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US873363A - Ratchet screw-driver. - Google Patents

Ratchet screw-driver. Download PDF

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Publication number
US873363A
US873363A US1906334870A US873363A US 873363 A US873363 A US 873363A US 1906334870 A US1906334870 A US 1906334870A US 873363 A US873363 A US 873363A
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US
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
sleeve
ratchet
lever
handle
screw
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Benjamin F Foss
Original Assignee
Benjamin F Foss
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B13/00Spanners; Wrenches
    • B25B13/46Spanners; Wrenches of the ratchet type, for providing a free return stroke of the handle
    • B25B13/461Spanners; Wrenches of the ratchet type, for providing a free return stroke of the handle with concentric driving and driven member
    • B25B13/466Spanners; Wrenches of the ratchet type, for providing a free return stroke of the handle with concentric driving and driven member the ratchet parts engaging in an axial direction

Description

PATENTED DEC. 10, 1 907. B. F. FOSS.

I IHUIQJRIGF:

" 6 d. W M

mm f mm .MI 4 W flu d b y v VF 3? 1E. m d

, m y w W BENJAMIN -F. FOSS, OF FAIRFIELD, MAINE.

RATGHET SCREW-DRIVER.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Dec. 10,1907.

Application filed September 17. 1906. Serial No. 334,870.

. To all whom it may concern:

' is to be applied to the screw or other article to be started.

According to my invention I provide a lever which is pivoted to a sleeve mounted between the handle and the ratchet mechanism, which lever may be normally locked in engagement with the handle so that the tool may be used as an ordinary ratchet screw driver but when it is desired to use an extra amount of force, the lever may be unlocked and used to turn the spindle with a ratchet motion.

I illustrate my invention by means of the accompanying drawings in which Figure 1is a part central section and part elevation of a screw driver embodying my invention. Fig. 2- is an elevation of a portion of the device with the adjusting ring in section.' Fig. 3- is ahorizontal section on Y Y of Fig. 2. Fig. 4- is a vertical section through the adjusting ring. Fig. 5- is a sectionon Z Z of Fig. 2, and Fig.-6 is a section on X X of Fig. 1. 1

In the drawing A represents the spindle which may terminate in a screw driver blade as shown or in the jaws of a wrench or otherwise as desired. The spindle is journaled in the'handle E and is secured in place by a screw g. The ratchet member is fixed to'the spindle and between it and the handle is provided a loose sleeve to which the operating lever is pivoted.

As here shown, I secure to the spindle an annular ratchet member A having ratchet teeth on its under side and two pawl bolts 1) b contained in suitable recesses in the end of the sleeve B engage the ratchet teeth. These pawl bolts are each formed to stop the ratchet from revolving in one direction, and each has a spiral s ring I) which tends to force it outward. v ach pawl bolt is retracted by an offset b which extends out through 'a slot 5 formed in the sleeve, and these projections are engaged by cam slots 0 orithe operating ring 0 which surrounds the sleeve (Figs. 4 & 5.) These cam slots are on op 0- site sides of the ring and are so formed t at when the ring is in a central position both pawls will be locked or' engaged so that the spindle will not turn in either direction, and when it is turned in either direction, one or the other pawl will be withdrawn leaving the opposite pawl engaged. Outside of the operating ring 0 and secured to it there is an annular thumb piece 0 corrugated to insure a hold.

A ring b is slip ed on over the end of the sleeve and secured thereto with a screw and this ring abuts against the end of the operating ring 0 to hold the same in place at one end. A shoulder formed on the sleeve B holds the ring 0 in the other direction so that it has no longitudinal motion. The sleeve B which fits loosely over the spindle between the handle and the fixed ratchet member a has a rearward extending ferrule 11 to which is pivoted the operating lever D and fitting inside of'the ferrule b is a ferrule e which covers the end of the handle E.

Means are provided by which the lever D may be locked in engagement with the han dle E so that the sleeve B will be held from turning on the ferrule e. For this purpose I form a longitudinal groove in the outer surface of the handle and into this groove the lever fits when it is turned down against the handle. Means are shown for locking the lever in its closed position when not in use. For this purpose I provide a spring locking bolt f at the end of the groove, the end of the bolt engaging a notch in the end of the lever. As iral spring f tends to force the bolt out and a thumb piece f is provided to retract it and release the lever. A spring din the bottom of the groove serves to start the lever out-of the groove so that it can be grasped by the hand. It will thusbe seen that when the lever is turned down and locked in the groove, the sleeve B and the handle are locked together and become ractically one member so that with the rate et mechanism it makes an ordinary ratchet screw driver. When however, the lever is unlocked and brought to the position shown in dotted lines in Fig. 1, the sleeve B is free to turn freely onthe spindle and the ferrule e and the handle may be held in a fixed position and the spindle turned with a ratchet motion by reciprocating the lever. The tool may thus in ordinary ratchet screw driver or a plain screw driver and when an extra force is to be applied the lever may be disengaged and used to provide a purchase.

I claim:

In a ratchet screw driver, the combination of a spindle, a ratchet member on said spindle, a handle through which the s )indle passes and to which it is journaled, a ferrule on said handle provided with an annular exterior shouldered portion intermediate its ends, a sleeve provided With an interior annular ofl'set bearing surface, said sleeve fit- Work be used as a ting over the ferrule to rotate thereon with the inner end of the sleeve bearing against 16 the shouldered portion of the ferrule and with the annular ol'l'sct bearing surface of the sleeve engaging one end of the ferrule and the handle, pawls mounted in the sleeve to engage the ratchet member, and a lever pivoted 20 to said sleeve.

BENJAMIN F. FOSS.

WVitnesscs: v

A. A. MERRILL, V. \V. MrnmILL.

US873363A 1906-09-17 1906-09-17 Ratchet screw-driver. Expired - Lifetime US873363A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US873363A US873363A (en) 1906-09-17 1906-09-17 Ratchet screw-driver.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US873363A US873363A (en) 1906-09-17 1906-09-17 Ratchet screw-driver.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US873363A true US873363A (en) 1907-12-10

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US873363A Expired - Lifetime US873363A (en) 1906-09-17 1906-09-17 Ratchet screw-driver.

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US (1) US873363A (en)

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3099177A (en) * 1960-12-01 1963-07-30 Kostka Charles Combined ratchet and direct drive hand operated rotary tools
US5123311A (en) * 1991-07-05 1992-06-23 Ford Motor Company Flexible axial compensating driver
US6058812A (en) * 1997-06-19 2000-05-09 Robert Schroder Gmbh & Co. Screwing tool with a ratchet
US20040159192A1 (en) * 2002-01-09 2004-08-19 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Ratchet driver
US20090183608A1 (en) * 2008-01-17 2009-07-23 Wagic, Inc., A California Corporation Tool handle for holding multiple tools of different sizes during use
US20090183607A1 (en) * 2008-01-17 2009-07-23 Wagic, Inc., A California Corporation Tool holder
US7788996B2 (en) 1994-07-29 2010-09-07 Allen-Pal Llc Tool handle for holding multiple tools of different sizes during use
US20110000025A1 (en) * 2008-01-17 2011-01-06 Wagic, Inc. Biaxial foldout tool with multiple tools on a side and a rotational stop
US20110000024A1 (en) * 2008-01-17 2011-01-06 Wagic, Inc. Radial foldout tool with multiple types of tools and bit storage
USD630918S1 (en) 2008-01-17 2011-01-18 Wagic, Inc. Universal ratcheting tool
US20110079115A1 (en) * 2009-10-05 2011-04-07 Wagic, Inc. Handled ratcheting tool with a flip out handle
US20110079113A1 (en) * 2009-10-05 2011-04-07 Wagic, Inc. Dual purpose flip-out and t handle
USD643273S1 (en) * 2009-10-05 2011-08-16 Wagic, Inc. Ratcheting tool with a flip out handle
US8011277B2 (en) 2007-05-10 2011-09-06 Wagic, Inc. Hand tool with multiple bit storage and a method for using the same
US8033200B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2011-10-11 Wagic, Inc. Universal ratcheting tool
USD677552S1 (en) 2008-01-17 2013-03-12 Wagic, Inc. Radial foldout tool with multiple types of tools and bit storage
USD708036S1 (en) 2008-01-17 2014-07-01 Wagic, Inc. Biaxial foldout tool
US8925429B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2015-01-06 Wagic, Inc. Radial foldout tool
USD723276S1 (en) 2013-03-15 2015-03-03 Wagic, Inc. Post lock tool holder for L-shaped wrenches
US9193062B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2015-11-24 Wagic, Inc. Post lock tool holder for L-shaped wrenches
US9193058B2 (en) 2012-05-15 2015-11-24 Wagic, Inc. Adjustable tool handle for holding a tool during use
US9387579B2 (en) 2012-05-15 2016-07-12 Wagic, Inc. Adjustable tool handle for holding a tool during use

Cited By (38)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3099177A (en) * 1960-12-01 1963-07-30 Kostka Charles Combined ratchet and direct drive hand operated rotary tools
US5123311A (en) * 1991-07-05 1992-06-23 Ford Motor Company Flexible axial compensating driver
US7788996B2 (en) 1994-07-29 2010-09-07 Allen-Pal Llc Tool handle for holding multiple tools of different sizes during use
US6058812A (en) * 1997-06-19 2000-05-09 Robert Schroder Gmbh & Co. Screwing tool with a ratchet
US20040159192A1 (en) * 2002-01-09 2004-08-19 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Ratchet driver
US6854363B2 (en) 2002-01-09 2005-02-15 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Ratchet driver
US9289894B2 (en) 2007-05-10 2016-03-22 Wagic, Inc. Hand tool with multiple bit storage and a method for using the same
US8011277B2 (en) 2007-05-10 2011-09-06 Wagic, Inc. Hand tool with multiple bit storage and a method for using the same
US8925429B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2015-01-06 Wagic, Inc. Radial foldout tool
US20110000024A1 (en) * 2008-01-17 2011-01-06 Wagic, Inc. Radial foldout tool with multiple types of tools and bit storage
USD630918S1 (en) 2008-01-17 2011-01-18 Wagic, Inc. Universal ratcheting tool
US9604349B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2017-03-28 Wagic, Inc. Universal ratcheting tool
US9545707B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2017-01-17 Wagic, Inc. Tool handle for holding multiple tools of different sizes during use
US7946203B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2011-05-24 Wagic, Inc. Tool handle for holding multiple tools of different sizes during use
US9505123B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2016-11-29 Wagic, Inc. Tool holder
US20110000025A1 (en) * 2008-01-17 2011-01-06 Wagic, Inc. Biaxial foldout tool with multiple tools on a side and a rotational stop
US8033200B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2011-10-11 Wagic, Inc. Universal ratcheting tool
US8336428B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2012-12-25 Wagic, Inc. Universal ratcheting tool
US8359954B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2013-01-29 Wagic, Inc. Radial foldout tool with multiple types of tools and bit storage
US20090183607A1 (en) * 2008-01-17 2009-07-23 Wagic, Inc., A California Corporation Tool holder
US8468916B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2013-06-25 Wagic, Inc. Biaxial foldout tool with multiple tools on a side and a rotational stop
US8499667B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2013-08-06 WAGIC, Inc Tool holder
US20090183608A1 (en) * 2008-01-17 2009-07-23 Wagic, Inc., A California Corporation Tool handle for holding multiple tools of different sizes during use
US8640574B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2014-02-04 Wagic, Inc. Radial foldout tool with multiple types of tools and bit storage
US8757033B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2014-06-24 Wagic, Inc. Universal ratcheting tool
USD708036S1 (en) 2008-01-17 2014-07-01 Wagic, Inc. Biaxial foldout tool
USD677552S1 (en) 2008-01-17 2013-03-12 Wagic, Inc. Radial foldout tool with multiple types of tools and bit storage
US9701005B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2017-07-11 Wagic, Inc. Biaxial foldout tool with multiple tools on a side and a rotational stop
USD643273S1 (en) * 2009-10-05 2011-08-16 Wagic, Inc. Ratcheting tool with a flip out handle
US9120208B2 (en) 2009-10-05 2015-09-01 WAGIC, Inc Handled ratcheting tool with a flip out handle
US20110079115A1 (en) * 2009-10-05 2011-04-07 Wagic, Inc. Handled ratcheting tool with a flip out handle
US9676083B2 (en) 2009-10-05 2017-06-13 Wagic, Inc. Dual purpose flip-out and T handle
US20110079113A1 (en) * 2009-10-05 2011-04-07 Wagic, Inc. Dual purpose flip-out and t handle
US8621963B2 (en) 2009-10-05 2014-01-07 Wagic, Inc. Dual purpose flip-out and T handle
US9387579B2 (en) 2012-05-15 2016-07-12 Wagic, Inc. Adjustable tool handle for holding a tool during use
US9193058B2 (en) 2012-05-15 2015-11-24 Wagic, Inc. Adjustable tool handle for holding a tool during use
USD723276S1 (en) 2013-03-15 2015-03-03 Wagic, Inc. Post lock tool holder for L-shaped wrenches
US9193062B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2015-11-24 Wagic, Inc. Post lock tool holder for L-shaped wrenches

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