US834370A - Washing-machine. - Google Patents

Washing-machine. Download PDF

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US834370A
US834370A US17591303A US1903175913A US834370A US 834370 A US834370 A US 834370A US 17591303 A US17591303 A US 17591303A US 1903175913 A US1903175913 A US 1903175913A US 834370 A US834370 A US 834370A
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Prior art keywords
lever
tub
pounder
support
means
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US17591303A
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Cyrus A Dodge
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Cyrus A Dodge
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F15/00Washing machines having beating, rubbing or squeezing means in receptacles stationary for washing purposes

Description

No. 834,370. PATENTED OCT. 30, 1906'.

. C. A. DODGE.

WASHING MACHINE.

APPLICATION FILED 001.6.1903.

2 SHEETS-SHIEET 1.

INVENTOR. up! (9&4

PATENTED OCT. 30, 1906.

0., A. DODGE. WASHING MACHINE;

APPLICATION FILED OGT.6. 1903.

' 2 SHEBTSSHEET 2- [NV/51V TOR.

Cm/9051 8 04 76" 41p I 'UNITED :STATESIPATENT OFFICE. a cYRUs A. DODGE, OF SYRACUSE. NEW YORK. I

' WASHING-MACHINE. g

I To all whom it-may concern.-

Specification of Letters Patent.

, Applioationfiled October a, 1903. SerialNo-175.913.

Be it known that I, CYRUS A.Do1 )GE, aciti zen of the Un'ted States, residing at Syra- .cuse, in the co nty of Onondaga and'State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Washing-Machines;- and I do hereb declare the following to be a full, clear, an exact description of the inventlon, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.

My invention relates to improvements in washing-machines, and moreparticularly to those 0 the pounder type. I

One object of my resent invention is to provide sim 1e and e 'ci'ent means for adaptlng a poun er washing-machine for use w1th seia or fixed tubs having sloping front .wa s.

A further object is to provide means for washing-machine that its operating 'mechanism'canbe located within a tub of any size or sha e and so that all parts of'the tub can .be rea ily reached by the pounder.

A furt er object 1s to provide a construction which will admit of the use of an angular lever for operating the pounder and moving thelatter to any desired position within the'tub.

'A further object is to provide simple means for attaching-a pounder-machine to and pending the same within a tub. 4

A further object is to so mount a ounder sus- ' washing machine within a tubt at. the

ounder-can be operated by an angular ever, solthat it can bereciprocated vertically andat the same time be swung laterally and so that said lever and ounder can be moved bodily from side to si e or end to end of the tub, accordingly as the machine is attached to an end or aside of the tub.

A further object is to provide simple and efficient means for effecting angular adjust-.

ment of the support of the operating lever, whereby the true vertical reciprocatlons of the pounder and'its consequent operation at rightangles to the surface of the water in the tub will be insured;

A further objectisto provide ready means 'for permitting the removal of thepounder and its operating devices.

With these objects in view the invention conslsts In certa n novel features of constructlon and combination and arrangements of parts, as hereinafter set forth, and pointed out 1n the claims.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1.

isv a transverse sectional view of a set tub,

showing my improvements, in elevation and partly broken away, applied thereto. Fig. 2 1s a plan view with the tub partly broken away. Fig. 3 is an enlarged detail View,

partly in section, showing the supporting. devices for the tra'ckway. Fig. 4 1s a detail view of one of the track-supporting brackets. Fig. 5 is a plan view of the trackway and slide orcarrier thereon. Fig. 6 is a detail view in section, showing the mounting for the operating-lever. F1 7 is a bottom plan view of the sleeve 25. Fig. 8 is. a detail view showing a 'ortion of the lever, the lever-mounting, and ock-o erating device for the slide or carriage. ig. 9 is a detail view of a part of the o crating-lever and the cam 42 thereon;

and ig. 10 '1s.a detail. view showing thea its proportionate dimensions are ver difierent from those of the ordinary porta le tub, it has been found impracticable to apply pounder apparatus to such fixed tubs in the manner heretofore employed with portable tubs, to which latter the apparatus could be attached at any point or at different points on the rim for the purpose of causing the plunger to reachallparts of the tub. In

order that a pounder'washing-machine shall be effectual, it is necessary that the o erator shall be able tomove the pounder to a 1 parts of the tub, and this couldnot, as above stated,

be ace-om 'lished'in set tubs with the use of 'the appliances heretofore employed W1th portable tubs; hence the principal object of my invention.

I have found by ex erience that in the practical application 0 a pounder washingmachine to aset tub two'conditions .are imp0rtantviz. that the o eratingmechanlsm shouldbe' supported wit in the-tub'not far above the water-line and that-an angula'Lr-operatingelever should be employed. The vai connected by a coupling 3, through which a clamping-screw 4 is passed and made to engage the outer wall of the tub. The inner arms or members 5 of the hanger 2 lie parallel with each other and parallel with the inner face of the sloping front wall of the tub, and each of said arms or members 5 is provided in one face with a series of notches 5.

As shown in the drawings, the support above referred to is made in the form of brackets, each having a sleeve 8 adjustably secured to an arm or member 5 of the hanger by means of a set-screw 7, which will be made to engage any of the notches 5*. Each bracket or support member 9 is made with faces 9*.

a'curved upper face 9, and from the center of the curvedface of each bracket a screw 12 -pro'ects upwardly, and said screws are ref- ,era ly so disposed as to project at an ang e to the axis of the bracket-sleeves 8. The brackets 9 serve to support a trackway 15, which lies at points near its ends upon the curved This trackway may be convenientl made of a single metal rod bent upon itsel to form two members 15 15*, the free 1 ends of which are connected by a suitable coupling 19. The fixed screws 12 project between the members of the trackway and receive blocks 13, having their lower faces curved concentric with the curvature of the upper faces of the brackets 9, and serve to 0 amp the trackway to said brackets, said blocks being firmly held to effect this clamping action by means of nuts 14, secured on the upper ends of the screws 12. It is im portant that the trackway shall be maintamed always in a horizontal position and.

that both members of said trackway shall be inthe same horizontal plane. On account, therefore, of the fact that the inclination of r the front wall of the tubs may vary with different makes, and it being desirable to makethe apparatus attachable to tubs of all makes, 1t is necessary that angular adjustment of the trackway shall be provided for.

" The devices above described for securing the trackway to the-supporting-brackets afford ready means for easily and quickly ffecting the-angular adjustment above re-.

1 ferred to, as-elearly illustrated in Fig. 3, be-

cause, as will'be readily seen, any lateral -movement of the trackway between the concentric curved surfaces of the clamping -means will atonce change the angle of the trackway relative to that of the-hanger and the tub front. Thus the proper position of the trackway to receive the operating mechanism can always be insured regardless of the angularity of'the tub front to which the machine may be attached. By making the brackets 9 adjustable vertically the height of the .rackway can be regulated according to the depth of the tub on which the apparatus may be used or the quantity of water and clothes which the user may desire to employ, it being desirable in all cases that the trackway which supports the operating mechanism shall be located in comparatively close proximity to the water-line within the tub.

A slide or carriage 21 is mounted on the trackway 15 and is adapted to travel from end to end thereof. The slide or carriage is provided over one member of the trackway with a rotatable mounting for the operatinglever. In constructing this mounting the trackway is provided with a tubular post 23, inclosed by a revoluble sleeve 25. This sleeve is provided at its base with a flange 26, normally confined under fingers 27 on the carriage, and said flange is made with diametrically opposite notches 28 to permit the ready removal of the sleeve, together with the operating mechanism'which it carries, as hereinafter explained. The sleeve 25 is provided at diametrically opposite points near its base with pintles 31, on which an operating-lever 30 is fulcrumed. This levenis an-. gular or of the bell-crank variety and 1s 1votally mounted on the ipintles at the el ow formed by the juncture 0 its arms. The lever 30 comprises two parallel members secured together, and these members inclose the sleeve 25, the respective members bemg pivotally mounted on the respective pmtles 31. The stem or shaft 33 of the pounder 34 is pivotally attached at apoint between its ends to the free end of the horizontal arm of the operating-lever 30, and to the-upper end of said stem one end of a pitman 38- 1s pivoted, the other end of said pitman being pivotally attached to the sleeve'25 in=proximity to the upper end of the latter:

A handle 35 is secured to the upwardlyrojecting arm of the operating-lever, said iiandle being inserted between t 1e members of the lever and secured by transverse fastenin devices.

%t will be observed that with the construction and arrangement of parts above described the operating mechanism can be mounted down within a tub, thus adapting the apparatus particularly to set tubs having-sloping fronts; that thus mountlng the o erating mechanlsm wlthln the tub admits of the use of an angular operatmglever, which is very desirable; that the lever has a free rocking movement to reciprocate the pounder; that said lever also has a swinging motion, being permitted to oscillate With-the sleeve 25, to which it'is connected, for the purpose of moving the pounder to different '40 is rovided at its upper end with ahead 41, w 'ch is engaged y a cam 42, so constructed that at a certain oint in the movement of the operating mec anism it will raise thepin 40 and release the, carria e. Thus when the lever is tperated the pin 4O will lock the. carriage an hold it locked until the pounder has been raised to nearly its full the pounder.

throw, when the cam 42 will raise the pin and release the carriage.

' The stop-lock device above described wo'uld be unnecessary if the lever was always to be operated in a plane approximately at right angles to the track but when the pounder is swung toward either end of the tub and-pressure is applied the tendency of the carriage would be to moveforwardout ofposition on the track. In the reverse or upward movement of the pounder and while the suction is still in eflect the carriage will be pulled back toward the operator if not locked. Such ac-- tions of the carriage'without a stop check and lock would be very annoying and also unfavorably affect the workin capacit of By the sto loc' and'un ock devices above described t e fulcrum will be kept in one place for all working positions tpf ot I in t e i the pounder among the clothes downwardandthe first part of the upward movement and always unlocked as soon as suction releases the pounder and 'it is desirable to move toa new position. I I

The trackway upon which the operating mechanism is mounted can be readily re-' 'moved', and it is also reversible-that is to say, it can beturned end for end from the osition shown inthe drawingsand when t us disposed the mounting for the operating mechanism will be located farther away from the front wall of the tub, thusadapting the ap aratus for'tubs1of' more'than the usual 'wi th or when it isdesired that the ounder shall reach close to' the rear wall of t e tub. Numerous slight changes might be made in the details of construction of my invention without departing from the s irit thereof or limiting its scope, and hencedo not wish to limit myself to'the exact details setI-forth. The term support as used in the claims is intended to mean an device which will perform the functions 0 a su port. The specific support shown in the awings consists -jects laterally within the tub.

of the brackets 9,. and the specific means,

shown for sustainin this support downinside a tub consists o the ban er 2.

Having fully described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, .is

1. Ina washing-machine for set tubs, the

combination with a sup ort and means for sustainingsaid support own inside of a tub,

of a rotatable mounting sustained by said support, a bell-crank lever pivoted between its ends to said rotatable mounting, the lower arm of said lever projecting laterally within the tub and the u per arm of said lever proj ecting upwardly a ove the tub, and a pounder connected to the lower arm of said lever and sustained thereby.

'2.- In a washing-machine for set tubs, the

combination with a support and means for holding the same down into a tub, of a rotatable mounting sustained down in the tub by said support, and an angular lever pivoted to said rotatable 'mounting'and ap-ounder carried by one arm of said lever, whereby said lever can be oscillated on its pivot and the arm carrying the pounder swung laterally within the tub. 5

3. In awashing-machine for set tubs havirrg inclined fronts, the combination with a support, means for sustaining the same within the tub, an angular lever, and a pounder carried by one arm of the angular vices connecting the apex of said lever with the su port and permitting the lever'to be operatedlwithin t e tub in two directions at right angles to each other. f

'4. The combination with a support of a reversible trackwa comprising two members, mounted on said support, a carriage on the trackway, a lever, a mounting for the lever on the carriage over one'inember of the trackway and a pounder attached to said lever.

5. The combinationwitha trackway, asupport therefor and a carriage thereon, of'a piv-' 'oted lever mounted on the carriage, a pounder attached to said lever, and means for automatically lockin and unlocking said carriage when the lever is operated.

6. In a washing-machine for set tubs, the

combination with a ban er, of a verticall adjustable support attac ed thereto, a be crank lever, a rotatable mounting for said lever sustained by-said support, and a pounder attached to the arm. of said lever which profrom the rotatable mounting 7. In a washing-machine for set tubs, the combination with a hanger, a (bell-crank lever and a pounder attached to thelever, of a rotatable mountin sustained by said hanger and having pivotaI the lever and means for effecting angular adever, of dconnection with the apex of justment of saidmounting relative to the hanger within the tub.

8. The combination with a support' and means for sustaining it within a tub, of an an gular lover, a mounting for said lever sus tained by said support, means for effecting angular adjust-n'ient of said mounting and a pounder attached to one arm of said lever.

10. The combination with a trackway, a carriage thereon and a support for the trackway, of means for effecting angular adjustment of the trackway, a pivoted lever supported by the carriage and a pounder attached to said lever.

11.. In a washingmachine, the eon1bination with a support to be secured down in the tub, a track on the support, a slide fitted to the track and movable thereon, a bell-erank lever pivotally supported on the slide having a lower arm extending laterally in the tub and an upper arm upwardly extending above the tub, and a pounder on the end of the lateral arm.

12. In a washinganachine, the combination with a support to be secured down in the tub, of a track on the support, a slide fitted to the track, a substantially vertical post on the slide, a sleeve fitted to the post and turning thereon, a bell-crank lever pivotally secured to the sleeve and rocking thereon, a pounder on the lower arm of the bell-crank lever and a handle on its upper arm.

13. In a was ling-machine, the combina tion with a'support to be secured down in the tub, of a track on the support, a slide fitted to the track, a substantially vertical post on the slide, a sleeve fitted to the post and turning thereon, a bell-crank lever pivotally secured to the sleeve and rocking thereon in substantially a vertical plane, a pounder on the lower arm of the lever, a handle on the upper arm of the lever, means to lock the slide to the track when the pounder is being depressed and means automatically to unlock the slide when the pounder is being elevated.

14. In a washing-machine the combination with a support to be secured down in the tub, of a track on the support, a slide fitted. to the track, a substantially vertical poston the slide, lips on the slide adjacent to the foot of the post, a sleeve fitted to the post and turning thereon, a notched flange at the lower end of the sleeve to engage with the lips, the notches being arranged to register with the lips when the pounder is turned against the side of thetub, a bell-crank lever pivotally secured to the sleeve and rocking thereon in substantially a vertical plane, the pounder on the lower arm of the lever and a handle on the upper arm of the lever.

15. In washing-machine for set tubs having inclined fronts, the combination with a support to be secured down in the tub on the inner surface of the front, of a horizontal track carried on the support, a slide fitted to the track and longitudinally movable thereon, a substantially vertical post on the slide, a sleeve fitting the post and turning thereon, an angular lever pivotally fixed at its elbow on the sleeve and rocking in substantially a vertical plane, and a pounder on the end of the lower arm of the lever.

16. In a washing-machine for set tubs having inclined fronts, the combination with a support to be secured down. in the tub on the inner face of the front, of a substantially horizontal track carried on the support, means to adjust the. track angularly thereon,

a slide fitted to the track to slide thereon, a substantially vertical post on the slide, a

sleeve fitting the post and turning thereon, an angular lever pivotally secured on the sleeve and rocking thereon in substantially a vertical plane, said lever having a lower arm extending laterally in the tub and an upper arm extending upwardly out of the tub, and a pounder on the end of the lower arm.

17. In a pounder washing-mac]line for set tubs, having inclined fronts, the combination with a support to be secured down in the tub on the inner face of the front, of a substantially horizontal track carried on the support, means to adjust the track angularly thereon, a slide fitted to the track to slide thereon, a substantially vertical post on the slide, a sleeve fitting the post and turning thereon, an angular lever pivotally secured on the sleeve and rocking thereon in substantially a vertical plane, said lever having a lower arm extending laterally in the tub and an upper arm upwardly extending, a pounder on the lower arm, a handle on the upper arm extending substantially vertically out of the tub, means to lock the slide to the track while the pounder is being depressed, and means antomatically to unlock the slide when the pounder is being raised.

18. In a pounder washing-machine, the combination with the clamping-frame having legs extending down into the tub and means for clamping the frame on the tub, of supporting-brackets means for securing the brackets in position on the legs, a track supported and angularly adjustable on the brac ets, means to secure the track on the brackets, a slide fitted to the track, an angular lever pivotally fulcrumed on the slide, and having an upper upwardly-extending arm, and a lower laterally-extending arm, and a handle secured to the upwardly-extending arm and extending above the tub.

19. In a pounder-washing machine, the combination with the clamping-frame having arms arranged outside of the tub, legs extend.-

ing down into the tub and means for clamping the frame on the tub, of supportingbrackets, means for securing the brackets in position'on the legs, a track supported on the rackets, a slide fitted to the track, a sub stantially vertical post on the slide, a sleeve out of the tub.

20. In a washing-machine for set tubs, the combinationwith a support and means for sustaining it within a tub, of an angular lever, a mounting for said lever sustained by said support, means for effecting angular adjnstment of said mounting, a pounder having a stem pivotally attached between its ends to an arm -of said lever, and a rod or pitman pivotally attached at one end to the'upper upper face, and means for sustalning said 7 end of the stem of the pounder and at the other end to the mounting of the angular lever. 21. In a washing-machine for set tubs, th combination with a support having a curved support within a tub, of a trackway mounted on the curved face of said support, means for clamping the trackway on said curved face of the support, a mounting sustained by said trackway, alever pivoted to said mounting, and a pounder attached to said lever.

22. In a washing-machine for set tubs, the

combination with a support having a curved upper face, and means for sustaining said support within a tub, of a trackway mounted on the curved face of the support, a screw projecting upwardly from the curved face of the support, a block mounted on said screw and havin a curved lower face parallel with the curve upper face of the support, a nut on the screw, a mounting on the track, a

lever ivoted to said mounting and a pounder attac ed to the lever.

23. In a washing-machine for set tubs, the combination'with a post and a device to be disposed within the tub for supportingsaid post, of fingers on said post-supporting device, a sleeve 1r ounted-on said post and having a notched flange at its base normally con fined under said fingers, whereby said sleeve can be readily removed from the' post, a lever pivoted to the sleeve and a pounder carried by said lever.

In testimony whereof I afliX my signature in presence of two witnesses.

CYRUS A. DODGE.

Witnesses:

A'LIOE E. RowLEY, WALTER J. ZUILL.

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3332669A (en) * 1966-08-10 1967-07-25 Colonna Angelo Quiver mixer

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3332669A (en) * 1966-08-10 1967-07-25 Colonna Angelo Quiver mixer

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