US875762A - Spreader for shells. - Google Patents

Spreader for shells. Download PDF

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Publication number
US875762A
US875762A US37681607A US1907376816A US875762A US 875762 A US875762 A US 875762A US 37681607 A US37681607 A US 37681607A US 1907376816 A US1907376816 A US 1907376816A US 875762 A US875762 A US 875762A
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Prior art keywords
shot
post
spreader
disk
gun
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US37681607A
Inventor
Henry E Winans
Frederick Sinnock
Original Assignee
Henry E Winans
Frederick Sinnock
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by Henry E Winans, Frederick Sinnock filed Critical Henry E Winans
Priority to US37681607A priority Critical patent/US875762A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US875762A publication Critical patent/US875762A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42BEXPLOSIVE CHARGES, e.g. FOR BLASTING, FIREWORKS, AMMUNITION
    • F42B7/00Shotgun ammunition
    • F42B7/02Cartridges, i.e. cases with propellant charge and missile
    • F42B7/04Cartridges, i.e. cases with propellant charge and missile of pellet type
    • F42B7/043Cartridges, i.e. cases with propellant charge and missile of pellet type with shot-scattering means

Description

No. 875,762. PATENTED JAN. 7, 1908. H. E. WINANS & P. SINNOOK SPREADER FOR SHELLS.
APPLICATION FILED JUNE 1, 1907.
HENRY I). WINANS AND FREDERICK SINNOUK, OF NEWARK, NEW JERSEY.
ernrcn.
SPREADER FOR SHELLS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Jan. 7, 1908.
Application filed June 1. 1907- Serial No. 376-816.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, HENRY E. WINANS and i REDERICK SINNocK, citizens of the United'States, residing at Newark, in the county of Essex and State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Im provements in Spreaders for Shells; and we do hereby declare the following to be a full,
. clear, and exact description of the invention,
such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to figures of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
Our improvement relates to a shot-spreader that is of economical manufacture, and one that is designed to be used in conjunction with charges of shot in cartridges, and secure a device that will increase the spread of shot, when used in choke-bore guns without, in any way, decreasing the velocity of the load.
Our invention takes the form of a disk or similar guiding means, and a post projecting therefrom, the device being preferably used with the post projecting in the direction of the flight from the gun.
,The spreader is also designed to be used simply in the shape of a post placed in the shot and having its axis pointed in the direction of the flight it is to take, the action of the postin all the constructions acting to form a central element, when passing through the choke-bore of a gun, to prevent the shot from crossing, which crossing is at resent caused, in a choke-bore gun, whereby the shot is given a tendency by the choke to be centered or to be moved toward the center, and a continuation of this movement makes the shot, on different sides, cross to the o posite side at a distance from the gun. T tendency is obviated in this construction, and more efliciency is secured for the-shot in the cartridge. r
The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which Figure 1' is a view showing a cartridge, one end in" section, and a shot-spreader in place, the spreader being shown in elevation. Fig. 2 is a plan view of the shot-spreader. Fig. 3 is a view half in elevation and half in section of another form of spreader, and Fig. 4 is a top view of the device shown in Fig. 3. Fig. 5 is a top view of still another modified form, and Fig. 6 is a similar view showing both a modified form of guiding means in place of a disk, and also a modified post.
ig. 7 and Fig. 8 are perspective views of posts used without the disk, the shot being the guiding means.
, The invention is designed to be used in'a cartridge 10 and rests on the powder wad l1, and the spreader and the shot are held in place by the shot wad 12. The shot 13 is inserted around the post 14 of the spreader, the post being fastened to a disk 15 that rests against the powder wad 11, and in this construction the post 14 projects in the di rection of flight that the spreader and the charge are to take. In this form where the disk and post are madein one solid piece,
rubber or papiermach, a thin metal, however, being adapted for the purpose. this form the post and disk are made integral and can be cut out, molded, or stamped into shape. I
In the construction shown in Fig. 3, the disk 16 is made with a central perforation in which fits a cylindrical post-portion 17, the post in this case beinghollow, and being of thin metal it permits a radial contraction, allowing the diameter of the post to be desubjected' to passage through the choke-bore of a gun. in this way more easy, we may provide the tube 17 with a longitudinal slot 18, shown in Fig. 5, and this construction also allows an easy insertion of the tubular post 17, allowing it to be compressed before it is inserted in the perforation in the disk 16. In these constructions, shown in Figs. 3, 4 and 5, the disk is preferably made of the material of which gun wads are made, and the posts are made of thin metal. We do not, however, limit ourselves to this material.
In Fig. 6 is shown a modification where the disk or guiding means for the spreader is cut away to form only arms 19, thus saving material and weight, and the post instead of being round, can be made rectangular as at 20, the figure illustrating a post that is a hexagon in cross-section.
Fig. 7 and Fig. 8.show a post without a guiding means, the shot acting to guide the post in its flight, the post, however, having the same function of kee ing the shot from being forced in adiagonal irection, across the axis of'the gun, by the choke-bore thereof.
The office of the arms 19 or the disks in the previous figures, is to guide the spreader creased by the pressure of the shot, when they are preferably made of soft wood, cork,
To make this contraction caused through the barrel of the gun so that it will not turn over, and the post is designed to spread the shot, and being made of the material hereinbefore specified, of a more or less soft nature, the post becomes contracted in going through a choke-bore gun, the charge of the shot 13 forcing the post to assume a slightl smaller diameter, and when the sprem er has emerged from the gun, the shot are caused to be thrown out to cover a wider area than they would assume were no spreader in the charge.
This spreader also has the advantage that it is easily loaded into a cartridge, being simply set in on the powder wad, and the shot then poured around it. 'lhe spreading of the shot with this device may be increased or dimil'iished. by lengthening or shortening the amt.
l aving tlms described our invention, what we claim is:
1. An improved shot spreader consisting of a disk to guide the device, am] a post having substantially parallel sides aml adapted to permit the movement of shot around it, the post projecting from the disk in the direction of its flight.
2. An improved shotsprmuler com n'ising a disk to guide the device through the iore of a gun, and a central straight-sided )ost secured to and projecting from the dis r in the direction of its illight.
3. An improved shot-spremler comprising a post having a smooth exterior, and means on the rear end of the post for guiding the device through the barrel of a gun.
4. An improved shot-spreader comprising a post having transversely arranged guiding means secured to its rear end, and adapted to guide the spreader in a gun barrel.
5. An improved shot spreader com rising a cylindrical ost' secured to a dis and adapted to ro ect from the disk in the direction of its ight.
6. An improved shot spreader com rising a cylindrica o )en-ended post ada te to be placed centrally and longitudina ly'in the shot chamber of a cartridge. i
7. An improved shot spreader comprising a disk having a perforation therein, and a cylindrical open-ended post, secured in the perforation. Y
8. An improved shot s reader comprising a disk having a perforation therein, and a cylindrical open-ended post having a longitudinal slot and being arranged in the perforation of the disk.
9. An improved shot spreader comprising a post adapted to he )laced in the shot chamber of a cartridge wit 1 its axis in line with the direction of its flight, the post having a smooth exterior permitting the movement of shot around it, the post also being slightly compressible transversely the shot guiding the s 'n'eader in its passage through the gun barrel.
in testimony, that we claim the foregoing, we have hereunto set our hands this thirty first day of May 1907.
HENRY E. WINANS. FREDERICK SINNOUK. Witnesses:
E. A. PELL, JouN O'r'ro.
US37681607A 1907-06-01 1907-06-01 Spreader for shells. Expired - Lifetime US875762A (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2617358A (en) * 1948-11-11 1952-11-11 Vecchiotti Ado Shotgun cartridge
US2840944A (en) * 1954-03-30 1958-07-01 James F Thompson Adaptor for a magazine
US3796157A (en) * 1972-03-03 1974-03-12 R Anderson Shotgun shell
US4006688A (en) * 1975-06-04 1977-02-08 Craft William J Shot dispersion control device for shotgun shells
US4167904A (en) * 1977-09-15 1979-09-18 Ferri Bernard L Shot compressor devices and method therefor
US4635555A (en) * 1985-09-16 1987-01-13 Ferri Bernard L Shot pattern controlling device
US5189251A (en) * 1992-01-29 1993-02-23 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Sabot for high dispersion shot shell
US5191168A (en) * 1992-01-29 1993-03-02 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Sabot for high dispersion shot shell
US5192830A (en) * 1992-01-29 1993-03-09 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Sabot for high dispersion shot shell
US5644100A (en) * 1996-08-19 1997-07-01 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Sabot for high-dispersion shot shell
US6250228B1 (en) * 2000-06-14 2001-06-26 Franklin H. King Compression shotgun cartridge
ITBO20110634A1 (en) * 2011-11-07 2013-05-08 Luigi Melloni Disperser for hunting cartridges and hunting cartridge comprising said disperser
US8651024B2 (en) 2012-09-01 2014-02-18 Mark Bowen Shot packing method and related devices

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2617358A (en) * 1948-11-11 1952-11-11 Vecchiotti Ado Shotgun cartridge
US2840944A (en) * 1954-03-30 1958-07-01 James F Thompson Adaptor for a magazine
US3796157A (en) * 1972-03-03 1974-03-12 R Anderson Shotgun shell
US4006688A (en) * 1975-06-04 1977-02-08 Craft William J Shot dispersion control device for shotgun shells
US4167904A (en) * 1977-09-15 1979-09-18 Ferri Bernard L Shot compressor devices and method therefor
US4635555A (en) * 1985-09-16 1987-01-13 Ferri Bernard L Shot pattern controlling device
WO1993015374A1 (en) * 1992-01-29 1993-08-05 The United States Of America, As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Sabot for high dispersion shot shell
US5189251A (en) * 1992-01-29 1993-02-23 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Sabot for high dispersion shot shell
US5192830A (en) * 1992-01-29 1993-03-09 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Sabot for high dispersion shot shell
US5191168A (en) * 1992-01-29 1993-03-02 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Sabot for high dispersion shot shell
US5644100A (en) * 1996-08-19 1997-07-01 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Sabot for high-dispersion shot shell
US6250228B1 (en) * 2000-06-14 2001-06-26 Franklin H. King Compression shotgun cartridge
ITBO20110634A1 (en) * 2011-11-07 2013-05-08 Luigi Melloni Disperser for hunting cartridges and hunting cartridge comprising said disperser
WO2013068871A1 (en) * 2011-11-07 2013-05-16 Melloni Luigi S.A.S. Di Melloni Riccardo & C. Disperser for shotgun cartridges and shotgun cartridge comprising said disperser
US8651024B2 (en) 2012-09-01 2014-02-18 Mark Bowen Shot packing method and related devices

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