fig. 5).

Preferably the cavities should occup'y not less than a quarter nor more than three uarters of the entire surface of the ball, an the hundredths of an inch, nor should they be of greater depth than fourteen thousandths of an inch, and in any case their depth should not exceed one-ei hth of their diameter.

The whole of the surface of the ball be.- twccn the cavities may be left spherical, olthe surface immediatel surrounding the cavities may be sloped inwardly to the lip which may either be left sharp as in Fig. 4 or may be rounded o[l,as in Fig. 5, and by this means frictional resistance to passage through the air is lessened without sacrificing anything of the hanging cllect of the llight.

When the improved marking is applied to cored balls, the shell has; thercb given to it an added tensile strength and elasticity due to the reticular structure of its surface which tends to prevent bursting and permanent set or slacking of the shell. Further, cavities of the character described with their recntrant angles rounded oil, do not readily collect dirt, and are easily-cleaned.

Having thus described the nature of this invention and the best means I know of carrying the same into ractical effect, Iclaim:' l l. A golf ball wit 1 spherical surface pitted with isolated cavities oflarge surface area relatively to their depth, substantially circular in plan, with steep sides at the peripheries only of said cavities, and of a depth not exceeding onc-ei dith of their diameter.

2. 'A golf ba 1 with spherical surface pitte'd relatively to their depth, substantially circular in plan, with steep sides at the peripheries diameter of the cavities should be not less than nine-hundredths nor more than fifteenwith isolated cavities of large surface'area in the enlarged detail views Fi s. 3, 4 and 5, i

only of said cavities, and dished or concave 3. A golf ball with spherical surface pitted.

with isolated cavities, the surface immediately surrounding the cavities sloping inwardly to the lips of said cavities.

4. A golf ball with spherical surface pitted with isolated cavities of large surface area relatively to their depth, substantially circular in plan, With steep sides at the peripheries only of said cavities, and of a diameter not less than nine-hundredths nor greater than fifteen-hundredths of an inch, and of a depth not exceeding fourteen thousandths of an inch.

erases hundredths nor greater than fifteen-hundredths of an inch, and of a depth not ex-v in plan, the surface immediately surrounding the cavities sloping inwardly to the lips of said cavities. V

7. A. golf ball With spherical surface pitted With isolated cavities substantially circular in plan, the surface immediately surrounding the cavitiw. sloping inwardly to the lips of'the cavities, and said cavities having steep sides and concave bottoms, and being of a depth not exceeding one eighth of their diameter. In testimony'whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing Witnesses.

, WM. TAYLOR. Witnesses:

HENRY SHELTON, P. H mos.

US878254A 1906-09-11 1906-09-11 Golf-ball. Expired - Lifetime US878254A (en)

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US878254A true US878254A (en) 1908-02-04

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Cited By (45)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4141559A (en) * 1976-12-27 1979-02-27 Uniroyal, Inc. Two-piece solid golf ball
US4142727A (en) * 1975-09-06 1979-03-06 Dunlop Limited Golf balls
US4258921A (en) * 1980-01-04 1981-03-31 Worst Joseph C Golf ball
US4284276A (en) * 1980-02-13 1981-08-18 Worst Joseph C Grooved golf ball
US4346898A (en) * 1978-08-23 1982-08-31 Badke Frank C Putting golf ball
US4681323A (en) * 1984-02-07 1987-07-21 Bridgestone Corporation Golf ball
US4720111A (en) * 1983-11-21 1988-01-19 Sumitomo Rubber Industries Ltd. Golf ball
US4722529A (en) * 1985-06-05 1988-02-02 Dunlop Limited Golf balls
US4830378A (en) * 1987-01-28 1989-05-16 Wilson Sporting Goods Co. Golf ball with uniform land configuration
US4848766A (en) * 1985-09-30 1989-07-18 Sumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd. Golf ball
US4858923A (en) * 1987-02-24 1989-08-22 Acushnet Company Low trajectory long distance golf ball
US4880241A (en) * 1988-04-22 1989-11-14 Spalding & Evenflo Companies, Inc. Golf ball
US4915390A (en) * 1983-10-24 1990-04-10 Acushnet Company Golf ball
US4936587A (en) * 1972-03-20 1990-06-26 Acushnet Company Golf ball
US4949976A (en) * 1983-10-24 1990-08-21 Acushnet Company Multiple dimple golf ball
US4968038A (en) * 1982-09-13 1990-11-06 Sumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd. Large-sized two piece solid golf ball
US4979747A (en) * 1989-12-27 1990-12-25 Wilson Sporting Goods Co. Golf ball
US4991852A (en) * 1989-04-28 1991-02-12 Pattison John W Multi-purpose golf ball
US5060953A (en) * 1991-01-18 1991-10-29 Spalding & Evenflo Companies, Inc. Golf ball
US5060954A (en) * 1983-10-24 1991-10-29 Acushnet Company Multiple dimple golf ball
US5080367A (en) * 1972-03-20 1992-01-14 Acushnet Company Golf ball
US5149100A (en) * 1991-06-17 1992-09-22 Lisco, Inc. Golf ball
US5158300A (en) * 1991-10-24 1992-10-27 Acushnet Company Golf ball
DE4239976A1 (en) * 1992-04-21 1993-10-28 Kuhmo & Co Golf ball
US5273287A (en) * 1991-11-27 1993-12-28 Molitor Robert P Golf ball
US5356150A (en) * 1993-07-14 1994-10-18 Lisco, Inc. Golf ball
US5470075A (en) * 1993-12-22 1995-11-28 Lisco, Inc. Golf ball
US5470076A (en) * 1993-02-17 1995-11-28 Dunlop Slazenger Corporation Golf ball
US5507493A (en) * 1991-11-27 1996-04-16 Lisco, Inc. Golf ball
WO1996020759A1 (en) * 1995-01-03 1996-07-11 Acushnet Company Golf ball dimple pattern with constant depth dimples
US5547197A (en) * 1995-03-30 1996-08-20 Hansberger Precision Golf Incorporated Golf ball dimple construction
US5735757A (en) * 1995-06-27 1998-04-07 Sumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd. Golf ball
US5879245A (en) * 1996-10-01 1999-03-09 Ilya Co., Ltd. Golf ball
US5911639A (en) * 1996-12-24 1999-06-15 Bridgestone Sports Co., Ltd. Golf ball
US5935023A (en) * 1996-12-17 1999-08-10 Bridgestone Sports Co., Ltd. Golf ball
US6010442A (en) * 1997-12-29 2000-01-04 Dunlop Maxfli Sports Corporation Golf ball with secondary depressions
US6120393A (en) * 1996-09-16 2000-09-19 Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc. Low spin golf ball comprising a mantle having a hollow interior
US6162134A (en) * 1993-04-28 2000-12-19 Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc. Low spin golf ball comprising silicone material
US6193618B1 (en) 1993-04-28 2001-02-27 Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc. Low spin golf ball comprising a mantle with a cellular or liquid core
US6261193B1 (en) 1993-04-28 2001-07-17 Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc. Low spin golf ball utilizing perimeter weighting
US6676876B2 (en) 1993-04-28 2004-01-13 The Top-Flite Golf Company Method of molding a low spin golf ball comprising silicone material
US20050009644A1 (en) * 2002-05-23 2005-01-13 Steven Aoyama Golf ball dimples
US20130172127A1 (en) * 2011-12-30 2013-07-04 Chris Hixenbaugh Golf ball dimple profile
US20140200099A1 (en) * 2013-01-14 2014-07-17 Acushnet Company Multi-Arm Dimple and Dimple Patterns Including Same
US20170001076A1 (en) * 2015-07-02 2017-01-05 Arizona Board Of Regents On Behalf Of Arizona State University Low dimple coverage and low drag golf ball

Cited By (62)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5080367A (en) * 1972-03-20 1992-01-14 Acushnet Company Golf ball
US4936587A (en) * 1972-03-20 1990-06-26 Acushnet Company Golf ball
US4142727A (en) * 1975-09-06 1979-03-06 Dunlop Limited Golf balls
US4141559A (en) * 1976-12-27 1979-02-27 Uniroyal, Inc. Two-piece solid golf ball
US4346898A (en) * 1978-08-23 1982-08-31 Badke Frank C Putting golf ball
US4258921A (en) * 1980-01-04 1981-03-31 Worst Joseph C Golf ball
US4284276A (en) * 1980-02-13 1981-08-18 Worst Joseph C Grooved golf ball
US4968038A (en) * 1982-09-13 1990-11-06 Sumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd. Large-sized two piece solid golf ball
US5060954A (en) * 1983-10-24 1991-10-29 Acushnet Company Multiple dimple golf ball
US4915390A (en) * 1983-10-24 1990-04-10 Acushnet Company Golf ball
US4949976A (en) * 1983-10-24 1990-08-21 Acushnet Company Multiple dimple golf ball
US4720111A (en) * 1983-11-21 1988-01-19 Sumitomo Rubber Industries Ltd. Golf ball
US4681323A (en) * 1984-02-07 1987-07-21 Bridgestone Corporation Golf ball
US4722529A (en) * 1985-06-05 1988-02-02 Dunlop Limited Golf balls
US4848766A (en) * 1985-09-30 1989-07-18 Sumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd. Golf ball
US4830378A (en) * 1987-01-28 1989-05-16 Wilson Sporting Goods Co. Golf ball with uniform land configuration
US4858923A (en) * 1987-02-24 1989-08-22 Acushnet Company Low trajectory long distance golf ball
US4880241A (en) * 1988-04-22 1989-11-14 Spalding & Evenflo Companies, Inc. Golf ball
US4991852A (en) * 1989-04-28 1991-02-12 Pattison John W Multi-purpose golf ball
US4979747A (en) * 1989-12-27 1990-12-25 Wilson Sporting Goods Co. Golf ball
US5060953A (en) * 1991-01-18 1991-10-29 Spalding & Evenflo Companies, Inc. Golf ball
US5149100A (en) * 1991-06-17 1992-09-22 Lisco, Inc. Golf ball
US5158300A (en) * 1991-10-24 1992-10-27 Acushnet Company Golf ball
US5507493A (en) * 1991-11-27 1996-04-16 Lisco, Inc. Golf ball
US5503397A (en) * 1991-11-27 1996-04-02 Lisco, Inc. Golf ball
US5273287A (en) * 1991-11-27 1993-12-28 Molitor Robert P Golf ball
US5766098A (en) * 1991-11-27 1998-06-16 Lisco, Inc. Golf ball
US5482286A (en) * 1991-11-27 1996-01-09 Lisco, Inc. Golf ball
DE4239976A1 (en) * 1992-04-21 1993-10-28 Kuhmo & Co Golf ball
US5470076A (en) * 1993-02-17 1995-11-28 Dunlop Slazenger Corporation Golf ball
US6648778B2 (en) 1993-04-28 2003-11-18 Callaway Golf Company Low spin golf ball utilizing perimeter weighting
US6162134A (en) * 1993-04-28 2000-12-19 Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc. Low spin golf ball comprising silicone material
US6435985B1 (en) 1993-04-28 2002-08-20 Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc. Low spin golf ball comprising a mantle with a cellular or liquid core
US6561927B1 (en) 1993-04-28 2003-05-13 Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc. Methods of making low spin golf ball utilizing a mantle and a cellular or liquid core
US7041011B2 (en) 1993-04-28 2006-05-09 Callaway Golf Company Low spin golf ball utilizing perimeter weighting
US6261193B1 (en) 1993-04-28 2001-07-17 Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc. Low spin golf ball utilizing perimeter weighting
US6193618B1 (en) 1993-04-28 2001-02-27 Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc. Low spin golf ball comprising a mantle with a cellular or liquid core
US6634963B1 (en) 1993-04-28 2003-10-21 The Top-Flite Golf Company Golf ball comprising silicone materials
US6676876B2 (en) 1993-04-28 2004-01-13 The Top-Flite Golf Company Method of molding a low spin golf ball comprising silicone material
US5356150A (en) * 1993-07-14 1994-10-18 Lisco, Inc. Golf ball
US5470075A (en) * 1993-12-22 1995-11-28 Lisco, Inc. Golf ball
US5566943A (en) * 1995-01-03 1996-10-22 Acushnet Company Golf ball
WO1996020759A1 (en) * 1995-01-03 1996-07-11 Acushnet Company Golf ball dimple pattern with constant depth dimples
US5547197A (en) * 1995-03-30 1996-08-20 Hansberger Precision Golf Incorporated Golf ball dimple construction
US5735757A (en) * 1995-06-27 1998-04-07 Sumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd. Golf ball
US6120393A (en) * 1996-09-16 2000-09-19 Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc. Low spin golf ball comprising a mantle having a hollow interior
US5879245A (en) * 1996-10-01 1999-03-09 Ilya Co., Ltd. Golf ball
US5935023A (en) * 1996-12-17 1999-08-10 Bridgestone Sports Co., Ltd. Golf ball
US5911639A (en) * 1996-12-24 1999-06-15 Bridgestone Sports Co., Ltd. Golf ball
US6010442A (en) * 1997-12-29 2000-01-04 Dunlop Maxfli Sports Corporation Golf ball with secondary depressions
US20100173728A1 (en) * 2002-05-23 2010-07-08 Steven Aoyama Golf ball dimples
US7837578B2 (en) 2002-05-23 2010-11-23 Acushnet Company Golf ball dimples
US20050009644A1 (en) * 2002-05-23 2005-01-13 Steven Aoyama Golf ball dimples
US7229364B2 (en) * 2002-05-23 2007-06-12 Acushnet Company Golf ball dimples
US20090124432A1 (en) * 2002-05-23 2009-05-14 Steven Aoyama Golf ball dimples
US7481724B2 (en) 2002-05-23 2009-01-27 Acushnet Company Golf ball dimples
US7686709B2 (en) 2002-05-23 2010-03-30 Acushnet Company Golf ball dimples
US20130172127A1 (en) * 2011-12-30 2013-07-04 Chris Hixenbaugh Golf ball dimple profile
US20140200099A1 (en) * 2013-01-14 2014-07-17 Acushnet Company Multi-Arm Dimple and Dimple Patterns Including Same
US9180344B2 (en) * 2013-01-14 2015-11-10 Acushnet Company Multi-arm dimple and dimple patterns including same
US9839813B2 (en) * 2015-07-02 2017-12-12 Arizona Board Of Regents On Behalf Of Arizona State Univerity Low dimple coverage and low drag golf ball
US20170001076A1 (en) * 2015-07-02 2017-01-05 Arizona Board Of Regents On Behalf Of Arizona State University Low dimple coverage and low drag golf ball

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